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Parasitology

Section edited by Dr. Johannes Charlier

The parasitology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of parasitological infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Content type: Case Report

    Typing of Toxoplasma gondii strains is important in epidemiological surveys, to understand the distribution and virulence of different clones of the parasite among human and animal populations. Stray dogs can be ...

    Authors: Sergio Migliore, Salvatore La Marca, Cristian Stabile, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Maria Vitale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:249

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The pathology of spirocercosis, a disease caused by the infestation of carnivores with the nematode Spirocerca lupi, has been extensively described in domestic dogs and coyotes. However, it has not been described...

    Authors: M. M. Bumby, M. C. Williams, J. C. A. Steyl, R. Harrison-White, H. Lutermann, G. T. Fosgate, P. J. de Waal, J. Mitha and S. J. Clift

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:245

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a gene...

    Authors: Amanda J. Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M. Norris, Katrina L. Bosward, Debbie J. Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B. Breitschwerdt and Richard Malik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:238

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  4. Content type: Research article

    There are no available studies describing the possible resistance of strongyles to ivermectin in horses in Poland. One hundred seventy three horses from nine stud farms from South-Western Poland were studied. ...

    Authors: A. Zak, N. Siwinska, M. Slowikowska, H. Borowicz, K. Kubiak, J. Hildebrand, M. Popiolek and A. Niedzwiedz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:210

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Towards the improvement of stakeholders’ awareness of animal tungiasis, we report 10 unusual severe clinical cases of pig tungiasis which were associated with very high infection intensities of T. penetrans in an...

    Authors: Francis Mutebi, Jürgen Krücken, Hermann Feldmeier, Charles Waiswa, Norbert Mencke, Wilfred Eneku and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:206

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can b...

    Authors: Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Chiara Giudice, Paola Brambilla, Isa Alberti, Stefano Romussi, Rocco Lombardo, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Barbara Banco, Federico Maria Vanzulli, Fabrizia Veronesi and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:165

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the dominant specie of microsporidia which can infect both anthroponotic and zoonotic species. The golden snub-nosed monkey is an endangered primate which ca...

    Authors: Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Tongyi Li, Jianke Cao, Jiantang Wang, Suhui Hu, Huili Zhu, Sumei Zhang, Rongjun Wang, Changshen Ning and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:158

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Diseases associated to external parasitosis are scarcely reported in sea turtles. During the last decades several organism have been documented as a part of normal epibiont community connected to sea turtles. ...

    Authors: J. L. Crespo-Picazo, D. García-Parraga, F. Domènech, J. Tomás, F. J. Aznar, J. Ortega and J. M. Corpa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:154

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii, a widely prevalent protozoan parasite, causes serious toxoplasmosis infections in humans and other animals. Among livestock, pigs are susceptible to T. gondii infect...

    Authors: Haiyan Wang, Longxian Zhang, Qinge Ren, Fuchang Yu and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:152

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The anthelmintic efficacy of the 0.5% w/v topical formulation of eprinomectin (EPN), EPRINEX® Pour-on (Merial) when administered at 1 mg/kg body weight was evaluated in sheep in two dose confirmation laboratory s...

    Authors: Dietmar Hamel, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Karl-Heinz Kaulfuß, Michael Kellermann, James Fischer, Hailun Wang, Katrin Kley, Sandra Mayr, Renate Rauh, Martin Visser, Thea Wiefel, Becky Fankhauser and Steffen Rehbein

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:148

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Equine besnoitiosis, caused by Besnoitia bennetti, and equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM), caused by Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi are relevant equine diseases in the Americas that have been scar...

    Authors: Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Daniel K. Howe, Antonio Arenas-Montes, Michelle R. Yeargan, SallyAnne L. Ness, Luis M. Ortega-Mora and G. Álvarez-García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:128

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  12. Content type: Case Report

    Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats.

    Authors: Aline S. Hora, Samantha I. Miyashiro, Fabiana C. Cassiano, Paulo E. Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior and Hilda F. J. Pena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:109

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The optimisation of trypanosomosis control programs warrants a good knowledge of the main vector of animal and human trypanosomes in sub-Saharan Africa, the tsetse fly. An important aspect of the tsetse fly po...

