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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley University of Warwick, UK

The epidemiology and modelling section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of disease which is of key importance to the government and the produce industry in addition to the general community. This includes papers dealing with spread and/or transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, developing or applying new epidemiological methods based on a biological application. It also deals with descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses and studies providing information of geographically limited interest.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Heat stress is a physiological response to extreme environmental heat such as heat waves. Heat stress can result in mortality in dairy cows when extreme heat is both rapidly changing and has a long duration. A...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Olaf Berke, David L. Pearl, Karen Hand and David F. Kelton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:291

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Predicting the ability of rams to detect, mate and fertilise ewes in oestrus accurately is certainly difficult; however, tests based on clinical examinations have been performed to assess the overall potential...

    Authors: René Mozo, Ana Isabel Galeote, José Luis Alabart, Enrique Fantova and José Folch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:289

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are increasingly reared in rural areas of Cameroon for meat and income generation. Unfortunately, health constraints due to various pathogens including parasites stand as one of ...

    Authors: Marc K. Kouam, Felix Meutchieye, Terence T. Nguafack, Emile Miegoué, Joseph Tchoumboué and Georgios Theodoropoulos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:288

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas), bacteria belonging to the class Mollicutes, are obligatory red blood cell pathogens of a variety of animal species. They may cause acute anemia that is life-threatening or...

    Authors: Francisco de Oliveira Conrado, Naíla Cannes do Nascimento, Andrea Pires dos Santos, Cristina Kraemer Zimpel, Joanne Belle Messick and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:286

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In parallel to the increase of wild boar abundance in the past decades, an increase of exposure to the Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) has been reported in wild boar in several parts of Europe. Since high anima...

    Authors: Roman Kaspar Meier, Francisco Ruiz-Fons and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:277

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis is an emerging zoonosis and its geographic distribution is restricted to tropical and temperate regions. Most of the individuals infected in Latin America are in Brazil. Despite the cont...

    Authors: Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D’Andrea, Elivelton da Silva Fonseca, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Raul Borges Guimarães, Renata Corrêa Yamashita, Célio Nereu Soares, Roberto Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto and José Eduardo Tolezano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:273

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first identified in November 2011. It is a novel Orthobunyavirus (family Bunyaviridae) whose main ill effect is congenital malformation of the musculoskeletal and central nervous sys...

    Authors: D. Barrett, S. J. More, R. O’Neill, B. Bradshaw, M. Casey, M. Keane, G. McGrath and D. Sammin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:267

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Livestock trypanosomiasis, transmitted mainly by tsetse flies of the genus Glossina is a major constraint to livestock health and productivity in the sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the prevalence and intensity ...

    Authors: Harriet Angwech, Jack H. P. Nyeko, Elizabeth A. Opiyo, Joseph Okello-Onen, Robert Opiro, Richard Echodu, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Moses N. Njahira and Robert A. Skilton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:255

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile is an important enteropathogen affecting humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. The objectives of this study were to 1) compare the prevalence and characteristic...

    Authors: Kristin J. Bondo, J. Scott Weese, Joyce Rouseau and Claire M. Jardine

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:254

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial use in livestock is one of the factors contributing to selection and spread of resistant microorganisms in the environment. National veterinary antimicrobial consumption monitoring programs are t...

    Authors: FJ Taverne, JH Jacobs, DJJ Heederik, JW Mouton, JA Wagenaar and IM van Geijlswijk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:250

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The intimate relationship between dogs and their owners has the potential to increase the risk of human exposure to bacterial pathogens. Over the past 40 years, there have been several reports on transmission ...

    Authors: Preena Lowden, Corrin Wallis, Nancy Gee and Anthony Hilton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:239

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Canine babesiosis is an emerging or re-emerging disease caused by Babesia and Theileria protozoans, also called piroplasms, transmitted by Ixodid ticks. In Europe, four etiological agents have been identified to ...

    Authors: Magalie René-Martellet, Claire Valiente Moro, Jeanne Chêne, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Luc Chabanne and Patrick Mavingui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:223

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Bovine brucellosis (BB) is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella abortus. BB is endemic in Argentina, where vaccination with Brucella abortus strain 19 is compulsory for 3-to-8 month-old heifers. The objectives o...

