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Epidemiology and modelling

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Neonatal mortality (over the first three weeks of life) is a major concern in canine breeding facilities as an economic and welfare issue. Since low birth weight (LBW) dramatically increases the risk of neonat...

    Authors: Amélie Mugnier, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard, Hanna Mila, Faouzi Lyazrhi, Florine Guiraud, Achraf Adib-Lesaux, Virginie Gaillard, Claude Saegerman and Aurélien Grellet

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:354

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic disease and has been reported around the world. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the sero-prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of HEV in Vietnam. Pig blood...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Duy Tung Dao, Vuong Nghia Bui, Ngoc Anh Bui, Thanh Duy Le, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Delia Grace, Krishna K. Thakur and Katsuro Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:333

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The gram-negative Coxiella burnetii bacterium is the pathogen that causes Q fever. The bacterium is transmitted to animals via ticks, and manure, air, dead infected animals, etc. and can cause infection in domest...

    Authors: Jun Ni, Hanliang Lin, Xiaofeng Xu, Qiaoyun Ren, Malike Aizezi, Jin Luo, Yi Luo, Zhan Ma, Ze Chen, Yangchun Tan, Junhui Guo, Wenge Liu, Zhiqiang Qu, Zegong Wu, Jinming Wang, Youquan Li…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:317

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing concern globally, but the impact is very deleterious in the context of Bangladesh. Recent review article on the AMR issue demonstrates the scenario in human medicine...

    Authors: Shahneaz Ali Khan, Mohammed Ashif Imtiaz, Md. Abu Sayeed, Amir Hossan Shaikat and Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:302

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nipah virus (NiV) is a fatal zoonotic agent that was first identified amongst pig farmers in Malaysia in 1998, in an outbreak that resulted in 105 fatal human cases. That epidemic arose from a chain of infecti...

    Authors: Phrutsamon Wongnak, Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Worapan Kusakunniran, Sarattha Karnjanapreechakorn, Krittanat Sutassananon, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Kachen Wongsathapornchai and Anuwat Wiratsudakul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:300

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Conventional broilers are currently one of the most efficient protein converters. Although decades of progress in genetic selection and feed formulation have lead to high standards of efficient broiler product...

    Authors: Tommy Van Limbergen, Steven Sarrazin, Ilias Chantziaras, Jeroen Dewulf, Richard Ducatelle, Ilias Kyriazakis, Paul McMullin, Jesús Méndez, Jarkko K. Niemi, Sotiris Papasolomontos, Piotr Szeleszczuk, Johan Van Erum and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:287

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a vector-borne emerging zoonotic disease of animals and humans, characterized by socioeconomic losses to livestock farmers and global public health threat. The study determined RVFV ...

    Authors: Nma Bida Alhaji, Jibrin Aminu, Mohammed Kabiru Lawan, Olutayo Olajide Babalobi, Ibrahim Ghali-Mohammed and Ismail Ayoade Odetokun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:243

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Antimicrobial stewardship activities are essential to improve prudent antimicrobial use. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in antimicrobial prescriptions in cats after the introduction of pr...

    Authors: Alina Hubbuch, Kira Schmitt, Claudia Lehner, Sonja Hartnack, Simone Schuller, Gertraud Schüpbach-Regula, Meike Mevissen, Ruth Peter, Cedric Müntener, Hanspeter Naegeli and Barbara Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:229

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Insect vector transmitted pathogens from contaminated environments are a key potential risk for public health. Meanwhile, transmission by non-blood sucking flies needs to be considered. Sequencing and phylogen...

    Authors: Jinling Liu, Gen Lu, Yuesong Cui, Shu Wei, Tongqing An, Guoshun Shen and Zeliang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:227

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The Cumberland Gap Region (CGR) of the United States is a natural corridor between the southeastern, northeastern, and midwestern regions of the country. CGR has also many species of ticks and mosquitos that s...

    Authors: Gilbert Patterson, Matthew Tanhauser, Paul Schmidt, Dawn Spangler, Charles Faulkner, Vina Faulkner, Daniel Kish, Karen Gruszynski, Hemant Naikare, Michele D. Coarsey and Ashutosh Verma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:221

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of this study was to obtain quantitative data about the frequency, genotypic characterization and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella agents in chicken flocks located in eastern Turkey.

    Authors: Aydogan Arkali and Burhan Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:205

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important trans-boundary viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by FMD virus, which belongs to the genus Aphthovirus and family Picornaviridae. FMD is...

    Authors: Endris Aman, Wassie Molla, Zeleke Gebreegizabher and Wudu Temesgen Jemberu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:185

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Rabies kills approximately 59,000 people each year worldwide. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of rabies is important for instituting rapid containment measures and for advising the exposed people for postexposure...

