Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Hans-Hermann Thulke

The epidemiology and modelling section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of disease which is of key importance to the government and the produce industry in addition to the general community. This includes papers dealing with spread and/or transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, developing or applying new epidemiological methods based on a biological application. It also deals with descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses and studies providing information of geographically limited interest.

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  1. Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Staphylococcus species isolated from cats presented at a veterinary academic hospital in South Africa

    Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. This study investigated the proportion of antimicrobial resistant samples and resistance patterns of Staphylococc...

    Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Dikeledi Sebola, James Wabwire Oguttu and Agricola Odoi

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:286

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Methodology for the assessment of brucellosis management practices and its vaccination campaign: example in two Argentine districts

    In Argentina, vaccination with Brucella abortus Strain 19 vaccine is mandatory. The objective of the study was to develop and test a method for evaluating, in an innovative way, some farmers’ and veterinarians’ m...

    M.N. Aznar, M. Arregui, M.F. Humblet, L.E. Samartino and C. Saegerman

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:281

    Published on: 7 September 2017

  3. Research article

    Longitudinal study of Senecavirus a shedding in sows and piglets on a single United States farm during an outbreak of vesicular disease

    The study highlights the shedding pattern of Senecavirus A (SVA) during an outbreak of vesicular disease in a sow farm from the South-central Minnesota, USA. In this study, 34 individual, mixed parity sows wit...

    Steven J. P. Tousignant, Laura Bruner, Jake Schwartz, Fabio Vannucci, Stephanie Rossow and Douglas G. Marthaler

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:277

    Published on: 31 August 2017

  4. Research article

    An Exploratory Descriptive Study of Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus Spp. Isolated from Horses Presented at a Veterinary Teaching Hospital

    Antimicrobial resistant Staphylococcus are becoming increasingly important in horses because of the zoonotic nature of the pathogens and the associated risks to caregivers and owners. Knowledge of the burden and ...

    James Wabwire Oguttu, Daniel Nenene Qekwana and Agricola Odoi

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:269

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Relative abundance of Mycobacterium bovis molecular types in cattle: a simulation study of potential epidemiological drivers

    The patterns of relative species abundance are commonly studied in ecology and epidemiology to provide insights into underlying dynamical processes. Molecular types (MVLA-types) of Mycobacterium bovis, the causal...

    Hannah Trewby, David M. Wright, Robin A. Skuce, Carl McCormick, Thomas R. Mallon, Eleanor L. Presho, Rowland R. Kao, Daniel T. Haydon and Roman Biek

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:268

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Estimation of the sensitivity and specificity of two serum ELISAs and one fecal qPCR for diagnosis of paratuberculosis in sub-clinically infected young-adult French sheep using latent class Bayesian modeling

    The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of two serum ELISAs and one quantitative PCR on feces for the diagnosis of paratuberculosis in sub-clinically infected young-adult sheep. A cross-sectional...

    Yoann Mathevon, Gilles Foucras, Rémy Falguières and Fabien Corbiere

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:230

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  7. Research article

    Goats as sentinel hosts for the detection of tick-borne encephalitis risk areas in the Canton of Valais, Switzerland

    Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an important tick-borne disease in Europe. Detection of the TBE virus (TBEV) in local populations of Ixodes ricinus ticks is the most reliable proof that a given area is at risk f...

    Nadia Rieille, Christine Klaus, Donata Hoffmann, Olivier Péter and Maarten J. Voordouw

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:217

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Demographics of dogs, cats, and rabbits attending veterinary practices in Great Britain as recorded in their electronic health records

    Understanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect becaus...

    Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Peter-John M. Noble, Phil H. Jones, Tarek Menacere, Iain Buchan, Suzanna Reynolds, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M. Gaskell, Sally Everitt and Alan D. Radford

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:218

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  9. Research article

    Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding cystic echinococcosis and sheep herding in Peru: a mixed-methods approach

    The parasitic disease, cystic echinococcosis (CE), is prevalent in low-income, livestock-raising communities and 2000 new people will be diagnosed this year in South America alone. The disease usually passes f...

    Veronika Merino, Christopher M. Westgard, Angela M. Bayer and Patricia J. García

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:213

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  10. Review

    Antimicrobial drug use in food-producing animals and associated human health risks: what, and how strong, is the evidence?

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public health threat. Because antimicrobial consumption in food-producing animals contributes to the problem, policies restricting the inappropriate or unnecessary agricultural us...

    Karin Hoelzer, Nora Wong, Joe Thomas, Kathy Talkington, Elizabeth Jungman and Allan Coukell

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:211

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Estimating canine cancer incidence: findings from a population-based tumour registry in northwestern Italy

    Canine cancer registry data can be put to good use in epidemiological studies. Quantitative comparison of tumour types may reveal unusual cancer frequencies, providing directions for research and generation of...

    Elisa Baioni, Eugenio Scanziani, Maria Claudia Vincenti, Mauro Leschiera, Elena Bozzetta, Marzia Pezzolato, Rosanna Desiato, Silvia Bertolini, Cristiana Maurella and Giuseppe Ru

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:203

    Published on: 28 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Epidemiological and economic consequences of purchasing livestock infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis

    Paratuberculosis (PTB) is a chronic disease which may lead to reduced milk yield, lower animal welfare and death in cattle. The causative agent is Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The economic c...

    Carsten Kirkeby, Kaare Græsbøll, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Nils Toft and Tariq Halasa

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:202

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  13. Research article

    A survey for potentially zoonotic gastrointestinal parasites in domestic cavies in Cameroon (Central Africa)

    Farm animals are usually suspected to transmit infections to humans. Domestic cavies (Cavia porcellus) are hosts to a variety of pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. Several parasites including the protozoa Gia...

    Felix Meutchieye, Marc K. Kouam, Emile Miegoué, Terence T. Nguafack, Joseph Tchoumboué, Alexis Téguia and Georgios Théodoropoulos

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:196

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  14. Research article

    Descriptive and network analyses of the equine contact network at an equestrian show in Ontario, Canada and implications for disease spread

    Identifying the contact structure within a population of horses attending a competition is an important element towards understanding the potential for the spread of equine pathogens as the horses subsequently...

    Kelsey L. Spence, Terri L. O’Sullivan, Zvonimir Poljak and Amy L. Greer

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:191

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Development of a stochastic agent-based model to evaluate surveillance strategies for detection of emergent porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome strains

    The objective of the current study was to develop a stochastic agent-based model using empirical data from Ontario (Canada) swine sites in order to evaluate different surveillance strategies for detection of e...

    A. G. Arruda, Z. Poljak, D. Knowles and A. McLean

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:171

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  16. Research article

    Modeling the spatio-temporal dynamics of porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome cases at farm level using geographical distance and pig trade network matrices

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most economically devastating infectious diseases for the swine industry. A better understanding of the disease dynamics and the transmission ...

    Sara Amirpour Haredasht, Dale Polson, Rodger Main, Kyuyoung Lee, Derald Holtkamp and Beatriz Martínez-López

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:163

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  17. Research article

    Molecular characterization of hemotropic mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma ovis and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemovis’) in sheep and goats in China

    Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) are emerging zoonotic pathogens with a worldwide distribution that can cause mild to severe hemolytic anemia, icterus, ill-thrift, infertility, and poor weight gain. Howeve...

    Xiaoxing Wang, Yanyan Cui, Yan Zhang, Ke Shi, Yaqun Yan, Fuchun Jian, Longxian Zhang, Rongjun Wang and Changshen Ning

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:142

    Published on: 26 May 2017

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