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  1. Serologic surveillance of Avian Influenza (AI) viruses is carried out by the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test using reference reagents. This method is recommended by animal health organizations as a stand...

    Authors: Magdalena Escorcia, Karol Carrillo-Sánchez, Santiago March-Mifsut, Joaquin Chapa, Eduardo Lucio and Gerardo M Nava
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:57
  2. Beef suckler farms (194 farms throughout 13 counties) were assessed once with housed cattle and once with cattle at grass using an animal welfare index (AWI). Twenty-three of the 194 farms were revisited a yea...

    Authors: Mickael Mazurek, Daniel J Prendiville, Mark A Crowe, Isabelle Veissier and Bernadette Earley
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:55
  3. To study the role of African buffalos (Syncerus caffer) in the maintenance of foot-and-mouth disease in Uganda, serum samples were collected from 207 African buffalos, 21 impalas (Aepyceros melampus), 1 giraffe (

    Authors: Chrisostom Ayebazibwe, Frank N Mwiine, Kirsten Tjørnehøj, Sheila N Balinda, Vincent B Muwanika, Anna R Ademun Okurut, Graham J Belsham, Preben Normann, Hans R Siegismund and Soren Alexandersen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:54
  4. Various clinical protocols have been developed to aid in the clinical diagnosis of classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), which is confirmed by postmortem examinations based on vacuolation and accum...

    Authors: Timm Konold, A Robin Sayers, Amanda Sach, Gemma E Bone, Steven van Winden, Gerald AH Wells, Marion M Simmons, Michael J Stack, Angus Wear and Steve AC Hawkins
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:53
  5. Chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger) are popular as pets and are often used as laboratory animals for various studies. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major infectious agent that causes otitis media, pneumonia, septicaem...

    Authors: Yasuko Hirakawa, Hiraku Sasaki, Eiichi Kawamoto, Hiroki Ishikawa, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Naoki Aoyama, Koh Kawasumi and Hiromi Amao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:52
  6. The roe deer is the most abundant and widespread wild Eurasian cervid. Its populations are expanding and increasingly in contact with livestock. This may affect the distribution of infectious diseases shared w...

    Authors: Mariana Boadella, Tania Carta, Álvaro Oleaga, Gerardo Pajares, Marta Muñoz and Christian Gortázar
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:51
  7. Bovine tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, afflicts approximately 50 million cattle worldwide and is detected by the tuberculin skin test (TST). While it has long been recognized that purified protein de...

    Authors: Bryan Rennie, Lionel G Filion and Nonie Smart
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:50
  8. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are fatal neurodegenerative disease occurring in animals and humans for which no ante-mortem diagnostic test in biological fluids is available. In such pathologies, detec...

    Authors: Isabelle Batxelli-Molina, Nicolas Salvetat, Olivier Andréoletti, Luc Guerrier, Guillaume Vicat, Franck Molina and Chantal Mourton-Gilles
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:49
  9. The presence of Salmonella enterica serovars in feed ingredients, products and processing facilities is a well recognized problem worldwide. In Norwegian feed factories, strict control measures are implemented to...

    Authors: Olivier Habimana, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Lene K Vestby, Live L Nesse and Even Heir
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:48
  10. Postpartum endometritis in cattle is a multifactorial disease with high economic impact. Both, clinical endometritis (CE) and subclinical endometritis (SCE) result in decreased reproductive performance. Result...

    Authors: Toschi B Kaufmann, Marc Drillich, Bernd-Alois Tenhagen and Wolfgang Heuwieser
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:47
  11. Various intramammary suspensions containing cloxacillin benzathine are registered for use in cattle as antibiotics for intramammary use at drying off. To ensure antibacterial efficacy, the glandular tissue con...

    Authors: Manfred Kietzmann, Frank Niedorf and Jacques Gossellin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:46
  12. Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is defined as the presence of hematopoietic stem cells such as erythroid and myeloid lineage plus megakaryocytes in extramedullary sites like liver, spleen and lymph nodes an...

