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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Prof. Laura Rinaldi and Prof. Michael Tildesley 

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The need for wildlife health surveillance as part of disease control in wildlife, domestic animals and humans on the global level is widely recognized. However, the objectives, methods and intensity of existin...

    Authors: Jana Sonnenburg, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Thijs Kuiken, Ezio Ferroglio, Rainer G. Ulrich, Franz J. Conraths, Christian Gortázar and Christoph Staubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:53

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Rhodococcus equi is one of the most significant bacterial pathogens affecting foals up to 6 months of age worldwide. Rhodococcosis is present in Poland however information about molecu...

    Authors: Lucjan Witkowski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Shinji Takai, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Małgorzata Feret, Marta Gawryś, Maciej Witkowski and Jerzy Kita

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:35

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In the last years the knowledges on Mediterranean Buffalo (MB) mastitis is remarkably improving, nevertheless the attention has been never focused on vaccination as preventive strategy for the control of masti...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Antonella Pesce, Massimo Pascale, Caterina Salzano, Gianni Tedeschi, Luigi D’Andrea, Angela De Rosa and Paolo Ciaramella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:29

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The United States swine industry was first confronted with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in 2013. In young pigs, the virus is highly pathogenic and the associated morbidity and mortality has a signifi...

    Authors: Amy L. Greer, Kelsey Spence and Emma Gardner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:8

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Non-invasive sampling techniques based on the analysis of oral fluid specimen have gained substantial importance in the field of swine herd management. Methodological advances have a focus on endemic viral dis...

    Authors: Klaas Dietze, Anna Tucakov, Tatjana Engel, Sabine Wirtz, Klaus Depner, Anja Globig, Robert Kammerer and Susan Mouchantat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:5

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    Tuberculosis is a major health concern in not only humans, but also in non-human primates. In this paper, we report recent cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cynomolgus monkeys from Cambodia used in transplan...

    Authors: Eun Wha Choi, Kyo Won Lee, Tae Min Kim, Hyojun Park, Mi Ri Jeon, Chan Woo Cho, Jae Berm Park and Sungjoo Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:289

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    In an era of ubiquitous electronic collection of animal health data, multivariate surveillance systems (which concurrently monitor several data streams) should have a greater probability of detecting disease e...

    Authors: Flavie Vial, Wei Wei and Leonhard Held

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:288

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  8. Content type: Research article

    T.gondii is a global zoonotic disease and is considered as the most neglected tropical disease in sub-Saharan countries. The exact seroepidemiological distribution and risk factors for...

    Authors: Dechassa Tegegne, Amin kelifa, Mukarim Abdurahaman and Moti Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:280

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance in dairy industry worldwide. It is of particular concern in developing countries like Ethiopia, where milk and milk products are scarce. The objectives of the...

    Authors: Rahmeto Abebe, Hagere Hatiya, Mesele Abera, Bekele Megersa and Kassahun Asmare

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:270

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  10. Content type: Research article

    From 2014 to 2015 in China, many broiler breeder and layer hen flocks exhibited a decrease in egg production and some chickens developed hepatitis syndrome including hepatomegaly, hepatic necrosis and hemorrha...

    Authors: Yani Sun, Taofeng Du, Baoyuan Liu, Shahid Faraz Syed, Yiyang Chen, Huixia Li, Xinjie Wang, Gaiping Zhang, En-Min Zhou and Qin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:261

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  11. Content type: Methodology article

    Data extracted from electronic patient records (EPRs) within practice management software systems are increasingly used in veterinary research. The use of real patient data gives the potential to generate rese...

    Authors: Julie S. Jones-Diette, Marnie L. Brennan, Malcolm Cobb, Hannah Doit and Rachel S. Dean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:239

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Feline morbillivirus (FmoPV) is a novel paramyxovirus found to infect domestic cats. FmoPV has been isolated in several countries in Asia and Europe and is considered to have genetic diversity. Also, it is sus...