    Authors: M. N. Aznar, F. J. Linares, B. Cosentino, A. Sago, L. La Sala, E. León, S. Duffy and A. Perez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:209

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) has spread across Europe since mid-2011, causing unspecific and transitory symptoms in ruminants and congenital malformations in their offspring. Evidence for the impact of SBV on cat...

    Authors: Marica Toson, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Katia Capello, Laura Gagliazzo, Laura Bortolotti, Matteo Mazzucato, Stefano Marangon and Lebana Bonfanti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:193

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infections in cattle are generally challenging to detect and cost-effective test strategies are consequently difficult to identify. MA...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby, Kaare Græsbøll, Tariq Halasa, Nils Toft and Søren Saxmose Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:190

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a zoonosis of public health importance worldwide. In Tanzania, the disease is underreported due to insufficient awareness, inadequate diagnostic protocols, including lack of appropriate reagents...

    Authors: Justine A. Assenga, Lucas E. Matemba, Shabani K. Muller, Joseph J. Malakalinga and Rudovick R. Kazwala

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:189

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Students of veterinary medicine should achieve basic professional competences required to practise their profession. A main focus of veterinary education is on developing clinical skills.

    Authors: Tanja Rösch, Elisabeth Schaper, Andrea Tipold, Martin R Fischer, Marc Dilly and Jan P Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:969

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are important pathogens of worldwide distribution. N. caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle and dogs are main reservoirs because they excrete the environmentally re...

    Authors: Yurong Yang, Qiongfang Zhang, Yangguang Kong, Yuqing Ying, Oliver Hung Chun Kwok, Hongde Liang and Jitender Prakash Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:295

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection in Norwegian pigs was largely subclinical. This study tested the hypothesis that the infection causes negligible impact on pigs’ growth performance in terms of feed conve...

    Authors: Chiek Er, Bjørn Lium, Saraya Tavornpanich, Peer Ola Hofmo, Hilde Forberg, Anna Germundsson Hauge, Carl Andreas Grøntvedt, Tore Framstad and Edgar Brun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:284

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP) is an emerging disease in horses in Sweden, Norway and Finland since 1995. Affected horses show bilateral pelvic limb knuckling and weakness, sometimes progressing to recum...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Agneta Egenvall, Siv Hanche-Olsen and Gittan Gröndahl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:265

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a telephone survey in gaining an understanding of the possible herd and management factors influencing the performance (i.e. safety and eff...

    Authors: Heiko Nathues, Johanna Meyer-Hamme, Petra Maass, Ruediger Goessl, Wibke Stansen, Rolf Steens and Elisabeth grosse Beilage

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:260

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first detected in November 2011 in Germany and then rapidly spread throughout Europe. In beef suckler farms, clinical signs are mainly associated with reproductive disorders, part...

    Authors: Didier Raboisson, Agnès Waret-Szkuta, Jonathan Rushton, Barbara Häsler and Pablo Alarcon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:254

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Schmallenberg virus (SBV) emerged in Europe in 2011 and caused a widespread epidemic in ruminants.

    Authors: Morgane Dominguez, Kristel Gache, Anne Touratier, Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Alexandre Fediaevsky, Eric Collin, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Cyril Viarouge, Gina Zanella, Stephan Zientara, Pascal Hendrikx and Didier Calavas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:248

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP) is a disease of calves characterised by bone marrow trilineage hypoplasia, mediated by ingestion of alloantibodies in colostrum. Suspected subclinical forms of BNP have been ...

    Authors: Charlotte R Bell, Morag G Kerr, Philip R Scott, W Ivan Morrison and Helen Brown

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:245

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Concern has been raised regarding the potential contributions of veterinary antimicrobial use to increasing levels of resistance in bacteria critically important to human health. Canine pyoderma is a frequent,...

    Authors: Jennifer F Summers, Anke Hendricks and David C Brodbelt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:240

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Taenia solium is a zoonotic helminth with the potential to cause life threatening epilepsy in people through the aberrant larval infection of the brain called Neurocysticercosis (NCC). The pig is the intermediate...

