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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley 

This section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of diseases that are of key importance to the animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are encouraged. 

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic debilitating disease and is a cause of morbidity and mortality in livestock, wildlife and humans. This study estimated the prevalence and risk factors associated with bov...

    Authors: Bugwesa Z Katale, Erasto V Mbugi, Esron D Karimuribo, Julius D Keyyu, Sharon Kendall, Gibson S Kibiki, Peter Godfrey-Faussett, Anita L Michel, Rudovick R Kazwala, Paul van Helden and Mecky I Matee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:267

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  2. Content type: Research article

    An outbreak of Salmonella Kentucky followed by a high level of sustained endemic prevalence was recently observed in a US adult dairy herd enrolled in a longitudinal study involving intensive fecal sampling. To u...

    Authors: Zhao Lu, Rebecca M Mitchell, Rebecca L Smith, Jeffrey S Karns, Jo Ann S van Kessel, David R Wolfgang, Ynte H Schukken and Yrjo T Grohn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:245

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this work was to retrospectively assess records received through the Ontario Swine Veterinary-based Surveillance program July 2007 – July 2009 to describe and assess relationships between repo...

    Authors: Shiona K Glass-Kaastra, David L Pearl, Richard J Reid-Smith, Beverly McEwen, Scott A McEwen, Rocio Amezcua and Robert M Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:238

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to identify associations between the concentration of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) antibodies in bulk milk and potential risk factors in herd management and he...

    Authors: Casey L Cazer, Rebecca M Mitchell, Kellie M Cicconi-Hogan, Michael Gamroth, Roxann M Richert, Pamela L Ruegg and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:234

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a major cause of infertility and reproductive failure in livestock. While cattle in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago suffers from reproductive problems information on bovine brucellosis in the...

    Authors: Hanah Muflihanah, Mochammad Hatta, Ente Rood, Pauline Scheelbeek, Theresia H Abdoel and Henk L Smits

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:233

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Abattoir condemnation data show promise as a rich source of data for syndromic surveillance of both animal and zoonotic diseases. However, inherent characteristics of abattoir condemnation data can bias result...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, Bruce McNab and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:231

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bovine brucellosis is an important disease affecting cattle characterised by abortion, still birth, reduced milk production, weak foetus and infertility in both males and females. There is wide distribution of...

    Authors: Mukhtar S Anka, Latiffah Hassan, Azri Adzhar, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Ramlan Bin Mohamad and Mohamed A Zainal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:230

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The red squirrel population in Great Britain has declined dramatically in recent decades, principally due to squirrelpox. Concern exists that red squirrels may become extinct nationally and, as there has been ...

    Authors: Victor R Simpson, Judith Hargreaves, Helen M Butler, Nicholas J Davison and David J Everest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:229

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains difficult to eradicate from low incidence regions partly due to the imperfect sensitivity and specificity of routine intradermal tuberculin testing. Herds with unconfirmed rea...

    Authors: M Carolyn Gates, Victoriya V Volkova and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:225

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Trypanosomosis, via causing anaemia, emaciation, production loss and death, is arguably the most important constraint to livestock development in Sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia and its impact in Bar...

    Authors: Zewdu Seyoum, Getachew Terefe and Hagos Ashenafi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:214

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Prophylactic measures are key components of dairy herd mastitis control programs, but some are only relevant in specific housing systems. To assess the association between management practices and mastitis inc...

    Authors: Paz F Gordon, Bart HP van den Borne, Martin Reist, Samuel Kohler and Marcus G Doherr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:200

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  12. Content type: Methodology article

    When modelling infectious diseases, accurately capturing the pattern of dissemination through space is key to providing optimal recommendations for control. Mathematical models of disease spread in livestock, ...

    Authors: Jessica S Flood, Thibaud Porphyre, Michael J Tildesley and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:198

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Ducks are the natural reservoir of influenza A virus and the central host for highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1), while domestic ducks rearing in semi-scavenging system could serve as re-assortment vesse...

    Authors: Amina Khatun, Mohammed Giasuddin, Kazi Mehetazul Islam, Sazeda Khanom, Mohammed Abdus Samad, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Monira Noor, Jamal Uddin Bhuiyan, Won-Il Kim, Seong Kug Eo and Md Masudur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:196

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Abdominal segment deformity disease (ASDD) of cultivated whiteleg shrimp Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei causes economic loss of approximately 10% in affected specimens because of the unsightliness of distorted ab...

    Authors: Waraporn Sakaew, Benjamart Pratoomthai, Pattira Pongtippatee, Timothy W Flegel and Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:189

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Contingency planning for potential equine infectious disease outbreaks relies on accurate information on horse location and movements to estimate the risk of dissemination of disease(s). An online questionnair...

