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Gastroenterology and nutrition

Section edited by Dr. Hayley Henderson and Tillie Cryer

The gastroenterology and nutrition section encompasses the broader aspects of animal nutrition, including the processes of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients at all biological levels, ranging from the molecular, cellular, tissue and organ level to clinical studies. The section welcomes submissions discussing the provision and ingestion of food vital to development, growth and overall health. As the digestive tract is considered to be one of the most important immune organs and adipose tissue is the biggest endocrine organ, manuscripts that focus on the relationship between immunology and endocrinology are especially welcome. Studies that advance our understanding of the nutritional status of animals and the role of nutrition in the onset of disease are also encouraged. Comparative nutrition and nutritional studies relevant to all domestic and nondomestic species will be considered, including ruminants, equids, companion animals, and laboratory animals. 

This section also encourages submissions describing emerging research areas, such as the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression, nutrigenomics, and the effects of genetic variation on the absorption, metabolism, elimination, and biological outcomes of nutrients. Other specific topics of interest include food, malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, rumen fermentation, restricted feeding, inflammation, metabolic disorders, lifestyle-related illnesses (obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and hypertension), neoplasia, genetic diagnosis, and the development of supplements and drugs in animals.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    High protein diets shift the faecal microbiota into a more unfavourable composition in obese humans. In lean dogs, higher protein consumption is accompanied with increased production of putrefactive fermentati...

    Authors: Jia Xu, Adronie Verbrugghe, Marta Lourenço, An Cools, Daisy J. X. Liu, Tom Van de Wiele, Massimo Marzorati, Venessa Eeckhaut, Filip Van Immerseel, Lynn Vanhaecke, Miguel Campos and Myriam Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:374

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The nature and amount of dietary medicinal plants are known to influence rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in ruminants. Nonetheless, changes in nutrient digestibility and rumen metabolism in respo...

    Authors: Aisha L. Yusuf, Kazeem D. Adeyemi, Anjas A. Samsudin, Yong M. Goh, Abdul Razak Alimon and Awis Q. Sazili

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:349

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  3. Content type: Research article

    With the advent of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens, novel methods to combat infectious diseases are being sought. Among these, probiotics have been proposed as a means of promoting animal health b...

    Authors: Ricardo Nordeste, Akalate Tessema, Sapana Sharma, Zlatko Kovač, Chuan Wang, Rocio Morales and Mansel William Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:335

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Serum gastrin concentration can help diagnose gastrinomas in dogs if >3–10× the upper reference limit (URL), but antisecretory therapy and other conditions can also cause hypergastrinemia. Effects of antisecre...

    Authors: Romy M. Heilmann, Nora Berghoff, Niels Grützner, Nolie K. Parnell, Jan S. Suchodolski and Jörg M. Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:321

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Hydrolyzed diets are used in companion animals for the diagnosis and treatment of adverse food reaction. Similarly, hydrolyzed formulas are used in human infants with severe inflammatory bowel disease or milk ...

    Authors: Aarti Kathrani, Jennifer A. Larsen, Gino Cortopassi, Sandipan Datta and Andrea J. Fascetti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:297

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    Laterality disorders of the abdominal organs include situs inversus totalis that mirrors the arrangements of all internal organs and heterotaxy syndrome (situs ambiguus) in which the thoracic or abdominal orga...

    Authors: Daisuke Kondoh, Tomomi Kawano, Tomoaki Kikuchi, Kaoru Hatate, Kenichi Watanabe, Motoki Sasaki, Norio Yamagishi, Hisashi Inokuma and Nobuo Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:292

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  7. Content type: Methodology article

    Feline fecal microbiota analyses can potentially be impacted by a variety of factors such as sample preparation, sequencing method and bioinformatics analyses. Another potential influence is changes in the mic...

    Authors: Moran Tal, Adronie Verbrugghe, Diego E. Gomez, Charlotte Chau and J. Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:256

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) has been proposed for the treatment of several acute and chronic syndromes, such as corneal epithelial defects and dry ...

    Authors: Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona and Marco Gandini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:188

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The existence of a genetic predisposition to obesity is commonly recognized in humans and rodents. Recently, a link between genetics and overweight was shown in cats. The goal of this study was to identify the...

    Authors: Claudia Keller, Annette Liesegang, Diana Frey and Brigitta Wichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:184

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  10. Content type: Case Report

    The common marmoset has been used as an experimental animal for various purposes. Because its average weight ranges from 250 to 500 g, weight loss quickly becomes critical for sick animals. Therefore, effectiv...