    Authors: Zachary Nsadha, Lian F Thomas, Eric M Févre, George Nasinyama, Lonzy Ojok and Charles Waiswa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:239

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Toxoplasma gondii in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) is of epidemiological importance because of the risk for transmission to humans. We sought to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infect...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Dora Romero-Salas, Zeferino García-Vázquez, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Álvaro Peniche-Cardeña, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, Mariel Aguilar-Domínguez, Adalberto A Pérez-de-León and Jitender P Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:232

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Veterinary infection control for the management of Hendra virus (HeV), an emerging zoonosis in Australia, remained suboptimal until 2010 despite 71.4% (5/7) of humans infected with HeV being veterinary personn...

    Authors: Diana H Mendez, Jenny Kelly, Petra Buttner, Madeleine Nowak and Rick Speare

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:215

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Layer chickens are exposed to high risks of production losses and mortality with impact on farm profitability. The harsh tropical climate and severe disease outbreaks, poor biosecurity, sub-minimal vaccination...

    Authors: Aminu Shittu, Abdullahi Abdullahi Raji, Shuaibu A Madugu, Akinola Waheed Hassan and Folorunso Oludayo Fasina

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:214

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In 2013, a novel H7N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) was isolated from ill humans in Shanghai and Anhui Province, China. Since then, the virus has spread quickly throughout China. Previous isolation of H7N2 virus...

    Authors: Pei Zhou, Malin Hong, Mary M Merrill, Huamei He, Lingshuang Sun and Guihong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:203

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Little is known concerning the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs in Mexico. Here, we investigated antibodies to T. gondii and associated risk factors in 101 dogs from an animal shelter in Veracruz...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Dora Romero-Salas, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Zeferino García-Vázquez, Álvaro Peniche-Cardeña, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, Concepción Ahuja-Aguirre, Adalberto A Pérez-de-León and Jitender P Dubey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:191

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The success of tracing cattle to the herd of origin after the detection and confirmation of bovine tuberculosis (TB) lesions in cattle at slaughter is a critical component of the national bovine TB eradication...

    Authors: Heather M Humphrey, Kathleen A Orloski and Francisco J Olea-Popelka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:182

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has become a worldwide endemic disease of pigs. In 2006, an atypical and more virulent PRRS (HP-PRRS) emerged in China and spread to many countries, includi...

    Authors: Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Catherine Linard, Nutavadee Pamaranon, Sarayuth Kawkalong, Tanom Noimoh, Karoon Chanachai, Tippawon Parakgamawongsa and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:174

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Environmental contamination by pharmaceuticals is a public health concern: drugs administered to humans and animals are excreted with urine or faeces and attend the sewage treatment. The main consequences of u...

    Authors: Giorgio Smaldone, Raffaele Marrone, Silvia Cappiello, Giuseppe A Martin, Gaetano Oliva, Maria L Cortesi and Aniello Anastasio

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:161

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiology of New Neonatal Porcine Diarrhoea Syndrome (NNPDS) was studied in four selected herds. A total of 941 new born piglets in 86 litters were evaluated for five consecutive days. NNPDS is a newly ...

    Authors: Hanne Kongsted, Nils Toft and Jens Peter Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:151

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The recent occurrence and spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Eastern Europe is perceived as a serious risk for the pig industry in the European Union (EU). In order to estimate the potential risk of ASF vi...

    Authors: Lina Mur, Beatriz Martínez-López, Solenne Costard, Ana de la Torre, Bryony A Jones, Marta Martínez, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, María Jesús Muñoz, Dirk U Pfeiffer, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:145

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) infects a number of flying fox and insectivorous bats species in Australia. Human infection with ABLV is inevitably fatal unless prior vaccination and/or post-exposure treatmen...

    Authors: Emma K Quinn, Peter D Massey, Keren Cox-Witton, Beverley J Paterson, Keith Eastwood and David N Durrheim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:144

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The impact of non-commercial producers on disease spread via livestock movement is related to their level of interaction with other commercial actors within the industry. Although understanding these relations...

