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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. The present investigation was an endeavor into the elucidation of the disease-causing pathogen of streptococcosis in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Egypt affecting adult fish cultured and wild fish in th...

    Authors: Kamelia M. Osman, Khalid S. Al-Maary, Aymen S. Mubarak, Turki M. Dawoud, Ihab M. I. Moussa, Mai D. S. Ibrahim, Ashgan M. Hessain, Ahmed Orabi and Nehal M. Fawzy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:357

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease) is an economically significant condition caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. However, difficulties in diagnosis and classification of individual animals with ...

    Authors: R. J. Whittington, D. J. Begg, K. de Silva, A. C. Purdie, N. K. Dhand and K. M. Plain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:328

    Content type: Review

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  3. The recent rise in mobile phone use and increased signal coverage has created opportunities for growth of the mobile Health sector in many low resource settings. This pilot study explores the use of a smartphone-...

    Authors: Tariku Jibat Beyene, Amanuel Eshetu, Amina Abdu, Etenesh Wondimu, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene Tufa, Sami Ibrahim and Crawford W. Revie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:323

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious viral disease of cattle caused by a virus of the genus Capripoxvirus. LSD was reported for the first time in Ethiopia in 1981 and subsequently became endemic. This time s...

    Authors: W. Molla, M. C. M. de Jong and K. Frankena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:310

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ethiopia has high prevalences of udder health problems including clinical and subclinical mastitis across production systems in different livestock species. Previous studies on udder health problems have large...

    Authors: Kebede Amenu, Barbara Szonyi, Delia Grace and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:303

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. This study investigated the proportion of antimicrobial resistant samples and resistance patterns of Staphylococc...

    Authors: Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Dikeledi Sebola, James Wabwire Oguttu and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:286

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In Argentina, vaccination with Brucella abortus Strain 19 vaccine is mandatory. The objective of the study was to develop and test a method for evaluating, in an innovative way, some farmers’ and veterinarians’ m...

    Authors: M.N. Aznar, M. Arregui, M.F. Humblet, L.E. Samartino and C. Saegerman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:281

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The study highlights the shedding pattern of Senecavirus A (SVA) during an outbreak of vesicular disease in a sow farm from the South-central Minnesota, USA. In this study, 34 individual, mixed parity sows wit...

    Authors: Steven J. P. Tousignant, Laura Bruner, Jake Schwartz, Fabio Vannucci, Stephanie Rossow and Douglas G. Marthaler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:277

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Antimicrobial resistant Staphylococcus are becoming increasingly important in horses because of the zoonotic nature of the pathogens and the associated risks to caregivers and owners. Knowledge of the burden and ...

    Authors: James Wabwire Oguttu, Daniel Nenene Qekwana and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:269

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The patterns of relative species abundance are commonly studied in ecology and epidemiology to provide insights into underlying dynamical processes. Molecular types (MVLA-types) of Mycobacterium bovis, the causal...

    Authors: Hannah Trewby, David M. Wright, Robin A. Skuce, Carl McCormick, Thomas R. Mallon, Eleanor L. Presho, Rowland R. Kao, Daniel T. Haydon and Roman Biek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:268

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Proliferative enteropathy is a global enteric disease of particular importance in pigs. The causative bacterium, Lawsonia intracellularis, has a wide range of susceptible host species. Recently, L. intracellulari...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hwang, Myung-Ji Seo and Jung-Yong Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:233

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of two serum ELISAs and one quantitative PCR on feces for the diagnosis of paratuberculosis in sub-clinically infected young-adult sheep. A cross-sectional...

    Authors: Yoann Mathevon, Gilles Foucras, Rémy Falguières and Fabien Corbiere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:230

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Understanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect becaus...

    Authors: Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Peter-John M. Noble, Phil H. Jones, Tarek Menacere, Iain Buchan, Suzanna Reynolds, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M. Gaskell, Sally Everitt and Alan D. Radford

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:218

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an important tick-borne disease in Europe. Detection of the TBE virus (TBEV) in local populations of Ixodes ricinus ticks is the most reliable proof that a given area is at risk f...

    Authors: Nadia Rieille, Christine Klaus, Donata Hoffmann, Olivier Péter and Maarten J. Voordouw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:217

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The parasitic disease, cystic echinococcosis (CE), is prevalent in low-income, livestock-raising communities and 2000 new people will be diagnosed this year in South America alone. The disease usually passes f...

    Authors: Veronika Merino, Christopher M. Westgard, Angela M. Bayer and Patricia J. García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:213

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Antimicrobial resistance is a public health threat. Because antimicrobial consumption in food-producing animals contributes to the problem, policies restricting the inappropriate or unnecessary agricultural us...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Nora Wong, Joe Thomas, Kathy Talkington, Elizabeth Jungman and Allan Coukell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:211

    Content type: Review

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  17. Canine cancer registry data can be put to good use in epidemiological studies. Quantitative comparison of tumour types may reveal unusual cancer frequencies, providing directions for research and generation of...

