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  1. Genetic predisposition to scrapie in sheep is associated with several variations in the peptide sequence of the prion protein gene (PRNP). DNA-based tests for scoring PRNP codons are essential tools for eradicati...

    Authors: Michael P Heaton, Kreg A Leymaster, Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Brad A Freking, Timothy PL Smith, Michael L Clawson and William W Laegreid

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:23

    Content type: Methodology article

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  2. In contrast to most pastoral systems, the Somali livestock production system is oriented towards domestic trade and export with seasonal movement patterns of herds/flocks in search of water and pasture and tow...

    Authors: Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Dirk U Pfeiffer, Stefano Tempia, F Tom Otieno, Hussein H Aden and Riccardo Costagli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Awareness of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) by cattle owners is of extreme importance to policy makers when considering mitigation. However, to our knowledge, little is known on cattle owners' awareness of BTB in Z...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, John B Muma, Hetron M Munang'andu, Clovice Kankya, Eystein Skjerve and Morten Tryland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  4. After bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) emerged in European cattle livestock in 1986 a fundamental question was whether the agent established also in the small ruminants' population. In Switzerland transm...

    Authors: Chantal Häusermann, Heinzpeter Schwermer, Anna Oevermann, Alice Nentwig, Andreas Zurbriggen, Dagmar Heim and Torsten Seuberlich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite an increasing preference of consumers for beef produced from more extensive pasture-based production systems and potential human health benefits from the consumption of such beef, data regarding the he...

    Authors: Alexandre Lejeune, Frank J Monahan, Aidan P Moloney, Bernadette Earley, Alistair D Black, Deirdre P Campion, Tanya Englishby, Petrina Reilly, John O'Doherty and Torres Sweeney

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:19

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA), autoreactive antibodies directed against red blood cells are up-regulated, leading to erythrocyte death. Mycoplasma suis infections in pigs induce AIHA of both the warm an...

    Authors: Kathrin M Felder, Katharina Hoelzle, Karl Heinritzi, Mathias Ritzmann and Ludwig E Hoelzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Since 2002, an active surveillance program for transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in small ruminants in European Union countries allowed identification of a considerable number of atypical cases with simi...

    Authors: Ana B Rodríguez-Martínez, Joseba M Garrido, Sonia Maza, Leyre Benedicto, Mariví Geijo, Nieves Gómez, Esmeralda Minguijón, Sylvie L Benestad and Ramón A Juste

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:17

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Cell adhesion is an important regulator of cell growth and motility. Recently the hepatocyte cell adhesion molecules 1 and 2 (HEPACAM1 and 2), members of the immunoglobulin family of adhesion genes, have been ...

    Authors: Robert Klopfleisch, Patricia Klose, Afonso da Costa, Leo Brunnberg and Achim D Gruber

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Atypical scrapie was first identified in Norwegian sheep in 1998 and has subsequently been identified in many countries. Retrospective studies have identified cases predating the initial identification of this...

    Authors: Marion M Simmons, Timm Konold, Lisa Thurston, Susan J Bellworthy, Melanie J Chaplin and S Jo Moore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  10. As there is limited information about the clinical signs of BSE and scrapie in goats, studies were conducted to describe the clinical progression of scrapie and BSE in goats and to evaluate a short clinical pr...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Gemma E Bone, Laura J Phelan, Marion M Simmons, Lorenzo González, Sílvia Sisó, Wilfred Goldmann, Saira Cawthraw and Steve AC Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:13

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common management practice performed in the United States amounting to approximately 15 million procedures per year. Societal concern about the moral...

    Authors: Johann F Coetzee, Abbey L Nutsch, Laura A Barbur and Ryan M Bradburn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Italy, anthrax is endemic but occurs sporadically. During the summer of 2004, in the Pollino National Park, Basilicata, Southern Italy, an anthrax epidemic consisting of 41 outbreaks occurred; it claimed th...

    Authors: Giuliano Garofolo, Andrea Ciammaruconi, Antonio Fasanella, Silvia Scasciamacchia, Rosanna Adone, Valentina Pittiglio and Florigio Lista

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The structure of contact between individuals plays an important role in the incursion and spread of contagious diseases in both human and animal populations. In the case of avian influenza, the movement of liv...

    Authors: Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Kim Lan Lai Thi, Quoc Hoang Dinh, Joachim Otte and Dirk U Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  14. During the last decade, active surveillance for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in small ruminants has been intensive in Europe. In many countries this has led to the detection of cases of atypical s...

    Authors: Alexandre Fediaevsky, Cristiana Maurella, Maria Nöremark, Francesco Ingravalle, Stefania Thorgeirsdottir, Leonor Orge, Renaud Poizat, Maria Hautaniemi, Barry Liam, Didier Calavas, Giuseppe Ru and Petter Hopp

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The reduced drug accumulation based on enhanced drug efflux and metabolic capacity, identified in triclabendazole (TCBZ)-resistant Fasciola hepatica may contribute to the development of resistance to TCBZ. The ai...

