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Gastroenterology and nutrition

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Gut health in poultry depends on the balance between the host, intestinal microbiota, intestinal microscopic features and diet. The effects of insect meal (a promising alternative protein source for poultry fe...

    Authors: Ilaria Biasato, Ilario Ferrocino, Elena Biasibetti, Elena Grego, Sihem Dabbou, Alessandra Sereno, Francesco Gai, Laura Gasco, Achille Schiavone, Luca Cocolin and Maria Teresa Capucchio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:383

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The gastrointestinal tracts of animals are home to large, complex communities of microbes. The compositions of these communities ultimately reflect the coevolution of microorganisms with their animal host and ...

    Authors: Fengping He, Dan Liu, Le Zhang, Jiancheng Zhai, Yue Ma, Yanchun Xu, Guangshun Jiang, Ke Rong and Jianzhang Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:379

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Assuming that part of Methionine (Met) is converted into Cystine (Cys), but ignoring the rates with which such phenomenon occurs may lead to an excessive supply of Met in poultry diets. Such inconvenient could...

    Authors: Letícia G. Pacheco, Nilva K. Sakomura, Rafael M. Suzuki, Juliano C. P. Dorigam, Gabriel S. Viana, Jaap Van Milgen and Juliana C. Denadai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:364

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Many reports describe the cutaneous signs of adverse food reactions (AFR) in the dog and cat. However, various non-cutaneous clinical signs are less well described. Our objective was to systematically evaluate...

    Authors: Ralf S. Mueller and Thierry Olivry

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:341

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lawsonia intracellularis is one of the world’s most important infectious diseases in pork production with regard to economic losses. So far, studies are missing that describe the effects of a natural infection of...

    Authors: Christian Visscher, Jasmin Mischok, Saara Sander, Marion Schmicke, Eva-Ursula Peitzmeier, Isabel von dem Busche, Karl Rohn and Josef Kamphues

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:323

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is characterized by a ruminal pH depression, and microbiota can also be affected by a higher acidity and/or dietary changes. Previous studies have revealed similar patterns in ...

    Authors: Yo-Han Kim, Rie Nagata, Akira Ohkubo, Natsuki Ohtani, Shiro Kushibiki, Toshihiro Ichijo and Shigeru Sato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:310

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In order to ensure sustainability of aquaculture production of carnivourous fish species such as the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata, L.), the impact of the inclusion of alternative protein sources to fishmeal, ...

    Authors: Guillem Estruch, Maria Carmen Collado, Raquel Monge-Ortiz, Ana Tomás-Vidal, Miguel Jover-Cerdá, David S Peñaranda, Gaspar Pérez Martínez and Silvia Martínez-Llorens

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:302

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Adverse food reactions (AFRs) are defined as abnormal responses to an ingested food or food additive. Diagnosis and treatment of AFRs consist of the complete elimination of these ingredients in the dietary tri...

    Authors: Elena Pagani, Maria de los Dolores Soto del Rio, Alessandra Dalmasso, Maria Teresa Bottero, Achille Schiavone and Liviana Prola

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:283

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune respon...

    Authors: A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, A. Q. Sazili, M. F. Jahromi and A. A. Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:249

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Fatness is an unwanted side effect of genetic selection in broiler chickens. In this study, we introduce mountain celery powder as a feed supplement to suppress lipogenesis and improve antioxidant status in br...

    Authors: Behnam Ahmadipour, Hossein Hassanpour and Fariborz Khajali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:234

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal calf diarrhea is generally caused by infectious agents and is a very common disease in bovine practice, leading to substantial economic losses. Tannins are known for their astringent and anti-inflamma...

    Authors: F. Bonelli, L. Turini, G. Sarri, A. Serra, A. Buccioni and M. Mele

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:227

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Protein concentration and quality in cat food can vary considerably, and the impact on feline urine composition and nutrient supply is of high practical relevance. In the present study, 6 canned diets with var...

    Authors: Nadine Paßlack, Barbara Kohn, Marcus G. Doherr and Jürgen Zentek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:225

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Chitosan was used as an alternative to promote the growth of weaned piglets. And low-molecular-weight chitosan (LC) is one of chitosan derivatives and maintain beneficial biological properties of chitoson. The...