    Authors: Elisa Baioni, Eugenio Scanziani, Maria Claudia Vincenti, Mauro Leschiera, Elena Bozzetta, Marzia Pezzolato, Rosanna Desiato, Silvia Bertolini, Cristiana Maurella and Giuseppe Ru

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:203

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Paratuberculosis (PTB) is a chronic disease which may lead to reduced milk yield, lower animal welfare and death in cattle. The causative agent is Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The economic c...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby, Kaare Græsbøll, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Nils Toft and Tariq Halasa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:202

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Farm animals are usually suspected to transmit infections to humans. Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are hosts to a variety of pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. Several parasites including the protozoa Gia...

    Authors: Felix Meutchieye, Marc K. Kouam, Emile Miegoué, Terence T. Nguafack, Joseph Tchoumboué, Alexis Téguia and Georgios Théodoropoulos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:196

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Identifying the contact structure within a population of horses attending a competition is an important element towards understanding the potential for the spread of equine pathogens as the horses subsequently...

    Authors: Kelsey L. Spence, Terri L. O’Sullivan, Zvonimir Poljak and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:191

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The objective of the current study was to develop a stochastic agent-based model using empirical data from Ontario (Canada) swine sites in order to evaluate different surveillance strategies for detection of e...

    Authors: A. G. Arruda, Z. Poljak, D. Knowles and A. McLean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:171

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most economically devastating infectious diseases for the swine industry. A better understanding of the disease dynamics and the transmission ...

    Authors: Sara Amirpour Haredasht, Dale Polson, Rodger Main, Kyuyoung Lee, Derald Holtkamp and Beatriz Martínez-López

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:163

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) are emerging zoonotic pathogens with a worldwide distribution that can cause mild to severe hemolytic anemia, icterus, ill-thrift, infertility, and poor weight gain. Howeve...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Wang, Yanyan Cui, Yan Zhang, Ke Shi, Yaqun Yan, Fuchun Jian, Longxian Zhang, Rongjun Wang and Changshen Ning

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:142

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease with a worldwide distribution. In Vietnam, leptospirosis is considered endemic. In pigs, leptospirosis can result in reproductive problems (such as abortion and in...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Nguyen Viet Khong, Huyen Nguyen Xuan, Vuong Bui Nghia, Hung Nguyen-Viet and Delia Grace

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:125

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Antimicrobial resistance in staphylococci, often associated with treatment failure, is increasingly reported in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns and predictors of antimicr...

    Authors: Daniel N. Qekwana, James W. Oguttu, Fortune Sithole and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:116

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity and other practices of backyard poultry holdings and knowledge and practices of poultry keepers following an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian i...

    Authors: Tenzin Tenzin, Chador Wangdi and Purna Bdr Rai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:113

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hendra virus is a paramyxovirus that causes periodic serious disease and fatalities in horses and humans in Australia first identified in 1994. Pteropid bats (commonly known as flying-foxes) are the natural ho...

    Authors: J. Manyweathers, H. Field, N. Longnecker, K. Agho, C. Smith and M. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:103

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The effectiveness of biosecurity methods to mitigate the transmission of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) via farm personnel or contaminated fomites is poorly understood. This study was undertaken to eva...

    Authors: Yonghyan Kim, My Yang, Sagar M. Goyal, Maxim C-J. Cheeran and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:89

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The study aim was to quantify the impact of movement restriction on the well-being of pigs and the associated mitigation responses during a classical swine fever (CSF) outbreak. We developed a stochastic risk ...

    Authors: Shankar Yadav and Hsin-Yi Weng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:83

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gross pathology suggestive of bovine tuberculosis (TB-like lesions) and evaluate animal’s characteristics associated with the risk of having bovine TB-li...

    Authors: Daniel Pakasi Nalapa, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya and Francisco Olea-Popelka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:73

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also...

    Authors: Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak and Rick Speare (posthumously)

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:56

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The need for wildlife health surveillance as part of disease control in wildlife, domestic animals and humans on the global level is widely recognized. However, the objectives, methods and intensity of existin...

    Authors: Jana Sonnenburg, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Thijs Kuiken, Ezio Ferroglio, Rainer G. Ulrich, Franz J. Conraths, Christian Gortázar and Christoph Staubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:53

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rhodococcus equi is one of the most significant bacterial pathogens affecting foals up to 6 months of age worldwide. Rhodococcosis is present in Poland however information about molecu...

    Authors: Lucjan Witkowski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Shinji Takai, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Małgorzata Feret, Marta Gawryś, Maciej Witkowski and Jerzy Kita

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In the last years the knowledges on Mediterranean Buffalo (MB) mastitis is remarkably improving, nevertheless the attention has been never focused on vaccination as preventive strategy for the control of masti...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Antonella Pesce, Massimo Pascale, Caterina Salzano, Gianni Tedeschi, Luigi D’Andrea, Angela De Rosa and Paolo Ciaramella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:29

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The United States swine industry was first confronted with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in 2013. In young pigs, the virus is highly pathogenic and the associated morbidity and mortality has a signifi...

