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  1. Buserelin is a luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist used for the treatment of hormone-dependent diseases in males and females. However, the pharmacokinetics of buserelin in pigs and cows are no...

    Authors: Jingyuan Kong, Fuqin Su, Yu Liu, Yuxin Yang, Yuying Cao, Jicheng Qiu, Yue Wang, Lu Zhang, Jianzhong Wang and Xingyuan Cao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:136
  2. Responsible companion animal guardianship (RCAG) comprises a set of concepts involving activities, behavior and care that guardians must provide to ensure the welfare of their animals. When such principles are...

    Authors: Paulo Henrique Araújo Soares, Eduardo Sérgio da Silva, Klauber Menezes Penaforte, Renata Aparecida Nascimento Ribeiro, Marcella Oliveira Gama de Melo, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Ingrid Morselli Santos, Raissa Cotta Machado, Clara Lemos Carneiro Trindade, Anna Karolyna Rodrigues Cunha, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Vanessa Vilela de Aquino and Vinícius Silva Belo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:135
  3. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of endotracheal intubation on nasal and tracheal endogenous NO concentrations, gas exchange and oxygenation in horses undergoing general anaesthesia. In many s...

    Authors: Henriette L. Wilkens, Stephan Neudeck and Sabine B. R. Kästner
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:134
  4. Classical porcine parvovirus (PPV1) and novel porcine parvoviruses designated porcine parvovirus 2 through 7 (PPV2-PPV7) are widespread in pig populations. The objective of this study was to investigate the pr...

    Authors: Seung-Chai Kim, Jae-Hong Kim, Jae-Yeob Kim, Gyeong-Seo Park, Chang-Gi Jeong and Won-Il Kim
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:133
  5. Co-infection with the avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) and the reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) increases mutual viral replication, causing a more serious pathogenic effect by accelerating the progress...

    Authors: Xiyao Cui, Xinyue Zhang, Jingwen Xue, Yongxiu Yao, Defang Zhou and Ziqiang Cheng
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:131
  6. Many encouraging studies confirmed the ability of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles (ZnONPs) in accelerating bone growth and mineralization. The use of Platelet Rich-Fibrin (PRF) as a sole filling material for large se...

    Authors: Esraa Zalama, Gamal Karrouf, Awad Rizk, Basma Salama and Alaa Samy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:130
  7. Brucella spp. is an important zoonotic pathogen responsible for brucellosis in humans and animals. Brucella abortus A19 strain is a widespread vaccine in China. However, it has a drawback of residual virulence in...

    Authors: Chuan-Yu He, Yu-Zhuo Zhang, Meng-Zhi Liu, Hai-Long Zhao, Li-Song Ren, Bao-Shan Liu, Sun He and Ze-Liang Chen
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:128
  8. There were large outbreaks of high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) caused by clade H5N6 viruses in the winter of 2016–2017 in Japan, which caused large numbers of deaths among several endangered ...

    Authors: Kosuke Soda, Yukiko Tomioka, Chiharu Hidaka, Mayu Matsushita, Tatsufumi Usui and Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:127
  9. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the etiological agent of enzootic pneumonia, a highly infectious swine respiratory disease that distributed worldwide. The pathogenesis and virulence factors of M. h...

    Authors: Fei Hao, Xing Xie, Zhixin Feng, Rong Chen, Yanna Wei, Jin Liu, Qiyan Xiong, Guoqing Shao and Johnson Lin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:126
  10. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) caused by bovine alphaherpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) is one of the most important contagious diseases in bovine. This is one of the most common infectious disease of cattle. Thi...

    Authors: Zhichao Yu, Zhiguo Zhao, Linjun Chen, Han Yan, Qiang Cui, Xianghong Ju, Yanhong Yong, Xiaoxi Liu, Xingbin Ma and Guanhua Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:125
  11. Coronaviruses have the potential to cross species barriers. To learn the molecular intersections among the most common coronaviruses of domestic and close-contact animals, we analyzed representative coronaviru...

    Authors: Kingsley Bentum, Sage Shaddox, Crystal Ware, Gopal Reddy, Woubit Abebe, Raphael Folitse, Pamela Martin and Temesgen Samuel
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:124
  12. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a structural injury or physiological disruption of the brain induced by an external force. The cerebellum facilitates movement coordination and provides a sense of equilibrium; ...

