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Parasitology

Section edited by Johannes Charlier

The parasitology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of parasitological infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Avian coccidiosis is often caused by co-infection with several species of Eimeria worldwide. Developing a multivalent vaccine with an antigen common to multiple Eimeria species is a promising strategy for control...

    Authors: Jianhua Liu, Lianrui Liu, Lingjuan Li, Di Tian, Wenyu Li, Lixin Xu, Ruofeng Yan, Xiangrui Li and Xiaokai Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:337

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, Fasciola hepatica infection causes high production losses in the livestock industry. Recently, studies have analyzed the association between measurements of F. hepatica infection intensity and herd man...

    Authors: Amilcar Arenal, Yipsi García, Lídice Quesada, Dayamis Velázquez, Diamela Sánchez, Mayelin Peña, Asnaldo Suárez, Arnielis Díaz, Yuliet Sánchez, Stijn Casaert, Jan van Dijk, Jozef Vercruysse and Johannes Charlier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:336

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan that can infect humans and other animals, including cattle. Cattle are one of the world’s main sources of meat, and people who consume raw or undercooked meat and m...

    Authors: Hui Dong, Yao Yao Lu, Rui Jing Su, Ying Hua Wang, Meng Yao Wang, Yi Bao Jiang and Yu Rong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:315

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Echinococcosis and toxocarosis caused by the genus of Echinococcus and Toxocara spp. are among important helminthic diseases worldwide. Limited data on the prevalence of these parasites persuaded us to determine ...

    Authors: Molouk Beiromvand, Abdollah Rafiei, Elham Razmjou and Sharif Maraghi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:224

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) became extinct over large areas of Britain during the post mediaeval period but following re-introductions from Europe during the 1800s and early 1900s the population started to rec...

    Authors: Victor R. Simpson and Damer P. Blake

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:198

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Liver fluke infection caused by the parasite Fasciola hepatica is a major cause of production losses to the cattle industry in the UK. To investigate farm-level risk factors for fluke infection, a randomised meth...

    Authors: Catherine M. McCann, Helen E. Clough, Matthew Baylis and Diana J. L. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:185

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The tick-borne protozoan parasite Theileria parva causes a usually fatal cattle disease known as East Coast fever in sub-Saharan Africa, with devastating consequences for poor small-holder farmers. Immunity to T....

    Authors: Lucilla Steinaa, Nicholas Svitek, Elias Awino, Thomas Njoroge, Rosemary Saya, Ivan Morrison and Philip Toye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:145

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Maytenus senegalensis is a common shrub which is scattered in tropical Africa. Different parts of this plant have been reported to be useful in traditional medicine against gastrointestinal disorders and intestin...

    Authors: Calvin Bogning Zangueu, Abiodoun Pascal Olounlade, Marlyse Ossokomack, Yolande Noelle Nangue Djouatsa, Goue Géorcelin Alowanou, Anatole Guy Blaise Azebaze, Eulogio José Llorent-Martínez, Maria Luisa Fernández de Córdova, Alain Bertrand Dongmo and Mawulé Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:147

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals, including small ruminants. Sheep and goats are considered as biological indicators for the contamination of the environment with Toxoplasm...

    Authors: Yara M. Al-Kappany, Ibrahim E. Abbas, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Pierre Dorny, Malgorzata Jennes and Eric Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:120

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hunting constitutes an important industry in Europe. However, data on the prevalence of vector-borne bacteria in large game animal species are lacking from several countries. Blood or spleen samples (239 and 2...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, László Sugár, Isabel G. Fernández de Mera, José de la Fuente, Gábor Horváth, Tibor Kovács, Attila Micsutka, Enikő Gönczi, Barbara Flaisz, Nóra Takács, Róbert Farkas, Marina L. Meli and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:98

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The gastrointestinal parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus is a pathogenic organism resistant to several anthelmintics. This study assessed the efficacy of a medicinal herbal mixture (Herbmix) and organic zinc,...

    Authors: Zora Váradyová, Dominika Mravčáková, Michal Babják, Magdalena Bryszak, Ľubomíra Grešáková, Klaudia Čobanová, Svetlana Kišidayová, Iveta Plachá, Alžbeta Königová, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Slusarczyk, Lukasz Pecio, Mariusz Kowalczyk and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:78

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasitic disease infecting humans and a wide range of mammalian species including ...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Ahmed, Bashir Salim, Martin P. Grobusch and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:36

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Giardia duodenalis is one of the most common enteric parasites in domestic animals including dogs. Young animals are more prone to the infection, with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to acute or...

