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  1. Prolonged drug infusions are used to treat horses with severe signs of pain, but can be associated with altered gastrointestinal transit. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of prolonged con...

    Authors: Johanna R Elfenbein, Sheilah A Robertson, Robert J MacKay, Butch KuKanich and L Chris Sanchez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  2. Crib-biting and windsucking (CBWS) behaviour in horses has been associated with increased risk of colic in general, recurrence of colic and specific forms of colic. The aims of the present study were to determ...

    Authors: Ebony E Escalona, Claire N Okell and Debra C Archer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  3. Large colon impactions are a common cause of colic in the horse. There are no scientific reports on the clinical presentation, diagnostic tests and treatments used in first opinion practice for large colon imp...

    Authors: Kyra Megan Jennings, Laila Curtis, John Harold Burford and Sarah Louise Freeman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  4. Little is known about lay understanding and decision making in response to colic. Horse-owners/carers are key to identifying colic and initiating veterinary intervention. Understanding how owners think and act...

    Authors: Claire E Scantlebury, Elizabeth Perkins, Gina L Pinchbeck, Debra C Archer and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  5. The White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and Penaeus stylirostris penstyldensovirus 1 (previously named Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus-IHHNV) are two of the most important viral pathogens of p...

    Authors: Carlos A G Leal, Alex F Carvalho, Rômulo C Leite and Henrique C P Figueiredo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:150

    Content type: Methodology article

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  6. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that are able to colonize the host digestive system, increasing the natural flora and preventing colonization of pathogenic organisms and thus, securing optimal utility of th...

    Authors: Teck Chwen Loh, Di Wai Choe, Hooi Ling Foo, Awis Qurni Sazili and Mohd Hair Bejo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:149

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The evaluation of intestinal trophism, mainly the mucosal layer, is an important issue in various conditions associated with injury, atrophy, recovery, and healing of the gut. The aim of the present study was ...

    Authors: Rubina Sirri, Carlo Bianco, Gionata De Vico, Francesca Carella, Alessio Bonaldo, Giuseppe Sarli, Giada Tondini and Luciana Mandrioli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The use of serological assays for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been intensively studied and use of specific antigens have aided in improving the diagnostic accuracy of the assays. In the present s...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johonson, Keiko Eda, W Ray Waters, Mitchell V Palmer, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:147

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  9. Photoperiod is known to cause physiological changes in seasonal mammals, including changes in body weight, physical activity, reproductive status, and adipose tissue gene expression in several species. The obj...

    Authors: Akihiro Mori, Kelly L Kappen, Anna C Dilger and Kelly S Swanson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. The recent occurrence and spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Eastern Europe is perceived as a serious risk for the pig industry in the European Union (EU). In order to estimate the potential risk of ASF vi...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López, Solenne Costard, Ana de la Torre, Bryony A Jones, Marta Martínez, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, María Jesús Muñoz, Dirk U Pfeiffer, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:145

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) infects a number of flying fox and insectivorous bats species in Australia. Human infection with ABLV is inevitably fatal unless prior vaccination and/or post-exposure treatmen...

    Authors: Emma K Quinn, Peter D Massey, Keren Cox-Witton, Beverley J Paterson, Keith Eastwood and David N Durrheim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Regenerative medicine using Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC) alone or combined with Plasma Rich in Growth Factors (PRGF) is a rapidly growing area of clinical research and is currently also being used to treat ost...

    Authors: Jose M Vilar, Miguel Batista, Manuel Morales, Angelo Santana, Belén Cuervo, Mónica Rubio, Ramón Cugat, Joaquín Sopena and Jose M Carrillo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) and ventricular septal defect (VSD) are congenital heart defects and have been described in both human and veterinary medical literature.

    Authors: Katarzyna M Michlik, Anna K Biazik, Radomir Z Henklewski, Marta A Szmigielska, Józef M Nicpoń and Urszula Pasławska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:142

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  14. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a C18 fatty acid with conjugated double bonds, has been shown to serve as a powerful anti-obesity agent by several research groups, although the precise mechanism remains elusiv...

    Authors: Renli Qi, Feiyun Yang, Jinxiu Huang, Han Peng, Yan Liu and Zuohua Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. The impact of non-commercial producers on disease spread via livestock movement is related to their level of interaction with other commercial actors within the industry. Although understanding these relations...

    Authors: Thibaud Porphyre, Lisa A Boden, Carla Correia-Gomes, Harriet K Auty, George J Gunn and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Methamphetamine abuse has undergone a dramatic worldwide increase, and represents a significant and global issue for public health. Incidents of methamphetamine intoxication and death in humans are relatively ...

