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  1. Pinnipeds, including many endangered and declining species, are inaccessible and difficult to monitor for extended periods using externally attached telemetry devices that are shed during the annual molt. Arch...

    Authors: Markus Horning, Martin Haulena, Pamela A Tuomi and Jo-Ann E Mellish
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:51
  2. Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. They may harbour a wide range of parasites with zoonotic potential, thus causing a health risk to humans. In Nigeria, epidemiological knowledge on these parasite...

    Authors: Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko, Liana Ariza and Jorg Heukelbach
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:49
  3. The between- and within-herd variability of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) antibodies were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 103 British pig herds conducted 2003–2004. Fif...

    Authors: Charlotte M Evans, Graham F Medley and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:48
  4. Rotavirus (RV), is a member of the Reoviridae family and an important etiological agent of acute viral gastroenteritis in the young. Rotaviruses have a wide host range infecting a broad range of animal species, h...

    Authors: Emily Mulherin, Jill Bryan, Marijke Beltman, Luke O'Grady, Eugene Pidgeon, Lucie Garon, Andrew Lloyd, John Bainbridge, Helen O'Shea, Paul Whyte and Séamus Fanning
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:46
  5. Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil is caused by the protozoan Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi and it is transmitted by sandfly of the genus Lutzomyia. Dogs are an important domestic reservoir, and control of the tr...

    Authors: BLA Verçosa, CM Lemos, IL Mendonça, SMMS Silva, SM de Carvalho, H Goto and FAL Costa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:45
  6. Vampire bats are important rabies virus vectors, causing critical problems in both the livestock industry and public health sector in Latin America. In order to assess the epidemiological characteristics of va...

    Authors: Yuki Kobayashi, Go Sato, Nobuyuki Mochizuki, Shinji Hirano, Takuya Itou, Adolorata AB Carvalho, Avelino Albas, Hamilton P Santos, Fumio H Ito and Takeo Sakai
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:44
  7. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a significant problem in some parts of Spain largely because of contacts between cattle and wildlife reservoirs in extensive grazing systems. European Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is o...

    Authors: Olaia Aurtenetxe, Marta Barral, Joaquín Vicente, José de la Fuente, Christian Gortázar and Ramón A Juste
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:43
  8. The design of veterinary and public health surveillance systems has been improved by the ability to combine Geographical Information Systems (GIS), mathematical models and up to date epidemiological knowledge....

    Authors: V Racloz, G Venter, C Griot and KDC Stärk
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:42
  9. Models of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) transmission have assumed a homogeneous landscape across which Euclidean distance is a suitable measure of the spatial dependency of transmission. This paper investigated...

    Authors: Paul R Bessell, Darren J Shaw, Nicholas J Savill and Mark EJ Woolhouse
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:40
  10. The syndrome of arachnomelia is an inherited malformation mainly of limbs, back and head in cattle. At present the arachnomelia syndrome has been well known mainly in Brown Swiss cattle. Nevertheless, the arac...

    Authors: Johannes Buitkamp, Bernhard Luntz, Reiner Emmerling, Horst-Dieter Reichenbach, Myriam Weppert, Benjamin Schade, Norbert Meier and Kay-Uwe Götz
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:39
  11. The epidemic form of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is generally considered to have been caused by a single prion strain but at least two strain variants of cattle prion disorders have recently been re...

    Authors: Martin Jeffrey, Belinda Baquero Perez, Stuart Martin, Linda Terry and Lorenzo González
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:38
  12. The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus; Scophthalmidae; Pleuronectiformes) is a flatfish species of great relevance for marine aquaculture in Europe. In contrast to other cultured flatfish, very few genomic resources a...

    Authors: Belén G Pardo, Carlos Fernández, Adrián Millán, Carmen Bouza, Araceli Vázquez-López, Manuel Vera, José A Alvarez-Dios, Manuel Calaza, Antonio Gómez-Tato, María Vázquez, Santiago Cabaleiro, Beatriz Magariños, Manuel L Lemos, José M Leiro and Paulino Martínez
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:37
  13. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases that affect several mammalian species. At least three factors related to the host prion protein are known to modulate susceptibil...

