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Section edited by Dr. Hayley Henderson and Tillie Cryer

The theriogenology section considers research covering all areas of animal reproduction. This includes, but not limited to, studies on male and female reproductive physiology, sexual differentiation, endocrinology, gamete physiology and preservation, in vitro fertilization, hormonal manipulation of reproduction, pregnancy physiology, reproductive pathology, and diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders.

  1. Content type: Research article

    PRRSV is an infectious illness causing lung injury and abortion in sows. Cells apoptosis in the interface between the endometrium and fetal placenta is a crucial factor causing abortion. Previous study confirm...

    Authors: Kang Zhang, Houshen Li, Shasha Dong, Ying Liu, Dong Wang, Haichang Liu, Feng Su, Lijiang Ge and Yunliang Jiang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:299

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prostaglandin F (PGF) is an important component for the physiology of female reproductive processes. In the literature, the data pertaining to the synthesis and action of PGF in early embryonic bovine devel...

    Authors: Katarzyna Grycmacher, Dorota Boruszewska, Emilia Sinderewicz, Ilona Kowalczyk-Zięba, Joanna Staszkiewicz-Chodor and Izabela Woclawek-Potocka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:203

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to clarify the changes in complete blood count, blood biochemistry, and the gene expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines of peripheral white blood cells in postpartum dairy c...

    Authors: Luying Cui, Heng Wang, Yanan Ding, Jun Li and Jianji Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:157

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Melatonin regulates metabolism and metabolism related hormones in mammalians. Castration has some adverse effects on the metabolic hormones of dog. This study was conducted to determine the effects of oral mel...

    Authors: Pegah Taheri, Asghar Mogheiseh, Aidin Shojaee Tabrizi, Saeed Nazifi, Sina Salavati and Farzaneh Koohi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:145

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  5. Content type: Methodology article

    Usage of sexed semen that allows to choose the gender of the calves, is commonly practiced in livestock industry as a profitable breeding alternative, especially in dairy farming. The flow cytometric cell sort...

    Authors: Olavi Reinsalu, Ott Scheler, Ruth Mikelsaar, Aavo-Valdur Mikelsaar, Triin Hallap, Ülle Jaakma, Peeter Padrik, Ants Kavak, Andres Salumets and Ants Kurg

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:104

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  6. Content type: Research article

    No comprehensive studies have been carried out on the infectious causes of abortion in Kenyan dairy cattle herds. A survey was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against Bovine Viral Dia...

    Authors: Tequiero Abuom Okumu, Njenga Munene John, James K. Wabacha, Victor Tsuma and John VanLeeuwen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:95

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Prostatic diseases are common and mostly associated with enlargement of the accessory gland. Thus, determining the prostate size has become a main criterion for evaluating prostate health status. Computed tomo...

    Authors: Katharina Haverkamp, Lisa Katharina Harder, Nora Sophie Marita Kuhnt, Matthias Lüpke, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:49

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  8. Content type: Case Report

    In humans, transmission of bacteria causing fatal sepsis in the neonates through mother’s milk has been reported. In dogs, it is believed that bacteria from canine milk are not the primary cause of neonatal in...

    Authors: Maja Zakošek Pipan, Tanja Švara, Irena Zdovc, Bojan Papić, Jana Avberšek, Darja Kušar and Janko Mrkun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:41

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Vitrification is the safest method to cryopreserve oocytes, however the process alters mitochondrial function resulting from increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our aim was to alleviate ROS str...

    Authors: Elvira Matilla, Francisco Eduardo Martín-Cano, Lauro González-Fernández, Francisco Miguel Sánchez-Margallo, Ignacio Santiago Álvarez and Beatriz Macías-García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:31

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Surgical sterilization of stray dogs is the most widely used technique to control stray dog population. Although ovariectomy is an effective technique for elective sterilization of female dogs, most stray dog ...

    Authors: Kaustubh R. Dongaonkar, Sarita U. Gulavane, Veeraraghavan M. Chariar and Kiran R. Shelar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:19

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Surgical sterilization of cats is one of the most commonly performed procedures in veterinary practice and it can be accomplished by two different techniques: ovariohysterectomy (OVH) or ovariectomy (OVE). Alt...