    Authors: Fabrizio Grandi, Marcia M Colodel, Lidianne N Monteiro, João Rafael VP Leão and Noeme S Rocha
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:45
  13. Within the European Union the use of growth promoting agents in animal production is prohibited. Illegal use of natural prohormones like dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is hard to prove since prohormones are str...

    Authors: Jeroen CW Rijk, Ad ACM Peijnenburg, Peter JM Hendriksen, Johan M Van Hende, Maria J Groot and Michel WF Nielen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:44
  14. The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, affects livestock production in many regions of the world. Up to now, the widespread use of chemical acaricides has led to the selection of acaricide-resistan...

    Authors: Milagros Vargas, Carlos Montero, Dunia Sánchez, Danny Pérez, Mario Valdés, Aymé Alfonso, Marisdania Joglar, Héctor Machado, Elsa Rodríguez, Luis Méndez, Ricardo Lleonart, Marisela Suárez, Erlinda Fernández, Mario P Estrada, Alina Rodríguez-Mallón and Omar Farnós
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:43
  15. Ontario provincial abattoirs have the potential to be important sources of syndromic surveillance data for emerging diseases of concern to animal health, public health and food safety. The objectives of this s...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, W Bruce McNab and Olaf Berke
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:42
  16. In a recent paper written by Hilbe et al (BMC vet res, 2009), the nature and specificity of the prion protein deposition in the kidney of feline species affected with feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE) wer...

    Authors: Stéphane Lezmi, Thierry GM Baron and Anna A Bencsik
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:41
  17. Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are receiving increasing attention because of their beneficial effects on human health, with milk and meat products derived from ruminants as important sources of CLA in the hu...

    Authors: Elda Dervishi, Carmen Serrano, Margalida Joy, Malena Serrano, Clementina Rodellar and Jorge H Calvo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:40
  18. Sixteen, spring-born, single suckled, castrated male calves of Limousin × Holstein-Friesian and Simmental × Holstein-Friesian dams respectively, were used to investigate the effect of weaning on total leukocyt...

    Authors: EM Lynch, B Earley, M McGee and S Doyle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:39
  19. The transport of livestock can have major implications for their welfare, and there is strong public interest and scientific endeavour aimed at ensuring that the welfare of transported animals is optimal. The ...

    Authors: Bernadette Earley, Margaret Murray and Daniel J Prendiville
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:38
  20. Weaning involves the permanent separation of the calf from the dam and has been shown to be stressful for both. The objectives of this study were to characterise the effect of i) abrupt weaning and ii) subsequ...

    Authors: Eilish M Lynch, Bernadette Earley, Mark McGee and Sean Doyle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:37
  21. Escherichia coli serogroup O157:H7 has emerged as an important zoonotic bacterial pathogen, causing a range of symptoms from self-limiting bloody diarrhea to severe hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndro...

    Authors: Sangeeta Khare, Walid Alali, Shuping Zhang, Doris Hunter, Roberta Pugh, Ferric C Fang, Stephen J Libby and L Garry Adams
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:35
  22. Canine behavioural problems, in particular aggression, are important reasons for euthanasia of otherwise healthy dogs. Aggressive behaviour in dogs also represents an animal welfare problem and a public threat...

    Authors: Jørn Våge, Tina B Bønsdorff, Ellen Arnet, Aage Tverdal and Frode Lingaas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:34
  23. Squirrel poxvirus (SQPV) is highly pathogenic to red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris), and is a significant contributing factor to the local extinction of the species in most parts of England and Wales, where infecti...

    Authors: Janus W Atkin, Alan D Radford, Karen P Coyne, Jenny Stavisky and Julian Chantrey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:33
  24. Ruminant mycoplasmoses are important diseases worldwide and several are listed by the World Organization for Animal Health to be of major economic significance. In France the distribution of mycoplasmal specie...

    Authors: Myriam Chazel, Florence Tardy, Dominique Le Grand, Didier Calavas and François Poumarat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:32
  25. Currently, the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) of the subtype H5N1 is believed to have reached an endemic cycle in Vietnam. We used routine surveillance data on HPAIV H5N1 poultry outbreaks in ...