    Authors: Reta D. Abdi, Getahun E. Agga, Weldegebrial G. Aregawi, Merga Bekana, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Vincent Delespaux and Luc Duchateau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:100

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  14. Content type: Case Report

    Feline cytauxzoonosis is an emerging infection caused by tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites of the genus Cytauxzoon. The association of clinical disease with Cytauxzoon infection appears to be limited to C. ...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Legroux, Lénaïg Halos, Magalie René-Martellet, Marielle Servonnet, Jean-Luc Pingret, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Gad Baneth and Luc Chabanne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:81

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is associated with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codons 167, 198 and 200 in the isotype 1 of beta-tubulin gene although in some species t...

    Authors: Myriam Esteban-Ballesteros, Francisco A. Rojo-Vázquez, Philip J. Skuce, Lynsey Melville, Camino González-Lanza and María Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:71

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cats are essential in the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii as they can shed the environmentally resistant oocysts after acquiring infection. Human populations living in cities with high densities of feral cats are...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Jerzy Behnke, Aarti Sharma and Marawan Abu-Madi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:26

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis are gastro-intestinal parasites that infect human and animals worldwide. Both parasites share a broad host range and are believed to be zoonosis....

    Authors: Teklu Wegayehu, Md Robiul Karim, Junqiang Li, Haileeyesus Adamu, Berhanu Erko, Longxian Zhang and Getachew Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:22

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Strongylus vulgaris has become a rare parasite in Germany during the past 50 years due to the practice of frequent prophylactic anthelmintic therapy. To date, the emerging development ...

    Authors: A. Kaspar, K. Pfister, M. K. Nielsen, C. Silaghi, H. Fink and M. C. Scheuerle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:19

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) causes hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. It is probably endemic in Australasia and was first characterized and named from the giant o...

    Authors: Paul Vinu Salachan, Pattana Jaroenlak, Siripong Thitamadee, Ornchuma Itsathitphaisarn and Kallaya Sritunyalucksana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:9

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  20. Content type: Methodology article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus (EG)-complex, is a neglected parasitic disease of public health importance. The disease is endemic in many African ...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Ahmed, Mawahib H. Eldigail, Fatima M. Elamin, Ibtisam A. Ali, Martin P. Grobusch and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:202

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Dirofilaria repens is a mosquito-transmitted, filarial nematode parasitizing dogs, cats and other carnivores. Recently, this parasite has spread in central Europe, including Poland. Th...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Anna Rodo, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Katarzyna Tołkacz and Renata Welc-Faleciak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:183

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Sarcoptic mange, a parasitic disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is regularly reported on wolves Canis lupus in Scandinavia. We describe the distribution and transmission of this parasite within the sma...

    Authors: Boris Fuchs, Barbara Zimmermann, Petter Wabakken, Set Bornstein, Johan Månsson, Alina L. Evans, Olof Liberg, Håkan Sand, Jonas Kindberg, Erik O. Ågren and Jon M. Arnemo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:156

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Rumen flukes are trematode parasites found globally; in tropical and sub-tropical climates, infection can result in paramphistomosis, which can have a deleterious impact on livestock. In Europe, rumen fluke is...

    Authors: Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Maria Pia Munita, Kim Lawlor, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Riona Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:143

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In this study, two traits related with resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) were measured in 529 adult sheep: faecal egg count (FEC) and activity of immunoglobulin A in plasma (IgA). In dry years, FE...

    Authors: M. Atlija, J. M. Prada, B. Gutiérrez-Gil, F. A. Rojo-Vázquez, M. J. Stear, J. J. Arranz and M. Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:97

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chicken is fast becoming the world’s most consumed meat. As a consequence poultry health is more important now than ever before, with pathogens of chickens recognised as serious threats to food security. One s...

    Authors: Isa D. Jatau, Idris A. Lawal, Jacob K. P. Kwaga, Fiona M. Tomley, Damer P. Blake and Andrew J. Nok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:86

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, there is a need to expand the number of drugs available to treat parasitic infections in aquaculture. One of the new materials being tested is metal nanoparticles, which have unique chemical and phy...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Gokhlesh Kumar, Abdel-Azeem Abdel-Baki, Saleh Al-Quraishy and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:44

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The Northwest region of Ethiopia is affected by both tsetse and non-tsetse transmitted trypanosomosis with a huge impact on livestock productivity. The objective of this experimental study was to determine cli...

