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  1. The conceptual validity of kinetic gait analysis and disability outcome assessment methods has guided their use in the assessment of pain caused by osteoarthritis (OA). No consensus on the best clinical method...

    Authors: Pascale Rialland, Sylvain Bichot, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Bertrand Lussier, Dominique Gauvin, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Jean-Pierre Pelletier and Eric Troncy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:162

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A common approach to the application of epidemiological models is to determine a single (point estimate) parameterisation using the information available in the literature. However, in many cases there is cons...

    Authors: Ross S Davidson, Iain J McKendrick, Joanna C Wood, Glenn Marion, Alistair Greig, Karen Stevenson, Michael Sharp and Michael R Hutchings

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:159

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM) in th...

    Authors: Martin Jürgen Schmidt, Nele Ondreka, Maren Sauerbrey, Holger Andreas Volk, Christoph Rummel and Martin Kramer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:158

    Content type: Research article

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  4. An un-commissioned randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled clinical study was planned using a deep sea fish oil product for pets. Seventy-seven client-owned dogs with osteoarthritis were randomly assign...

    Authors: Anna Hielm-Björkman, Johanna Roine, Kari Elo, Anu Lappalainen, Jouni Junnila and Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:157

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is poor understanding of most aspects of Clostridium perfringens type A as a possible cause of neonatal diarrhea in piglets, and the prevalence and types of C. perfringens present on Ontario swine farms is ...

    Authors: Gloria Chan, Abdolvahab Farzan, Glenn Soltes, Vivian M Nicholson, Yanlong Pei, Robert Friendship and John F Prescott

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:156

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Noroviruses (NoVs) are members of the family Caliciviridae and are emerging enteric pathogens of humans and animals. Some porcine NoVs are genetically similar to human strains and are classified into GII, like mo...

    Authors: Quan Shen, Wen Zhang, Shixing Yang, Zhibiao Yang, Yan Chen, Li Cui, Jianguo Zhu and Xiuguo Hua

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:155

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The allergic test of mallein is one of the most frequently used tests, together with the Complement Fixation Test (CFT), for the diagnosis of glanders in endemic areas. Mallein, a purified protein derivative (...

    Authors: Maurício Baltazar de Carvalho Filho, Rodrigo Mauro Ramos, Antônio Augusto Fonseca Jr, Lívia de Lima Orzil, Mariana Lázaro Sales, Vania Lucia de Assis Santana, Marcilia Maria Alves de Souza, Evandro dos Reis Machado, Paulo Rodrigues Lopes Filho, Rômulo Cerqueira Leite and Jenner Karlisson Pimenta dos Reis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:154

    Content type: Methodology article

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  8. Dehorning is a common practice involving calves on dairy operations in the United States. However, less than 20% of producers report using analgesics or anesthetics during dehorning. Administration of a system...

    Authors: Johann F Coetzee, Ruby A Mosher, Butch KuKanich, Ronette Gehring, Brad Robert, J Brandon Reinbold and Brad J White

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:153

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Brachycephalic dogs have unique upper respiratory anatomy with abnormal breathing patterns similar to those in humans with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate t...

    Authors: Marta Planellas, Rafaela Cuenca, Maria-Dolores Tabar, Coralie Bertolani, Cyrill Poncet, Josep M Closa, Juan Lorente, Jose J Cerón and Josep Pastor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:152

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Abattoir detected pathologies are of crucial importance to both pig production and food safety. Usually, more than one pathology coexist in a pig herd although it often remains unknown how these different path...

    Authors: Manuel J Sanchez-Vazquez, Mirjam Nielen, Sandra A Edwards, George J Gunn and Fraser I Lewis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:151

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) are potential cellular sources of therapeutic stem cells. MSCs are a multipotent population of c...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takemitsu, Dongwei Zhao, Ichiro Yamamoto, Yasuji Harada, Masaki Michishita and Toshiro Arai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:150

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The uncontrolled presence of African swine fever (ASF) in Russian Federation (RF) poses a serious risk to the whole European Union (EU) pig industry. Although trade of pigs and their products is banned since t...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:149

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis. Although eradication is a priority for the European authorities, bTB remains active or even increasing in many count...

    Authors: Víctor Rodríguez-Prieto, Beatriz Martínez-López, José Ángel Barasona, Pelayo Acevedo, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Christian Gortázar, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Joaquín Vicente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:148

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Recently, metabolic syndrome (MS) has gained attention in human metabolic medicine given its associations with development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Canine obesity is associated w...

    Authors: Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Jose J Ceron, Shelley L Holden, Daniel J Cuthbertson, Vincent Biourge, Penelope J Morris and Alexander J German

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:147

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The genetic diversity of Mycoplasma agalactiae (MA) isolates collected in Spain from goats in an area with contagious agalactia (CA) was assessed using a set of validated and new molecular typing methods. Validat...

    Authors: Christian De la Fe, Joaquín Amores, Florence Tardy, Eveline Sagne, Laurent-Xavier Nouvel and Christine Citti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:146

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Development of a method for long-term labeling of cells is critical to elucidate transplanted cell fate and migration as well as the contribution to tissue regeneration. Silica nanoparticles have been recently...