    Authors: Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Dirk U Pfeiffer and Joachim Otte
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:31
  26. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is divided into a European and North American genotype. East European PRRSV isolates have been found to be of the European genotype, but form differe...

    Authors: Uladzimir U Karniychuk, Marc Geldhof, Merijn Vanhee, Jan Van Doorsselaere, Tamara A Saveleva and Hans J Nauwynck
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:30
  27. In Zambia, translocation of wildlife from National Parks to private owned game ranches demands that only animals free of infectious diseases that could adversely affect the expansion of the wildlife industry s...

    Authors: Hetron M Munang'andu, Victor M Siamudaala, Wigganson Matandiko, Musso Munyeme, Mwelwa Chembensofu and Enala Mwase
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:29
  28. Bovine Tuberculosis (BTB) is a widespread and endemic disease of cattle in Ethiopia. Information relating to genotypic characteristics of Mycobacterium bovis strains affecting the cattle population in Ethiopia is...

    Authors: Demelash Biffa, Eystein Skjerve, James Oloya, Asseged Bogale, Fekadu Abebe, Ulf Dahle, Jon Bohlin and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:28
  29. Fleece rot (FR) and body-strike of Merino sheep by the sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina are major problems for the Australian wool industry, causing significant losses as a result of increased management costs coupl...

    Authors: Wendy JM Smith, Yutao Li, Aaron Ingham, Eliza Collis, Sean M McWilliam, Tom J Dixon, Belinda J Norris, Suzanne I Mortimer, Robert J Moore and Antonio Reverter
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:27
  30. The bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic presented homogeneity of the phenotype. This classical BSE (called C-type) was probably due to the contamination of the food chain by a single prion strain. ...

    Authors: Alexandre Dobly, Jan Langeveld, Lucien van Keulen, Caroline Rodeghiero, Stéphanie Durand, Riet Geeroms, Patrick Van Muylem, Jessica De Sloovere, Emmanuel Vanopdenbosch and Stefan Roels
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:26
  31. Susceptibility of sheep to scrapie infection is known to be modulated by the PrP genotype of the animal. In the Netherlands an ambitious scrapie control programme was started in 1998, based on genetic selectio...

    Authors: Thomas J Hagenaars, Marielle B Melchior, Alex Bossers, Aart Davidse, Bas Engel and Fred G van Zijderveld
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:25
  32. Following EU decision 2003/100/EC Member States have recently implemented sheep breeding programmes to reduce the prevalence of sheep with TSE susceptible prion genotypes. The present paper investigates the pr...

    Authors: Marielle B Melchior, Jack J Windig, Thomas J Hagenaars, Alex Bossers, Aart Davidse and Fred G van Zijderveld
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:24
  33. Genetic predisposition to scrapie in sheep is associated with several variations in the peptide sequence of the prion protein gene (PRNP). DNA-based tests for scoring PRNP codons are essential tools for eradicati...

    Authors: Michael P Heaton, Kreg A Leymaster, Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Brad A Freking, Timothy PL Smith, Michael L Clawson and William W Laegreid
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:23
  34. In contrast to most pastoral systems, the Somali livestock production system is oriented towards domestic trade and export with seasonal movement patterns of herds/flocks in search of water and pasture and tow...

    Authors: Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Dirk U Pfeiffer, Stefano Tempia, F Tom Otieno, Hussein H Aden and Riccardo Costagli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:22
  35. Awareness of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) by cattle owners is of extreme importance to policy makers when considering mitigation. However, to our knowledge, little is known on cattle owners' awareness of BTB in Z...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, John B Muma, Hetron M Munang'andu, Clovice Kankya, Eystein Skjerve and Morten Tryland
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:21
  36. After bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) emerged in European cattle livestock in 1986 a fundamental question was whether the agent established also in the small ruminants' population. In Switzerland transm...

