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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Prof. Laura Rinaldi and Prof. Michael Tildesley 

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Infectious livestock diseases remain a major threat to attaining food security and are a source of economic and livelihood losses for people dependent on livestock for their livelihood. Knowledge of the vital ...

    Authors: Samuel M Thumbi, Mark BMdec Bronsvoort, Henry Kiara, PG Toye, Jane Poole, Mary Ndila, Ilana Conradie, Amy Jennings, Ian G Handel, JAW Coetzer, Johan Steyl, Olivier Hanotte and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:175

    Content type: Research article

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  2. There is a widely recognised lack of baseline epidemiological data on the dynamics and impacts of infectious cattle diseases in east Africa. The Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project is...

    Authors: Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Samuel Mwangi Thumbi, Elizabeth Jane Poole, Henry Kiara, Olga Tosas Auguet, Ian Graham Handel, Amy Jennings, Ilana Conradie, Mary Ndila Mbole-Kariuki, Philip G Toye, Olivier Hanotte, JAW Coetzer and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:171

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of feeding a commercial lacteal-derived colostrum replacer (CR) or pooled maternal colostrum (MC) on preweaning morbidity, growth a...

    Authors: Sharif S Aly, Patrick Pithua, John D Champagne and Deborah M Haines

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:168

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In 2006, bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) was detected for the first time in central Europe. Measures to control the infection in livestock were implemented in Switzerland but the question was raised whethe...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Valérie Chaignat, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Adam O Michel, Barbara Thür and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:166

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A growing body of work shows the benefits of applying social cognitive behavioural theory to investigate infection control and biosecurity practices. Protection motivation theory has been used to predict prote...

    Authors: Kathrin Schemann, Simon M Firestone, Melanie R Taylor, Jenny-Ann LML Toribio, Michael P Ward and Navneet K Dhand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:152

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In 2010, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) occurred for the first time in a decade in Japan. Movement or shipment of people and animals around infected farms was restricted; however these contingency measures prove...

    Authors: Norihiko Muroga, Sota Kobayashi, Takeshi Nishida, Yoko Hayama, Takaaki Kawano, Takehisa Yamamoto and Toshiyuki Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:150

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Canine GM1 gangliosidosis is a fatal disease in the Shiba Inu breed, which is one of the most popular traditional breeds in Japan and is maintained as a standard breed in many countries. Therefore, it is impor...

    Authors: Mohammad M Uddin, Sayaka Arata, Yukari Takeuchi, Hye-Sook Chang, Keijiro Mizukami, Akira Yabuki, Mohammad M Rahman, Moeko Kohyama, Mohammad A Hossain, Kenji Takayama and Osamu Yamato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:132

    Content type: Research article

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  8. There are a number of different methods that can be used when estimating the size of the owned cat and dog population in a region, leading to varying population estimates. The aim of this study was to conduct ...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Rachel S Dean, Jenny H Stavisky, Vicki J Adams, Douglas JC Grindlay and Marnie L Brennan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:121

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Toxoplasmosis is a globally distributed zoonosis. Consumption of raw or undercooked meat, which is among the main risk factors for acquiring human infection, is a popular tradition in Ethiopia. However, studie...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Abebe Agonafir, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema, Getachew Tilahun, Girmay Medhin, Maria Vitale, Vincenzo Di Marco, Eric Cox, Jozef Vercruysse and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Bibliographic data can be used to map the research quality and productivity of a discipline. We hypothesized that bibliographic data would identify geographic differences in research capacity, species speciali...

    Authors: Mary M Christopher and Ana Marusic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:115

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Chlamydiaceae is a family of obligate intracellular pathogens with a worldwide distribution in many animal species, including humans. No information exists on the prevalence of Chlamydia felis infections in cats ...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Si-Yang Huang, Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:104

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The slaughterhouse is a central processing point for food animals and thus a source of both demographic data (age, breed, sex) and health-related data (reason for condemnation and condemned portions) that are ...

