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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley University of Warwick, UK

The epidemiology and modelling section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of disease which is of key importance to the government and the produce industry in addition to the general community. This includes papers dealing with spread and/or transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, developing or applying new epidemiological methods based on a biological application. It also deals with descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses and studies providing information of geographically limited interest.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Fasciolosis has been described in sub-Saharan Africa in many accounts, but the latest reports from Chad are from the 1970s. Mobile pastoralists perceive liver parasites as a significant problem and think that ...

    Authors: Vreni Jean-Richard, Lisa Crump, Abbani Alhadj Abicho, Ngandolo Bongo Naré, Helena Greter, Jan Hattendorf, Esther Schelling and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:81

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  2. Content type: Review

    In the past decade, two pathogens transmitted by Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), bluetongue virus and Schmallenberg virus, have caused serious economic losses to the European livestock indust...

    Authors: Constantianus JM Koenraadt, Thomas Balenghien, Simon Carpenter, Els Ducheyne, Armin RW Elbers, Mark Fife, Claire Garros, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Helge Kampen, Richard JM Kormelink, Bertrand Losson, Wim HM van der Poel, Nick De Regge, Piet A van Rijn, Christopher Sanders, Francis Schaffner…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:77

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity com...

    Authors: Yared Yigezu, Demissew Berihun Haile and Wubeante Yenet Ayen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:76

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Salmonellosis is a major worldwide zoonosis, and Salmonella-infected finishing pigs are considered one of the major sources of human infections in developed countries. Baseline studies on salmonellosis prevalence...

    Authors: Victoria Garrido, Samanta Sánchez, Beatriz San Román, Ana Zabalza-Baranguá, Yasmin Díaz-Tendero, Cristina de Frutos, Raúl-Carlos Mainar-Jaime and María-Jesús Grilló

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:59

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The 2009 pH1N1 influenza pandemic resulted in at least 18,500 deaths worldwide. While pH1N1 is now considered to be in a post-pandemic stage in humans it has nevertheless spilled back into swine in at least 20...

    Authors: Brenda Larison, Kevin Y Njabo, Anthony Chasar, Trevon Fuller, Ryan J Harrigan and Thomas B Smith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:55

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Avian influenza viruses may cause severe disease in a variety of domestic animal species worldwide, with high mortality in chickens and turkeys. To reduce the information gap about prevalence of these viruses ...

    Authors: Halid Kirunda, Bernard Erima, Agnes Tumushabe, Jocelyn Kiconco, Titus Tugume, Sophia Mulei, Derrick Mimbe, Edison Mworozi, Josephine Bwogi, Lukwago Luswa, Hannah Kibuuka, Monica Millard, Achilles Byaruhanga, Mariette F Ducatez, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:50

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Few serological tests are available for detecting antibodies against Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the causal agent of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP). The complement fixation test, the ...

    Authors: Armelle Peyraud, François Poumarat, Florence Tardy, Lucía Manso-Silván, Karomatullo Hamroev, Tillo Tilloev, Mullojon Amirbekov, Karim Tounkara, Charles Bodjo, Hezron Wesonga, Isabel Gacheri Nkando, Shiferaw Jenberie, Martha Yami, Eric Cardinale, Deodass Meenowa, Mahmad Reshad Jaumally…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:48

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Sheeppoxvirus (SPPV) is a member of the Capripoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family, which causes significant economic losses in Morocco. The resurgence of the sheeppox disease during 2010 was characterized by a...

    Authors: Khalil Zro, Fathiah Zakham, Marouane Melloul, Elmostafa El Fahime and Moulay Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:31

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Efforts to educate producers and veterinarians in the United States regarding the management, prevention and control of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection have increased over recent y...

    Authors: Bikash Bhattarai, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Jason B Osterstock, Seong C Park and Allen J Roussel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:27

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Despite great effort and investment incurred over decades to control bovine tuberculosis (bTB), it is still one of the most important zoonotic diseases in many areas of the world. Test-and-slaughter strategies...

