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Parasitology

The parasitology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of parasitological infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Schistosoma and Fasciola are zoonotic parasites of public health and veterinary importance. However, while the epidemiology of schistosomiasis in humans is well studied, little is known about fascioliasis and sch...

    Authors: Jules N. Kouadio, Jennifer Giovanoli Evack, Louise Y. Achi, Dominik Fritsche, Mamadou Ouattara, Kigbafori D. Silué, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jan Hattendorf, Jürg Utzinger, Jakob Zinsstag, Oliver Balmer and Eliézer K. N’Goran

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:446

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recent studies have reported the existence of a Trichuris species complex parasitizing primate. Nevertheless, the genetic and evolutionary relationship between Trichuris spp. parasitizing humans and Non-Human Pri...

    Authors: Julia Rivero, Ángela María García-Sánchez, Antonio Zurita, Cristina Cutillas and Rocío Callejón

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:445

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic infections in both humans and animals. It is a frequent cause of abortion and stillbirth in intermediate hosts, especially sheep and goats but rarely causes fa...

    Authors: Silvia Pavone, Silvia Crotti, Deborah Cruciani, Nicoletta D’Avino, Jacopo Zema, Simone Morelli, Marco Gobbi and Laura Madeo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:423

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Anaplasmosis, an animal disease caused by rickettsial bacteria in the genus Anaplasma, is of considerable economic importance in livestock animals in many countries worldwide. The objectives of this study were to...

    Authors: Anh H. L. Nguyen, Sonthaya Tiawsirisup and Morakot Kaewthamasorn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:380

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species are tick-borne pathogens of both veterinary and public health importance. The current status of these pathogens, including emerging species such as Ehrlichia minasensis and Anaplas...

    Authors: Shepelo Getrude Peter, Gabriel Oluga Aboge, Hellen Wambui Kariuki, Esther Gathoni Kanduma, Daniel Waweru Gakuya, Ndichu Maingi, Charles Matiku Mulei and Alfred Omwando Mainga

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:364

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is a disease of substantial economic and public health importance particularly in low–income countries. The disease was reported to be endemic in Mbeya Rural and Mbozi distri...

    Authors: Mwemezi L. Kabululu, Helena A. Ngowi, James E. D. Mlangwa, Ernatus M. Mkupasi, Uffe C. Braae, Chiara Trevisan, Angela Colston, Claudia Cordel and Maria V. Johansen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:325

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Captive and free-ranging wild mammals have been recognized as potential reservoirs of Leishmania infantum infection. The aim of this study was to describe the first clinical case of leishmaniosis in the Eurasian ...

    Authors: Ana Cantos-Barreda, Ricardo Navarro, Luis Pardo-Marín, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Elena Ortega, José J. Cerón, Fernando Tecles and Damián Escribano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:312

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Feline and canine babesiosis is an important tick-borne disease caused by parasites of the genus Babesia. The disease has a worldwide distribution and causes serious health problems in domestic and wild canidae a...

    Authors: Jinming Wang, Xiaoxing Wang, Hao Sun, Zhaoyun Lv, Youquan Li, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:297

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Non-invasive sampling through faecal collection is one of the most cost-effective alternatives for monitoring of free-living wild mammals, as it provides information on animal taxonomy as well as the dynamics ...

    Authors: Laís Verdan Dib, João Pedro Siqueira Palmer, Camila de Souza Carvalho Class, Jessica Lima Pinheiro, Raissa Cristina Ferreira Ramos, Claudijane Ramos dos Santos, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Karen Gisele Rodríguez-Castro, Camila Francisco Gonçalves, Pedro Manoel Galetti Jr., Otilio Machado Pereira Bastos, Claudia Maria Antunes Uchôa, Laís Lisboa Corrêa, Augusto Cezar Machado Pereira Bastos, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira and Alynne da Silva Barbosa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:295

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Leucaena leucocephala, as a shrub legume rich in condensed tannins, is a candidate for the integrated control of gastrointestinal parasitic pathogen nematodes. Here, we investigated the anthelmintic potential of ...

    Authors: Carine Marie-Magdeleine, Steve Ceriac, Dingamgoto Jesse Barde, Nathalie Minatchy, Fred Periacarpin, Frederic Pommier, Brigitte Calif, Lucien Philibert, Jean-Christophe Bambou and Harry Archimède

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:280

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Prophylactic anthelmintic treatment with one of three basic classes of anthelmintics (benzimidazoles, macrocyclic lactones and imidazothiazoles) is still the mainstay of control of gastrointestinal nematode in...

