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  1. Follicle numbers and developing ovarian morphology, particularly with reference to the presence of interstitial tissue, are intimately linked within the ovary of the African elephant during the period spanning...

    Authors: Fiona J Stansfield, Johan O Nöthling and William R Allen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:119

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Within the last decade, macrophages have been shown to be capable of differentiating toward a classically activated phenotype (M1) with a high antimicrobial potential or an alternatively activated phenotype (M...

    Authors: Kamila Kyrova, Hana Stepanova, Ivan Rychlik, Martin Faldyna and Jiri Volf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:115

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Orf virus (ORFV), a zoonotic Parapoxvirus, causes pustular skin lesions in small ruminants (goat and sheep). Intriguingly, ORFV can repeatedly infect its host, despite the induction of a specific immunity....

    Authors: Jörg Rohde, Frederic Emschermann, Michael R Knittler and Hanns-Joachim Rziha

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:114

    Content type: Research article

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  6. An inherited basis for congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) has been demonstrated in several small dog breeds. If in general both portocaval and porto-azygous shunts occur in breeds predisposed...

    Authors: Lindsay Van den Bossche, Frank G van Steenbeek, Robert P Favier, Anne Kummeling, Peter AJ Leegwater and Jan Rothuizen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:112

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Few equations have been developed in veterinary medicine compared to human medicine to predict body composition. The present study was done to evaluate the influence of weight loss on biometry (BIO), bioimpeda...

    Authors: Naida C Borges, Ricardo S Vasconcellos, Aulus C Carciofi, Karina N V Gonçalves, Francisco J A Paula, Daniel E Faria Filho and Júlio C Canola

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:111

    Content type: Research article

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  8. One of the main aims of forensic investigation is the detection and location of people and substances of interest, such as missing people and illegal drugs. Dogs (Canis lupus var. familiaris) have had an importan...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Roberto Permunian, Francis Gakuya, Matthew Mutinda, Ramón C Soriguer and Luca Rossi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:110

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Contagious agalactia (CA) of sheep and goats caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae is a widely occurring economically important disease that is difficult to control. The ELISA is commonly used for the serological detec...

    Authors: François Poumarat, Dominique Le Grand, Patrice Gaurivaud, Emilie Gay, Myriam Chazel, Yvette Game and Dominique Bergonier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:109

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is one of the most economically important freshwater fish, but its production is often affected by diseases that cause serious economic losses. To date, no good breeding varie...

    Authors: Jin Chen, Cai Li, Rong Huang, Fukuan Du, Lanjie Liao, Zuoyan Zhu and Yaping Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:108

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Alterations in lipid metabolism occur when animals are exposed to different feeding systems. In the last few decades, the characterisation of genes involved in fat metabolism and technological advances have en...

    Authors: Elda Dervishi, Margalida Joy, Albina Sanz, Javier Alvarez-Rodriguez, Francisco Molino and Jorge H Calvo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:106

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Control of currently circulating re-assorted low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 is a major concern for both animal and human health. Thus, an improved LPAI H9N2 vaccination strategy is needed to ind...

    Authors: Md Masudur Rahman, Erdenebileg Uyangaa, Young Woo Han, Seong Bum Kim, Jin Hyoung Kim, Jin Young Choi and Seong Kug Eo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:105

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This retrospective study describes the clinical and laboratory findings, treatment and outcome of 461 cattle with caecal dilatation.

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Christine Beckmann, Christian Gerspach, Michael Hässig, Evelyne Muggli, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer and Karl Nuss

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:75

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Since 2008, a progressive pneumonia has become prevalent in broilers and laying hens. This disease occurrs the first day after hatching and lasts more than 30 days, resulting in approximately 70% morbidity and...

    Authors: Qing Pan, Aijing Liu, Faming Zhang, Yong Ling, Changbo Ou, Na Hou and Cheng He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:104

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Three species of feline haemoplasma are recognised: Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf), ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ (CMhm) and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis (CMt). This study compared a reverse line blot hy...

    Authors: Karla Georges, Chuckwudozi Ezeokoli, Tennille Auguste, Nisshi Seepersad, Akua Pottinger, Olivier Sparagano and Séverine Tasker

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:103

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To assess and to compare the renal volume evolution in bitches during pregnancy by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography using the ellipsoid technique (volume = length x width x depth x 0.523) and three-dimensi...

    Authors: Débora Sartori Mendonça, Rafael Fontoura Fernandes Moron, André Luiz Louzada Maldonado, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza and Antonio Fernandes Moron

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:102

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Use of plant ingredients in aquaculture feeds is impeded by high contents of antinutritional factors such as saponins, which may cause various pharmacological and biological effects. In this study, transcripto...

    Authors: Trond M Kortner, Stanko Skugor, Michael H Penn, Liv Torunn Mydland, Brankica Djordjevic, Marie Hillestad, Aleksei Krasnov and Åshild Krogdahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:101

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Eradication of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) through the application of test-and-cull programs is a declared goal of developed countries in which the disease is still endemic. Here, longitudinal data from more tha...

