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Parasitology

Section edited by Dr. Johannes Charlier

The parasitology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of parasitological infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Babesia gibsoni (B. gibsoni) is an intraerythrocytic protozoan parasite of dogs that causes fever and hemolytic illness. A timely diagnosis is essential for the disease management.

    Authors: I-Li Liu, Nai-Yu Chi, Chia-Ling Chang, Ming-Long Hung, Chun-Ta Chiu and Hui-Wen Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:428

    Content type: Methodology article

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  2. Canine leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum, being the dogs one of the major reservoirs of human visceral leishmaniasis. DNA topology is a consolidated target for drug discovery. In t...

    Authors: Rosa M. Reguera, Raquel Álvarez-Velilla, Bárbara Domínguez-Asenjo, Camino Gutiérrez-Corbo, Rafael Balaña-Fouce, Mark Cushman and Yolanda Pérez-Pertejo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:405

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Many studies have revealed that bioactive compounds for different indications are not extracted from plants with water, the only extractant practically available to rural communities. We compared the acaricida...

    Authors: Emmanuel T. Nyahangare, Brighton M. Mvumi, Lyndy J. McGaw and Jacobus N. Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:404

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Leishmaniosis, zoonosis that produces significant public health impacts, is caused by Leishmania infantum. Canines are the main domestic reservoir and, besides humans, other species of mammals could be infected w...

    Authors: Taiane Acunha Escobar, Gabriela Dowich, Thália Pacheco dos Santos, Luísa Zuravski, Claudia Acosta Duarte, Irina Lübeck and Vanusa Manfredini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:381

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Caretta caretta is the most abundant sea turtle species in the Mediterranean, and studies on this species have vastly expanded during recent years, including those investigating gut bacterial and parasitic commun...

    Authors: Antonino Pace, Laura Rinaldi, Davide Ianniello, Luca Borrelli, Giuseppe Cringoli, Alessandro Fioretti, Sandra Hochscheid and Ludovico Dipineto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:370

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular apicomplexan protozoan parasite, can infect almost all warm-blooded animals. The aim of the present study was to investigate T. gondii oocyst-driven infection in pigs, chickens...

    Authors: Xiao-Yi Liu, Ze-Dong Wang, Saeed El-Ashram and Quan Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:366

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Paramphistomosis is a pathogenic disease of domesticated ruminants, causing great economic loss in dairy industry and meat production. It is considered as a neglected tropical disease with highest prevalence t...

    Authors: Saptarshi Roy and Larisha Mawkhlieng Lyndem

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:360

    Content type: Research article

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  8. African animal trypanosomosis remains the major constraint of livestock production and livelihood of pastoral communities in Cameroon. Despite several decades of vector and parasite control efforts, it has not...

    Authors: Archile Paguem, Babette Abanda, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Judith Sophie Weber, Sen Claudine Henriette Ngomtcho, Kingsley Tanyi Manchang, Mamoudou Adoulmoumini, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz, Sørge Kelm and Mbunkah Daniel Achukwi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:344

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Haemonchosis is one of the most economically important parasitic diseases affecting small ruminants all over the world. Chemotherapeutic control has several shortcomings (limited anthelmintic arsenal, frequent...

    Authors: María Elena González-Sánchez, Melissa Ndombasi-Bokuy, Montserrat Cuquerella and José María Alunda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:333

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been increasingly reported to infect domestic animals and humans, with human infections primarily reported as zoonotic in origin. The aim of the present study was to determine the pres...

    Authors: Ruenruetai Udonsom, Rapeepun Prasertbun, Aongart Mahittikorn, Rachatawan Chiabchalard, Chantira Sutthikornchai, Attakorn Palasuwan and Supaluk Popruk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:308

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Parallel in vitro and in vivo experiments were designed to evaluate promising chemotherapeutic alternatives for controlling haemonchosis in ruminants. In vitro anthelmintic activities (egg hatch test – EHT; la...

    Authors: Dominika Mravčáková, Zora Váradyová, Anna Kopčáková, Klaudia Čobanová, Ľubomíra Grešáková, Svetlana Kišidayová, Michal Babják, Michaela Urda Dolinská, Emília Dvorožňáková, Alžbeta Königová, Jaroslav Vadlejch, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Ślusarczyk and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:302

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Raising cattle on pastures is known to be beneficial for animal welfare and cost reduction. However, grazing is associated with the risk of contracting tick-borne diseases, such as theileriosis. Here, the effi...

    Authors: Jinho Park, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Suhee Kim, Do-Hyeon Yu, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae and Kyoung-Seong Choi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:297

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of anthelmintics in goats raised under mountain farming conditions in northern Italy. On 8 goat farms (n = 143 animals), a faecal egg count reduction (FECR) test was done...