    Authors: Masamichi YAMASHITA, Yusuke MURAHATA, Inoru YOKOE, Yoshiharu OKAMOTO and Tomohiro IMAGAWA
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:123
  13. Eugenol is the most commonly used plant anesthetic to relieve the stressors during various aquaculture procedures. This study aims to investigate the pharmacokinetics of eugenol in Pacific white shrimp by imme...

    Authors: Yunyu Tang, Haixin Zhang, Guangxin Yang, Changling Fang, Cong Kong, Liangliang Tian and Xuanyun Huang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:122
  14. Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (CIPF) is a chronic, progressive, interstitial fibrosing lung disease, manifesting as cough, exercise intolerance and ultimately, dyspnea and respiratory failure. It mainly...

    Authors: Rosemary E Maher, Merita Määttä, Robert J Beynon, Henna P Laurila, Paul S McNamara and Minna M Rajamäki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:121
  15. Swimmer puppy syndrome is a disease found in neonatal puppies mainly characterized by the inability to stand, but its direct cause is unknown. Since swimmer puppies were observed infrequently but continuously ...

    Authors: Mizuki Tomihari, Yuko Nobutoki, Nagachika Nakajima, Masashi Yanagawa, Michihito Tagawa, Koichi Hagiya, Tetsuro Nomura, Yoshinori Suwa and Hiroshi Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:120
  16. Imaging features obtained with Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) for corneal stromal disorders have been sparsely reported in dogs. This case report is...

    Authors: Sangwan Park, Lionel Sebbag, Bret A. Moore, M. Isabel Casanova, Brian C. Leonard, Nicole L. Daley, Kirsten A. Steele, Jennifer Y. Li, Christopher J. Murphy and Sara M. Thomasy
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:117
  17. Working dogs are at an increased risk of developing an orthopedic disease compared to companion dogs. This study aimed to evaluate functional and orthopedic index fitness in a Portuguese population of police w...

    Authors: João Carlos Agostinho Alves, Patrícia Isabel Figueiredo Jorge and Ana Margarida Moniz Pereira dos Santos
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:116
  18. Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of bovine mastitis worldwide. Despite some improved understanding of disease pathogenesis, progress towards new methods for the control of intramammary infections (IMI) ha...

    Authors: Bruno Campos, Amy C. Pickering, Lis Souza Rocha, Ananda Pereira Aguilar, Mary Hellen Fabres-Klein, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, J. Ross Fitzgerald and Andrea de Oliveira Barros Ribon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:115
  19. Trueperella pyogenes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are two important bacterial pathogens closely relating to the occurrence and development of forest musk deer respiratory purulent disease. Although T. pyogenes is t...

    Authors: Qin Chen, Kelei Zhao, Heyue Li, Kanghua Liu, Jing Li, Yiwen Chu, Balakrishnan Prithiviraj, Bisong Yue and Xiuyue Zhang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:114
  20. Campylobacteriosis is currently the most frequently reported zoonosis. Dogs, especially puppies or those with diarrhea, are considered a possible source of human infection. Probiotic bacteria, such as Lactobacill...

    Authors: Anna Tomusiak-Plebanek, Martyna Mruk, Sybilla Rząca, Magdalena Strus and Zbigniew Arent
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:112
  21. Interstitial lung disease is a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by severe radiographic changes and clinicopathological findings. However, in the vast majority of cases, the cause remains unknown.

    Authors: Barbara Colitti, Luca Manassero, Elena Colombino, Erica Ilaria Ferraris, Roberta Caccamo, Luigi Bertolotti, Alessio Bortolami, Francesco Bonfante, Valentina Papa, Giovanna Cenacchi, Fiorella Calabrese, Elena Bozzetta, Katia Varello, Maria Teresa Capucchio and Sergio Rosati
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:111
  22. Porcine parainfluenza virus 1 (PPIV-1) is a respiratory virus in the family Paramyxoviridae and genus Respirovirus. It is closely related to bovine parainfluenza virus 3, human parainfluenza virus 1, and Sendai v...

