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  1. The concurrent rise in consumption of fresh chicken meat and human campylobacteriosis in the late 1990's in Iceland led to a longitudinal study of the poultry industry to identify the means to decrease the fre...

    Authors: Michele T Guerin, Wayne Martin, Jarle Reiersen, Olaf Berke, Scott A McEwen, Jean-Robert Bisaillon and Ruff Lowman
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:30
  2. Cattle twins are well known as blood chimeras. However, chimerism in the actual hematopoietic progenitor compartment has not been directly investigated. Here, we analyzed fetal liver of chimeric freemartin cat...

    Authors: Mikael Niku, Tiina Pessa-Morikawa, Juhani Taponen and Antti Iivanainen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:29
  3. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a myocardial disease occurring in humans and domestic animals and is characterized by dilatation of the left ventricle, reduced systolic function and increased sphericity of the left ...

    Authors: Anje C Wiersma, Peter AJ Leegwater, Bernard A van Oost, William E Ollier and Joanna Dukes-McEwan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:28
  4. The most predominant beta2-integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18, alphaLbeta2), expressed on all leukocytes, is essential for many adhesive functions of the immune system. Interesti...

    Authors: Philippe GAC Vanden Bergh, Laurent LM Zecchinon, Thomas Fett and Daniel JM Desmecht
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:27
  5. The genus Varicellovirus of the Herpesviridae subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae includes a cluster of viruses antigenically and genetically related to bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1): namely bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5...

    Authors: Julien Thiry, Frederik Widén, Fabien Grégoire, Annick Linden, Sándor Belák and Etienne Thiry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:26
  6. The morphopathological picture of a subset of equine myopathies is compatible with a primary mitochondrial disease, but functional confirmation in vivo is still pending. The cationic dye JC-1 exhibits potentia...

    Authors: Dominique Cassart, Thomas Fett, Michaël Sarlet, Etienne Baise, Freddy Coignoul and Daniel Desmecht
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:25
  7. Prevention and control of ovine enzootic abortion (OEA) can be achieved by application of a live vaccine. In this study, five sheep flocks with different vaccination and infection status were serologically tes...

    Authors: Andrea Gerber, Ruedi Thoma, Evangelia Vretou, Evgenia Psarrou, Carmen Kaiser, Marcus G Doherr, Dieter R Zimmermann, Adam Polkinghorne, Andreas Pospischil and Nicole Borel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:24
  8. African buffaloes are the maintenance host for Mycobacterium bovis in the endemically infected Kruger National Park (KNP). The infection is primarily spread between buffaloes via the respiratory route, but it is ...

    Authors: Anita L Michel, Lin-Mari de Klerk, Nico C Gey van Pittius, Rob M Warren and Paul D van Helden
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:23
  9. The exact role of the lymphoreticular system in the spread of peripheral prion infections to the central nervous system still needs further elucidation. Against this background, the influence of the regional l...

    Authors: Christine Kratzel, Dominique Krüger and Michael Beekes
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:22
  10. Performances of different salmonella detection methods were evaluated by applying them to of artificially contaminated faecal specimens from cattle, pigs and poultry. The NMKL71 method, being the standard refe...

    Authors: Erik Eriksson and Anna Aspan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:21
  11. Active surveillance for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in small ruminants has been an EU regulatory requirement since 2002. A number of European countries have subsequently reported cases of atypica...

    Authors: Marion M Simmons, Timm Konold, Hugh A Simmons, Yvonne I Spencer, Richard Lockey, John Spiropoulos, Sharon Everitt and Derek Clifford
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:20
  12. Cutaneous mast cell tumours are one of the most common neoplasms in dogs and show a highly variable biologic behaviour. Several prognosis tools have been proposed for canine mast cell tumours, including histol...

    Authors: Rui M Gil da Costa, Eduarda Matos, Alexandra Rema, Célia Lopes, Maria A Pires and Fátima Gärtner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:19
  13. Johne's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gut caused by infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Symptoms include wasting, diarrhoea, loss of condition and eventual dea...

    Authors: Jennifer A Smeed, Craig A Watkins, Susan M Rhind and John Hopkins
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:18
  14. Salmonella Dublin (S. Dublin) is a zoonotic bacterium which is host adapted to cattle. The bacterium can cause subclinical persistent infection in cattle (carriers), which may be reactivated. During reactivation,...

    Authors: Sanne R Lomborg, Jørgen S Agerholm, Asger L Jensen and Liza R Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:17
  15. Pain of mild to moderate grade is difficult to detect in laboratory mice because mice are prey animals that attempt to elude predators or man by hiding signs of weakness, injury or pain. In this study, we inve...

    Authors: Margarete Arras, Andreas Rettich, Paolo Cinelli, Hans P Kasermann and Kurt Burki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:16
  16. Glomerulonephritis in dogs has been associated with B. burgdorferi infections. In Bernese Mountain Dogs with glomerulonephritis antibodies against B. burgdorferi have been found in most dogs, raising the question...

