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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Layer chickens are exposed to high risks of production losses and mortality with impact on farm profitability. The harsh tropical climate and severe disease outbreaks, poor biosecurity, sub-minimal vaccination...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Abdullahi Abdullahi Raji, Shuaibu A Madugu, Akinola Waheed Hassan and Folorunso Oludayo Fasina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:214

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2013, a novel H7N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) was isolated from ill humans in Shanghai and Anhui Province, China. Since then, the virus has spread quickly throughout China. Previous isolation of H7N2 virus...

    Authors: Pei Zhou, Malin Hong, Mary M Merrill, Huamei He, Lingshuang Sun and Guihong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:203

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Little is known concerning the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs in Mexico. Here, we investigated antibodies to T. gondii and associated risk factors in 101 dogs from an animal shelter in Veracruz...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Dora Romero-Salas, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Zeferino García-Vázquez, Álvaro Peniche-Cardeña, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, Concepción Ahuja-Aguirre, Adalberto A Pérez-de-León and Jitender P Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:191

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The success of tracing cattle to the herd of origin after the detection and confirmation of bovine tuberculosis (TB) lesions in cattle at slaughter is a critical component of the national bovine TB eradication...

    Authors: Heather M Humphrey, Kathleen A Orloski and Francisco J Olea-Popelka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:182

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has become a worldwide endemic disease of pigs. In 2006, an atypical and more virulent PRRS (HP-PRRS) emerged in China and spread to many countries, includi...

    Authors: Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Catherine Linard, Nutavadee Pamaranon, Sarayuth Kawkalong, Tanom Noimoh, Karoon Chanachai, Tippawon Parakgamawongsa and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:174

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is a public health concern: drugs administered to humans and animals are excreted with urine or faeces and attend the sewage treatment. The main consequences of u...

    Authors: Giorgio Smaldone, Raffaele Marrone, Silvia Cappiello, Giuseppe A Martin, Gaetano Oliva, Maria L Cortesi and Aniello Anastasio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:161

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The epidemiology of New Neonatal Porcine Diarrhoea Syndrome (NNPDS) was studied in four selected herds. A total of 941 new born piglets in 86 litters were evaluated for five consecutive days. NNPDS is a newly ...

    Authors: Hanne Kongsted, Nils Toft and Jens Peter Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:151

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The recent occurrence and spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Eastern Europe is perceived as a serious risk for the pig industry in the European Union (EU). In order to estimate the potential risk of ASF vi...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López, Solenne Costard, Ana de la Torre, Bryony A Jones, Marta Martínez, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, María Jesús Muñoz, Dirk U Pfeiffer, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:145

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) infects a number of flying fox and insectivorous bats species in Australia. Human infection with ABLV is inevitably fatal unless prior vaccination and/or post-exposure treatmen...

    Authors: Emma K Quinn, Peter D Massey, Keren Cox-Witton, Beverley J Paterson, Keith Eastwood and David N Durrheim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:144

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The impact of non-commercial producers on disease spread via livestock movement is related to their level of interaction with other commercial actors within the industry. Although understanding these relations...

    Authors: Thibaud Porphyre, Lisa A Boden, Carla Correia-Gomes, Harriet K Auty, George J Gunn and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:140

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Previous studies investigating long-distance, wind-borne dispersal of Culicoides have utilised outbreaks of clinical disease (passive surveillance) to assess the relationship between incursion and dispersal event...

    Authors: Debbie Eagles, Lorna Melville, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Glenn Bellis, Myron P Zalucki, Peter J Walker and Peter A Durr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:135

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many studies have been conducted to define risk factors for the transmission of bovine paratuberculosis, mostly in countries with large herds. Little is known about the epidemiology in infected Swiss herds and...

    Authors: Rahel Künzler, Paul Torgerson, Selina Keller, Max Wittenbrink, Roger Stephan, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Beat Berchtold and Mireille Meylan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:132

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The south of Chile constitutes the main cattle milk producing area of the country. Regarding leptospirosis control in Chile, there is neither an official program nor an epidemiological characterization of smal...

    Authors: Miguel Salgado, Barbara Otto, Errol Sandoval, German Reinhardt and Sofia Boqvist

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:126

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) are one of the main constraints to ruminant production worldwide. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) has been reported in goats throughout Europe, yet little is known about the AR s...

    Authors: Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Annarita Di Cerbo, Marian Varady and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:114

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Transmission models can aid understanding of disease dynamics and are useful in testing the efficiency of control measures. The aim of this study was to formulate an appropriate stochastic Susceptible-Infectio...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Trevor Bailey, Pavel Brazdil, Lis Alban and João Niza-Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:101

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Porcine proliferative enteropathy caused by Lawsonia intracellularis (L. intracellularis) is a major concern to the pig industry worldwide. Although 8.3 billion pigs are produced each year in China, few reports o...

    Authors: Zongxue Wu, Yong Ling, Deyu Tian, Qing Pan, Peter M H Heegaard and Cheng He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:100

    Content type: Research article

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  17. European and national administrative legislation require objective evaluation systems for organ lesions at pig slaughter. These results can be used as basis for herd health improvement programs by farmers and ...

