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Table 1 Occurrence of ESBL producers in food-producing animals at slaughter as well as in minced meat, bulk tank milk and isolates from bovine mastitis in Switzerland

From: Occurrence and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae in food producing animals, minced meat and raw milk

Origin n Number of samples with ESBL producers (percentage)
Cattle, fecal samples 124 17 (13.7%; [95% CI, 8.1; 21.0])
  calves 63 16 (25.3%; [95% CI, 15.3; 37.9])
  others 61 1 (1.6%; [95% CI, 0.4; 8.7])
Pig, fecal samples   59 9 (15.3%; [95% CI, 7.2; 26.9])
Chicken, fecal samples from crates of different flocks   93 59 (63.4%; [95% CI, 52.8; 73.2])
Sheep, fecal samples   58 5 (8.6%; [95% CI, 2.9; 18.9])
  lambs 40 2 (5.0%; [95% CI, 0.6; 16.9])
  others 18 3 (16.7%; [95% CI, 3.5; 41.4])
Mined meat (pork, beef)   104 0 (0.0%; [95% CI, 0.0; 3.4])
Bulk tank milk   100 0 (0.0%; [95% CI, 0.0; 3.6])
E. coli isolates from mastitis milk   67 1 (1.5%; [95% CI, 0.3; 8.0])
  1. n: number of samples tested
  2. CI: confidence interval