    Authors: Tenzin Tenzin, Kelzang Lhamo, Purna B. Rai, Dawa Tshering, Pema Jamtsho, Jamyang Namgyal, Thrinang Wangdi, Sangay Letho, Tuku Rai, Sonam Jamtsho, Chendu Dorji, Sangay Rinchen, Lungten Lungten, Karma Wangmo, Lungten Lungten, Pema Wangchuk…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:183

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Culling is a major cost for dairy farms but also an essential part in managing herd productivity. This study aimed to identify the culling rates of Estonian dairy cows, identify the farmers’ stated reasons and...

    Authors: Triin Rilanto, Kaari Reimus, Toomas Orro, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop and Kerli Mõtus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:173

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious febrile vesicular disease of cloven-hoofed livestock with high socio-economic consequences globally. In Thailand, FMD is endemic with 183 and ...

    Authors: Orapun Arjkumpa, Chalutwan Sansamur, Pakdee Sutthipankul, Chaidate Inchaisri, Kannika Na Lampang, Arisara Charoenpanyanet and Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:170

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Plague caused by Yersinia pestis is a highly infectious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease that can be spread by wild and domestic animals. In endemic areas of the northern hemisphere plague typically cycles ...

    Authors: Paula A. Schaffer, Connor S. Hershkowitz, Kristy L. Dowers, Jennifer L. Golchanour, Lauren J. Harris, Tawfik A. Aboellial, Paul S. Morley, Stephanie A. Brault, Kristy L. Pabilonia, Gary L. Mason, Jennifer A. House and Joshua B. Daniels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:160

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Epidemiological investigations were carried out following detection of an outbreak of megaoesophagus in Victorian Police working dogs in early 2018 and an increase in the number of canine megaoesophagus cases ...

    Authors: M. Renwick, M. A. Stevenson, A. Wiethoelter and C. Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:157

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Bovine neonatal pancytopenia (BNP) is a haemorrhagic disease of neonatal calves. BNP was first described in Germany in 2009, later on also in other European countries, and in New Zealand in 2011. The disease i...

    Authors: Carola M. Sauter-Louis, Christoph Staubach, Frederike Reichmann, Alexander Stoll, Günter Rademacher, Klaus Cussler, Max Bastian and Annette Pfitzner-Friedrich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Abortion is considered an important disease problem of small ruminants in Borana pastoral area. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of chlamydiosis, coxiellosis (Q...

    Authors: Asamenew Tesfaye, Mesfin Sahele, Teshale Sori, Chala Guyassa and Abebe Garoma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:145

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a highly contagious virus belonging to family Paramyxovirade, genus Morbillivirus and responsible for high morbidity and mortality in dogs worldwide. Infected domestic dogs can cau...

    Authors: Tshering Dorji, Tenzin Tenzin, Kuenga Tenzin, Dawa Tshering, Karma Rinzin, Waraphon Phimpraphai and Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:135

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Brucellosis is an emerging yet neglected zoonosis that has been reported in Kenya. Epidemiological data on brucellosis in ruminants is readily accessible; however, reports on brucellosis in pigs remain limited...

    Authors: James Akoko, Roger Pelle, Velma Kivali, Esther Schelling, Gabriel Shirima, Eunice M. Machuka, Coletha Mathew, Eric M. Fèvre, Victoria Kyallo, Laura C. Falzon, AbdulHamid S. Lukambagire, Jo E. B. Halliday, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rudovick Kazwala and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In view of the current swine fever outbreak and the government aspiration to increase the goat population, a need arises to control and prevent outbreaks of goat pox. Despite North Vietnam facing sporadic case...

    Authors: Trang Hong Pham, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Nor Yasmin Abd. Rahaman, Huong Lan Thi Lai, Lan Thi Nguyen, Khien Van Do and Mustapha M. Noordin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:128

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fluoroquinolone agents, such as enrofloxacin and marbofloxacin, are commonly used for pseudomonal infection in veterinary medicine. However, the rate of resistance to fluoroquinolones is rapidly increasing, ac...

    Authors: Youjin Park, Jaeyoung Oh, Sowon Park, Samuth Sum, Wonkeun Song, Jongchan Chae and Heemyung Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:111

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The automated collection of non-specific data from livestock, combined with techniques for data mining and time series analyses, facilitates the development of animal health syndromic surveillance (AHSyS). An ...

    Authors: Amanda Fernández-Fontelo, Pedro Puig, German Caceres, Luis Romero, Crawford Revie, Javier Sanchez, Fernanda C. Dorea and Ana Alba-Casals

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:110

    Content type: Methodology article

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  25. Serological screening of pig herds at the abattoir is considered a potential tool to improve meat inspection procedures and herd health management. Therefore, we previously reported the feasibility of a miniat...

