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Parasitology

Section edited by Dr. Johannes Charlier

The parasitology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of parasitological infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Bovine babesiosis is one of the most economically important tick-borne diseases threatening the livestock industry globally including South Africa. This disease is induced by members of Babesia bovis species. Ant...

    Authors: Phillip Senzo Mtshali and Moses Sibusiso Mtshali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:383

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Benzimidazoles (BZ) are a class of drugs widely used in veterinary and human medicine, creating a great selection pressure and the emergence of BZ resistance. We conducted a systematic review to assess the sta...

    Authors: Lauren Hubert Jaeger and Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:358

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Nagana (African Animal Trypanosomiasis-AAT) and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) constrain livestock production in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. To this realisation, Uganda government set up an African trypanoso...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Albert Mugenyi, Godfrey Bigirwa, Maureen Kamusiime, Ann Kitibwa, Grace Gloria Akurut, Sylvester Ochwo, Wilson Amanyire, Samuel George Okech, Jan Hattendorf and Robert Tweyongyere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:355

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Tritrichomonads like porcine Tritrichomonas foetus (previously named Tritrichomonas suis), can commensally live in nasal cavity of pigs, but it is rare to cause pulmonary tritrichomonosis.

    Authors: Yuanyuan Shi, Wei Jiang, Zhiyong Ma and Yafeng Qiu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:348

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. As there is little data on vector-borne diseases of cats in the Caribbean region and even around the world, we tested feral cats from St Kitts by PCR to detect infections with Babesia, Ehrlichia and spotted fever...

    Authors: Patrick John Kelly, Liza Köster, Jing Li, Jilei Zhang, Ke Huang, Gillian Carmichael Branford, Silvia Marchi, Michel Vandenplas and Chengming Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:331

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) remains the most important pathogenic constraint of small ruminant production worldwide. The improvement of the host immune response against GIN though breeding for improved ani...

    Authors: S. Cériac, C. Jayles, R. Arquet, D. Feuillet, Y. Félicité, H. Archimède and J.-C. Bambou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:326

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Gastrointestinal parasites are one of the main restrictions to small ruminant production. Their pathological importance is primarily related to the major production losses, in quantity or quality, induced by t...

    Authors: Rana Majed Jamous, Mohammed Saleem Ali-Shtayeh, Salam Yousef Abu-Zaitoun, Alex Markovics and Hassan Azaizeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:308

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Leishmania infantum is a protozoan parasite transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies that causes life-threatening disease in humans and dogs. The dog is the primary reservoir of the para...

    Authors: Darién Ledesma, Eduardo Berriatua, M. Carmen Thomas, Luis Jesús Bernal, María Ortuño, Celia Benitez, Adriana Egui, Kostas Papasouliotis, Bryn Tennant, Julia Chambers, Juan José Infante and Manuel Carlos López

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:304

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The parasites Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and Neospora caninum (N. caninum) are globally distributed; they infect warm-blooded animals, including many avian species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pr...

    Authors: Yongjie Feng, Yaoyao Lu, Yinghua Wang, Longxian Zhang and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:301

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most important viral tick borne zoonosis in Europe. In Germany, about 250 human cases are registered annually, with the highest incidence reported in the last years coming ...

    Authors: Brigitte Böhm, Benjamin Schade, Benjamin Bauer, Bernd Hoffmann, Donata Hoffmann, Ute Ziegler, Martin Beer, Christine Klaus, Herbert Weissenböck and Jens Böttcher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:267

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Spirocerca lupi is a nematode that parasitizes vertebrates in particular canids, by forming nodules in the thoracic cavity specifically in the oesophagus. In 25% of Spirocerca infectio...

    Authors: Kgomotso Sako, Ilse jv Rensburg, Sarah Clift and Vinny Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:262

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is endemic in São Luís Maranhão/Brazil and it leads a varied clinical picture, including neurological signs.

    Authors: Weline Lopes Macau, Joicy Cortez de Sá, Ana Patrícia de Carvalho da Silva, Alessandra Lima Rocha, Renata Mondêgo-Oliveira, Fábio Henrique Evangelista de Andrade, Caroline Magalhães Cunha, Kátia da Silva Calabrese and Ana Lucia Abreu-Silva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:255

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Typing of Toxoplasma gondii strains is important in epidemiological surveys, to understand the distribution and virulence of different clones of the parasite among human and animal populations. Stray dogs can be ...