    Authors: Yumiko Yamazaki, Shinpei Kawarai, Hidetoshi Morita, Takefumi Kikusui and Atsushi Iriki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:150

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Diet has a major influence on the composition of the gut microbiota, whose importance for gut health and overall well-being is increasingly recognized. Knowledge is limited regarding health implications, inclu...

    Authors: Kristin M. V. Herstad, Karina Gajardo, Anne Marie Bakke, Lars Moe, Jane Ludvigsen, Knut Rudi, Ida Rud, Monika Sekelja and Ellen Skancke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:147

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the effect of arginine and leucine supplementation, and dietary protein level, were investigated in commercial crossbred pigs to clarify their individual or combined impact on plasma meta...

    Authors: Marta Sofia Morgado dos Santos Madeira, Eva Sofia Alves Rolo, Virgínia Maria Rico Pires, Cristina Maria Riscado Pereira Mateus Alfaia, Diogo Francisco Maurício Coelho, Paula Alexandra Antunes Brás Lopes, Susana Isabel Vargas Martins, Rui Manuel Amaro Pinto and José António Mestre Prates

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:145

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Plasma concentration of retinol is an accepted indicator to assess the vitamin A (retinol) status in cattle. However, the determination of vitamin A requires a time consuming multi-step procedure, which needs ...

    Authors: Jens Raila, Chiho Kawashima, Helga Sauerwein, Nadine Hülsmann, Christoph Knorr, Akio Myamoto and Florian J. Schweigert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:126

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The risks during early growth on becoming overweight in adulthood are widely studied in humans. However, early-life predictive factors for canine adult overweight and obesity have not yet been studied.

    Authors: Lucie Leclerc, Chantal Thorin, John Flanagan, Vincent Biourge, Samuel Serisier and Patrick Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:104

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Dietary intervention studies are required to deeper understand the variability of gut microbial ecosystem in healthy dogs under different feeding conditions and to improve diet formulations. The aim of the stu...

    Authors: Misa Sandri, Simeone Dal Monego, Giuseppe Conte, Sandy Sgorlon and Bruno Stefanon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:65

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Adhesions are a common postoperative surgical complication. Liquid honey has been used intraperitoneally to reduce the incidence of these adhesions. However, solid barriers are considered more effective than l...

    Authors: Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Andrea Audisio, Emanuela Morello, Rosangela Odore and Marco Gandini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:55

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Dogs can suffer from inappetence caused by a variety of medical conditions. This may present as anorexia (complete loss of appetite), hyporexia (decreased appetite) or dysrexia (change in food preferences). A ...

    Authors: Bill Zollers, Linda Rhodes and Ernst Heinen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:10

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Obesity in dogs and cats is usually managed by dietary energy restriction using a purpose-formulated weight loss diet, but signs of hunger and begging commonly occur causing poor owner compliance. Altering die...

    Authors: Marie Anne Hours, Emmanuelle Sagols, Ariane Junien-Castagna, Alexandre Feugier, Delphine Moniot, Ingrid Daniel, Vincent Biourge, Serisier Samuel, Yann Queau and Alexander J. German

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:274

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:36

  19. Content type: Research article

    Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) is widely consumed as a functional food due to its multiple health effects, but few studies about COS supplement on placental antioxidant and nutrition transport capacity were re...

    Authors: Chunyan Xie, Xin Wu, Cimin Long, Qinhua Wang, Zhiyong Fan, Siming Li and Yulong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:243

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A clinical trial was conducted in order to assess the efficacy of rifaximin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic with negligible gastrointestinal absorption, in comparison with metronidazole, a commonly employed antim...

    Authors: Alessandro Menozzi, Manuel Dall’Aglio, Fausto Quintavalla, Luca Dallavalle, Valentina Meucci and Simone Bertini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:217

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The present study was undertaken to gain knowledge on the role of bile components and lecithin on development of aberrations in digestive functions which seemingly have increased in Atlantic salmon in parallel...

    Authors: Trond M. Kortner, Michael H. Penn, Ingemar Bjӧrkhem, Kjell Måsøval and Åshild Krogdahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:190

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  22. Content type: Research article

    As fish eaters bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in human care need to receive daily vitamin supplementation, because whole thawed fish lacks certain vitamins. However, the exact concentration of supplemen...

    Authors: Angela Emilia Ricarda Gimmel, Katrin Baumgartner and Annette Liesegang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:180

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Postbiotics (metabolic products by lactic acid bacteria) and prebiotics have been established as substitute to antibiotics in order to enhance immunity and growth performance in broiler chickens. Nonetheless, ...

