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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Although the poultry sector accounts for a major portion of global antimicrobial consumption, few studies have explored the factors which influence antimicrobial use (AMU) in poultry farms in Europe. We perfor...

    Authors: Cécile J. M. Adam, Nicolas Fortané, Alexandra Coviglio, Léa Delesalle, Christian Ducrot and Mathilde C. Paul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:219

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock is a debated topic, mainly due to the risk of associated development of antimicrobial resistance. There is focus on reducing AMU in the Danish pig production, which account...

    Authors: Amanda Brinch Kruse, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Ulrik Lavlund and Helle Stege

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:218

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Multi-drug resistant bacteria are seen increasingly and there are gaps in our understanding of the complexity of antimicrobial resistance, partially due to a lack of appropriate statistical tools. This hampers...

    Authors: Sonja Hartnack, Terence Odoch, Gilles Kratzer, Reinhard Furrer, Yngvild Wasteson, Trine M. L’Abée-Lund and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:212

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Infectious diseases are an important role obstacle to high productivity in Ugandan cattle production. General disease prevention is particularly important in low-income countries, where veterinary services and...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Salvatory Abigaba and Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:208

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Antimicrobials are used by poultry farmers in Vietnam as a tool to treat and prevent infectious diseases. We aimed to determine the fraction of disease episodes likely to remain untreated due to the administra...

    Authors: Marc Choisy, Nguyen Van Cuong, Truong Dinh Bao, Bach Tuan Kiet, Bo Ve Hien, Ho Viet Thu, Niwat Chansiripornchai, Erry Setyawan, Guy Thwaites, Jonathan Rushton and Juan Carrique-Mas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:206

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Poultry farming is widely practiced by rural households in Vietnam and the vast majority of domestic birds are kept on small household farms. However, smallholder poultry production is constrained by several i...

    Authors: Alexis Delabouglise, Benjamin Nguyen-Van-Yen, Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Huynh Thi Ai Xuyen, Phung Ngoc Tuyet, Ha Minh Lam and Maciej F. Boni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:205

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) is an emerging etiological agent to the swine industry. However, its circulating status and genetic characteristics were still unclear in Henan, central China. Here, 318 porcine ora...

    Authors: Zhenhua Guo, Xiang Li, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:200

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Paratuberculosis, a chronic disease affecting ruminant livestock, is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). It has direct and indirect economic costs, impacts animal welfare and arouses publ...

    Authors: Richard Whittington, Karsten Donat, Maarten F. Weber, David Kelton, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Suzanne Eisenberg, Norma Arrigoni, Ramon Juste, Jose Luis Sáez, Navneet Dhand, Annalisa Santi, Anita Michel, Herman Barkema, Petr Kralik, Polychronis Kostoulas, Lorna Citer…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:198

    Content type: Review

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  9. Determining the infectious cause of abortion in cattle is difficult. This case-control study was set up to investigate the infectious causes of abortion by determining the seroprevalence of three reproductive ...

    Authors: Darwin Changoluisa, Ismar A. Rivera-Olivero, Gustavo Echeverria, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain and Jacobus H. de Waard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:194

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Measuring the size of free roaming dog populations quickly and accurately is critical in the implementation of numerous preventive health and population control interventions. However, few studies have investi...

    Authors: N. V. Meunier, A. D. Gibson, J. Corfmat, S. Mazeri, I. G. Handel, L. Gamble, B Mde C Bronsvoort and R. J. Mellanby

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:190

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) causes enzootic bovine leukosis in cattle and leads to heavy economic losses in the husbandry industry. Heilongjiang Province, China, is rich in dairy cattle. However, its current B...

    Authors: Changqing Yu, Xuefeng Wang, Yulong Zhou, Yu Wang, Xianfeng Zhang and Yonghui Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:179

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically significant pathogens in the Chinese swine industry. ORF5 and nsp2 are highly variable regions of the PRRSV genome. T...

    Authors: Shaofeng Hong, Ying Wei, Siyuan Lin, Jiabing Huang, Wei He, Jing Yao, Ying Chen, Ouyang Kang, Weijian Huang and Zuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:171

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Evidence-based comparison of the disorder-specific welfare burdens of major canine conditions could better inform targeting of stakeholder resources, to maximise improvement of health-related welfare in UK dog...

