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Virology

The virology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of viruses of veterinary importance. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging viral infections are also considered. 

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  1. Since early 2015, mule duck and Cherry Valley duck flocks have been suffering from short beak and dwarfism syndrome. This widely spreading infectious disease is characterized by growth retardation, smaller bea...

    Authors: Guozhi Bian, Haibin Ma, Mengping Luo, Fengping Gong, Bo Li, Guiping Wang, Mudassar Mohiuddin, Ming Liao and Jianfeng Yuan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:88

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is prevalent in pigs and may serve as a reservoir for human infection. However, data on HEV infections in pigs in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, are limited. Here, we clarified the process ...

    Authors: Takumi Motoya, Masahiro Umezawa, Keiko Goto, Ikuko Doi, Noriko Nagata, Yoshiaki Ikeda, Atsushi Sakuta, Nobuya Sasaki and Koji Ishii

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:87

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The Shimen strain of classical swine fever (CSF) virus (CSFV) causes CSF, which is mainly characterised by disseminated intravascular haemorrhage. Macrophages are an essential component of innate immunity agai...

    Authors: Xiaocheng Gong, Aoxue Hu, Xuepeng Li, Jun He, Zhongxing Wu, Xi Zuo and Pengbo Ning

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:82

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3), recently widely isolated from pigs with various clinical conditions, is likely globally epidemic. However, development of serological diagnosis for PCV3 in pigs is ongoing. Ou...

    Authors: Sujiao Zhang, Dongliang Wang, Yifan Jiang, Zhoumian Li, Yawen Zou, Meng Li, Haoyang Yu, Kun Huang, Yi Yang and Naidong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:79

    Content type: Methodology article

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  5. Honey bee population decline threatens the beekeeping sector, agriculture and global biodiversity. Early detection of colony mortality may facilitate rapid interventions to contain and prevent mortality spread...

    Authors: Sandra Barroso-Arévalo, Marina Vicente-Rubiano, Francisco Puerta, Fernando Molero and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:72

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Wildebeest associated malignant catarrhal fever (WA-MCF) is a fatal disease of cattle. Outbreaks are seasonal and associated with close interaction between cattle and calving wildebeest. In Kenya, WA-MCF has a...

    Authors: Sheillah Ayiela Orono, George Chege Gitao, Jean Pierre Mpatswenumugabo, Maurine Chepkwony, Christine Mutisya, Edward Okoth, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, George Cameron Russell, Vishvanath Nene and Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:69

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) was caused by novel goose parvovirus (NGPV)--a variant of goose parvovirus (GPV). Ducks infected with NGPV shows clinical signs including growth retardation and protrusi...

    Authors: Jinyue Zhang, Peng Liu, Yuanyuan Wu, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xinxin Zhao, Shaqiu Zhang, Yunya Liu, Ling Zhang, Yanling Yu, Yu You, Shun Chen…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:63

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a single-stranded, closed circular DNA virus, which causes porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), multisystemic inflammation, and reproductive failure. The pres...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Wenchao Sun, Liang Cao, Min Zheng, Yilong Zhu, Wenjie Li, Cunxia Liu, Xinyu Zhuang, Jialiang Xing, Huijun Lu, Tingrong Luo and Ningyi Jin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:60

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease affecting members of the Cervidae family. PrPC primary structures play a key role in CWD susceptibility resulting in extended incubation periods and regulating the...

    Authors: Alicia Otero, Camilo Duque Velásquez, Chad Johnson, Allen Herbst, Rosa Bolea, Juan José Badiola, Judd Aiken and Debbie McKenzie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:50

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Tembusu virus (TMUV), classified in the genus Flavivirus, causes reduced egg production and neurological problems in poultry. Flavivirus replication depends on the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induces ER s...

    Authors: Dongmin Zhao, Jing Yang, Kaikai Han, Qingtao Liu, Huili Wang, Yuzhuo Liu, Xinmei Huang, Lijiao Zhang and Yin Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:34

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly effective pathogen that can cause death of new-born piglet, resulting in big economical loss in pig farming industry. For rapid detection of PEDV, a new immun...

    Authors: Hongfen Bian, Fei Xu, Yumin Jia, Lei Wang, Shengchao Deng, Aiqing Jia and Yong Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:32

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) is one of the most common etiological agents that cause severe gastroenteritis in puppies. Early accurate diagnosis is important for infected dogs. In recent years, magnetic separat...

    Authors: Linlin Zhuang, Yongxin Ji, Peilong Tian, Kaixuan Wang, Chengkun Kou, Ning Gu and Yu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:30

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes diarrhea in all ages of pigs with 50–100% mortality rates in neonatal piglets. In the United States, inactivated and subunit PEDV vaccines for pregnant sows are av...

