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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Platyhelminth infections of livestock can result in considerable economic losses. This study aims to evaluate the spatial frequency of cystic echinococcosis (CE), dicrocoeliasis, and fascioliasis in livestock ...

    Authors: Behzad Kiani, Christine M. Budke, Ebrahim Shams Abadi, Soheil Hashtarkhani, Amene Raouf Rahmati, Mostafa AkbarPour, Mehdi Zarean, Bibi Razieh Hosseini Farash, Fatemeh Kiani and Elham Moghaddas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:185

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Prior to the first recorded outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Uganda, in March 2016, earlier studies done until the 1970’s indicated the presence of the RVF virus (RVFV) in the country, without any record...

    Authors: Deo B. Ndumu, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Edward Miller, Jesca Nakayima, Robert Downing, Stephen Balinandi, Fred Monje, Dan Tumusiime, Mary Nanfuka, Natascha Meunier, Eugene Arinaitwe, Chris Rutebarika, Eugene Kidega, Jackson Kyondo, Rose Ademun, Kariuki M. Njenga…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:157

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), is a worldwide disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). The success of bTB eradication and control programs is based on early detection and the removal of reactors from a herd ...

    Authors: Paulo Alex Machado Carneiro, Eliomar de Moura Sousa, Rinaldo Batista Viana, Bruno Moura Monteiro, Aline do Socorro Lima Kzam, Damazio Campos de Souza, Anderson Silva Coelho, José Dantas Ribeiro Filho, Ricardo Spacagna Jordao, Maria Regina Madruga Tavares and John B. Kaneene

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:137

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp. In Nepal, the presence of brucellosis in small ruminants, namely sheep and goats, has impacted farmers’ livelihood and the food safety of consumers. A cro...

    Authors: Tulsi Ram Gompo, Rubina Shah, Ishwari Tiwari and Yam Bahadur Gurung

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A novel Brucella strain closely related to Brucella (B.) melitensis biovar (bv) 3 was found in Croatian cattle during testing within a brucellosis eradication programme.

    Authors: Silvio Spicic, Maja Zdelar-Tuk, Claire Ponsart, Rene S. Hendriksen, Irena Reil, Guillaume Girault, Pimlapas Leekitcharoenphon, Vesna Rukavina, Martina Rubin, Luca Freddi and Sanja Duvnjak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:126

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Pet dogs are important companion animals that share the environment within households, and play an important role in local community life. In addition, pet dogs also are reservoirs of zoonotic agents, including R...

    Authors: Jian-Wei Shao, Xin-Yan Yao, Xu-Dong Song, Wen-Jun Li, Hui-Lan Huang, Shu-Jian Huang and Xue-Lian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:113

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Effective animal health surveillance systems require reliable, high-quality, and timely data for decision making. In Tanzania, the animal health surveillance system has been relying on a few data sources, whic...

    Authors: Janeth George, Barbara Häsler, Erick Komba, Calvin Sindato, Mark Rweyemamu and James Mlangwa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:109

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Brucellosis is a contagious zoonotic disease of great public health and economic significance especially in developing countries. The disease affects humans and several species of livestock and wildlife. Studi...

    Authors: Robert Aruho, Ewan T. MacLeod, Leonard Manirakiza and Innocent B. Rwego

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:95

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ticks transmit several diseases that result in high morbidity and mortality in livestock. Tick-borne diseases are an economic burden that negatively affect livestock production, cost countries billions of doll...

    Authors: Munyaradzi Davis Shekede, Silvester Maravanyika Chikerema, Moregood Spargo, Isaiah Gwitira, Samuel Kusangaya, Aldridge Nyasha Mazhindu and Daud Nyosi Ndhlovu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:91

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus (BVDV) is one of important diseases of cattle worldwide causing economic losses to the cattle industry primarily due to increased premature culling and decreased reproductive perfor...

    Authors: Erdachew Yitagesu, Wendi Jackson, Nigatu Kebede, Woutrina Smith and Tsegaw Fentie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The discovery of the superbug mcr-1-positive Escherichia coli (MCRPEC) has drew greet attention. Swine-origin multi-drug resistant MCRPEC has been a potential threat to public health and safety. However, there we...

    Authors: Jingzhi Yuan, Xiaoye Wang, Dali Shi, Qiang Ge, Xingxing Song, Wen Hu, Deyuan Wei, Chenling Ge, Xun Li and Chuanhuo Hu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although dogs are a commonly owned companion animal in the UK, the species experiences many health problems that are predictable from demographic information. This study aimed to use anonymised veterinary clin...

