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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley 

This section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of diseases that are of key importance to the animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are encouraged. 

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  1. Content type: Research

    There are limited data available, in Ireland or elsewhere, to determine the extent of exposure to various endemic diseases among beef cows and factors associated with exposure to causative pathogens. The objec...

    Authors: Damien Barrett, Mervyn Parr, John Fagan, Alan Johnson, Jamie Tratalos, Francis Lively, Michael Diskin and David Kenny

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:8

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  2. Content type: Methodology article

    There is a general consensus in recognizing that traditional meat inspection is no longer able to address the hazards related to meat consumption. Moreover, it has been shown that invasive procedures, such as ...

    Authors: Sergio Ghidini, Emanuela Zanardi, Pierluigi Aldo Di Ciccio, Silvio Borrello, Giancarlo Belluzi, Sarah Guizzardi and Adriana Ianieri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:6

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, remains a significant problem for livestock industries in many countries worldwide including Northern Ireland, where a test and slaughter regime has utili...

    Authors: Andrew W. Byrne, Jordon Graham, Craig Brown, Aoibheann Donaghy, Maria Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, Jim McNair, Robin Skuce, Adrian Allen and Stanley McDowell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:400

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  4. Content type: Debate

    Today’s globalised and interconnected world is characterized by intertwined and quickly evolving relationships between animals, humans and their environment and by an escalating number of accessible data for p...

    Authors: Laura Contalbrigo, Stefano Borgo, Giandomenico Pozza and Stefano Marangon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:397

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Bovine anaplasmosis is an endemic disease in tropical and subtropical areas. It is caused by a bacterium named Anaplasma marginale, and represents an economic problem for cattle farmers due to the losses it gener...

    Authors: Leandro Tana-Hernández, Katherine Navarrete-Arroyo, Jorge Ron-Román, Armando Reyna-Bello and María Augusta Chávez-Larrea

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:392

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Sheep pox and goat pox are contagious viral diseases of sheep and goats, respectively. The diseases result in substantial economic losses due to decreased milk and meat production, damage to hides and wool, an...

    Authors: Tsegaw Fentie, Nigusie Fenta, Samson Leta, Wassie Molla, Birhanu Ayele, Yechale Teshome, Seleshe Nigatu and Ashenafi Assefa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:385

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Many low-income countries have a human population with a high number of cattle owners depending on their livestock for food and income. Infectious diseases threaten the health and production of cattle, affecti...

    Authors: C. Wolff, S. Boqvist, K. Ståhl, C. Masembe and S. Sternberg-Lewerin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:382

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia suis is an important, globally distributed, highly prevalent and diverse obligate intracellular pathogen infecting pigs. To investigate the prevalence and genetic diversity o...

    Authors: Min Li, Martina Jelocnik, Feng Yang, Jianseng Gong, Bernhard Kaltenboeck, Adam Polkinghorne, Zhixin Feng, Yvonne Pannekoek, Nicole Borel, Chunlian Song, Ping Jiang, Jing Li, Jilei Zhang, Yaoyao Wang, Jiawei Wang, Xin Zhou…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:370

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Wildlife rehabilitation centers routinely gather health-related data from diverse species. Their capability to signal the occurrence of emerging pathogens and improve traditional surveillance remains largely u...

    Authors: Alba Ana, M. Perez Andrés, Ponder Julia, Puig Pedro, Wünschmann Arno, Vander Waal Kimberly, Alvarez Julio and Willette Michelle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:368

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are among the leading global foodborne pathogens and a significant public health threat. Their occurrence in animal reservoirs and their susceptibilities to commonly used antimicrob...

    Authors: Terence Odoch, Yngvild Wasteson, Trine L’Abée-Lund, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Luke Nyakarahuka, Sarah Tegule and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:365

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is a hydroxylated metabolite formed after aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is consumed by humans and animals; it can be detected in urine, milk and blood. It is well recognized that AFB1 is toxic to humans...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Johanna Lindahl, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Nguyen Viet Khong, Vuong Bui Nghia, Huyen Nguyen Xuan and Delia Grace

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:363

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The present investigation was an endeavor into the elucidation of the disease-causing pathogen of streptococcosis in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Egypt affecting adult fish cultured and wild fish in th...

    Authors: Kamelia M. Osman, Khalid S. Al-Maary, Aymen S. Mubarak, Turki M. Dawoud, Ihab M. I. Moussa, Mai D. S. Ibrahim, Ashgan M. Hessain, Ahmed Orabi and Nehal M. Fawzy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:357

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  13. Content type: Review

    Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease) is an economically significant condition caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. However, difficulties in diagnosis and classification of individual animals with ...

    Authors: R. J. Whittington, D. J. Begg, K. de Silva, A. C. Purdie, N. K. Dhand and K. M. Plain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:328

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The recent rise in mobile phone use and increased signal coverage has created opportunities for growth of the mobile Health sector in many low resource settings. This pilot study explores the use of a smartphone-...

