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  1. In the absence of overt clinical signs of Johne’s Disease (JD), laboratory based tests have largely been limited to organism detection via faecal culture or PCR and serological tests for antibody reactivity. I...

    Authors: Rory O’Brien, Alan Hughes, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:72

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disease that causes disabilities in elderly adults. However, few long-lasting pharmacotherapeutic agents with low side effects have been developed to treat OA. We evaluate...

    Authors: Hsien-Tsung Lu, Ming-Thau Sheu, Yung-Feng Lin, Jai Lan, Yi-Ping Chin, Ming-Shium Hsieh, Chao-Wen Cheng and Chien-Ho Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:68

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Gyr cows are well adapted to tropical conditions, resistant to some tropical diseases and have satisfactory milk production. However, Gyr dairy herds have a high prevalence of subclinical mastitis, which negat...

    Authors: Carolina Barbosa Malek dos Reis, Juliana Regina Barreiro, Lucinéia Mestieri, Marco Aurélio de Felício Porcionato and Marcos Veiga dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:67

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains are frequently encountered problems worldwide with considerable increased occurrences in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and frequency ...

    Authors: Maral Rahmani, Seyed Mostafa Peighambari, Christina Aaby Svendsen, Lina M Cavaco, Yvonne Agersø and Rene S Hendriksen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:66

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have high impact on the cancer development because they can facilitate matrix invasion, angiogenesis, and tumor cell motility. It gives cancer cells the capacity to invade n...

    Authors: Magdalena Król, Kinga Majchrzak, Joanna Mucha, Agata Homa, Małgorzata Bulkowska, Arleta Jakubowska, Malwina Karwicka, Karol M Pawłowski and Tomasz Motyl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:65

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Recent new anatomical and histological features of craniocervical junction in dogs and cats were described providing evidence of differences between the carnivore species. No information on these structures in...

    Authors: Marta Kupczynska, Karolina Barszcz, Pawel Janczyk, Michal Wasowicz and Norbert Czubaj

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:64

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of L-arginine (Arg) on photomicrographs and HSP70 expression in the liver of weanling piglets. Twelve healthy Landrace × Yorkshire piglets that had been weaned ...

    Authors: Xin Wu, Chunyan Xie, Yulong Yin, Fengna Li, Tiejun Li, Ruilin Huang, Zheng Ruan and Zeyuan Deng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:63

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In many pre-clinical studies of cartilage tissue, it has been generally assumed that the major difference of the tissue between the species is the tissue thickness, which is related to the size of the animal i...

    Authors: Norazian Kamisan, Sangeetha Vasudevaraj Naveen, Raja Elina Ahmad and Kamarul Tunku

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:62

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:136

  9. The object of this study was to describe and contrast the kinetics of the humoral response in serum and oral fluid specimens during acute porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. ...

    Authors: Apisit Kittawornrat, Mark Engle, Yaowalak Panyasing, Chris Olsen, Kent Schwartz, Anna Rice, Sergio Lizano, Chong Wang and Jeffrey Zimmerman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:61

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an endemic and highly contagious disease in small ruminants of Pakistan. Despite the fact that an effective vaccine is available, outbreaks are regularly occurring in the co...

    Authors: Muhammad Anees, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Khushi Muhammad, Jawad Nazir, Muhammad Abu Bakar Shabbir, Jonas J Wensman and Muhammad Munir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:60

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Central post-stroke pain is a neuropathic pain condition caused by a vascular lesion, of either ischemic or hemorrhagic origin, in the central nervous system and more precisely involving the spinothalamocortic...

    Authors: Aude Castel, Pierre Hélie, Francis Beaudry and Pascal Vachon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:59

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a devastating disease for the pig industry. In this study, we analysed the genetic variability of PRRS virus (PRRSV) as well as the relationship betw...

    Authors: Bouabid Badaoui, Roberto Grande, Stefano Calza, Maria Cecere, Mario Luini, Alessandra Stella and Sara Botti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:58

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Leukoencephalomyelopathy is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder that affects the white matter of the spinal cord and brain and is known to occur in the Rottweiler breed. Due to the lack of a genetic test f...

    Authors: Katrin Hirschvogel, Kaspar Matiasek, Katharina Flatz, Michaela Drögemüller, Cord Drögemüller, Bärbel Reiner and Andrea Fischer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:57

    Content type: Case report

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  14. This study investigated synovial concentrations of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and its metabolite salicylic acid (SA) in the equine fetlock joint following systemic administration of ASA. Salicylates were chose...

    Authors: Maren Friebe, Stephan Schumacher, Jessica Stahl and Manfred Kietzmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:56

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The illegal administration of hormones, steroids, β-agonists and other anabolic agents to productive livestock in the European Union continues, despite the long-term ban on their use and despite the measures p...

    Authors: Antonio Borrelli, Claudio Bellino, Elena Bozzetta, Barbara Bruno, Sara Falco, Cristiana Maurella, Paola Gianella, Marzia Pezzolato, Aurelio Cagnasso and Antonio D’Angelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Elucidating the histological characteristics of normal vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is important for understanding mechanisms of development, disease etiology and the remodeling and/or regeneration pro...

