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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Surveillance measures can only be effective if key players in the system accept them. Acceptability, which describes the willingness of persons to contribute, is often analyzed using participatory methods. Par...

    Authors: Katja Schulz, Clémentine Calba, Marisa Peyre, Christoph Staubach and Franz J. Conraths

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:187

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) in farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) is challenging and might require combining cellular and humoral diagnostic tests. Repeated skin-testing with mycobacterial purified protein derivat...

    Authors: Azlan Che-Amat, Maria Ángeles Risalde, David González-Barrio, Jose Antonio Ortíz and Christian Gortázar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:184

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This paper examines the use of Bulk Milk antibody (BM Ab), Youngstock (YS) serology (Check Tests) and Bulk Milk PCR (BM PCR) for determining the presence or absence of animals persistently infected (PI) with B...

    Authors: Richard E. Booth and Joe Brownlie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:177

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a contagious, fatal prion disease affecting cervids in a growing number of regions across North America. Projected deer population declines and concern about potential spread o...

    Authors: F. D. Uehlinger, A. C. Johnston, T. K. Bollinger and C. L. Waldner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:173

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a contagious, debilitating human and animal disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis, a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The study objective were to estimate the frequen...

    Authors: Mamadou Diallo, Bassirou Diarra, Moumine Sanogo, Antieme C. G. Togo, Anou M. Somboro, Mariam H. Diallo, Bréhima Traoré, Mamoudou Maiga, Younoussa Koné, Karim Tounkara, Yeya dit Sadio Sarro, Bocar Baya, Drissa Goita, Hamadoun Kassambara, Bindongo P. P. Dembélé, Sophia Siddiqui…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:145

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The temporal sensitivity of the surveillance system (TemSSe) for Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) in Danish dairy herds was evaluated. Currently, the Danish antibody blocking ELISA is used to test quarterly bulk ta...

    Authors: Alessandro Foddai, Anders Stockmarr and Anette Boklund

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:118

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Lameness represents the third most important health-related cause of economic loss in the dairy industry after fertility and mastitis. Although, dairy Mediterranean Buffaloes (MB) and dairy cows share similar ...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Christian Carcasole, Maher Alsaaod, Luigi D’Andrea, Antonio Di Loria, Angela De Rosa, Paolo Ciaramella and Adrian Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:107

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Within the last few decades Culicoides spp. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) emerged Europe-wide as a major vector for epizootic viral diseases e.g. caused by Bluetongue (BT) or Schmallenberg virus. In accordance with ...

    Authors: Katharina Brugger, Josef Köfer and Franz Rubel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:88

    Content type: Research Article

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  9. The prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in dairy cattle in the three major milk producing regions of Eritrea was assessed by subjecting 15,354 dairy cattle, 50 % of Eritrea’s dairy cattle population, to th...

    Authors: Michael K. Ghebremariam, V. P. M. G Rutten, J. C. M. Vernooij, K. Uqbazghi, T. Tesfaalem, T. Butsuamlak, A. M. Idris, M. Nielen and A. L. Michel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:80

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hantavirus is a tripartite negative-sense RNA virus. It can infect humans through contaminated rodent excreta and causes two types of fatal human diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hant...

    Authors: Suya Cao, Jian Ma, Cheng Cheng, Wendong Ju and Yulong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:69

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) is a febrile disease of cattle that is transmitted by arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes and Culicoides biting midges. An outbreak of BEF recently occurred in Ishigaki Island and su...

    Authors: Yoko Hayama, Sachiko Moriguchi, Tohru Yanase, Moemi Suzuki, Tsuyoshi Niwa, Kazufumi Ikemiyagi, Yoshiki Nitta, Takehisa Yamamoto, Sota Kobayashi, Kiyokazu Murai and Toshiyuki Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:47

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) has been associated with reductions in milk production in dairy cows and sub optimal fertility. The aim of this study was to highlight the prod...