    Authors: Tariku Jibat Beyene, Amanuel Eshetu, Amina Abdu, Etenesh Wondimu, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene Tufa, Sami Ibrahim and Crawford W. Revie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:323

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious viral disease of cattle caused by a virus of the genus Capripoxvirus. LSD was reported for the first time in Ethiopia in 1981 and subsequently became endemic. This time s...

    Authors: W. Molla, M. C. M. de Jong and K. Frankena

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:310

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has high prevalences of udder health problems including clinical and subclinical mastitis across production systems in different livestock species. Previous studies on udder health problems have large...

    Authors: Kebede Amenu, Barbara Szonyi, Delia Grace and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:303

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. This study investigated the proportion of antimicrobial resistant samples and resistance patterns of Staphylococc...

    Authors: Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Dikeledi Sebola, James Wabwire Oguttu and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:286

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In Argentina, vaccination with Brucella abortus Strain 19 vaccine is mandatory. The objective of the study was to develop and test a method for evaluating, in an innovative way, some farmers’ and veterinarians’ m...

    Authors: M.N. Aznar, M. Arregui, M.F. Humblet, L.E. Samartino and C. Saegerman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:281

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The study highlights the shedding pattern of Senecavirus A (SVA) during an outbreak of vesicular disease in a sow farm from the South-central Minnesota, USA. In this study, 34 individual, mixed parity sows wit...

    Authors: Steven J. P. Tousignant, Laura Bruner, Jake Schwartz, Fabio Vannucci, Stephanie Rossow and Douglas G. Marthaler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:277

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistant Staphylococcus are becoming increasingly important in horses because of the zoonotic nature of the pathogens and the associated risks to caregivers and owners. Knowledge of the burden and ...

    Authors: James Wabwire Oguttu, Daniel Nenene Qekwana and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:269

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The patterns of relative species abundance are commonly studied in ecology and epidemiology to provide insights into underlying dynamical processes. Molecular types (MVLA-types) of Mycobacterium bovis, the causal...

    Authors: Hannah Trewby, David M. Wright, Robin A. Skuce, Carl McCormick, Thomas R. Mallon, Eleanor L. Presho, Rowland R. Kao, Daniel T. Haydon and Roman Biek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:268

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Proliferative enteropathy is a global enteric disease of particular importance in pigs. The causative bacterium, Lawsonia intracellularis, has a wide range of susceptible host species. Recently, L. intracellulari...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hwang, Myung-Ji Seo and Jung-Yong Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:233

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of two serum ELISAs and one quantitative PCR on feces for the diagnosis of paratuberculosis in sub-clinically infected young-adult sheep. A cross-sectional...

    Authors: Yoann Mathevon, Gilles Foucras, Rémy Falguières and Fabien Corbiere

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:230

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect becaus...

    Authors: Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Peter-John M. Noble, Phil H. Jones, Tarek Menacere, Iain Buchan, Suzanna Reynolds, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M. Gaskell, Sally Everitt and Alan D. Radford

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:218

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an important tick-borne disease in Europe. Detection of the TBE virus (TBEV) in local populations of Ixodes ricinus ticks is the most reliable proof that a given area is at risk f...

    Authors: Nadia Rieille, Christine Klaus, Donata Hoffmann, Olivier Péter and Maarten J. Voordouw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:217

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The parasitic disease, cystic echinococcosis (CE), is prevalent in low-income, livestock-raising communities and 2000 new people will be diagnosed this year in South America alone. The disease usually passes f...

    Authors: Veronika Merino, Christopher M. Westgard, Angela M. Bayer and Patricia J. García

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:213

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  27. Content type: Review

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public health threat. Because antimicrobial consumption in food-producing animals contributes to the problem, policies restricting the inappropriate or unnecessary agricultural us...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Nora Wong, Joe Thomas, Kathy Talkington, Elizabeth Jungman and Allan Coukell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:211

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Canine cancer registry data can be put to good use in epidemiological studies. Quantitative comparison of tumour types may reveal unusual cancer frequencies, providing directions for research and generation of...

    Authors: Elisa Baioni, Eugenio Scanziani, Maria Claudia Vincenti, Mauro Leschiera, Elena Bozzetta, Marzia Pezzolato, Rosanna Desiato, Silvia Bertolini, Cristiana Maurella and Giuseppe Ru

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:203

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Paratuberculosis (PTB) is a chronic disease which may lead to reduced milk yield, lower animal welfare and death in cattle. The causative agent is Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The economic c...

    Authors: Carsten Kirkeby, Kaare Græsbøll, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Nils Toft and Tariq Halasa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:202

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Farm animals are usually suspected to transmit infections to humans. Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are hosts to a variety of pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. Several parasites including the protozoa Gia...

    Authors: Felix Meutchieye, Marc K. Kouam, Emile Miegoué, Terence T. Nguafack, Joseph Tchoumboué, Alexis Téguia and Georgios Théodoropoulos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:196

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Identifying the contact structure within a population of horses attending a competition is an important element towards understanding the potential for the spread of equine pathogens as the horses subsequently...

