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  1. Content type: Research article

    Two annual surveys, the abattoir and the fallen stock, monitor the presence of scrapie across Europe. A simple comparison between the prevalence estimates in different countries reveals that, in 2003, the abat...

    Authors: Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Petter Hopp, Telmo Nunes, Giuseppe Ru, Kumar Sivam and Angel Ortiz-Pelaez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:13

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  2. Content type: Research article

    We have evaluated a sensitive screening assay for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex organisms and a specific assay for detecting Mycobacterium bovis DNA in lymph nodes taken from cattle with evidence of bo...

    Authors: G Michael Taylor, Danny R Worth, Si Palmer, Keith Jahans and R Glyn Hewinson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:12

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  3. Content type: Methodology article

    There are a few works considering the characterization of canine monocyte-derived macrophages as well as a standardized procedure for isolation, culture, and infection of these cells with Leishmania. We have perf...

    Authors: Weverton M Sampaio, Eliane P Moura, Felipe CS Arruda, Raul R Ribeiro, Cíntia F Alves, Ferdinan A Melo, Ana Paula SM Fernandes, Marilene SM Michalick, Maria N Melo, Washington L Tafuri and Wagner L Tafuri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:11

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  4. Content type: Methodology article

    International trade regulations require that countries document their livestock's sanitary status in general and freedom from specific infective agents in detail provided that import restrictions should be app...

    Authors: Lea Knopf, Heinzpeter Schwermer and Katharina DC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:10

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The quantification of gene expression in tissue samples requires the use of reference genes to normalise transcript numbers between different samples. Reference gene stability may vary between different tissue...

    Authors: Duncan Ayers, Dylan N Clements, Fiona Salway and Philip JR Day

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:7

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Helminth infections in small ruminants are serious problems in the developing world, particularly where nutrition and sanitation are poor. This study investigated the burden and risk factors of gastrointestina...

    Authors: Agricola Odoi, Joseph M Gathuma, Charles K Gachuiri and Amos Omore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:6

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Dogs are popular pets in many countries. Identifying differences between those who own dogs or have contact with dogs, and those who do not, is useful to those interested in the human-animal bond, human health...

    Authors: Carri Westgarth, Gina L Pinchbeck, John WS Bradshaw, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M Gaskell and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:5

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Desmoglein 1 (DSG1) is the target protein in the skin disease exudative epidermitis in pigs caused by virulent strains of Staphylococcus hyicus. The exfoliative toxins produced by S. hyicus digest the porcine des...

    Authors: Lise Daugaard, Lars Ole Andresen and Merete Fredholm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:4

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Injury to the supraspinous ligament (SSL) is reported to cause back pain in the horse. The diagnosis is based on clinical examination and confirmed by ultrasonographic examination. The ultrasonographic appeara...

    Authors: Frances MD Henson, Luis Lamas, Sabina Knezevic and Leo B Jeffcott

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:3

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Atypical scrapie is a recently recognised form of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of sheep that differs from classical scrapie in its neuropathological and biochemical features. Most cases are detected...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Andrew Davis, Gemma Bone, John Bracegirdle, Sharon Everitt, Melanie Chaplin, Ginny C Saunders, Saira Cawthraw and Marion M Simmons

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:2

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Colic (abdominal pain) is a clinical condition of serious concern affecting the welfare and survival of donkeys at the Donkey Sanctuary in the UK. One of the most commonly reported causes is due to impacted in...

    Authors: Ruth Cox, Christopher J Proudman, Andrew F Trawford, Faith Burden and Gina L Pinchbeck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2007 3:1

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this proteomics study was to identify proteins that changed expression as a result of copper challenge in the uniquely copper sensitive North Ronaldsay sheep and further, to compare those chan...

    Authors: Deborah M Simpson, Ali Mobasheri, Susan Haywood and Robert J Beynon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:36

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Prion diseases are characterised by a neurodegenerative pattern in which the function of immune system remains still elusive. In the present study, we evaluate if an exogenous treatment with Interleukin-12 (IL...

    Authors: Paolo Pasquali, Romolo Nonno, Maria Teresa Mandara, Michele Angelo Di Bari, Giovanni Ricci, Paola Petrucci, Silvia Capuccini, Claudia Cartoni, Agostino Macrì and Umberto Agrimi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:37

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  14. Content type: Research article

    During systemic gram-negative bacterial infections, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) ligation to the hepatic Toll-like receptor-4 complex induces the production of hepatic acute phase proteins that are involved in the...

    Authors: Honghe Cao, Leah C Kabaroff, Qiumei You, Alexander Rodriguez, Herman J Boermans and Niel A Karrow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:34

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus uberis is a common cause of bovine mastitis and recommended control measures, based on improved milking practice, teat dipping and antibiotic treatment at drying-off, are poorly efficient against th...

