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Table 3 Pathogens screened for during the study

From: Design and descriptive epidemiology of the Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project, a longitudinal calf cohort study in western Kenya

Pathogen Test Visits tested Pathogen Test Visits tested
Actinomyces sp. RB CE Hepatozoon spp. catch-all RLB Y
Actinomycetes RB CE Hyalomma spp. CL 7D, 5W, Y
Amblyomma variegatum CL 7D, 5W, Y Hypoderma bovis CL 7D, 5W, Y
Anaplasma bovis RLB Y Klebsiella ozaenae RB CE
Anaplasma centrale RLB Y Klebsiella pneumoniae RB CE
Anaplasma marginale RLB Y Listeria spp. RB CE
Anaplasma ovis RLB Y    
Anaplasma phagocytophilum RLB Y Lumpy skin disease PCR CE
Arcanobacterium pyogenes RB CE Micrococcus spp. RB CE
Babesia bicornis RLB Y Moniezia spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Babesia bigemina RLB Y M. avium paratuberculosis ZN Y
Babesia bovis RLB Y Nematodirus spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Babesia caballi RLB Y Non-pathogenic Staphylococci RB CE
Babesia canis RLB Y Oesophagostomum radratium FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Babesia divergens RLB Y Onchocerca spp. SNP,MIC Y
Babesia felis RLB Y Ostertagia ostertagi FM+FC 7D, 5W, Y
Babesia gibsoni Japan RLB Y Pasteurella multocida RB CE
Babesia microti RLB Y Rickettsia spp. catch-all RLB Y
Babesia motasi RLB Y Rickettsia spp. (DnS14) raoultii RLB Y
Babesia odocoilei RLB Y Riphicephalus appendiculatus CL 7D, 5W, Y
Babesia ovis RLB Y Rotavirus ELISA CE
Babesia rossi RLB Y Salmonella spp. RB CE
Babesia vogeli RLB Y Sarcocystis spp. HIS PM
Bacillus anthracis RB PM Staphylococcus aureus RB CE
Bluetongue virus PCR Y, CE Staphylococcus epidermicus RB CE
Bacillus spp. RB CE Staphylococcus epidermidis RB CE
Boophilus spp. CL 7D, 5W, Y Staphylococcus spp. RB CE
Borrelia afzelii RLB Y Streptococcus bovis RB CE
Borrelia burgdorferi s. lato RLB Y Streptococcus spp. RB CE
Borrelia burgdorferi s. stricto RLB Y Theileria annae RLB Y
Borrelia garinii RLB Y Theileria annulata RLB Y
Borrelia valaisiana RLB Y Theileria bicornis RLB Y
Bunostomum trigonocephalum FM 7D, 5W, Y Theileria buffeli RLB Y
Bovine Viral Diarrrhoea Virus ELISA - ag Y Theileria cervi RLB Y
Calicophoron spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y Theileria equi RLB Y
Chabertia ovina FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y Theileria equi-like RLB Y
Clostridium spp. RB CE Theileria lestoquardi RLB Y
Coccidia spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y Theileria mutans RLB Y
Coccobacillary RB CE Theileria orientalis 1 RLB Y
Cooperia spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y Theileria parva RLB,PCR Y
Corynebacterium spp. RB CE Theileria spp. (buffalo) RLB Y
Cryptosporidium spp. ZN,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Theileria spp. (duiker) RLB Y
Dermatophilus congolensis RB CE Theileria spp. (kudu) RLB Y
Dictyocaulus viviparus (L1) FB 7D, 5W, Y Theileria spp. (sable) RLB Y
E.coli RB CE Theileria spp. MIC, (RLB) 7D, 5W, Y, CE
Ehrlichia chaffeensis RLB Y Theileria taurotragi RLB Y
Ehrlichia ruminantium RLB,MIC,PCR Y, CE Theileria velifera RLB Y
Ehrlichia spp. (Omatjenne) RLB Y Toxocara vitulorum FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria alabamensis FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trichophyton spp. MIC CE
Eimeria auburnensis FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trichostrongylus axei FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria bovis FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trichuris spp. FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria cylindrica FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trypanosoma brucei HCT,DG,PCR 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria ellipsoidalis FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trypanosoma congolense HCT,DG,PCR 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria subspherica FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trypanosoma spp. HCT,DG,PCR 7D, 5W, Y
Eimeria zuernii FM,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Trypanosoma theileri HCT,DG,PCR 7D, 5W, Y
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease PCR Y, CE Trypanosoma vivax HCT,DG,PCR 7D, 5W, Y
Fasciola spp. FS,MIC 7D, 5W, Y Weksella zoohelcum RB CE
Haemonchus placei FM,FC 7D, 5W, Y    
  1. RB routine bacteriology, CE clinical episode, CL clinical examination, RLB reverse line blot, 7D recruitment visit, 5W routine 5 weekly visit, Y final visit at 51 weeks, FM faecal examination by McMaster’s technique, FC faecal culture, MIC routine microscopy, SNP skin snip and culture, ZN Ziehl–Neelsen stain, DG dark ground microscopy, HCT haematocrit, PCR polymerase chain reaction.