Table 2 Comparison of maximum angle (°), minimum angle (°), displacement angular velocity (°), maximum angular velocity (°/s), and minimum angular velocity (°/s) of the hind limb joints between Group 1 and Group 2

Variable Group 1 Group 2
Mean ± SD CV Mean ± SD CV P value
Tarsal Maximum angle 156.48 ± 3.91 2.50 154.59 ± 5.13 3.32 0.470
Minimum angle 126.44 ± 5.54 4.38 119.30 ± 5.93 4.97 0.003
Angular displacement 30.05 ± 3.99 13.27 35.30 ± 4.45 12.59 0.003
Maximum angular velocity 329.52 ± 72.66 22.05 360.03 ± 58.18 16.16 0.633
Minimum angular velocity −336.94 ± 61.62 −18.29 −340.06 ± 54.45 −16.01 0.991
Stifle Maximum angle 156.48 ± 6.95 5.11 130.59 ± 6.82 5.22 0.084
Minimum angle 103.13 ± 5.55 5.38 95.60 ± 8.48 8.87 0.010
Angular displacement 32.85 ± 4.73 14.41 34.99 ± 4.88 13.95 0.426
Maximum angular velocity 313.96 ± 53.66 17.09 363.16 ± 43.15 11.88 0.026
Minimum angular velocity −217.28 ± 39.58 −18.22 −204.37 ± 34.44 −16.85 0.590
Hip Maximum angle 156.48 ± 9.01 8.38 107.63 ± 5.52 5.12 0.999
Minimum angle 89.22 ± 6.26 7.02 91.81 ± 5.32 5.79 0.426
Angular displacement 18.30 ± 7.32 40.00 15.82 ± 2.79 17.65 0.399
Maximum angular velocity 213.79 ± 139.77 65.37 126.15 ± 42.16 33.42 0.031
Minimum angular velocity −169.91 ± −65.53 −38.57 −131.28 ± 17.03 −12.98 0.050
1. P-values in bold represent significant differences (P < 0.05) between the mean of G1 and G2 variables.