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Table 2 Treatment effects on haematological variables pre and post-transport in control and transported (RT and ULT) animals (n = 20 animals/treatment)

From: The effect of road and sea transport on inflammatory, adrenocortical, metabolic and behavioural responses of weanling heifers

Variable d 0 pre-transport d 2 Arrival in French lairage D 3 post-12 h lairage d 4 arrival in Spain d 6 post-transport d 8 post-transport d 10 post-transport d 34 post-transport
White blood cell (WBC) number (1×103 μL)
Control 9.20 ± 0.57ax 8.20 ± 0.41abx 8.60 ± 0.54abx 7.90 ± 0.75abx 8.90 ± 0.75abx 7.81 ± 0.49abx 7.40 ± 0.44bx 9.66 ± 0.47bx
RT 10.10 ± 0.57ax 20.90 ± 2.30by 15.40 ± 1.99by 23.10 ± 1.43by 15.00 ± 1.43by 12.60 ± 1.01by 18.70 ± 1.74by 13.10 ± 1.22by
ULT 9.00 ± 0.59ax 16.70 ± 16.0by 14.0 ± 1.16by 17.80 ± 1.31by 15.60 ± 1.31by 14.10 ± 1.45by 16.10 ± 1.07by 11.14 ± 0.95by
Neutrophil percentage (%)        
Control 36.25 ± 2.70abx 32.95 ± 2.705bx 38.22 ± 3.10abx 33.20 ± 3.00bx 35.95 ± 2.85bx 38.10 ± 2.11abx 42.10 ± 2.42ax 32.44 ± 3.30bx
RT 38.00 ± 2.72abx 37.16 ± 2.76abx 39.20 ± 2.97abx 43.95 ± 3.01bx 37.16 ± 2.92abx 42.67 ± 2.21bx 33.79 ± 2.50axy 40.68 ± 3.10abx
ULT 37.30 ± 2.70abx 34.35 ± 2.70abx 37.78 ± 3.10abx 38.84 ± 3.00abx 34.55 ± 2.85abx 37.53 ± 2.25abx 31.47 ± 2.48aby 36.06 ± 3.23abx
Lymphocyte percentage (%)        
Control 62.35 ± 2.86abx 64.26 ± 2.74abx 60.11 ± 3.02bx 65.85 ± 2.92abx 62.85 ± 2.87abx 60.40 ± 2.05abx 57.30 ± 2.47ax 64.88 ± 14.14abx
RT 59.80 ± 2.90abx 58.63 ± 2.70abx 59.15 ± 2.92abx 53.89 ± 3.00bx 61.37 ± 2.14abx 54.94 ± 2.53bx 65.68 ± 3.10axy 58.42 ± 15.62abx
ULT 59.15 ± 2.80abx 62.05 ± 2.70abx 59.89 ± 3.01abx 59.00 ± 2.96abx 63.25 ± 2.86abx 60.82 ± 2.20abx 68.32 ± 2.53aby 62.82 ± 12.51abx
Neutrophil:Lymphocyte ratio        
Control 0.81 ± 0.13abx 0.70 ± 0.08abx 0.73 ± 0.10abx 1.00 ± 0.13bx 0.68 ± 0.09abx 0.82 ± 0.06abx 0.59 ± 0.08ax 0.89 ± 0.13abx
RT 0.70 ± 0.13abx 0.61 ± 0.08abx 0.79 ± 0.10abx 0.81 ± 0.13bxy 0.64 ± 0.08abx 0.65 ± 0.06by 0.49 ± 0.07axy 0.64 ± 0.13abx
ULT 0.69 ± 0.13abx 0.58 ± 0.78abx 0.70 ± 0.10abx 0.54 ± 0.13aby 0.63 ± 0.08abx 0.67 ± 0.06abxy 0.80 ± 0.07aby 0.57 ± 0.14abx
Haematocrit (HCT) (%)        
Control 39.49 ± 0.57axy 39.09 ± 0.41abx 38.32 ± 0.54bx 36.71 ± 0.66bx 36.51 ± 0.75bx 36.54 ± 0.49bx 35.39 ± 0.44bx 33.69 ± 0.47bx
RT 39.18 ± 0.67ax 34.41 ± 0.74by 32.17 ± 1.25by 32.26 ± 0.56by 31.36 ± 0.65by 29.75 ± 0.68by 29.78 ± 0.63by 28.09 ± 0.66by
ULT 40.23 ± 0.59ay 33.63 ± 0.90by 32.06 ± 1.16by 32.98 ± 1.69by 32.01 ± 1.31by 30.97 ± 1.45by 30.74 ± 1.07by 28.97 ± 0.95by
  1. The values are expressed as mean ± s.e. Control = not transported; RT (transported animals that remained on the transporter at the French lairage for 12 h) and ULT animals transported (transported animals that were unloaded at the French lairage for a 12 h rest period) at a stocking density of 0.93 m2 per animal;a,bWithin a row, means not having a common superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05);x,ywithin a column at each sampling time point (day (d)), treatment means differ by P < 0.05. Data were analysed using SAS/STAT (9.1 (SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC, USA). The differences between means were tested using the Tukey-Kramer test for multiple comparisons.