    Authors: Shenglan Hu, Yu Wang, Xiaolu Wen, Li Wang, Zongyong Jiang and Chuntian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:215

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Although the European Pet Food Industry Federation (FEDIAF) stated that labels must be accurate and provide detailed information on the ingredients, mislabeling of pet food has been documented by several autho...

    Authors: Rebecca Ricci, Daniele Conficoni, Giada Morelli, Carmen Losasso, Leonardo Alberghini, Valerio Giaccone, Antonia Ricci and Igino Andrighetto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:209

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Diet supplementation with polyphenols is a novel strategy to improve meat quality in livestock, by preventing oxidative deterioration of lipids and protein. Polyphenols have beneficial effects on both human an...

    Authors: Roberta Cimmino, Carmela M. A. Barone, Salvatore Claps, Ettore Varricchio, Domenico Rufrano, Mariangela Caroprese, Marzia Albenzio, Pasquale De Palo, Giuseppe Campanile and Gianluca Neglia

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:181

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is an inducible isoform by cellular activation, proinflammatory cytokines and growth factors. The aims of the current study were to evaluate COX-2 immunoexpression in epithelial and la...

    Authors: Jorge Castro-López, Antonio Ramis, Marta Planellas, Mariana Teles and Josep Pastor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:158

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Coccidiosis is a prevalent problem in chicken production. Dietary addition of coccidiostats and vaccination are two approaches used to suppress coccidia in the practical production. Methionine (Met) is usually...

    Authors: Anqiang Lai, Guozhong Dong, Daijun Song, Tan Yang and Xiaolong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:140

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal mucosal S100A12 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) are inflammatory biomarkers in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, these biomarkers have not been studied in the intestinal mucosa of dog...

    Authors: Mohsen Hanifeh, Satu Sankari, Minna M. Rajamäki, Pernilla Syrjä, Susanne Kilpinen, Jan S. Suchodolski, Romy M. Heilmann, Phillip Guadiano, Jonathan Lidbury, Jörg M. Steiner and Thomas Spillmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:125

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Feeding dogs with diets rich in protein may favor putrefactive fermentations in the hindgut, negatively affecting the animal’s intestinal environment. Conversely, prebiotics may improve the activity of health-...

    Authors: Carlo Pinna, Carla Giuditta Vecchiato, Carmen Bolduan, Monica Grandi, Claudio Stefanelli, Wilhelm Windisch, Giuliano Zaghini and Giacomo Biagi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:106

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The natural incidence of left displacement of abomasum (LDA) in dairy cows was high. The diagnosis of LDA usually relies on characteristic physical exam findings but that transabdominal ultrasound is a useful ...

    Authors: Xin-Wei Li, Qiu-Shi Xu, Ren-He Zhang, Wei Yang, Yu Li, Yu-Ming Zhang, Yu Tian, Min Zhang, Zhe Wang, Guo-wen Liu, Cheng Xia and Xiao-Bing Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosing IBD in horses is challenging and requires a multimodal approach, since no conclusive diagnostic test is available.

    Authors: Berit Boshuizen, Margreet Ploeg, Jeroen Dewulf, Sanne Klooster, Marco de Bruijn, Marie- Thérèse Picavet, Katrien Palmers, Lukas Plancke, Hilde De Cock, Mathijs Theelen and Catherine Delesalle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:21

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Acute ruminal lactic acidosis (ARLA) is a major nutritional and metabolic disorder usually characterized by excessive or non-adapted intake of diets rich in nonstructural carbohydrates. Feed additives that reg...

    Authors: Leonardo Frasson Reis, Rejane Santos Sousa, Francisco Leonardo Costa Oliveira, Frederico Augusto Mazzocca Lopes Rodrigues, Carolina Akiko Sato Cabral Araújo, Enoch Brandão Souza Meira-Júnior, Raimundo Alves Barrêto-Júnior, Clara Satsuki Mori, Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino and Enrico Lippi Ortolani

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:9

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  23. Content type: Research article

    High protein diets shift the faecal microbiota into a more unfavourable composition in obese humans. In lean dogs, higher protein consumption is accompanied with increased production of putrefactive fermentati...