    Authors: Dan G. O’Neill, Hannah James, Dave C. Brodbelt, David B. Church and Camilla Pegram

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:69

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is an important global viral pathogen of cattle and other ruminants. To survey the infection rate and genetic diversity of BVDV in western China, a total of 1234 serum sample...

    Authors: Lingling Chang, Yanping Qi, Dan Liu, Qian Du, Xiaomin Zhao and Dewen Tong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In south China, goats are the major source of Brucellosis for human infection. However, there are few studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for goat brucellosis in south China. In this study, we conduc...

    Authors: Yin Li, Dan Tan, Shuang Xue, Chaojian Shen, Huajie Ning, Chang Cai and Zengzai Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:39

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is one of the crucial swine viral pathogens, caused porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVAD). Shandong province is one of the most important pork producing areas and bear...

    Authors: Zicheng Ma, Mengda Liu, Zhaohu Liu, Fanliang Meng, Hongyu Wang, Longlong Cao, Yan Li, Qiulin Jiao, Zifeng Han and Sidang Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:17

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Palearctic bats host a diversity of lyssaviruses, though not the classical rabies virus (RABV). As surveillance for bat rabies over the Palearctic area covering Central and Eastern Europe and Siberian regions ...

    Authors: Veronika Seidlova, Jan Zukal, Jiri Brichta, Nikolay Anisimov, Grzegorz Apoznański, Hana Bandouchova, Tomáš Bartonička, Hana Berková, Alexander D. Botvinkin, Tomas Heger, Heliana Dundarova, Tomasz Kokurewicz, Petr Linhart, Oleg L. Orlov, Vladimir Piacek, Primož Presetnik…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:482

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The dog and cat population data is generally scarce in developing countries due to absence of surveys. The demography of owned dogs and cats, and the associated ownership characteristics, are essential for the...

    Authors: Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Edilu Jorga Sarba, Abraham Mekebib Getaneh, Getachew Kebebew Tola, Solomon Shiferaw Endale and Lencho Megersa Marami

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:481

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Regular physical activity (PA) promotes health and can prevent and treat diseases among both humans and dogs. Unfortunately, most U.S. adults do not meet PA recommendations, and many dogs are also insufficient...

    Authors: Colleen Duncan, Angela Carswell, Tracy Nelson, Dan J. Graham and Felix M. Duerr

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:468

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Avian infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious viral disease that causes severe economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. In Southeast Asian countries, including Myanmar, poultry farm...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Yang, Shiro Murata, Sotaro Fujisawa, Masaki Takehara, Ken Katakura, Myint Myint Hmoon, Shwe Yee Win, Saw Bawm, Satoru Konnai and Kazuhiko Ohashi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:453

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEv) is a flavivirus that circulates in a complex cycle involving small mammals as amplifying hosts and ticks as vectors and reservoirs. The current study aimed to investigate t...

    Authors: Médiha Khamassi Khbou, Rihab Romdhane, Asma Amina Foughali, Limam Sassi, Vanessa Suin, Mourad Rekik and M’hammed Benzarti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:441

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and prevalence of clinical mastitis, peracute mastitis, metabolic disorders, and peripartum disorders, and to examine factors affecting the prevalence of each disease i...

    Authors: Yuki Fukushima, Erina Kino, Aina Furutani, Tomoya Minamino, Yoko Mikurino, Yoichiro Horii, Kazuyuki Honkawa and Yosuke Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:389

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Identification of risk factors is crucial in Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) control especially in endemic countries. In Rwanda, almost all outbreaks of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) have started in Eastern...

    Authors: Jean Claude Udahemuka, Gabriel Oluga Aboge, George Ogello Obiero, Phiyani Justice Lebea, Joshua Orungo Onono and Massimo Paone

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:387

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Q fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in rum...

    Authors: Feyissa Begna Deressa, David Onafruo Kal, Benti Deressa Gelalcha and Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:385

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Most vector-borne pathogens cause zoonotic diseases. These zoonoses often have wild animal reservoirs that play a significant role in disease epidemiology. However, pet animals have also been implicated in tra...

    Authors: J. Mack Fudge, Bailey Boyanowski, Bernie Page, Shuling Liu and Artem S. Rogovskyy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:381

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Epizootic lymphangitis (EL), caused by Histoplasma capsulatum variety farciminosum (HCF) is a contagious, chronic disease of equines, characterized by development of nodular lesions in the lymph nodes, lymphatic ...

    Authors: Birhanu Hadush, Molla Michaelay, Habtamu Taddele Menghistu, Nigus Abebe, Abreha Tesfaye Genzebu, Habtom Kiros Bitsue, Berihun Afera, Bojia E. Duguma, Getachew Gugsa and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:375

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The majority of animal tuberculosis (TB) cases reported in wildlife in Poland over the past 20 years have concerned the European bison inhabiting the Bieszczady Mountains in Southeast Poland: an area running a...