    Authors: Eun-Sil Park, Michio Suzuki, Masanobu Kimura, Hiroshi Mizutani, Ryuichi Saito, Nami Kubota, Youko Hasuike, Jungo Okajima, Hidemi Kasai, Yuko Sato, Noriko Nakajima, Keiji Maruyama, Koichi Imaoka and Shigeru Morikawa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:228

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Various information about the genetic diversity of Escherichia coli isolates from chickens are available but a detailed epidemiological investigation based upon isolates obtained from interrelated pullet and laye...

    Authors: Surya Paudel, Beatrix Stessl, Claudia Hess, Angelika Zloch and Michael Hess

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:221

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Several research groups from different European countries have worked on the aetiopathogenesis of bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) and an association between the use of the vaccine PregSure BVD (Pfizer, Germ...

    Authors: Frederike Reichmann, Annette Pfitzner, Guenter Rademacher, Elke Schwedinger, Klaus Cussler and Carola M. Sauter-Louis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:220

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sub-optimal performance of the animal health delivery system in rural areas is common in developing countries including Tanzania. However, penetration of mobile phones and availability of good road network and...

    Authors: Esron D. Karimuribo, Emmanuel K. Batamuzi, Lucas B. Massawe, Richard S. Silayo, Frederick O. K. Mgongo, Elikira Kimbita and Raphael M. Wambura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:219

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The study’s objective was to evaluate the ability of fecal culture (FCUL) and fecal PCR (FPCR) to identify dairy goat and dairy sheep shedding Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis. A cross-sectional study of...

    Authors: Cathy A. Bauman, Andria Jones-Bitton, Jocelyn Jansen, David Kelton and Paula Menzies

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:212

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies confirmed that classical scrapie can be transmitted via milk in sheep. The current study aimed to investigate whether scrapie can also be transmitted via goat milk using in vivo (new-born lamb...

    Authors: Timm Konold, Leigh Thorne, Hugh A. Simmons, Steve A. C. Hawkins, Marion M. Simmons and Lorenzo González

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:208

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Animal reservoirs of brucellosis constitute an ongoing threat to human health globally, with foodborne, occupational and recreational exposures creating opportunities for transmission. In Australia and the Uni...

    Authors: Siobhan M. Mor, Anke K. Wiethoelter, Amanda Lee, Barbara Moloney, Daniel R. James and Richard Malik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:199

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance measures can only be effective if key players in the system accept them. Acceptability, which describes the willingness of persons to contribute, is often analyzed using participatory methods. Par...

    Authors: Katja Schulz, Clémentine Calba, Marisa Peyre, Christoph Staubach and Franz J. Conraths

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:187

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) in farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) is challenging and might require combining cellular and humoral diagnostic tests. Repeated skin-testing with mycobacterial purified protein derivat...

    Authors: Azlan Che-Amat, Maria Ángeles Risalde, David González-Barrio, Jose Antonio Ortíz and Christian Gortázar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:184

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  21. Content type: Research article

    This paper examines the use of Bulk Milk antibody (BM Ab), Youngstock (YS) serology (Check Tests) and Bulk Milk PCR (BM PCR) for determining the presence or absence of animals persistently infected (PI) with B...

    Authors: Richard E. Booth and Joe Brownlie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:177

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a contagious, fatal prion disease affecting cervids in a growing number of regions across North America. Projected deer population declines and concern about potential spread o...

    Authors: F. D. Uehlinger, A. C. Johnston, T. K. Bollinger and C. L. Waldner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:173

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a contagious, debilitating human and animal disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis, a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The study objective were to estimate the frequen...

    Authors: Mamadou Diallo, Bassirou Diarra, Moumine Sanogo, Antieme C. G. Togo, Anou M. Somboro, Mariam H. Diallo, Bréhima Traoré, Mamoudou Maiga, Younoussa Koné, Karim Tounkara, Yeya dit Sadio Sarro, Bocar Baya, Drissa Goita, Hamadoun Kassambara, Bindongo P. P. Dembélé, Sophia Siddiqui…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:145

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The temporal sensitivity of the surveillance system (TemSSe) for Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) in Danish dairy herds was evaluated. Currently, the Danish antibody blocking ELISA is used to test quarterly bulk ta...