    Authors: Lisa A Boden, Tim DH Parkin, Julia Yates, Dominic Mellor and Rowland R Kao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:188

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In addition to livestock movements, other between-farm contacts such as visitors may contribute to the spread of contagious animal diseases. Knowledge about such contacts is essential for contingency planning....

    Authors: Maria Nöremark, Jenny Frössling and Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:184

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Infectious livestock diseases remain a major threat to attaining food security and are a source of economic and livelihood losses for people dependent on livestock for their livelihood. Knowledge of the vital ...

    Authors: Samuel M Thumbi, Mark BMdec Bronsvoort, Henry Kiara, PG Toye, Jane Poole, Mary Ndila, Ilana Conradie, Amy Jennings, Ian G Handel, JAW Coetzer, Johan Steyl, Olivier Hanotte and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:175

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In 1985, a bat researcher in Finland died of rabies encephalitis caused by European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2), but an epidemiological study in 1986 did not reveal EBLV-infected bats. In 2009, an EBLV-2-po...

    Authors: Tiina Nokireki, Anita Huovilainen, Thomas Lilley, Eeva-Maria Kyheröinen, Christine Ek-Kommonen, Liisa Sihvonen and Miia Jakava-Viljanen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:174

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  19. Content type: Research article

    There is a widely recognised lack of baseline epidemiological data on the dynamics and impacts of infectious cattle diseases in east Africa. The Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project is...

    Authors: Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Samuel Mwangi Thumbi, Elizabeth Jane Poole, Henry Kiara, Olga Tosas Auguet, Ian Graham Handel, Amy Jennings, Ilana Conradie, Mary Ndila Mbole-Kariuki, Philip G Toye, Olivier Hanotte, JAW Coetzer and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:171

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of feeding a commercial lacteal-derived colostrum replacer (CR) or pooled maternal colostrum (MC) on preweaning morbidity, growth a...

    Authors: Sharif S Aly, Patrick Pithua, John D Champagne and Deborah M Haines

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:168

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In 2006, bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) was detected for the first time in central Europe. Measures to control the infection in livestock were implemented in Switzerland but the question was raised whethe...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Valérie Chaignat, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Adam O Michel, Barbara Thür and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:166

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A growing body of work shows the benefits of applying social cognitive behavioural theory to investigate infection control and biosecurity practices. Protection motivation theory has been used to predict prote...

    Authors: Kathrin Schemann, Simon M Firestone, Melanie R Taylor, Jenny-Ann LML Toribio, Michael P Ward and Navneet K Dhand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:152

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) occurred for the first time in a decade in Japan. Movement or shipment of people and animals around infected farms was restricted; however these contingency measures prove...

    Authors: Norihiko Muroga, Sota Kobayashi, Takeshi Nishida, Yoko Hayama, Takaaki Kawano, Takehisa Yamamoto and Toshiyuki Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:150

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Canine GM1 gangliosidosis is a fatal disease in the Shiba Inu breed, which is one of the most popular traditional breeds in Japan and is maintained as a standard breed in many countries. Therefore, it is impor...

    Authors: Mohammad M Uddin, Sayaka Arata, Yukari Takeuchi, Hye-Sook Chang, Keijiro Mizukami, Akira Yabuki, Mohammad M Rahman, Moeko Kohyama, Mohammad A Hossain, Kenji Takayama and Osamu Yamato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:132

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  25. Content type: Research article

    There are a number of different methods that can be used when estimating the size of the owned cat and dog population in a region, leading to varying population estimates. The aim of this study was to conduct ...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Rachel S Dean, Jenny H Stavisky, Vicki J Adams, Douglas JC Grindlay and Marnie L Brennan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:121

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a globally distributed zoonosis. Consumption of raw or undercooked meat, which is among the main risk factors for acquiring human infection, is a popular tradition in Ethiopia. However, studie...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Abebe Agonafir, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema, Getachew Tilahun, Girmay Medhin, Maria Vitale, Vincenzo Di Marco, Eric Cox, Jozef Vercruysse and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:117

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Bibliographic data can be used to map the research quality and productivity of a discipline. We hypothesized that bibliographic data would identify geographic differences in research capacity, species speciali...

    Authors: Mary M Christopher and Ana Marusic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:115

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydiaceae is a family of obligate intracellular pathogens with a worldwide distribution in many animal species, including humans. No information exists on the prevalence of Chlamydia felis infections in cats ...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Si-Yang Huang, Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:104

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The slaughterhouse is a central processing point for food animals and thus a source of both demographic data (age, breed, sex) and health-related data (reason for condemnation and condemned portions) that are ...