    Authors: Katharina Loreck, Sylvia Mitrenga, Regina Heinze, Ralf Ehricht, Claudia Engemann, Caroline Lueken, Madeleine Ploetz, Matthias Greiner and Diana Meemken

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:106

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Chagas disease is increasingly recognized in the southern U.S., where triatomine vectors transmit Trypanosoma cruzi among wildlife and domestic dogs with occasional vector spillover to humans. As in humans, clini...

    Authors: Alyssa C. Meyers, Megan M. Ellis, Julia C. Purnell, Lisa D. Auckland, Marvin Meinders, Ashley B. Saunders and Sarah A. Hamer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:101

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD). Its prevalence in swine herds was first reported in China in 2000. PCV2 infection causes immunosuppress...

    Authors: Nianci Lv, Li Zhu, Wengui Li, Zhilan Li, Qisheng Qian, Tianyu Zhang, Lu Liu, Jinmei Hong, Xiaolin Zheng, Yuan Wang, Yifang Zhang and Jun Chai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:96

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In a beef cattle facility an outbreak of abortions occurred over a 36-day period and included samples from two aborted (non-viable) fetuses and 21 post-abortion clinical cases. There are numerous etiologies, i...

    Authors: Katherine J. Whitman, James L. Bono, Michael L. Clawson, John D. Loy, Joseph M. Bosilevac, Terrance M. Arthur and Jeff D. Ondrak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:70

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The presence of Anisakis larvae in fish represents a major public health concern. Effective risk management procedures should be applied to prevent heavily infected products from reaching the market. The aim of t...

    Authors: Giorgio Smaldone, Elvira Abollo, Raffaele Marrone, Cristian E. M. Bernardi, Claudia Chirollo, Aniello Anastasio and Santiago P. del Hierro

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:65

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Brucellosis in Africa is caused by Brucella species transmitted through contaminated or contacts with infected animals or their carcasses. The disease reduces livestock production and reproduction performance ...

    Authors: Peter N. Lokamar, Moses A. Kutwah, Harrysone Atieli, Sussy Gumo and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:61

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Working farm dogs are invaluable on New Zealand sheep and beef farms. To date no study describing farm dog population and health has included information about incidence of illness and injury, or risk factors ...

    Authors: Katja E. Isaksen, Lori Linney, Helen Williamson, Nick J. Cave, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Elizabeth J. Norman and Naomi Cogger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The present study on the role of strains of adenovirus in wildlife reservoirs, and their prevalence is under exploration. In several previous studies, the presence of adenovirus strains in wild birds has been ...

    Authors: Jowita Samanta Niczyporuk, Wojciech Kozdruń, Hanna Czekaj, Natalia Styś-Fijoł and Karolina Piekarska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:58

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The Chihuahua, the world’s smallest dog breed, is a popular breed in the UK today. The VetCompass™ Programme collates de-identified clinical records from primary-care veterinary practices in the UK for epidemi...

    Authors: Dan G. O’Neill, Rowena M. A. Packer, Meghan Lobb, David B. Church, Dave C. Brodbelt and Camilla Pegram

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:42

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Wild aquatic birds serve as the natural reservoir for avian influenza virus (AIV), a disease with significant implications for avian and mammalian health. Climate change is predicted to impact the dynamics of ...

    Authors: Megan Marie Lee, Veerle L. B. Jaspers, Geir Wing Gabrielsen, Bjørn Munro Jenssen, Tomasz Maciej Ciesielski, Åse-Karen Mortensen, Silje Strand Lundgren and Courtney A. Waugh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Renibacterium salmoninarum and Mycobacterium sp. are important bacterial pathogens of fish. R. salmoninarum is the causative agent of bacterial kidney disease, a Gram-positive bacterium mostly known for causing c...

    Authors: M. R. Delghandi, S. Menanteau-Ledouble, K. Waldner and M. El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:40

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In Ethiopia, the second most prioritized of the zoonotic diseases next to rabies is anthrax. About 50.6% of anthrax cases and 33.3% of deaths of livestock have been reported from Wag-Himra Zone, where appropri...

    Authors: Kibeb Seid, Atsede Mazengia Shiferaw, Nurhusien Nuru Yesuf, Terefe Derso and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In Vietnam, lack of animal health information is considered a major challenge for pig production. The main objective of this study was to assess the seroprevalences of five pathogens [porcine circovirus type 2...

