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  1. Content type: Research article

    New and emerging diseases of livestock may impact animal welfare, trade and public health. Early detection of outbreaks can reduce the impact of these diseases by triggering control measures that limit the num...

    Authors: Kieran Hyder, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Joanna Lawes, A Robin Sayers, Ailsa Milnes, Linda Hoinville and Alasdair JC Cook

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:14

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  2. Content type: Research article

    It has become widely accepted that whenever animals are used in scientific procedures, the 3Rs principle of replacement, reduction and refinement described by William Russell and Rex Burch should be adhered to...

    Authors: Claire A Coulter, Paul A Flecknell, Matthew C Leach and Claire A Richardson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:12

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Primary diseases of the omasum are uncommon in goats, although the omasum may be involved in various gastrointestinal disorders. Examination of the caprine omasum via ultrasonography requires a good understand...

    Authors: Ueli Braun and Désirée Jacquat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:11

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Since 2006, cases of haemorrhagic diathesis in young calves have been observed with a much higher incidence than previously known. The syndrome, now uniformly called Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP), is char...

    Authors: Annette Friedrich, Mathias Büttner, Günter Rademacher, Wolfgang Klee, Bianca K Weber, Matthias Müller, Annette Carlin, Aryan Assad, Angela Hafner-Marx and Carola M Sauter-Louis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:10

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  5. Content type: Research article

    European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) are an invasive bird species known to cause damage to plant and animal agriculture. New evidence suggests starlings may also contribute to the maintenance and spread of disea...

    Authors: James C Carlson, Richard M Engeman, Doreene R Hyatt, Rickey L Gilliland, Thomas J DeLiberto, Larry Clark, Michael J Bodenchuk and George M Linz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:9

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is a member of the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae responsible for meningo-encephalitis in young cattle. The first case of bovine meningo-encephalitis associated with a herpesvirus infe...

    Authors: Silvina S Maidana, María F Ladelfa, Sandra E Pérez, Patricia M Lomónaco, María P Del Médico Zajac, Anselmo Odeón, Javier Blanco Viera, Gustavo Combessies, Norberto Fondevila, María Palacios, Julien Thiry, Benoît Muylkens, Etienne Thiry and Sonia A Romera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:8

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Domestic goats (Capra hircus) are a natural and experimental host of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) of sheep and cattle. Goats are also susceptib...

    Authors: Katherine I O'Rourke, Dongyue Zhuang, Thomas C Truscott, Huijan Yan and David A Schneider

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:7

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CNS) are of increasing importance to animal and public health. In veterinary medicine and along the meat and milk production line, only limited data w...

    Authors: Helen Huber, Dominik Ziegler, Valentin Pflüger, Guido Vogel, Claudio Zweifel and Roger Stephan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:6

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Since Francisella noatunensis was first isolated from cultured Atlantic cod in 2004, it has emerged as a global fish pathogen causing disease in both warm and cold water species. Outbreaks of francisellosis occur...

    Authors: Øyvind J Brevik, Karl F Ottem and Are Nylund

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:5

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    The in vivo diagnosis of glanders relies on the highly sensitive complement fixation test (CFT). Frequently observed false positive results are troublesome for veterinary authorities and cause financial losses...

    Authors: Mandy C Elschner, Holger C Scholz, Falk Melzer, Muhammad Saqib, Peggy Marten, Astrid Rassbach, Michael Dietzsch, Gernot Schmoock, Vania L de Assis Santana, Marcilia MA de Souza, Renate Wernery, Ulrich Wernery and Heinrich Neubauer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:4

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A 3-yr study examined whether prepartum treatment with casein hydrolyzate in combination with antibiotic, as routinely used in Israel for dry cow therapy, improved bacterial cure and increased milk yield in su...

    Authors: Gabriel Leitner, Shamay Jacoby and Nissim Silanikove

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:3

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Gastro-intestinal parasitism has been identified as a significant cause of disease in working equids in many countries. This randomized triple-blind trial was designed to assess the impact of an anthelmintic t...

    Authors: Michael A Crane, Khalid Khallaayoune, Claire Scantlebury and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:1

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The systemic form of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), also known as postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was initially detected in the early 1990s. Starting in 2004, the Canadian swi...

    Authors: Zvonimir Poljak, Catherine E Dewey, Thomas Rosendal, Robert M Friendship, Beth Young and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:59

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) was associated with high mortality in swine populations worldwide. Studies performed in different regions identified spatial, temporal, and spatio...

    Authors: Zvonimir Poljak, Catherine E Dewey, Thomas Rosendal, Robert M Friendship, Beth Young and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:58

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Serologic surveillance of Avian Influenza (AI) viruses is carried out by the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test using reference reagents. This method is recommended by animal health organizations as a stand...

    Authors: Magdalena Escorcia, Karol Carrillo-Sánchez, Santiago March-Mifsut, Joaquin Chapa, Eduardo Lucio and Gerardo M Nava

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:57

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Beef suckler farms (194 farms throughout 13 counties) were assessed once with housed cattle and once with cattle at grass using an animal welfare index (AWI). Twenty-three of the 194 farms were revisited a yea...

