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Table 1 Characteristics of dogs and knowledge and attitudes of dog owners regarding potential zoonotic disease in urban and rural communities.

From: Parasites of importance for human health in Nigerian dogs: high prevalence and limited knowledge of pet owners

Variables Urban n = 192 Rural n = 204 Urban Vs. rural
  N % N % p value
Sex of dogs
   Male 91 47.4% 89 43.6% 0.5
   Female 101 52.6% 115 56.4% 0.5
Age of dogs (months)
   0–6 61 31.8% 73 35.8% 0.4
   7–11 49 25.5% 59 28.9% 0.4
   ≥ 12 82 42.7% 72 35.3% 0.1
Reasons for keeping dogs
   Hunting 71 37.0 115 56.4 < 0.0001
   Watch dog 56 29.2 37 18.1 0.013
   Companion 43 22.4 32 15.7 0.1
   No specific reason 22 11.5 20 9.8 0.6
Where do dogs usually roam?
   Confined to dog house on compound 18 9.4 7 3.4 0.022
   Inside the house 3 1.6 11 5.4 0.055
   Within the compound 57 29.7 33 16.2 0.002
   Anywhere within and outside the compound 114 59.4 153 75.0 0.001
How do dogs leave house premises
   Always accompanied 35 18.2 10 4.9 < 0.0001
   Occasionally accompanied 67 34.9 80 39.2 0.4
   Never Accompanied 90 46.9 114 55.9 0.09
Usual place of defecation
   Within the house premises 66 34.4 54 26.5 0.1
   Within/out of house premises 126 65.6 150 73.5 0.1
Preferred type of floor where dogs defecate
   Only impervious (cemented/tiles) 29 15.1 16 7.8 0.027
   Only pervious (grass, soil, etc) 56 29.2 86 42.2 0.009
   Both pervious/impervious 107 55.7 102 50.0 0.3
Observation on dogs catching prey 118 61.5 164 80.4 < 0.0001
Last anthelminthic treatment of dogs
   < 12 months ago 42 21.9 20 9.8 0.001
   ≥ 12 months ago 56 29.2 38 18.6 0.018
   Never 94 49.0 146 71.6 < 0.0001
Dog owners' knowledge of possible diseases/conditions transmitted or caused by dogs*
   Rabies 124 64.6 136 66.7 0.7
   Wound from dog bite 75 39.1 85 41.7 0.6
   Scabies 35 18.2 28 13.7 0.3
   Worms 11 5.7 15 7.4 0.5
   Dysentery 6 3.1 10 4.9 0.4
   Other bacterial/viral diseases 5 2.6 12 5.9 0.14
Do children play with dogs?
   Yes 191 99.5 204 100 0.5
   No 1 0.5 0 0 0.5
Dog owners' perception of diseases transmitted by dogs
   Serious 35 18.2 23 11.3 0.064
   Not serious 91 47.4 72 35.3 0.019
   Do not cause any disease 66 34.4 109 53.4 < 0.0001
  1. *more than one option possible