    Authors: Manuel Adell-Aledón, Pamela C. Köster, Aida de Lucio, Paula Puente, Marta Hernández-de-Mingo, Paula Sánchez-Thevenet, María Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela and David Carmena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:26

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Trypanocidal drugs have been used to control African animal trypanosomosis for several decades. In Ethiopia, these drugs are available from both authorized (legal) and unauthorized (illegal) sources but docume...

    Authors: T. Tekle, G. Terefe, T. Cherenet, H. Ashenafi, K. G. Akoda, A. Teko-Agbo, J. Van Den Abbeele, G. Gari, P.-H. Clausen, A. Hoppenheit, R. C. Mattioli, R. Peter, T. Marcotty, G. Cecchi and V. Delespaux

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:4

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Nematode infections in horses are widespread across the world. Increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance, reported worldwide in equine parasites, have led to the creation of programs for the control of nema...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Maria Paola Maurelli, Davide Ianniello, Maria Elena Morgoglione, Alessandra Amadesi, Gerald C. Coles, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:7

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) is a species of Eimeria that causes haemorrhagic caecal coccidiosis, resulting in major economic losses in the global poultry industry. After E. tenella in...

    Authors: Zhiyong Xu, Mingxue Zheng, Li Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Xiaozhen Cui, Xin Gong, Rou Xi and Rui Bai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:399

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bovine babesiosis is one of the most economically important tick-borne diseases threatening the livestock industry globally including South Africa. This disease is induced by members of Babesia bovis species. Ant...

    Authors: Phillip Senzo Mtshali and Moses Sibusiso Mtshali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:383

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Nagana (African Animal Trypanosomiasis-AAT) and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) constrain livestock production in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. To this realisation, Uganda government set up an African trypanoso...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Albert Mugenyi, Godfrey Bigirwa, Maureen Kamusiime, Ann Kitibwa, Grace Gloria Akurut, Sylvester Ochwo, Wilson Amanyire, Samuel George Okech, Jan Hattendorf and Robert Tweyongyere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:355

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Benzimidazoles (BZ) are a class of drugs widely used in veterinary and human medicine, creating a great selection pressure and the emergence of BZ resistance. We conducted a systematic review to assess the sta...

    Authors: Lauren Hubert Jaeger and Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:358

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  20. Content type: Case Report

    Tritrichomonads like porcine Tritrichomonas foetus (previously named Tritrichomonas suis), can commensally live in nasal cavity of pigs, but it is rare to cause pulmonary tritrichomonosis.

    Authors: Yuanyuan Shi, Wei Jiang, Zhiyong Ma and Yafeng Qiu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:348

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  21. Content type: Research article

    As there is little data on vector-borne diseases of cats in the Caribbean region and even around the world, we tested feral cats from St Kitts by PCR to detect infections with Babesia, Ehrlichia and spotted fever...

    Authors: Patrick John Kelly, Liza Köster, Jing Li, Jilei Zhang, Ke Huang, Gillian Carmichael Branford, Silvia Marchi, Michel Vandenplas and Chengming Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:331

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) remains the most important pathogenic constraint of small ruminant production worldwide. The improvement of the host immune response against GIN though breeding for improved ani...

    Authors: S. Cériac, C. Jayles, R. Arquet, D. Feuillet, Y. Félicité, H. Archimède and J.-C. Bambou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:326

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal parasites are one of the main restrictions to small ruminant production. Their pathological importance is primarily related to the major production losses, in quantity or quality, induced by t...

    Authors: Rana Majed Jamous, Mohammed Saleem Ali-Shtayeh, Salam Yousef Abu-Zaitoun, Alex Markovics and Hassan Azaizeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:308

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Leishmania infantum is a protozoan parasite transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies that causes life-threatening disease in humans and dogs. The dog is the primary reservoir of the para...

