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  1. Content type: Research article

    In order to study the sites of uptake and mechanisms of dissemination of scrapie prions in the natural host under controlled conditions, lambs aged 14 days and homozygous for the VRQ allele of the PrP gene wer...

    Authors: Stephen J Ryder, Glenda E Dexter, Lindsay Heasman, Richard Warner and S Jo Moore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:9

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the wake of the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy the British government established a flock of sheep from which scrapie-free animals are supplied to laboratories for research. Three breeds of sh...

    Authors: Hugh A Simmons, Marion M Simmons, Yvonne I Spencer, Melanie J Chaplin, Gill Povey, Andrew Davis, Angel Ortiz-Pelaez, Nora Hunter, Danny Matthews and Anthony E Wrathall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:8

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is observed in pigs and transmission to humans is implied. To be able to estimate public health risks from e.g. contact with pigs or consumption of pork products, the...

    Authors: Martijn Bouwknegt, Saskia A Rutjes, Chantal BEM Reusken, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Klaas Frankena, Mart CM de Jong, Ana Maria de Roda Husman and Wim HM van der Poel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:7

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Bovine herpesvirus type-1 (BHV-1) is an important pathogen of cattle that presents with a variety of clinical signs, including the upper respiratory tract infection infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). A s...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana M Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:5

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Bovine Tuberculosis is prevalent in Algeria despite governmental attempts to control the disease. The objective of this study was to conduct, for the first time, molecular characterization of a population samp...

    Authors: Naima Sahraoui, Borna Müller, Djamel Guetarni, Fadéla Boulahbal, Djamel Yala, Rachid Ouzrout, Stefan Berg, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:4

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Selective breeding programmes, based on prion protein (PrP) genotype, have been introduced throughout the European Union to reduce the risk of sheep transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). These prog...

    Authors: Simon Gubbins, Charlotte J Cook, Kieran Hyder, Kay Boulton, Carol Davis, Eurion Thomas, Will Haresign, Stephen C Bishop, Beatriz Villanueva and Rachel D Eglin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:3

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Listeria monocytogenes is among the most important foodborne bacterial pathogens due to the high mortality rate and severity of the infection. L. monocytogenes is a ubiquitous organism occasionally present in the...

    Authors: Jon I Esteban, Beatriz Oporto, Gorka Aduriz, Ramón A Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2009 5:2

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important and highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed domestic and wild animals. Virus isolation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...

    Authors: Tatiane A Paixão, Alcina V Carvalho Neta, Naimes O Paiva, Jorge R Reis, Meirivan S Barbosa, Claudia V Serra, René R Silva, Tammy R Beckham, Barbara M Martin, Neville P Clarke, L Garry Adams and Renato L Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:53

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Globalization and subsequent growth in international trade in animals and animal products has increased the importance of international disease reporting. Efficient and reliable surveillance systems are needed...

    Authors: Daniela C Hadorn, Sabina Seric Haracic and Katharina DC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:52

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    Pinnipeds, including many endangered and declining species, are inaccessible and difficult to monitor for extended periods using externally attached telemetry devices that are shed during the annual molt. Arch...

    Authors: Markus Horning, Martin Haulena, Pamela A Tuomi and Jo-Ann E Mellish

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:51

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The H5N1 strain of avian influenza virus has been involved in severe mortality in domestic poultry, and has also been found in different species of wildlife in Europe. The Basque Country avian influenza survei...

    Authors: M Barral, V Alvarez, RA Juste, I Agirre and I Inchausti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:50

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. They may harbour a wide range of parasites with zoonotic potential, thus causing a health risk to humans. In Nigeria, epidemiological knowledge on these parasite...

    Authors: Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko, Liana Ariza and Jorg Heukelbach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:49

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The between- and within-herd variability of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) antibodies were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 103 British pig herds conducted 2003–2004. Fif...

    Authors: Charlotte M Evans, Graham F Medley and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:48

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Rotavirus (RV), is a member of the Reoviridae family and an important etiological agent of acute viral gastroenteritis in the young. Rotaviruses have a wide host range infecting a broad range of animal species, h...

    Authors: Emily Mulherin, Jill Bryan, Marijke Beltman, Luke O'Grady, Eugene Pidgeon, Lucie Garon, Andrew Lloyd, John Bainbridge, Helen O'Shea, Paul Whyte and Séamus Fanning

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:46

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil is caused by the protozoan Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi and it is transmitted by sandfly of the genus Lutzomyia. Dogs are an important domestic reservoir, and control of the tr...

    Authors: BLA Verçosa, CM Lemos, IL Mendonça, SMMS Silva, SM de Carvalho, H Goto and FAL Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:45

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Vampire bats are important rabies virus vectors, causing critical problems in both the livestock industry and public health sector in Latin America. In order to assess the epidemiological characteristics of va...