    Authors: Florence B Gilbert, Angélina Fromageau, Jérémy Lamoureux and Bernard Poutrel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:33

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Indian cattle (Bos indicus) and riverine buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) give a poor yield of milk but it has a high fat and protein percentage compared to taurine cattle. The identification of QTLs (Quantitative Trait...

    Authors: Madhu S Tantia, Ramesh K Vijh, Bishnu P Mishra, Bina Mishra, ST Bharani Kumar and Monika Sodhi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:32

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Given the theoretical proposal that bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) could have originated from sheep scrapie, this study investigated the pathogenicity for cattle, by intracerebral (i.c.) inoculation, o...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Yoon Hee Lee, Michael J Stack, Claire Horrocks, Robert B Green, Melanie Chaplin, Marion M Simmons, Steve AC Hawkins, Richard Lockey, John Spiropoulos, John W Wilesmith and Gerald AH Wells

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:31

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of even-toed ungulates. Serological diagnosis/surveillance of FMD presents several problems as there are seven serotypes worldwide and in the e...

    Authors: Barend M deC Bronsvoort, Nils Toft, Ingrid E Bergmann, Karl-Johan Sørensen, John Anderson, Viviane Malirat, Vincent N Tanya and Kenton L Morgan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:30

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dogs are associated with more than 60 zoonotic diseases among which, parasitosis and, in particular, helminthosis, can pose serious public-health concerns worldwide. Many canine gastrointestinal parasites elim...

    Authors: Laura Rinaldi, Annibale Biggeri, Sabrina Carbone, Vincenzo Musella, Dolores Catelan, Vincenzo Veneziano and Giuseppe Cringoli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:29

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The rate of pubertal development and weaning to estrus interval are correlated and affect reproductive efficiency of swine. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for age of puberty, nipple number and ovulation rate ha...

    Authors: Dan J Nonneman, Tommy H Wise, J Joe Ford, Larry A Kuehn and Gary A Rohrer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:28

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Colic is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in domesticated horses yet many questions about this condition remain to be answered. One such question is: does season have an effect on the occurrence o...

    Authors: Debra C Archer, Gina L Pinchbeck, Christopher J Proudman and Helen E Clough

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:27

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In November 2002, an anonymous postal survey of sheep farmers in Great Britain (GB) was conducted to identify factors associated with the flock-level occurrence of scrapie. This survey was undertaken to update...

    Authors: K Marie McIntyre, Simon Gubbins, S Kumar Sivam and Matthew Baylis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:25

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The genetic diversity of Anaplasma platys (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) strains is currently poorly defined. The present study was designed to characterize A. patys strains in dogs from Palermo, Sicily, Italy,...

    Authors: José de la Fuente, Alessandra Torina, Victoria Naranjo, Silviane Nicosia, Angelina Alongi, Francesco La Mantia and Katherine M Kocan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:24

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Porcine congenital splayleg (PCS) is the most important congenital condition of piglets, associated with lameness and immobility, of unknown aetiology and pathogenesis, hence the need to better understand the ...

    Authors: Peck-Toung Ooi, Nuno da Costa, Julia Edgar and Kin-Chow Chang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:23

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea and mortality resulting from infections with enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are of major economic importance in the rabbit meat industry. There is a growing need for an effective vaccine to cop...

    Authors: Tim Stakenborg, Dominique Vandekerchove, Jonas Mariën, Hans Laevens, Hein Imberechts and Johan Peeters

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:22

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) belongs to the group of animal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). BSE epidemic in the UK and elsewhere in Europe has been linked to the use of bov...

    Authors: Loredana Ingrosso, Beatriz Novoa, Andrea Z Dalla Valle, Franco Cardone, Raquel Aranguren, Marco Sbriccoli, Simona Bevivino, Marcello Iriti, Quanguo Liu, Vito Vetrugno, Mei Lu, Franco Faoro, Salvatore Ciappellano, Antonio Figueras and Maurizio Pocchiari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:21

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Because the incubation period of scrapie has a strong host genetic component and a dose-response relationship, it is possible that changes will occur during an outbreak, especially in the genotypes of cases, a...

    Authors: K Marie McIntyre, Simon Gubbins, Wilfred Goldmann, Emily Stevenson and Matthew Baylis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:20

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  28. Content type: Methodology article

    Diagnosis based on prion detection in lymph nodes of sheep and goats can improve active surveillance for scrapie and, if it were circulating, for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). With sizes that allow r...