    Authors: Darién Ledesma, Eduardo Berriatua, M. Carmen Thomas, Luis Jesús Bernal, María Ortuño, Celia Benitez, Adriana Egui, Kostas Papasouliotis, Bryn Tennant, Julia Chambers, Juan José Infante and Manuel Carlos López

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:304

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The parasites Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and Neospora caninum (N. caninum) are globally distributed; they infect warm-blooded animals, including many avian species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pr...

    Authors: Yongjie Feng, Yaoyao Lu, Yinghua Wang, Longxian Zhang and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:301

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Spirocerca lupi is a nematode that parasitizes vertebrates in particular canids, by forming nodules in the thoracic cavity specifically in the oesophagus. In 25% of Spirocerca infectio...

    Authors: Kgomotso Sako, Ilse jv Rensburg, Sarah Clift and Vinny Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:262

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  27. Content type: Case Report

    Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most important viral tick borne zoonosis in Europe. In Germany, about 250 human cases are registered annually, with the highest incidence reported in the last years coming ...

    Authors: Brigitte Böhm, Benjamin Schade, Benjamin Bauer, Bernd Hoffmann, Donata Hoffmann, Ute Ziegler, Martin Beer, Christine Klaus, Herbert Weissenböck and Jens Böttcher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:267

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is endemic in São Luís Maranhão/Brazil and it leads a varied clinical picture, including neurological signs.

    Authors: Weline Lopes Macau, Joicy Cortez de Sá, Ana Patrícia de Carvalho da Silva, Alessandra Lima Rocha, Renata Mondêgo-Oliveira, Fábio Henrique Evangelista de Andrade, Caroline Magalhães Cunha, Kátia da Silva Calabrese and Ana Lucia Abreu-Silva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:255

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  29. Content type: Case Report

    Typing of Toxoplasma gondii strains is important in epidemiological surveys, to understand the distribution and virulence of different clones of the parasite among human and animal populations. Stray dogs can be ...

    Authors: Sergio Migliore, Salvatore La Marca, Cristian Stabile, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti and Maria Vitale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:249

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The pathology of spirocercosis, a disease caused by the infestation of carnivores with the nematode Spirocerca lupi, has been extensively described in domestic dogs and coyotes. However, it has not been described...

    Authors: M. M. Bumby, M. C. Williams, J. C. A. Steyl, R. Harrison-White, H. Lutermann, G. T. Fosgate, P. J. de Waal, J. Mitha and S. J. Clift

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:245

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Vector-borne diseases of dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. These dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a gene...

    Authors: Amanda J. Shapiro, Graeme Brown, Jacqueline M. Norris, Katrina L. Bosward, Debbie J. Marriot, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Edward B. Breitschwerdt and Richard Malik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:238

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There are no available studies describing the possible resistance of strongyles to ivermectin in horses in Poland. One hundred seventy three horses from nine stud farms from South-Western Poland were studied. ...

    Authors: A. Zak, N. Siwinska, M. Slowikowska, H. Borowicz, K. Kubiak, J. Hildebrand, M. Popiolek and A. Niedzwiedz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:210

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Towards the improvement of stakeholders’ awareness of animal tungiasis, we report 10 unusual severe clinical cases of pig tungiasis which were associated with very high infection intensities of T. penetrans in an...

    Authors: Francis Mutebi, Jürgen Krücken, Hermann Feldmeier, Charles Waiswa, Norbert Mencke, Wilfred Eneku and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:206

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  34. Content type: Case Report

    In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can b...

    Authors: Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Chiara Giudice, Paola Brambilla, Isa Alberti, Stefano Romussi, Rocco Lombardo, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Barbara Banco, Federico Maria Vanzulli, Fabrizia Veronesi and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:165

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the dominant specie of microsporidia which can infect both anthroponotic and zoonotic species. The golden snub-nosed monkey is an endangered primate which ca...

    Authors: Fuchang Yu, Yayun Wu, Tongyi Li, Jianke Cao, Jiantang Wang, Suhui Hu, Huili Zhu, Sumei Zhang, Rongjun Wang, Changshen Ning and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:158

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Diseases associated to external parasitosis are scarcely reported in sea turtles. During the last decades several organism have been documented as a part of normal epibiont community connected to sea turtles. ...

    Authors: J. L. Crespo-Picazo, D. García-Parraga, F. Domènech, J. Tomás, F. J. Aznar, J. Ortega and J. M. Corpa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:154

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii, a widely prevalent protozoan parasite, causes serious toxoplasmosis infections in humans and other animals. Among livestock, pigs are susceptible to T. gondii infect...