    Authors: C. Lambertz, I. Poulopoulou, K. Wuthijaree and M. Gauly

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:216

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Since pastoralists in South Darfur, Sudan, had complained about lack of albendazole (ABZ) efficacy to control nematodes in goats, the frequency of infection with gastrointestinal helminths was studied before i...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohammedsalih, Amna Khalafalla, Ahmed Bashar, Adam Abakar, Abdelhakaim Hessain, Fathel-Rahman Juma, Gerald Coles, Jürgen Krücken and Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:184

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Dourine, a venereal transmitted trypanosomosis caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum, has different clinical signs related to the reproductive and nervous system. Pathologic tissue changes associated with the disease ...

    Authors: Ahmed Yasine, Hagos Ashenafi, Peter Geldhof, Leen Van Brantegem, Griet Vercauteren, Merga Bekana, Alemu Tola, Ann Van Soom, Luc Duchateau, Bruno Goddeeris and Jan Govaere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:175

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Rotheca glabrum (formerly known as Clerodendrum glabrum [Verbenaceae]) is used by local communities in the Limpopo Province of South Africa to control ticks on livestock and was selected from the database of the ...

    Authors: Kedibone Gloria Mawela, Dibungi Luseba, Solomon Magano and Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:122

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Cryptosporidium spp. are important zoonotic pathogens infecting a wide range of vertebrate hosts, and causing moderate to severe diarrhea in humans. Cryptosporidium infections are frequently reported in humans an...

    Authors: Shuangjian Zheng, Dongfang Li, Chunxiang Zhou, Sumei Zhang, Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Yuancai Chen, Jianying Huang, Changshen Ning, Gaiping Zhang and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:101

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Haemonchosis affects sheep husbandry and its treatment is often compromised due to the development of anthelminthic resistance. Plant-derived bioactive compounds have been studied as alternative to control Haemon...

    Authors: Suelen Mendonça Soares, Robert Domingues, Emanuelle Baldo Gaspar, Patrício Azevedo dos Santos, Kirley Marques Canuto, Alessandro Pelegrine Minho and Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:99

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Benzimidazole (BZ) resistance is an increasingly serious problem due to the excessive use of this anthelmintic for controlling Haemonchus contortus, which is one of the major gastrointestinal nematodes infecting ...

    Authors: Dong-dong Shen, Zhi-wei Peng, Min Hu, Zong-ze Zhang, Zhi-jun Hou and Zhen-sheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:89

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The Infection and Treatment Method (ITM) of vaccination is the only immunization procedure currently available to protect cattle against East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-transmitted disease responsible for losse...

    Authors: Ekta Patel, Stephen Mwaura, Giuseppe Di Giulio, Elizabeth A. J. Cook, Godelieve Lynen and Philip Toye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:46

    Content type: Methodology article

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  21. Fascioliasis is a trematode zoonotic snail-borne disease of public health and economic importance. The disease causes liver damage and is hardly recognized by medical personnel hence, is rarely considered as t...

    Authors: Stanley S. Nyirenda, Matthews Sakala, Lennon Moonde, Edgar Kayesa, Paul Fandamu, Fredrick Banda and Yona Sinkala

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:33

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cats can be infested with several ectoparasite species, especially Ctenocephalides felis and Otodectes cynotis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single topical application of fluralaner aga...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Federico Leone, Rosachiara Vascone, Saverio Pennacchio, Lavinia Ciuca, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:28

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cattle rearing in Cameroon is both economically and culturally important, however parasitic diseases detrimentally impact cattle productivity. In sub-Saharan Africa bovine fasciolosis is generally attributed to F...

    Authors: R. F. Kelly, S. Mazeri, C. Hartley, S. M. Hamman, V. Ngu Ngwa, E. F. Nkongho, V. Tanya, M. Sander, L. Ndip, K. L. Morgan, A. Muwonge, I. Handel, B. M. C. de Bronsvoort and D. J. L. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:8

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite the very low or absent parasitism in the lungs, the interstitial pneumonitis is a common lesion found in humans and dogs with visceral leishmaniasis. The lung is a neglected organ in the study of dogs ...

    Authors: Ricardo Goncalves, Soraia Oliveira Silva, Gregório Guilherme de Almeida, Carolina Carvalho de Souza, Wagner Luiz Tafuri and M. Norma Melo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:403

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An infestation of bot fly larvae causes myiasis which is known to cause respiratory symptoms in ruminants. There are reports of bot fly larvae in llamas, but to our knowledge there are no previous reports of n...