    Authors: Thibaud Porphyre, Lisa A Boden, Carla Correia-Gomes, Harriet K Auty, George J Gunn and Mark EJ Woolhouse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:140

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies investigating long-distance, wind-borne dispersal of Culicoides have utilised outbreaks of clinical disease (passive surveillance) to assess the relationship between incursion and dispersal event...

    Authors: Debbie Eagles, Lorna Melville, Richard Weir, Steven Davis, Glenn Bellis, Myron P Zalucki, Peter J Walker and Peter A Durr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:135

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have been conducted to define risk factors for the transmission of bovine paratuberculosis, mostly in countries with large herds. Little is known about the epidemiology in infected Swiss herds and...

    Authors: Rahel Künzler, Paul Torgerson, Selina Keller, Max Wittenbrink, Roger Stephan, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Beat Berchtold and Mireille Meylan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:132

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The south of Chile constitutes the main cattle milk producing area of the country. Regarding leptospirosis control in Chile, there is neither an official program nor an epidemiological characterization of smal...

    Authors: Miguel Salgado, Barbara Otto, Errol Sandoval, German Reinhardt and Sofia Boqvist

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:126

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) are one of the main constraints to ruminant production worldwide. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) has been reported in goats throughout Europe, yet little is known about the AR s...

    Authors: Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Annarita Di Cerbo, Marian Varady and Maria Teresa Manfredi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:114

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Transmission models can aid understanding of disease dynamics and are useful in testing the efficiency of control measures. The aim of this study was to formulate an appropriate stochastic Susceptible-Infectio...

    Authors: Carla Correia-Gomes, Theodoros Economou, Trevor Bailey, Pavel Brazdil, Lis Alban and João Niza-Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:101

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Porcine proliferative enteropathy caused by Lawsonia intracellularis (L. intracellularis) is a major concern to the pig industry worldwide. Although 8.3 billion pigs are produced each year in China, few reports o...

    Authors: Zongxue Wu, Yong Ling, Deyu Tian, Qing Pan, Peter M H Heegaard and Cheng He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:100

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  45. Content type: Methodology article

    European and national administrative legislation require objective evaluation systems for organ lesions at pig slaughter. These results can be used as basis for herd health improvement programs by farmers and ...

    Authors: Thorsten Steinmann, Thomas Blaha and Diana Meemken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:98

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Bluetongue virus causes febrile disease in sheep and a fatal hemorrhagic infection in North American White-tailed deer. However, in cattle the disease is typically asymptomatic and no clinical overt disease is...

    Authors: Ibrahim A Adam, Mohamed A Abdalla, Mohamed EH Mohamed and Imadeldin E Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:94

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Since 2005, France has been officially free of brucellosis, an infectious disease that causes abortion in cattle and can be transmitted from cattle to humans. Recent animal and human cases have drawn attention...

    Authors: Anne Bronner, Viviane Hénaux, Nicolas Fortané, Pascal Hendrikx and Didier Calavas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:93

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The increasing global importance of Rift Valley fever (RVF) is clearly demonstrated by its geographical expansion. The presence of a wide range of host and vector species, and the epidemiological characteristi...

    Authors: Antonello Di Nardo, Davide Rossi, Saleh M Lamin Saleh, Saleh M Lejlifa, Sidumu J Hamdi, Annapia Di Gennaro, Giovanni Savini and Michael V Thrusfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:92

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is an acute septicaemic disease of buffalo and cattle caused by Pasteurella multocida B:2 and E:2. Field outbreaks of HS are known to result in localisation of bacteria in the tonsil...

    Authors: Salleh Annas, Mohammad Zamri-Saad, Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse and Zakaria Zunita

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:88

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  50. Content type: Research article

    The spread of PRRSV among pig herds has been investigated experimentally, but few observational studies have investigated this subject. Because PRRSV is endemic and live modified vaccines are used in Ontario, ...

    Authors: Thomas Rosendal, Cate Dewey, Robert Friendship, Sarah Wootton, Beth Young and Zvonimir Poljak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:83

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