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Table 3 Vertical impulse (VI)for the pads (mean ± SD)

From: Evaluation of vertical forces in the pads of Pitbulls with cranial cruciate ligament rupture

Forelimbs Metacarpalpad Digital pads
2 3 4 5
Healthy 4.8 ± 0.7aA 1.8 ± 0.4aB 4.6 ± 0.7aA 5.5 ± 0.8aA 5.1 ± 0.8aA
Ipsilateral 7.1 ± 0.9bA 2.1 ± 0.3aB 4.6 ± 0.6aC 6.0 ± 0.6aD 6.0 ± 0.7bD
Contralateral 6.7 ± 1.2bA 2.3 ± 0.5aB 5.1 ± 0.6aC 6.2 ± 0.6aD 6.2 ± 0.8bD
Hind limbs Metatarsalpad Digital pads
2 3 4 5
Healthy 1.6 ± 0.3aA 0.7 ± 0.2aB 3.5 ± 0.5aC 4.4 ± 0.9aD 2.3 ± 0.4aE
Affected 0.5 ± 0.3bA 0.7 ± 0.2aA 2.5 ± 0.5bB 3.0 ± 0.5bB 1.2 ± 0.3bC
Contralateral 3.0 ± 0.4cA 1.6 ± 0.3bB 4.6 ± 0.5cC 4.8 ± 0.5aC 2.8 ± 0.5cA
  1. Groups with different letters are significantly different (p < 0.05).
  2. Capital letter- row/low case letter – column. Mean values expressed as % of body weight.