    Authors: Julio Alvarez, Andres M Perez, Javier Bezos, Carmen Casal, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Jose L Saez-Llorente, Rosa Diaz, Jesus Carpintero, Lucia de Juan and Lucas Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:100

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The occurrence of paratuberculosis in Ugandan cattle has recently been reported but there is no information on the strains of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) responsible for the disease. The...

    Authors: Julius Boniface Okuni, Chrysostomos I Dovas, Panayiotis Loukopoulos, Ilias G Bouzalas, David Patrick Kateete, Moses L Joloba and Lonzy Ojok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:99

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this report was to describe the clinical signs, diagnostic approach, treatment and outcome in the case of a tiger with a deformity of the paw.

    Authors: Sheila C Rahal, Reinaldo S Volpi, Carlos R Teixeira, Vania MV Machado, Guilherme DP Soares, Carlos Ramires Neto and Kathleen Linn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:98

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Spontaneous gastrointestinal neoplasms in non-human primates are commonly seen in aged individuals. Due to genetic similarities between human and non-human primates, scientists have shown increasing interest i...

    Authors: Mónica Aristizabal-Arbelaez, Julian Mejía-Restrepo, Mauricio Montoya-Flórez, Fabrizio Grandi and Francisco Pedraza-Ordóñez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:97

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Canine mast cell tumour proliferation depends to a large extent on the activity of KIT, a tyrosine kinase receptor. Inhibitors of the KIT tyrosine kinase have recently been introduced and successfully applied ...

    Authors: Robert Klopfleisch, Anja Meyer, Patricia Schlieben, Angelika Bondzio, Chris Weise, Dido Lenze, Michael Hummel, Ralf Einspanier and Achim D Gruber

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:96

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Melanocytic proliferations are common in horses but the diagnosis of malignancy is not always straightforward. To improve diagnosis and prognosis, markers of malignancy are needed. Receptor for activated C kin...

    Authors: Cécile Campagne, Sophia Julé, Florence Bernex, Mercedes Estrada, Geneviève Aubin-Houzelstein, Jean-Jacques Panthier and Giorgia Egidy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:95

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens are commonly associated with colitis in equids, but healthy carriers exist. Scarce information is available on the prevalence of Clostridium spp. in gastrointesti...

    Authors: Angelika Schoster, Luis Guillermo Arroyo, Henry Rolf Staempfli, Patricia Elisabeth Shewen and Jeffrey Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:94

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The use of electronic training devices for dog training is controversial. The aims of this study were to give an indication of the extent to which dog owners use these devices in England, identify factors asso...

    Authors: Emily J Blackwell, Christine Bolster, Gemma Richards, Bethany A Loftus and Rachel A Casey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:93

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The persistence of bovine TB (bTB) in various countries throughout the world is enhanced by the existence of wildlife hosts for the infection. In Britain and Ireland, the principal wildlife host for bTB is the...

    Authors: Joanne L Hardstaff, Mark T Bulling, Glenn Marion, Michael R Hutchings and Piran C L White

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:92

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of the present study was to develop a haemolytic assay for the study of the complement system in dairy goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) and to characterize the major goat complement system proteins.

    Authors: Isabel Moreno-Indias, Alister W Dodds, Anastasio Argüello, Noemi Castro and Robert B Sim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:91

    Content type: Methodology article

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  28. Considerable evidence suggests that food impacts both the gastro-intestinal (GI) function and the microbial ecology of the canine GI tract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of high-carbohydr...

    Authors: Ingrid Hang, Teemu Rinttila, Jürgen Zentek, Anu Kettunen, Susanna Alaja, Juha Apajalahti, Jaana Harmoinen, Willem M de Vos and Thomas Spillmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:90

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Lactobacillus plantarum is a plant-associated bacterial species but it has also been found in human, mouse and porcine gastrointestinal tracts. It can ferment a broad spectrum of plant carbohydrates; it is tolera...

    Authors: Cheng Suo, Yeshi Yin, Xiaona Wang, Xiuyu Lou, Dafeng Song, Xin Wang and Qing Gu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:89

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Abattoir condemnations may play an important role in a food animal syndromic surveillance system. Portion condemnation data may be particularly useful, as these data can provide more specific information on he...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, W W McNab and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:88

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Understanding normal gait requires allowing for variations in normal patterns by the sex, age, and species in question. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate kinetic and temporospatial parameters in...

    Authors: Felipe S Agostinho, Sheila C Rahal, Fábio A P Araújo, Renato T Conceição, Carlos A Hussni, Alexander O El-Warrak and Frederico O B Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:87

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mammary tumours are the most common malignancy diagnosed in female dogs and a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in this species. Carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15–3 is a mucinous glycoprotein aberrantly ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Manuali, Antonio De Giuseppe, Francesco Feliziani, Katia Forti, Cristina Casciari, Maria Chiara Marchesi, Eugenio Pacifico, Karol M Pawłowski, Kinga Majchrzak and Magdalena Król

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:86

    Content type: Research article

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  33. South American camelids in the United States have rapidly developed into an important agricultural industry in need of veterinary services. Pain management is challenging in camelids because there are no drugs...