    Authors: Marcin Mickiewicz, Michał Czopowicz, Ewelina Kawecka-Grochocka, Agata Moroz, Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Marián Várady, Alżbeta Königová, Marina Spinu, Paweł Górski, Emilia Bagnicka and Jarosław Kaba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:270

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bartonella bacteria have been associated with an increasingly wide range of human and animal diseases. These emerging pathogens have been identified as being globally dispersed. Ticks and small rodents are known ...

    Authors: Lili Hao, Dongbo Yuan, Li Guo, Wei Hou, Xi Mo, Jie Yin, Aiguo Yang and Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:235

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A large number of animal species are susceptible to Leishmania infantum (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae) in endemic areas, including domestic and wild felids such as tigers (Panthera tigris). Knowledge on the i...

    Authors: Maria Alfonsa Cavalera, Roberta Iatta, Pietro Laricchiuta, Giuseppe Passantino, Francesca Abramo, Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Domenico Otranto and Andrea Zatelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:214

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Microsporidia are common opportunistic parasites in humans and animals, including rabbits. However, only limited epidemiology data concern about the prevalence and molecular characterization of Enterocytozoon bie...

    Authors: Lei Deng, Yijun Chai, Leiqiong Xiang, Wuyou Wang, Ziyao Zhou, Haifeng Liu, Zhijun Zhong, Hualin Fu and Guangneng Peng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:212

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Enterocytozoon bieneusi, a common opportunistic fungal pathogen, has a wide range of hosts. Limited epidemiological data on E. bieneusi intestinal infections in companion animals (dogs and cats) in China exists. ...

    Authors: Haiyan Wang, Xuhui Lin, Yongxiang Sun, Nanshan Qi, Minna Lv, Wenwan Xiao, Yuancai Chen, Ruiping Xiang, Mingfei Sun and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Enterocytozoon bieneusi, a zoonotic pathogen, has the potential to infect both immunocompromised and immunocompetent humans. It is found in large number of animals; however, not much is known regarding its preval...

    Authors: Aiyun Zhao, Ying Zhang, Wen Wang, Bo Jing, Jinming Xing, Dayong Tao, Wei Zhao and Meng Qi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:196

    Content type: Research article

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  17. All dogs imported into Iceland must undergo mandatory quarantine in a special station before introduction into the country. A faecal sample is collected from the first stool passed by the dog in this station a...

    Authors: Karl Skírnisson and Donald W. Duszynski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:195

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. Infections of small ruminants with trichostrongyloid nematodes often result in reduced productivity and may be detrimental to the host. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) against most anthelmintic drug classes is no...

    Authors: Barbara Hinney, Julia Schoiswohl, Lynsey Melville, Vahel J. Ameen, Walpurga Wille-Piazzai, Karl Bauer, Anja Joachim, Jürgen Krücken, Philip J. Skuce and Reinhild Krametter-Frötscher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:132

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Wild Amur tigers are a sparsely populated species, and the conservation of this species is of great concern worldwide, but as an important health risk factor, parasite infection in them is not fully understand...

    Authors: Zhi-wei Peng, Yao Ning, Dan Liu, Ying Sun, Li-xin Wang, Qi-an Zhai, Zhi-jun Hou, Hong-liang Chai and Guang-shun Jiang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:86

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Cryptosporidium and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are two important pathogens with zoonotic potential that cause enteric infections in a wide range of hosts, including humans. Both are transmitted from animals to human...

    Authors: Sheng-Nan Wang, Yun Sun, Huan-Huan Zhou, Gang Lu, Meng Qi, Wei-Shi Liu and Wei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:84

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ticks and tick-borne diseases are increasingly recognized as a cause of disease in dogs worldwide. The epidemiology of ticks and tick-transmitted protozoa and bacteria has changed due to the spread of ticks to...

    Authors: Stefania Zanet, Elena Battisti, Paola Pepe, Lavinia Ciuca, Liliana Colombo, Anna Trisciuoglio, Ezio Ferroglio, Giuseppe Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi and Maria Paola Maurelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Haemonchus contortus (H. contortus) is one of the most important parasites that cause huge economic losses to small ruminant industry worldwide. Effective prognosis and treatment depend upon the early diagnosis o...

    Authors: Muhammad Ali-ul-Husnain Naqvi, Kalibixiati Aimulajiang, Muhammad Ali Memon, Muhammad Waqqas Hasan, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Shakeel Ahmed Lakho, Wen Chu, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:36

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Parasites of the family Spirorchiidae cause disease and mortality in marine and freshwater turtles; two species, Hapalotrema mistroides and Neospirorchis sp., are reported in the resident population of loggerhead...

