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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Prof. Laura Rinaldi and Prof. Michael Tildesley 

This section considers research that investigates the incidence, distribution, and possible control of veterinary diseases and other factors relating to animal health. This section particularly welcomes research covering the management of diseases that are of key importance to animal and public health. Research describing transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modeling, application of epidemiological findings in clinical practice, descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and studies of both international and geographically-limited interest are considered. 

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella is generally considered as a human pathogen causing typhoid fever and gastrointestinal infections called salmonellosis, with S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium strains as the main causative agents. Salm...

    Authors: Bartłomiej Dudek, Marta Książczyk, Eva Krzyżewska, Klaudia Rogala, Maciej Kuczkowski, Anna Woźniak-Biel, Kamila Korzekwa, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Radosław Ratajszczak, Alina Wieliczko, Jacek Rybka and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:312

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic infectious disease that is transmitted in various ways and causes great harm to humans and animals. The brucellosis pathogen is Brucella, which mainly resides in macrophage cel...

    Authors: Lu-Lu Wang, Xiao-Feng Chen, Pan Hu, Shi-Ying Lu, Bao-Quan Fu, Yan-Song Li, Fei-Fei Zhai, Dan-Di Ju, Shi-Jun Zhang, Yi-Ming Shui, Jiang Chang, Xiao-Long Ma, Bing Su, Yu Zhou, Zeng-Shan Liu and Hong-Lin Ren

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:304

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  3. Content type: Debate

    In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack o...

    Authors: Julien Portier, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, Mike R. Hutchings, Elodie Monchâtre-Leroy, Céline Richomme, Sylvain Larrat, Wim H. M. van der Poel, Morgane Dominguez, Annick Linden, Patricia Tavares Santos, Eva Warns-Petit, Jean-Yves Chollet, Lisa Cavalerie, Claude Grandmontagne, Mariana Boadella, Etienne Bonbon…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:295

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In Africa, intensified pig production is frequently accompanied by increased occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks, leading to high case fatality rates and socio-economic impact for the farmers. AS...

    Authors: Erika Chenais, Susanna Sternberg Lewerin, Sofia Boqvist, Karl Ståhl, Solomon Alike, Bruce Nokorach and Ulf Emanuelson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:279

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) are associated with many diseases, resulting in huge economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Since 2015, outbreaks of FAdV infections with high mortality rates have been re...

    Authors: Li Chen, Lijuan Yin, Qingfeng Zhou, Peng Peng, Yunping Du, Linlin Liu, Yun Zhang, Chunyi Xue and Yongchang Cao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:271

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Dairy cattle movement could be a major risk factor for the spread of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in emerging dairy belts of Ethiopia. Dairy cattle may be moved between farms over long distances, and hence unders...

    Authors: Getnet Abie Mekonnen, Gobena Ameni, James L. N. Wood, Stefan Berg and Andrew J. K. Conlan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:262

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In Southeast Asian countries, including Myanmar, poultry farming is a major industry. In order to manage and maintain stable productivity, it is important to establish policies for biosecurity. Infectious resp...

    Authors: Sotaro Fujisawa, Shiro Murata, Masaki Takehara, Ken Katakura, Myint Myint Hmoon, Shwe Yee Win and Kazuhiko Ohashi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:261

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) between humans and animals has been identified in a number of countries. In this study, MRSA in urban rodents and shrews in a community was i...

    Authors: Jing Ge, Xue-shan Zhong, Yi-quan Xiong, Min Qiu, Shu-ting Huo, Xue-jiao Chen, Yun Mo, Ming-ji Cheng and Qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:260

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Bluetongue is a vector-borne viral disease, and bluetongue virus (BTV) outbreaks can cause substantial economic losses. Even subclinical infection may carry significant associated costs, including a loss of co...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hwang, Jae Geun Kim and Jung-Yong Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:255

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Transmission of Mycoplasma (M.) suis mainly occurs via iatrogenic or zootechnical manipulations or due to ranking fights. Other transmission routes including ingestion of secretes/excretes; blood-sucking arthropo...