    Authors: Bernhard Gerber, Simone Eichenberger, Max M Wittenbrink and Claudia E Reusch
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:15
  17. Two annual surveys, the abattoir and the fallen stock, monitor the presence of scrapie across Europe. A simple comparison between the prevalence estimates in different countries reveals that, in 2003, the abat...

    Authors: Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Petter Hopp, Telmo Nunes, Giuseppe Ru, Kumar Sivam and Angel Ortiz-Pelaez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:13
  18. We have evaluated a sensitive screening assay for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex organisms and a specific assay for detecting Mycobacterium bovis DNA in lymph nodes taken from cattle with evidence of bo...

    Authors: G Michael Taylor, Danny R Worth, Si Palmer, Keith Jahans and R Glyn Hewinson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:12
  19. There are a few works considering the characterization of canine monocyte-derived macrophages as well as a standardized procedure for isolation, culture, and infection of these cells with Leishmania. We have perf...

    Authors: Weverton M Sampaio, Eliane P Moura, Felipe CS Arruda, Raul R Ribeiro, Cíntia F Alves, Ferdinan A Melo, Ana Paula SM Fernandes, Marilene SM Michalick, Maria N Melo, Washington L Tafuri and Wagner L Tafuri
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:11
  20. International trade regulations require that countries document their livestock's sanitary status in general and freedom from specific infective agents in detail provided that import restrictions should be app...

    Authors: Lea Knopf, Heinzpeter Schwermer and Katharina DC Stärk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:10
  21. The quantification of gene expression in tissue samples requires the use of reference genes to normalise transcript numbers between different samples. Reference gene stability may vary between different tissue...

    Authors: Duncan Ayers, Dylan N Clements, Fiona Salway and Philip JR Day
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:7
  22. Helminth infections in small ruminants are serious problems in the developing world, particularly where nutrition and sanitation are poor. This study investigated the burden and risk factors of gastrointestina...

    Authors: Agricola Odoi, Joseph M Gathuma, Charles K Gachuiri and Amos Omore
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:6
  23. Dogs are popular pets in many countries. Identifying differences between those who own dogs or have contact with dogs, and those who do not, is useful to those interested in the human-animal bond, human health...

    Authors: Carri Westgarth, Gina L Pinchbeck, John WS Bradshaw, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M Gaskell and Robert M Christley
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:5
  24. Desmoglein 1 (DSG1) is the target protein in the skin disease exudative epidermitis in pigs caused by virulent strains of Staphylococcus hyicus. The exfoliative toxins produced by S. hyicus digest the porcine des...

    Authors: Lise Daugaard, Lars Ole Andresen and Merete Fredholm
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:4
  25. Injury to the supraspinous ligament (SSL) is reported to cause back pain in the horse. The diagnosis is based on clinical examination and confirmed by ultrasonographic examination. The ultrasonographic appeara...

    Authors: Frances MD Henson, Luis Lamas, Sabina Knezevic and Leo B Jeffcott
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:3
  26. Atypical scrapie is a recently recognised form of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheep that differs from classical scrapie in its neuropathological and biochemical features. Most cases are detected...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Andrew Davis, Gemma Bone, John Bracegirdle, Sharon Everitt, Melanie Chaplin, Ginny C Saunders, Saira Cawthraw and Marion M Simmons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:2
  27. Colic (abdominal pain) is a clinical condition of serious concern affecting the welfare and survival of donkeys at the Donkey Sanctuary in the UK. One of the most commonly reported causes is due to impacted in...

    Authors: Ruth Cox, Christopher J Proudman, Andrew F Trawford, Faith Burden and Gina L Pinchbeck
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:1
  28. Prion diseases are characterised by a neurodegenerative pattern in which the function of immune system remains still elusive. In the present study, we evaluate if an exogenous treatment with Interleukin-12 (IL...

    Authors: Paolo Pasquali, Romolo Nonno, Maria Teresa Mandara, Michele Angelo Di Bari, Giovanni Ricci, Paola Petrucci, Silvia Capuccini, Claudia Cartoni, Agostino Macrì and Umberto Agrimi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:37
  29. The objective of this proteomics study was to identify proteins that changed expression as a result of copper challenge in the uniquely copper sensitive North Ronaldsay sheep and further, to compare those chan...

    Authors: Deborah M Simpson, Ali Mobasheri, Susan Haywood and Robert J Beynon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:36
  30. During systemic gram-negative bacterial infections, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) ligation to the hepatic Toll-like receptor-4 complex induces the production of hepatic acute phase proteins that are involved in the...

    Authors: Honghe Cao, Leah C Kabaroff, Qiumei You, Alexander Rodriguez, Herman J Boermans and Niel A Karrow
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:34
  31. Streptococcus uberis is a common cause of bovine mastitis and recommended control measures, based on improved milking practice, teat dipping and antibiotic treatment at drying-off, are poorly efficient against th...

