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  1. Echocardiography and intra-cardiac dimensions have not previously been reported in adult camels despite its potential application for medical purpose. The aim of this study was to describe the results of a pro...

    Authors: Mohamed Tharwat, Fahd Al-Sobayil, Ahmed Ali and Sébastien Buczinski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:130
  2. Corticosteroids are illegally used in several countries as growth promoters in veal calves and beef cattle, either alone or in association with sex steroids and β-agonists, especially at low dosages and primar...

    Authors: Marta Vascellari, Katia Capello, Annalisa Stefani, Giancarlo Biancotto, Letizia Moro, Roberto Stella, Giandomenico Pozza and Franco Mutinelli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:129
  3. Canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a malignant tumor with poor long-term prognosis due to development of metastasis despite aggressive treatment. The phosphatidyl-inositol-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamyc...

    Authors: Atsuko Murai, Samah Abou Asa, Atsushi Kodama, Akihiro Hirata, Tokuma Yanai and Hiroki Sakai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:128
  4. Enzyme treatment is the mainstay for management of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in dogs. ‘Enteric-coated’ preparations have been developed to protect the enzyme from degradation in the stomach, but ...

    Authors: Aran Mas, Peter-John M Noble, Peter J Cripps, Daniel J Batchelor, Peter Graham and Alexander J German
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:127
  5. Disk-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DA-CSM) is a multifactorial neurological disorder in which progressive caudal cervical spinal cord compression is mainly caused by one or more intervertebral disk p...

    Authors: Steven De Decker, Ingrid MVL Gielen, Luc Duchateau, Holger A Volk and Luc ML Van Ham
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:126
  6. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is a pathogen causing fatal illness in cats worldwide, and as such there is a high demand for products to protect against disease. The duration of immunity provided by an inactiva...

    Authors: Stephen Wilson, Juliet Greenslade, Gillian Saunders, Catherine Holcroft, Lynn Bruce, Andy Scobey, Tedd Childers, Gordon Sture and James Thompson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:125
  7. L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is a metabolic repair deficiency characterized by elevated levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Neurological signs associated with the diseas...

    Authors: Fabiana HG Farias, Rong Zeng, Gary S Johnson, G D Shelton, Dominique Paquette and Dennis P O’Brien
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:124
  8. Infectious diseases in plants, animals and humans are often transmitted indirectly between hosts (or between groups of hosts), i.e. via some route through the environment instead of via direct contacts between...

    Authors: Bram AD van Bunnik, Thomas J Hagenaars, Nico M Bolder, Gonnie Nodelijk and Mart CM de Jong
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:123
  9. The progression of scrapie is known to be influenced by the amino acid polymorphisms of the host prion protein (PrP) gene. There is no breeding programme for TSE resistance in sheep in Finland, but a scrapie c...

    Authors: Maria Hautaniemi, Hannele Tapiovaara, Sirkka-Liisa Korpenfelt and Liisa Sihvonen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:122
  10. The clinical use of autologous platelet concentrates (also known as platelet-rich plasma) on the field of regenerative therapy, in the last decade has been the subject of several studies especially in equine m...

    Authors: Raul F Silva, Jorge U Carmona and Cleuza MF Rezende
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:121
  11. Equine rhinitis viruses A and B (ERAV and ERBV) are common equine respiratory viruses belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Sero-surveillance studies have shown that these two viral infections are prevalent in ...

    Authors: Zhengchun Lu, Peter J Timoney, Jena White and Udeni BR Balasuriya
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:120
  12. Follicle numbers and developing ovarian morphology, particularly with reference to the presence of interstitial tissue, are intimately linked within the ovary of the African elephant during the period spanning...

    Authors: Fiona J Stansfield, Johan O Nöthling and William R Allen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:119
  13. In mammals, the ovarian follicular reserve is highly variable between individuals and impacts strongly on ovarian function and fertility. Nowadays, the best endocrine marker of this reserve in human, mouse and...

    Authors: Belén Lahoz, José L Alabart, Danielle Monniaux, Pascal Mermillod and José Folch
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:118
  14. Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117
  15. Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116
  16. Within the last decade, macrophages have been shown to be capable of differentiating toward a classically activated phenotype (M1) with a high antimicrobial potential or an alternatively activated phenotype (M...

    Authors: Kamila Kyrova, Hana Stepanova, Ivan Rychlik, Martin Faldyna and Jiri Volf
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:115
  17. The Orf virus (ORFV), a zoonotic Parapoxvirus, causes pustular skin lesions in small ruminants (goat and sheep). Intriguingly, ORFV can repeatedly infect its host, despite the induction of a specific immunity....

    Authors: Jörg Rohde, Frederic Emschermann, Michael R Knittler and Hanns-Joachim Rziha
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:114
  18. An inherited basis for congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) has been demonstrated in several small dog breeds. If in general both portocaval and porto-azygous shunts occur in breeds predisposed...

    Authors: Lindsay Van den Bossche, Frank G van Steenbeek, Robert P Favier, Anne Kummeling, Peter AJ Leegwater and Jan Rothuizen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:112
  19. Few equations have been developed in veterinary medicine compared to human medicine to predict body composition. The present study was done to evaluate the influence of weight loss on biometry (BIO), bioimpeda...