    Authors: Thorsten Steinmann, Thomas Blaha and Diana Meemken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:98

    Content type: Methodology article

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  18. Bluetongue virus causes febrile disease in sheep and a fatal hemorrhagic infection in North American White-tailed deer. However, in cattle the disease is typically asymptomatic and no clinical overt disease is...

    Authors: Ibrahim A Adam, Mohamed A Abdalla, Mohamed EH Mohamed and Imadeldin E Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:94

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Since 2005, France has been officially free of brucellosis, an infectious disease that causes abortion in cattle and can be transmitted from cattle to humans. Recent animal and human cases have drawn attention...

    Authors: Anne Bronner, Viviane Hénaux, Nicolas Fortané, Pascal Hendrikx and Didier Calavas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The increasing global importance of Rift Valley fever (RVF) is clearly demonstrated by its geographical expansion. The presence of a wide range of host and vector species, and the epidemiological characteristi...

    Authors: Antonello Di Nardo, Davide Rossi, Saleh M Lamin Saleh, Saleh M Lejlifa, Sidumu J Hamdi, Annapia Di Gennaro, Giovanni Savini and Michael V Thrusfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is an acute septicaemic disease of buffalo and cattle caused by Pasteurella multocida B:2 and E:2. Field outbreaks of HS are known to result in localisation of bacteria in the tonsil...

    Authors: Salleh Annas, Mohammad Zamri-Saad, Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse and Zakaria Zunita

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:88

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The spread of PRRSV among pig herds has been investigated experimentally, but few observational studies have investigated this subject. Because PRRSV is endemic and live modified vaccines are used in Ontario, ...

    Authors: Thomas Rosendal, Cate Dewey, Robert Friendship, Sarah Wootton, Beth Young and Zvonimir Poljak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:83

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fasciolosis has been described in sub-Saharan Africa in many accounts, but the latest reports from Chad are from the 1970s. Mobile pastoralists perceive liver parasites as a significant problem and think that ...

    Authors: Vreni Jean-Richard, Lisa Crump, Abbani Alhadj Abicho, Ngandolo Bongo Naré, Helena Greter, Jan Hattendorf, Esther Schelling and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In the past decade, two pathogens transmitted by Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), bluetongue virus and Schmallenberg virus, have caused serious economic losses to the European livestock indust...

    Authors: Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Thomas Balenghien, Simon Carpenter, Els Ducheyne, Armin RW Elbers, Mark Fife, Claire Garros, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Helge Kampen, Richard JM Kormelink, Bertrand Losson, Wim HM van der Poel, Nick De Regge, Piet A van Rijn, Christopher Sanders, Francis Schaffner…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:77

    Content type: Review

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  25. Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity com...

    Authors: Yared Yigezu, Demissew Berihun Haile and Wubeante Yenet Ayen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:76

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Salmonellosis is a major worldwide zoonosis, and Salmonella-infected finishing pigs are considered one of the major sources of human infections in developed countries. Baseline studies on salmonellosis prevalence...

    Authors: Victoria Garrido, Samanta Sánchez, Beatriz San Román, Ana Zabalza-Baranguá, Yasmin Díaz-Tendero, Cristina de Frutos, Raúl-Carlos Mainar-Jaime and María-Jesús Grilló

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:59

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The 2009 pH1N1 influenza pandemic resulted in at least 18,500 deaths worldwide. While pH1N1 is now considered to be in a post-pandemic stage in humans it has nevertheless spilled back into swine in at least 20...

    Authors: Brenda Larison, Kevin Y Njabo, Anthony Chasar, Trevon Fuller, Ryan J Harrigan and Thomas B Smith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:55

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Avian influenza viruses may cause severe disease in a variety of domestic animal species worldwide, with high mortality in chickens and turkeys. To reduce the information gap about prevalence of these viruses ...

    Authors: Halid Kirunda, Bernard Erima, Agnes Tumushabe, Jocelyn Kiconco, Titus Tugume, Sophia Mulei, Derrick Mimbe, Edison Mworozi, Josephine Bwogi, Lukwago Luswa, Hannah Kibuuka, Monica Millard, Achilles Byaruhanga, Mariette F Ducatez, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:50

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Few serological tests are available for detecting antibodies against Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the causal agent of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP). The complement fixation test, the ...

    Authors: Armelle Peyraud, François Poumarat, Florence Tardy, Lucía Manso-Silván, Karomatullo Hamroev, Tillo Tilloev, Mullojon Amirbekov, Karim Tounkara, Charles Bodjo, Hezron Wesonga, Isabel Gacheri Nkando, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Eric Cardinale, Deodass Meenowa, Mahmad Reshad Jaumally…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Sheeppoxvirus (SPPV) is a member of the Capripoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family, which causes significant economic losses in Morocco. The resurgence of the sheeppox disease during 2010 was characterized by a...

    Authors: Khalil Zro, Fathiah Zakham, Marouane Melloul, Elmostafa El Fahime and Moulay Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Efforts to educate producers and veterinarians in the United States regarding the management, prevention and control of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection have increased over recent y...