    Authors: Hu Suk Lee, Vuong Nghia Bui, Huyen Xuan Nguyen, Anh Ngoc Bui, Trung Duc Hoang, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Delia Grace Randolph and Barbara Wieland

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:15

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Cases of colonization or infection caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are frequently reported in people who work with animals, including veterinary personnel. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Katerina Neradova, Vladislav Jakubu, Katarina Pomorska and Helena Zemlickova

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Porcine astroviruses (PAstVs) are common in pigs worldwide. There are five distinct lineages with each lineage representing a different ancestral origin. Recently, multiple reports have demonstrated the eviden...

    Authors: Yifeng Qin, Qingli Fang, Xunjie Li, Fakai Li, Huan Liu, Zuzhang Wei, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen and Weijian Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:471

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In China, large-scale outbreaks of severe diarrhea caused by viruses have occurred in pigs since late 2010. To investigate the prevalence and genetic evolution of diarrhea-associated viruses responsible for th...

    Authors: Fanfan Zhang, Suxian Luo, Jun Gu, Zhiquan Li, Kai Li, Weifeng Yuan, Yu Ye, Hao Li, Zhen Ding, Deping Song and Yuxin Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:470

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Melioidosis is a tropical infectious disease which is being increasingly recognised throughout the globe. Infection occurs in humans and animals, typically through direct exposure to soil or water containing t...

    Authors: Audrey Rachlin, Cathy Shilton, Jessica R. Webb, Mark Mayo, Mirjam Kaestli, Mariana Kleinecke, Vanessa Rigas, Suresh Benedict, Ian Gurry and Bart J. Currie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:458

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Escherichia coli O157 is a bacterial pathogen associated with severe disease in humans for which cattle are an important reservoir of infection. The identification of possible risk factors for infection in cattle...

    Authors: Madeleine K. Henry, Catherine M. McCann, Roger W. Humphry, Mair Morgan, Alice Willett, Judith Evans, George J. Gunn and Sue C. Tongue

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:444

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In the past years, it became apparent that health status and performance differ considerably within dairy farms in Northern Germany. In order to obtain clues with respect to possible causes of these difference...

    Authors: Katharina Charlotte Jensen, Cornelia Frömke, Bettina Schneider, Phuong Do Duc, Frieder Gundling, Katrin Birnstiel, Franziska Schönherr, Theresa Scheu, Anika Kaiser-Wichern, Svenja Woudstra, Christian Seyboldt, Martina Hoedemaker and Amely Campe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:442

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Tuberculosis remains a major public health challenge globally with increasing risks for inter-transmission between pastoralists and cattle in Nigeria. This study was aimed at using molecular tools to establish...

    Authors: Hezekiah Kehinde Adesokan, Victor Oluwatoyin Akinseye, Elizabeth Maria Streicher, Paul Van Helden, Rob Mark Warren and Simeon Idowu Cadmus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:437

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Feather damage (FD) resulting from feather pecking remains a concern in non-cage housing systems for laying hens worldwide. This study aimed to identify bird-, housing-, and management-related factors associat...

    Authors: Caitlin Decina, Olaf Berke, Nienke van Staaveren, Christine F. Baes, Tina M. Widowski and Alexandra Harlander-Matauschek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:435

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Toxoplasma gondii, an important food borne zoonotic parasite, infects almost all warm-blooded animals including pigs. People primarily become infected with T. gondii via consuming meat of infected animals. Status...

    Authors: Rashmi Thakur, Rajnish Sharma, R. S. Aulakh, J. P. S. Gill and B. B. Singh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:431

    Content type: Research article

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  47. One of the key steps in the management of chronic diseases in animals including Johne’s disease (JD), caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is the ability to track disease incidence over sp...

    Authors: K. S. T. Kanankege, G. Machado, L. Zhang, B. Dokkebakken, V. Schumann, S. J. Wells, A. M. Perez and J. Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:429

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Increased prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, treatment failure, and financial losses have been reported in dairy cows with coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) clinical mastitis, however, studies on CoNS...

    Authors: Lufuno Phophi, Inge-Marie Petzer and Daniel Nenene Qekwana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:420

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Fasciola hepatica is a liver parasite of mammals and it results in poor welfare outcomes and economic losses in ruminants. While faecal egg count is the test most commonly used for diagnosis, it does not indicate...

    Authors: Maria Pia Munita, Rosemary Rea, Ana Maria Martinez-Ibeas, Noel Byrne, Aideen Kennedy, Mary Sekiya, Grace Mulcahy and Riona Sayers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:414

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Little information about the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in yaks (Bos grunniens) in northwest China is available. Therefore, the objective of the study was to quantify faecal egg counts of gastrointe...

    Authors: Si-Yuan Qin, Ming-Yang Yin, Guang-Yao Song, Qi-Dong Tan, Jin-Lei Wang and Dong-Hui Zhou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:410

    Content type: Research article

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COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

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