    Authors: Sei-Myoung Han, Hee-Woo Lee, Dong-Ha Bhang, Kyoung-Won Seo and Hwa-Young Youn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:145

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in cattle under various management systems in Adamawa, Kaduna and Kano states, northern Nigeria. Using multi-stage sampling, serum samples of...

    Authors: Hassan M Mai, Peter C Irons, Junaidu Kabir and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:144

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mucosal epithelia, including those of the oviduct, secrete antimicrobial innate immune molecules (AIIMS). These have bactericidal/bacteriostatic functions against a variety of pathogens. Among the AIIMs, sheep...

    Authors: Shiyong Wen, Guifang Cao, Tuya Bao, LanLing Cheng, Haijun Li, Chenguang Du, Yong Tu, Qi Li, Ruizhen Jian and Pengwei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:143

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) and adipose tissue (AT-MSCs) are being applied to equine cell therapy. The physiological environment in which MSCs reside is hypoxic and does no...

    Authors: Beatriz Ranera, Ana Rosa Remacha, Samuel Álvarez-Arguedas, Antonio Romero, Francisco José Vázquez, Pilar Zaragoza, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel and Clementina Rodellar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:142

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Ophthalmic antibiotic therapy in large animals is often used empirically because of the lack of pharmacokinetics studies. The purpose of the study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of topical tobramycin 0....

    Authors: Sarah L Czerwinski, Andrew W Lyon, Brian Skorobohach and Renaud Léguillette

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:141

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) can cause a variety of infections outside the gastrointestinal tract in humans and animals. Infections due to swine ExPECs have been occurring with increasing f...

    Authors: Yi Ding, Xibiao Tang, Ping Lu, Bin Wu, Zhuofei Xu, Wugang Liu, Ruixuan Zhang, Weicheng Bei, Huanchun Chen and Chen Tan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:140

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To compare the biomechanical in-vitro characteristics of limited-contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) and locking compression plate (LCP) constructs in an osteotomy gap model of femoral fracture in neona...

    Authors: Mona Hoerdemann, Philippe Gédet, Steven J Ferguson, Carola Sauter-Louis and Karl Nuss

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:139

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The rabbit is a common animal model for ophthalmic research, especially corneal research. Ocular structures grow rapidly during the early stages of life. It is unclear when the rabbit cornea becomes mature and...

    Authors: Andri K Riau, Neil YS Tan, Romesh I Angunawela, Hla M Htoon, Shyam S Chaurasia and Jodhbir S Mehta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:138

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Lyme disease is a widespread cosmopolitan zoonosis caused by species belonging to the genus Borrelia. It is transmitted from animal reservoir hosts to humans through hard - ticks of genus Ixodes which are vectors...

    Authors: Călin M Gherman, Attila D Sándor, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Mihai Marinov and Andrei D Mihalca

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:137

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Longevity is the amount of time breeding females stay active in a herd by avoiding death or culling because of illness or reproductive failure. This is a trait of economic relevance in commercial small ruminan...

    Authors: Ashley N Pellerin and Richard Browning Jr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:136

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Previous research programmes have described muscle biochemical traits and gene expression levels associated with beef tenderness. One of our results concerning the DNAJA1 gene (an Hsp40) was patented. This study ...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Hocquette, Carine Bernard-Capel, Veronique Vidal, Beline Jesson, Hubert Levéziel, Gilles Renand and Isabelle Cassar-Malek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:135

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sub-clinical mastitis limits milk production and represents an important barrier to profitable livestock economics worldwide. Milk production from cows in Nigeria is not at optimum levels in view of many facto...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Jamilu Abdullahi, Aliyu Jibril, Aminu A Mohammed and Folorunso O Fasina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:134

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Bovine rotavirus (BRV) infection is common in young calves. This viral infection causes acute diarrhea leading to death. Rapid identification of infected calves is essential to control BRV successfully. Theref...

    Authors: Zhixun Xie, Qing Fan, Jiabo Liu, Yaoshan Pang, Xianwen Deng, Zhiqin Xie, Xie Liji and Mazhar I Khan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:133

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. DNA vaccines offer several advantages over conventional vaccines in the development of effective vaccines against avian influenza virus (AIV). However, one of the limitations of the DNA vaccine in poultry is t...

    Authors: Kian-Lam Lim, Seyed Davoud Jazayeri, Swee Keong Yeap, Noorjahan Banu Mohamed Alitheen, Mohd Hair Bejo, Aini Ideris and Abdul Rahman Omar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:132

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the majority of dairy herds are covered by disease recording systems, in general based on veterinary registration of diagnoses and treatments. Disea...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Mari Espetvedt, Ann-Kristina Lind, Simo Rintakoski, Agneta Egenvall, Ann Lindberg and Ulf Emanuelson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:131

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Echocardiography and intra-cardiac dimensions have not previously been reported in adult camels despite its potential application for medical purpose. The aim of this study was to describe the results of a pro...