    Authors: Teresa Maria Punsmann, Lucie Marie Grimm, Carolin Reckmann, Cornelia Schwennen, Matthias Gerhard Wagener and Martin Ganter

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:384

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Leishmania parasites cause visceral leishmaniasis (VL), an important infectious disease that is endemic to large parts of the world and often leads to epidemics. Sand flies are the primary transmission vector for...

    Authors: Shuai Han, Wei-Ping Wu, Kai Chen, Israyil Osman, Kaisar Kiyim, Jun Zhao, Yan-Yan Hou, Ying Wang, Li-Ying Wang and Can-Jun Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:378

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sarcocystis species are intracellular protozoan parasites that can pose a threat to animal health and food safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of infection with Sarcocystis infection i...

    Authors: Hui Dong, Ruijing Su, Yinghua Wang, Zongxi Tong, Longxian Zhang, Yurong Yang and Junjie Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:377

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Diminazene diaceturate (DA) and isometamidium chloride hydrochloride (ISM) are with homidium bromide, the main molecules used to treat African Animal Trypanosomosis (AAT). These drugs can be purchased from off...

    Authors: Zakaria Bengaly, Sèna Hervé Vitouley, Martin Bienvenu Somda, André Zongo, Assiongbon Têko-Agbo, Giuliano Cecchi, Yahaya Adam, Issa Sidibé, Balé Bayala, Adrien Marie Gaston Belem, Jan Van Den Abbeele and Vincent Delespaux

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:361

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Avian coccidiosis is often caused by co-infection with several species of Eimeria worldwide. Developing a multivalent vaccine with an antigen common to multiple Eimeria species is a promising strategy for control...

    Authors: Jianhua Liu, Lianrui Liu, Lingjuan Li, Di Tian, Wenyu Li, Lixin Xu, Ruofeng Yan, Xiangrui Li and Xiaokai Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:337

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Worldwide, Fasciola hepatica infection causes high production losses in the livestock industry. Recently, studies have analyzed the association between measurements of F. hepatica infection intensity and herd man...

    Authors: Amilcar Arenal, Yipsi García, Lídice Quesada, Dayamis Velázquez, Diamela Sánchez, Mayelin Peña, Asnaldo Suárez, Arnielis Díaz, Yuliet Sánchez, Stijn Casaert, Jan van Dijk, Jozef Vercruysse and Johannes Charlier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:336

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan that can infect humans and other animals, including cattle. Cattle are one of the world’s main sources of meat, and people who consume raw or undercooked meat and m...

    Authors: Hui Dong, Yao Yao Lu, Rui Jing Su, Ying Hua Wang, Meng Yao Wang, Yi Bao Jiang and Yu Rong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:315

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Echinococcosis and toxocarosis caused by the genus of Echinococcus and Toxocara spp. are among important helminthic diseases worldwide. Limited data on the prevalence of these parasites persuaded us to determine ...

    Authors: Molouk Beiromvand, Abdollah Rafiei, Elham Razmjou and Sharif Maraghi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:224

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) became extinct over large areas of Britain during the post mediaeval period but following re-introductions from Europe during the 1800s and early 1900s the population started to rec...

    Authors: Victor R. Simpson and Damer P. Blake

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:198

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. Liver fluke infection caused by the parasite Fasciola hepatica is a major cause of production losses to the cattle industry in the UK. To investigate farm-level risk factors for fluke infection, a randomised meth...

    Authors: Catherine M. McCann, Helen E. Clough, Matthew Baylis and Diana J. L. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:185

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Maytenus senegalensis is a common shrub which is scattered in tropical Africa. Different parts of this plant have been reported to be useful in traditional medicine against gastrointestinal disorders and intestin...

    Authors: Calvin Bogning Zangueu, Abiodoun Pascal Olounlade, Marlyse Ossokomack, Yolande Noelle Nangue Djouatsa, Goue Géorcelin Alowanou, Anatole Guy Blaise Azebaze, Eulogio José Llorent-Martínez, Maria Luisa Fernández de Córdova, Alain Bertrand Dongmo and Mawulé Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:147

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The tick-borne protozoan parasite Theileria parva causes a usually fatal cattle disease known as East Coast fever in sub-Saharan Africa, with devastating consequences for poor small-holder farmers. Immunity to T....

    Authors: Lucilla Steinaa, Nicholas Svitek, Elias Awino, Thomas Njoroge, Rosemary Saya, Ivan Morrison and Philip Toye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:145

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals, including small ruminants. Sheep and goats are considered as biological indicators for the contamination of the environment with Toxoplasm...