    Authors: Bikash Bhattarai, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Jason B Osterstock, Seong C Park and Allen J Roussel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:27

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Despite great effort and investment incurred over decades to control bovine tuberculosis (bTB), it is still one of the most important zoonotic diseases in many areas of the world. Test-and-slaughter strategies...

    Authors: Julio Álvarez, Andrés Perez, Sergio Marqués, Javier Bezos, Anna Grau, Maria Luisa de la Cruz, Beatriz Romero, Jose Luis Saez, Maria del Rosario Esquivel, Maria del Carmen Martínez, Olga Mínguez, Lucía de Juan and Lucas Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:14

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Individual enteropathogen infections in healthy and clinically ill cats are well described, but prevalence and patterns of enteropathogen co-infection have only been reported on a limited basis. We studied ent...

    Authors: Jasmin K Paris, Sheila Wills, Hans-Jörg Balzer, Darren J Shaw and Danièlle A Gunn-Moore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Wider adoption of reporting guidelines by veterinary journals could improve the quality of published veterinary research. The aims of this study were to assess the knowledge and views of veterinary Editors-in-...

    Authors: Douglas JC Grindlay, Rachel S Dean, Mary M Christopher and Marnie L Brennan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  35. African swine fever (ASF) is endemic in several countries of Africa and may pose a risk to all pig producing areas on the continent. Official ASF reporting is often rare and there remains limited awareness of ...

    Authors: William A de Glanville, Laurence Vial, Solenne Costard, Barbara Wieland and Dirk U Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Within a feasibility study the use of antibiotics in pigs and cattle was determined in 24 veterinary practices in Lower Saxony and on 66 farms in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. Focus was laid on the compar...

    Authors: Roswitha Merle, Matthias Robanus, Christine Hegger-Gravenhorst, Yvonne Mollenhauer, Peter Hajek, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Walther Honscha and Lothar Kreienbrock

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic debilitating disease and is a cause of morbidity and mortality in livestock, wildlife and humans. This study estimated the prevalence and risk factors associated with bov...

    Authors: Bugwesa Z Katale, Erasto V Mbugi, Esron D Karimuribo, Julius D Keyyu, Sharon Kendall, Gibson S Kibiki, Peter Godfrey-Faussett, Anita L Michel, Rudovick R Kazwala, Paul van Helden and Mecky I Matee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:267

    Content type: Research article

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  38. An outbreak of Salmonella Kentucky followed by a high level of sustained endemic prevalence was recently observed in a US adult dairy herd enrolled in a longitudinal study involving intensive fecal sampling. To u...

    Authors: Zhao Lu, Rebecca M Mitchell, Rebecca L Smith, Jeffrey S Karns, Jo Ann S van Kessel, David R Wolfgang, Ynte H Schukken and Yrjo T Grohn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:245

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The objective of this work was to retrospectively assess records received through the Ontario Swine Veterinary-based Surveillance program July 2007 – July 2009 to describe and assess relationships between repo...

    Authors: Shiona K Glass-Kaastra, David L Pearl, Richard J Reid-Smith, Beverly McEwen, Scott A McEwen, Rocio Amezcua and Robert M Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:238

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The objective of this study was to identify associations between the concentration of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) antibodies in bulk milk and potential risk factors in herd management and he...

    Authors: Casey L Cazer, Rebecca M Mitchell, Kellie M Cicconi-Hogan, Michael Gamroth, Roxann M Richert, Pamela L Ruegg and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:234

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Brucellosis is a major cause of infertility and reproductive failure in livestock. While cattle in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago suffers from reproductive problems information on bovine brucellosis in the...

    Authors: Hanah Muflihanah, Mochammad Hatta, Ente Rood, Pauline Scheelbeek, Theresia H Abdoel and Henk L Smits

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:233

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Abattoir condemnation data show promise as a rich source of data for syndromic surveillance of both animal and zoonotic diseases. However, inherent characteristics of abattoir condemnation data can bias result...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, Bruce McNab and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:231

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bovine brucellosis is an important disease affecting cattle characterised by abortion, still birth, reduced milk production, weak foetus and infertility in both males and females. There is wide distribution of...

    Authors: Mukhtar S Anka, Latiffah Hassan, Azri Adzhar, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Ramlan Bin Mohamad and Mohamed A Zainal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:230

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The red squirrel population in Great Britain has declined dramatically in recent decades, principally due to squirrelpox. Concern exists that red squirrels may become extinct nationally and, as there has been ...

    Authors: Victor R Simpson, Judith Hargreaves, Helen M Butler, Nicholas J Davison and David J Everest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:229

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains difficult to eradicate from low incidence regions partly due to the imperfect sensitivity and specificity of routine intradermal tuberculin testing. Herds with unconfirmed rea...

    Authors: M Carolyn Gates, Victoriya V Volkova and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:225

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Trypanosomosis, via causing anaemia, emaciation, production loss and death, is arguably the most important constraint to livestock development in Sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia and its impact in Bar...

    Authors: Zewdu Seyoum, Getachew Terefe and Hagos Ashenafi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:214

    Content type: Research article

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