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Table 1 Oxidative stress parameters (Mean ± SE) of control and treated (oxytocin injected) lactating Bubalis bubalis (Nili Ravi) during different months of lactation

From: Oxytocin induced oxidative stress in lactating Bubalis bubalis (Nili Ravi)

Parameters 1st month 2nd month 3rd month 4th month 5th month 6th month
C T C T C T C T C T C T
TOS (μMol/L) 0.47 ± 0.02c 0.97 ± 0.08ab 0.79 ± 0.09b 0.79 ± 0.09b 1.10 ± 0.07a 1.12 ± 0.08a 1.08 ± 0.06a 1.00 ± 0.05ab 0.36 ± 0.03c 0.98 ± 0.071ab 0.78 ± 0.09b 0.97 ± 0.06ab
TAC (mMol/L) 0.30 ± 0.01efg 0.20 ± 0.02fg 0.40 ± 0.06de 0.26 ± 0.02fg 1.06 ± 0.02a 0.49 ± 0.06cd 0.78 ± 0.03b 0.32 ± 0.02ef 0.18 ± 0.02g 0.28 ± 0.02efg 0.55 ± 0.08c 0.25 ± 0.01fg
tHcy (μMol/L) 12.72 ± 0.59cd 16.77 ± 0.99a 10.43 ± 0.30d 17.04 ± 0.84a 14.20 ± 0.65bc 15.77 ± 0.66ab 12.15 ± 0.86cd 17.52 ± 0.57a 14.03 ± 0.92bc 16.52 ± 0.56ab 15.32 ± 0.33ab 17.44 ± 0.52a
PON1 activity (U/L) 35.06 ± 2.68g 45.74 ± 2.63bcd 58.29 ± 2.41a 48.71 ± 1.92bc 50.41 ± 1.63bc 45.59 ± 2.22bcde 51.41 ± 2.66ab 40.59 ± 1.33defg 46.98 ± 1.12bcd 38.51 ± 1.46efg 43.75 ± 1.23cdef 37.64 ± 0.86fg
Arylesterase activity (U/L) 47.12 ± 1.45ab 32.94 ± 1.04f 32.98 ± 1.38ef 28.09 ± 1.40f 43.94 ± 1.59bc 45.08 ± 1.75bc 38.29 ± 0.80de 43.44 ± 2.11bcd 40.74 ± 1.35cd 30.16 ± 1.35f 52.06 ± 0.74a 32.86 ± 1.77f
Ceruloplasmin oxidase activity (U/L) 32.06 ± 2.35e 55.91 ± 5.71bcd 45.31 ± 2.87de 33.09 ± 1.82e 51.63 ± 2.09cd 50.73 ± 3.80d 56.17 ± 4.07bcd 100.44 ± 5.54a 69.94 ± 4.59b 65.20 ± 4.55bc 65.31 ± 4.68bc 58.16 ± 1.74bcd
  1. Values with different alphabets in a row significantly differ at (P ≤ 0.05).
  2. Standard abbreviations and units are given in parenthesis.
  3. “C” = Control group; “T” = Treatment group (oxytocin injected).
  4. “TOS” = Total oxidant status; “TAC” = Total antioxidant capacity.
  5. “tHcy” = Total homocysteine; “PON1” = paraoxonase-1.