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  1. Giardia duodenalis is a ubiquitous protozoan parasite that has emerged as a significant opportunistic human pathogen. G. duodenalis may have a deleterious effect on animal growth and performance, therefore its po...

    Authors: Bruce R Hoar, Robert R Paul, Jennifer Siembieda, Maria das Gracas C Pereira and Edward R Atwill

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:37

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Histopathological examinations of brains from healthy pigs have revealed localised vacuolar changes, predominantly in the rostral colliculus, that are similar to the neuropil vacuolation featured in the transm...

    Authors: Timm Konold, John Spiropoulos, Melanie J Chaplin, Leigh Thorne, Yvonne I Spencer, Gerald AH Wells and Steve AC Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:35

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The Age-Period-Cohort (APC) analysis is routinely used for time trend analysis of cancer incidence or mortality rates, but in veterinary epidemiology, there are still only a few examples of this application. A...

    Authors: Carole Sala and Giuseppe Ru

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:34

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Previous studies suggest that the spatial distribution of classical sheep scrapie in Great Britain is uneven and that certain flock characteristics may be associated with occurrence of the disease. However, th...

    Authors: Kim B Stevens, Victor J Del Río Vilas and Javier Guitián

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:33

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The internationally mandatory complement fixation test (CFT) for testing of equine sera for the absence of glanders has repeatedly led to discrepant results. Not only do "false positive" sera pose a problem fo...

    Authors: Lisa D Sprague, Reena Zachariah, Heinrich Neubauer, Renate Wernery, Maria Joseph, Holger C Scholz and Ulrich Wernery

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:32

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In a cross sectional study of 88 indoor and outdoor English pig farms, the prevalence of foot and limb lesions in 2843 preweaning piglets aged 1–4 weeks from 304 litters was recorded. The environmental risks f...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman, Pete Ossent and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:31

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Lesions on sows' limbs and bodies are an abnormality that might impact on their welfare. The prevalence of and risks for limb and body lesions on lactating sows on commercial English pig farms were investigate...

    Authors: Amy L KilBride, Claire E Gillman and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:30

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Several cases of myopathies have been observed in the horse Norman Cob breed. Muscle histology examinations revealed that some families suffer from a polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM). It is assumed that ...

    Authors: Eric Barrey, Elodie Mucher, Nicolas Jeansoule, Thibaut Larcher, Lydie Guigand, Bérénice Herszberg, Stéphane Chaffaux, Gérard Guérin, Xavier Mata, Philippe Benech, Marielle Canale, Olivier Alibert, Péguy Maltere and Xavier Gidrol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The laboratory mouse is commonly used as a sophisticated model in biomedical research. However, experiments requiring major surgery frequently lead to serious postoperative complications and death, particularl...

    Authors: Beat Schuler, Andreas Rettich, Johannes Vogel, Max Gassmann and Margarete Arras

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:28

    Content type: Methodology article

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  10. In dogs in the western world neoplasia constitutes the most frequently diagnosed cause of death. Although there appear to be similarities between canine and human cancers, rather little is known about the cyto...

    Authors: Jesús Aguirre-Hernández, Bruce S Milne, Chris Queen, Patricia CM O'Brien, Tess Hoather, Sean Haugland, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith, Jane M Dobson and David R Sargan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The cause of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic in the United Kingdom (UK) was the inclusion of contaminated meat and bone meal in the protein rations fed to cattle. Those rations were not res...

    Authors: Stuart Martin, Martin Jeffrey, Lorenzo González, Sílvia Sisó, Hugh W Reid, Philip Steele, Mark P Dagleish, Michael J Stack, Melanie J Chaplin and Aru Balachandran

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To study the ability of tepoxalin, a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) and its active metabolite to reduce the catabolic response of cartilage to cytokine stimulation in an in vitro mo...

    Authors: Lisa Macrory, Anne Vaughan-Thomas, Peter D Clegg and John F Innes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:25

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Previous studies have provided some evidence of a possible association between cancer and metallothioneins. Whether this relates to an exposure to carcinogenic metals remains unclear.

    Authors: André FS Amaral, Teresa Cymbron, Fátima Gärtner, Manuela Lima and Armindo S Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:24

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This paper explores the spatial distribution of sampling within the active surveillance of sheep scrapie in Great Britain. We investigated the geographic distribution of the birth holdings of sheep sampled for...

