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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Prof. Laura Rinaldi and Prof. Michael Tildesley 

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Chagas disease is increasingly recognized in the southern U.S., where triatomine vectors transmit Trypanosoma cruzi among wildlife and domestic dogs with occasional vector spillover to humans. As in humans, clini...

    Authors: Alyssa C. Meyers, Megan M. Ellis, Julia C. Purnell, Lisa D. Auckland, Marvin Meinders, Ashley B. Saunders and Sarah A. Hamer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:101

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD). Its prevalence in swine herds was first reported in China in 2000. PCV2 infection causes immunosuppress...

    Authors: Nianci Lv, Li Zhu, Wengui Li, Zhilan Li, Qisheng Qian, Tianyu Zhang, Lu Liu, Jinmei Hong, Xiaolin Zheng, Yuan Wang, Yifang Zhang and Jun Chai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:96

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In a beef cattle facility an outbreak of abortions occurred over a 36-day period and included samples from two aborted (non-viable) fetuses and 21 post-abortion clinical cases. There are numerous etiologies, i...

    Authors: Katherine J. Whitman, James L. Bono, Michael L. Clawson, John D. Loy, Joseph M. Bosilevac, Terrance M. Arthur and Jeff D. Ondrak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:70

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The presence of Anisakis larvae in fish represents a major public health concern. Effective risk management procedures should be applied to prevent heavily infected products from reaching the market. The aim of t...

    Authors: Giorgio Smaldone, Elvira Abollo, Raffaele Marrone, Cristian E. M. Bernardi, Claudia Chirollo, Aniello Anastasio and Santiago P. del Hierro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:65

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Brucellosis in Africa is caused by Brucella species transmitted through contaminated or contacts with infected animals or their carcasses. The disease reduces livestock production and reproduction performance ...

    Authors: Peter N. Lokamar, Moses A. Kutwah, Harrysone Atieli, Sussy Gumo and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:61

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Working farm dogs are invaluable on New Zealand sheep and beef farms. To date no study describing farm dog population and health has included information about incidence of illness and injury, or risk factors ...

    Authors: Katja E. Isaksen, Lori Linney, Helen Williamson, Nick J. Cave, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Elizabeth J. Norman and Naomi Cogger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The present study on the role of strains of adenovirus in wildlife reservoirs, and their prevalence is under exploration. In several previous studies, the presence of adenovirus strains in wild birds has been ...

    Authors: Jowita Samanta Niczyporuk, Wojciech Kozdruń, Hanna Czekaj, Natalia Styś-Fijoł and Karolina Piekarska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:58

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Chihuahua, the world’s smallest dog breed, is a popular breed in the UK today. The VetCompass™ Programme collates de-identified clinical records from primary-care veterinary practices in the UK for epidemi...

    Authors: Dan G. O’Neill, Rowena M. A. Packer, Meghan Lobb, David B. Church, Dave C. Brodbelt and Camilla Pegram

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:42

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Wild aquatic birds serve as the natural reservoir for avian influenza virus (AIV), a disease with significant implications for avian and mammalian health. Climate change is predicted to impact the dynamics of ...

    Authors: Megan Marie Lee, Veerle L. B. Jaspers, Geir Wing Gabrielsen, Bjørn Munro Jenssen, Tomasz Maciej Ciesielski, Åse-Karen Mortensen, Silje Strand Lundgren and Courtney A. Waugh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Renibacterium salmoninarum and Mycobacterium sp. are important bacterial pathogens of fish. R. salmoninarum is the causative agent of bacterial kidney disease, a Gram-positive bacterium mostly known for causing c...

    Authors: M. R. Delghandi, S. Menanteau-Ledouble, K. Waldner and M. El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:40

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In Ethiopia, the second most prioritized of the zoonotic diseases next to rabies is anthrax. About 50.6% of anthrax cases and 33.3% of deaths of livestock have been reported from Wag-Himra Zone, where appropri...

    Authors: Kibeb Seid, Atsede Mazengia Shiferaw, Nurhusien Nuru Yesuf, Terefe Derso and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Vietnam, lack of animal health information is considered a major challenge for pig production. The main objective of this study was to assess the seroprevalences of five pathogens [porcine circovirus type 2...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Vuong Nghia Bui, Huyen Xuan Nguyen, Anh Ngoc Bui, Trung Duc Hoang, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Delia Grace Randolph and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:15

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cases of colonization or infection caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are frequently reported in people who work with animals, including veterinary personnel. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Katerina Neradova, Vladislav Jakubu, Katarina Pomorska and Helena Zemlickova

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Porcine astroviruses (PAstVs) are common in pigs worldwide. There are five distinct lineages with each lineage representing a different ancestral origin. Recently, multiple reports have demonstrated the eviden...