    Authors: Jia Xu, Adronie Verbrugghe, Marta Lourenço, An Cools, Daisy J. X. Liu, Tom Van de Wiele, Massimo Marzorati, Venessa Eeckhaut, Filip Van Immerseel, Lynn Vanhaecke, Miguel Campos and Myriam Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:374

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The nature and amount of dietary medicinal plants are known to influence rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in ruminants. Nonetheless, changes in nutrient digestibility and rumen metabolism in respo...

    Authors: Aisha L. Yusuf, Kazeem D. Adeyemi, Anjas A. Samsudin, Yong M. Goh, Abdul Razak Alimon and Awis Q. Sazili

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:349

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  25. Content type: Research article

    With the advent of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens, novel methods to combat infectious diseases are being sought. Among these, probiotics have been proposed as a means of promoting animal health b...

    Authors: Ricardo Nordeste, Akalate Tessema, Sapana Sharma, Zlatko Kovač, Chuan Wang, Rocio Morales and Mansel William Griffiths

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:335

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Serum gastrin concentration can help diagnose gastrinomas in dogs if >3–10× the upper reference limit (URL), but antisecretory therapy and other conditions can also cause hypergastrinemia. Effects of antisecre...

    Authors: Romy M. Heilmann, Nora Berghoff, Niels Grützner, Nolie K. Parnell, Jan S. Suchodolski and Jörg M. Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:321

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Hydrolyzed diets are used in companion animals for the diagnosis and treatment of adverse food reaction. Similarly, hydrolyzed formulas are used in human infants with severe inflammatory bowel disease or milk ...

    Authors: Aarti Kathrani, Jennifer A. Larsen, Gino Cortopassi, Sandipan Datta and Andrea J. Fascetti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:297

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  28. Content type: Case Report

    Laterality disorders of the abdominal organs include situs inversus totalis that mirrors the arrangements of all internal organs and heterotaxy syndrome (situs ambiguus) in which the thoracic or abdominal orga...

    Authors: Daisuke Kondoh, Tomomi Kawano, Tomoaki Kikuchi, Kaoru Hatate, Kenichi Watanabe, Motoki Sasaki, Norio Yamagishi, Hisashi Inokuma and Nobuo Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:292

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  29. Content type: Methodology article

    Feline fecal microbiota analyses can potentially be impacted by a variety of factors such as sample preparation, sequencing method and bioinformatics analyses. Another potential influence is changes in the mic...

    Authors: Moran Tal, Adronie Verbrugghe, Diego E. Gomez, Charlotte Chau and J. Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:256

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) has been proposed for the treatment of several acute and chronic syndromes, such as corneal epithelial defects and dry ...

    Authors: Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona and Marco Gandini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:188

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The existence of a genetic predisposition to obesity is commonly recognized in humans and rodents. Recently, a link between genetics and overweight was shown in cats. The goal of this study was to identify the...

    Authors: Claudia Keller, Annette Liesegang, Diana Frey and Brigitta Wichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:184

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  32. Content type: Case Report

    The common marmoset has been used as an experimental animal for various purposes. Because its average weight ranges from 250 to 500 g, weight loss quickly becomes critical for sick animals. Therefore, effectiv...

    Authors: Yumiko Yamazaki, Shinpei Kawarai, Hidetoshi Morita, Takefumi Kikusui and Atsushi Iriki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:150

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the effect of arginine and leucine supplementation, and dietary protein level, were investigated in commercial crossbred pigs to clarify their individual or combined impact on plasma meta...

    Authors: Marta Sofia Morgado dos Santos Madeira, Eva Sofia Alves Rolo, Virgínia Maria Rico Pires, Cristina Maria Riscado Pereira Mateus Alfaia, Diogo Francisco Maurício Coelho, Paula Alexandra Antunes Brás Lopes, Susana Isabel Vargas Martins, Rui Manuel Amaro Pinto and José António Mestre Prates

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:145

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Diet has a major influence on the composition of the gut microbiota, whose importance for gut health and overall well-being is increasingly recognized. Knowledge is limited regarding health implications, inclu...

    Authors: Kristin M. V. Herstad, Karina Gajardo, Anne Marie Bakke, Lars Moe, Jane Ludvigsen, Knut Rudi, Ida Rud, Monika Sekelja and Ellen Skancke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:147

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  35. Content type: Methodology article

    Plasma concentration of retinol is an accepted indicator to assess the vitamin A (retinol) status in cattle. However, the determination of vitamin A requires a time consuming multi-step procedure, which needs ...