    Authors: Julio Álvarez, Andrés Perez, Sergio Marqués, Javier Bezos, Anna Grau, Maria Luisa de la Cruz, Beatriz Romero, Jose Luis Saez, Maria del Rosario Esquivel, Maria del Carmen Martínez, Olga Mínguez, Lucía de Juan and Lucas Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:14

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Individual enteropathogen infections in healthy and clinically ill cats are well described, but prevalence and patterns of enteropathogen co-infection have only been reported on a limited basis. We studied ent...

    Authors: Jasmin K Paris, Sheila Wills, Hans-Jörg Balzer, Darren J Shaw and Danièlle A Gunn-Moore

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:13

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Wider adoption of reporting guidelines by veterinary journals could improve the quality of published veterinary research. The aims of this study were to assess the knowledge and views of veterinary Editors-in-...

    Authors: Douglas JC Grindlay, Rachel S Dean, Mary M Christopher and Marnie L Brennan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:10

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  13. Content type: Research article

    African swine fever (ASF) is endemic in several countries of Africa and may pose a risk to all pig producing areas on the continent. Official ASF reporting is often rare and there remains limited awareness of ...

    Authors: William A de Glanville, Laurence Vial, Solenne Costard, Barbara Wieland and Dirk U Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:9

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Within a feasibility study the use of antibiotics in pigs and cattle was determined in 24 veterinary practices in Lower Saxony and on 66 farms in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. Focus was laid on the compar...

    Authors: Roswitha Merle, Matthias Robanus, Christine Hegger-Gravenhorst, Yvonne Mollenhauer, Peter Hajek, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Walther Honscha and Lothar Kreienbrock

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:7

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic debilitating disease and is a cause of morbidity and mortality in livestock, wildlife and humans. This study estimated the prevalence and risk factors associated with bov...

    Authors: Bugwesa Z Katale, Erasto V Mbugi, Esron D Karimuribo, Julius D Keyyu, Sharon Kendall, Gibson S Kibiki, Peter Godfrey-Faussett, Anita L Michel, Rudovick R Kazwala, Paul van Helden and Mecky I Matee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:267

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  16. Content type: Research article

    An outbreak of Salmonella Kentucky followed by a high level of sustained endemic prevalence was recently observed in a US adult dairy herd enrolled in a longitudinal study involving intensive fecal sampling. To u...

    Authors: Zhao Lu, Rebecca M Mitchell, Rebecca L Smith, Jeffrey S Karns, Jo Ann S van Kessel, David R Wolfgang, Ynte H Schukken and Yrjo T Grohn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:245

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this work was to retrospectively assess records received through the Ontario Swine Veterinary-based Surveillance program July 2007 – July 2009 to describe and assess relationships between repo...

    Authors: Shiona K Glass-Kaastra, David L Pearl, Richard J Reid-Smith, Beverly McEwen, Scott A McEwen, Rocio Amezcua and Robert M Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:238

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to identify associations between the concentration of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) antibodies in bulk milk and potential risk factors in herd management and he...

    Authors: Casey L Cazer, Rebecca M Mitchell, Kellie M Cicconi-Hogan, Michael Gamroth, Roxann M Richert, Pamela L Ruegg and Ynte H Schukken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:234

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a major cause of infertility and reproductive failure in livestock. While cattle in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago suffers from reproductive problems information on bovine brucellosis in the...

    Authors: Hanah Muflihanah, Mochammad Hatta, Ente Rood, Pauline Scheelbeek, Theresia H Abdoel and Henk L Smits

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:233

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Abattoir condemnation data show promise as a rich source of data for syndromic surveillance of both animal and zoonotic diseases. However, inherent characteristics of abattoir condemnation data can bias result...

    Authors: Gillian D Alton, David L Pearl, Ken G Bateman, Bruce McNab and Olaf Berke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:231

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bovine brucellosis is an important disease affecting cattle characterised by abortion, still birth, reduced milk production, weak foetus and infertility in both males and females. There is wide distribution of...

    Authors: Mukhtar S Anka, Latiffah Hassan, Azri Adzhar, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Ramlan Bin Mohamad and Mohamed A Zainal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:230

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The red squirrel population in Great Britain has declined dramatically in recent decades, principally due to squirrelpox. Concern exists that red squirrels may become extinct nationally and, as there has been ...