    Authors: Karwan Yaseen Kareem, Teck Chwen Loh, Hooi Ling Foo, Henny Akit and Anjas Asmara Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:163

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Grape and blueberry extracts are known to protect against age-related cognitive decline. However, beneficial effects achieved by mixing grape and blueberry extracts have yet to be evaluated in dogs, or their b...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Martineau, Véronique Leray, Anne Lepoudere, Géraldine Blanchard, Julien Bensalem, David Gaudout, Khadija Ouguerram and Patrick Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:162

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Research in cats has shown that increased fermentation-derived propionic acid and its metabolites can be used as alternative substrates for gluconeogenesis, thus sparing amino acids for other purposes. This am...

    Authors: Wendy Wambacq, Galena Rybachuk, Isabelle Jeusette, Kristel Rochus, Brigitte Wuyts, Veerle Fievez, Patrick Nguyen and Myriam Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:130

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a diverse group of chronic gastrointestinal diseases, and gut microbial dysbiosis has been proposed as a modulating factor in its pathogenesis. Several studies have i...

    Authors: Jia Xu, Adronie Verbrugghe, Marta Lourenço, Geert P. J. Janssens, Daisy J. X. Liu, Tom Van de Wiele, Venessa Eeckhaut, Filip Van Immerseel, Isabel Van de Maele, Yufeng Niu, Guido Bosch, Greet Junius, Brigitte Wuyts and Myriam Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:114

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Feeding alfalfa hay is often recommended for its buffering components, like protein and calcium, to prevent lesions of the gastric mucosa in horses. Until now, there has been no information regarding the influ...

    Authors: Sarah Vondran, Monica Venner and Ingrid Vervuert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:110

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The present in vitro study investigated whether the utilization of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) may influence canine fecal microbial population in presence of diets differing in their protein content and diges...

    Authors: Carlo Pinna, Carla Giuditta Vecchiato, Giuliano Zaghini, Monica Grandi, Eleonora Nannoni, Claudio Stefanelli and Giacomo Biagi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:53

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic enteropathy of unknown etiology, although microbiome dysbiosis, genetic susceptibility, and dietary and/or environmental factors are hypothesized to be invo...

    Authors: Sergi Segarra, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Marta Cerdà-Cuéllar, Daniel Martínez-Puig, Alberto Muñoz-Prieto, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco, Antonio Rodríguez-Bertos, Karin Allenspach, Alfonso Velasco and José Cerón

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:49

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Since yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its components are being used for the prevention and treatment of enteric diseases in different species, they may also be useful for preventing Johne’s disease, a chronic ...

    Authors: Ziwei Li, Qiumei You, Faisury Ossa, Philip Mead, Margaret Quinton and Niel A. Karrow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:42

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two feed supplements on rumen bacterial communities of heifers fed a high grain diet. Six Holstein-Friesian heifers received one of the following dietary...

    Authors: Roberta De Nardi, Giorgio Marchesini, Shucong Li, Ehsan Khafipour, Kees J. C. Plaizier, Matteo Gianesella, Rebecca Ricci, Igino Andrighetto and Severino Segato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:29

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  32. Content type: Research article

    A validated method for assessing the visual characteristics of body condition from photographs (vBCS), would be a useful initial screening tool for client-owned dogs.

    Authors: Poppy Gant, Shelley L. Holden, Vincent Biourge and Alexander J. German

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:18

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Inadequate dietary selenium (Se) intake in humans and animals can lead to long term health problems, such as cancer. In view of the owner’s desire for healthy longevity of companion animals, the impact of diet...

    Authors: Mariëlle van Zelst, Myriam Hesta, Kerry Gray, Ruth Staunton, Gijs Du Laing and Geert P. J. Janssens

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:15

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Canine obesity is usually treated with dietary energy restriction, but data are limited regarding nutritional adequacy. The aim of the current study was to compare intake of essential nutrients with National R...

    Authors: Alexander J. German, Shelley L. Holden, Samuel Serisier, Yann Queau and Vincent Biourge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:253

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Relatively few laboratory markers have been evaluated for the detection or monitoring of intestinal inflammation in canine chronic enteropathies, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Previous research f...

    Authors: Mohsen Hanifeh, Romy M. Heilmann, Satu Sankari, Minna M. Rajamäki, Laura Mäkitalo, Pernilla Syrjä, Susanne Kilpinen, Jan S. Suchodolski, Jörg M. Steiner and Thomas Spillmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:234

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