    Authors: Zengyang Pei and Xu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:139

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  17. The influence of electromagnetic fields on the health of humans and animals is still an intensively discussed and scientifically investigated issue (Prakt Tierarzt 11:15-20, 2003; Umwelt Medizin Gesellschaft 1...

    Authors: Michael Hässig, Marietta Wullschleger, Hanspeter Naegeli, Jaqueline Kupper, Bernhard Spiess, Niels Kuster, Myles Capstick and Manuel Murbach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Previous studies investigating long-distance, wind-borne dispersal of Culicoides have utilised outbreaks of clinical disease (passive surveillance) to assess the relationship between incursion and dispersal event...

    Authors: Debbie Eagles, Lorna Melville, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Glenn Bellis, Myron P Zalucki, Peter J Walker and Peter A Durr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:135

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Oral fluid collected by means of ropes has the potential to replace serum for monitoring and surveillance of important swine pathogens. Until now, the most commonly used method to collect oral fluid is by hang...

    Authors: Inge Decorte, Wander Van Breedam, Yves Van der Stede, Hans J Nauwynck, Nick De Regge and Ann Brigitte Cay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been detected in both humans and animals, particularly pigs, worldwide. Several evidences, including human infection following consumption of raw contaminated meat, suggest a zo...

    Authors: Eleonora Ponterio, Ilaria Di Bartolo, Ginevra Orrù, Manuel Liciardi, Fabio Ostanello and Franco Maria Ruggeri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Many studies have been conducted to define risk factors for the transmission of bovine paratuberculosis, mostly in countries with large herds. Little is known about the epidemiology in infected Swiss herds and...

    Authors: Rahel Künzler, Paul Torgerson, Selina Keller, Max Wittenbrink, Roger Stephan, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Beat Berchtold and Mireille Meylan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The relationship between overall obesity and fat distribution in dogs and the development of heart disease is unclear. In the present study we evaluated the association between overall obesity and fat distribu...

    Authors: Naris Thengchaisri, Wutthiwong Theerapun, Santi Kaewmokul and Amornrate Sastravaha

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Glucokinase (GK) is a metabolic enzyme encoded by the GCK gene and expressed in glucose-sensitive tissues, principally pancreatic islets cell and hepatocytes. The GK protein acts in pancreatic islets as a “glucos...

    Authors: Sara Lindbloom-Hawley, Michelle LeCluyse, Vanessa Vandersande, Gerald Henry Lushington and Thomas Schermerhorn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Brachyspira hampsonii”, discovered in North America in 2010 associated with dysentery-like illness, is an economically relevant swine pathogen resulting in decreased feed efficiency and increased morbidity, mort...

    Authors: Matheus O Costa, Janet E Hill, Champika Fernando, Hollie D Lemieux, Susan E Detmer, Joseph E Rubin and John C S Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The European (EU) genotype of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (Genotype-I PRRSV) has recently emerged in China. The coexistence of Genotype-I and -II PRRSV strains could cause seriously aff...

    Authors: Jing-Qiang Ren, Wen-Chao Sun, Hui-Jun Lu, Shu-Bo Wen, Jie Jing, Fu-Long Yan, Hao Liu, Cun-Xia Liu, Peng-Peng Xiao, Xing Chen, Shou-Wen Du, Rui Du and Ning-Yi Jin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Maternal antibodies can interfere with foot-and-mouth disease vaccination. In this study we determined whether intratypic heterologous vaccination could help to improve herd immunity.

    Authors: Aldo Dekker, Phaedra Eblé, Norbert Stockhofe and Gilles Chénard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The south of Chile constitutes the main cattle milk producing area of the country. Regarding leptospirosis control in Chile, there is neither an official program nor an epidemiological characterization of smal...

    Authors: Miguel Salgado, Barbara Otto, Errol Sandoval, German Reinhardt and Sofia Boqvist

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Passively acquired maternal derived immunity (MDI) is a double-edged sword. Maternal derived antibody-mediated immunity (AMI) and cell-mediated immunity (CMI) are critical immediate defenses for the neonate; h...

    Authors: Meggan Bandrick, Kara Theis and Thomas W Molitor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The course of swine influenza in pigs is reported to be similar to human influenza. Occasionally abortions and other reproduction disorders have been associated with influenza A virus (IAV) infection in pigs. ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Kwit, Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól and Iwona Markowska-Daniel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Hepatic lipidosis or fatty liver disease is a major metabolic disorder of high-producing dairy cows that compromises animal performance and, hence, causes heavy economic losses worldwide. This syndrome, occurr...

