Musculoskeletal disorders and orthopaedics

Section edited by Ignacio Calvo

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  1. Research article

    A biomechanical comparison of conventional dynamic compression plates and string-of-pearls™ locking plates using cantilever bending in a canine Ilial fracture model

    Fracture of the ilium is common orthopedic injury that often requires surgical stabilization in canine patients. Of the various methods of surgical stabilization available, application of a lateral bone plate ...

    Allison R Kenzig, James R Butler, Lauren B Priddy, Kristen R Lacy and Steven H Elder

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:222

    Published on: 13 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Changes in concentrations of haemostatic and inflammatory biomarkers in synovial fluid after intra-articular injection of lipopolysaccharide in horses

    Septic arthritis is a common and potentially devastating disease characterized by severe intra-articular (IA) inflammation and fibrin deposition. Research into equine joint pathologies has focused on inflammat...

    Stine Mandrup Andreassen, Anne Mette Lindberg Vinther, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Pia Haubro Andersen, Aziz Tnibar, Annemarie T. Kristensen and Stine Jacobsen

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:182

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Small-sized newborn dogs skeletal development: radiologic, morphometric, and histological findings obtained from spontaneously dead animals

    Very little is known about neonatal skeletal development in small-sized purebred dogs. In order to improve this knowledge, 27 spontaneously dead puppies belonging to small-sized breeds were enrolled in this st...

    S. C. Modina, M.C. Veronesi, M. Moioli, T. Meloni, G. Lodi, V. Bronzo and M. Di Giancamillo

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:175

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  4. Methodology article

    Comparative measurements of bone mineral density and bone contrast values in canine femora using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and conventional digital radiography

    Aseptic loosening due to bone remodelling processes after total hip replacement is one common cause for revision surgery. In human medicine, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the gold standard for qua...

    K. Lucas, I. Nolte, V. Galindo-Zamora, M. Lerch, C. Stukenborg-Colsman, B. A. Behrens, A. Bouguecha, S. Betancur, A. Almohallami and P. Wefstaedt

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:130

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  5. Case Report

    White muscle disease in foals: focus on selenium soil content. A case series

    White muscle disease (WMD) is a nutritional myopathy caused by selenium (Se) deficiency. In most soils, Se is present in low concentrations, sometimes even below 0.2 mg/kg, a trend which is seen in many countr...

    Catherine Delesalle, Marco de Bruijn, Sanne Wilmink, Hilde Vandendriessche, Gerben Mol, Berit Boshuizen, Lukas Plancke and Guy Grinwis

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:121

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  6. Research article

    FOXO1, PXK, PYCARD and SAMD9L are differentially expressed by fibroblast-like cells in equine synovial membrane compared to joint capsule

    The synovial membrane lines the luminal side of the joint capsule in synovial joints. It maintains joint homeostasis and plays a crucial role in equine joint pathology. When trauma or inflammation is induced i...

    Line Nymann Thomsen, Preben Dybdahl Thomsen, Alison Downing, Richard Talbot and Lise Charlotte Berg

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:106

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  7. Research article

    The effect of intra-articular botulinum toxin A on substance P, prostaglandin E2, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the canine osteoarthritic joint

    Recently, intra-articular botulinum toxin A (IA BoNT A) has been shown to reduce joint pain in osteoarthritic dogs. Similar results have been reported in human patients with arthritis. However, the mechanism o...

    Helka M. Heikkilä, Anna K. Hielm-Björkman, John F. Innes and Outi M. Laitinen-Vapaavuori

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:74

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  8. Research article

    The magnitude of muscular activation of four canine forelimb muscles in dogs performing two agility-specific tasks

    The purpose of this study was to measure the muscular activation in four forelimb muscles while dogs performed agility tasks (i.e., jumping and A-frame) and to provide insight into potential relationships betw...