    Authors: Laura Ceballos, Laura Moreno, Luis Alvarez, Laura Shaw, Ian Fairweather and Carlos Lanusse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Several cases of human infection caused by verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157:H7 in Sweden have been connected with cattle farm visits. Between 1996 and 2002, 18 farms were classified as the source ...

    Authors: Anna Aspán and Erik Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Domestic dogs and cats are very well known to develop chronic hepatic diseases, including hepatic lipidosis and cirrhosis. Ultrasonographic examination is extensively used to detect them. However, there are st...

    Authors: Andréia S Lessa, Bruno D Paredes, Juliana V Dias, Adriana B Carvalho, Luiz Fernando Quintanilha, Christina M Takiya, Bernardo R Tura, Guilherme FM Rezende, Antonio C Campos de Carvalho, Célia MC Resende and Regina CS Goldenberg

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Human breast cancer is classified by gene expression profile into subtypes consisting of two hormone (oestrogen and/or progesterone) receptor-positive types (luminal-like A and luminal-like B) and three hormon...

    Authors: Francesco Sassi, Cinzia Benazzi, Gastone Castellani and Giuseppe Sarli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:5

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A major determinant of influenza infection is the presence of virus receptors on susceptible host cells to which the viral haemagglutinin is able to bind. Avian viruses preferentially bind to sialic acid α2,3-...

    Authors: Rahul K Nelli, Suresh V Kuchipudi, Gavin A White, Belinda Baquero Perez, Stephen P Dunham and Kin-Chow Chang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:4

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Q fever, a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, is endemic in northern Spain where it has been reported as responsible for large series of human pneumonia cases and domestic ruminants' reproduc...

    Authors: Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Ianire Astobiza, Jesús F Barandika, Ana Hurtado, Raquel Atxaerandio, Ramón A Juste and Ana L García-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The efficacy of a single dose of an inactivated bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) - Parainfluenaza type 3 (PI3) - Mannheimia haemolytica (Mh) combination vaccine, in calves positive for maternal antibodie...

    Authors: Mirjam TW van der Sluijs, Eva M Kuhn and Birgit Makoschey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although several attempts have been made to control enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) at the local level, a nationwide control program has not been implemented in Japan, except for passive surveillance. Effective...

    Authors: Sota Kobayashi, Toshiyuki Tsutsui, Takehisa Yamamoto, Yoko Hayama, Ken-ichiro Kameyama, Misako Konishi and Kenji Murakami

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:1

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The use of Duddingtonia flagrans as a tool for the biological control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) is a promising alternative to anthelmintics. The chlamydospores of D. flagrans are orally dosed and their ...

    Authors: Nadia F Ojeda-Robertos, Juan FJ Torres-Acosta, Armín J Ayala-Burgos, Carlos A Sandoval-Castro, Rosa O Valero-Coss and Pedro Mendoza-de-Gives

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a dominant causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), a multifactorial disease complex with putative immunosuppressive characteristics. Little is ...

    Authors: Esther Steiner, Carole Balmelli, Heidi Gerber, Artur Summerfield and Kenneth McCullough

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:45

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Recent studies on geographic distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in Europe show that it has a wider range than previously thought. It is unclear, however, if the wider distribution is due to its recent sp...

    Authors: Pietro Calderini, Marta Magi, Simona Gabrielli, Alberto Brozzi, Susanna Kumlien, Goffredo Grifoni, Albertina Iori and Gabriella Cancrini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:44

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Biofilm has been shown to be one way for Salmonella to persist in the feed factory environment. Matrix components, such as fimbriae and cellulose, have been suggested to play an important role in the survival of

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Simon Ballance, Solveig Langsrud and Live L Nesse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:43

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In parts of Great Britain and Ireland, Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) constitute a reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis infection and a potential source of infection for cattle. In vitro diagnostic tests for live bad...

    Authors: Mark A Chambers, Sue Waterhouse, Konstantin Lyashchenko, Richard Delahay, Robin Sayers and R Glyn Hewinson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:42

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection is one of the main constraints to sheep production both in temperate and tropical countries. Economic losses caused by GIN are related to decreased production, treatme...

    Authors: Giuseppe Cringoli, Vincenzo Veneziano, Laura Mezzino, Mariaelena Morgoglione, Saverio Pennacchio, Laura Rinaldi and Vincenzo Salamina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cancer is a major cause of death in domestic animals. Furthermore, many forms of pet neoplasm resemble that of their human counterparts in biologic behaviour, pathologic expression, and recognised risk factors.

    Authors: Marta Vascellari, Elisa Baioni, Giuseppe Ru, Antonio Carminato and Franco Mutinelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:39

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Although the epidemiology of scrapie has been broadly understood for many years, attempts to introduce voluntary or compulsory controls to eradicate the disease have frequently failed. Lack of precision in def...

    Authors: Glenda Dexter, Sue C Tongue, Lindsay Heasman, Susan J Bellworthy, Andrew Davis, S Jo Moore, Marion M Simmons, A Robin Sayers, Hugh A Simmons and Danny Matthews

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:38

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Giardia duodenalis is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite that has emerged as a significant opportunistic human pathogen. G. duodenalis may have a deleterious effect on animal growth and performance, therefore its po...