    Authors: Sandro Imhasly, Hanspeter Naegeli, Sven Baumann, Martin von Bergen, Andreas Luch, Harald Jungnickel, Sarah Potratz and Christian Gerspach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Despite its global recognition as a ruminant pathogen, cases of Chlamydia pecorum infection in Australian livestock are poorly documented. In this report, a C. pecorum specific Multi Locus Sequence Analysis schem...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, David Forshaw, Jennifer Cotter, Danny Roberts, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:121

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Airway fibroblasts have become a critical addition to all facets of structural lung tissue changes such as in human asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but little is known about their role in the...

    Authors: Jana Franke, Vanessa Abs, Claudia Zizzadoro and Getu Abraham

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:119

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  33. Various head and neck positions in sport horses are significant as they can interfere with upper airway flow mechanics during exercise. Until now, research has focused on subjectively described head and neck p...

    Authors: Li-mei Go, Ann Kristin Barton and Bernhard Ohnesorge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:118

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  34. Pigeon circovirus (PiCV) is considered to be a viral agent central to the development of young pigeon disease syndrome (YPDS). The Cap protein, a structural protein encoded by the cap (or C1) gene of PiCV, has be...

    Authors: Guan-Hua Lai, Yen-Chang Lin, Yi-Lun Tsai, Yi-Yang Lien, Ming-Kuem Lin, Hsi-Jien Chen, Wen-Te Chang, Jason T C Tzen and Meng-Shiou Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:115

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  35. Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) are one of the main constraints to ruminant production worldwide. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) has been reported in goats throughout Europe, yet little is known about the AR s...

    Authors: Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Annarita Di Cerbo, Marian Varady and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Serotonin (5-hydroytryptamine or 5HT) is associated with numerous behavioral and psychological factors and is a biochemical marker of mood. 5HT is involved in the hypothalamic regulation of energy consumption....

    Authors: Hyung-Jin Park, Sang-Eun Lee, Jung-Hyun Oh, Kyoung-Won Seo and Kun-Ho Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Contrast-enhanced diagnostic imaging techniques are considered useful in veterinary and human medicine to evaluate liver perfusion and focal hepatic lesions. Although hepatic diseases are a common occurrence i...

    Authors: Giordano Nardini, Nicola Di Girolamo, Stefania Leopardi, Irene Paganelli, Anna Zaghini, Francesco C Origgi and Massimo Vignoli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:112

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Canine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease that is caused by the haemoprotozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. There are limited data on serum proteomics in dogs, and none of the effect of babesiosis on the serum...

    Authors: Josipa Kuleš, Vladimir Mrljak, Renata Barić Rafaj, Jelena Selanec, Richard Burchmore and Peter D Eckersall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. In countries around the Baltic Sea grazing ruminants have access to and drink, surface water from lakes, rivers and in several coastal regions. The water quality of these naturally occurring reservoirs affects...

    Authors: Manjunath Manubolu, Samanthi RP Madawala, Paresh C Dutta and Kjell Malmlöf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:110

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Canine gastroesophageal intussusception (GEI) is a rare and potentially fatal disease usually affecting puppies or young dogs < 3 months of age and of medium to large breeds. Surgical intervention has been adv...

    Authors: Sarina Shibly, Sandy Karl, Katharina M Hittmair and Reinhard A Hirt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:109

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen causing pneumonia, mastitis and arthritis in cattle worldwide. As this agent is primarily transmitted by direct contact and spread through animal movements, efficient gen...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Information about the genotypic characteristic of Coxiella burnetii from Hungary is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the genetic diversity of C. burnetii in Hungary and compare genotypes with those f...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Heidie M Hornstra, Talima Pearson, Alexandra Szigeti, Ádám Dán, Eszter Balla, Paul S Keim and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Hand hygiene is considered one of the most important infection control measures in human healthcare settings, but there is little information available regarding hand hygiene frequency and technique used in ve...

    Authors: Maureen EC Anderson, Jan M Sargeant and J Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Mast cell tumors (MCTs) are the most common skin tumors in dogs and exhibit variable biologic behavior. Mutations in the c-kit proto-oncogene are associated with the tumorigenesis of MCTs, resulting in growth fac...

    Authors: Charles HC Halsey, Daniel L Gustafson, Barbara J Rose, Amber Wolf-Ringwall, Robert C Burnett, Dawn L Duval, Anne C Avery and Douglas H Thamm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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