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  1. This report describes the results of clinical, ultrasonographic and computed tomographic examination of a 16-year-old goat with extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the thorax.

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Colin C Schwarzwald, Eva Forster, Mareike Becker-Birck, Nicole Borel and Stefanie Ohlerth
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:55
  2. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most prevalent pathogens to cause mastitis in dairy cattle. Intramammary infection of dairy cows with S. aureus is often subclinical, due to the pathogen's ability to evade the...

    Authors: Yunee Kim, Heba Atalla, Bonnie Mallard, Claude Robert and Niel Karrow
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:51
  3. Culture of M. bovis from diagnostic specimens is the gold standard for bovine tuberculosis diagnostics in the USA. Detection of M. bovis by PCR in tissue homogenates may provide a simple rapid method to complemen...

    Authors: Tyler C Thacker, Beth Harris, Mitchell V Palmer and Wade R Waters
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:50
  4. In order to optimise the cost-effectiveness of active surveillance to substantiate freedom from disease, a new approach using targeted sampling of farms was developed and applied on the example of infectious b...

    Authors: Sarah Blickenstorfer, Heinzpeter Schwermer, Monika Engels, Martin Reist, Marcus G Doherr and Daniela C Hadorn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:49
  5. Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is a severe chronic respiratory disease affecting horses worldwide, though mostly in the Northern hemisphere. Environmental as well as genetic factors strongly influence the ...

    Authors: Julien Racine, Vinzenz Gerber, Marybeth Miskovic Feutz, C Paige Riley, Jiri Adamec, June E Swinburne and Laurent L Couetil
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:48
  6. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC is the pathogenic agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), the most important disease of cattle in Africa causing significant economic losses. The re-emergence of ...

    Authors: Christiane Schnee, Martin Heller, Jörg Jores, Herbert Tomaso and Heinrich Neubauer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:47
  7. Dog population management is required in many locations to minimise the risks dog populations may pose to human health and to alleviate animal welfare problems. In many cities in India, Animal Birth Control (A...

    Authors: Lex R Hiby, John F Reece, Rachel Wright, Rajan Jaisinghani, Baldev Singh and Elly F Hiby
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:46
  8. The molecular mechanisms by which stress induces the development of pathologies remains unclear, although it is recognised that one of the major factors affecting health as a consequence of stress is the invol...

    Authors: Aran O'Loughlin, Mark McGee, Sinéad M Waters, Sean Doyle and Bernadette Earley
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:45
  9. A water based combination of 0.1% octenidine dihydrochloride and 2% 2 - phenoxyethanol is registered in many European countries as an antiseptic solution (octenisept®) for topical treatment with high antimicrobia...

    Authors: Jessica Stahl, Michael Braun, Joerg Siebert and Manfred Kietzmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:44
  10. The equine periodontium provides tooth support and lifelong tooth eruption on a remarkable scale. These functions require continuous tissue remodeling. It is assumed that multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells ...

    Authors: Niels Mensing, Hagen Gasse, Nina Hambruch, Jan-Dirk Haeger, Christiane Pfarrer and Carsten Staszyk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:42
  11. Clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are critical human pathogens and of increasing concern in food animals. Because of the apparent impact of age on prevalence of these organisms...

    Authors: J Scott Weese, Joyce Rousseau, Anne Deckert, Sheryl Gow and Richard J Reid-Smith
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:41
  12. Cardiac morphologic and functional changes consistent with cardiomyopathy have been reported in field cases of calves with accidental doxycycline overdosing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinicall...

    Authors: Mounir Brihoum, Frédéric Rollin, Daniel Desmecht, Johann Detilleux and Hélène Amory
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:40
  13. Calcium chloride solution is an established injectable sterilant in dogs and other mammals. With cat populations a continuing problem, we sought to explore its first use in cats. Six cats per group were inject...

    Authors: Kuladip Jana and Prabhat K Samanta
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:39
  14. Papillomaviruses (PVs) are a group of small, non-encapsulated, species-specific DNA viruses that have been detected in a variety of mammalian and avian species including humans, canines and felines. PVs cause ...

    Authors: Katherine Mitsouras, Erica A Faulhaber, Gordon Hui, Janis O Joslin, Curtis Eng, Margaret C Barr and Kristopher JL Irizarry
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:38
  15. In many regions of the world, wild mammals act as reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis, a situation that prevents the eradication of bovine tuberculosis. In order to observe whether a strain isolated from a wild boar...

    Authors: Virginia Meikle, María V Bianco, Federico C Blanco, Andrea Gioffré, Sergio Garbaccio, Lucas Vagnoni, Julio Di Rienzo, Ana Canal, Fabiana Bigi and Angel Cataldi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:37
  16. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases has generated renewed interest in recent times, as herbal preparations are increasingly being used in both human and animal healthcare systems. Diarrhoe...