    Authors: Naida C Borges, Ricardo S Vasconcellos, Aulus C Carciofi, Karina N V Gonçalves, Francisco J A Paula, Daniel E Faria Filho and Júlio C Canola
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:111
  20. One of the main aims of forensic investigation is the detection and location of people and substances of interest, such as missing people and illegal drugs. Dogs (Canis lupus var. familiaris) have had an importan...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Roberto Permunian, Francis Gakuya, Matthew Mutinda, Ramón C Soriguer and Luca Rossi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:110
  21. Contagious agalactia (CA) of sheep and goats caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae is a widely occurring economically important disease that is difficult to control. The ELISA is commonly used for the serological detec...

    Authors: François Poumarat, Dominique Le Grand, Patrice Gaurivaud, Emilie Gay, Myriam Chazel, Yvette Game and Dominique Bergonier
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:109
  22. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is one of the most economically important freshwater fish, but its production is often affected by diseases that cause serious economic losses. To date, no good breeding varie...

    Authors: Jin Chen, Cai Li, Rong Huang, Fukuan Du, Lanjie Liao, Zuoyan Zhu and Yaping Wang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:108
  23. Alterations in lipid metabolism occur when animals are exposed to different feeding systems. In the last few decades, the characterisation of genes involved in fat metabolism and technological advances have en...

    Authors: Elda Dervishi, Margalida Joy, Albina Sanz, Javier Alvarez-Rodriguez, Francisco Molino and Jorge H Calvo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:106
  24. Control of currently circulating re-assorted low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 is a major concern for both animal and human health. Thus, an improved LPAI H9N2 vaccination strategy is needed to ind...

    Authors: Md Masudur Rahman, Erdenebileg Uyangaa, Young Woo Han, Seong Bum Kim, Jin Hyoung Kim, Jin Young Choi and Seong Kug Eo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:105
  25. This retrospective study describes the clinical and laboratory findings, treatment and outcome of 461 cattle with caecal dilatation.

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Christine Beckmann, Christian Gerspach, Michael Hässig, Evelyne Muggli, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer and Karl Nuss
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:75
  26. Since 2008, a progressive pneumonia has become prevalent in broilers and laying hens. This disease occurrs the first day after hatching and lasts more than 30 days, resulting in approximately 70% morbidity and...

    Authors: Qing Pan, Aijing Liu, Faming Zhang, Yong Ling, Changbo Ou, Na Hou and Cheng He
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:104
  27. Three species of feline haemoplasma are recognised: Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf), ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ (CMhm) and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis (CMt). This study compared a reverse line blot hy...

    Authors: Karla Georges, Chuckwudozi Ezeokoli, Tennille Auguste, Nisshi Seepersad, Akua Pottinger, Olivier Sparagano and Séverine Tasker
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:103
  28. To assess and to compare the renal volume evolution in bitches during pregnancy by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography using the ellipsoid technique (volume = length x width x depth x 0.523) and three-dimensi...

    Authors: Débora Sartori Mendonça, Rafael Fontoura Fernandes Moron, André Luiz Louzada Maldonado, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza and Antonio Fernandes Moron
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:102
  29. Use of plant ingredients in aquaculture feeds is impeded by high contents of antinutritional factors such as saponins, which may cause various pharmacological and biological effects. In this study, transcripto...

    Authors: Trond M Kortner, Stanko Skugor, Michael H Penn, Liv Torunn Mydland, Brankica Djordjevic, Marie Hillestad, Aleksei Krasnov and Åshild Krogdahl
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:101
  30. Eradication of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) through the application of test-and-cull programs is a declared goal of developed countries in which the disease is still endemic. Here, longitudinal data from more tha...

    Authors: Julio Alvarez, Andres M Perez, Javier Bezos, Carmen Casal, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Jose L Saez-Llorente, Rosa Diaz, Jesus Carpintero, Lucia de Juan and Lucas Domínguez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:100
  31. The occurrence of paratuberculosis in Ugandan cattle has recently been reported but there is no information on the strains of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) responsible for the disease. The...

    Authors: Julius Boniface Okuni, Chrysostomos I Dovas, Panayiotis Loukopoulos, Ilias G Bouzalas, David Patrick Kateete, Moses L Joloba and Lonzy Ojok
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:99
  32. The aim of this report was to describe the clinical signs, diagnostic approach, treatment and outcome in the case of a tiger with a deformity of the paw.

    Authors: Sheila C Rahal, Reinaldo S Volpi, Carlos R Teixeira, Vania MV Machado, Guilherme DP Soares, Carlos Ramires Neto and Kathleen Linn
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:98
  33. Spontaneous gastrointestinal neoplasms in non-human primates are commonly seen in aged individuals. Due to genetic similarities between human and non-human primates, scientists have shown increasing interest i...