    Authors: Noriko Isayama, Goki Matsumura and Kenji Yamazaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT) aims at restoring normal articular cartilage surface geometry and articular contact mechanics. To date, no studies have evaluated the contact mechanics of the canine stif...

    Authors: Christina J Choate, Stanley E Kim, Caleb C Hudson, David Spreng and Antonio Pozzi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The identity of herpesviruses isolated in Europe from domestic pigeons (Columbid herpesvirus-1 - CoHV-1) as well as falcons and owls remains unknown. All these herpesviruses are antigenically and genetically r...

    Authors: Grzegorz J Woźniakowski, Elżbieta Samorek-Salamonowicz, Piotr Szymański, Piotr Wencel and Marek Houszka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Infectious ovine epididymitis results in substantial economic losses worldwide due to reproductive failure and culling of breeders. The most common causative agents of these infections are Brucella ovis, Actinoba...

    Authors: Valéria S Moustacas, Teane MA Silva, Luciana F Costa, Mariana N Xavier, Custódio A Carvalho Jr, Érica A Costa, Tatiane A Paixão and Renato L Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stifle joints of little spotted cats in captivity using radiographic and CT studies. The hypothesis was that these animals would have meniscal mineralisation that coul...

    Authors: Sheila C Rahal, Mauricio G Fillipi, Maria J Mamprim, Hugo S Oliveira, Carlos R Teixeira, Rodrigo HF Teixeira and Frederico OB Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Heifers can calve down with intramammary infections (IMI) and udder damage. This will have a negative impact on their longevity, future milk yield and financial return. Co-housed pre-weaned calves that are fed...

    Authors: Inge-Marié Petzer, Joanne Karzis, Maia Lesosky, Johanna C Watermeyer and Renette Badenhorst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Medetomidine-ketamine (MK) and dexmedetomidine-ketamine (DK) are widely used to provide general anaesthesia in laboratory animals, but have not been compared directly in many of these species, including rodent...

    Authors: Wesley M Burnside, Paul A Flecknell, Angus I Cameron and Aurélie A Thomas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:48

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Despite the importance of abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism in clinical canine medicine, the fact that most previously used methods for lipoprotein profiling are rather laborious and time-consuming has b...

    Authors: Panagiotis G Xenoulis, Paul J Cammarata, Rosemary L Walzem, Ronald D Macfarlane, Jan S Suchodolski and Jörg M Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without la...

    Authors: Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A Cook and Eric M Fèvre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  25. This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development.

    Authors: Darko Marinković, Vladimir Kukolj, Sanja Aleksić-Kovačević, Milijan Jovanović and Milijana Knežević

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired disorder characterized by the activation of intravascular coagulation and excessive fibrin formation. It always occurs in association with other clin...

    Authors: Carla O Honse, Fabiano B Figueiredo, Nayro Xde Alencar, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Isabella DF Gremião and Tânia MP Schubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:43

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Robenacoxib is a novel and highly selective inhibitor of COX-2 in dogs and cats and because of its acidic nature is regarded as being tissue-selective. Thirty four dogs with stifle osteoarthritis secondary to ...

    Authors: David Bennett, Peter David Eckersall, Mary Waterston, Veronica Marchetti, Alessandra Rota, Eilidh McCulloch and Silvia Sbrana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infect...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Isabelle Lebert, Isabelle Chao, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Christian Ducrot, David Abrial, Jean-François Ravier and Jacques Guillot

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the preferred diagnostic tool to evaluate internal disorders of many joints in humans; however, the usefulness of MR imaging in the context of osteoarthritis, and joint disea...

    Authors: Vladimir Galindo-Zamora, Peter Dziallas, Davina C Ludwig, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:40

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The tissue growth necessary to achieve a complete or partial restitution ad integrum as a result of injury to soft tissue and/or hard times in reptiles is variable and often needs long time in relation to the ...

    Authors: Salvatore Rinaldi, Maddalena Iannaccone, Gian Enrico Magi, Emanuela Costantini, Alessandro Castagna, Eraldo Sanna Passino, Margherita Maioli and Vania Fontani

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:39

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Helminthiasis is a major limitation to the livestock industry in Africa. Haemonchus contortus is the singular most important helminth responsible for major economic losses in small ruminants. The high cost of ant...

    Authors: Mathew Adamu, Vinasan Naidoo and Jacobus N Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has the potential to preserve female germ cells of endangered mammals. In the present study, a freezing protocol successfully used for human tissue, was adapted for preservin...

    Authors: Caterina Wiedemann, Jennifer Zahmel and Katarina Jewgenow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Active and passive surveillance for avian influenza virus (AIV) and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is widespread in commercial poultry worldwide, therefore optimization of sample collection and transport would ...