    Authors: Jens Raila, Chiho Kawashima, Helga Sauerwein, Nadine Hülsmann, Christoph Knorr, Akio Myamoto and Florian J. Schweigert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:126

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The risks during early growth on becoming overweight in adulthood are widely studied in humans. However, early-life predictive factors for canine adult overweight and obesity have not yet been studied.

    Authors: Lucie Leclerc, Chantal Thorin, John Flanagan, Vincent Biourge, Samuel Serisier and Patrick Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:104

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dietary intervention studies are required to deeper understand the variability of gut microbial ecosystem in healthy dogs under different feeding conditions and to improve diet formulations. The aim of the stu...

    Authors: Misa Sandri, Simeone Dal Monego, Giuseppe Conte, Sandy Sgorlon and Bruno Stefanon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:65

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Adhesions are a common postoperative surgical complication. Liquid honey has been used intraperitoneally to reduce the incidence of these adhesions. However, solid barriers are considered more effective than l...

    Authors: Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Andrea Audisio, Emanuela Morello, Rosangela Odore and Marco Gandini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:55

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dogs can suffer from inappetence caused by a variety of medical conditions. This may present as anorexia (complete loss of appetite), hyporexia (decreased appetite) or dysrexia (change in food preferences). A ...

    Authors: Bill Zollers, Linda Rhodes and Ernst Heinen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:10

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Obesity in dogs and cats is usually managed by dietary energy restriction using a purpose-formulated weight loss diet, but signs of hunger and begging commonly occur causing poor owner compliance. Altering die...

    Authors: Marie Anne Hours, Emmanuelle Sagols, Ariane Junien-Castagna, Alexandre Feugier, Delphine Moniot, Ingrid Daniel, Vincent Biourge, Serisier Samuel, Yann Queau and Alexander J. German

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:274

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:36

  41. Content type: Research article

    Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) is widely consumed as a functional food due to its multiple health effects, but few studies about COS supplement on placental antioxidant and nutrition transport capacity were re...

    Authors: Chunyan Xie, Xin Wu, Cimin Long, Qinhua Wang, Zhiyong Fan, Siming Li and Yulong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:243

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A clinical trial was conducted in order to assess the efficacy of rifaximin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic with negligible gastrointestinal absorption, in comparison with metronidazole, a commonly employed antim...

    Authors: Alessandro Menozzi, Manuel Dall’Aglio, Fausto Quintavalla, Luca Dallavalle, Valentina Meucci and Simone Bertini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:217

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The present study was undertaken to gain knowledge on the role of bile components and lecithin on development of aberrations in digestive functions which seemingly have increased in Atlantic salmon in parallel...

    Authors: Trond M. Kortner, Michael H. Penn, Ingemar Bjӧrkhem, Kjell Måsøval and Åshild Krogdahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:190

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  44. Content type: Research article

    As fish eaters bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in human care need to receive daily vitamin supplementation, because whole thawed fish lacks certain vitamins. However, the exact concentration of supplemen...

    Authors: Angela Emilia Ricarda Gimmel, Katrin Baumgartner and Annette Liesegang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:180

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Postbiotics (metabolic products by lactic acid bacteria) and prebiotics have been established as substitute to antibiotics in order to enhance immunity and growth performance in broiler chickens. Nonetheless, ...

    Authors: Karwan Yaseen Kareem, Teck Chwen Loh, Hooi Ling Foo, Henny Akit and Anjas Asmara Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:163

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Grape and blueberry extracts are known to protect against age-related cognitive decline. However, beneficial effects achieved by mixing grape and blueberry extracts have yet to be evaluated in dogs, or their b...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Martineau, Véronique Leray, Anne Lepoudere, Géraldine Blanchard, Julien Bensalem, David Gaudout, Khadija Ouguerram and Patrick Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:162

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Research in cats has shown that increased fermentation-derived propionic acid and its metabolites can be used as alternative substrates for gluconeogenesis, thus sparing amino acids for other purposes. This am...

    Authors: Wendy Wambacq, Galena Rybachuk, Isabelle Jeusette, Kristel Rochus, Brigitte Wuyts, Veerle Fievez, Patrick Nguyen and Myriam Hesta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:130

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