    Authors: Chun-Ming Lin, Shristi Ghimire, Yixuan Hou, Patricia Boley, Stephanie N. Langel, Anastasia N. Vlasova, Linda J. Saif and Qiuhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:26

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) is associated with gastrointestinal, respiratory and reproductive diseases of livestock across the world that causes continuous economic losses in the cattle industry. This v...

    Authors: Juan Quintero Barbosa, Adriana P. Corredor Figueroa, Sandra S. Salas, Hugo Camargo, Alfredo Sanchéz, Julio Tobón, Diego Ortiz, Eric Schachtebeck and Maria Fernanda Gutierrez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:23

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Contagious ecthyma (CE) appears in the countries and regions containing goat and sheep farms, and it is considered a global epidemic. CE not only severely endangers the healthy development of the sheep and goa...

    Authors: Guangxiang Wang, Yanhua Wang, Jiaqi Kong, Yanmin Li, Jinyan Wu, Yan Chen, Xiangtao Liu, Youjun Shang and Zhidong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:13

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Since 2011, pseudorabies caused by a variant PRV has re-emerged in many Chinese Bartha-K61-vaccinated pig farms. An efficacious vaccine is necessary to control this disease. We described the construction of a ...

    Authors: Chuanjian Zhang, Yamei Liu, Saisai Chen, Yongfeng Qiao, Mingpeng Guo, Yating Zheng, Mengwei Xu, Zhisheng Wang, Jibo Hou and Jichun Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:2

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is the causative agent of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL). The incidence of EBL in Japan is increasing annually; and the cases of EBL in cattle younger than 2 years old has been repo...

    Authors: Misako Konishi, Hiroshi Ishizaki, Ken-ichiro Kameyama, Kenji Murakami and Takehisa Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:419

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Vaccination is the principal strategy for prevention and control of diseases, and adjuvant use is an effective strategy to enhance vaccine efficacy. Traditional mineral oil-based adjuvants have been reported w...

    Authors: Jinqiu Zhang, Jinfeng Miao, Xiangan Han, Yu Lu, Bihua Deng, Fang Lv, Yanhong Zhao, Chan Ding and Jibo Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:415

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Canine noroviruses (CaNoVs) are classified into genogroups GIV, GVI, and GVII and have been detected in fecal samples from dogs since their first appearance in a dog with enteritis in Italy in 2007. CaNoVs may...

    Authors: Kwang-Soo Lyoo, Min-Chul Jung, Sun-Woo Yoon, Hye Kwon Kim and Dae Gwin Jeong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:413

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Currently, the structural characteristics of the swine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule, also named swine leukocyte antigen class I (SLA-I) molecule need to be further clarified.

    Authors: Feng-shan Gao, Lei Feng, Ping Jiang, Zi-bin Li, Hua Gao, Xiao-xin Zhai, Zong-hui Zhang and Xiao Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:407

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The results of experiments involving broiler chickens and turkeys indicate that increased dietary methionine (Met) levels may improve the antioxidant protection of tissues in fast-growing birds. This is an imp...

    Authors: Jan Jankowski, Bartłomiej Tykałowski, Katarzyna Ognik, Andrzej Koncicki, Magdalena Kubińska and Zenon Zduńczyk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:404

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Since July in 2015, an emerging infectious disease, Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) species C infection with Hepatitis-Hydropericardium syndrome was prevalent in chicken flocks in China. In our study, one FAdV strain w...

    Authors: Limin Li, Jianchang Wang, Ping Chen, Shan Zhang, Jiguo Sun and Wanzhe Yuan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:400

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Murine norovirus (MNV) is recognized as the most prevalent viral pathogen in captive mouse colonies. The rapid detection assay for MNV would be a useful tool for monitoring and preventing MNV infection. A reco...

    Authors: Lei Ma, Fanwen Zeng, Feng Cong, Bihong Huang, Yujun Zhu, Miaoli Wu, Fengjiao Xu, Wen Yuan, Ren Huang and Pengju Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:399

    Content type: Methodology article

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  24. Enteroviruses (Picornaviridae family) have been widely detected in the feces from cattle with diarrhea. However, the mechanisms responsible for the pathogenicity of enteroviruses in cattle remain unclear. Recentl...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Xinnuo Chen, Hua Yue, Wenqiang Ruan, Sinan Qin and Cheng Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:395

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in chickens. There are numerous serotypes and variants, which do not confer cross protection resulting in failure of cu...

