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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley University of Warwick, UK

The epidemiology and modelling section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of disease which is of key importance to the government and the produce industry in addition to the general community. This includes papers dealing with spread and/or transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, developing or applying new epidemiological methods based on a biological application. It also deals with descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses and studies providing information of geographically limited interest.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without la...

    Authors: Lian F Thomas, William A de Glanville, Elizabeth A Cook and Eric M Fèvre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:46

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infect...

    Authors: Lénaïg Halos, Isabelle Lebert, Isabelle Chao, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Christian Ducrot, David Abrial, Jean-François Ravier and Jacques Guillot

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:41

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of subclinical mastitis during lactation can have both direct (individual animal level) and indirect (population level) effects. With a few exceptions, prior research has focused on evaluating the di...

    Authors: John W Barlow, Ruth N Zadoks and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:28

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Serum samples from 630 milk sheep, in 33 dairy flocks representative of the southern area of the Tuscany region, were tested for the presence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii using an indirect immunofluorescenc...

    Authors: Beniamino T Cenci-Goga, Antonio Ciampelli, Paola Sechi, Fabrizia Veronesi, Iolanda Moretta, Valentina Cambiotti and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:25

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Dogslife is the first large-scale internet-based longitudinal study of canine health. The study has been designed to examine how environmental and genetic factors influence the health and development of a birt...

    Authors: Dylan N Clements, Ian G Handel, Erica Rose, Damon Querry, Carys A Pugh, William ER Ollier, Kenton L Morgan, Lorna J Kennedy, Jeffery Sampson, Kim M Summers and B Mark C de Bronsvoort

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:13

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) have similar risk factors and control measures, infection rates have been speculated to vary in geographic distribution over North ...

    Authors: Bimal K Chhetri, Olaf Berke, David L Pearl and Dorothee Bienzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:2

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Taenia solium is an important zoonosis in many developing countries. Cysticercosis poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to the pig production industry. Due to scarcity of data on the ep...

    Authors: Eric E Eshitera, Samuel M Githigia, Philip Kitala, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Fèvre, Leslie JS Harrison, Evalyn W Mwihia, Richard O Otieno, Fred Ojiambo and Ndichu Maingi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:234

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Piglet isosporosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases in modern pig production. To prevent clinical disease, prophylactic treatment of piglets with toltrazuril (BAYCOX® 5%, Bayer HealthCare, Animal H...

    Authors: Vasilis Skampardonis, Smaragda Sotiraki, Polychronis Kostoulas and Leonidas Leontides

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:228

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The EU Regulation No 2160/2003 imposes a reduction in the prevalence of Salmonella in pigs. The efficiency of control programmes for Salmonella in pigs, reported among the EU Member States, varies and definitive ...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Denisa Mendonça, Madalena Vieira-Pinto and João Niza-Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:226

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is of major concern to the swine industry; infection with the virus can lead to production losses, morbidity, and mortality within swine operations. Biosecu...

    Authors: Kate Bottoms, Zvonimir Poljak, Cate Dewey, Rob Deardon, Derald Holtkamp and Robert Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:217

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In the frame of an eradication program for bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Swiss livestock, the question was raised whether free-ranging wildlife could threaten the success of this sanitary measure. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Hanspeter Stalder, Corinne Hug and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:204

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Animal disease monitoring and surveillance are crucial for ensuring the health of animals, humans and the environment. Many studies have investigated the utility of monitoring syndromes associated with data fr...

    Authors: Terri L O’Sullivan, Robert M Friendship, David L Pearl, Beverly McEwen and Catherine E Dewey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:192

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify risk factors for active porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection at farm level and to assess the probability of an infected farm being detected through...

    Authors: Martina Velasova, Pablo Alarcon, Susanna Williamson and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:184

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis ...

    Authors: Paul F Smith, Elizabeth W Howerth, Deborah Carter, Elmer W Gray, Raymond Noblet, Roy D Berghaus, David E Stallknecht and Daniel G Mead

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:183

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Outbreaks of pancreas disease (PD) greatly contribute to economic losses due to high mortality, control measures, interrupted production cycles, reduced feed conversion and flesh quality in the aquaculture ind...