    Authors: Colin PD Birch, Ambrose C Chikukwa, Kieran Hyder and Victor J Del Rio Vilas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:23

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Control of brucellosis in livestock, wildlife and humans depends on the reliability of the methods used for detection and identification of bacteria. In the present study, we describe the evaluation of the rec...

    Authors: Vladimira Hinić, Isabelle Brodard, Andreas Thomann, Milena Holub, Raymond Miserez and Carlos Abril

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:22

    Content type: Methodology article

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  16. Rabies is a widespread disease in African domestic dogs and a serious public health problem in developing countries. Canine rabies became established in Africa during the 20th century, coinciding with ecologic...

    Authors: Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Jhon H Rasambainarivo, Soloherilala Raharimanana, Hary Rakotonandrasana, Marie-Perle Andriamiarisoa, Fidilalao A Rakalomanana and Vincent Richard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Feed contaminated with Salmonella spp. constitutes a risk of Salmonella infections in animals, and subsequently in the consumers of animal products. Salmonella are occasionally isolated from the feed factory envi...

    Authors: Lene K Vestby, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Even Heir and Live L Nesse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:20

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Since 1954, there have been in excess of 800 cases of rabies as a result of European Bat Lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1, EBLV-2) infection, mainly in Serotine and Myotis bats respectively. These viruses have ...

    Authors: Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Jacques Barrat, Sharon M Brookes, Derek M Healy, Marine Wasniewski, Estelle Litaize, Mélanie Biarnais, Linda Johnson and Anthony R Fooks

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:19

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Data on the long-term outcome of B. burgdorferi infections in adult dogs are sparse. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether Bernese Mountain dogs with serological evidence of natural B. burgdorfe...

    Authors: Bernhard Gerber, Katharina Haug, Simone Eichenberger, Claudia E Reusch and Max M Wittenbrink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:18

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The public health threat represented by a potential circulation of bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent in sheep population has led European animal health authorities to launch large screening and genetic se...

    Authors: Benoit Durand, Marie-José Martinez, Didier Calavas and Christian Ducrot

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:16

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In order to identify priorities for building integrated surveillance systems that effectively model and predict human risk of zoonotic diseases, there is a need for improved understanding of the practical opti...

    Authors: Matthew Scotch, Lynda Odofin and Peter Rabinowitz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:15

    Content type: Correspondence

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  22. Bacterial lung infections are a major cause of economic losses in the pig industry; they are responsible for approximately 50% of the antibiotics used in pigs and, therefore, also present an increasing concern...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Kerstin Thies, Thomas Rehm, Martin Beyerbach, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder, Gerald F Gerlach and Karl-Heinz Waldmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:14

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In pigs little is known about the role of innate immune defence in bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, despite their major role in pig production. In the present study we characterized and compared in ...

    Authors: Laurentiu Benga, Doris Hoeltig, Thomas Rehm, Hermann-Josef Rothkoetter, Reinhard Pabst and Peter Valentin-Weigand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Two domestic shorthair cats presenting with progressive hind-limb ataxia and increased aggressiveness were necropsied and a post mortem diagnosis of Feline Spongiform Encephalopathy (FSE) was made. A wide spec...

    Authors: Monika M Hilbe, Guido G Soldati, Kati K Zlinszky, Sabina S Wunderlin and Felix F Ehrensperger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Colic could be accompanied by changes in the morphology and physiology of organs and tissues, such as the intestine. This process might be, at least in part, due to the accumulation of oxidative damage induced...

    Authors: Gonzalo Marañón, William Manley, Patricia Cayado, Cruz García, Mercedes Sánchez de la Muela and Elena Vara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In order to study the sites of uptake and mechanisms of dissemination of scrapie prions in the natural host under controlled conditions, lambs aged 14 days and homozygous for the VRQ allele of the PrP gene wer...

    Authors: Stephen J Ryder, Glenda E Dexter, Lindsay Heasman, Richard Warner and S Jo Moore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:9

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In the wake of the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy the British government established a flock of sheep from which scrapie-free animals are supplied to laboratories for research. Three breeds of sh...

    Authors: Hugh A Simmons, Marion M Simmons, Yvonne I Spencer, Melanie J Chaplin, Gill Povey, Andrew Davis, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Nora Hunter, Danny Matthews and Anthony E Wrathall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Worldwide, hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is observed in pigs and transmission to humans is implied. To be able to estimate public health risks from e.g. contact with pigs or consumption of pork products, the...

