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Table 8 Number and percent of lactating sows from 86 farms in England with limb lesions by floor type, week of lactation, responsiveness, space in the crate and slat material

From: A cross sectional study of the prevalence, risk factors and population attributable fractions for limb and body lesions in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

  Shoulders Hips, spine, tail Total n
  n % n %  
Floor/bedding      
   Outdoor 1 2.6 0 0.0 39
   Solid with bedding 2 5.9 5 14.7 34
   Partly slatted with bedding 8 15.7 4 7.8 51
   Partly slatted no bedding 13 10.5 16 12.9 124
   Fully slatted 5 15.6 7 21.9 32
Week of lactation      
   1-week 15 23.8 11 17.5 63
   2-week 5 7.4 8 11.8 68
   3-week 4 7.1 3 5.4 56
   4-week 4 7.4 10 18.5 54
Sow's responsiveness to humans1      
   Bright, alert and responsive 9 6.2 21 14.5 145
   May be dull 12 15.4 9 11.5 78
   Dull and unresponsive 7 38.9 2 11.1 18
Space between sow's back and crate      
   <5 cm 7 22.6 7 22.6 31
   5-10 cm 11 19.6 8 14.3 56
   >10 cm 9 6.7 13 9.6 135
Space between sow's tail and crate      
   <10 cm 8 24.2 9 27.3 33
   10 - 20 cm 7 11.5 6 9.8 61
   >20 cm 12 9.7 13 10.5 124
Slat material      
   Metal 14 11.2 19 15.2 125
   Plastic 16 14.7 14 12.8 109
   Metal and plastic 2 18.2 0 0.0 11
Bedding type      
   Straw 7 10.9 9 14.1 64
   Wood shavings 4 13.3 1 3.3 30
   Paper 2 33.3 0 0.0 6
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