    Authors: Florence B Gilbert, Angélina Fromageau, Jérémy Lamoureux and Bernard Poutrel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:33
  32. Indian cattle (Bos indicus) and riverine buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) give a poor yield of milk but it has a high fat and protein percentage compared to taurine cattle. The identification of QTLs (Quantitative Trait...

    Authors: Madhu S Tantia, Ramesh K Vijh, Bishnu P Mishra, Bina Mishra, ST Bharani Kumar and Monika Sodhi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:32
  33. Given the theoretical proposal that bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) could have originated from sheep scrapie, this study investigated the pathogenicity for cattle, by intracerebral (i.c.) inoculation, o...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Yoon Hee Lee, Michael J Stack, Claire Horrocks, Robert B Green, Melanie Chaplin, Marion M Simmons, Steve AC Hawkins, Richard Lockey, John Spiropoulos, John W Wilesmith and Gerald AH Wells
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:31
  34. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of even-toed ungulates. Serological diagnosis/surveillance of FMD presents several problems as there are seven serotypes worldwide and in the e...

    Authors: Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Nils Toft, Ingrid E Bergmann, Karl-Johan Sørensen, John Anderson, Viviane Malirat, Vincent N Tanya and Kenton L Morgan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:30
  35. Dogs are associated with more than 60 zoonotic diseases among which, parasitosis and, in particular, helminthosis, can pose serious public-health concerns worldwide. Many canine gastrointestinal parasites elim...

    Authors: Laura Rinaldi, Annibale Biggeri, Sabrina Carbone, Vincenzo Musella, Dolores Catelan, Vincenzo Veneziano and Giuseppe Cringoli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:29
  36. The rate of pubertal development and weaning to estrus interval are correlated and affect reproductive efficiency of swine. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for age of puberty, nipple number and ovulation rate ha...

    Authors: Dan J Nonneman, Tommy H Wise, J Joe Ford, Larry A Kuehn and Gary A Rohrer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:28
  37. Colic is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in domesticated horses yet many questions about this condition remain to be answered. One such question is: does season have an effect on the occurrence o...

    Authors: Debra C Archer, Gina L Pinchbeck, Christopher J Proudman and Helen E Clough
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:27
  38. In November 2002, an anonymous postal survey of sheep farmers in Great Britain (GB) was conducted to identify factors associated with the flock-level occurrence of scrapie. This survey was undertaken to update...

    Authors: K Marie McIntyre, Simon Gubbins, S Kumar Sivam and Matthew Baylis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:25
  39. The genetic diversity of Anaplasma platys (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) strains is currently poorly defined. The present study was designed to characterize A. patys strains in dogs from Palermo, Sicily, Italy,...

    Authors: José de la Fuente, Alessandra Torina, Victoria Naranjo, Silviane Nicosia, Angelina Alongi, Francesco La Mantia and Katherine M Kocan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:24
  40. Porcine congenital splayleg (PCS) is the most important congenital condition of piglets, associated with lameness and immobility, of unknown aetiology and pathogenesis, hence the need to better understand the ...

    Authors: Peck-Toung Ooi, Nuno da Costa, Julia Edgar and Kin-Chow Chang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:23
  41. Diarrhea and mortality resulting from infections with enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are of major economic importance in the rabbit meat industry. There is a growing need for an effective vaccine to cop...

    Authors: Tim Stakenborg, Dominique Vandekerchove, Jonas Mariën, Hans Laevens, Hein Imberechts and Johan Peeters
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:22
  42. Scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) belongs to the group of animal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). BSE epidemic in the UK and elsewhere in Europe has been linked to the use of bov...

    Authors: Loredana Ingrosso, Beatriz Novoa, Andrea Z Dalla Valle, Franco Cardone, Raquel Aranguren, Marco Sbriccoli, Simona Bevivino, Marcello Iriti, Quanguo Liu, Vito Vetrugno, Mei Lu, Franco Faoro, Salvatore Ciappellano, Antonio Figueras and Maurizio Pocchiari
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:21
  43. Because the incubation period of scrapie has a strong host genetic component and a dose-response relationship, it is possible that changes will occur during an outbreak, especially in the genotypes of cases, a...

    Authors: K Marie McIntyre, Simon Gubbins, Wilfred Goldmann, Emily Stevenson and Matthew Baylis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:20
  44. Diagnosis based on prion detection in lymph nodes of sheep and goats can improve active surveillance for scrapie and, if it were circulating, for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). With sizes that allow r...

    Authors: Jan PM Langeveld, Jorg G Jacobs, Jo HF Erkens, Alex Bossers, Fred G van Zijderveld and Lucien JM van Keulen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:19
  45. DNA vaccination has been shown to elicit specific cellular and humoral immune responses to many different agents in a broad variety of species. However, looking at a commercial use, the duration of the immune ...

    Authors: Karolien Loots, Bart Vleugels, Ellen Ons, Daisy Vanrompay and Bruno Maria Goddeeris
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:18

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