    Authors: Mohamed Tharwat, Fahd Al-Sobayil, Ahmed Ali and Sébastien Buczinski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:130

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Corticosteroids are illegally used in several countries as growth promoters in veal calves and beef cattle, either alone or in association with sex steroids and β-agonists, especially at low dosages and primar...

    Authors: Marta Vascellari, Katia Capello, Annalisa Stefani, Giancarlo Biancotto, Letizia Moro, Roberto Stella, Giandomenico Pozza and Franco Mutinelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:129

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a malignant tumor with poor long-term prognosis due to development of metastasis despite aggressive treatment. The phosphatidyl-inositol-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamyc...

    Authors: Atsuko Murai, Samah Abou Asa, Atsushi Kodama, Akihiro Hirata, Tokuma Yanai and Hiroki Sakai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:128

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Enzyme treatment is the mainstay for management of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in dogs. ‘Enteric-coated’ preparations have been developed to protect the enzyme from degradation in the stomach, but ...

    Authors: Aran Mas, Peter-John M Noble, Peter J Cripps, Daniel J Batchelor, Peter Graham and Alexander J German

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:127

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Disk-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DA-CSM) is a multifactorial neurological disorder in which progressive caudal cervical spinal cord compression is mainly caused by one or more intervertebral disk p...

    Authors: Steven De Decker, Ingrid MVL Gielen, Luc Duchateau, Holger A Volk and Luc ML Van Ham

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:126

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is a pathogen causing fatal illness in cats worldwide, and as such there is a high demand for products to protect against disease. The duration of immunity provided by an inactiva...

    Authors: Stephen Wilson, Juliet Greenslade, Gillian Saunders, Catherine Holcroft, Lynn Bruce, Andy Scobey, Tedd Childers, Gordon Sture and James Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:125

    Content type: Research article

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  37. L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria is a metabolic repair deficiency characterized by elevated levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Neurological signs associated with the diseas...

    Authors: Fabiana HG Farias, Rong Zeng, Gary S Johnson, G D Shelton, Dominique Paquette and Dennis P O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:124

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Infectious diseases in plants, animals and humans are often transmitted indirectly between hosts (or between groups of hosts), i.e. via some route through the environment instead of via direct contacts between...

    Authors: Bram AD van Bunnik, Thomas J Hagenaars, Nico M Bolder, Gonnie Nodelijk and Mart CM de Jong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:123

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The progression of scrapie is known to be influenced by the amino acid polymorphisms of the host prion protein (PrP) gene. There is no breeding programme for TSE resistance in sheep in Finland, but a scrapie c...

    Authors: Maria Hautaniemi, Hannele Tapiovaara, Sirkka-Liisa Korpenfelt and Liisa Sihvonen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:122

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The clinical use of autologous platelet concentrates (also known as platelet-rich plasma) on the field of regenerative therapy, in the last decade has been the subject of several studies especially in equine m...

    Authors: Raul F Silva, Jorge U Carmona and Cleuza MF Rezende

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:121

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Equine rhinitis viruses A and B (ERAV and ERBV) are common equine respiratory viruses belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Sero-surveillance studies have shown that these two viral infections are prevalent in ...

    Authors: Zhengchun Lu, Peter J Timoney, Jena White and Udeni BR Balasuriya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:120

    Content type: Methodology article

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  42. Follicle numbers and developing ovarian morphology, particularly with reference to the presence of interstitial tissue, are intimately linked within the ovary of the African elephant during the period spanning...

    Authors: Fiona J Stansfield, Johan O Nöthling and William R Allen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:119

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In mammals, the ovarian follicular reserve is highly variable between individuals and impacts strongly on ovarian function and fertility. Nowadays, the best endocrine marker of this reserve in human, mouse and...

    Authors: Belén Lahoz, José L Alabart, Danielle Monniaux, Pascal Mermillod and José Folch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:118

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Within the last decade, macrophages have been shown to be capable of differentiating toward a classically activated phenotype (M1) with a high antimicrobial potential or an alternatively activated phenotype (M...

    Authors: Kamila Kyrova, Hana Stepanova, Ivan Rychlik, Martin Faldyna and Jiri Volf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:115

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The Orf virus (ORFV), a zoonotic Parapoxvirus, causes pustular skin lesions in small ruminants (goat and sheep). Intriguingly, ORFV can repeatedly infect its host, despite the induction of a specific immunity....

    Authors: Jörg Rohde, Frederic Emschermann, Michael R Knittler and Hanns-Joachim Rziha

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:114

    Content type: Research article

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  48. An inherited basis for congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) has been demonstrated in several small dog breeds. If in general both portocaval and porto-azygous shunts occur in breeds predisposed...

    Authors: Lindsay Van den Bossche, Frank G van Steenbeek, Robert P Favier, Anne Kummeling, Peter AJ Leegwater and Jan Rothuizen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:112

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Few equations have been developed in veterinary medicine compared to human medicine to predict body composition. The present study was done to evaluate the influence of weight loss on biometry (BIO), bioimpeda...

    Authors: Naida C Borges, Ricardo S Vasconcellos, Aulus C Carciofi, Karina N V Gonçalves, Francisco J A Paula, Daniel E Faria Filho and Júlio C Canola

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:111

    Content type: Research article

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