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Table 5 Summary of multilevel* multivariable logistic regression comparisons between the four padding materials in contact with the skin: rice sack, bark, blanket, and carpet, used on elephants working in tourism camps in Thailand

From: Risk factors for saddle-related skin lesions on elephants used in the tourism industry in Thailand

Comparison Odds ratio Lower 95 % CI Upper 95 % CI P value
Rice Sack – Blanket 8.09 1.16 56.45 0.035
Rice Sack – Carpet 13.52 2.22 82.35 0.005
Rice Sack – Bark 5.09 1.36 19.06 0.016
Blanket – Bark 0.63 0.13 2.96 0.558
Carpet – Bark 0.37 0.09 1.65 0.195
Carpet – Blanket 0.60 0.09 3.90 0.591
  1. Note: Odds ratios are calculated using the second listed variable as the referent category
  2. *Model used for comparisons includes a random intercept for camp