    Authors: Jennifer F. Summers, Dan G. O’Neill, David Church, Lisa Collins, David Sargan and David C. Brodbelt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:163

    Content type: Research article

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  14. African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating infectious disease of pigs. ASF poses a potential threat to the world pig industry, due to the lack of vaccines and treatments. In this study, the Geographic Informat...

    Authors: Yi Lu, Xiaojun Deng, Jiahui Chen, Jianying Wang, Qin Chen and Bing Niu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:160

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) screening tests including a single intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test, interferon gamma (IFN-γ...

    Authors: Tawatchai Singhla, Sukolrat Boonyayatra, Songkhla Chulakasian, Mintra Lukkana, Julio Alvarez, Srinand Sreevatsan and Scott J. Wells

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:149

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease that affects several species and has zoonotic potential. Due to its associated health and economic repercussions, minimizing AI outbreaks is important. Howev...

    Authors: Amos Ssematimba, Kaitlyn M. St. Charles, Peter J. Bonney, Sasidhar Malladi, Marie Culhane, Timothy J. Goldsmith, David A. Halvorson and Carol J. Cardona

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:147

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a major threat to the swine industry. It is caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV). Determination and comparison of the nucleotide sequences of PRRSV strains p...

    Authors: Marie-Ève Lambert, Julie Arsenault, Benjamin Delisle, Pascal Audet, Zvonimir Poljak and Sylvie D’Allaire

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:135

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of bacterial pathogens is an emerging public health threat. This threat extends to pets as it also compromises our ability to treat their infections. Surveillance programs in the...

    Authors: Olgica Ceric, Gregory H. Tyson, Laura B. Goodman, Patrick K. Mitchell, Yan Zhang, Melanie Prarat, Jing Cui, Laura Peak, Joy Scaria, Linto Antony, Milton Thomas, Sarah M. Nemser, Renee Anderson, Anil J. Thachil, Rebecca J. Franklin-Guild, Durda Slavic…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:130

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular zoonotic parasite, infects all mammalian and birds. Understanding the prevalence of Toxoplasma in bird is important for evaluating the transmission of this parasite. No informa...

    Authors: Si-Yang Huang, Yi-Min Fan, Kai Chen, Qiu-Xia Yao and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:129

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is considered the most important infectious cause of lameness in dairy cattle worldwide, but has only recently been observed in New Zealand. Although many studies have investiga...

    Authors: Dan Aaron Yang, M. Carolyn Gates, Kristina R. Müller and Richard A. Laven

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:125

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Porcine circovirus 2-associated disease (PCVAD) is acknowledged as one of the most economically important diseases for the swine industry worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize and determine the ...

    Authors: Jing Yao, Yanran Qin, Yue Zeng, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen, Weijian Huang and Zuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:118

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a common pathogen causing respiratory disease in cattle and a significant contributor to the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. BRSV is widely distributed ar...

    Authors: Zhankui Liu, Jianyou Li, Zeyu Liu, Jiawei Li, Zhijie Li, Chao Wang, Jianke Wang and Li Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:110

    Content type: Methodology article

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  23. This study aimed to examine the prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from broiler chickens in Kagoshima, Japan. A total of 192 flocks and 3071 samples were collected from broi...

    Authors: Vu Minh Duc, Yuko Nakamoto, Ayaka Fujiwara, Hajime Toyofuku, Takeshi Obi and Takehisa Chuma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:108

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a major emerging virus of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), which has brought huge economic losses to the global pig industry. Pigs are well known as the natura...

    Authors: Tao Song, Jianxiang Hao, Ran Zhang, Menghu Tang, Wenao Li, Weirong Hui, Qiyuan Fu, Chunfang Wang, Shuyang Xin, Shoucong Zhang, Ping Rui, Hai Ren and Zengjun Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:107

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a severe, highly infectious and fatal viral disease of small ruminants. Four lineages of PPR virus have been identified globally based on sequence analysis of the nucleoprot...