    Authors: A. E. Kennedy, N. Byrne, A. B. Garcia, J. O’Mahony and R. G. Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:43

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Individual animal-level reporting of cattle movements between agricultural holdings is in place in Scotland, and the resulting detailed movement data are used to inform epidemiological models and intervention....

    Authors: Jessica Enright and Rowland R Kao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:37

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis in mammals, which has a broad geographical distribution and a high degree of clinical diversity. Currently, ...

    Authors: Jifei Yang, Zhijie Liu, Qingli Niu, Junlong Liu, Jingying Xie, Qiuyu Chen, Ze Chen, Guiquan Guan, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:35

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The present study aimed to direct detect Mycobacterium bovis in milk (n = 401) and blood (n = 401) samples collected from 401 dairy cows of 20 properties located in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, by real-time q...

    Authors: Renata Duarte da Silva Cezar, Norma Lucena-Silva, Antônio Fernando Barbosa Batista Filho, Jonas de Melo Borges, Pollyane Raysa Fernandes de Oliveira, Érica Chaves Lúcio, Maíra Arruda-Lima, Vania Lucia de Assis Santana and José Wilton Pinheiro Junior

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:31

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The DOGRISK questionnaire is an internet-based ongoing study of canine nutrition, living environment, and disease. Here we aim to assess the performance of the questionnaire using data from the first three yea...

    Authors: Johanna Roine, Liisa Uusitalo and Anna Hielm-Björkman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:30

    Content type: Methodology article

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  17. Euthanasia of pets has been described by veterinarians as “the best and the worst” of the profession. The most commonly mentioned ethical dilemmas veterinarians face in small animal practice are: limited treat...

    Authors: Sonja Hartnack, Svenja Springer, Marta Pittavino and Herwig Grimm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:26

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cryptosporidiosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium spp. that can affect domestic animal and human populations. In newborn ruminants, cryptosporidiosis is characterized by out...

    Authors: Dora Romero-Salas, Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Mariel Aguilar-Domínguez, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, José O. Merino-Charrez, Adalberto A. Pérez de León and Jesús Hernández-Tinoco

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:14

    Content type: Research article

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  19. African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most complex viral diseases affecting both domestic and wild pigs. It is caused by ASF virus (ASFV), the only DNA virus which can be efficiently transmitted by an arthro...

    Authors: Jana Pietschmann, Lina Mur, Sandra Blome, Martin Beer, Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez, Ana Oleaga and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Lawsonia intracellularis is the etiologic agent of proliferative enteropathy, which causes diarrhea in several animal species, including swine. Serology can be used both to determine t...

    Authors: Talita Pilar Resende, Carlos Eduardo Real Pereira, Michelle de Paula Gabardo, João Paulo Amaral Haddad, Zélia Inês Portela Lobato and Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:306

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has been a cause for great concern to the Danish pig industry since it was first diagnosed in 1992. The causative agent of PRRS is an RNA virus which is div...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Lopes Antunes, Tariq Halasa, Klara Tølbøl Lauritsen, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Lars Erik Larsen and Nils Toft

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:303

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Heat stress is a physiological response to extreme environmental heat such as heat waves. Heat stress can result in mortality in dairy cows when extreme heat is both rapidly changing and has a long duration. A...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Olaf Berke, David L. Pearl, Karen Hand and David F. Kelton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:291

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Predicting the ability of rams to detect, mate and fertilise ewes in oestrus accurately is certainly difficult; however, tests based on clinical examinations have been performed to assess the overall potential...

    Authors: René Mozo, Ana Isabel Galeote, José Luis Alabart, Enrique Fantova and José Folch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:289

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are increasingly reared in rural areas of Cameroon for meat and income generation. Unfortunately, health constraints due to various pathogens including parasites stand as one of ...

    Authors: Marc K. Kouam, Felix Meutchieye, Terence T. Nguafack, Emile Miegoué, Joseph Tchoumboué and Georgios Theodoropoulos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:288

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas), bacteria belonging to the class Mollicutes, are obligatory red blood cell pathogens of a variety of animal species. They may cause acute anemia that is life-threatening or...