    Authors: Sergio Migliore, Salvatore La Marca, Cristian Stabile, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Maria Vitale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:249

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. The pathology of spirocercosis, a disease caused by the infestation of carnivores with the nematode Spirocerca lupi, has been extensively described in domestic dogs and coyotes. However, it has not been described...

    Authors: M. M. Bumby, M. C. Williams, J. C. A. Steyl, R. Harrison-White, H. Lutermann, G. T. Fosgate, P. J. de Waal, J. Mitha and S. J. Clift

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:245

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a gene...

    Authors: Amanda J. Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M. Norris, Katrina L. Bosward, Debbie J. Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B. Breitschwerdt and Richard Malik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:238

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There are no available studies describing the possible resistance of strongyles to ivermectin in horses in Poland. One hundred seventy three horses from nine stud farms from South-Western Poland were studied. ...

    Authors: A. Zak, N. Siwinska, M. Slowikowska, H. Borowicz, K. Kubiak, J. Hildebrand, M. Popiolek and A. Niedzwiedz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:210

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Towards the improvement of stakeholders’ awareness of animal tungiasis, we report 10 unusual severe clinical cases of pig tungiasis which were associated with very high infection intensities of T. penetrans in an...

    Authors: Francis Mutebi, Jürgen Krücken, Hermann Feldmeier, Charles Waiswa, Norbert Mencke, Wilfred Eneku and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:206

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can b...

    Authors: Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Chiara Giudice, Paola Brambilla, Isa Alberti, Stefano Romussi, Rocco Lombardo, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Barbara Banco, Federico Maria Vanzulli, Fabrizia Veronesi and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:165

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the dominant specie of microsporidia which can infect both anthroponotic and zoonotic species. The golden snub-nosed monkey is an endangered primate which ca...

    Authors: Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Tongyi Li, Jianke Cao, Jiantang Wang, Suhui Hu, Huili Zhu, Sumei Zhang, Rongjun Wang, Changshen Ning and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:158

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Diseases associated to external parasitosis are scarcely reported in sea turtles. During the last decades several organism have been documented as a part of normal epibiont community connected to sea turtles. ...

    Authors: J. L. Crespo-Picazo, D. García-Parraga, F. Domènech, J. Tomás, F. J. Aznar, J. Ortega and J. M. Corpa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:154

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Toxoplasma gondii, a widely prevalent protozoan parasite, causes serious toxoplasmosis infections in humans and other animals. Among livestock, pigs are susceptible to T. gondii infect...

    Authors: Haiyan Wang, Longxian Zhang, Qinge Ren, Fuchang Yu and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:152

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The anthelmintic efficacy of the 0.5% w/v topical formulation of eprinomectin (EPN), EPRINEX® Pour-on (Merial) when administered at 1 mg/kg body weight was evaluated in sheep in two dose confirmation laboratory s...

    Authors: Dietmar Hamel, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Karl-Heinz Kaulfuß, Michael Kellermann, James Fischer, Hailun Wang, Katrin Kley, Sandra Mayr, Renate Rauh, Martin Visser, Thea Wiefel, Becky Fankhauser and Steffen Rehbein

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:148

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Equine besnoitiosis, caused by Besnoitia bennetti, and equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM), caused by Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi are relevant equine diseases in the Americas that have been scar...

    Authors: Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Daniel K. Howe, Antonio Arenas-Montes, Michelle R. Yeargan, SallyAnne L. Ness, Luis M. Ortega-Mora and G. Álvarez-García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:128

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats.

    Authors: Aline S. Hora, Samantha I. Miyashiro, Fabiana C. Cassiano, Paulo E. Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior and Hilda F. J. Pena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:109

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. The optimisation of trypanosomosis control programs warrants a good knowledge of the main vector of animal and human trypanosomes in sub-Saharan Africa, the tsetse fly. An important aspect of the tsetse fly po...