    Authors: Shimelis Dagnachew, Getachew Terefe, Getachew Abebe, Asegedech Sirak, Enrico Bollo, Dave Barry and Bruno Goddeeris

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:307

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The cardiopulmonary nematodes Dirofilaria immitis and Angiostrongylus vasorum are increasingly reported in dogs and are responsible for two diseases with overlapping endemic areas, especially in Europe: dirofilar...

    Authors: Luisa Del Prete, Maria Paola Maurelli, Saverio Pennacchio, Antonio Bosco, Vincenzo Musella, Lavinia Ciuca, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:305

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Avian coccidiosis is a disease caused worldwide by several species of parasite Eimeria that causes significant economic losses. This disease affects chickens development and production, that most of times is cont...

    Authors: Edgar Dantán-González, Rosa Estela Quiroz-Castañeda, Mayra Cobaxin-Cárdenas, Jorge Valle-Hernández, Yitzel Gama-Martínez, José Raunel Tinoco-Valencia, Leobardo Serrano-Carreón and Laura Ortiz-Hernández

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:278

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Trypanosomiasis is a disease caused by Trypanosoma (Dutonella) vivax, a hemoprotozoa that can affect bovines. In South America, the sanguineous form is mechanically transmitted from one mammalian host (ruminant) ...

    Authors: Joely FF Bittar, Paula B. Bassi, Dênia M. Moura, Guilherme C. Garcia, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, André B. Vasconcelos, Matheus F. Costa-Silva, Cristiano P. Barbosa, Márcio SS Araújo and Eustáquio R. Bittar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:261

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The main transmission route of Leishmania infantum is through the bites of sand flies. However, alternative mechanisms are being investigated, such as through the bites of ticks, which could have epidemiological ...

    Authors: Viviane Medeiros-Silva, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, Nadjar Nitz, Lucia Emilia D’ Anduraim Morales, Laurício Monteiro Cruz, Isabele Gonçalves Sobral, Mariana Côrtes Boité, Gabriel Eduardo Melim Ferreira, Elisa Cupolillo and Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:258

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the detection of anthelmintic resistance to triclabendazole (TCBZ) in sheep infected by Fasciola hepatica was studied using an egg hatch assay (EHA). F. hepatica eggs were recovered from bil...

    Authors: David Robles-Pérez, José Manuel Martínez-Pérez, Francisco Antonio Rojo-Vázquez and María Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:226

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In Guangxi, a province of southern China, an important number of dogs and cats roam freely in rural settings, and the presence of these animals in proximity of people may represent a risk of parasitic zoonoses...

    Authors: Fang Fang, Jian Li, Tengfei Huang, Jacques Guillot and Weiyi Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:211

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis, is a fox tapeworm widely distributed in Europe with an increase of endemic area in recent years. Many mamma...

    Authors: Julie Brunet, Pierrick Regnard, Bernard Pesson, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Marcela Sabou, Alexander W. Pfaff and Ermanno Candolfi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:198

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Animal acariasis is one of the important veterinary skin diseases. Chemical drugs have been widely used to treat and control this kind of disease. But many chemicals control could increase resistance in target...

    Authors: Yang Hu, Fei Liao, Yanchun Hu, Biao Luo, Yajun He, Quan Mo, Zhicai Zuo, Zhihua Ren, Junliang Deng and Yahui Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:970

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In many countries, Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a major cause of reproductive disorders and abortions in the sheep industry, and therefore responsible for important financial and economic losses. In addition,...

    Authors: Delfien Verhelst, Stéphane De Craeye, Gary Entrican, Pierre Dorny and Eric Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:293

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan protozoan that is considered one of the main agents responsible for abortion in ruminants. The lesions found in the central nervous system (CNS) of aborted fetuses show multifo...