    Authors: Francisco de Oliveira Conrado, Naíla Cannes do Nascimento, Andrea Pires dos Santos, Cristina Kraemer Zimpel, Joanne Belle Messick and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:286

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In parallel to the increase of wild boar abundance in the past decades, an increase of exposure to the Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) has been reported in wild boar in several parts of Europe. Since high anima...

    Authors: Roman Kaspar Meier, Francisco Ruiz-Fons and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:277

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Visceral leishmaniasis is an emerging zoonosis and its geographic distribution is restricted to tropical and temperate regions. Most of the individuals infected in Latin America are in Brazil. Despite the cont...

    Authors: Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D’Andrea, Elivelton da Silva Fonseca, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Raul Borges Guimarães, Renata Corrêa Yamashita, Célio Nereu Soares, Roberto Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto and José Eduardo Tolezano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:273

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first identified in November 2011. It is a novel Orthobunyavirus (family Bunyaviridae) whose main ill effect is congenital malformation of the musculoskeletal and central nervous sys...

    Authors: D. Barrett, S. J. More, R. O’Neill, B. Bradshaw, M. Casey, M. Keane, G. McGrath and D. Sammin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:267

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Livestock trypanosomiasis, transmitted mainly by tsetse flies of the genus Glossina is a major constraint to livestock health and productivity in the sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the prevalence and intensity ...

    Authors: Harriet Angwech, Jack H. P. Nyeko, Elizabeth A. Opiyo, Joseph Okello-Onen, Robert Opiro, Richard Echodu, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Moses N. Njahira and Robert A. Skilton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:255

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Clostridium difficile is an important enteropathogen affecting humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. The objectives of this study were to 1) compare the prevalence and characteristic...

    Authors: Kristin J. Bondo, J. Scott Weese, Joyce Rouseau and Claire M. Jardine

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:254

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Antimicrobial use in livestock is one of the factors contributing to selection and spread of resistant microorganisms in the environment. National veterinary antimicrobial consumption monitoring programs are t...

    Authors: FJ Taverne, JH Jacobs, DJJ Heederik, JW Mouton, JA Wagenaar and IM van Geijlswijk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:250

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The intimate relationship between dogs and their owners has the potential to increase the risk of human exposure to bacterial pathogens. Over the past 40 years, there have been several reports on transmission ...

    Authors: Preena Lowden, Corrin Wallis, Nancy Gee and Anthony Hilton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:239

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Canine babesiosis is an emerging or re-emerging disease caused by Babesia and Theileria protozoans, also called piroplasms, transmitted by Ixodid ticks. In Europe, four etiological agents have been identified to ...

    Authors: Magalie René-Martellet, Claire Valiente Moro, Jeanne Chêne, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Luc Chabanne and Patrick Mavingui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:223

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Bovine brucellosis (BB) is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella abortus. BB is endemic in Argentina, where vaccination with Brucella abortus strain 19 is compulsory for 3-to-8 month-old heifers. The objectives o...

    Authors: M. N. Aznar, F. J. Linares, B. Cosentino, A. Sago, L. La Sala, E. León, S. Duffy and A. Perez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:209

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Schmallenberg virus (SBV) has spread across Europe since mid-2011, causing unspecific and transitory symptoms in ruminants and congenital malformations in their offspring. Evidence for the impact of SBV on cat...

    Authors: Marica Toson, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Katia Capello, Laura Gagliazzo, Laura Bortolotti, Matteo Mazzucato, Stefano Marangon and Lebana Bonfanti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:193

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infections in cattle are generally challenging to detect and cost-effective test strategies are consequently difficult to identify. MA...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby, Kaare Græsbøll, Tariq Halasa, Nils Toft and Søren Saxmose Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:190

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Brucellosis is a zoonosis of public health importance worldwide. In Tanzania, the disease is underreported due to insufficient awareness, inadequate diagnostic protocols, including lack of appropriate reagents...