    Authors: Julia Stadler, Stephan Willi, Mathias Ritzmann, Matthias Eddicks, Julia Ade, Katharina Hoelzle and Ludwig E. Hoelzle

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:252

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) was first reported in US in 2016. The virus was also identified later in China. Prevalence of PCV3 in Zhejiang province in southeastern China is not clear though it has been re...

    Authors: Shichao Geng, Hao Luo, Yajie Liu, Cong Chen, Weicheng Xu, Yunlu Chen, Xiaoliang Li and Weihuan Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:244

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Monitoring systems are essential to detect if the number of cases of a specific disease is rising. Data collected as part of voluntary disease monitoring programs is particularly useful to evaluate if control ...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Lopes Antunes and Dan Jensen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:231

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    Listeria monocytogenes is a ubiquitous Gram-positive bacterium responsible for a severe foodborne disease in humans, and contaminated dairy products can be an important source of infection. Typically, infected da...

    Authors: Maria Filippa Addis, Tiziana Cubeddu, Ylenia Pilicchi, Stefano Rocca and Renata Piccinini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:229

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate antimicrobial use (AMU) is a key modifiable factor that leads to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The objectives of this study were to determine the following among Tennessee be...

    Authors: John E. Ekakoro, Marc Caldwell, Elizabeth B. Strand, Lew Strickland and Chika C. Okafor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:222

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Although the poultry sector accounts for a major portion of global antimicrobial consumption, few studies have explored the factors which influence antimicrobial use (AMU) in poultry farms in Europe. We perfor...

    Authors: Cécile J. M. Adam, Nicolas Fortané, Alexandra Coviglio, Léa Delesalle, Christian Ducrot and Mathilde C. Paul

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:219

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock is a debated topic, mainly due to the risk of associated development of antimicrobial resistance. There is focus on reducing AMU in the Danish pig production, which account...

    Authors: Amanda Brinch Kruse, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Ulrik Lavlund and Helle Stege

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:218

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Multi-drug resistant bacteria are seen increasingly and there are gaps in our understanding of the complexity of antimicrobial resistance, partially due to a lack of appropriate statistical tools. This hampers...

    Authors: Sonja Hartnack, Terence Odoch, Gilles Kratzer, Reinhard Furrer, Yngvild Wasteson, Trine M. L’Abée-Lund and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:212

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diseases are an important role obstacle to high productivity in Ugandan cattle production. General disease prevention is particularly important in low-income countries, where veterinary services and...

    Authors: Cecilia Wolff, Salvatory Abigaba and Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:208

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobials are used by poultry farmers in Vietnam as a tool to treat and prevent infectious diseases. We aimed to determine the fraction of disease episodes likely to remain untreated due to the administra...

    Authors: Marc Choisy, Nguyen Van Cuong, Truong Dinh Bao, Bach Tuan Kiet, Bo Ve Hien, Ho Viet Thu, Niwat Chansiripornchai, Erry Setyawan, Guy Thwaites, Jonathan Rushton and Juan Carrique-Mas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:206

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Poultry farming is widely practiced by rural households in Vietnam and the vast majority of domestic birds are kept on small household farms. However, smallholder poultry production is constrained by several i...

    Authors: Alexis Delabouglise, Benjamin Nguyen-Van-Yen, Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Huynh Thi Ai Xuyen, Phung Ngoc Tuyet, Ha Minh Lam and Maciej F. Boni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:205

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) is an emerging etiological agent to the swine industry. However, its circulating status and genetic characteristics were still unclear in Henan, central China. Here, 318 porcine ora...

    Authors: Zhenhua Guo, Xiang Li, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:200

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  22. Content type: Review

    Paratuberculosis, a chronic disease affecting ruminant livestock, is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). It has direct and indirect economic costs, impacts animal welfare and arouses publ...

    Authors: Richard Whittington, Karsten Donat, Maarten F. Weber, David Kelton, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Suzanne Eisenberg, Norma Arrigoni, Ramon Juste, Jose Luis Sáez, Navneet Dhand, Annalisa Santi, Anita Michel, Herman Barkema, Petr Kralik, Polychronis Kostoulas, Lorna Citer…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:198

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Determining the infectious cause of abortion in cattle is difficult. This case-control study was set up to investigate the infectious causes of abortion by determining the seroprevalence of three reproductive ...