    Authors: Chantal Häusermann, Heinzpeter Schwermer, Anna Oevermann, Alice Nentwig, Andreas Zurbriggen, Dagmar Heim and Torsten Seuberlich
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:20
  37. Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the he...

    Authors: Alexandre Lejeune, Frank J Monahan, Aidan P Moloney, Bernadette Earley, Alistair D Black, Deirdre P Campion, Tanya Englishby, Petrina Reilly, John O'Doherty and Torres Sweeney
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:19
  38. In autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA), autoreactive antibodies directed against red blood cells are up-regulated, leading to erythrocyte death. Mycoplasma suis infections in pigs induce AIHA of both the warm an...

    Authors: Kathrin M Felder, Katharina Hoelzle, Karl Heinritzi, Mathias Ritzmann and Ludwig E Hoelzle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:18
  39. Since 2002, an active surveillance program for transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in small ruminants in European Union countries allowed identification of a considerable number of atypical cases with simi...

    Authors: Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez, Joseba M Garrido, Sonia Maza, Leyre Benedicto, Mariví Geijo, Nieves Gómez, Esmeralda Minguijón, Sylvie L Benestad and Ramón A Juste
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:17
  40. Cell adhesion is an important regulator of cell growth and motility. Recently the hepatocyte cell adhesion molecules 1 and 2 (HEPACAM1 and 2), members of the immunoglobulin family of adhesion genes, have been ...

    Authors: Robert Klopfleisch, Patricia Klose, Afonso da Costa, Leo Brunnberg and Achim D Gruber
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:15
  41. Atypical scrapie was first identified in Norwegian sheep in 1998 and has subsequently been identified in many countries. Retrospective studies have identified cases predating the initial identification of this...

    Authors: Marion M Simmons, Timm Konold, Lisa Thurston, Susan J Bellworthy, Melanie J Chaplin and S Jo Moore
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:14
  42. As there is limited information about the clinical signs of BSE and scrapie in goats, studies were conducted to describe the clinical progression of scrapie and BSE in goats and to evaluate a short clinical pr...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Gemma E Bone, Laura J Phelan, Marion M Simmons, Lorenzo González, Sílvia Sisó, Wilfred Goldmann, Saira Cawthraw and Steve AC Hawkins
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:13
  43. Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common management practice performed in the United States amounting to approximately 15 million procedures per year. Societal concern about the moral...

    Authors: Johann F Coetzee, Abbey L Nutsch, Laura A Barbur and Ryan M Bradburn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:12
  44. In Italy, anthrax is endemic but occurs sporadically. During the summer of 2004, in the Pollino National Park, Basilicata, Southern Italy, an anthrax epidemic consisting of 41 outbreaks occurred; it claimed th...

    Authors: Giuliano Garofolo, Andrea Ciammaruconi, Antonio Fasanella, Silvia Scasciamacchia, Rosanna Adone, Valentina Pittiglio and Florigio Lista
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:11
  45. The structure of contact between individuals plays an important role in the incursion and spread of contagious diseases in both human and animal populations. In the case of avian influenza, the movement of liv...

    Authors: Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Kim Lan Lai Thi, Quoc Hoang Dinh, Joachim Otte and Dirk U Pfeiffer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:10
  46. During the last decade, active surveillance for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in small ruminants has been intensive in Europe. In many countries this has led to the detection of cases of atypical s...

    Authors: Alexandre Fediaevsky, Cristiana Maurella, Maria Nöremark, Francesco Ingravalle, Stefania Thorgeirsdottir, Leonor Orge, Renaud Poizat, Maria Hautaniemi, Barry Liam, Didier Calavas, Giuseppe Ru and Petter Hopp
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:9
  47. The reduced drug accumulation based on enhanced drug efflux and metabolic capacity, identified in triclabendazole (TCBZ)-resistant Fasciola hepatica may contribute to the development of resistance to TCBZ. The ai...

    Authors: Laura Ceballos, Laura Moreno, Luis Alvarez, Laura Shaw, Ian Fairweather and Carlos Lanusse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:8

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