    Authors: Brian W Brunelle, Justin J Greenlee, Christopher M Seabury, Charles E Brown II and Eric M Nicholson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:36
  14. Neosporosis caused by the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum, is an economically important cause of abortion, stillbirth, low milk yield, reduced weight gain and premature culling in cattle. Consequently, a sero...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:35
  15. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Africa and Asia. In 1999, probably the largest survey on PPR ever conducted in Africa was initiated in Ethiopia where 13 651...

    Authors: Agnès Waret-Szkuta, François Roger, David Chavernac, Laikemariam Yigezu, Geneviève Libeau, Dirk U Pfeiffer and Javier Guitián
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:34
  16. In August 2006 a major epidemic of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV8) started off in North-West Europe. In the course of 2007 it became evident that BTV8 had survived the winter in North-West Europe, re-emerge...

    Authors: Armin RW Elbers, Johan Popma, Sandra Oosterwolde, Piet A van Rijn, Piet Vellema and Eugène MA van Rooij
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:33
  17. Canine cutaneous mast cell tumor (MCT) is a common neoplastic disease associated with a variable biologic behavior. Surgery remains the primary treatment for canine MCT; however, radiation therapy (RT) and che...

    Authors: Joshua D Webster, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, Douglas H Thamm, Elizabeth Hamilton and Matti Kiupel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:32
  18. Enteric Redmouth (ERM) disease also known as Yersiniosis is a contagious disease affecting salmonids, mainly rainbow trout. The causative agent is the gram-negative bacterium Yersinia ruckeri. The disease can be ...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Hatem Soliman and Mansour El-Matbouli
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:31
  19. Ingestion of the poisonous weed ragwort (Senecio jacobea) by horses leads to irreversible liver damage. The principal toxins of ragwort are the pyrrolizidine alkaloids that are rapidly metabolised to highly react...

    Authors: Rowan E Moore, Derek Knottenbelt, Jacqueline B Matthews, Robert J Beynon and Phillip D Whitfield
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:30
  20. Boar taint is the unpleasant odour and flavour of the meat of uncastrated male pigs that is primarily caused by high levels of androstenone and skatole in adipose tissue. Androstenone is a steroid and its leve...

    Authors: Maren Moe, Sigbjørn Lien, Christian Bendixen, Jakob Hedegaard, Henrik Hornshøj, Ingunn Berget, Theo HE Meuwissen and Eli Grindflek
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:29
  21. Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered ...

    Authors: Marcos G Godoy, Alejandra Aedo, Molly JT Kibenge, David B Groman, Carmencita V Yason, Horts Grothusen, Angelica Lisperguer, Marlene Calbucura, Fernando Avendaño, Marcelo Imilán, Miguel Jarpa and Frederick SB Kibenge
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:28
  22. The commercial poultry industry in United Kingdom (UK) is worth an estimated £3.4 billion at retail value, producing over 174 million birds for consumption per year. An epidemic of any poultry disease with hig...

    Authors: Jennifer E Dent, Rowland R Kao, Istvan Z Kiss, Kieran Hyder and Mark Arnold
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:27
  23. Mali is one of the most important livestock producers of the Sahel region of Africa. A high frequency of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) has been reported but surveillance and control schemes are restricted to abatt...

    Authors: Borna Müller, Benjamin Steiner, Bassirou Bonfoh, Adama Fané, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:26
  24. In 2006, an atypical U.S. case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was discovered in Alabama and later reported to be polymorphic for glutamate (E) and lysine (K) codons at position 211 in the bovine pri...