    Authors: Céline Dupuy, Eric Morignat, Xavier Maugey, Jean-Luc Vinard, Pascal Hendrikx, Christian Ducrot, Didier Calavas and Emilie Gay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:88

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Little is known on the effects of common calf diseases on mortality and carcass traits in the white veal industry (special-fed veal), a highly integrated production system, currently criticized for the intensi...

    Authors: Bart Pardon, Miel Hostens, Luc Duchateau, Jeroen Dewulf, Koen De Bleecker and Piet Deprez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:79

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The limited use of biosecurity practices by many in the farming community is likely to be due to a range of factors; further understanding of this issue is required. In this study, attitudes and behaviours of ...

    Authors: Marnie L Brennan and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:71

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Heifers can calve down with intramammary infections (IMI) and udder damage. This will have a negative impact on their longevity, future milk yield and financial return. Co-housed pre-weaned calves that are fed...

    Authors: Inge-Marié Petzer, Joanne Karzis, Maia Lesosky, Johanna C Watermeyer and Renette Badenhorst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:49

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without la...

    Authors: Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A Cook and Eric M Fèvre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:46

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infect...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Isabelle Lebert, Isabelle Chao, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Christian Ducrot, David Abrial, Jean-François Ravier and Jacques Guillot

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:41

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of subclinical mastitis during lactation can have both direct (individual animal level) and indirect (population level) effects. With a few exceptions, prior research has focused on evaluating the di...

    Authors: John W Barlow, Ruth N Zadoks and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:28

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Serum samples from 630 milk sheep, in 33 dairy flocks representative of the southern area of the Tuscany region, were tested for the presence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii using an indirect immunofluorescenc...

    Authors: Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Antonio Ciampelli, Paola Sechi, Fabrizia Veronesi, Iolanda Moretta, Valentina Cambiotti and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:25

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dogslife is the first large-scale internet-based longitudinal study of canine health. The study has been designed to examine how environmental and genetic factors influence the health and development of a birt...

    Authors: Dylan N Clements, Ian G Handel, Erica Rose, Damon Querry, Carys A Pugh, William ER Ollier, Kenton L Morgan, Lorna J Kennedy, Jeffery Sampson, Kim M Summers and B Mark C de Bronsvoort

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:13

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) have similar risk factors and control measures, infection rates have been speculated to vary in geographic distribution over North ...

    Authors: Bimal K Chhetri, Olaf Berke, David L Pearl and Dorothee Bienzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:2

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Taenia solium is an important zoonosis in many developing countries. Cysticercosis poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to the pig production industry. Due to scarcity of data on the ep...

    Authors: Eric E Eshitera, Samuel M Githigia, Philip Kitala, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Fèvre, Leslie JS Harrison, Evalyn W Mwihia, Richard O Otieno, Fred Ojiambo and Ndichu Maingi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:234

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Piglet isosporosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases in modern pig production. To prevent clinical disease, prophylactic treatment of piglets with toltrazuril (BAYCOX® 5%, Bayer HealthCare, Animal H...

    Authors: Vasilis Skampardonis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Polychronis Kostoulas and Leonidas Leontides

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:228

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The EU Regulation No 2160/2003 imposes a reduction in the prevalence of Salmonella in pigs. The efficiency of control programmes for Salmonella in pigs, reported among the EU Member States, varies and definitive ...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Denisa Mendonça, Madalena Vieira-Pinto and João Niza-Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:226

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is of major concern to the swine industry; infection with the virus can lead to production losses, morbidity, and mortality within swine operations. Biosecu...

    Authors: Kate Bottoms, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, Rob Deardon, Derald Holtkamp and Robert Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:217

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Animal disease monitoring and surveillance are crucial for ensuring the health of animals, humans and the environment. Many studies have investigated the utility of monitoring syndromes associated with data fr...

    Authors: Terri L O’Sullivan, Robert M Friendship, David L Pearl, Beverly McEwen and Catherine E Dewey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:192

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  45. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify risk factors for active porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection at farm level and to assess the probability of an infected farm being detected through...

    Authors: Martina Velasova, Pablo Alarcon, Susanna Williamson and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:184

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis ...

    Authors: Paul F Smith, Elizabeth W Howerth, Deborah Carter, Elmer W Gray, Raymond Noblet, Roy D Berghaus, David E Stallknecht and Daniel G Mead

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:183

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Contagious Agalactia (CA) is one of the major animal health problems in small ruminants because of its economic significance. Currently, four Mycoplasma spp. have been associated with this syndrome: M. agalactiae

    Authors: Jaime Ariza-Miguel, David Rodríguez-Lázaro and Marta Hernández

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:171

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