    Authors: Justine A. Assenga, Lucas E. Matemba, Shabani K. Muller, Joseph J. Malakalinga and Rudovick R. Kazwala

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:189

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Students of veterinary medicine should achieve basic professional competences required to practise their profession. A main focus of veterinary education is on developing clinical skills.

    Authors: Tanja Rösch, Elisabeth Schaper, Andrea Tipold, Martin R Fischer, Marc Dilly and Jan P Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:969

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are important pathogens of worldwide distribution. N. caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle and dogs are main reservoirs because they excrete the environmentally re...

    Authors: Yurong Yang, Qiongfang Zhang, Yangguang Kong, Yuqing Ying, Oliver Hung Chun Kwok, Hongde Liang and Jitender Prakash Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:295

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection in Norwegian pigs was largely subclinical. This study tested the hypothesis that the infection causes negligible impact on pigs’ growth performance in terms of feed conve...

    Authors: Chiek Er, Bjørn Lium, Saraya Tavornpanich, Peer Ola Hofmo, Hilde Forberg, Anna Germundsson Hauge, Carl Andreas Grøntvedt, Tore Framstad and Edgar Brun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:284

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP) is an emerging disease in horses in Sweden, Norway and Finland since 1995. Affected horses show bilateral pelvic limb knuckling and weakness, sometimes progressing to recum...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Agneta Egenvall, Siv Hanche-Olsen and Gittan Gröndahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:265

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a telephone survey in gaining an understanding of the possible herd and management factors influencing the performance (i.e. safety and eff...

    Authors: Heiko Nathues, Johanna Meyer-Hamme, Petra Maass, Ruediger Goessl, Wibke Stansen, Rolf Steens and Elisabeth grosse Beilage

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:260

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first detected in November 2011 in Germany and then rapidly spread throughout Europe. In beef suckler farms, clinical signs are mainly associated with reproductive disorders, part...

    Authors: Didier Raboisson, Agnès Waret-Szkuta, Jonathan Rushton, Barbara Häsler and Pablo Alarcon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:254

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Schmallenberg virus (SBV) emerged in Europe in 2011 and caused a widespread epidemic in ruminants.

    Authors: Morgane Dominguez, Kristel Gache, Anne Touratier, Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Alexandre Fediaevsky, Eric Collin, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Cyril Viarouge, Gina Zanella, Stephan Zientara, Pascal Hendrikx and Didier Calavas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:248

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP) is a disease of calves characterised by bone marrow trilineage hypoplasia, mediated by ingestion of alloantibodies in colostrum. Suspected subclinical forms of BNP have been ...

    Authors: Charlotte R Bell, Morag G Kerr, Philip R Scott, W Ivan Morrison and Helen Brown

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:245

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Concern has been raised regarding the potential contributions of veterinary antimicrobial use to increasing levels of resistance in bacteria critically important to human health. Canine pyoderma is a frequent,...

    Authors: Jennifer F Summers, Anke Hendricks and David C Brodbelt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:240

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Taenia solium is a zoonotic helminth with the potential to cause life threatening epilepsy in people through the aberrant larval infection of the brain called Neurocysticercosis (NCC). The pig is the intermediate...

    Authors: Zachary Nsadha, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Févre, George Nasinyama, Lonzy Ojok and Charles Waiswa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:239

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Infection with Toxoplasma gondii in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) is of epidemiological importance because of the risk for transmission to humans. We sought to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infect...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Dora Romero-Salas, Zeferino García-Vázquez, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Álvaro Peniche-Cardeña, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, Mariel Aguilar-Domínguez, Adalberto A Pérez-de-León and Jitender P Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:232

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Veterinary infection control for the management of Hendra virus (HeV), an emerging zoonosis in Australia, remained suboptimal until 2010 despite 71.4% (5/7) of humans infected with HeV being veterinary personn...

    Authors: Diana H Mendez, Jenny Kelly, Petra Buttner, Madeleine Nowak and Rick Speare

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:215

    Content type: Research article

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