    Authors: Michael P Heaton, John W Keele, Gregory P Harhay, Jürgen A Richt, Mohammad Koohmaraie, Tommy L Wheeler, Steven D Shackelford, Eduardo Casas, D Andy King, Tad S Sonstegard, Curtis P Van Tassell, Holly L Neibergs, Chad C Chase Jr, Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Timothy PL Smith, Michael L Clawson…
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:25
  25. Biosecurity is at the forefront of the fight against infectious diseases in animal populations. Few research studies have attempted to identify and quantify the effectiveness of biosecurity against disease int...

    Authors: Ángel Ortiz-Pelaez and Dirk U Pfeiffer
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:24
  26. A genetic study was performed to identify candidate genes associated with day blindness in the standard wire haired dachshund. Based on a literature review of diseases in dogs and human with phenotypes similar...

    Authors: Anne Caroline Wiik, Ernst-Otto Ropstad, Ellen Bjerkås and Frode Lingaas
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:23
  27. Results regarding the use of bovine somatotropin for enhancing fertility in dairy cattle are variable. Here, the hypothesis was tested that a single injection of a sustained-release preparation of bovine somat...

    Authors: A Bell, OA Rodríguez, LA de Castro e Paula, MB Padua, J Hernández-Cerón, CG Gutiérrez, A De Vries and PJ Hansen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:22
  28. In many of the European countries affected by Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), case clustering patterns have been observed. Most of these patterns have been interpreted in terms of heterogeneities in ex...

    Authors: Lourens Heres, Dick J Brus and Thomas J Hagenaars
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:21
  29. Akabane virus is a member of the genus Orthobunyavirus in the family Bunyaviridae. It is transmitted by hematophagous arthropod vectors such as Culicoides biting midges and is widely distributed in temperate to t...

    Authors: Ryota Kono, Miki Hirata, Masaya Kaji, Yukitoshi Goto, Shogo Ikeda, Tohru Yanase, Tomoko Kato, Shogo Tanaka, Toshiyuki Tsutsui, Tadao Imada and Makoto Yamakawa
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:20
  30. The development of active surveillance programmes for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies of small ruminants across Europe has led to the recent identification of a previously undetected form of ovine pr...

    Authors: Alexandre Fediaevsky, Sue C Tongue, Maria Nöremark, Didier Calavas, Giuseppe Ru and Petter Hopp
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:19
  31. Mastitis in dairy cattle results from infection of mammary tissue by a range of micro-organisms but principally coliform bacteria and Gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus. The former species are o...

    Authors: Ylva C Strandberg Lutzow, Laurelea Donaldson, Christian P Gray, Tony Vuocolo, Roger D Pearson, Antonio Reverter, Keren A Byrne, Paul A Sheehy, Ross Windon and Ross L Tellam
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:18
  32. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), a member of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE), primarily affects cattle. Transmission is via concentrate feed rations contaminated with infected meat a...

    Authors: Mark P Dagleish, Stuart Martin, Philip Steele, Jeanie Finlayson, Sílvia Sisó, Scott Hamilton, Francesca Chianini, Hugh W Reid, Lorenzo González and Martin Jeffrey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:17
  33. The variability in the clinical or pathological presentation of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in sheep, such as scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), has been attributed to pri...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Gemma Bone, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Raul Tortosa, Andrew Davis, Glenda Dexter, Peter Hill, Martin Jeffrey, Marion M Simmons, Melanie J Chaplin, Susan J Bellworthy and Christine Berthelin-Baker
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:16
  34. Indication-based data on the use of antimicrobials in animals were collected using a prospective cross-sectional survey, similarly as for surveys carried out in human medicine, but adapting the questionnaire t...

    Authors: Katariina Thomson, Merja Rantala, Maria Hautala, Satu Pyörälä and Liisa Kaartinen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:15
  35. The risk of scrapie infection increases with increased duration and proximity of contact between sheep at lambing. Scrapie infectivity has not been detected in milk but cellular prion protein, the precursor of...