    Authors: Erica Marchiori, Giorgia Dotto, Cinzia Tessarin, Mario Santoro, Andrea Affuso, Luciano Tarricone, Ludovica Di Renzo, Daniela Freggi, Vincenzoleo Spoto and Federica Marcer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:16

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Babesia spp. are important emerging tick-borne protozoan hemoparasites, and pose a great impact on companion animals. Canine babesiosis has been well described worldwide, while felis babesiosis has primarily been...

    Authors: Xue-Lian Zhang, Xiao-Wen Li, Wen-Jun Li, Hui-Lan Huang, Shu-Jian Huang and Jian-Wei Shao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:476

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Leishmaniosis, a disease caused by pathogenic Leishmania parasites, remains an unresolved health problem in the New World and the Old World. It is well known that lizards can be infected by a subgenus of Leishman...

    Authors: Jun-Rong Zhang, Xian-Guang Guo, Han Chen, Jin-Long Liu, Xiong Gong, Da-Li Chen and Jian-Ping Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:446

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Babesia gibsoni (B. gibsoni) is an intraerythrocytic protozoan parasite of dogs that causes fever and hemolytic illness. A timely diagnosis is essential for the disease management.

    Authors: I-Li Liu, Nai-Yu Chi, Chia-Ling Chang, Ming-Long Hung, Chun-Ta Chiu and Hui-Wen Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:428

    Content type: Methodology article

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  27. Canine leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum, being the dogs one of the major reservoirs of human visceral leishmaniasis. DNA topology is a consolidated target for drug discovery. In t...

    Authors: Rosa M. Reguera, Raquel Álvarez-Velilla, Bárbara Domínguez-Asenjo, Camino Gutiérrez-Corbo, Rafael Balaña-Fouce, Mark Cushman and Yolanda Pérez-Pertejo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:405

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Many studies have revealed that bioactive compounds for different indications are not extracted from plants with water, the only extractant practically available to rural communities. We compared the acaricida...

    Authors: Emmanuel T. Nyahangare, Brighton M. Mvumi, Lyndy J. McGaw and Jacobus N. Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:404

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Leishmaniosis, zoonosis that produces significant public health impacts, is caused by Leishmania infantum. Canines are the main domestic reservoir and, besides humans, other species of mammals could be infected w...

    Authors: Taiane Acunha Escobar, Gabriela Dowich, Thália Pacheco dos Santos, Luísa Zuravski, Claudia Acosta Duarte, Irina Lübeck and Vanusa Manfredini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:381

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Caretta caretta is the most abundant sea turtle species in the Mediterranean, and studies on this species have vastly expanded during recent years, including those investigating gut bacterial and parasitic commun...

    Authors: Antonino Pace, Laura Rinaldi, Davide Ianniello, Luca Borrelli, Giuseppe Cringoli, Alessandro Fioretti, Sandra Hochscheid and Ludovico Dipineto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:370

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular apicomplexan protozoan parasite, can infect almost all warm-blooded animals. The aim of the present study was to investigate T. gondii oocyst-driven infection in pigs, chickens...

    Authors: Xiao-Yi Liu, Ze-Dong Wang, Saeed El-Ashram and Quan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:366

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Paramphistomosis is a pathogenic disease of domesticated ruminants, causing great economic loss in dairy industry and meat production. It is considered as a neglected tropical disease with highest prevalence t...

    Authors: Saptarshi Roy and Larisha Mawkhlieng Lyndem

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:360

    Content type: Research article

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  33. African animal trypanosomosis remains the major constraint of livestock production and livelihood of pastoral communities in Cameroon. Despite several decades of vector and parasite control efforts, it has not...

    Authors: Archile Paguem, Babette Abanda, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Judith Sophie Weber, Sen Claudine Henriette Ngomtcho, Kingsley Tanyi Manchang, Mamoudou Adoulmoumini, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz, Sørge Kelm and Mbunkah Daniel Achukwi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:344

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Haemonchosis is one of the most economically important parasitic diseases affecting small ruminants all over the world. Chemotherapeutic control has several shortcomings (limited anthelmintic arsenal, frequent...

    Authors: María Elena González-Sánchez, Melissa Ndombasi-Bokuy, Montserrat Cuquerella and José María Alunda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:333

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been increasingly reported to infect domestic animals and humans, with human infections primarily reported as zoonotic in origin. The aim of the present study was to determine the pres...