    Authors: Reta D. Abdi, Getahun E. Agga, Weldegebrial G. Aregawi, Merga Bekana, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Vincent Delespaux and Luc Duchateau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:100

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Feline cytauxzoonosis is an emerging infection caused by tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites of the genus Cytauxzoon. The association of clinical disease with Cytauxzoon infection appears to be limited to C. ...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Legroux, Lénaïg Halos, Magalie René-Martellet, Marielle Servonnet, Jean-Luc Pingret, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Gad Baneth and Luc Chabanne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:81

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is associated with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codons 167, 198 and 200 in the isotype 1 of beta-tubulin gene although in some species t...

    Authors: Myriam Esteban-Ballesteros, Francisco A. Rojo-Vázquez, Philip J. Skuce, Lynsey Melville, Camino González-Lanza and María Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:71

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cats are essential in the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii as they can shed the environmentally resistant oocysts after acquiring infection. Human populations living in cities with high densities of feral cats are...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Jerzy Behnke, Aarti Sharma and Marawan Abu-Madi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:26

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis are gastro-intestinal parasites that infect human and animals worldwide. Both parasites share a broad host range and are believed to be zoonosis....

    Authors: Teklu Wegayehu, Md Robiul Karim, Junqiang Li, Haileeyesus Adamu, Berhanu Erko, Longxian Zhang and Getachew Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:22

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Strongylus vulgaris has become a rare parasite in Germany during the past 50 years due to the practice of frequent prophylactic anthelmintic therapy. To date, the emerging development ...

    Authors: A. Kaspar, K. Pfister, M. K. Nielsen, C. Silaghi, H. Fink and M. C. Scheuerle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:19

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) causes hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. It is probably endemic in Australasia and was first characterized and named from the giant o...

    Authors: Paul Vinu Salachan, Pattana Jaroenlak, Siripong Thitamadee, Ornchuma Itsathitphaisarn and Kallaya Sritunyalucksana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus (EG)-complex, is a neglected parasitic disease of public health importance. The disease is endemic in many African ...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Ahmed, Mawahib H. Eldigail, Fatima M. Elamin, Ibtisam A. Ali, Martin P. Grobusch and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:202

    Content type: Methodology article

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  33. Dirofilaria repens is a mosquito-transmitted, filarial nematode parasitizing dogs, cats and other carnivores. Recently, this parasite has spread in central Europe, including Poland. Th...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Anna Rodo, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Katarzyna Tołkacz and Renata Welc-Faleciak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:183

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Sarcoptic mange, a parasitic disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is regularly reported on wolves Canis lupus in Scandinavia. We describe the distribution and transmission of this parasite within the sma...

    Authors: Boris Fuchs, Barbara Zimmermann, Petter Wabakken, Set Bornstein, Johan Månsson, Alina L. Evans, Olof Liberg, Håkan Sand, Jonas Kindberg, Erik O. Ågren and Jon M. Arnemo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:156

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Rumen flukes are trematode parasites found globally; in tropical and sub-tropical climates, infection can result in paramphistomosis, which can have a deleterious impact on livestock. In Europe, rumen fluke is...

    Authors: Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Maria Pia Munita, Kim Lawlor, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Riona Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:143

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In this study, two traits related with resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) were measured in 529 adult sheep: faecal egg count (FEC) and activity of immunoglobulin A in plasma (IgA). In dry years, FE...

    Authors: M. Atlija, J. M. Prada, B. Gutiérrez-Gil, F. A. Rojo-Vázquez, M. J. Stear, J. J. Arranz and M. Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:97

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Chicken is fast becoming the world’s most consumed meat. As a consequence poultry health is more important now than ever before, with pathogens of chickens recognised as serious threats to food security. One s...

    Authors: Isa D. Jatau, Idris A. Lawal, Jacob K. P. Kwaga, Fiona M. Tomley, Damer P. Blake and Andrew J. Nok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:86

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Worldwide, there is a need to expand the number of drugs available to treat parasitic infections in aquaculture. One of the new materials being tested is metal nanoparticles, which have unique chemical and phy...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Gokhlesh Kumar, Abdel-Azeem Abdel-Baki, Saleh Al-Quraishy and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:44

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The Northwest region of Ethiopia is affected by both tsetse and non-tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis with a huge impact on livestock productivity. The objective of this experimental study was to determine cli...