    Authors: Mickael Mazurek, Daniel J Prendiville, Mark A Crowe, Isabelle Veissier and Bernadette Earley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:55

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To study the role of African buffalos (Syncerus caffer) in the maintenance of foot-and-mouth disease in Uganda, serum samples were collected from 207 African buffalos, 21 impalas (Aepyceros melampus), 1 giraffe (

    Authors: Chrisostom Ayebazibwe, Frank N Mwiine, Kirsten Tjørnehøj, Sheila N Balinda, Vincent B Muwanika, Anna R Ademun Okurut, Graham J Belsham, Preben Normann, Hans R Siegismund and Soren Alexandersen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:54

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Various clinical protocols have been developed to aid in the clinical diagnosis of classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), which is confirmed by postmortem examinations based on vacuolation and accum...

    Authors: Timm Konold, A Robin Sayers, Amanda Sach, Gemma E Bone, Steven van Winden, Gerald AH Wells, Marion M Simmons, Michael J Stack, Angus Wear and Steve AC Hawkins

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:53

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger) are popular as pets and are often used as laboratory animals for various studies. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major infectious agent that causes otitis media, pneumonia, septicaem...

    Authors: Yasuko Hirakawa, Hiraku Sasaki, Eiichi Kawamoto, Hiroki Ishikawa, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Naoki Aoyama, Koh Kawasumi and Hiromi Amao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:52

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The roe deer is the most abundant and widespread wild Eurasian cervid. Its populations are expanding and increasingly in contact with livestock. This may affect the distribution of infectious diseases shared w...

    Authors: Mariana Boadella, Tania Carta, Álvaro Oleaga, Gerardo Pajares, Marta Muñoz and Christian Gortázar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:51

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis, afflicts approximately 50 million cattle worldwide and is detected by the tuberculin skin test (TST). While it has long been recognized that purified protein de...

    Authors: Bryan Rennie, Lionel G Filion and Nonie Smart

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:50

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are fatal neurodegenerative disease occurring in animals and humans for which no ante-mortem diagnostic test in biological fluids is available. In such pathologies, detec...

    Authors: Isabelle Batxelli-Molina, Nicolas Salvetat, Olivier Andréoletti, Luc Guerrier, Guillaume Vicat, Franck Molina and Chantal Mourton-Gilles

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:49

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The presence of Salmonella enterica serovars in feed ingredients, products and processing facilities is a well recognized problem worldwide. In Norwegian feed factories, strict control measures are implemented to...

    Authors: Olivier Habimana, Trond Møretrø, Solveig Langsrud, Lene K Vestby, Live L Nesse and Even Heir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:48

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum endometritis in cattle is a multifactorial disease with high economic impact. Both, clinical endometritis (CE) and subclinical endometritis (SCE) result in decreased reproductive performance. Result...

    Authors: Toschi B Kaufmann, Marc Drillich, Bernd-Alois Tenhagen and Wolfgang Heuwieser

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:47

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Various intramammary suspensions containing cloxacillin benzathine are registered for use in cattle as antibiotics for intramammary use at drying off. To ensure antibacterial efficacy, the glandular tissue con...

    Authors: Manfred Kietzmann, Frank Niedorf and Jacques Gossellin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:46

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is defined as the presence of hematopoietic stem cells such as erythroid and myeloid lineage plus megakaryocytes in extramedullary sites like liver, spleen and lymph nodes an...

    Authors: Fabrizio Grandi, Marcia M Colodel, Lidianne N Monteiro, João Rafael VP Leão and Noeme S Rocha

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:45

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Within the European Union the use of growth promoting agents in animal production is prohibited. Illegal use of natural prohormones like dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is hard to prove since prohormones are str...

    Authors: Jeroen CW Rijk, Ad ACM Peijnenburg, Peter JM Hendriksen, Johan M Van Hende, Maria J Groot and Michel WF Nielen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:44

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, affects livestock production in many regions of the world. Up to now, the widespread use of chemical acaricides has led to the selection of acaricide-resistan...

    Authors: Milagros Vargas, Carlos Montero, Dunia Sánchez, Danny Pérez, Mario Valdés, Aymé Alfonso, Marisdania Joglar, Héctor Machado, Elsa Rodríguez, Luis Méndez, Ricardo Lleonart, Marisela Suárez, Erlinda Fernández, Mario P Estrada, Alina Rodríguez-Mallón and Omar Farnós

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:43

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Ontario provincial abattoirs have the potential to be important sources of syndromic surveillance data for emerging diseases of concern to animal health, public health and food safety. The objectives of this s...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, W Bruce McNab and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:42

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  30. Content type: Correspondence

    In a recent paper written by Hilbe et al (BMC vet res, 2009), the nature and specificity of the prion protein deposition in the kidney of feline species affected with feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE) wer...

    Authors: Stéphane Lezmi, Thierry GM Baron and Anna A Bencsik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:41

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are receiving increasing attention because of their beneficial effects on human health, with milk and meat products derived from ruminants as important sources of CLA in the hu...