    Authors: Jan PM Langeveld, Jorg G Jacobs, Jo HF Erkens, Alex Bossers, Fred G van Zijderveld and Lucien JM van Keulen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:19

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  29. Content type: Research article

    DNA vaccination has been shown to elicit specific cellular and humoral immune responses to many different agents in a broad variety of species. However, looking at a commercial use, the duration of the immune ...

    Authors: Karolien Loots, Bart Vleugels, Ellen Ons, Daisy Vanrompay and Bruno Maria Goddeeris

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:18

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  30. Content type: Methodology article

    We compared skin biopsy samples from different anatomical regions for detecting Leishmania in dogs, using histological (HE), immunohistochemical (IHC) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques.

    Authors: Sílvio Coura Xavier, Hélida Monteiro de Andrade, Semíramis Jamil Hadad Monte, Ingrid Maria Chiarelli, Wanderson Geraldo Lima, Marilene Suzan Marques Michalick, Washington Luiz Tafuri and Wagner Luiz Tafuri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:17

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Piroplasmosis in cattle is caused by tick-borne haemoprotozoan parasites of the genera Theileria and Babesia. Molecular detection techniques offer higher sensitivity and specificity than microscopy examination me...

    Authors: Josune García-Sanmartín, Daniel Nagore, Ana L García-Pérez, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:16

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Inguinal hernias are usually caused by a congenital defect, which occurs as a weakness of the inguinal canal. Porcine β-glucuronidase gene (GUSB) was chosen as functional candidate gene because of its involvement...

    Authors: Julia Beck, Kirsten Bornemann-Kolatzki, Christoph Knorr, Helge Taeubert and Bertram Brenig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:14

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1) is a common cause of respiratory and ocular disease in cats. Especially in young kittens that have not yet reached the age of vaccination, but already lost maternal immunity, sever...

    Authors: K van der Meulen, B Garré, S Croubels and H Nauwynck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:13

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) is a debilitating disorder thought to be limited to suspensory ligaments of Peruvian Pasos, Peruvian Paso crosses, Arabians, American Saddlebreds, American Quar...

    Authors: Jaroslava Halper, Byoungjae Kim, Ahrar Khan, Jung Hae Yoon and PO Eric Mueller

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:12

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Postweaning diarrhoea (PWD) in pigs is usually the main infectious problem of large-scale farms and is responsible for significant losses worldwide. The disease is caused mainly by enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) ...

    Authors: Hung Vu Khac, Emil Holoda, Emil Pilipcinec, Miguel Blanco, Jesús E Blanco, Azucena Mora, Ghizlane Dahbi, Cecilia López, Enrique A González and Jorge Blanco

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:10

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Coat colours in canines have many natural phenotypic variants. Some of the genes and alleles involved also cause genetic developmental defects, which are also observed in humans and mice. We studied the geneti...

    Authors: Benoit Hédan, Sébastien Corre, Christophe Hitte, Stéphane Dréano, Thierry Vilboux, Thomas Derrien, Bernard Denis, Francis Galibert, Marie-Dominique Galibert and Catherine André

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:9

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Chemical immobilization of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) has previously been, for the most part, problematic and this has been mainly attributed to the type of immobilizing agent used. In addition to in...

    Authors: Kathryn E Wheatley, Corey JA Bradshaw, Robert G Harcourt, Lloyd S Davis and Mark A Hindell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:8

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In a previous study, it was demonstrated that high replication of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) in a gnotobiotic pig was correlated with the absence of PCV2-neutralizing antibodies. The aim of the present study ...

    Authors: Peter Meerts, Gerald Misinzo, David Lefebvre, Jens Nielsen, Anette Bøtner, Charlotte S Kristensen and Hans J Nauwynck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:6

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus intermedius has been isolated from healthy dogs and pigeons as well as diseased dogs. Similar to Staphylococcus aureus, S. intermedius is known to carry many virulence factors but most of these fac...

    Authors: Keiko Futagawa-Saito, William Ba-Thein, Naomi Sakurai and Tsuguaki Fukuyasu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:4

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A key challenge for modelling infectious disease dynamics is to understand the spatial spread of infection in real landscapes. This ideally requires a parallel record of spatial epidemic spread and a detailed ...

    Authors: Nicholas J Savill, Darren J Shaw, Rob Deardon, Michael J Tildesley, Matthew J Keeling, Mark EJ Woolhouse, Stephen P Brooks and Bryan T Grenfell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:3

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A panel of 37 rabies virus isolates were collected and studied, originating mainly from the northern and central regions of Namibia, between 1980 and 2003.

    Authors: Karen Mansfield, Lorraine McElhinney, Otto Hübschle, Felix Mettler, Claude Sabeta, Louis H Nel and Anthony R Fooks

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2006 2:2

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