    Authors: Yifeng Qin, Qingli Fang, Xunjie Li, Fakai Li, Huan Liu, Zuzhang Wei, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen and Weijian Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:471

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In China, large-scale outbreaks of severe diarrhea caused by viruses have occurred in pigs since late 2010. To investigate the prevalence and genetic evolution of diarrhea-associated viruses responsible for th...

    Authors: Fanfan Zhang, Suxian Luo, Jun Gu, Zhiquan Li, Kai Li, Weifeng Yuan, Yu Ye, Hao Li, Zhen Ding, Deping Song and Yuxin Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:470

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Melioidosis is a tropical infectious disease which is being increasingly recognised throughout the globe. Infection occurs in humans and animals, typically through direct exposure to soil or water containing t...

    Authors: Audrey Rachlin, Cathy Shilton, Jessica R. Webb, Mark Mayo, Mirjam Kaestli, Mariana Kleinecke, Vanessa Rigas, Suresh Benedict, Ian Gurry and Bart J. Currie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:458

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Escherichia coli O157 is a bacterial pathogen associated with severe disease in humans for which cattle are an important reservoir of infection. The identification of possible risk factors for infection in cattle...

    Authors: Madeleine K. Henry, Catherine M. McCann, Roger W. Humphry, Mair Morgan, Alice Willett, Judith Evans, George J. Gunn and Sue C. Tongue

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:444

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In the past years, it became apparent that health status and performance differ considerably within dairy farms in Northern Germany. In order to obtain clues with respect to possible causes of these difference...

    Authors: Katharina Charlotte Jensen, Cornelia Frömke, Bettina Schneider, Phuong Do Duc, Frieder Gundling, Katrin Birnstiel, Franziska Schönherr, Theresa Scheu, Anika Kaiser-Wichern, Svenja Woudstra, Christian Seyboldt, Martina Hoedemaker and Amely Campe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:442

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Tuberculosis remains a major public health challenge globally with increasing risks for inter-transmission between pastoralists and cattle in Nigeria. This study was aimed at using molecular tools to establish...

    Authors: Hezekiah Kehinde Adesokan, Victor Oluwatoyin Akinseye, Elizabeth Maria Streicher, Paul Van Helden, Rob Mark Warren and Simeon Idowu Cadmus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:437

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Feather damage (FD) resulting from feather pecking remains a concern in non-cage housing systems for laying hens worldwide. This study aimed to identify bird-, housing-, and management-related factors associat...

    Authors: Caitlin Decina, Olaf Berke, Nienke van Staaveren, Christine F. Baes, Tina M. Widowski and Alexandra Harlander-Matauschek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:435

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Toxoplasma gondii, an important food borne zoonotic parasite, infects almost all warm-blooded animals including pigs. People primarily become infected with T. gondii via consuming meat of infected animals. Status...

    Authors: Rashmi Thakur, Rajnish Sharma, R. S. Aulakh, J. P. S. Gill and B. B. Singh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:431

    Content type: Research article

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  22. One of the key steps in the management of chronic diseases in animals including Johne’s disease (JD), caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is the ability to track disease incidence over sp...

    Authors: K. S. T. Kanankege, G. Machado, L. Zhang, B. Dokkebakken, V. Schumann, S. J. Wells, A. M. Perez and J. Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:429

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Increased prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, treatment failure, and financial losses have been reported in dairy cows with coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) clinical mastitis, however, studies on CoNS...

    Authors: Lufuno Phophi, Inge-Marie Petzer and Daniel Nenene Qekwana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:420

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fasciola hepatica is a liver parasite of mammals and it results in poor welfare outcomes and economic losses in ruminants. While faecal egg count is the test most commonly used for diagnosis, it does not indicate...

    Authors: Maria Pia Munita, Rosemary Rea, Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Noel Byrne, Aideen Kennedy, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Riona Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:414

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Canine leptospirosis is a reemerging zoonotic disease concern in North America, and a better understanding of its epidemiology is needed. Wide-scale use and subsequent analyses of polymerase chain reaction (PC...