    Authors: Darwin Changoluisa, Ismar A. Rivera-Olivero, Gustavo Echeverria, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain and Jacobus H. de Waard

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:194

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the size of free roaming dog populations quickly and accurately is critical in the implementation of numerous preventive health and population control interventions. However, few studies have investi...

    Authors: N. V. Meunier, A. D. Gibson, J. Corfmat, S. Mazeri, I. G. Handel, L. Gamble, B Mde C Bronsvoort and R. J. Mellanby

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:190

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) causes enzootic bovine leukosis in cattle and leads to heavy economic losses in the husbandry industry. Heilongjiang Province, China, is rich in dairy cattle. However, its current B...

    Authors: Changqing Yu, Xuefeng Wang, Yulong Zhou, Yu Wang, Xianfeng Zhang and Yonghui Zheng

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:179

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most economically significant pathogens in the Chinese swine industry. ORF5 and nsp2 are highly variable regions of the PRRSV genome. T...

    Authors: Shaofeng Hong, Ying Wei, Siyuan Lin, Jiabing Huang, Wei He, Jing Yao, Ying Chen, Ouyang Kang, Weijian Huang and Zuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:171

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based comparison of the disorder-specific welfare burdens of major canine conditions could better inform targeting of stakeholder resources, to maximise improvement of health-related welfare in UK dog...

    Authors: Jennifer F. Summers, Dan G. O’Neill, David Church, Lisa Collins, David Sargan and David C. Brodbelt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:163

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  28. Content type: Research article

    African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating infectious disease of pigs. ASF poses a potential threat to the world pig industry, due to the lack of vaccines and treatments. In this study, the Geographic Informat...

    Authors: Yi Lu, Xiaojun Deng, Jiahui Chen, Jianying Wang, Qin Chen and Bing Niu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:160

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) screening tests including a single intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test, interferon gamma (IFN-γ...

    Authors: Tawatchai Singhla, Sukolrat Boonyayatra, Songkhla Chulakasian, Mintra Lukkana, Julio Alvarez, Srinand Sreevatsan and Scott J. Wells

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:149

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease that affects several species and has zoonotic potential. Due to its associated health and economic repercussions, minimizing AI outbreaks is important. Howev...

    Authors: Amos Ssematimba, Kaitlyn M. St. Charles, Peter J. Bonney, Sasidhar Malladi, Marie Culhane, Timothy J. Goldsmith, David A. Halvorson and Carol J. Cardona

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:147

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a major threat to the swine industry. It is caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV). Determination and comparison of the nucleotide sequences of PRRSV strains p...

    Authors: Marie-Ève Lambert, Julie Arsenault, Benjamin Delisle, Pascal Audet, Zvonimir Poljak and Sylvie D’Allaire

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:135

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of bacterial pathogens is an emerging public health threat. This threat extends to pets as it also compromises our ability to treat their infections. Surveillance programs in the...

    Authors: Olgica Ceric, Gregory H. Tyson, Laura B. Goodman, Patrick K. Mitchell, Yan Zhang, Melanie Prarat, Jing Cui, Laura Peak, Joy Scaria, Linto Antony, Milton Thomas, Sarah M. Nemser, Renee Anderson, Anil J. Thachil, Rebecca J. Franklin-Guild, Durda Slavic…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:130

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular zoonotic parasite, infects all mammalian and birds. Understanding the prevalence of Toxoplasma in bird is important for evaluating the transmission of this parasite. No informa...

    Authors: Si-Yang Huang, Yi-Min Fan, Kai Chen, Qiu-Xia Yao and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:129

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is considered the most important infectious cause of lameness in dairy cattle worldwide, but has only recently been observed in New Zealand. Although many studies have investiga...

    Authors: Dan Aaron Yang, M. Carolyn Gates, Kristina R. Müller and Richard A. Laven

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:125

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus 2-associated disease (PCVAD) is acknowledged as one of the most economically important diseases for the swine industry worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterize and determine the ...