    Authors: Rafael Carneiro Costa, Débora Ribeiro Orlando, Camila Costa Abreu, Karen Yumi Ribeiro Nakagaki, Leonardo Pereira Mesquita, Lismara Castro Nascimento, Aline Costa Silva, Paulo César Maiorka, Ana Paula Peconick, Djeison Lutier Raymundo and Mary Suzan Varaschin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:291

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis are important gastrointestinal protists in humans and animals worldwide. In China, bovine cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis are of increasing concern because cattle are ...

    Authors: Jianying Huang, Daoyou Yue, Meng Qi, Rongjun Wang, Jinfeng Zhao, Junqiang Li, Ke Shi, Ming Wang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:292

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal nematodes are an important cause of reduced performance in cattle. Previous studies in Europe showed that after anthelmintic treatment an average gain in milk production of around 1 kg per day...

    Authors: Sien H Verschave, Jozef Vercruysse, Andrew Forbes, Geert Opsomer, Miel Hostens, Luc Duchateau and Johannes Charlier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:264

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  40. Content type: Research article

    As a consequence of the increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomes, new strategies for equine parasite control are being implemented. To assess the potential risks of these, the occurrence of...

    Authors: Stephanie Schneider, Kurt Pfister, Anne M Becher and Miriam C Scheuerle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:262

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The intensive use of anthelmintics for the control of helminthic infections has resulted in the development of anthelmintic resistance, which has become a major practical problem in many countries. A variety o...

    Authors: Michaela Dolinská, Oksana Ivanišinová, Alžbeta Königová and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:233

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a major public health concern in many countries of the world. A cross-sectional and follow up experimental study designs were used for seroepidemiological and bioassay studies, respectively fr...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Hasen Awel Yunus, Gebregergs Tesfamaryam, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema, Fufa Dawo, Getachew Terefe, Vincenzo Di Marco and Maria Vitale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:222

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic pathogen that can infect a range of animals and humans. Ingestion of T. gondii oocysts in soil is a significant transmission route for humans and animals acquiring toxoplasmosis. I...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Peng Meng, Qiang Ye, Yuan-Hua Pu, Xiao-Yu Yang, Jian-Xun Luo, Nian-Zhang Zhang and De-Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:238

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Canine angiostrongylosis is a nematode infection in domestic dogs and wild carnivores. The present report focuses on epidemiological, clinical and histopathological findings in a case of fatal disseminated ang...

    Authors: Laura Rinaldi, Laura Cortese, Leonardo Meomartino, Teresa B Pagano, Paola Pepe, Giuseppe Cringoli and Serenella Papparella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:236

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis, caused by the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is an important zoonotic disease worldwide. The precise detection of T. gondii infection in dogs has important public health signifi...

    Authors: Zedong Wang, Wei Ge, Si-Yang Huang, Jiping Li, Xing-Quan Zhu and Quan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:158

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The parasitic nematodes Ascaris lumbricoides and A. suum are of great public health and economic significance, and the two taxa were proposed to represent a single species. miRNAs are known with functions of gene...

    Authors: Chang-Chun Shao, Min-Jun Xu, Samer Alasaad, Hui-Qun Song, Lifei Peng, Jian-Ping Tao and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:99

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  47. Content type: Research article

    There is an urgent need for the development of new, cheap, safe and highly effective drugs against African trypanosomiasis that affects both man and livestock in sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. In the p...

    Authors: Yitagesu Tewabe, Daniel Bisrat, Getachew Terefe and Kaleab Asres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:61

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Fascioloides magna is a pathogenic fluke introduced to Europe ca 140 years ago. As it is spreading over the continent, new intermediate and definitive hosts might be involved in transmission of the parasite. In E...

    Authors: Roman Leontovyč, Monika Košťáková, Veronika Siegelová, Klára Melounová, Jan Pankrác, Kristýna Vrbová, Petr Horák and Martin Kašný

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:41

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus spp. are reported to be the most prevalent and highly pathogenic parasites in livestock, particularly in small ruminants. However, the routine conventional tool used in M...

    Authors: Tiong K Tan, Chandrawathani Panchadcharam, Van L Low, Soo C Lee, Romano Ngui, Reuben SK Sharma and Yvonne AL Lim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:38

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