    Authors: Elda Dervishi, Carmen Serrano, Margalida Joy, Malena Serrano, Clementina Rodellar and Jorge H Calvo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:40

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Sixteen, spring-born, single suckled, castrated male calves of Limousin × Holstein-Friesian and Simmental × Holstein-Friesian dams respectively, were used to investigate the effect of weaning on total leukocyt...

    Authors: EM Lynch, B Earley, M McGee and S Doyle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:39

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The transport of livestock can have major implications for their welfare, and there is strong public interest and scientific endeavour aimed at ensuring that the welfare of transported animals is optimal. The ...

    Authors: Bernadette Earley, Margaret Murray and Daniel J Prendiville

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:38

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Weaning involves the permanent separation of the calf from the dam and has been shown to be stressful for both. The objectives of this study were to characterise the effect of i) abrupt weaning and ii) subsequ...

    Authors: Eilish M Lynch, Bernadette Earley, Mark McGee and Sean Doyle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:37

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli serogroup O157:H7 has emerged as an important zoonotic bacterial pathogen, causing a range of symptoms from self-limiting bloody diarrhea to severe hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndro...

    Authors: Sangeeta Khare, Walid Alali, Shuping Zhang, Doris Hunter, Roberta Pugh, Ferric C Fang, Stephen J Libby and L Garry Adams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:35

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Canine behavioural problems, in particular aggression, are important reasons for euthanasia of otherwise healthy dogs. Aggressive behaviour in dogs also represents an animal welfare problem and a public threat...

    Authors: Jørn Våge, Tina B Bønsdorff, Ellen Arnet, Aage Tverdal and Frode Lingaas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:34

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Squirrel poxvirus (SQPV) is highly pathogenic to red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris), and is a significant contributing factor to the local extinction of the species in most parts of England and Wales, where infecti...

    Authors: Janus W Atkin, Alan D Radford, Karen P Coyne, Jenny Stavisky and Julian Chantrey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:33

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Ruminant mycoplasmoses are important diseases worldwide and several are listed by the World Organization for Animal Health to be of major economic significance. In France the distribution of mycoplasmal specie...

    Authors: Myriam Chazel, Florence Tardy, Dominique Le Grand, Didier Calavas and François Poumarat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:32

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Currently, the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) of the subtype H5N1 is believed to have reached an endemic cycle in Vietnam. We used routine surveillance data on HPAIV H5N1 poultry outbreaks in ...

    Authors: Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Dirk U Pfeiffer and Joachim Otte

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:31

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is divided into a European and North American genotype. East European PRRSV isolates have been found to be of the European genotype, but form differe...

    Authors: Uladzimir U Karniychuk, Marc Geldhof, Merijn Vanhee, Jan Van Doorsselaere, Tamara A Saveleva and Hans J Nauwynck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:30

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In Zambia, translocation of wildlife from National Parks to private owned game ranches demands that only animals free of infectious diseases that could adversely affect the expansion of the wildlife industry s...

    Authors: Hetron M Munang'andu, Victor M Siamudaala, Wigganson Matandiko, Musso Munyeme, Mwelwa Chembensofu and Enala Mwase

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:29

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Bovine Tuberculosis (BTB) is a widespread and endemic disease of cattle in Ethiopia. Information relating to genotypic characteristics of Mycobacterium bovis strains affecting the cattle population in Ethiopia is...

    Authors: Demelash Biffa, Eystein Skjerve, James Oloya, Asseged Bogale, Fekadu Abebe, Ulf Dahle, Jon Bohlin and Berit Djønne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:28

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Fleece rot (FR) and body-strike of Merino sheep by the sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina are major problems for the Australian wool industry, causing significant losses as a result of increased management costs coupl...

    Authors: Wendy JM Smith, Yutao Li, Aaron Ingham, Eliza Collis, Sean M McWilliam, Tom J Dixon, Belinda J Norris, Suzanne I Mortimer, Robert J Moore and Antonio Reverter

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:27

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic presented homogeneity of the phenotype. This classical BSE (called C-type) was probably due to the contamination of the food chain by a single prion strain. ...

    Authors: Alexandre Dobly, Jan Langeveld, Lucien van Keulen, Caroline Rodeghiero, Stéphanie Durand, Riet Geeroms, Patrick Van Muylem, Jessica De Sloovere, Emmanuel Vanopdenbosch and Stefan Roels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:26

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Susceptibility of sheep to scrapie infection is known to be modulated by the PrP genotype of the animal. In the Netherlands an ambitious scrapie control programme was started in 1998, based on genetic selectio...

    Authors: Thomas J Hagenaars, Marielle B Melchior, Alex Bossers, Aart Davidse, Bas Engel and Fred G van Zijderveld

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:25

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Following EU decision 2003/100/EC Member States have recently implemented sheep breeding programmes to reduce the prevalence of sheep with TSE susceptible prion genotypes. The present paper investigates the pr...

    Authors: Marielle B Melchior, Jack J Windig, Thomas J Hagenaars, Alex Bossers, Aart Davidse and Fred G van Zijderveld

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2010 6:24

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