    Authors: Jing Yao, Yanran Qin, Yue Zeng, Kang Ouyang, Ying Chen, Weijian Huang and Zuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:118

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  36. Content type: Methodology article

    Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is a common pathogen causing respiratory disease in cattle and a significant contributor to the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. BRSV is widely distributed ar...

    Authors: Zhankui Liu, Jianyou Li, Zeyu Liu, Jiawei Li, Zhijie Li, Chao Wang, Jianke Wang and Li Guo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:110

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to examine the prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from broiler chickens in Kagoshima, Japan. A total of 192 flocks and 3071 samples were collected from broi...

    Authors: Vu Minh Duc, Yuko Nakamoto, Ayaka Fujiwara, Hajime Toyofuku, Takeshi Obi and Takehisa Chuma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:108

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a major emerging virus of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), which has brought huge economic losses to the global pig industry. Pigs are well known as the natura...

    Authors: Tao Song, Jianxiang Hao, Ran Zhang, Menghu Tang, Wenao Li, Weirong Hui, Qiyuan Fu, Chunfang Wang, Shuyang Xin, Shoucong Zhang, Ping Rui, Hai Ren and Zengjun Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:107

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a severe, highly infectious and fatal viral disease of small ruminants. Four lineages of PPR virus have been identified globally based on sequence analysis of the nucleoprot...

    Authors: Biruk Alemu, Getachew Gari, Geneviève Libeau, Olivier Kwiatek, Menbere Kidane, Rediet Belayneh, Bewuket Siraw, Barbara Wieland, Wondwoson Asfaw and Reta D. Abdi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:84

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bovine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes substantial economic losses and has a strong impact on public health. The main objective of this paper is to determine the risk factors for new infections of B...

    Authors: Liliana Cárdenas, Mario Peña, Oscar Melo and Jordi Casal

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:81

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Thailand’s Central Plain is identified as a contact zone between pigs and flying foxes, representing a potential zoonotic risk. Nipah virus (NiV) has been reported in flying foxes in Thailand, but it has never...

    Authors: Weerapong Thanapongtharm, Mathilde C. Paul, Anuwat Wiratsudakul, Vilaiporn Wongphruksasoong, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Kachen Wongsathapornchai, Sudarat Damrongwatanapokin, Daniel Schar and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:73

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Serum antibody detection has potential as a complementary diagnostic tool in animal tuberculosis (TB) control, particularly in multi-host systems. The objective of the present study was to assess the specifici...

    Authors: J. A. Infantes-Lorenzo, I. Moreno, A. Roy, M. A. Risalde, A. Balseiro, L. de Juan, B. Romero, J. Bezos, E. Puentes, J. Åkerstedt, G. T. Tessema, C. Gortázar, L. Domínguez and M. Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:70

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Influenza A virus (IAV) is an important pathogen in pigs that affects productivity and has important public health implications because of its zoonotic nature. Surveillance is central to the control of influen...

    Authors: Jorge Garrido-Mantilla, Julio Alvarez, Marie Culhane, Jayaveeramuthu Nirmala, Jean Paul Cano and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:61

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Equine laminitis is a complex disease that manifests as pain and lameness in the feet, often with debilitating consequences. There is a paucity of data that accounts for the multifactorial nature of laminitis ...

    Authors: D. Pollard, C. E. Wylie, K. L. P. Verheyen and J. R. Newton

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:59

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the greatest disease threats to animal husbandry worldwide. Though various vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been developed, vaccine effectiveness...

    Authors: Rui Zhao, Xiangyu Meng, Guiyan Jia, Yongzhong Yu and Bocui Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:38

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  46. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, there has been an increased awareness of antimicrobial resistance in both animals and humans, which has triggered concerns over non-judicious antimicrobial use. In the United States, antimicro...

    Authors: John E. Ekakoro, Marc Caldwell, Elizabeth B. Strand and Chika C. Okafor

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:16

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Urban rodents and house shrews are closely correlated in terms of location with humans and can transmit many pathogens to them. Hepatitis E has been confirmed to be a zoonotic disease. However, the zoonotic po...

    Authors: Wenqiao He, Yuqi Wen, Yiquan Xiong, Minyi Zhang, Mingji Cheng and Qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:414

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