    Authors: Nkechi V Offiah, Sunday Makama, Ishaku L Elisha, Micah S Makoshi, Jurbe G Gotep, Christiana J Dawurung, Olusola O Oladipo, Ann S Lohlum and David Shamaki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:36
  17. X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder characterized by abnormal development of tissues and organs of ectodermal origin caused by mutations in the EDA gene. The bovine EDA gene encodes the ectodys...

    Authors: Maria Gargani, Alessio Valentini and Lorraine Pariset
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:35
  18. The grey partridge is an important game bird in Europe that has declined considerably over the last decades. The production and release of farm-bred birds can be threatened by infectious agents. The objective ...

    Authors: Frantisek Vitula, Lucie Peckova, Hana Bandouchova, Miroslav Pohanka, Ladislav Novotny, David Jira, Jiri Kral, Karel Ondracek, Jitka Osickova, Dagmar Zendulkova, Katerina Rosenbergova, Frantisek Treml and Jiri Pikula
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:34
  19. Malignant canine mammary tumors represent 50% of all neoplasms in female dogs. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are thought to be involved in tumor progressi...

    Authors: Luca Aresu, Mery Giantin, Emanuela Morello, Marta Vascellari, Massimo Castagnaro, Rosa Lopparelli, Vanessa Zancanella, Anna Granato, Spiridione Garbisa, Arianna Aricò, Alice Bradaschia, Franco Mutinelli and Mauro Dacasto
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:33
  20. Peste des petits ruminants is an endemic disease of sheep and goats in Nigeria and vaccination has been the method of control but sporadic outbreaks have been reported. This study was carried out to characteri...

    Authors: Pam D Luka, Joseph Erume, Frank N Mwiine, Chrisostom Ayebazibwe and David Shamaki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:32
  21. The United Kingdom (UK) government has been recording the births, deaths, and movements of cattle for the last decade. Despite reservations about the accuracy of these data, they represent a large and valuable...

    Authors: Matthew C Vernon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:31
  22. In years past, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has been frequently detected in pigs in Europe, North America and Asia. Recent, yet sporadic studies have revealed a low occurrence of MRSA in Switzerland. In...

    Authors: Gudrun Overesch, Sabina Büttner, Alexandra Rossano and Vincent Perreten
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:30
  23. The epidemiological situation of ovine chlamydial infections in continental Europe, especially Germany is poorly characterised. Using the German state of Thuringia as a model example, the chlamydial sero- and ...

    Authors: Hannah Lenzko, Udo Moog, Klaus Henning, Robert Lederbach, Roland Diller, Christian Menge, Konrad Sachse and Lisa D Sprague
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:29
  24. There is considerable international research regarding the link between human demographics and pet ownership. In several international studies, pet ownership was associated with household demographics includin...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Tracy A Clegg, Daniel M Collins, Guy McGrath and Simon J More
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:28
  25. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by an intracellular parasite Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent, is considered to be anthroponotic. The role of domestic animals in its transmission is still unclea...

    Authors: Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Debashis Ghosh, Md Gulam Musawwir Khan, Mohammad Faizul Islam, Dinesh Mondal, Makoto Itoh, Md Nurul Islam and Rashidul Haque
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:27
  26. Horses develop recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) that resembles human bronchial asthma. Differentiated primary equine bronchial epithelial cells (EBEC) in culture that closely mimic the airway cells in vivo woul...

    Authors: Getu Abraham, Claudia Zizzadoro, Johannes Kacza, Christin Ellenberger, Vanessa Abs, Jana Franke, Heinz-Adolf Schoon, Johannes Seeger, Yohannes Tesfaigzi and Fritz R Ungemach
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:26
  27. The retina is part of the diencephalon in a peripheral location and may be involved in prion diseases. Retinal function and structural changes were assessed in naturally scrapie-affected red face Manech ewes p...

    Authors: Alain Regnier, Olivier Andreoletti, Olivier Albaric, Delphine Cayez Gruson, François Schelcher and Pierre-Louis Toutain
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:25
  28. Both O157 and non-O157 Shiga toxin - producing Escherichia coli (STECs) cause serious human disease outbreaks through the consumption of contaminated foods. Cattle are considered the main reservoir but it is uncl...

    Authors: Danica Baines, Stephanie Erb, Kelly Turkington, Gretchen Kuldau, Jean Juba, Luke Masson, Alberto Mazza and Ray Roberts
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:24
  29. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 0.5 fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and >0.95 FiO2 on pulmonary gas exchange, shunt fraction and oxygen delivery (DO2) in dorsally recumbent horses durin...

    Authors: John AE Hubbell, Turi K Aarnes, Richard M Bednarski, Phillip Lerche and William W Muir
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:23
  30. Complete transposition of the great arteries is a congenital cardiac malformation occasionally encountered in cattle and other species. The objective of the present report was to provide a detailed clinical, e...

    Authors: Walter Grünberg, Leonie WL van Bruggen, Susanne WF Eisenberg, Erik AWS Weerts and Alan Wolfe
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:22
  31. Multiple congenital ocular anomalies (MCOA) syndrome is a hereditary congenital eye defect that was first described in Silver colored Rocky Mountain horses. The mutation causing this disease is located within ...

