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Table 2 Multivariate model using logistic regression analysis for the association between the potential risk factors and BTV seropositive cattle in North Kordufan State, Sudan

From: Prevalence of bluetongue virus infection and associated risk factors among cattle in North Kordufan State, Western Sudan

Risk factors OR 95% C.I P-Value
Age Ref   
Young 4.30 1.94-9.57 0.01*
Old    
Vector control Ref   
Yes 7.41 3.11-17.64 0.01*
No    
Body condition Ref   
 Emaciated 2.95 1.15-7.60 0.03*
 Fat    
Localities Ref   
 Abuzabad 0.06 0.06-1.28 0.74
 Umrawaba 2.09 0.29-40.64 0.46
 Bara 0.08 0.01-2.47 0.15
 Sheikan 0.24 0.01-4.44 0.33
 Ennuhud 0.77 0.08-7.45 0.82
 Elkhuwaye    
Sex Ref   
 Female 0.38 0.11-1.24 0.11
 Male    
Breed Ref   
 Indigenous 0.96 0.06-50.95 0.98
 Cross    
Animal source Ref   
 Purchase from local market 1.37 0.44-4.23 0.59
 Raised on farm 0.86 0.08-9.27 0.90
 Purchase from other farm    
Grazing system Ref   
 Stationary 1.91 0.20-17.83 0.57
 Nomadic 0.69 0.07-6.78 0.75
 Semi nomadic    
Herd size Ref   
 Small 2.79 0.61-12.86 0.19
 Large    
Farm yard Ref   
 Indoor 2.79 0.62-14.28 0.17
 Outdoor    
Milk production Ref   
 No 0.63 0.32-1.24 0.18
 Low 0.15 0.01-1.89 0.14
 High    
Other animals Ref   
 No 1.20 0.45-3.20 0.73
 Yes    
  1. p-value* <0.05 was considered significant.