    Authors: Yuki Kobayashi, Go Sato, Nobuyuki Mochizuki, Shinji Hirano, Takuya Itou, Adolorata AB Carvalho, Avelino Albas, Hamilton P Santos, Fumio H Ito and Takeo Sakai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:44

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  17. Content type: Methodology article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains a significant problem in some parts of Spain largely because of contacts between cattle and wildlife reservoirs in extensive grazing systems. European Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is o...

    Authors: Olaia Aurtenetxe, Marta Barral, Joaquín Vicente, José de la Fuente, Christian Gortázar and Ramón A Juste

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:43

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  18. Content type: Methodology article

    The design of veterinary and public health surveillance systems has been improved by the ability to combine Geographical Information Systems (GIS), mathematical models and up to date epidemiological knowledge....

    Authors: V Racloz, G Venter, C Griot and KDC Stärk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:42

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Models of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) transmission have assumed a homogeneous landscape across which Euclidean distance is a suitable measure of the spatial dependency of transmission. This paper investigated...

    Authors: Paul R Bessell, Darren J Shaw, Nicholas J Savill and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:40

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The syndrome of arachnomelia is an inherited malformation mainly of limbs, back and head in cattle. At present the arachnomelia syndrome has been well known mainly in Brown Swiss cattle. Nevertheless, the arac...

    Authors: Johannes Buitkamp, Bernhard Luntz, Reiner Emmerling, Horst-Dieter Reichenbach, Myriam Weppert, Benjamin Schade, Norbert Meier and Kay-Uwe Götz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:39

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The epidemic form of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is generally considered to have been caused by a single prion strain but at least two strain variants of cattle prion disorders have recently been re...

    Authors: Martin Jeffrey, Belinda Baquero Perez, Stuart Martin, Linda Terry and Lorenzo González

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:38

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus; Scophthalmidae; Pleuronectiformes) is a flatfish species of great relevance for marine aquaculture in Europe. In contrast to other cultured flatfish, very few genomic resources a...

    Authors: Belén G Pardo, Carlos Fernández, Adrián Millán, Carmen Bouza, Araceli Vázquez-López, Manuel Vera, José A Alvarez-Dios, Manuel Calaza, Antonio Gómez-Tato, María Vázquez, Santiago Cabaleiro, Beatriz Magariños, Manuel L Lemos, José M Leiro and Paulino Martínez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:37

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases that affect several mammalian species. At least three factors related to the host prion protein are known to modulate susceptibil...

    Authors: Brian W Brunelle, Justin J Greenlee, Christopher M Seabury, Charles E Brown II and Eric M Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:36

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Neosporosis caused by the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum, is an economically important cause of abortion, stillbirth, low milk yield, reduced weight gain and premature culling in cattle. Consequently, a sero...

    Authors: Kerry A Woodbine, Graham F Medley, Stephen J Moore, Ana Ramirez-Villaescusa, Sam Mason and Laura E Green

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:35

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious viral disease of small ruminants in Africa and Asia. In 1999, probably the largest survey on PPR ever conducted in Africa was initiated in Ethiopia where 13 651...

    Authors: Agnès Waret-Szkuta, François Roger, David Chavernac, Laikemariam Yigezu, Geneviève Libeau, Dirk U Pfeiffer and Javier Guitián

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:34

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In August 2006 a major epidemic of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV8) started off in North-West Europe. In the course of 2007 it became evident that BTV8 had survived the winter in North-West Europe, re-emerge...

    Authors: Armin RW Elbers, Johan Popma, Sandra Oosterwolde, Piet A van Rijn, Piet Vellema and Eugène MA van Rooij

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:33

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Canine cutaneous mast cell tumor (MCT) is a common neoplastic disease associated with a variable biologic behavior. Surgery remains the primary treatment for canine MCT; however, radiation therapy (RT) and che...

    Authors: Joshua D Webster, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, Douglas H Thamm, Elizabeth Hamilton and Matti Kiupel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:32

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  28. Content type: Methodology article

    Enteric Redmouth (ERM) disease also known as Yersiniosis is a contagious disease affecting salmonids, mainly rainbow trout. The causative agent is the gram-negative bacterium Yersinia ruckeri. The disease can be ...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Hatem Soliman and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:31

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Ingestion of the poisonous weed ragwort (Senecio jacobea) by horses leads to irreversible liver damage. The principal toxins of ragwort are the pyrrolizidine alkaloids that are rapidly metabolised to highly react...

    Authors: Rowan E Moore, Derek Knottenbelt, Jacqueline B Matthews, Robert J Beynon and Phillip D Whitfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:30

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Boar taint is the unpleasant odour and flavour of the meat of uncastrated male pigs that is primarily caused by high levels of androstenone and skatole in adipose tissue. Androstenone is a steroid and its leve...

    Authors: Maren Moe, Sigbjørn Lien, Christian Bendixen, Jakob Hedegaard, Henrik Hornshøj, Ingunn Berget, Theo HE Meuwissen and Eli Grindflek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:29

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered ...