    Authors: Kelsey L. Spence, Terri L. O’Sullivan, Zvonimir Poljak and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:191

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the current study was to develop a stochastic agent-based model using empirical data from Ontario (Canada) swine sites in order to evaluate different surveillance strategies for detection of e...

    Authors: A. G. Arruda, Z. Poljak, D. Knowles and A. McLean

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:171

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most economically devastating infectious diseases for the swine industry. A better understanding of the disease dynamics and the transmission ...

    Authors: Sara Amirpour Haredasht, Dale Polson, Rodger Main, Kyuyoung Lee, Derald Holtkamp and Beatriz Martínez-López

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:163

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) are emerging zoonotic pathogens with a worldwide distribution that can cause mild to severe hemolytic anemia, icterus, ill-thrift, infertility, and poor weight gain. Howeve...

    Authors: Xiaoxing Wang, Yanyan Cui, Yan Zhang, Ke Shi, Yaqun Yan, Fuchun Jian, Longxian Zhang, Rongjun Wang and Changshen Ning

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:142

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease with a worldwide distribution. In Vietnam, leptospirosis is considered endemic. In pigs, leptospirosis can result in reproductive problems (such as abortion and in...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Nguyen Viet Khong, Huyen Nguyen Xuan, Vuong Bui Nghia, Hung Nguyen-Viet and Delia Grace

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:125

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance in staphylococci, often associated with treatment failure, is increasingly reported in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns and predictors of antimicr...

    Authors: Daniel N. Qekwana, James W. Oguttu, Fortune Sithole and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:116

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  37. Content type: Research article

    A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity and other practices of backyard poultry holdings and knowledge and practices of poultry keepers following an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian i...

    Authors: Tenzin Tenzin, Chador Wangdi and Purna Bdr Rai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:113

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hendra virus is a paramyxovirus that causes periodic serious disease and fatalities in horses and humans in Australia first identified in 1994. Pteropid bats (commonly known as flying-foxes) are the natural ho...

    Authors: J. Manyweathers, H. Field, N. Longnecker, K. Agho, C. Smith and M. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:103

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of biosecurity methods to mitigate the transmission of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) via farm personnel or contaminated fomites is poorly understood. This study was undertaken to eva...

    Authors: Yonghyan Kim, My Yang, Sagar M. Goyal, Maxim C-J. Cheeran and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:89

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The study aim was to quantify the impact of movement restriction on the well-being of pigs and the associated mitigation responses during a classical swine fever (CSF) outbreak. We developed a stochastic risk ...

    Authors: Shankar Yadav and Hsin-Yi Weng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:83

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gross pathology suggestive of bovine tuberculosis (TB-like lesions) and evaluate animal’s characteristics associated with the risk of having bovine TB-li...

    Authors: Daniel Pakasi Nalapa, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya and Francisco Olea-Popelka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:73

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also...

    Authors: Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak and Rick Speare (posthumously)

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:56

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The need for wildlife health surveillance as part of disease control in wildlife, domestic animals and humans on the global level is widely recognized. However, the objectives, methods and intensity of existin...

    Authors: Jana Sonnenburg, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Thijs Kuiken, Ezio Ferroglio, Rainer G. Ulrich, Franz J. Conraths, Christian Gortázar and Christoph Staubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:53

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Rhodococcus equi is one of the most significant bacterial pathogens affecting foals up to 6 months of age worldwide. Rhodococcosis is present in Poland however information about molecu...

    Authors: Lucjan Witkowski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Shinji Takai, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Małgorzata Feret, Marta Gawryś, Maciej Witkowski and Jerzy Kita

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:35

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In the last years the knowledges on Mediterranean Buffalo (MB) mastitis is remarkably improving, nevertheless the attention has been never focused on vaccination as preventive strategy for the control of masti...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Antonella Pesce, Massimo Pascale, Caterina Salzano, Gianni Tedeschi, Luigi D’Andrea, Angela De Rosa and Paolo Ciaramella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:29

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The United States swine industry was first confronted with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in 2013. In young pigs, the virus is highly pathogenic and the associated morbidity and mortality has a signifi...

    Authors: Amy L. Greer, Kelsey Spence and Emma Gardner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:8

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Non-invasive sampling techniques based on the analysis of oral fluid specimen have gained substantial importance in the field of swine herd management. Methodological advances have a focus on endemic viral dis...

    Authors: Klaas Dietze, Anna Tucakov, Tatjana Engel, Sabine Wirtz, Klaus Depner, Anja Globig, Robert Kammerer and Susan Mouchantat

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:5

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  48. Content type: Case Report

    Tuberculosis is a major health concern in not only humans, but also in non-human primates. In this paper, we report recent cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cynomolgus monkeys from Cambodia used in transplan...

    Authors: Eun Wha Choi, Kyo Won Lee, Tae Min Kim, Hyojun Park, Mi Ri Jeon, Chan Woo Cho, Jae Berm Park and Sungjoo Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:289

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