    Authors: Céline Dupuy, Eric Morignat, Xavier Maugey, Jean-Luc Vinard, Pascal Hendrikx, Christian Ducrot, Didier Calavas and Emilie Gay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:88

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Little is known on the effects of common calf diseases on mortality and carcass traits in the white veal industry (special-fed veal), a highly integrated production system, currently criticized for the intensi...

    Authors: Bart Pardon, Miel Hostens, Luc Duchateau, Jeroen Dewulf, Koen De Bleecker and Piet Deprez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:79

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The limited use of biosecurity practices by many in the farming community is likely to be due to a range of factors; further understanding of this issue is required. In this study, attitudes and behaviours of ...

    Authors: Marnie L Brennan and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:71

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Heifers can calve down with intramammary infections (IMI) and udder damage. This will have a negative impact on their longevity, future milk yield and financial return. Co-housed pre-weaned calves that are fed...

    Authors: Inge-Marié Petzer, Joanne Karzis, Maia Lesosky, Johanna C Watermeyer and Renette Badenhorst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without la...

    Authors: Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A Cook and Eric M Fèvre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infect...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Isabelle Lebert, Isabelle Chao, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Christian Ducrot, David Abrial, Jean-François Ravier and Jacques Guillot

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Treatment of subclinical mastitis during lactation can have both direct (individual animal level) and indirect (population level) effects. With a few exceptions, prior research has focused on evaluating the di...

    Authors: John W Barlow, Ruth N Zadoks and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Serum samples from 630 milk sheep, in 33 dairy flocks representative of the southern area of the Tuscany region, were tested for the presence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii using an indirect immunofluorescenc...

    Authors: Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Antonio Ciampelli, Paola Sechi, Fabrizia Veronesi, Iolanda Moretta, Valentina Cambiotti and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Dogslife is the first large-scale internet-based longitudinal study of canine health. The study has been designed to examine how environmental and genetic factors influence the health and development of a birt...

    Authors: Dylan N Clements, Ian G Handel, Erica Rose, Damon Querry, Carys A Pugh, William ER Ollier, Kenton L Morgan, Lorna J Kennedy, Jeffery Sampson, Kim M Summers and B Mark C de Bronsvoort

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Although feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) have similar risk factors and control measures, infection rates have been speculated to vary in geographic distribution over North ...

    Authors: Bimal K Chhetri, Olaf Berke, David L Pearl and Dorothee Bienzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Taenia solium is an important zoonosis in many developing countries. Cysticercosis poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to the pig production industry. Due to scarcity of data on the ep...

    Authors: Eric E Eshitera, Samuel M Githigia, Philip Kitala, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Fèvre, Leslie JS Harrison, Evalyn W Mwihia, Richard O Otieno, Fred Ojiambo and Ndichu Maingi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:234

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Piglet isosporosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases in modern pig production. To prevent clinical disease, prophylactic treatment of piglets with toltrazuril (BAYCOX® 5%, Bayer HealthCare, Animal H...

    Authors: Vasilis Skampardonis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Polychronis Kostoulas and Leonidas Leontides

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:228

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The EU Regulation No 2160/2003 imposes a reduction in the prevalence of Salmonella in pigs. The efficiency of control programmes for Salmonella in pigs, reported among the EU Member States, varies and definitive ...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Denisa Mendonça, Madalena Vieira-Pinto and João Niza-Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:226

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is of major concern to the swine industry; infection with the virus can lead to production losses, morbidity, and mortality within swine operations. Biosecu...

    Authors: Kate Bottoms, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, Rob Deardon, Derald Holtkamp and Robert Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:217

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Animal disease monitoring and surveillance are crucial for ensuring the health of animals, humans and the environment. Many studies have investigated the utility of monitoring syndromes associated with data fr...

    Authors: Terri L O’Sullivan, Robert M Friendship, David L Pearl, Beverly McEwen and Catherine E Dewey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:192

    Content type: Research article

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  28. This study aimed to identify risk factors for active porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection at farm level and to assess the probability of an infected farm being detected through...

    Authors: Martina Velasova, Pablo Alarcon, Susanna Williamson and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:184

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis ...