    Authors: Aruna Amarasinghe, Upasama De Silva Senapathi, Mohamed Sarjoon Abdul-Cader, Shelly Popowich, Frank Marshall, Susan C. Cork, Frank van der Meer, Susantha Gomis and Mohamed Faizal Abdul-Careem

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:391

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pigs (Sus scrofa) are the natural hosts of pseudorabies virus (PRV), also known as Aujeszky’s disease. Infection in mammals, with the exception of humans, typically causes extreme itching, facial swelling, and ex...

    Authors: Kerri Pedersen, Clinton T. Turnage, Wesson D. Gaston, Paulo Arruda, Scott A. Alls and Thomas Gidlewski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:388

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. The aim of the present study was to assess the reliability of a new strategy for monitoring the serological response against Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1), the causative agent of infectious bovine rhinotracheit...

    Authors: Barbara Colitti, Elvira Muratore, Maria Elena Careddu, Luigi Bertolotti, Bryan Iotti, Mario Giacobini, Margherita Profiti, Chiara Nogarol, Jens Böttcher, Andreino Ponzo, Roberto Facelli and Sergio Rosati

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:387

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one major cause of acute clinical hepatitis among humans throughout the world. In industrialized countries an increasing number of autochthonous HEV infections have been identified o...

    Authors: Lisa Dähnert, Martin Eiden, Josephine Schlosser, Christine Fast, Charlotte Schröder, Elke Lange, Albrecht Gröner, Wolfram Schäfer and Martin H. Groschup

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:381

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Currently, an in vitro immunogenicity screening system for the immunological assessment of potential porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine candidates is highly desired. Thus, in t...

    Authors: Nadeem Shabir, Amina Khatun, Salik Nazki, Suna Gu, Sang-Myoung Lee, Tai-Young Hur, Myoun-Sik Yang, Bumseok Kim and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:380

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Recently, pseudorabies (PR) outbreaks have been reported in a large number of swine herds vaccinated with the Bartha-K61 vaccine in China, the current pseudorabies virus (PRV) belonging to Genotype II is diffe...

    Authors: Zhicheng Liu, Chunhong Zhang, Haiyan Shen, Junying Sun and Jianfeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:372

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In 2011, the teratogenic, insect-transmitted Schmallenberg virus (SBV) emerged at the German/Dutch border region and subsequently spread rapidly throughout the European continent. In cattle, one of the major t...

    Authors: Kerstin Wernike, Mark Holsteg, Kevin P. Szillat and Martin Beer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:368

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Prior to 2010, the lagoviruses that cause rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) in European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare syndrome (EBHS) in hares (Lepus spp.) were generally genus-specific. ...

    Authors: Aleksija S. Neimanis, Harri Ahola, Ulrika Larsson Pettersson, Ana M. Lopes, Joana Abrantes, Siamak Zohari, Pedro J. Esteves and Dolores Gavier-Widén

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:367

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is one of the most highly infectious diseases in livestock, and leads to huge economic losses. Early diagnosis and rapid differentiati...

    Authors: Hongmei Wang, Peili Hou, Guimin Zhao, Li Yu, Yu-wei Gao and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:359

    Content type: Methodology article

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  34. H9N2 avian influenza virus is endemic in Egyptian poultry flocks. The role of the live viral vaccines such as LaSota in exaggeration of the clinical picture of H9N2 infection under field conditions is signific...

    Authors: Hany F. Ellakany, Ahmed R. Gado, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Hafez M. Hafez, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Ayman A. Swelum, Abdullah Al-Owaimer and Islam M. Saadeldin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:358

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Senecavirus A, commonly known as Seneca Valley virus (SVV), is a picornavirus that has been infrequently associated with porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD). In late 2014 there were multiple PIVD outbreak...

    Authors: Alexandra Buckley, Nestor Montiel, Baoqing Guo, Vikas Kulshreshtha, Albert van Geelen, Hai Hoang, Christopher Rademacher, Kyoung-Jin Yoon and Kelly Lager

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:352

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Chicken anemia virus (CAV), avian reovirus (ARV), infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), Marek’s disease virus (MDV) and reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) all cause immunosuppressive disease in birds through ...

    Authors: Feng Cong, Yujun Zhu, Jing Wang, Yuexiao Lian, Xiangnan Liu, Li Xiao, Ren Huang, Yu Zhang, Meili Chen and Pengju Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:347

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Border disease virus (BDV) is a pestivirus responsible for significant economic losses in sheep industry. The present study was conducted between 2015 and 2016 to determine the flock seroprevalence of the dise...

    Authors: Naouel Feknous, Jean-Baptiste Hanon, Marylène Tignon, Hamza Khaled, Abdallah Bouyoucef and Brigitte Cay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:339

    Content type: Research article

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  38. First identified in the United States in 2016, porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is a newly emerging porcine circovirus exhibiting a wide range of clinical syndromes, which may be associated with the pathogenic...