    Authors: Marcos G Godoy, Alejandra Aedo, Molly JT Kibenge, David B Groman, Carmencita V Yason, Horts Grothusen, Angelica Lisperguer, Marlene Calbucura, Fernando Avendaño, Marcelo Imilán, Miguel Jarpa and Frederick SB Kibenge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:28

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The commercial poultry industry in United Kingdom (UK) is worth an estimated £3.4 billion at retail value, producing over 174 million birds for consumption per year. An epidemic of any poultry disease with hig...

    Authors: Jennifer E Dent, Rowland R Kao, Istvan Z Kiss, Kieran Hyder and Mark Arnold

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:27

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Mali is one of the most important livestock producers of the Sahel region of Africa. A high frequency of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) has been reported but surveillance and control schemes are restricted to abatt...

    Authors: Borna Müller, Benjamin Steiner, Bassirou Bonfoh, Adama Fané, Noel H Smith and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:26

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In 2006, an atypical U.S. case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was discovered in Alabama and later reported to be polymorphic for glutamate (E) and lysine (K) codons at position 211 in the bovine pri...

    Authors: Michael P Heaton, John W Keele, Gregory P Harhay, Jürgen A Richt, Mohammad Koohmaraie, Tommy L Wheeler, Steven D Shackelford, Eduardo Casas, D Andy King, Tad S Sonstegard, Curtis P Van Tassell, Holly L Neibergs, Chad C Chase Jr, Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Timothy PL Smith, Michael L Clawson…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:25

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Biosecurity is at the forefront of the fight against infectious diseases in animal populations. Few research studies have attempted to identify and quantify the effectiveness of biosecurity against disease int...

    Authors: Ángel Ortiz-Pelaez and Dirk U Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:24

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A genetic study was performed to identify candidate genes associated with day blindness in the standard wire haired dachshund. Based on a literature review of diseases in dogs and human with phenotypes similar...

    Authors: Anne Caroline Wiik, Ernst-Otto Ropstad, Ellen Bjerkås and Frode Lingaas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:23

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Results regarding the use of bovine somatotropin for enhancing fertility in dairy cattle are variable. Here, the hypothesis was tested that a single injection of a sustained-release preparation of bovine somat...

    Authors: A Bell, OA Rodríguez, LA de Castro e Paula, MB Padua, J Hernández-Cerón, CG Gutiérrez, A De Vries and PJ Hansen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In many of the European countries affected by Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), case clustering patterns have been observed. Most of these patterns have been interpreted in terms of heterogeneities in ex...

    Authors: Lourens Heres, Dick J Brus and Thomas J Hagenaars

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:21

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Akabane virus is a member of the genus Orthobunyavirus in the family Bunyaviridae. It is transmitted by hematophagous arthropod vectors such as Culicoides biting midges and is widely distributed in temperate to t...

    Authors: Ryota Kono, Miki Hirata, Masaya Kaji, Yukitoshi Goto, Shogo Ikeda, Tohru Yanase, Tomoko Kato, Shogo Tanaka, Toshiyuki Tsutsui, Tadao Imada and Makoto Yamakawa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:20

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The development of active surveillance programmes for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies of small ruminants across Europe has led to the recent identification of a previously undetected form of ovine pr...

    Authors: Alexandre Fediaevsky, Sue C Tongue, Maria Nöremark, Didier Calavas, Giuseppe Ru and Petter Hopp

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:19

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Mastitis in dairy cattle results from infection of mammary tissue by a range of micro-organisms but principally coliform bacteria and Gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus. The former species are o...

    Authors: Ylva C Strandberg Lutzow, Laurelea Donaldson, Christian P Gray, Tony Vuocolo, Roger D Pearson, Antonio Reverter, Keren A Byrne, Paul A Sheehy, Ross Windon and Ross L Tellam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:18

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), a member of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE), primarily affects cattle. Transmission is via concentrate feed rations contaminated with infected meat a...

    Authors: Mark P Dagleish, Stuart Martin, Philip Steele, Jeanie Finlayson, Sílvia Sisó, Scott Hamilton, Francesca Chianini, Hugh W Reid, Lorenzo González and Martin Jeffrey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:17

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The variability in the clinical or pathological presentation of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in sheep, such as scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), has been attributed to pri...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Gemma Bone, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Raul Tortosa, Andrew Davis, Glenda Dexter, Peter Hill, Martin Jeffrey, Marion M Simmons, Melanie J Chaplin, Susan J Bellworthy and Christine Berthelin-Baker

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:16

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Indication-based data on the use of antimicrobials in animals were collected using a prospective cross-sectional survey, similarly as for surveys carried out in human medicine, but adapting the questionnaire t...

    Authors: Katariina Thomson, Merja Rantala, Maria Hautala, Satu Pyörälä and Liisa Kaartinen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:15

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The risk of scrapie infection increases with increased duration and proximity of contact between sheep at lambing. Scrapie infectivity has not been detected in milk but cellular prion protein, the precursor of...

    Authors: Timm Konold, S Jo Moore, Susan J Bellworthy and Hugh A Simmons

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2008 4:14

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