    Authors: Martijn Bouwknegt, Saskia A Rutjes, Chantal BEM Reusken, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Klaas Frankena, Mart CM de Jong, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Wim HM van der Poel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Bovine herpesvirus type-1 (BHV-1) is an important pathogen of cattle that presents with a variety of clinical signs, including the upper respiratory tract infection infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). A s...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana M Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:5

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Bovine Tuberculosis is prevalent in Algeria despite governmental attempts to control the disease. The objective of this study was to conduct, for the first time, molecular characterization of a population samp...

    Authors: Naima Sahraoui, Borna Müller, Djamel Guetarni, Fadéla Boulahbal, Djamel Yala, Rachid Ouzrout, Stefan Berg, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Selective breeding programmes, based on prion protein (PrP) genotype, have been introduced throughout the European Union to reduce the risk of sheep transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). These prog...

    Authors: Simon Gubbins, Charlotte J Cook, Kieran Hyder, Kay Boulton, Carol Davis, Eurion Thomas, Will Haresign, Stephen C Bishop, Beatriz Villanueva and Rachel D Eglin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Listeria monocytogenes is among the most important foodborne bacterial pathogens due to the high mortality rate and severity of the infection. L. monocytogenes is a ubiquitous organism occasionally present in the...

    Authors: Jon I Esteban, Beatriz Oporto, Gorka Aduriz, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important and highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed domestic and wild animals. Virus isolation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...

    Authors: Tatiane A Paixão, Alcina V Carvalho Neta, Naimes O Paiva, Jorge R Reis, Meirivan S Barbosa, Claudia V Serra, René R Silva, Tammy R Beckham, Barbara M Martin, Neville P Clarke, L Garry Adams and Renato L Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:53

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed...

    Authors: Daniela C Hadorn, Sabina Seric Haracic and Katharina DC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:52

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pinnipeds, including many endangered and declining species, are inaccessible and difficult to monitor for extended periods using externally attached telemetry devices that are shed during the annual molt. Arch...

    Authors: Markus Horning, Martin Haulena, Pamela A Tuomi and Jo-Ann E Mellish

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:51

    Content type: Methodology article

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  36. The H5N1 strain of avian influenza virus has been involved in severe mortality in domestic poultry, and has also been found in different species of wildlife in Europe. The Basque Country avian influenza survei...

    Authors: M Barral, V Alvarez, RA Juste, I Agirre and I Inchausti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:50

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. They may harbour a wide range of parasites with zoonotic potential, thus causing a health risk to humans. In Nigeria, epidemiological knowledge on these parasite...

    Authors: Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko, Liana Ariza and Jorg Heukelbach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:49

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The between- and within-herd variability of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) antibodies were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 103 British pig herds conducted 2003–2004. Fif...

    Authors: Charlotte M Evans, Graham F Medley and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:48

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Rotavirus (RV), is a member of the Reoviridae family and an important etiological agent of acute viral gastroenteritis in the young. Rotaviruses have a wide host range infecting a broad range of animal species, h...

    Authors: Emily Mulherin, Jill Bryan, Marijke Beltman, Luke O'Grady, Eugene Pidgeon, Lucie Garon, Andrew Lloyd, John Bainbridge, Helen O'Shea, Paul Whyte and Séamus Fanning

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:46

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil is caused by the protozoan Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi and it is transmitted by sandfly of the genus Lutzomyia. Dogs are an important domestic reservoir, and control of the tr...

    Authors: BLA Verçosa, CM Lemos, IL Mendonça, SMMS Silva, SM de Carvalho, H Goto and FAL Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:45

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Vampire bats are important rabies virus vectors, causing critical problems in both the livestock industry and public health sector in Latin America. In order to assess the epidemiological characteristics of va...

    Authors: Yuki Kobayashi, Go Sato, Nobuyuki Mochizuki, Shinji Hirano, Takuya Itou, Adolorata AB Carvalho, Avelino Albas, Hamilton P Santos, Fumio H Ito and Takeo Sakai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:44

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a significant problem in some parts of Spain largely because of contacts between cattle and wildlife reservoirs in extensive grazing systems. European Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is o...

    Authors: Olaia Aurtenetxe, Marta Barral, Joaquín Vicente, José de la Fuente, Christian Gortázar and Ramón A Juste

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:43

    Content type: Methodology article

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  43. The design of veterinary and public health surveillance systems has been improved by the ability to combine Geographical Information Systems (GIS), mathematical models and up to date epidemiological knowledge....

    Authors: V Racloz, G Venter, C Griot and KDC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:42

    Content type: Methodology article

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