    Authors: Marco Aurélio A. Pereira, Lucas A. Gonçalves, Marina C. Evangelista, Rosana S. Thurler, Karina D. Campos, Maira R. Formenton, Geni C. F. Patricio, Julia M. Matera, Aline M. Ambrósio and Denise T. Fantoni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:335

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS) in dogs usually necessitates large celiotomies and considerable manipulation of organs because of the relatively deep position of ovarian remnant tissue, la...

    Authors: Sebastiaan A. van Nimwegen, Bart Van Goethem, Jeffrey de Gier and Jolle Kirpensteijn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:333

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Uterine myoactivity is crucial for successful reproductive performance of the sow. Spontaneous contractions of the uterus are strictly controlled and coordinated. Uterine electromyographic (EMG) activity undergoe...

    Authors: Malgorzata Domino, Bartosz Pawlinski, Magdalena Gajewska, Tomasz Jasinski, Maria Sady and Zdzislaw Gajewski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:176

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  14. Content type: Research article

    There is a dearth of literature on pseudopregnancy in the bitch, with only a few treatment-based studies published since the 1990s. Pseudopregnancy may be under-recognised in bitches and may account for a prop...

    Authors: Amanda L. Root, Tim D. Parkin, Pippa Hutchison, Caroline Warnes and Philippa S. Yam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:170

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  15. Content type: Case Report

    The teratogenic effects of immunomodulatory and certain antimicrobial therapies are described in small rodents and humans. While the described teratogenic effects in small rodents have been extrapolated to mak...

    Authors: Joanna L. Kaplan, Catherine T. Gunther-Harrington, Jessie S. Sutton and Joshua A. Stern

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:86

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Semen from the chimpanzee species becomes a colloidal solid after ejaculation. The formation of this copulatory plug is believed to prevent additional spermatozoa of subsequent mating events from accessing the...

    Authors: Jane-Fang Yu, Yu-Hua Lai, Tse-En Wang, Yu-Syuan Wei, Yu-Jia Chang, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Shih-Chien Chin, Radhika Joshi, Hui-Wen Chang and Pei-Shiue Tsai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:58

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Surgical sterilisation is currently the method of choice for controlling free-roaming dog populations. However, there are significant logistical challenges to neutering large numbers of dogs in low-resource cl...

    Authors: I. Airikkala-Otter, L. Gamble, S. Mazeri, I. G. Handel, B. M. de C. Bronsvoort, R. J. Mellanby and N. V. Meunier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:56

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Cryptorchidism is one of the most common birth disorders of the male reproductive system identified in dogs and other mammals. This condition is characterised by the absence of one (unilateral) or both (bilate...

    Authors: Giovanna Liguori, Caterina Squillacioti, Loredana Assisi, Alessandra Pelagalli, Alfredo Vittoria, Anna Costagliola and Nicola Mirabella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:55

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  19. Content type: Case Report

    While ectopic pregnancies account for 1–2% of all pregnancies, abdominal pregnancy is extremely rare, accounting for approximately 1% of ectopic pregnancies. Extrauterine abdominal pregnancy is defined as the ...

    Authors: Francisco Marco-Jiménez, Ximo García-Domínguez, Jesús Valdes-Hernández and José Salvador Vicente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:307

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  20. Content type: Case Report

    Several pathological changes associated with reproductive systems of marine mammals have been reported in primary literature. However, no such records exist regarding ovarian cysts in the Antillean manatee (Trich...

    Authors: Karolina Goździewska-Harłajczuk, Joanna Klećkowska-Nawrot and Stanisław Dzimira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:240

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Suppression of cyclic activity in cattle is often desired in alpine farming and for feedlot cattle, not intended for breeding. A cattle specific anti-GnRF vaccine (Bopriva™) is registered for use in heifers an...

    Authors: Gaby Hirsbrunner, Sarah Rigert, Fredi Janett, Jürg Hüsler, Philipp Schnydrig, Ester Lopez, Sue Amatayakul-Chantler and Adrian Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:208

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Post-spermiogenesis membrane surface modifications rely on molecules present in the reproductive tracts. Two isoforms (isoform 1 and 2) from Quiescin Q6-Sulfydryl Oxidase protein family have been identified in...

