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Table 1 T. gondii seroprevalence in camels of the Fentale district, stratified by explanatory variables as detected by DAT

From: First report of Toxoplasma gondii in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Ethiopia: bioassay and seroepidemiological investigation

Variable Categories No. tested No. positive % seroprevalence Chi-square P-value
PA Galcha 35 11 31.43 38.8441 <0.001
Tuttuti 211 86 40.76
Saraweba 38 17 44.74
Garafafate 10 5 50.00
Turo 29 17 58.62
Ilala 62 51 82.26
  Total 385 187 48.34   
Sex Female 209 100 47.85 0.0961 0.757
Male 176 87 49.43
Age ≤4 yrs 108 37 34.26 12.6190 0.002
4-8 yrs 185 98 52.97
>8 yrs 92 52 56.52
Ps Pastoral 308 148 48.05 0.1664 0.683
Agro-pastoral 77 39 50.65
Hs Small 85 39 45.88 9.0675 0.011
Medium 173 98 56.65
Large 127 50 39.37
Abortion No 198 90 45.45 8.6284 0.003
Yes 11 10 90.91
Stillbirth No 207 98 47.34 2.2011 0.138
Yes 2 2 100.00
NNM No 1 0 0.00 0.9218 0.337
Yes 208 100 48.08
  1. PA = pastoral association, Hs = herd size, Ps = production system, NNM = neonatal mortality, P-values of statistically significant variables were highlighted in bold; No. = number.