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Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Section edited by Dr. Rick Sanchez

The ophthalmology section considers research that addresses the etiology and treatment of various ocular disorders in veterinary patients. This includes, but not limited to, studies on therapeutic strategies, molecular diagnostics, genetics and genomics, epidemiology, anatomical studies, and comparative ophthalmology.


  1. Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is one of the possible conditions underlying ocular surface disorders (OSD). Prevalence of MGD in dogs affected by OSD has not yet been reported. We aimed to evaluate the prev...

    Authors: Marta Viñas, Federica Maggio, Nunzio D’Anna, Roberto Rabozzi and Claudio Peruccio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:443

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To report the occurrence of choroidal hypoplasia in the Australian Kelpie breed in Poland, the affected dogs testing positive for the Collie Eye Anomaly NHEJ1 gene mutation.

    Authors: Natalia Kucharczyk, Anna Cislo-Pakuluk and Peter Bedford

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:392

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  3. Pigmentary keratitis (PK) is commonly recognised in Pugs, but its aetiology is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated features of PK in Pugs in the Unit...

    Authors: S. Maini, R. Everson, C. Dawson, Y. M. Chang, C. Hartley and R. F. Sanchez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:384

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Canine lobular orbital adenomas are benign tumors that arise from orbital glandular tissue and extend into the orbit, conjunctiva, and third eyelid. Surgical excision is challenging and recurrence rates are hi...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. F. Schaefer, Shirley Chu, Jacqueline W. Pearce, Jeffrey N. Bryan and Brian K. Flesner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:226

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Open angle glaucoma is the only type of primary glaucoma reported in Beagles. This case report describes a primary angle-closure glaucoma in a Beagle and its diagnostic and prognostic relevance.

    Authors: Shin Ae Park, Dodd Sledge, Colleen Monahan, Joshua T. Bartoe and András M. Komáromy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:75

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Primary corneal tumors are unusual in dogs although there has been a rise in the prevalence of canine corneal squamous cell carcinoma in the past decades due to different factors. Exposure to ultraviolet radia...

    Authors: López-Murcia María del Mar, Mayordomo-Febrer Aloma, Viana David, Mozos Elena and Ortega Joaquín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:52

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Despite appropriate medical therapy, many horses with equine recurrent uveitis continue to suffer from recurrent bouts of inflammation. Surgical intervention via the pars plana vitrectomy or suprachoroidal cyc...

    Authors: Britta M. Fischer, Richard J. McMullen Jr, Sven Reese and Walter Brehm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:29

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The fluorescein clearance test (FCT) provides insight into the tear film dynamics. The purpose of this study was to describe an inexpensive and practical method for assessing FCT in dogs, using photography and...

    Authors: Arianne Pontes Oriá, Miriam Flores Rebouças, Emanoel Martins Filho, Francisco de Assis Dórea Neto, Ana Cláudia Raposo and Lionel Sebbag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:269

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:305

  9. Commensal bacterial and fungal flora of the conjunctival sac has been described in horses and other animals. The identification of commensal flora of the conjunctival sac may aid in the diagnosis of ocular inf...

    Authors: A. Zak, N. Siwinska, M. Slowikowska, H. Borowicz, K. Ploneczka – Janeczko, P. Chorbinski and A. Niedzwiedz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:261

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation during cataract surgery in horses occur with increasing frequency. To reduce the postoperative refractive error it is necessary to determine the prop...

    Authors: Ulrike Meister, Christiane Görig, Christopher J. Murphy, Hubertus Haan, Bernhard Ohnesorge and Michael H. Boevé

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:123

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Quantification of lacrimal total protein content (TPC) is an important tool for clinical scientists to understand disease pathogenesis, identify potential biomarkers and assess response to therapy, among other...

    Authors: Lionel Sebbag, Emily M. McDowell, Patrick M. Hepner and Jonathan P. Mochel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Rabbits are currently not a good model for studying diseases of the corneal endothelium because their corneal endothelial cells (CECs) maintain a high proliferative capacity throughout almost all their life. A...

    Authors: Sergi Segarra, Marta Leiva, Daniel Costa, Natàlia Coyo, Maria Sabés-Alsina, José Ríos and Teresa Peña

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Equine ocular diseases pose a medical challenge due to long-lasting and cost-consuming therapies as well as economic issues associated with potential decrease in value of affected horses. The scale of the prob...

    Authors: Katarzyna Paschalis-Trela, Anna Cywińska, Jan Trela, Michał Czopowicz, Jerzy Kita and Lucjan Witkowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:319

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Gabapentin is an antiepileptic drug widely approved as an add-on therapy for epilepsy treatment in human and dogs. There is a clinical impression that gabapentin is a suitable drug which attenuates the IOP ele...

    Authors: Alexandra Trbolova, Masoud Selk Ghaffari and Igor Capik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:288

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Covering the eye of all snakes is a transparent integumental structure known as the spectacle. In order to determine variations in spectacle thickness among species, the spectacles of 217 alcohol-preserved mus...

    Authors: Mari-Ann Otkjaer Da Silva, Steffen Heegaard, Tobias Wang, Jacob Thorup Gade, Christian Damsgaard and Mads Frost Bertelsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:258

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Implants are often used to improve the cosmetic appearance of horses after enucleation of the eye. When surgical site infection (SSI) occurs, the implant will almost always be lost. The aim of this study is to...

    Authors: Tsjester Huppes, Hanneke Hermans and Jos M. Ensink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:155

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The syndrome Multiple Congenital Ocular Anomalies (MCOA) is a congenital eye disorder in horses. Both the MCOA syndrome and the Silver coat colour in horses are caused by the same missense mutation in the premela...

    Authors: Maria K. Johansson, Kim Jäderkvist Fegraeus, Gabriella Lindgren and Björn Ekesten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:153

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:207

  18. Canine keratoconjunctivitis sicca (cKCS) is an inflammatory eye condition related to a deficiency in the tear aqueous fraction. Etiopathogenesis of such disease is substantially multifactorial, combining the i...

    Authors: Simona Destefanis, Daniela Giretto, Maria Cristina Muscolo, Alessandro Di Cerbo, Gianandrea Guidetti, Sergio Canello, Angela Giovazzino, Sara Centenaro and Giuseppe Terrazzano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:214

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:273

  19. It has been proposed that sildenafil citrate can increase ocular blood flow, and that this property can be used to treat ocular disorders that involve reflex vasoconstriction. This study therefore proposes to ...

    Authors: Ana Paula Araujo Costa, Aline Maria Vasconcelos Lima, Luiz Henrique da Silva, Rosângela de Oliveira Alves Carvalho, Andréia Vitor Couto do Amaral and Naida Cristina Borges

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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