    Authors: Mónica Aristizabal-Arbelaez, Julian Mejía-Restrepo, Mauricio Montoya-Flórez, Fabrizio Grandi and Francisco Pedraza-Ordóñez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:97
  34. Canine mast cell tumour proliferation depends to a large extent on the activity of KIT, a tyrosine kinase receptor. Inhibitors of the KIT tyrosine kinase have recently been introduced and successfully applied ...

    Authors: Robert Klopfleisch, Anja Meyer, Patricia Schlieben, Angelika Bondzio, Chris Weise, Dido Lenze, Michael Hummel, Ralf Einspanier and Achim D Gruber
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:96
  35. Melanocytic proliferations are common in horses but the diagnosis of malignancy is not always straightforward. To improve diagnosis and prognosis, markers of malignancy are needed. Receptor for activated C kin...

    Authors: Cécile Campagne, Sophia Julé, Florence Bernex, Mercedes Estrada, Geneviève Aubin-Houzelstein, Jean-Jacques Panthier and Giorgia Egidy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:95
  36. Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens are commonly associated with colitis in equids, but healthy carriers exist. Scarce information is available on the prevalence of Clostridium spp. in gastrointesti...

    Authors: Angelika Schoster, Luis Guillermo Arroyo, Henry Rolf Staempfli, Patricia Elisabeth Shewen and Jeffrey Scott Weese
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:94
  37. The use of electronic training devices for dog training is controversial. The aims of this study were to give an indication of the extent to which dog owners use these devices in England, identify factors asso...

    Authors: Emily J Blackwell, Christine Bolster, Gemma Richards, Bethany A Loftus and Rachel A Casey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:93
  38. The persistence of bovine TB (bTB) in various countries throughout the world is enhanced by the existence of wildlife hosts for the infection. In Britain and Ireland, the principal wildlife host for bTB is the...

    Authors: Joanne L Hardstaff, Mark T Bulling, Glenn Marion, Michael R Hutchings and Piran C L White
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:92
  39. The aim of the present study was to develop a haemolytic assay for the study of the complement system in dairy goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) and to characterize the major goat complement system proteins.

    Authors: Isabel Moreno-Indias, Alister W Dodds, Anastasio Argüello, Noemi Castro and Robert B Sim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:91
  40. Considerable evidence suggests that food impacts both the gastro-intestinal (GI) function and the microbial ecology of the canine GI tract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of high-carbohydr...

    Authors: Ingrid Hang, Teemu Rinttila, Jürgen Zentek, Anu Kettunen, Susanna Alaja, Juha Apajalahti, Jaana Harmoinen, Willem M de Vos and Thomas Spillmann
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:90
  41. Lactobacillus plantarum is a plant-associated bacterial species but it has also been found in human, mouse and porcine gastrointestinal tracts. It can ferment a broad spectrum of plant carbohydrates; it is tolera...

    Authors: Cheng Suo, Yeshi Yin, Xiaona Wang, Xiuyu Lou, Dafeng Song, Xin Wang and Qing Gu
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:89
  42. Abattoir condemnations may play an important role in a food animal syndromic surveillance system. Portion condemnation data may be particularly useful, as these data can provide more specific information on he...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, W W McNab and Olaf Berke
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:88
  43. Understanding normal gait requires allowing for variations in normal patterns by the sex, age, and species in question. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate kinetic and temporospatial parameters in...

    Authors: Felipe S Agostinho, Sheila C Rahal, Fábio A P Araújo, Renato T Conceição, Carlos A Hussni, Alexander O El-Warrak and Frederico O B Monteiro
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:87
  44. Mammary tumours are the most common malignancy diagnosed in female dogs and a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in this species. Carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15–3 is a mucinous glycoprotein aberrantly ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Manuali, Antonio De Giuseppe, Francesco Feliziani, Katia Forti, Cristina Casciari, Maria Chiara Marchesi, Eugenio Pacifico, Karol M Pawłowski, Kinga Majchrzak and Magdalena Król
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:86
  45. South American camelids in the United States have rapidly developed into an important agricultural industry in need of veterinary services. Pain management is challenging in camelids because there are no drugs...

    Authors: Amanda J Kreuder, Johann F Coetzee, Larry W Wulf, Jennifer A Schleining, Butch KuKanich, Lori L Layman and Paul J Plummer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:85
  46. Melatonin regulates several physiological processes and its powerful action as antioxidant has been widely reported. Melatonin acts modulating the immune system, showing a protective effect on the cardiovascul...

    Authors: Sergio Regodón, Asunción Ramos, María P Míguez, Antonio Carrillo-Vico, Juan A Rosado and Isaac Jardín
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:84
  47. Parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) was isolated from dairy buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) naturally affected with respiratory and reproductive clinical conditions.

    Authors: Silvina S Maidana, Patricia M Lomonaco, Gustavo Combessies, María I Craig, Julian Diodati, Daniela Rodriguez, Viviana Parreño, Osvaldo Zabal, José L Konrad, Gustavo Crudelli, Axel Mauroy, Etienne Thiry and Sonia A Romera
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:83
  48. This report describes the results of radiological, histological and molecular examination of three farm-reared red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) affected by candidiasis.

    Authors: Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macrì, Giuseppe Rapisarda, Florinda Basile, Stefano Reale and Fabio Marino
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:81

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