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Nephrology and urology

Section edited by Dr. Hayley Henderson and Tillie Cryer

The nephrology and urology section considers research that addresses the etiology and treatment of nephrological and urological disorders in veterinary patients. This includes, but not limited to, studies on therapeutic strategies, diagnostics, genetics and genomics, epidemiology, anatomical studies, and comparative medicine. 

  1. Content type: Research article

    Since most prostatic diseases are associated with the organ’s enlargement, evaluation of prostatic size is a main criterion in the diagnosis of prostatic state of health. While enlargement is a non-uniform pro...

    Authors: Katharina Haverkamp, Lisa Katharina Harder, Nora Sophie Marita Kuhnt, Matthias Lüpke, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:361

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a promising renal biomarker, can exists as a monomer, a dimer and/or in a NGAL/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) complex form when associated with different ...

    Authors: Po-Han Wu, Wei-Li Hsu, Pei-Shiue Jason Tsai, Vin-Cent Wu, Han-Ju Tsai and Ya-Jane Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:306

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has typically a non-immune mediated origin in cats and immune-complex glomerulonephritis (ICGN) is scarcely described. Aims of this study were to characterize ICGN by light and ele...

    Authors: Francesco Rossi, Luca Aresu, Valeria Martini, Davide Trez, Rossella Zanetti, Luigi Michele Coppola, Filippo Ferri and Eric Zini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:303

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Struvite urolithiasis with bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) is commonly reported in dogs; few data exist to describe successful dissolution protocols in dogs with naturally occurring disease. We hypothe...

    Authors: Jonathan D. Dear, Jennifer A. Larsen, Michael Bannasch, Sean E. Hulsebosch, Jason W. Gagne, Eric G. Johnson and Jodi L. Westropp

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:273

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Urinalysis is a critical diagnostic test which is performed in routine veterinary medicine practice. In this diagnostic test, semiquantitative measurement of urine biochemical substances is carried out using u...

    Authors: Fatemeh Hekmatynia, Neda Eskandarzadeh, Masoud Imani, Mahdieh Rezaei and Mohamad Zamani-Ahmadmahmudi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:242

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common diseases occurring in cats. It is characterized by renal fibrosis, which is strongly correlated with impairment of renal function. Since renal biopsy is n...

    Authors: Chutimon Thanaboonnipat, Saikaew Sutayatram, Chollada Buranakarl and Nan Choisunirachon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:54

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to investigate the pathological changes and distribution of B. melitensis in the urinary tract of pregnant goats following acute experimental infection. Six Jamnapari crossbred does in th...

    Authors: M. Mazlina, S. Khairani-Bejo, H. Hazilawati, T. Tiagarahan, N. N. Shaqinah and M. Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:203

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In veterinary medicine, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography allowed the accurate quantification of liver, splenic and kidney vascularization in healthy dogs and the differentiation between malignant and benign h...

    Authors: Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro, Cyndi Mangano, Michela Pugliese, Giuseppe Mazzullo, Nicola M. Iannelli, Vito Angileri, Simona Morabito and Massimo De Majo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:84

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in geriatric cats, and the most prevalent pathology is chronic tubulointerstitial inflammation and fibrosis. The cell type predominantly responsible for the production of...

    Authors: J. S. Lawson, H. M. Syme, C. P. D. Wheeler-Jones and J. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:76

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    Renal biopsy is an essential tool for the diagnosis of proteinuric kidney diseases in dogs, and evaluation of immune complexes (IC) by immunofluorescence (IF) of frozen sections (IF-F) is required for the diag...

    Authors: Akira Yabuki, Mariko Sawa, Moeko Kohyama, Takeshi Hamamoto and Osamu Yamato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:371

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cheetahs in captivity have a high prevalence of chronic renal diseases. We ultrasonographically evaluated the renal volumes, a variety of renal dimensions, interarcuate artery resistive indices (RI) as well as...

    Authors: Robert M. Kirberger and Adrian S. W. Tordiffe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:312

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common canine prostatic disorder. Although most or even all intact male dogs may develop BPH by 5–8 years of age, many show no clinical signs. Taking into account...

    Authors: Dora Pinheiro, João Machado, Carlos Viegas, Cláudia Baptista, Estela Bastos, Joana Magalhães, Maria A. Pires, Luís Cardoso and Ana Martins-Bessa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:76

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    Hypophysitis is an umbrella term for a group of disorders involving inflammation of the pituitary gland. A rare occurrence in humans, hypophysitis can produce a range of clinical signs including (but not limit...

    Authors: Nina Marie Rzechorzek, Tiziana Liuti, Catherine Stalin and Katia Marioni-Henry

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:63

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Urate urolithiasis is a common problem in breed homozygous for the mutation that results in hyperuricosuria. Low purine diets have been recommended to reduce purine intake in these dogs.

    Authors: Jodi L. Westropp, Jennifer A. Larsen, Eric G. Johnson, Dannika Bannasch, Andrea J. Fascetti, Vincent Biourge and Yann Queau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:45

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Renal cortical echogenicity is routinely evaluated during ultrasonographic investigation of the kidneys. Both in dog and cat previous ex-vivo studies have revealed a poor correlation between renal echogenicity an...

    Authors: Tommaso Banzato, Federico Bonsembiante, Luca Aresu and Alessandro Zotti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:24

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  16. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing concern regarding the increase of antimicrobial resistant bacteria in companion animals. Yet, there are no studies comparing the resistance levels of these organisms in European countries. T...

    Authors: Cátia Marques, Luís Telo Gama, Adriana Belas, Karin Bergström, Stéphanie Beurlet, Alexandra Briend-Marchal, Els M. Broens, Marta Costa, Delphine Criel, Peter Damborg, Marloes A. M. van Dijk, Astrid M. van Dongen, Roswitha Dorsch, Carmen Martin Espada, Bernhard Gerber, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:213

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  17. Content type: Methodology article

    The aim of the work is the application of a bolus tracking technique for tomographic evaluation of the uretero-vesicular junction in dogs. Ten adult dogs (8–14 years) with variable body weight (2,8–32 kg) were...

    Authors: Maurizio Longo, Maria Elena Andreis, Cinzia Pettinato, Giuliano Ravasio, Vanessa Rabbogliatti, Donatella De Zani, Mauro Di Giancamillo and Davide Danilo Zani

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:64

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Nonimmune-mediated glomerulonephropathies are rarely reported in domestic animals with the exception of amyloidosis. Here we describe the pathological features and clinical course of a feline with protein-losi...

    Authors: Go Sugahara, Satoshi Hosaka, Takayuki Mineshige, Junichi Kamiie and Kinji Shirota

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:251

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