    Authors: Zhuo Ha, Chang-zhan Xie, Jin-feng Li, Shu-bo Wen, Ke-long Zhang, Fu-long Nan, He Zhang, Ying-cheng Guo, Wei Wang, Hui-jun Lu and Ning-yi Jin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:321

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus causes significant economic losses in cattle. BVDV has high genomic diversity, with two species, BVDV-1 and BVDV-2, and at least twenty-one subgenotypes for BVDV-1 and four subgenotype...

    Authors: Astrid Donoso, Felipe Inostroza, María Celedón and José Pizarro-Lucero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:314

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Surveillance and characterization of pig enteric viruses such as transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), rotavirus, astrovirus (PAstV), sapovirus (PSaV), kobuvirus a...

    Authors: Slavomira Salamunova, Anna Jackova, Rene Mandelik, Jaroslav Novotny, Michaela Vlasakova and Stefan Vilcek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:313

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The gp85 is the main envelope protein of avian leukosis subgroup J (ALV-J) involved in virus neutralization. Here, we mapped the epitope in ALV-J gp85 by ELISA using synthetic peptides and developed epitope ba...

    Authors: Kun Qian, Xue Tian, Hongxia Shao, Jianqiang Ye, Yongxiu Yao, Venugopal Nair and Aijian Qin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:295

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Porcine circovirus-associated diseases (PCVAD), caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), threaten the pig industry worldwide. Five genotypes of PCV2 were recently identified: PCV2a, PCV2b, PCV2c, PCV2d and ...

    Authors: Seung-Chai Kim, Salik Nazki, Sam Kwon, Jhung-Hyun Juhng, Kyeong-Hwan Mun, Do-Young Jeon, Chang-Gi Jeong, Amina Khatun, Seog-Jin Kang and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:294

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In 2014, a notification of porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) was made by the National Services of Animal Health of Argentina (SENASA) to the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE). The noti...

    Authors: Pablo Enrique Piñeyro, Maria Inez Lozada, Laura Valeria Alarcón, Ramon Sanguinetti, Javier Alejandro Cappuccio, Estefanía Marisol Pérez, Fabio Vannucci, Alberto Armocida, Darin Michael Madson, Carlos Juan Perfumo and Maria Alejandra Quiroga

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:292

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Since the outbreak of a new emerging virulent pseudorabies virus mutant in Chinese pig herds, intensive research has been focused on the construction of novel gene deletion vaccine based on the variant virulen...

    Authors: Jichun Wang, Zengcai Song, Aimin Ge, Rongli Guo, Yongfeng Qiao, Mengwei Xu, Zhisheng Wang, Yamei Liu, Yating Zheng, Hongjie Fan and Jibo Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:287

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Simbu serogroup viruses of the Orthobunyavirus genus (Family Peribunyaviridae) include teratogenic pathogens that cause severe economic losses, abortions, stillbirths and congenital abnormalities in ruminants wor...

    Authors: Daniel Oluwayelu, Kerstin Wernike, Adebowale Adebiyi, Simeon Cadmus and Martin Beer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:277

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Rabies is the only known zoonotic disease of bat origin in Europe. The disease is caused by species belonging to the genus Lyssavirus. Five Lyssavirus species, i.e., European bat lyssavirus (EBLV)-1, EBLV-2, Boke...

    Authors: Ivana Šimić, Ivana Lojkić, Nina Krešić, Florence Cliquet, Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Marine Wasniewski, Anđela Ćukušić, Vida Zrnčić and Tomislav Bedeković

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:274

    Content type: Research article

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  47. African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the etiological agent of African swine fever (ASF), a re-expanding devastating and highly lethal hemorrhagic viral disease. microRNAs (miRNAs) are a new class of small non-c...

    Authors: Fernando Núñez-Hernández, Gonzalo Vera, Armand Sánchez, Fernando Rodríguez and José I. Núñez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:268

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) causes high mortality and morbidity in Muscovy ducks, with the pathogenesis of the virus still unknown in many respects. Specific MDPV detection is often rife with false positive...

    Authors: Chunhe Wan, Cuiteng Chen, Longfei Cheng, Hongmei Chen, Qiuling Fu, Shaohua Shi, Guanghua Fu, Rongchang Liu and Yu Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:267

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Recently, mammalian orthoreoviruses (MRVs) were detected for the first time in European bats, and the closely related strain SI-MRV01 was isolated from a child with severe diarrhoea in Slovenia. Genetically si...

    Authors: Tina Naglič, Danijela Rihtarič, Peter Hostnik, Nataša Toplak, Simon Koren, Urška Kuhar, Urška Jamnikar-Ciglenečki, Denis Kutnjak and Andrej Steyer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:264

    Content type: Research article

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