    Authors: Biruk Alemu, Getachew Gari, Geneviève Libeau, Olivier Kwiatek, Menbere Kidane, Rediet Belayneh, Bewuket Siraw, Barbara Wieland, Wondwoson Asfaw and Reta D. Abdi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:84

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bovine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes substantial economic losses and has a strong impact on public health. The main objective of this paper is to determine the risk factors for new infections of B...

    Authors: Liliana Cárdenas, Mario Peña, Oscar Melo and Jordi Casal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:81

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Thailand’s Central Plain is identified as a contact zone between pigs and flying foxes, representing a potential zoonotic risk. Nipah virus (NiV) has been reported in flying foxes in Thailand, but it has never...

    Authors: Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Mathilde C. Paul, Anuwat Wiratsudakul, Vilaiporn Wongphruksasoong, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Kachen Wongsathapornchai, Sudarat Damrongwatanapokin, Daniel Schar and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:73

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Serum antibody detection has potential as a complementary diagnostic tool in animal tuberculosis (TB) control, particularly in multi-host systems. The objective of the present study was to assess the specifici...

    Authors: J. A. Infantes-Lorenzo, I. Moreno, A. Roy, M. A. Risalde, A. Balseiro, L. de Juan, B. Romero, J. Bezos, E. Puentes, J. Åkerstedt, G. T. Tessema, C. Gortázar, L. Domínguez and M. Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:70

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Influenza A virus (IAV) is an important pathogen in pigs that affects productivity and has important public health implications because of its zoonotic nature. Surveillance is central to the control of influen...

    Authors: Jorge Garrido-Mantilla, Julio Alvarez, Marie Culhane, Jayaveeramuthu Nirmala, Jean Paul Cano and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:61

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Equine laminitis is a complex disease that manifests as pain and lameness in the feet, often with debilitating consequences. There is a paucity of data that accounts for the multifactorial nature of laminitis ...

    Authors: D. Pollard, C. E. Wylie, K. L. P. Verheyen and J. R. Newton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the greatest disease threats to animal husbandry worldwide. Though various vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been developed, vaccine effectiveness...

    Authors: Rui Zhao, Xiangyu Meng, Guiyan Jia, Yongzhong Yu and Bocui Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In recent years, there has been an increased awareness of antimicrobial resistance in both animals and humans, which has triggered concerns over non-judicious antimicrobial use. In the United States, antimicro...

    Authors: John E. Ekakoro, Marc Caldwell, Elizabeth B. Strand and Chika C. Okafor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:16

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Urban rodents and house shrews are closely correlated in terms of location with humans and can transmit many pathogens to them. Hepatitis E has been confirmed to be a zoonotic disease. However, the zoonotic po...

    Authors: Wenqiao He, Yuqi Wen, Yiquan Xiong, Minyi Zhang, Mingji Cheng and Qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:414

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Antimicrobials and anthelmintics are the most commonly used veterinary drugs to control animal diseases. However, widespread use of these drugs could contribute to the emergence of drug resistance. Information...

    Authors: Takele Beyene Tufa, Feraol Gurmu, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Henk Hogeveen, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Dinka Ayana, Fanos Tadesse Woldemariyam, Eyerusalem Hailemariam, Fanta Desissa Gutema and J. A. Stegeman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:409

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Bovine brucellosis is considered as an important disease among livestock and people in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017 to ...

    Authors: Bedaso Mammo Edao, Gizachew Hailegebreal, Stefan Berg, Aboma Zewude, Yemiserach Zeleke, Teshale Sori, Gizat Almaw, Adrian M. Whatmore, Gobena Ameni and James L. N. Wood

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:396

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Brucellosis remains one of the most common zoonotic diseases globally, with more than half million human cases reported annually. Brucellosis is an emerging and re-emerging disease in China since the 1990s. An...

    Authors: Xuhua Ran, Xiaohong Chen, Miaomiao Wang, Jiajia Cheng, Hongbo Ni, Xiao-Xuan Zhang and Xiaobo Wen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:393

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:18

  37. New epidemiological data on bacterial and parasitic infections in 24 Italian wall lizards, namely Podarcis sicula (mainland population) and P. sicula klemmerii (insular population) in southern Italy were provided...