    Authors: Blanka Orłowska, Monika Krajewska-Wędzina, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Monika Kozińska, Sylwia Brzezińska, Anna Zabost, Anna Didkowska, Mirosław Welz, Stanisław Kaczor, Piotr Żmuda and Krzysztof Anusz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:362

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Neonatal mortality (over the first three weeks of life) is a major concern in canine breeding facilities as an economic and welfare issue. Since low birth weight (LBW) dramatically increases the risk of neonat...

    Authors: Amélie Mugnier, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard, Hanna Mila, Faouzi Lyazrhi, Florine Guiraud, Achraf Adib-Lesaux, Virginie Gaillard, Claude Saegerman and Aurélien Grellet

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:354

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic disease and has been reported around the world. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the sero-prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of HEV in Vietnam. Pig blood...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Duy Tung Dao, Vuong Nghia Bui, Ngoc Anh Bui, Thanh Duy Le, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Delia Grace, Krishna K. Thakur and Katsuro Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:333

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The gram-negative Coxiella burnetii bacterium is the pathogen that causes Q fever. The bacterium is transmitted to animals via ticks, and manure, air, dead infected animals, etc. and can cause infection in domest...

    Authors: Jun Ni, Hanliang Lin, Xiaofeng Xu, Qiaoyun Ren, Malike Aizezi, Jin Luo, Yi Luo, Zhan Ma, Ze Chen, Yangchun Tan, Junhui Guo, Wenge Liu, Zhiqiang Qu, Zegong Wu, Jinming Wang, Youquan Li…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:317

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing concern globally, but the impact is very deleterious in the context of Bangladesh. Recent review article on the AMR issue demonstrates the scenario in human medicine...

    Authors: Shahneaz Ali Khan, Mohammed Ashif Imtiaz, Md. Abu Sayeed, Amir Hossan Shaikat and Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:302

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Nipah virus (NiV) is a fatal zoonotic agent that was first identified amongst pig farmers in Malaysia in 1998, in an outbreak that resulted in 105 fatal human cases. That epidemic arose from a chain of infecti...

    Authors: Phrutsamon Wongnak, Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Worapan Kusakunniran, Sarattha Karnjanapreechakorn, Krittanat Sutassananon, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Kachen Wongsathapornchai and Anuwat Wiratsudakul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:300

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Conventional broilers are currently one of the most efficient protein converters. Although decades of progress in genetic selection and feed formulation have lead to high standards of efficient broiler product...

    Authors: Tommy Van Limbergen, Steven Sarrazin, Ilias Chantziaras, Jeroen Dewulf, Richard Ducatelle, Ilias Kyriazakis, Paul McMullin, Jesús Méndez, Jarkko K. Niemi, Sotiris Papasolomontos, Piotr Szeleszczuk, Johan Van Erum and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:287

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a vector-borne emerging zoonotic disease of animals and humans, characterized by socioeconomic losses to livestock farmers and global public health threat. The study determined RVFV ...

    Authors: Nma Bida Alhaji, Jibrin Aminu, Mohammed Kabiru Lawan, Olutayo Olajide Babalobi, Ibrahim Ghali-Mohammed and Ismail Ayoade Odetokun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:243

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Antimicrobial stewardship activities are essential to improve prudent antimicrobial use. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in antimicrobial prescriptions in cats after the introduction of pr...

    Authors: Alina Hubbuch, Kira Schmitt, Claudia Lehner, Sonja Hartnack, Simone Schuller, Gertraud Schüpbach-Regula, Meike Mevissen, Ruth Peter, Cedric Müntener, Hanspeter Naegeli and Barbara Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:229

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Insect vector transmitted pathogens from contaminated environments are a key potential risk for public health. Meanwhile, transmission by non-blood sucking flies needs to be considered. Sequencing and phylogen...

    Authors: Jinling Liu, Gen Lu, Yuesong Cui, Shu Wei, Tongqing An, Guoshun Shen and Zeliang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:227

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The Cumberland Gap Region (CGR) of the United States is a natural corridor between the southeastern, northeastern, and midwestern regions of the country. CGR has also many species of ticks and mosquitos that s...

    Authors: Gilbert Patterson, Matthew Tanhauser, Paul Schmidt, Dawn Spangler, Charles Faulkner, Vina Faulkner, Daniel Kish, Karen Gruszynski, Hemant Naikare, Michele D. Coarsey and Ashutosh Verma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:221

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of this study was to obtain quantitative data about the frequency, genotypic characterization and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella agents in chicken flocks located in eastern Turkey.