    Authors: Saraya Tavornpanich, Mathilde Paul, Hildegunn Viljugrein, David Abrial, Daniel Jimenez and Edgar Brun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:172

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Contagious Agalactia (CA) is one of the major animal health problems in small ruminants because of its economic significance. Currently, four Mycoplasma spp. have been associated with this syndrome: M. agalactiae

    Authors: Jaime Ariza-Miguel, David Rodríguez-Lázaro and Marta Hernández

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:171

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is primarily a disease of ruminants, particularly cattle (Bos primigenius) and buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and is endemic in most developing countries. To dat...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Tone B Johansen, Edvardsen Vigdis, Jacques Godfroid, Francisco Olea-Popelka, Demelash Biffa, Eystein Skjerve and Berit Djønne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:168

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The population of dogs and cats passing through rescue shelters may be subject to compromised welfare and increased susceptibility to disease. Little information exists to describe this population, its dynamic...

    Authors: Jenny Stavisky, Marnie L Brennan, Martin Downes and Rachel Dean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:163

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A common approach to the application of epidemiological models is to determine a single (point estimate) parameterisation using the information available in the literature. However, in many cases there is cons...

    Authors: Ross S Davidson, Iain J McKendrick, Joanna C Wood, Glenn Marion, Alistair Greig, Karen Stevenson, Michael Sharp and Michael R Hutchings

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:159

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There is poor understanding of most aspects of Clostridium perfringens type A as a possible cause of neonatal diarrhea in piglets, and the prevalence and types of C. perfringens present on Ontario swine farms is ...

    Authors: Gloria Chan, Abdolvahab Farzan, Glenn Soltes, Vivian M Nicholson, Yanlong Pei, Robert Friendship and John F Prescott

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:156

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The uncontrolled presence of African swine fever (ASF) in Russian Federation (RF) poses a serious risk to the whole European Union (EU) pig industry. Although trade of pigs and their products is banned since t...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:149

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis. Although eradication is a priority for the European authorities, bTB remains active or even increasing in many count...

    Authors: Víctor Rodríguez-Prieto, Beatriz Martínez-López, José Ángel Barasona, Pelayo Acevedo, Beatriz Romero, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Christian Gortázar, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Joaquín Vicente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:148

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in cattle under various management systems in Adamawa, Kaduna and Kano states, northern Nigeria. Using multi-stage sampling, serum samples of...

    Authors: Hassan M Mai, Peter C Irons, Junaidu Kabir and Peter N Thompson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:144

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Sub-clinical mastitis limits milk production and represents an important barrier to profitable livestock economics worldwide. Milk production from cows in Nigeria is not at optimum levels in view of many facto...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Jamilu Abdullahi, Aliyu Jibril, Aminu A Mohammed and Folorunso O Fasina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:134

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chicken red blood cells (RBCs) are commonly used in hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests to measure hemagglutinating antibodies against influenza viruses. The use of horse RBCs in the HI test can reportedly ...

    Authors: Hendra Wibawa, Joerg Henning, Dessie Eri Waluyati, Tri Bhakti Usman, Sue Lowther, John Bingham, Akhmad Junaidi and Joanne Meers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:117

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Due to the parallel increase of the number of free-ranging wild boar and domestic pigs reared outdoor, the risk that they interact has become higher. Contacts with wild boar can be the origin of disease outbre...

    Authors: Natacha Wu, Carlos Abril, Andreas Thomann, Eleonore Grosclaude, Marcus G Doherr, Patrick Boujon and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:116

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  27. Content type: Research article

    One of the main aims of forensic investigation is the detection and location of people and substances of interest, such as missing people and illegal drugs. Dogs (Canis lupus var. familiaris) have had an importan...

    Authors: Samer Alasaad, Roberto Permunian, Francis Gakuya, Matthew Mutinda, Ramón C Soriguer and Luca Rossi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:110

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The use of electronic training devices for dog training is controversial. The aims of this study were to give an indication of the extent to which dog owners use these devices in England, identify factors asso...

    Authors: Emily J Blackwell, Christine Bolster, Gemma Richards, Bethany A Loftus and Rachel A Casey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:93

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The persistence of bovine TB (bTB) in various countries throughout the world is enhanced by the existence of wildlife hosts for the infection. In Britain and Ireland, the principal wildlife host for bTB is the...

    Authors: Joanne L Hardstaff, Mark T Bulling, Glenn Marion, Michael R Hutchings and Piran C L White

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:92

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