    Authors: Bruce R Hoar, Robert R Paul, Jennifer Siembieda, Maria das Gracas C Pereira and Edward R Atwill

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:37

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Histopathological examinations of brains from healthy pigs have revealed localised vacuolar changes, predominantly in the rostral colliculus, that are similar to the neuropil vacuolation featured in the transm...

    Authors: Timm Konold, John Spiropoulos, Melanie J Chaplin, Leigh Thorne, Yvonne I Spencer, Gerald AH Wells and Steve AC Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:35

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The Age-Period-Cohort (APC) analysis is routinely used for time trend analysis of cancer incidence or mortality rates, but in veterinary epidemiology, there are still only a few examples of this application. A...

    Authors: Carole Sala and Giuseppe Ru

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:34

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Previous studies suggest that the spatial distribution of classical sheep scrapie in Great Britain is uneven and that certain flock characteristics may be associated with occurrence of the disease. However, th...

    Authors: Kim B Stevens, Victor J Del Río Vilas and Javier Guitián

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:33

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The internationally mandatory complement fixation test (CFT) for testing of equine sera for the absence of glanders has repeatedly led to discrepant results. Not only do "false positive" sera pose a problem fo...

    Authors: Lisa D Sprague, Reena Zachariah, Heinrich Neubauer, Renate Wernery, Maria Joseph, Holger C Scholz and Ulrich Wernery

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:32

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In a cross sectional study of 88 indoor and outdoor English pig farms, the prevalence of foot and limb lesions in 2843 preweaning piglets aged 1–4 weeks from 304 litters was recorded. The environmental risks f...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman, Pete Ossent and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:31

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Lesions on sows' limbs and bodies are an abnormality that might impact on their welfare. The prevalence of and risks for limb and body lesions on lactating sows on commercial English pig farms were investigate...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:30

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Several cases of myopathies have been observed in the horse Norman Cob breed. Muscle histology examinations revealed that some families suffer from a polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM). It is assumed that ...

    Authors: Eric Barrey, Elodie Mucher, Nicolas Jeansoule, Thibaut Larcher, Lydie Guigand, Bérénice Herszberg, Stéphane Chaffaux, Gérard Guérin, Xavier Mata, Philippe Benech, Marielle Canale, Olivier Alibert, Péguy Maltere and Xavier Gidrol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The laboratory mouse is commonly used as a sophisticated model in biomedical research. However, experiments requiring major surgery frequently lead to serious postoperative complications and death, particularl...

    Authors: Beat Schuler, Andreas Rettich, Johannes Vogel, Max Gassmann and Margarete Arras

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:28

    Content type: Methodology article

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  40. In dogs in the western world neoplasia constitutes the most frequently diagnosed cause of death. Although there appear to be similarities between canine and human cancers, rather little is known about the cyto...

    Authors: Jesús Aguirre-Hernández, Bruce S Milne, Chris Queen, Patricia CM O'Brien, Tess Hoather, Sean Haugland, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Jane M Dobson and David R Sargan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The cause of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic in the United Kingdom (UK) was the inclusion of contaminated meat and bone meal in the protein rations fed to cattle. Those rations were not res...

    Authors: Stuart Martin, Martin Jeffrey, Lorenzo González, Sílvia Sisó, Hugh W Reid, Philip Steele, Mark P Dagleish, Michael J Stack, Melanie J Chaplin and Aru Balachandran

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To study the ability of tepoxalin, a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) and its active metabolite to reduce the catabolic response of cartilage to cytokine stimulation in an in vitro mo...

    Authors: Lisa Macrory, Anne Vaughan-Thomas, Peter D Clegg and John F Innes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:25

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Previous studies have provided some evidence of a possible association between cancer and metallothioneins. Whether this relates to an exposure to carcinogenic metals remains unclear.

    Authors: André FS Amaral, Teresa Cymbron, Fátima Gärtner, Manuela Lima and Armindo S Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:24

    Content type: Research article

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  44. This paper explores the spatial distribution of sampling within the active surveillance of sheep scrapie in Great Britain. We investigated the geographic distribution of the birth holdings of sheep sampled for...

    Authors: Colin PD Birch, Ambrose C Chikukwa, Kieran Hyder and Victor J Del Rio Vilas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:23

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Control of brucellosis in livestock, wildlife and humans depends on the reliability of the methods used for detection and identification of bacteria. In the present study, we describe the evaluation of the rec...

    Authors: Vladimira Hinić, Isabelle Brodard, Andreas Thomann, Milena Holub, Raymond Miserez and Carlos Abril

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:22

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Rabies is a widespread disease in African domestic dogs and a serious public health problem in developing countries. Canine rabies became established in Africa during the 20th century, coinciding with ecologic...

    Authors: Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Jhon H Rasambainarivo, Soloherilala Raharimanana, Hary Rakotonandrasana, Marie-Perle Andriamiarisoa, Fidilalao A Rakalomanana and Vincent Richard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Feed contaminated with Salmonella spp. constitutes a risk of Salmonella infections in animals, and subsequently in the consumers of animal products. Salmonella are occasionally isolated from the feed factory envi...

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Even Heir and Live L Nesse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:20

    Content type: Research article

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