    Authors: Alessandro Foddai, Anders Stockmarr and Anette Boklund

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:118

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Lameness represents the third most important health-related cause of economic loss in the dairy industry after fertility and mastitis. Although, dairy Mediterranean Buffaloes (MB) and dairy cows share similar ...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Christian Carcasole, Maher Alsaaod, Luigi D’Andrea, Antonio Di Loria, Angela De Rosa, Paolo Ciaramella and Adrian Steiner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:107

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Within the last few decades Culicoides spp. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) emerged Europe-wide as a major vector for epizootic viral diseases e.g. caused by Bluetongue (BT) or Schmallenberg virus. In accordance with ...

    Authors: Katharina Brugger, Josef Köfer and Franz Rubel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:88

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in dairy cattle in the three major milk producing regions of Eritrea was assessed by subjecting 15,354 dairy cattle, 50 % of Eritrea’s dairy cattle population, to th...

    Authors: Michael K. Ghebremariam, V. P. M. G Rutten, J. C. M. Vernooij, K. Uqbazghi, T. Tesfaalem, T. Butsuamlak, A. M. Idris, M. Nielen and A. L. Michel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:80

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Hantavirus is a tripartite negative-sense RNA virus. It can infect humans through contaminated rodent excreta and causes two types of fatal human diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hant...

    Authors: Suya Cao, Jian Ma, Cheng Cheng, Wendong Ju and Yulong Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:69

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) is a febrile disease of cattle that is transmitted by arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes and Culicoides biting midges. An outbreak of BEF recently occurred in Ishigaki Island and su...

    Authors: Yoko Hayama, Sachiko Moriguchi, Tohru Yanase, Moemi Suzuki, Tsuyoshi Niwa, Kazufumi Ikemiyagi, Yoshiki Nitta, Takehisa Yamamoto, Sota Kobayashi, Kiyokazu Murai and Toshiyuki Tsutsui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:47

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) has been associated with reductions in milk production in dairy cows and sub optimal fertility. The aim of this study was to highlight the prod...

    Authors: A. E. Kennedy, N. Byrne, A. B. Garcia, J. O’Mahony and R. G. Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:43

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Individual animal-level reporting of cattle movements between agricultural holdings is in place in Scotland, and the resulting detailed movement data are used to inform epidemiological models and intervention....

    Authors: Jessica Enright and Rowland R Kao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:37

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis in mammals, which has a broad geographical distribution and a high degree of clinical diversity. Currently, ...

    Authors: Jifei Yang, Zhijie Liu, Qingli Niu, Junlong Liu, Jingying Xie, Qiuyu Chen, Ze Chen, Guiquan Guan, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:35

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to direct detect Mycobacterium bovis in milk (n = 401) and blood (n = 401) samples collected from 401 dairy cows of 20 properties located in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, by real-time q...

    Authors: Renata Duarte da Silva Cezar, Norma Lucena-Silva, Antônio Fernando Barbosa Batista Filho, Jonas de Melo Borges, Pollyane Raysa Fernandes de Oliveira, Érica Chaves Lúcio, Maíra Arruda-Lima, Vania Lucia de Assis Santana and José Wilton Pinheiro Junior

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:31

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  34. Content type: Methodology article

    The DOGRISK questionnaire is an internet-based ongoing study of canine nutrition, living environment, and disease. Here we aim to assess the performance of the questionnaire using data from the first three yea...

    Authors: Johanna Roine, Liisa Uusitalo and Anna Hielm-Björkman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:30

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Euthanasia of pets has been described by veterinarians as “the best and the worst” of the profession. The most commonly mentioned ethical dilemmas veterinarians face in small animal practice are: limited treat...

    Authors: Sonja Hartnack, Svenja Springer, Marta Pittavino and Herwig Grimm

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:26

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidiosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium spp. that can affect domestic animal and human populations. In newborn ruminants, cryptosporidiosis is characterized by out...

    Authors: Dora Romero-Salas, Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Anabel Cruz-Romero, Mariel Aguilar-Domínguez, Nelly Ibarra-Priego, José O. Merino-Charrez, Adalberto A. Pérez de León and Jesús Hernández-Tinoco

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:14

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  37. Content type: Research article

    African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most complex viral diseases affecting both domestic and wild pigs. It is caused by ASF virus (ASFV), the only DNA virus which can be efficiently transmitted by an arthro...