    Authors: Paul F Smith, Elizabeth W Howerth, Deborah Carter, Elmer W Gray, Raymond Noblet, Roy D Berghaus, David E Stallknecht and Daniel G Mead

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:183

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Outbreaks of pancreas disease (PD) greatly contribute to economic losses due to high mortality, control measures, interrupted production cycles, reduced feed conversion and flesh quality in the aquaculture ind...

    Authors: Saraya Tavornpanich, Mathilde Paul, Hildegunn Viljugrein, David Abrial, Daniel Jimenez and Edgar Brun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:172

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Contagious Agalactia (CA) is one of the major animal health problems in small ruminants because of its economic significance. Currently, four Mycoplasma spp. have been associated with this syndrome: M. agalactiae

    Authors: Jaime Ariza-Miguel, David Rodríguez-Lázaro and Marta Hernández

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:171

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is primarily a disease of ruminants, particularly cattle (Bos primigenius) and buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and is endemic in most developing countries. To dat...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Tone B Johansen, Edvardsen Vigdis, Jacques Godfroid, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Demelash Biffa, Eystein Skjerve and Berit Djønne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:168

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The population of dogs and cats passing through rescue shelters may be subject to compromised welfare and increased susceptibility to disease. Little information exists to describe this population, its dynamic...

    Authors: Jenny Stavisky, Marnie L Brennan, Martin Downes and Rachel Dean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:163

    Content type: Research article

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  34. A common approach to the application of epidemiological models is to determine a single (point estimate) parameterisation using the information available in the literature. However, in many cases there is cons...

    Authors: Ross S Davidson, Iain J McKendrick, Joanna C Wood, Glenn Marion, Alistair Greig, Karen Stevenson, Michael Sharp and Michael R Hutchings

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:159

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is poor understanding of most aspects of Clostridium perfringens type A as a possible cause of neonatal diarrhea in piglets, and the prevalence and types of C. perfringens present on Ontario swine farms is ...

    Authors: Gloria Chan, Abdolvahab Farzan, Glenn Soltes, Vivian M Nicholson, Yanlong Pei, Robert Friendship and John F Prescott

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:156

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The uncontrolled presence of African swine fever (ASF) in Russian Federation (RF) poses a serious risk to the whole European Union (EU) pig industry. Although trade of pigs and their products is banned since t...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:149

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis. Although eradication is a priority for the European authorities, bTB remains active or even increasing in many count...

    Authors: Víctor Rodríguez-Prieto, Beatriz Martínez-López, José Ángel Barasona, Pelayo Acevedo, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Christian Gortázar, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Joaquín Vicente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:148

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in cattle under various management systems in Adamawa, Kaduna and Kano states, northern Nigeria. Using multi-stage sampling, serum samples of...

    Authors: Hassan M Mai, Peter C Irons, Junaidu Kabir and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:144

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Sub-clinical mastitis limits milk production and represents an important barrier to profitable livestock economics worldwide. Milk production from cows in Nigeria is not at optimum levels in view of many facto...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Jamilu Abdullahi, Aliyu Jibril, Aminu A Mohammed and Folorunso O Fasina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:134

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116

    Content type: Research article

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  42. One of the main aims of forensic investigation is the detection and location of people and substances of interest, such as missing people and illegal drugs. Dogs (Canis lupus var. familiaris) have had an importan...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Roberto Permunian, Francis Gakuya, Matthew Mutinda, Ramón C Soriguer and Luca Rossi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:110

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The use of electronic training devices for dog training is controversial. The aims of this study were to give an indication of the extent to which dog owners use these devices in England, identify factors asso...

    Authors: Emily J Blackwell, Christine Bolster, Gemma Richards, Bethany A Loftus and Rachel A Casey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:93

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The persistence of bovine TB (bTB) in various countries throughout the world is enhanced by the existence of wildlife hosts for the infection. In Britain and Ireland, the principal wildlife host for bTB is the...

    Authors: Joanne L Hardstaff, Mark T Bulling, Glenn Marion, Michael R Hutchings and Piran C L White

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:92

    Content type: Research article

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