    Authors: Shimelis Dagnachew, Getachew Terefe, Getachew Abebe, Asegedech Sirak, Enrico Bollo, Dave Barry and Bruno Goddeeris

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:307

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The cardiopulmonary nematodes Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum are increasingly reported in dogs and are responsible for two diseases with overlapping endemic areas, especially in Europe: dirofilar...

    Authors: Luisa Del Prete, Maria Paola Maurelli, Saverio Pennacchio, Antonio Bosco, Vincenzo Musella, Lavinia Ciuca, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:305

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Avian coccidiosis is a disease caused worldwide by several species of parasite Eimeria that causes significant economic losses. This disease affects chickens development and production, that most of times is cont...

    Authors: Edgar Dantán-González, Rosa Estela Quiroz-Castañeda, Mayra Cobaxin-Cárdenas, Jorge Valle-Hernández, Yitzel Gama-Martínez, José Raunel Tinoco-Valencia, Leobardo Serrano-Carreón and Laura Ortiz-Hernández

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:278

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Trypanosomiasis is a disease caused by Trypanosoma (Dutonella) vivax, a hemoprotozoa that can affect bovines. In South America, the sanguineous form is mechanically transmitted from one mammalian host (ruminant) ...

    Authors: Joely FF Bittar, Paula B. Bassi, Dênia M. Moura, Guilherme C. Garcia, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, André B. Vasconcelos, Matheus F. Costa-Silva, Cristiano P. Barbosa, Márcio SS Araújo and Eustáquio R. Bittar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:261

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The main transmission route of Leishmania infantum is through the bites of sand flies. However, alternative mechanisms are being investigated, such as through the bites of ticks, which could have epidemiological ...

    Authors: Viviane Medeiros-Silva, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, Nadjar Nitz, Lucia Emilia D’ Anduraim Morales, Laurício Monteiro Cruz, Isabele Gonçalves Sobral, Mariana Côrtes Boité, Gabriel Eduardo Melim Ferreira, Elisa Cupolillo and Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:258

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In the present study, the detection of anthelmintic resistance to triclabendazole (TCBZ) in sheep infected by Fasciola hepatica was studied using an egg hatch assay (EHA). F. hepatica eggs were recovered from bil...

    Authors: David Robles-Pérez, José Manuel Martínez-Pérez, Francisco Antonio Rojo-Vázquez and María Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:226

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In Guangxi, a province of southern China, an important number of dogs and cats roam freely in rural settings, and the presence of these animals in proximity of people may represent a risk of parasitic zoonoses...

    Authors: Fang Fang, Jian Li, Tengfei Huang, Jacques Guillot and Weiyi Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:211

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis, is a fox tapeworm widely distributed in Europe with an increase of endemic area in recent years. Many mamma...

    Authors: Julie Brunet, Pierrick Regnard, Bernard Pesson, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Marcela Sabou, Alexander W. Pfaff and Ermanno Candolfi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:198

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Animal acariasis is one of the important veterinary skin diseases. Chemical drugs have been widely used to treat and control this kind of disease. But many chemicals control could increase resistance in target...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Fei Liao, Yanchun Hu, Biao Luo, Yajun He, Quan Mo, Zhicai Zuo, Zhihua Ren, Junliang Deng and Yahui Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:970

    Content type: Research article

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  48. In many countries, Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a major cause of reproductive disorders and abortions in the sheep industry, and therefore responsible for important financial and economic losses. In addition,...

    Authors: Delfien Verhelst, Stéphane De Craeye, Gary Entrican, Pierre Dorny and Eric Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:293

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan protozoan that is considered one of the main agents responsible for abortion in ruminants. The lesions found in the central nervous system (CNS) of aborted fetuses show multifo...

    Authors: Rafael Carneiro Costa, Débora Ribeiro Orlando, Camila Costa Abreu, Karen Yumi Ribeiro Nakagaki, Leonardo Pereira Mesquita, Lismara Castro Nascimento, Aline Costa Silva, Paulo César Maiorka, Ana Paula Peconick, Djeison Lutier Raymundo and Mary Suzan Varaschin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:291

    Content type: Research article

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