    Authors: Haiyan Wang, Longxian Zhang, Qinge Ren, Fuchang Yu and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:152

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The anthelmintic efficacy of the 0.5% w/v topical formulation of eprinomectin (EPN), EPRINEX® Pour-on (Merial) when administered at 1 mg/kg body weight was evaluated in sheep in two dose confirmation laboratory s...

    Authors: Dietmar Hamel, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi, Giuseppe Cringoli, Karl-Heinz Kaulfuß, Michael Kellermann, James Fischer, Hailun Wang, Katrin Kley, Sandra Mayr, Renate Rauh, Martin Visser, Thea Wiefel, Becky Fankhauser and Steffen Rehbein

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:148

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Equine besnoitiosis, caused by Besnoitia bennetti, and equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM), caused by Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi are relevant equine diseases in the Americas that have been scar...

    Authors: Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Daniel K. Howe, Antonio Arenas-Montes, Michelle R. Yeargan, SallyAnne L. Ness, Luis M. Ortega-Mora and G. Álvarez-García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:128

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  40. Content type: Case Report

    Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats.

    Authors: Aline S. Hora, Samantha I. Miyashiro, Fabiana C. Cassiano, Paulo E. Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior and Hilda F. J. Pena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:109

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The optimisation of trypanosomosis control programs warrants a good knowledge of the main vector of animal and human trypanosomes in sub-Saharan Africa, the tsetse fly. An important aspect of the tsetse fly po...

    Authors: Reta D. Abdi, Getahun E. Agga, Weldegebrial G. Aregawi, Merga Bekana, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Vincent Delespaux and Luc Duchateau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:100

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  42. Content type: Case Report

    Feline cytauxzoonosis is an emerging infection caused by tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites of the genus Cytauxzoon. The association of clinical disease with Cytauxzoon infection appears to be limited to C. ...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Legroux, Lénaïg Halos, Magalie René-Martellet, Marielle Servonnet, Jean-Luc Pingret, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Gad Baneth and Luc Chabanne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:81

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes is associated with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codons 167, 198 and 200 in the isotype 1 of beta-tubulin gene although in some species t...

    Authors: Myriam Esteban-Ballesteros, Francisco A. Rojo-Vázquez, Philip J. Skuce, Lynsey Melville, Camino González-Lanza and María Martínez-Valladares

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:71

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Cats are essential in the life cycle of Toxoplasma gondii as they can shed the environmentally resistant oocysts after acquiring infection. Human populations living in cities with high densities of feral cats are...

    Authors: Sonia Boughattas, Jerzy Behnke, Aarti Sharma and Marawan Abu-Madi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:26

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis are gastro-intestinal parasites that infect human and animals worldwide. Both parasites share a broad host range and are believed to be zoonosis....

    Authors: Teklu Wegayehu, Md Robiul Karim, Junqiang Li, Haileeyesus Adamu, Berhanu Erko, Longxian Zhang and Getachew Tilahun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:22

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Strongylus vulgaris has become a rare parasite in Germany during the past 50 years due to the practice of frequent prophylactic anthelmintic therapy. To date, the emerging development ...

    Authors: A. Kaspar, K. Pfister, M. K. Nielsen, C. Silaghi, H. Fink and M. C. Scheuerle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:19

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) causes hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. It is probably endemic in Australasia and was first characterized and named from the giant o...

    Authors: Paul Vinu Salachan, Pattana Jaroenlak, Siripong Thitamadee, Ornchuma Itsathitphaisarn and Kallaya Sritunyalucksana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:9

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  48. Content type: Methodology article

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus (EG)-complex, is a neglected parasitic disease of public health importance. The disease is endemic in many African ...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Ahmed, Mawahib H. Eldigail, Fatima M. Elamin, Ibtisam A. Ali, Martin P. Grobusch and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:202

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Dirofilaria repens is a mosquito-transmitted, filarial nematode parasitizing dogs, cats and other carnivores. Recently, this parasite has spread in central Europe, including Poland. Th...

    Authors: Anna Bajer, Anna Rodo, Ewa J. Mierzejewska, Katarzyna Tołkacz and Renata Welc-Faleciak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:183

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