Virology

Section edited by Daniel Horton

The virology section publishes research finding which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of animal viruses. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Methodology article

    Rapid and sensitive detection of canine distemper virus by real-time reverse transcription recombinase polymerase amplification

    Canine distemper, caused by Canine distemper virus (CDV), is a highly contagious and fatal systemic disease in free-living and captive carnivores worldwide. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), as an is...

    Jianchang Wang, Jinfeng Wang, Ruiwen Li, Libing Liu and Wanzhe Yuan

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:241

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Sensitivity and specificity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction detecting feline coronavirus mutations in effusion and serum/plasma of cats to diagnose feline infectious peritonitis

    Feline coronavirus (FCoV) exists as two pathotypes, and FCoV spike gene mutations are considered responsible for the pathotypic switch in feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) pathogenesis. The aim of this study...

    Sandra Felten, Christian M. Leutenegger, Hans-Joerg Balzer, Nikola Pantchev, Kaspar Matiasek, Gerhard Wess, Herman Egberink and Katrin Hartmann

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:228

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  3. Research article

    African swine fever virus infection in Classical swine fever subclinically infected wild boars

    Recently moderate-virulence classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strains have been proven capable of generating postnatal persistent infection (PI), defined by the maintenance of viremia and the inability to gen...

    Oscar Cabezón, Sara Muñoz-González, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Marta Pérez-Simó, Rosa Rosell, Santiago Lavín, Ignasi Marco, Lorenzo Fraile, Paloma Martínez de la Riva, Fernando Rodríguez, Javier Domínguez and Llilianne Ganges

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:227

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  4. Case Report

    First detection of European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) in Norway

    In Europe, bat rabies is primarily attributed to European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) and European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) which are both strongly host-specific. Approximately thirty cases of infection ...

    Torfinn Moldal, Turid Vikøren, Florence Cliquet, Denise A. Marston, Jeroen van der Kooij, Knut Madslien and Irene Ørpetveit

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:216

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Reassortment process after co-infection of pigs with avian H1N1 and swine H3N2 influenza viruses

    The influenza A virus is highly variable, which, to some degree, is caused by the reassortment of viral genetic material. This process plays a major role in the generation of novel influenza virus strains that...

    Kinga Urbaniak, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Andrzej Kowalczyk, Krzysztof Kwit, Małgorzata Pomorska-Mól, Barbara Frącek and Zygmunt Pejsak

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:215

    Published on: 8 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Vertical transmission of avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) from hens infected through artificial insemination with ALV-J infected semen

    Avian leukosis virus (ALV) is one of the main causes of tumour development within the poultry industry in China. The subgroup J avian leukosis viruses (ALV-J), which induce erythroblastosis and myelocytomatosi...

    Yang Li, Shuai Cui, Weihua Li, Yixin Wang, Zhizhong Cui, Peng Zhao and Shuang Chang

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:204

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Geospatial and temporal associations of Getah virus circulation among pigs and horses around the perimeter of outbreaks in Japanese racehorses in 2014 and 2015

    We studied a recent epizootic of Getah virus infection among pigs in the southern part of Ibaraki Prefecture and the northern part of Chiba Prefecture, Japan, focusing on its possible association with outbreak...

    Hiroshi Bannai, Manabu Nemoto, Hidekazu Niwa, Satoshi Murakami, Koji Tsujimura, Takashi Yamanaka and Takashi Kondo

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:187

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Serological and virological surveillance of avian influenza virus in domestic ducks of the north-east region of Bangladesh

    Wild waterfowl are considered as the natural reservoir for avian influenza (AI) viruses. Bangladesh has been experiencing highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks since 2007, mostly in chickens and o...

    Rahul Deb Sarker, Mohammad Giasuddin, Emdadul Haque Chowdhury and Mohammad Rafiqul Islam

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:180

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Evaluation of six serological ELISA kits available in Italy as screening tests for equine infectious anaemia surveillance

    ELISAs are known to have a higher diagnostic sensitivity than the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) when employed for serological diagnosis of equine infectious anaemia (EIA). For this purpose, an “in-house” and...

    Roberto Nardini, Gian Luca Autorino, Charles J. Issel, R. Frank Cook, Ida Ricci, Raffaele Frontoso, Francesca Rosone and Maria Teresa Scicluna

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:105

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Pathobiological investigation of naturally infected canine rabies cases from Sri Lanka

    The recommended screening of rabies in ‘suspect’ animal cases involves testing fresh brain tissue. The preservation of fresh tissue however can be difficult under field conditions and formalin fixation provide...

    S. Beck, P. Gunawardena, D. L. Horton, D. J. Hicks, D. A. Marston, A. Ortiz-Pelaez, A. R. Fooks and A. Núñez

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:99

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  11. Research article

    A randomized controlled study on the efficacy of a novel combination vaccine against enzootic pneumonia (Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae) and porcine Circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in the presence of strong maternally derived PCV2 immunity in pigs

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyo) and Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) are major pathogens that cause significant health problems in swine worldwide. Maternal derived immunity (MDI) ha...

    Panagiotis D. Tassis, Ioannis Tsakmakidis, Vassileios G. Papatsiros, Dimitrios Koulialis, Tom Nell, Georgia Brellou and Eleni D. Tzika

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:91

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Seroprevalence of Rift Valley fever virus in livestock during inter-epidemic period in Egypt, 2014/15

    Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) caused several outbreaks throughout the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula posing significant threat to human and animal health. In Egypt the first and most important Ri...

    Claudia Mroz, Mayada Gwida, Maged El-Ashker, Mohamed El-Diasty, Mohamed El-Beskawy, Ute Ziegler, Martin Eiden and Martin H. Groschup

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:87

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  13. Methodology article

    An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the identification of antibodies to Senecavirus A in swine

    Senecavirus A (SVA), a member of the family Picornaviridae, genus Senecavirus, is a recently identified single-stranded RNA virus closely related to members of the Cardiovirus genus. S...

    Cheryl M. T. Dvorak, Zeynep Akkutay-Yoldar, Suzanne R. Stone, Steven J.P. Tousignant, Fabio A. Vannucci and Michael P. Murtaugh

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:50

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  14. Research article

    New isolations of the rabies-related Mokola virus from South Africa

    Mokola virus (MOKV) is a rabies-related lyssavirus and appears to be exclusive to the African continent. Only 24 cases of MOKV, which includes two human cases, have been reported since its identification in 19...

    Jessica Coertse, Wanda Markotter, Kevin le Roux, Daniel Stewart, Claude T. Sabeta and Louis H. Nel

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:37

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  15. Methodology article

    Genetic detection of peste des petits ruminants virus under field conditions: a step forward towards disease eradication

    The devastating viral disease of small ruminants namely Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) declared as target for “Global Eradication” in 2015 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Organiz...

    Waqas Ashraf, Hermann Unger, Sunaina Haris, Ameena Mobeen, Muhammad Farooq, Muhammad Asif and Qaiser Mahmood Khan

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:34

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Influence of border disease virus (BDV) on serological surveillance within the bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) eradication program in Switzerland

    In 2008, a program to eradicate bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) in cattle in Switzerland was initiated. After targeted elimination of persistently infected animals that represent the main virus reservoir, the abse...

    V. Kaiser, L. Nebel, G. Schüpbach-Regula, R. G. Zanoni and M. Schweizer

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:21

    Published on: 13 January 2017

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