    Authors: Yu-Wen Kuo, Radhika Joshi, Tse-En Wang, Hui-Wen Chang, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Chun-Ni Hsiao and Pei-Shiue Jason Tsai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:205

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Sperm selection methods such as Single Layer Centrifugation (SLC) have been demonstrated to be a useful tool to improve the quality of sperm samples and therefore to increase the efficiency of other artificial...

    Authors: L. Anel-Lopez, C. Ortega-Ferrusola, M. Álvarez, S. Borragán, C. Chamorro, F. J. Peña, J. Morrell, L. Anel and P. de Paz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:200

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  24. Content type: Case Report

    Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS), a rare form of male pseudohermaphroditism in dogs, is an abnormal sexual phenotype in males that is characterized by the existence of a hypoplastic oviduct, uterus, a...

    Authors: Eun Jung Park, Seok-Hee Lee, Young-Kwang Jo, Sang-Eun Hahn, Do-Min Go, Su-Hyung Lee, Byeong-Chun Lee and Goo Jang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:156

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Tritrichomonas foetus is a sexually transmitted protozoon that causes reproductive failure, among cattle, so disruptive that many western US states have initiated control prog...

    Authors: David Love, Virginia R. Fajt, Thomas Hairgrove, Meredyth Jones and James A. Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:107

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic septicemia is a fatal disease of cattle and buffaloes caused by P. multocida. Although the pathogenesis of the bacteria has been well established in literature, there is a paucity of information on th...

    Authors: Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Hayder Hamzah Ibrahim, Yusuf Abba, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Ali Dhiaa Marza, Mazlina Mazlan, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Abdul Rahman Omar, Md Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria, Abdul Aziz Saharee, Abd Wahid Haron and Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:88

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of fresh raccoon dog semen and raccoon dog semen stored at 4 °C. The qualitative evaluation was based on apoptosis in the sperm cells, which was tested by the A...

    Authors: Łukasz Jarosz, Zbigniew Grądzki, Marcin Kalinowski and Ewa Laskowska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:224

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in humans worldwide, causing chronic lesions in the reproductive tract. Due to its often asymptomatic course, there is limited knowledge about ...

    Authors: Karin Erneholm, Emma Lorenzen, Sarah Bøje, Anja Weinreich Olsen, Peter Andersen, Joseph P. Cassidy, Frank Follmann, Henrik E. Jensen and Jørgen S. Agerholm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:200

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  29. Content type: Research article

    For the last few years, researchers have been interested in developing a method for chemical sterilization which may be a better alternative to surgical castration. An ideal chemical sterilant would be one tha...

    Authors: Ahmed Ibrahim, Magda M. Ali, Nasser S. Abou-Khalil and Marwa F. Ali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:46

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:61

  30. Content type: Methodology article

    Preputial gland infection is a common occurrence in non-breeder male mice and can lead to abscesses. This report describes a surgical approach to treating and preventing this condition.

    Authors: Henri G. M. J. Bertrand, Aurelie A. Thomas, Yvette C. Ellen, Robert S. Dorward and Paul A. Flecknell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:16

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Proper blood supply is necessary for the physiological function of every internal organ. The article offers the first classification of the bovine intra-testicular arteries. A corrosive study focused on the in...

    Authors: Michał Polguj, Grzegorz Wysiadecki, Michał Podgórski, Jacek Szymański, Katarzyna Olbrych, Łukasz Olewnik and Mirosław Topol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:263

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Macaques are an excellent model for many human diseases, including reproductive diseases such as endometriosis. A long-recognized need for early biomarkers of endometriosis has not yet resulted in consensus. W...

    Authors: Dillon C. Muth, Melissa A. McAlexander, Lauren J. Ostrenga, Nathan M. Pate, Jessica M. Izzi, Robert J. Adams, Kelly A. Metcalf Pate, Sarah E. Beck, Baktiar O. Karim and Kenneth W. Witwer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:187

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