    Authors: Aydogan Arkali and Burhan Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:205

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important trans-boundary viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by FMD virus, which belongs to the genus Aphthovirus and family Picornaviridae. FMD is...

    Authors: Endris Aman, Wassie Molla, Zeleke Gebreegizabher and Wudu Temesgen Jemberu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:185

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Rabies kills approximately 59,000 people each year worldwide. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of rabies is important for instituting rapid containment measures and for advising the exposed people for postexposure...

    Authors: Tenzin Tenzin, Kelzang Lhamo, Purna B. Rai, Dawa Tshering, Pema Jamtsho, Jamyang Namgyal, Thrinang Wangdi, Sangay Letho, Tuku Rai, Sonam Jamtsho, Chendu Dorji, Sangay Rinchen, Lungten Lungten, Karma Wangmo, Lungten Lungten, Pema Wangchuk…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:183

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Culling is a major cost for dairy farms but also an essential part in managing herd productivity. This study aimed to identify the culling rates of Estonian dairy cows, identify the farmers’ stated reasons and...

    Authors: Triin Rilanto, Kaari Reimus, Toomas Orro, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop and Kerli Mõtus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:173

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious febrile vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed livestock with high socio-economic consequences globally. In Thailand, FMD is endemic with 183 and ...

    Authors: Orapun Arjkumpa, Chalutwan Sansamur, Pakdee Sutthipankul, Chaidate Inchaisri, Kannika Na Lampang, Arisara Charoenpanyanet and Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:170

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Plague caused by Yersinia pestis is a highly infectious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease that can be spread by wild and domestic animals. In endemic areas of the northern hemisphere plague typically cycles ...

    Authors: Paula A. Schaffer, Connor S. Hershkowitz, Kristy L. Dowers, Jennifer L. Golchanour, Lauren J. Harris, Tawfik A. Aboellial, Paul S. Morley, Stephanie A. Brault, Kristy L. Pabilonia, Gary L. Mason, Jennifer A. House and Joshua B. Daniels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:160

    Content type: Case Report

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  43. Epidemiological investigations were carried out following detection of an outbreak of megaoesophagus in Victorian Police working dogs in early 2018 and an increase in the number of canine megaoesophagus cases ...

    Authors: M. Renwick, M. A. Stevenson, A. Wiethoelter and C. Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:157

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) is a haemorrhagic disease of neonatal calves. BNP was first described in Germany in 2009, later on also in other European countries, and in New Zealand in 2011. The disease i...

    Authors: Carola M. Sauter-Louis, Christoph Staubach, Frederike Reichmann, Alexander Stoll, Günter Rademacher, Klaus Cussler, Max Bastian and Annette Pfitzner-Friedrich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Abortion is considered an important disease problem of small ruminants in Borana pastoral area. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of chlamydiosis, coxiellosis (Q...

    Authors: Asamenew Tesfaye, Mesfin Sahele, Teshale Sori, Chala Guyassa and Abebe Garoma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:145

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a highly contagious virus belonging to family Paramyxovirade, genus Morbillivirus and responsible for high morbidity and mortality in dogs worldwide. Infected domestic dogs can cau...

    Authors: Tshering Dorji, Tenzin Tenzin, Kuenga Tenzin, Dawa Tshering, Karma Rinzin, Waraphon Phimpraphai and Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:135

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Brucellosis is an emerging yet neglected zoonosis that has been reported in Kenya. Epidemiological data on brucellosis in ruminants is readily accessible; however, reports on brucellosis in pigs remain limited...

    Authors: James Akoko, Roger Pelle, Velma Kivali, Esther Schelling, Gabriel Shirima, Eunice M. Machuka, Coletha Mathew, Eric M. Fèvre, Victoria Kyallo, Laura C. Falzon, AbdulHamid S. Lukambagire, Jo E. B. Halliday, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rudovick Kazwala and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  48. In view of the current swine fever outbreak and the government aspiration to increase the goat population, a need arises to control and prevent outbreaks of goat pox. Despite North Vietnam facing sporadic case...

    Authors: Trang Hong Pham, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Nor Yasmin Abd. Rahaman, Huong Lan Thi Lai, Lan Thi Nguyen, Khien Van Do and Mustapha M. Noordin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:128

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Fluoroquinolone agents, such as enrofloxacin and marbofloxacin, are commonly used for pseudomonal infection in veterinary medicine. However, the rate of resistance to fluoroquinolones is rapidly increasing, ac...

    Authors: Youjin Park, Jaeyoung Oh, Sowon Park, Samuth Sum, Wonkeun Song, Jongchan Chae and Heemyung Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:111

    Content type: Research article

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