    Authors: Michael Welch, Karen Krueger, Jianqiang Zhang, Pablo Piñeyro, Ronaldo Magtoto, Chong Wang, Luis Giménez-Lirola, Erin Strait, Mark Mogler and Phillip Gauger
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:110
  23. Toxoplasma gondii causes reproductive losses in sheep worldwide, including Australia. The reproductive performance of primiparous ewes is typically lower than for mature, multiparous ewes, and younger ewes are mo...

    Authors: Thomas Clune, Amy Lockwood, Serina Hancock, Andrew N. Thompson, Mieghan Bruce, Sue Beetson, Angus J. Campbell, Elsa Glanville, Daniel Brookes, Colin Trengove, Ryan O’Handley and Caroline Jacobson
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:109
  24. Diabetes mellitus (DM) often leads to dangerous thromboembolic complications in humans. DM is also a relatively common endocrinopathy of dogs. There is scarce information regarding procoagulant and anticoagula...

    Authors: Andrzej Milczak, Dagmara Winiarczyk, Stanisław Winiarczyk, Diana Bochyńska, Łukasz Adaszek, Mateusz Winiarczyk and Roman Lechowski
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:108
  25. During parturition, animals exhibit variation in hormone levels, homeostasis disturbance and dysfunction of the immune system as a result of stress. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is responsible for the occur...

    Authors: Natalia Szeligowska, Paulina Cholewińska, Jakub Smoliński, Konrad Wojnarowski, Przemysław Pokorny, Katarzyna Czyż and Krystyna Pogoda-Sewerniak
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:107
  26. The interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRFs) were originally identified as transcription factors playing critical roles in the regulation of IFN-related genes in the signal pathway. In mammals, IRF4 plays a ...

    Authors: Yaoyao Zhu and Guiwen Yang
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:106
  27. The role of adenosine (AD) in neuromodulation of nociceptive signaling at the level of the spinal cord has been established in both preclinical and clinical models. Recently, the signaling pathway that involve...

    Authors: Mahmoud M. Abouelfetouh, Eman Salah, Lingling Liu, Mingxing Ding and Yi Ding
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:105
  28. The establishment of the piglet gut microbiome has a prolonged influence on host health, as it sets the stage for establishment of the adult swine microbiome. Substantial changes in host metabolism and immunit...

    Authors: Xinwei Xiong, Xianxian Liu, Zhangfeng Wang, Qiao Xu, Jiguo Xu and Yousheng Rao
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:104
  29. The oral acceptance of oclacitinib maleate (Apoquel®) chewable tablets administered twice daily for 7 days at the labeled dose range of 0.4–0.6 mg/kg was evaluated in 121 dogs treated at ten general practice v...

    Authors: Marike Visser, Kelly Walsh, Vickie King, Gordon Sture and Laura Caneva
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:103
  30. Prenatal and postnatal conditions are crucial for the development of calves. Primiparous cows are still maturing during pregnancy, thus competing with the nutritional needs of their offspring. Therefore, matur...

    Authors: Sarah Schwarzkopf, Asako Kinoshita, Liane Hüther, Laurenz Salm, Saskia Kehraus, Karl-Heinz Südekum, Korinna Huber, Sven Dänicke and Jana Frahm
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:102
  31. Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in domestic pigs and vervet monkeys is a risk factor for subsequent severe infections in domestic pigs and for dissemination to the human populati...

    Authors: John Bosco Kalule, Valeria Zalwango Nakintu and Simon Peter SSendawula
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:101
  32. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotypes 3 and 4 are zoonotic. In this study, HEV infection in laboratory Bama miniature pigs in Sichuan Province of China was investigated. Firstly, one hundred rectal swabs were coll...

    Authors: Baoyuan Liu, Yiyang Chen, Meimei Zhang, Tianxiang Chen, Yuan Zhang, DanBaZhaXi, Shixuan Xu, Qin Zhao and En-Min Zhou
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:99
  33. The present study was conducted to determine if using α2-adrenergic agonists results in decreased stress levels (lower cortisol levels) in goats used for laparoscopic embryo [somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)]...

    Authors: Seyed Morteza Aghamiri, Amir Saeed Samimi, Mehdi Hajian, Amir Masoud Samimi and Amin Oroumieh
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:98
  34. Sheep (Ovis aries) have been largely used as animal models in a multitude of specialties in biomedical research. The similarity to human brain anatomy in terms of brain size, skull features, and gyrification inde...