    Authors: Amanda M. Smith, Andréia Gonçalves Arruda, Michelle D. Evason, J. S. Weese, Thomas E. Wittum, Donald Szlosek and Jason W. Stull

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:412

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Little information about the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in yaks (Bos grunniens) in northwest China is available. Therefore, the objective of the study was to quantify faecal egg counts of gastrointe...

    Authors: Si-Yuan Qin, Ming-Yang Yin, Guang-Yao Song, Qi-Dong Tan, Jin-Lei Wang and Dong-Hui Zhou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:410

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonosis of public health importance transmitted through contact with contaminated soil, water or urine of infected animals. In pigs the disease is characterized by abortion, still...

    Authors: Jeremiah N. Ngugi, Eric M. Fèvre, Georgies F. Mgode, Mark Obonyo, Ginethon G. Mhamphi, Christina A. Otieno and Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:403

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Different tick species are able to transmit different pathogens, and tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide for both humans and animals. Environmental changes and changes in the range of tick...

    Authors: Agne Namina, Valentina Capligina, Maija Seleznova, Rudolfs Krumins, Darja Aleinikova, Agnija Kivrane, Sarmite Akopjana, Marija Lazovska, Inese Berzina and Renate Ranka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:398

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Since 2016, incursions of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N8 clade 2.3.4.4b have caused unprecedented clinical signs and mortality in white-tailed eagles (WTE; Haliaeetus albicilla) across Europ...

    Authors: Megan Marie Lee, Veerle L. B. Jaspers, Mari E. Løseth, Nathalie Briels, Torgeir Nygård, Jan Ove Bustnes and Courtney A. Waugh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:375

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to quantify the seroprevalence of hare treponematosis in European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) populations in the Czech Republic and to test for an association between treponematosis pre...

    Authors: Markéta Nováková, David Najt, Lenka Mikalová, Marcela Kostková, Eliška Vrbová, Michal Strouhal, Annika Posautz, Sascha Knauf and David Šmajs

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:350

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Lameness in dairy cows has been an ongoing concern of great relevance to animal welfare and productivity in modern dairy production. Many studies have examined associations between various factors related to h...

    Authors: Andreas W. Oehm, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Anna Rieger, Alexander Stoll and Sonja Hartnack

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:346

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Afghanistan with serotypes O, A and Asia 1 being prevalent. A retrospective study of data collected through passive surveillance of outbreaks of FMD in Afghanistan fr...

    Authors: Arash Osmani, Ian Duncan Robertson, Ihab Habib and Ahmad Arash Aslami

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:340

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The potential for an exotic disease incursion is a significant concern for the United Kingdom (UK) equine industry. Horse owners’ perceptions of, and attitudes towards, exotic diseases can influence decisions ...

    Authors: Kelsey L. Spence, Jacqueline M. Cardwell, Josh Slater and Sarah M. Rosanowski

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:338

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In developed nations, pet ownership is common within families. Both physical and psychological health benefits may result from owning a pet during childhood and adolescence. However, it is difficult to determi...

    Authors: Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee and Carri Westgarth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:334

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Salmonella is generally considered as a human pathogen causing typhoid fever and gastrointestinal infections called salmonellosis, with S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium strains as the main causative agents. Salm...

    Authors: Bartłomiej Dudek, Marta Książczyk, Eva Krzyżewska, Klaudia Rogala, Maciej Kuczkowski, Anna Woźniak-Biel, Kamila Korzekwa, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Radosław Ratajszczak, Alina Wieliczko, Jacek Rybka and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:312

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic infectious disease that is transmitted in various ways and causes great harm to humans and animals. The brucellosis pathogen is Brucella, which mainly resides in macrophage cel...

    Authors: Lu-Lu Wang, Xiao-Feng Chen, Pan Hu, Shi-Ying Lu, Bao-Quan Fu, Yan-Song Li, Fei-Fei Zhai, Dan-Di Ju, Shi-Jun Zhang, Yi-Ming Shui, Jiang Chang, Xiao-Long Ma, Bing Su, Yu Zhou, Zeng-Shan Liu and Hong-Lin Ren

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:304

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack o...