    Authors: Victor R Simpson, Judith Hargreaves, Helen M Butler, Nicholas J Davison and David J Everest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:229

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) remains difficult to eradicate from low incidence regions partly due to the imperfect sensitivity and specificity of routine intradermal tuberculin testing. Herds with unconfirmed rea...

    Authors: M Carolyn Gates, Victoriya V Volkova and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:225

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Trypanosomosis, via causing anaemia, emaciation, production loss and death, is arguably the most important constraint to livestock development in Sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia and its impact in Bar...

    Authors: Zewdu Seyoum, Getachew Terefe and Hagos Ashenafi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:214

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Prophylactic measures are key components of dairy herd mastitis control programs, but some are only relevant in specific housing systems. To assess the association between management practices and mastitis inc...

    Authors: Paz F Gordon, Bart HP van den Borne, Martin Reist, Samuel Kohler and Marcus G Doherr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:200

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  26. Content type: Methodology article

    When modelling infectious diseases, accurately capturing the pattern of dissemination through space is key to providing optimal recommendations for control. Mathematical models of disease spread in livestock, ...

    Authors: Jessica S Flood, Thibaud Porphyre, Michael J Tildesley and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:198

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Ducks are the natural reservoir of influenza A virus and the central host for highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1), while domestic ducks rearing in semi-scavenging system could serve as re-assortment vesse...

    Authors: Amina Khatun, Mohammed Giasuddin, Kazi Mehetazul Islam, Sazeda Khanom, Mohammed Abdus Samad, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Monira Noor, Jamal Uddin Bhuiyan, Won-Il Kim, Seong Kug Eo and Md Masudur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:196

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Abdominal segment deformity disease (ASDD) of cultivated whiteleg shrimp Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei causes economic loss of approximately 10% in affected specimens because of the unsightliness of distorted ab...

    Authors: Waraporn Sakaew, Benjamart Pratoomthai, Pattira Pongtippatee, Timothy W Flegel and Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:189

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Contingency planning for potential equine infectious disease outbreaks relies on accurate information on horse location and movements to estimate the risk of dissemination of disease(s). An online questionnair...

    Authors: Lisa A Boden, Tim DH Parkin, Julia Yates, Dominic Mellor and Rowland R Kao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:188

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In addition to livestock movements, other between-farm contacts such as visitors may contribute to the spread of contagious animal diseases. Knowledge about such contacts is essential for contingency planning....

    Authors: Maria Nöremark, Jenny Frössling and Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:184

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Infectious livestock diseases remain a major threat to attaining food security and are a source of economic and livelihood losses for people dependent on livestock for their livelihood. Knowledge of the vital ...

    Authors: Samuel M Thumbi, Mark BMdec Bronsvoort, Henry Kiara, PG Toye, Jane Poole, Mary Ndila, Ilana Conradie, Amy Jennings, Ian G Handel, JAW Coetzer, Johan Steyl, Olivier Hanotte and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:175

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In 1985, a bat researcher in Finland died of rabies encephalitis caused by European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2), but an epidemiological study in 1986 did not reveal EBLV-infected bats. In 2009, an EBLV-2-po...

    Authors: Tiina Nokireki, Anita Huovilainen, Thomas Lilley, Eeva-Maria Kyheröinen, Christine Ek-Kommonen, Liisa Sihvonen and Miia Jakava-Viljanen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:174

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There is a widely recognised lack of baseline epidemiological data on the dynamics and impacts of infectious cattle diseases in east Africa. The Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project is...

    Authors: Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Samuel Mwangi Thumbi, Elizabeth Jane Poole, Henry Kiara, Olga Tosas Auguet, Ian Graham Handel, Amy Jennings, Ilana Conradie, Mary Ndila Mbole-Kariuki, Philip G Toye, Olivier Hanotte, JAW Coetzer and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:171

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of feeding a commercial lacteal-derived colostrum replacer (CR) or pooled maternal colostrum (MC) on preweaning morbidity, growth a...