    Authors: Marco Trovatelli, Carlotta Spediacci, Antonella Castellano, Andrea Bernardini, Daniele Dini, Luca Malfassi, Valentina Pieri, Andrea Falini, Giuliano Ravasio, Marco Riva, Lorenzo Bello, Stefano Brizzola and Davide Danilo Zani
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:97
  35. Parvoviral enteritis (PE) is a viral gastrointestinal (GI) infection of dogs. Recovery from PE has been associated with persistent GI signs later in life. The objectives of this study were: (i) To determine wh...

    Authors: Kanae Sato-Takada, Anne M. Flemming, Maarten J. Voordouw and Anthony P. Carr
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:96
  36. Early bacterial colonization in puppies is still a poorly understood phenomenon. Although the topic is of considerable interest, a big gap in knowledge still exists on the understanding of timing and features ...

    Authors: Angela Del Carro, Michela Corrò, Alessia Bertero, Barbara Colitti, Penelope Banchi, Luigi Bertolotti and Ada Rota
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:95
  37. Full thickness skin grafts (FTSGs), although ideal for resurfacing large defects of the distal extremities in veterinary patients, have a high failure rate due to issues of adherence, infection and inadequate ...

    Authors: Dorcas Oyueley Kodie, Noah Segun Oyetayo, Oluwasanmi Olayinka Aina and Oghenemega David Eyarefe
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:94
  38. Mycobacteria are found in many environmental conditions and infect a variety of species, including rodents and rabbits. Guinea pigs are used experimentally as a model for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but natural m...

    Authors: David J. Minich, Alea Agrawal, Stephen A. Kania, Adrien-Maxence Hespel, Andrew Cushing, Dory Meraz and Julie Sheldon
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:93
  39. These days the number of potential food allergens is very large, but chicken is one of the most common allergens in dogs. Elimination diet is one of the clinical tools for the diagnosis of allergies and allerg...

    Authors: Wioletta Biel, Małgorzata Natonek-Wiśniewska, Jagoda Kępińska-Pacelik, Katarzyna Kazimierska, Ewa Czerniawska-Piątkowska and Piotr Krzyścin
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:92
  40. Multidrug- and methicillin-resistant staphylococci are both veterinary and public health concerns due to their zoonotic potential. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate patterns of antimicr...

    Authors: Jennifer Lord, Nick Millis, Rebekah Duckett Jones, Brian Johnson, Stephen A. Kania and Agricola Odoi
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:91
  41. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) leads to huge economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. The high levels of mutations of IBV render vaccines partially protective. Therefore, it is urgent to explore a...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Xiao-Yan Li, Bing-Sha Zhang, Li-Na Ren, Yan-Peng Lu, Jin-Wen Tang, Di Lv, Lu Yong, Li-Ting Lin, Zi-Xue Lin, Qin Mo and Mei-Lan Mo
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:90
  42. Cryptosporidium spp. are obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasites transmitted to humans and other animals by contaminated water, food, or direct contact. They mainly cause gastrointestinal symptoms, although...

    Authors: Ahmet Efe Köseoğlu, Hüseyin Can, Muhammet Karakavuk, Mervenur Güvendi, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Pumla Bhekiwe Manyatsi, Mert Döşkaya, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz and Cemal Ün
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:89
  43. Meningioma is the most common primary brain neoplasm in dogs. Further information is required regarding the expected long-term prognosis of dogs following the surgical resection of an intracranial meningioma t...

    Authors: Alexander K. Forward, Holger Andreas Volk, Giunio Bruto Cherubini, Tom Harcourt-Brown, Ioannis N. Plessas, Laurent Garosi and Steven De Decker
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:88
  44. Genital myasis is one of the most important diseases that affects the reproductive organs of Bactrian camels in which can cause serious mechanical damage to the vaginal tissue. The accumulation of bacteria in ...

    Authors: Likang Zhi, Dongdong Ai, Ming Yong, Huar Bao, Baoxiang Han, Bo Sun, Ya Tu and Demtu Er
    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2022 18:87

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