    Authors: Ludovico Dipineto, Pasquale Raia, Lorena Varriale, Luca Borrelli, Vittorio Botta, Carmela Serio, Michele Capasso and Laura Rinaldi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:392

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Sensitivity analysis is an essential step in mathematical modeling because it identifies parameters with a strong influence on model output, due to natural variation or uncertainty in the parameter values. Rec...

    Authors: Casey L. Cazer, Victoriya V. Volkova and Yrjö T. Gröhn

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:355

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. This was a panel study of the prevalence of C. burnetii infection in does in an endemic dairy goat enterprise in Victoria, Australia. Our first objective was to determine the prevalence of does shedding C. burnet...

    Authors: José T. Canevari, Simon M. Firestone, Gemma Vincent, Angus Campbell, Tabita Tan, Michael Muleme, Alexander W. N. Cameron and Mark A. Stevenson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:353

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Asian Openbills, Anastomus oscitans, have long been known to migrate from South to Southeast Asia for breeding and nesting. In Thailand, the first outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) infecti...

    Authors: Parntep Ratanakorn, Sarin Suwanpakdee, Witthawat Wiriyarat, Krairat Eiamampai, Kridsada Chaichoune, Anuwat Wiratsudakul, Ladawan Sariya and Pilaipan Puthavathana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:349

    Content type: Research article

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  41. More information on brucellosis epidemiology in Bactrian camels is needed due to their growing economic and livelihood importance for herders and renewed efforts in Mongolia to eliminate brucellosis through ma...

    Authors: Chimedtseren Bayasgalan, Tungalag Chultemdorj, Felix Roth, Jakob Zinsstag, Jan Hattendorf, Battsetseg Badmaa, Bayanzul Argamjav and Esther Schelling

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:342

    Content type: Research article

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  42. India has the largest Buffalo population in the world, with every household in rural India owning buffaloes depending upon daily milk requirement – dairy farmers can own between 10 to 70 buffaloes. The health ...

    Authors: Nimita Kant, Parul Kulshreshtha, Rashmi Singh, Anuradha Mal, Amita Dwivedi, Riya Ahuja, Rinkle Mehra, Mohit Tehlan, Paritosh Ahmed, Shilpa Kaushik, Shipra, Shashikant Kumar, Aas Mohammad, Shrikrishn Shukla, Damini Singh and Rakesh Bhatnagar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:329

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for large numbers of hospital-related and community-acquired infections. In this study, we investigated the presence of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in...

    Authors: M. M. Rahman, K. B. Amin, S. M. M. Rahman, A. Khair, M. Rahman, A. Hossain, A. K. M. A. Rahman, M. S. Parvez, N. Miura and M. M. Alam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:300

    Content type: Research article

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  44. A rising isolation trend of drug-resistant M. bovis from human clinical cases is documented in the literature. Here we assessed Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates from cattle for drug susceptibility by t...

    Authors: Saif Eddine Djemal, Cristina Camperio, Federica Armas, Mariam Siala, Salma Smaoui, Feriele Messadi-Akrout, Radhouane Gdoura and Cinzia Marianelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:296

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Tuberculosis is widely known as a progressive disease that affects endothermic animals, leading to death and/or economical losses, while mycobacterial infections in amphibians are commonly due to nontuberculou...

    Authors: Cassia Yumi Ikuta, Laura Reisfeld, Bruna Silvatti, Fernanda Auciello Salvagni, Catia Dejuste de Paula, Allan Patrick Pessier, José Luiz Catão-Dias and José Soares Ferreira Neto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:289

    Content type: Case Report

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  46. During last decade Lampedusa island (Italy) has been interested by a deep social change caused by the massive arrival of migrants from north Africa. The goal of this study was to evaluate current CanL burden a...

    Authors: Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Manuela Gizzarelli, Fabrizio Vitale, Serena Montagnaro, Alessandra Torina, Salvo Sotera and Gaetano Oliva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:286

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Rabies is a major zoonotic disease affecting humans, domestic and wildlife mammals. Cattle are the most important domestic animals impacted by rabies virus in the New World, leading to thousands of cattle deat...

    Authors: Sabine E. Hutter, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Silvia Lucia Fallas González, Bernal León, Katharina Brugger, Mario Baldi, L. Mario Romero, Yan Gao and Luis Fernando Chaves

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:285

    Content type: Research article

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