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Table 2 Mean foraminal height (mm) of the cervical foramina (C4-5, C5-6, and C6-C7), of dogs divided according to movement and load

From: Morphological changes of the caudal cervical intervertebral foramina due to flexion-extension and compression-traction movements in the canine cervical vertebral column

Movement Load Height (mm)a 95 % Confidence. Intervala (CI)
Neutral None 4.31 4.05 − 4.57
Neutral Compression 4.14 3.89 − 4.4
Neutral Traction 4.46 4.20 − 4.72
Extension None 3.57 3.31 − 3.83
Flexion None 4.79 4.53 − 5.05
  1. aForaminal height and CI in millimeters (mm)