    Authors: Yara M. Al-Kappany, Ibrahim E. Abbas, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Pierre Dorny, Malgorzata Jennes and Eric Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:120

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Hunting constitutes an important industry in Europe. However, data on the prevalence of vector-borne bacteria in large game animal species are lacking from several countries. Blood or spleen samples (239 and 2...

    Authors: Sándor Hornok, László Sugár, Isabel G. Fernández de Mera, José de la Fuente, Gábor Horváth, Tibor Kovács, Attila Micsutka, Enikő Gönczi, Barbara Flaisz, Nóra Takács, Róbert Farkas, Marina L. Meli and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:98

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The gastrointestinal parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus is a pathogenic organism resistant to several anthelmintics. This study assessed the efficacy of a medicinal herbal mixture (Herbmix) and organic zinc,...

    Authors: Zora Váradyová, Dominika Mravčáková, Michal Babják, Magdalena Bryszak, Ľubomíra Grešáková, Klaudia Čobanová, Svetlana Kišidayová, Iveta Plachá, Alžbeta Königová, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Slusarczyk, Lukasz Pecio, Mariusz Kowalczyk and Marián Várady

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:78

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasitic disease infecting humans and a wide range of mammalian species including ...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Ahmed, Bashir Salim, Martin P. Grobusch and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:36

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Giardia duodenalis is one of the most common enteric parasites in domestic animals including dogs. Young animals are more prone to the infection, with clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to acute or...

    Authors: Manuel Adell-Aledón, Pamela C. Köster, Aida de Lucio, Paula Puente, Marta Hernández-de-Mingo, Paula Sánchez-Thevenet, María Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela and David Carmena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:26

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Nematode infections in horses are widespread across the world. Increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance, reported worldwide in equine parasites, have led to the creation of programs for the control of nema...

    Authors: Antonio Bosco, Maria Paola Maurelli, Davide Ianniello, Maria Elena Morgoglione, Alessandra Amadesi, Gerald C. Coles, Giuseppe Cringoli and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:7

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Trypanocidal drugs have been used to control African animal trypanosomosis for several decades. In Ethiopia, these drugs are available from both authorized (legal) and unauthorized (illegal) sources but docume...

    Authors: T. Tekle, G. Terefe, T. Cherenet, H. Ashenafi, K. G. Akoda, A. Teko-Agbo, J. Van Den Abbeele, G. Gari, P.-H. Clausen, A. Hoppenheit, R. C. Mattioli, R. Peter, T. Marcotty, G. Cecchi and V. Delespaux

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:4

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) is a species of Eimeria that causes haemorrhagic caecal coccidiosis, resulting in major economic losses in the global poultry industry. After E. tenella in...

    Authors: Zhiyong Xu, Mingxue Zheng, Li Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Xiaozhen Cui, Xin Gong, Rou Xi and Rui Bai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:399

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Bovine babesiosis is one of the most economically important tick-borne diseases threatening the livestock industry globally including South Africa. This disease is induced by members of Babesia bovis species. Ant...

    Authors: Phillip Senzo Mtshali and Moses Sibusiso Mtshali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:383

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Benzimidazoles (BZ) are a class of drugs widely used in veterinary and human medicine, creating a great selection pressure and the emergence of BZ resistance. We conducted a systematic review to assess the sta...

    Authors: Lauren Hubert Jaeger and Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:358

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Nagana (African Animal Trypanosomiasis-AAT) and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) constrain livestock production in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa. To this realisation, Uganda government set up an African trypanoso...

    Authors: Dennis Muhanguzi, Albert Mugenyi, Godfrey Bigirwa, Maureen Kamusiime, Ann Kitibwa, Grace Gloria Akurut, Sylvester Ochwo, Wilson Amanyire, Samuel George Okech, Jan Hattendorf and Robert Tweyongyere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:355

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Tritrichomonads like porcine Tritrichomonas foetus (previously named Tritrichomonas suis), can commensally live in nasal cavity of pigs, but it is rare to cause pulmonary tritrichomonosis.

    Authors: Yuanyuan Shi, Wei Jiang, Zhiyong Ma and Yafeng Qiu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:348

    Content type: Case Report

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  49. As there is little data on vector-borne diseases of cats in the Caribbean region and even around the world, we tested feral cats from St Kitts by PCR to detect infections with Babesia, Ehrlichia and spotted fever...

    Authors: Patrick John Kelly, Liza Köster, Jing Li, Jilei Zhang, Ke Huang, Gillian Carmichael Branford, Silvia Marchi, Michel Vandenplas and Chengming Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:331

    Content type: Research article

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