    Authors: Timm Konold, S Jo Moore, Susan J Bellworthy and Hugh A Simmons
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:14
  36. In scrapie and prion diseases, the knowledge concerning genes involved in host response during the early infection period in the lymphoid tissues, still remains limited. In the present study, we have examined ...

    Authors: Lars Austbø, Andreas Kampmann, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Elena Neumann, Ingrid Olsaker and Grethe Skretting
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:12
  37. Several forms of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) segregate in more than 100 breeds of dog with each PRA segregating in one or a few breeds. This breed specificity may be accounted for by founder effects and ...

    Authors: Thierry Vilboux, Gilles Chaudieu, Patricia Jeannin, Delphine Delattre, Benoit Hedan, Catherine Bourgain, Guillaume Queney, Francis Galibert, Anne Thomas and Catherine André
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:10
  38. In the recent past, the introduction of Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) followed by between-herd spread has given rise to a number of large epidemics in The Netherlands and Belgium. Both these countries are...

    Authors: Gert Jan Boender, Gonnie Nodelijk, Thomas J Hagenaars, Armin RW Elbers and Mart CM de Jong
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:9
  39. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of bronchial epithelium to airway inflammation, with focus on mRNA and protein expression of cytokines of innate immunity IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α, in horses...

    Authors: Miia Riihimäki, Amanda Raine, Jamshid Pourazar, Thomas Sandström, Tatiana Art, Pierre Lekeux, Laurent Couëtil and John Pringle
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:8
  40. The Gambia has an increasing population of equidae largely used for agriculture and transportation. A review of cases at The Gambian Horse and Donkey Trust (GHDT) indicated that a common reason for presentation i...

    Authors: Gina L Pinchbeck, Liam J Morrison, Andy Tait, Joanna Langford, Lucinda Meehan, Saloum Jallow, Jibril Jallow, Amadou Jallow and Robert M Christley
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:7
  41. Estimates of demographic parameters, such as age-specific survival and fecundity, age at first pregnancy and litter size, are required for roaming dogs (i.e. dogs that are neither confined nor restricted) to a...

    Authors: John F Reece, Sunil K Chawla, Elly F Hiby and Lex R Hiby
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:6
  42. Mass vaccination of owned domestic dogs is crucial for the control of rabies in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the proportion of households which own dogs, and of the factors associated with dog ownership, i...

    Authors: Darryn L Knobel, M Karen Laurenson, Rudovick R Kazwala, Lisa A Boden and Sarah Cleaveland
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:5
  43. Several studies have shown that a number of serovars of Salmonella enterica may be isolated from wild birds, and it has been suggested that wild birds may play a role in the epidemiology of human and livestock sa...

    Authors: Laura A Hughes, Sara Shopland, Paul Wigley, Hannah Bradon, A Howard Leatherbarrow, Nicola J Williams, Malcolm Bennett, Elizabeth de Pinna, Becki Lawson, Andrew A Cunningham and Julian Chantrey
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:4
  44. The effect of age on the bone mineral density and microarchitecture of the equine radius and tibia was investigated. Fifty-six bones from 15 horses aged four to 21 years were used. There were nine geldings and...

    Authors: A Fürst, D Meier, S Michel, A Schmidlin, L Held and A Laib
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:3
  45. The identification of the routes of dissemination of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 through a cohort of cattle is a critical step to control this pathogen at farm level. The aim of this study was to identify pot...

    Authors: Mary Murphy, Donal Minihan, James F Buckley, Micheál O'Mahony, Paul Whyte and Séamus Fanning
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:2
  46. The acute phase response is the immediate host response to infection, inflammation and trauma and can be monitored by measuring the acute phase proteins (APP) such as haptoglobin (Hp) or serum amyloid A (SAA)....

    Authors: Peter D Eckersall, Fraser P Lawson, Carol E Kyle, Mary Waterston, Laura Bence, Michael J Stear and Stewart M Rhind
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:1

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