    Authors: Jana Pietschmann, Lina Mur, Sandra Blome, Martin Beer, Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez, Ana Oleaga and José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:1

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Lawsonia intracellularis is the etiologic agent of proliferative enteropathy, which causes diarrhea in several animal species, including swine. Serology can be used both to determine t...

    Authors: Talita Pilar Resende, Carlos Eduardo Real Pereira, Michelle de Paula Gabardo, João Paulo Amaral Haddad, Zélia Inês Portela Lobato and Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:306

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has been a cause for great concern to the Danish pig industry since it was first diagnosed in 1992. The causative agent of PRRS is an RNA virus which is div...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Lopes Antunes, Tariq Halasa, Klara Tølbøl Lauritsen, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Lars Erik Larsen and Nils Toft

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:303

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Heat stress is a physiological response to extreme environmental heat such as heat waves. Heat stress can result in mortality in dairy cows when extreme heat is both rapidly changing and has a long duration. A...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Olaf Berke, David L. Pearl, Karen Hand and David F. Kelton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:291

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Predicting the ability of rams to detect, mate and fertilise ewes in oestrus accurately is certainly difficult; however, tests based on clinical examinations have been performed to assess the overall potential...

    Authors: René Mozo, Ana Isabel Galeote, José Luis Alabart, Enrique Fantova and José Folch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:289

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are increasingly reared in rural areas of Cameroon for meat and income generation. Unfortunately, health constraints due to various pathogens including parasites stand as one of ...

    Authors: Marc K. Kouam, Felix Meutchieye, Terence T. Nguafack, Emile Miegoué, Joseph Tchoumboué and Georgios Theodoropoulos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:288

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas), bacteria belonging to the class Mollicutes, are obligatory red blood cell pathogens of a variety of animal species. They may cause acute anemia that is life-threatening or...

    Authors: Francisco de Oliveira Conrado, Naíla Cannes do Nascimento, Andrea Pires dos Santos, Cristina Kraemer Zimpel, Joanne Belle Messick and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:286

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In parallel to the increase of wild boar abundance in the past decades, an increase of exposure to the Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) has been reported in wild boar in several parts of Europe. Since high anima...

    Authors: Roman Kaspar Meier, Francisco Ruiz-Fons and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:277

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis is an emerging zoonosis and its geographic distribution is restricted to tropical and temperate regions. Most of the individuals infected in Latin America are in Brazil. Despite the cont...

    Authors: Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D’Andrea, Elivelton da Silva Fonseca, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Raul Borges Guimarães, Renata Corrêa Yamashita, Célio Nereu Soares, Roberto Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto and José Eduardo Tolezano

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:273

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first identified in November 2011. It is a novel Orthobunyavirus (family Bunyaviridae) whose main ill effect is congenital malformation of the musculoskeletal and central nervous sys...

    Authors: D. Barrett, S. J. More, R. O’Neill, B. Bradshaw, M. Casey, M. Keane, G. McGrath and D. Sammin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:267

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Livestock trypanosomiasis, transmitted mainly by tsetse flies of the genus Glossina is a major constraint to livestock health and productivity in the sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the prevalence and intensity ...

    Authors: Harriet Angwech, Jack H. P. Nyeko, Elizabeth A. Opiyo, Joseph Okello-Onen, Robert Opiro, Richard Echodu, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Moses N. Njahira and Robert A. Skilton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:255

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile is an important enteropathogen affecting humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. The objectives of this study were to 1) compare the prevalence and characteristic...

    Authors: Kristin J. Bondo, J. Scott Weese, Joyce Rouseau and Claire M. Jardine

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:254

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial use in livestock is one of the factors contributing to selection and spread of resistant microorganisms in the environment. National veterinary antimicrobial consumption monitoring programs are t...

    Authors: FJ Taverne, JH Jacobs, DJJ Heederik, JW Mouton, JA Wagenaar and IM van Geijlswijk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:250

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