    Authors: Erica Spackman, Janice C Pedersen, Enid T McKinley and Jack Gelb Jr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:35

    Content type: Methodology article

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  34. Laterality defects are rare in cattle and usually manifest as asplenia orpolysplenia syndrome. These syndromes may be associated with situs ambiguus,which is a dislocation of some but not all internal organs. ...

    Authors: Alois Boos, Hans Geyer, Urs Müller, Jeanne Peter, Tanja Schmid, Christian Gerspach, Matteo Previtali, Maja Rütten, Titus Sydler, Colin C Schwarzwald, Elisabeth M Schraner and Ueli Braun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:34

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Persistent infection of Penaeus stylirostris densovirus (PstDNV) (also called IHHNV) and its non-infectious inserts in the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (P. monodon) genome are commonly found without appare...

    Authors: Sudkhate Molthathong, Sarocha Jitrakorn, Yutthana Joyjinda, Chuenchit Boonchird, Boonsirm Witchayachamnarnkul, Pattira Pongtippatee, Timothy Flegel and Vanvimon Saksmerprome

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Pradofloxacin, a newly developed 8-cyano-fluoroquinolone, show enhanced activity against Gram-positive organisms and anaerobes to treat canine and feline bacterial infections. The purpose of this cross-over st...

    Authors: Gregor Hauschild, Karl Rohn, Eva Engelhardt, Martin Sager, Jendrik Hardes and Georg Gosheger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The mechanisms that differentiate rabies infections into furious and paralytic forms remain undetermined. There are no neuropathological features in human brains that distinguish furious and paralytic rabies. ...

    Authors: Shanop Shuangshoti, Nischol Thepa, Pornchai Phukpattaranont, Akanitt Jittmittraphap, Nirun Intarut, Veera Tepsumethanon, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Paul Scott Thorner and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In this study, we characterised the microbiota present in the faeces of 15- and 46-week-old egg laying hens before and after tetracycline or streptomycin therapy. In the first experiment, the layers were subje...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Marcela Faldynova, Helena Juricova, Vladimir Babak, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is no information on the effects of the breed, gender and age on the cellular content and growth factor (GF) release from equine pure-platelet rich plasma (P-PRP) and pure-platelet rich gel (P-PRG). The ...

    Authors: Carlos E Giraldo, Catalina López, María E Álvarez, Ismael J Samudio, Marta Prades and Jorge U Carmona

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Treatment of subclinical mastitis during lactation can have both direct (individual animal level) and indirect (population level) effects. With a few exceptions, prior research has focused on evaluating the di...

    Authors: John W Barlow, Ruth N Zadoks and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Several oral ivermectin (IVM) formulations for use in sheep are available in the pharmaceutical veterinary market in different countries. All of them are indicated at the same dose rate to treat the gastrointe...

    Authors: Gonzalo Suárez, Luis Alvarez, Daniel Castells, Oscar Correa, Pietro Fagiolino and Carlos Lanusse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To assess the effectiveness of emergency vaccination for reducing the contact-induced infection and pathological damage caused by the highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HPPR...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Li Qiu, Zengqi Yang, Ruiyi Dang and Xinglong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Serum samples from 630 milk sheep, in 33 dairy flocks representative of the southern area of the Tuscany region, were tested for the presence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii using an indirect immunofluorescenc...

    Authors: Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Antonio Ciampelli, Paola Sechi, Fabrizia Veronesi, Iolanda Moretta, Valentina Cambiotti and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Dogs are commonly affected by hyperglycemic conditions. Hyperglycemia compromises the immune response and favors bacterial infections; however, reports on the effects of glucose on neutrophil oxidative metabol...

    Authors: Anelise M Bosco, Breno FM de Almeida, Priscila P Pereira, Luis G Narciso, Valéria MF Lima and Paulo C Ciarlini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Steroid Responsive Meningitis-Arteritis (SRMA) is a common cause of inflammation of the canine central nervous system (CNS). To investigate if transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and ...

    Authors: Arianna Maiolini, Meike Otten, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Regina Carlson and Andrea Tipold

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Having considered how bioavailable aluminium (Al) may affect ecological systems and animals living there, especially cattle, and in search for a preventive dietary treatment against Al toxicity, we aimed to te...

    Authors: Yosra Belaïd-Nouira, Hayfa Bakhta, Zohra Haouas, Imen Flehi-Slim, Fadoua Neffati, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar and Hassen Ben Cheikh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Anaesthesia in rabbits is associated with a high mortality rate, compared to that in cats and dogs. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with drugs that provide cardiovascular stability and are rapidly metabol...

    Authors: Patricia Hedenqvist, Anna Edner, Åsa Fahlman and Marianne Jensen-Waern

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy (VER). To date, more than 50 species have proved to be susceptible and among them, those found in genus Epinephelus are highly repr...

    Authors: Niccolò Vendramin, Pierpaolo Patarnello, Anna Toffan, Valentina Panzarin, Elisabetta Cappellozza, Perla Tedesco, Antonio Terlizzi, Calogero Terregino and Giovanni Cattoli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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