    Authors: Ruenruetai Udonsom, Rapeepun Prasertbun, Aongart Mahittikorn, Rachatawan Chiabchalard, Chantira Sutthikornchai, Attakorn Palasuwan and Supaluk Popruk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:308

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Parallel in vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate promising chemotherapeutic alternatives for controlling haemonchosis in ruminants. In vitro anthelmintic activities (egg hatch test – EHT; la...

    Authors: Dominika Mravčáková, Zora Váradyová, Anna Kopčáková, Klaudia Čobanová, Ľubomíra Grešáková, Svetlana Kišidayová, Michal Babják, Michaela Urda Dolinská, Emília Dvorožňáková, Alžbeta Königová, Jaroslav Vadlejch, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Ślusarczyk and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:302

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Raising cattle on pastures is known to be beneficial for animal welfare and cost reduction. However, grazing is associated with the risk of contracting tick-borne diseases, such as theileriosis. Here, the effi...

    Authors: Jinho Park, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Suhee Kim, Do-Hyeon Yu, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae and Kyoung-Seong Choi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:297

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of anthelmintics in goats raised under mountain farming conditions in northern Italy. On 8 goat farms (n = 143 animals), a faecal egg count reduction (FECR) test was done...

    Authors: C. Lambertz, I. Poulopoulou, K. Wuthijaree and M. Gauly

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:216

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Since pastoralists in South Darfur, Sudan, had complained about lack of albendazole (ABZ) efficacy to control nematodes in goats, the frequency of infection with gastrointestinal helminths was studied before i...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohammedsalih, Amna Khalafalla, Ahmed Bashar, Adam Abakar, Abdelhakaim Hessain, Fathel-Rahman Juma, Gerald Coles, Jürgen Krücken and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:184

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Dourine, a venereal transmitted trypanosomosis caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum, has different clinical signs related to the reproductive and nervous system. Pathologic tissue changes associated with the disease ...

    Authors: Ahmed Yasine, Hagos Ashenafi, Peter Geldhof, Leen Van Brantegem, Griet Vercauteren, Merga Bekana, Alemu Tola, Ann Van Soom, Luc Duchateau, Bruno Goddeeris and Jan Govaere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:175

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Rotheca glabrum (formerly known as Clerodendrum glabrum [Verbenaceae]) is used by local communities in the Limpopo Province of South Africa to control ticks on livestock and was selected from the database of the ...

    Authors: Kedibone Gloria Mawela, Dibungi Luseba, Solomon Magano and Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:122

    Content type: Case Report

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  42. Cryptosporidium spp. are important zoonotic pathogens infecting a wide range of vertebrate hosts, and causing moderate to severe diarrhea in humans. Cryptosporidium infections are frequently reported in humans an...

    Authors: Shuangjian Zheng, Dongfang Li, Chunxiang Zhou, Sumei Zhang, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Yuancai Chen, Jianying Huang, Changshen Ning, Gaiping Zhang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:101

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Haemonchosis affects sheep husbandry and its treatment is often compromised due to the development of anthelminthic resistance. Plant-derived bioactive compounds have been studied as alternative to control Haemon...

    Authors: Suelen Mendonça Soares, Robert Domingues, Emanuelle Baldo Gaspar, Patrício Azevedo dos Santos, Kirley Marques Canuto, Alessandro Pelegrine Minho and Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:99

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance is an increasingly serious problem due to the excessive use of this anthelmintic for controlling Haemonchus contortus, which is one of the major gastrointestinal nematodes infecting ...

    Authors: Dong-dong Shen, Zhi-wei Peng, Min Hu, Zong-ze Zhang, Zhi-jun Hou and Zhen-sheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:89

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Infection and Treatment Method (ITM) of vaccination is the only immunization procedure currently available to protect cattle against East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-transmitted disease responsible for losse...

    Authors: Ekta Patel, Stephen Mwaura, Giuseppe Di Giulio, Elizabeth A. J. Cook, Godelieve Lynen and Philip Toye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:46

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Fascioliasis is a trematode zoonotic snail-borne disease of public health and economic importance. The disease causes liver damage and is hardly recognized by medical personnel hence, is rarely considered as t...

    Authors: Stanley S. Nyirenda, Matthews Sakala, Lennon Moonde, Edgar Kayesa, Paul Fandamu, Fredrick Banda and Yona Sinkala

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:33

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Cats can be infested with several ectoparasite species, especially Ctenocephalides felis and Otodectes cynotis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single topical application of fluralaner aga...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Federico Leone, Rosachiara Vascone, Saverio Pennacchio, Lavinia Ciuca, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:28

    Content type: Research article

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As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

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