    Authors: Lisa S Andersson, Jeanette Axelsson, Richard R Dubielzig, Gabriella Lindgren and Björn Ekesten
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:21
  32. Interspecific recombinant viruses R1ΔgC and R2ΔgI were isolated after in vitro co-infection with BoHV-1 and BoHV-5, two closely related alphaherpesviruses that infect cattle. The genetic characterization of R1ΔgC...

    Authors: Maria P Del Medico Zajac, Sonia A Romera, María F Ladelfa, Fiorella Kotsias, Fernando Delgado, Julien Thiry, François Meurens, Günther Keil, Etienne Thiry and Benoît Muylkens
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:19
  33. From 2001-2003 monodon slow growth syndrome (MSGS) caused severe economic losses for Thai shrimp farmers who cultivated the native, giant tiger shrimp, and this led them to adopt exotic stocks of the domestica...

    Authors: Wattana Panphut, Saengchan Senapin, Siriporn Sriurairatana, Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul and Timothy W Flegel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:18
  34. Lyme disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex is an important endemic zoonosis whose distribution is closely related to the main ixodid tick vectors. In China, isolated cases of Lyme disease infe...

    Authors: Qingli Niu, Guiquan Guan, Jifei Yang, Yuguang Fu, Zongke Xu, Youquan Li, Miling Ma, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Aihong Liu, Qiaoyun Ren, Wayne Jorgensen, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:17

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:56

  35. Anecdotal reports and a few scientific publications suggest that flyovers of helicopters at low altitude may elicit fear- or anxiety-related behavioral reactions in grazing feral and farm animals. We investiga...

    Authors: Franz Josef van der Staay, Martin Joosse, Henk van Dijk, Teun Schuurman and Jan van der Meulen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:16
  36. Azathioprine is used as an immunosuppressant in canine immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA), but this potentially toxic and carcinogenic drug has not been proven to be beneficial. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Christine J Piek, Willem Evert van Spil, Greet Junius and Aldo Dekker
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:15
  37. New and emerging diseases of livestock may impact animal welfare, trade and public health. Early detection of outbreaks can reduce the impact of these diseases by triggering control measures that limit the num...

    Authors: Kieran Hyder, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Joanna Lawes, A Robin Sayers, Ailsa Milnes, Linda Hoinville and Alasdair JC Cook
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:14
  38. It has become widely accepted that whenever animals are used in scientific procedures, the 3Rs principle of replacement, reduction and refinement described by William Russell and Rex Burch should be adhered to...

    Authors: Claire A Coulter, Paul A Flecknell, Matthew C Leach and Claire A Richardson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:12
  39. Primary diseases of the omasum are uncommon in goats, although the omasum may be involved in various gastrointestinal disorders. Examination of the caprine omasum via ultrasonography requires a good understand...

    Authors: Ueli Braun and Désirée Jacquat
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:11
  40. Since 2006, cases of haemorrhagic diathesis in young calves have been observed with a much higher incidence than previously known. The syndrome, now uniformly called Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP), is char...

    Authors: Annette Friedrich, Mathias Büttner, Günter Rademacher, Wolfgang Klee, Bianca K Weber, Matthias Müller, Annette Carlin, Aryan Assad, Angela Hafner-Marx and Carola M Sauter-Louis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:10
  41. European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) are an invasive bird species known to cause damage to plant and animal agriculture. New evidence suggests starlings may also contribute to the maintenance and spread of disea...

    Authors: James C Carlson, Richard M Engeman, Doreene R Hyatt, Rickey L Gilliland, Thomas J DeLiberto, Larry Clark, Michael J Bodenchuk and George M Linz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:9
  42. Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is a member of the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae responsible for meningo-encephalitis in young cattle. The first case of bovine meningo-encephalitis associated with a herpesvirus infe...

    Authors: Silvina S Maidana, María F Ladelfa, Sandra E Pérez, Patricia M Lomónaco, María P Del Médico Zajac, Anselmo Odeón, Javier Blanco Viera, Gustavo Combessies, Norberto Fondevila, María Palacios, Julien Thiry, Benoît Muylkens, Etienne Thiry and Sonia A Romera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:8
  43. Domestic goats (Capra hircus) are a natural and experimental host of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) of sheep and cattle. Goats are also susceptib...

    Authors: Katherine I O'Rourke, Dongyue Zhuang, Thomas C Truscott, Huijan Yan and David A Schneider
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:7
  44. Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CNS) are of increasing importance to animal and public health. In veterinary medicine and along the meat and milk production line, only limited data w...

    Authors: Helen Huber, Dominik Ziegler, Valentin Pflüger, Guido Vogel, Claudio Zweifel and Roger Stephan
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:6
  45. Since Francisella noatunensis was first isolated from cultured Atlantic cod in 2004, it has emerged as a global fish pathogen causing disease in both warm and cold water species. Outbreaks of francisellosis occur...

    Authors: Øyvind J Brevik, Karl F Ottem and Are Nylund
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:5

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