    Kimberley L. Cullen, James P. Dickey, Stephen H. M. Brown, Stephanie G. Nykamp, Leah R. Bent, Jeffrey J. Thomason and Noël M. M. Moens

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:68

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  9. Research article

    A prospective follow up of age related changes in the subchondral bone density of the talus of healthy Labrador Retrievers

    During growth, the skeletal structures adapt to the increased loading conditions and mature to a fully-grown skeleton. Subchondral bone density reflects the effect of long-term joint loading and it is expected...

    W. Dingemanse, M. Müller-Gerbl, I. Jonkers, J. Vander Sloten, H. van Bree and I. Gielen

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:57

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Monitoring training response in young Friesian dressage horses using two different standardised exercise tests (SETs)

    Most Friesian horses reach their anaerobic threshold during a standardized exercise test (SET) which requires lower intensity exercise than daily routine training. Aim: to study strengths and weaknesses of an ...

    Cornelis Marinus de Bruijn, Willem Houterman, Margreet Ploeg, Bart Ducro, Berit Boshuizen, Klaartje Goethals, Elisabeth-Lidwien Verdegaal and Catherine Delesalle

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:49

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  11. Research article

    The method of attachment influences accelerometer-based activity data in dogs

    Accelerometer-based activity monitoring is a promising new tool in veterinary medicine used to objectively assess activity levels in dogs. To date, it is unknown how device orientation, attachment method, and ...

    Kyle W. Martin, Anastasia M. Olsen, Colleen G. Duncan and Felix M. Duerr

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:48

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Pilot evaluation of a novel unilateral onychectomy model and efficacy of an extended release buprenorphine product

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), transdermal fentanyl patches, and transmucosal buprenorphine are probably the most commonly used options for providing post-operative analgesia in the early at-h...

    Masataka Enomoto, Patricia D. Kigin, David Bledsoe, Robyn Slone, Jonathan Hash, Charles E. Smith and B. Duncan X. Lascelles

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:32

    Published on: 24 January 2017

  13. Case Report

    A case of cranium bifidum with meningocele in Ayrshire calf

    Congenital cranial bone defects predispose to herniation of meninges, sometimes with brain tissue involvement, to form a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)–filled cyst in the head. Such defects mainly results from foca...

    Mosiany Letura Kisipan, Caleb Oburu Orenge, David Njogu Gacheru and Raphael Muchangi Ngure

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:20

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Effect of proximal translation of the osteotomized tibial tuberosity during tibial tuberosity advancement on patellar position and patellar ligament angle

    Cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency is a common orthopaedic problem in canine patients. This cadaveric and radiographic study was performed with the aim of determining the effect of proximal translation of...

    Jack D. Neville-Towle, Mariano Makara, Kenneth A. Johnson and Katja Voss

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:18

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  15. Research article

    Radiographic evaluation of early periprosthetic acetabular bone contrast and prosthetic head acetabular coverage after uncemented and cemented total hip prosthesis in dogs

    Coxofemoral osteoarthritis is a chronic, disabling condition affecting people and dogs, with THA providing an excellent return to function in severely affected joints. The principal role of THA is to restore a...

    Ayman A. Mostafa, Karin Lucas, Ingo Nolte and Patrick Wefstaedt

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:271

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  16. Research article

    Normal patellofemoral kinematic patterns during daily activities in dogs

    Patellar abnormalities are a common cause of pain and lameness in dogs; however, in vivo the relative motion between the femur and patella in dogs is not well described. The objective of this study was to defi...

    Erica J. Moore, Stanley E. Kim, Scott A. Banks, Antonio Pozzi, Jason D. Coggeshall and Stephen C. Jones

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:262

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  17. Research article

    Pro-inflammatory cytokines and structural biomarkers are effective to categorize osteoarthritis phenotype and progression in Standardbred racehorses over five years of racing career

    Joint impact injuries initiate a progressive articular damage finally leading to post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). Racehorses represent an ideal, naturally available, animal model of the disease. Standardb...

    Andrea Bertuglia, Eleonora Pagliara, Elena Grego, Alessandro Ricci and Nika Brkljaca-Bottegaro

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:246

    Published on: 8 November 2016

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