    Authors: Amy L. Greer, Kelsey Spence and Emma Gardner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Non-invasive sampling techniques based on the analysis of oral fluid specimen have gained substantial importance in the field of swine herd management. Methodological advances have a focus on endemic viral dis...

    Authors: Klaas Dietze, Anna Tucakov, Tatjana Engel, Sabine Wirtz, Klaus Depner, Anja Globig, Robert Kammerer and Susan Mouchantat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:5

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Tuberculosis is a major health concern in not only humans, but also in non-human primates. In this paper, we report recent cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cynomolgus monkeys from Cambodia used in transplan...

    Authors: Eun Wha Choi, Kyo Won Lee, Tae Min Kim, Hyojun Park, Mi Ri Jeon, Chan Woo Cho, Jae Berm Park and Sungjoo Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:289

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. In an era of ubiquitous electronic collection of animal health data, multivariate surveillance systems (which concurrently monitor several data streams) should have a greater probability of detecting disease e...

    Authors: Flavie Vial, Wei Wei and Leonhard Held

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:288

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. T.gondii is a global zoonotic disease and is considered as the most neglected tropical disease in sub-Saharan countries. The exact seroepidemiological distribution and risk factors for...

    Authors: Dechassa Tegegne, Amin kelifa, Mukarim Abdurahaman and Moti Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:280

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance in dairy industry worldwide. It is of particular concern in developing countries like Ethiopia, where milk and milk products are scarce. The objectives of the...

    Authors: Rahmeto Abebe, Hagere Hatiya, Mesele Abera, Bekele Megersa and Kassahun Asmare

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:270

    Content type: Research article

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  41. From 2014 to 2015 in China, many broiler breeder and layer hen flocks exhibited a decrease in egg production and some chickens developed hepatitis syndrome including hepatomegaly, hepatic necrosis and hemorrha...

    Authors: Yani Sun, Taofeng Du, Baoyuan Liu, Shahid Faraz Syed, Yiyang Chen, Huixia Li, Xinjie Wang, Gaiping Zhang, En-Min Zhou and Qin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:261

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Data extracted from electronic patient records (EPRs) within practice management software systems are increasingly used in veterinary research. The use of real patient data gives the potential to generate rese...

    Authors: Julie S. Jones-Diette, Marnie L. Brennan, Malcolm Cobb, Hannah Doit and Rachel S. Dean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:239

    Content type: Methodology article

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  43. Feline morbillivirus (FmoPV) is a novel paramyxovirus found to infect domestic cats. FmoPV has been isolated in several countries in Asia and Europe and is considered to have genetic diversity. Also, it is sus...

    Authors: Eun-Sil Park, Michio Suzuki, Masanobu Kimura, Hiroshi Mizutani, Ryuichi Saito, Nami Kubota, Youko Hasuike, Jungo Okajima, Hidemi Kasai, Yuko Sato, Noriko Nakajima, Keiji Maruyama, Koichi Imaoka and Shigeru Morikawa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:228

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Various information about the genetic diversity of Escherichia coli isolates from chickens are available but a detailed epidemiological investigation based upon isolates obtained from interrelated pullet and laye...

    Authors: Surya Paudel, Beatrix Stessl, Claudia Hess, Angelika Zloch and Michael Hess

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:221

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Several research groups from different European countries have worked on the aetiopathogenesis of bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) and an association between the use of the vaccine PregSure BVD (Pfizer, Germ...

    Authors: Frederike Reichmann, Annette Pfitzner, Guenter Rademacher, Elke Schwedinger, Klaus Cussler and Carola M. Sauter-Louis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:220

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Sub-optimal performance of the animal health delivery system in rural areas is common in developing countries including Tanzania. However, penetration of mobile phones and availability of good road network and...

    Authors: Esron D. Karimuribo, Emmanuel K. Batamuzi, Lucas B. Massawe, Richard S. Silayo, Frederick O. K. Mgongo, Elikira Kimbita and Raphael M. Wambura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:219

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The study’s objective was to evaluate the ability of fecal culture (FCUL) and fecal PCR (FPCR) to identify dairy goat and dairy sheep shedding Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis. A cross-sectional study of...

    Authors: Cathy A. Bauman, Andria Jones-Bitton, Jocelyn Jansen, David Kelton and Paula Menzies

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:212

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Previous studies confirmed that classical scrapie can be transmitted via milk in sheep. The current study aimed to investigate whether scrapie can also be transmitted via goat milk using in vivo (new-born lamb...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Leigh Thorne, Hugh A. Simmons, Steve A. C. Hawkins, Marion M. Simmons and Lorenzo González

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:208

    Content type: Research article

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