    Authors: Sharif S Aly, Patrick Pithua, John D Champagne and Deborah M Haines

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:168

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In 2006, bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) was detected for the first time in central Europe. Measures to control the infection in livestock were implemented in Switzerland but the question was raised whethe...

    Authors: Julien Casaubon, Valérie Chaignat, Hans-Rudolf Vogt, Adam O Michel, Barbara Thür and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:166

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A growing body of work shows the benefits of applying social cognitive behavioural theory to investigate infection control and biosecurity practices. Protection motivation theory has been used to predict prote...

    Authors: Kathrin Schemann, Simon M Firestone, Melanie R Taylor, Jenny-Ann LML Toribio, Michael P Ward and Navneet K Dhand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:152

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) occurred for the first time in a decade in Japan. Movement or shipment of people and animals around infected farms was restricted; however these contingency measures prove...

    Authors: Norihiko Muroga, Sota Kobayashi, Takeshi Nishida, Yoko Hayama, Takaaki Kawano, Takehisa Yamamoto and Toshiyuki Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:150

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Canine GM1 gangliosidosis is a fatal disease in the Shiba Inu breed, which is one of the most popular traditional breeds in Japan and is maintained as a standard breed in many countries. Therefore, it is impor...

    Authors: Mohammad M Uddin, Sayaka Arata, Yukari Takeuchi, Hye-Sook Chang, Keijiro Mizukami, Akira Yabuki, Mohammad M Rahman, Moeko Kohyama, Mohammad A Hossain, Kenji Takayama and Osamu Yamato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:132

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  39. Content type: Research article

    There are a number of different methods that can be used when estimating the size of the owned cat and dog population in a region, leading to varying population estimates. The aim of this study was to conduct ...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Rachel S Dean, Jenny H Stavisky, Vicki J Adams, Douglas JC Grindlay and Marnie L Brennan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:121

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a globally distributed zoonosis. Consumption of raw or undercooked meat, which is among the main risk factors for acquiring human infection, is a popular tradition in Ethiopia. However, studie...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Abebe Agonafir, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema, Getachew Tilahun, Girmay Medhin, Maria Vitale, Vincenzo Di Marco, Eric Cox, Jozef Vercruysse and Pierre Dorny

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:117

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Bibliographic data can be used to map the research quality and productivity of a discipline. We hypothesized that bibliographic data would identify geographic differences in research capacity, species speciali...

    Authors: Mary M Christopher and Ana Marusic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:115

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydiaceae is a family of obligate intracellular pathogens with a worldwide distribution in many animal species, including humans. No information exists on the prevalence of Chlamydia felis infections in cats ...

    Authors: Song-Ming Wu, Si-Yang Huang, Min-Jun Xu, Dong-Hui Zhou, Hui-Qun Song and Xing-Quan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:104

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The slaughterhouse is a central processing point for food animals and thus a source of both demographic data (age, breed, sex) and health-related data (reason for condemnation and condemned portions) that are ...

    Authors: Céline Dupuy, Eric Morignat, Xavier Maugey, Jean-Luc Vinard, Pascal Hendrikx, Christian Ducrot, Didier Calavas and Emilie Gay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:88

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Little is known on the effects of common calf diseases on mortality and carcass traits in the white veal industry (special-fed veal), a highly integrated production system, currently criticized for the intensi...

    Authors: Bart Pardon, Miel Hostens, Luc Duchateau, Jeroen Dewulf, Koen De Bleecker and Piet Deprez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:79

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The limited use of biosecurity practices by many in the farming community is likely to be due to a range of factors; further understanding of this issue is required. In this study, attitudes and behaviours of ...

    Authors: Marnie L Brennan and Robert M Christley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:71

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Heifers can calve down with intramammary infections (IMI) and udder damage. This will have a negative impact on their longevity, future milk yield and financial return. Co-housed pre-weaned calves that are fed...

    Authors: Inge-Marié Petzer, Joanne Karzis, Maia Lesosky, Johanna C Watermeyer and Renette Badenhorst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:49

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