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Table 3 Product contact times a during patient preps b recorded using video observation in 10 companion animal clinics

From: Observational study of patient and surgeon preoperative preparation in ten companion animal clinics in Ontario, Canada

  Soap-and-water patient prepbstep Alcohol patient prepbstep
Clinic n Mean contact time (s) Median contact time (s) Range (s) n Mean contact time (s) Median contact time (s) Range (s)
1 14 48 46 18 - 150 11 32 22 14 - 66
2 30 82 70 18 - 247 3 106 60 28 - 220
3 4 59 54 46 - 82 0 - - -
4 12 52 38 20 - 178 1 30 30 -
5 3 24 30 10 - 33 6 26 28 3 - 49
6 3 54 50 30 - 81 3 38 39 33 - 43
7 0 - - - 0 - - -
8 25 107 72 34 - 462 2 70 70 50 - 89
9 8 29 29 18 - 47 5 10 11 5 -13
10 6 219 214 140 - 369 6 38 38 6 - 76
Total 105 75c 67d 10 - 462 37 44c 37d 3 - 220
80e 54f 37e 30f
  1. acontact times were only recorded for those preparation steps which were followed by an another preparation step (e.g. alcohol, antiseptic).
  2. bpreoperative patient preparation procedures.
  3. caverage of the means for each clinic.
  4. daverage of the medians for each clinic.
  5. eoverall mean.
  6. foverall median.