    Authors: Amanda J Kreuder, Johann F Coetzee, Larry W Wulf, Jennifer A Schleining, Butch KuKanich, Lori L Layman and Paul J Plummer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:85

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Melatonin regulates several physiological processes and its powerful action as antioxidant has been widely reported. Melatonin acts modulating the immune system, showing a protective effect on the cardiovascul...

    Authors: Sergio Regodón, Asunción Ramos, María P Míguez, Antonio Carrillo-Vico, Juan A Rosado and Isaac Jardín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:84

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) was isolated from dairy buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) naturally affected with respiratory and reproductive clinical conditions.

    Authors: Silvina S Maidana, Patricia M Lomonaco, Gustavo Combessies, María I Craig, Julian Diodati, Daniela Rodriguez, Viviana Parreño, Osvaldo Zabal, José L Konrad, Gustavo Crudelli, Axel Mauroy, Etienne Thiry and Sonia A Romera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:83

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ebola viruses cause viral hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates and are endemic in Africa. Reston ebolavirus (REBOV) has caused several epizootics in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) but is n...

    Authors: Yusuke Sayama, Catalino Demetria, Mariko Saito, Rachel R Azul, Satoshi Taniguchi, Shuetsu Fukushi, Tomoki Yoshikawa, Itoe Iizuka, Tetsuya Mizutani, Ichiro Kurane, Fidelino F Malbas Jr, Socorro Lupisan, Davinio P Catbagan, Samuel B Animas, Rieldrin G Morales, Emelinda L Lopez…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:82

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This report describes the results of radiological, histological and molecular examination of three farm-reared red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) affected by candidiasis.

    Authors: Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macrì, Giuseppe Rapisarda, Florinda Basile, Stefano Reale and Fabio Marino

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:81

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Brucellosis is frequently reported among wild boar populations in Europe. The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation in Belgium, regarding the steady increase of wild boar populations ove...

    Authors: Fabien Grégoire, Bénédicte Mousset, David Hanrez, Charles Michaux, Karl Walravens and Annick Linden

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:80

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. Osteosarcoma (OSA) represents the most common canine primary bone tumour. Despite several pathways have been investigated so far, few molecules have been identified as prognostic tools or potential therapeutic...

    Authors: Laura Bongiovanni, Francesca Mazzocchetti, Daniela Malatesta, Mariarita Romanucci, Andrea Ciccarelli, Paolo Buracco, Raffaella De Maria, Chiara Palmieri, Marina Martano, Emanuela Morello, Lorella Maniscalco and Leonardo Della Salda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:78

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There have been an increasing number of infections in fish associated with different species of Chryseobacterium, being considered potentially emerging pathogens. Nevertheless the knowledge of the diversity of sp...

    Authors: Leydis Zamora, Ana I Vela, Mª Angel Palacios, Lucas Domínguez and José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:77

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease that has a major economic impact for the swine industry. Its control is mostly directed towards preventing its spread which requires a be...

    Authors: Marie-Ève Lambert, Julie Arsenault, Zvonimir Poljak and Sylvie D’Allaire

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:76

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Cattle with L-type (L-BSE) and H-type (H-BSE) atypical Bovine Spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) were identified in 2003 in Italy and France respectively before being identified in other countries worldwide. As o...

    Authors: Carole Sala, Eric Morignat, Nadia Oussaïd, Emilie Gay, David Abrial, Christian Ducrot and Didier Calavas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:74

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Using novel small-molecular inhibitors, we explored the feasibility of the class I PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 signaling pathway as a therapeutic target in canine oncology either by using pathway inhibitors alone, in comb...

    Authors: Yu-Ting Chen, Karen AL Tan, Lisa Y Pang and David J Argyle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:73

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Mammary tumors represent the most common neoplastic disease in female dogs. Recently, the promoting role of prolactin (PRL) in the development of human breast carcinoma has been shown. Possible proliferative, ...

    Authors: Erika Michel, Stefanie K Feldmann, Mariusz P Kowalewski, Carla Rohrer Bley, Alois Boos, Franco Guscetti and Iris M Reichler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:72

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Flubendazole (FLBZ) is a poor water solubility broad-spectrum BZD methylcarbamate anthelmintic compound. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are usually used to increase aqueous solubility of poor hydrosoluble compounds. The ...

    Authors: Laura Ceballos, Laura Moreno, Juan J Torrado, Carlos Lanusse and Luis Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:71

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Salmonella spp. and oxyurids are among the most prevalent bacterial and parasitic agents in reptiles. These organisms are routinely isolated in healthy tortoises, although heavy infections may cause significant p...

    Authors: Ludovico Dipineto, Michele Capasso, Maria Paola Maurelli, Tamara Pasqualina Russo, Paola Pepe, Giovanni Capone, Alessandro Fioretti, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:69

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Brucella ovis causes an infectious disease responsible for infertility and subsequent economic losses in sheep production. The standard serological test to detect B. ovis infection in rams is the complement fixat...

    Authors: Anne Praud, Jean-Luc Champion, Yannick Corde, Antoine Drapeau, Laurence Meyer and Bruno Garin-Bastuji

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:68

    Content type: Research article

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