    Authors: Julien Portier, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Mike R. Hutchings, Elodie Monchâtre-Leroy, Céline Richomme, Sylvain Larrat, Wim H. M. van der Poel, Morgane Dominguez, Annick Linden, Patricia Tavares Santos, Eva Warns-Petit, Jean-Yves Chollet, Lisa Cavalerie, Claude Grandmontagne, Mariana Boadella, Etienne Bonbon…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:295

    Content type: Debate

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  38. In Africa, intensified pig production is frequently accompanied by increased occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks, leading to high case fatality rates and socio-economic impact for the farmers. AS...

    Authors: Erika Chenais, Susanna Sternberg Lewerin, Sofia Boqvist, Karl Ståhl, Solomon Alike, Bruce Nokorach and Ulf Emanuelson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:279

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) are associated with many diseases, resulting in huge economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Since 2015, outbreaks of FAdV infections with high mortality rates have been re...

    Authors: Li Chen, Lijuan Yin, Qingfeng Zhou, Peng Peng, Yunping Du, Linlin Liu, Yun Zhang, Chunyi Xue and Yongchang Cao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:271

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Dairy cattle movement could be a major risk factor for the spread of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in emerging dairy belts of Ethiopia. Dairy cattle may be moved between farms over long distances, and hence unders...

    Authors: Getnet Abie Mekonnen, Gobena Ameni, James L. N. Wood, Stefan Berg and Andrew J. K. Conlan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:262

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In Southeast Asian countries, including Myanmar, poultry farming is a major industry. In order to manage and maintain stable productivity, it is important to establish policies for biosecurity. Infectious resp...

    Authors: Sotaro Fujisawa, Shiro Murata, Masaki Takehara, Ken Katakura, Myint Myint Hmoon, Shwe Yee Win and Kazuhiko Ohashi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:261

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) between humans and animals has been identified in a number of countries. In this study, MRSA in urban rodents and shrews in a community was i...

    Authors: Jing Ge, Xue-shan Zhong, Yi-quan Xiong, Min Qiu, Shu-ting Huo, Xue-jiao Chen, Yun Mo, Ming-ji Cheng and Qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:260

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bluetongue is a vector-borne viral disease, and bluetongue virus (BTV) outbreaks can cause substantial economic losses. Even subclinical infection may carry significant associated costs, including a loss of co...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hwang, Jae Geun Kim and Jung-Yong Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:255

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Transmission of Mycoplasma (M.) suis mainly occurs via iatrogenic or zootechnical manipulations or due to ranking fights. Other transmission routes including ingestion of secretes/excretes; blood-sucking arthropo...

    Authors: Julia Stadler, Stephan Willi, Mathias Ritzmann, Matthias Eddicks, Julia Ade, Katharina Hoelzle and Ludwig E. Hoelzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:252

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) was first reported in US in 2016. The virus was also identified later in China. Prevalence of PCV3 in Zhejiang province in southeastern China is not clear though it has been re...

    Authors: Shichao Geng, Hao Luo, Yajie Liu, Cong Chen, Weicheng Xu, Yunlu Chen, Xiaoliang Li and Weihuan Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:244

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Monitoring systems are essential to detect if the number of cases of a specific disease is rising. Data collected as part of voluntary disease monitoring programs is particularly useful to evaluate if control ...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Lopes Antunes and Dan Jensen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:231

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitous Gram-positive bacterium responsible for a severe foodborne disease in humans, and contaminated dairy products can be an important source of infection. Typically, infected da...

    Authors: Maria Filippa Addis, Tiziana Cubeddu, Ylenia Pilicchi, Stefano Rocca and Renata Piccinini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:229

    Content type: Case Report

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  48. Inappropriate antimicrobial use (AMU) is a key modifiable factor that leads to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The objectives of this study were to determine the following among Tennessee be...

    Authors: John E. Ekakoro, Marc Caldwell, Elizabeth B. Strand, Lew Strickland and Chika C. Okafor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:222

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Although the poultry sector accounts for a major portion of global antimicrobial consumption, few studies have explored the factors which influence antimicrobial use (AMU) in poultry farms in Europe. We perfor...

    Authors: Cécile J. M. Adam, Nicolas Fortané, Alexandra Coviglio, Léa Delesalle, Christian Ducrot and Mathilde C. Paul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:219

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock is a debated topic, mainly due to the risk of associated development of antimicrobial resistance. There is focus on reducing AMU in the Danish pig production, which account...

    Authors: Amanda Brinch Kruse, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Ulrik Lavlund and Helle Stege

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:218

    Content type: Research article

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