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Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Section edited by Laura Rinaldi and Michael Tildesley University of Warwick, UK

The epidemiology and modelling section publishes research which deals with the investigation of disease. A particular focus is on the management of disease which is of key importance to the government and the produce industry in addition to the general community. This includes papers dealing with spread and/or transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling, developing or applying new epidemiological methods based on a biological application. It also deals with descriptive epidemiological studies, meta-analyses and studies providing information of geographically limited interest.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    India has the largest Buffalo population in the world, with every household in rural India owning buffaloes depending upon daily milk requirement – dairy farmers can own between 10 to 70 buffaloes. The health ...

    Authors: Nimita Kant, Parul Kulshreshtha, Rashmi Singh, Anuradha Mal, Amita Dwivedi, Riya Ahuja, Rinkle Mehra, Mohit Tehlan, Paritosh Ahmed, Shilpa Kaushik, Shipra, Shashikant Kumar, Aas Mohammad, Shrikrishn Shukla, Damini Singh and Rakesh Bhatnagar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:329

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for large numbers of hospital-related and community-acquired infections. In this study, we investigated the presence of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in...

    Authors: M. M. Rahman, K. B. Amin, S. M. M. Rahman, A. Khair, M. Rahman, A. Hossain, A. K. M. A. Rahman, M. S. Parvez, N. Miura and M. M. Alam

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:300

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A rising isolation trend of drug-resistant M. bovis from human clinical cases is documented in the literature. Here we assessed Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates from cattle for drug susceptibility by t...

    Authors: Saif Eddine Djemal, Cristina Camperio, Federica Armas, Mariam Siala, Salma Smaoui, Feriele Messadi-Akrout, Radhouane Gdoura and Cinzia Marianelli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:296

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  4. Content type: Case Report

    Tuberculosis is widely known as a progressive disease that affects endothermic animals, leading to death and/or economical losses, while mycobacterial infections in amphibians are commonly due to nontuberculou...

    Authors: Cassia Yumi Ikuta, Laura Reisfeld, Bruna Silvatti, Fernanda Auciello Salvagni, Catia Dejuste de Paula, Allan Patrick Pessier, José Luiz Catão-Dias and José Soares Ferreira Neto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:289

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  5. Content type: Research article

    During last decade Lampedusa island (Italy) has been interested by a deep social change caused by the massive arrival of migrants from north Africa. The goal of this study was to evaluate current CanL burden a...

    Authors: Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Manuela Gizzarelli, Fabrizio Vitale, Serena Montagnaro, Alessandra Torina, Salvo Sotera and Gaetano Oliva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:286

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Rabies is a major zoonotic disease affecting humans, domestic and wildlife mammals. Cattle are the most important domestic animals impacted by rabies virus in the New World, leading to thousands of cattle deat...

    Authors: Sabine E. Hutter, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Silvia Lucia Fallas González, Bernal León, Katharina Brugger, Mario Baldi, L. Mario Romero, Yan Gao and Luis Fernando Chaves

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:285

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The role of bats as reservoirs of zoonotic agents, especially pathogenic bacteria such as Bartonella and Coxiella, has been discussed around the world. Recent studies have identified bats as potential hosts of...

    Authors: Michelle Santos Ferreira, Alexandro Guterres, Tatiana Rozental, Roberto Leonan Morim Novaes, Emmanuel Messias Vilar, Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Jorlan Fernandes, Danielle Forneas, Adonai Alvino Junior, Martha Lima Brandão, José Luis Passos Cordeiro, Martín Roberto Del Valle Alvarez, Sergio Luiz Althoff, Ricardo Moratelli, Pedro Cordeiro-Estrela, Rui Cerqueira da Silva…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:279

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a zoonotic disease of cattle caused by Mycobacterium bovis, widespread in England and Wales. It has high incidence towards the South West of England and Wales, with much lower inciden...

    Authors: Colin P. D. Birch, Ashley Goddard and Oliver Tearne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:273

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Timely diagnosis of influenza A virus infections is critical for outbreak control. Due to their rapidity and other logistical advantages, lateral flow immunoassays can support influenza A virus surveillance pr...

    Authors: Amos Ssematimba, Sasidhar Malladi, Peter J. Bonney, Cristian Flores-Figueroa, Jeannette Muñoz-Aguayo, David A. Halvorson and Carol J. Cardona

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:265

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Rift Valley fever (RVF) is classified as viral hemorrhagic fever and is endemic in East and West Africa. RVF is caused by an arthropod borne virus (RVFV); the disease is zoonotic and affects human, animal heal...

    Authors: Ngabo Herbert Budasha, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Tesfaalem Tekleghiorghis Sebhatu and Ezama Arnold

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:271

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Inexpensive and convenient diagnostic tests for use in clinical work and for the surveillance of infection with Mycoplasma bovis are in demand. The objective of this longitudinal field study was to gain knowledge...

    Authors: Mette Bisgaard Petersen, Nadeeka K. Wawegama, Matthew Denwood, Philip F. Markham, Glenn F. Browning and Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:258

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella is a major zoonotic food-borne pathogen that persists on poultry farms, and animals undergo reinfection with endemic strains. The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics and disseminatio...

    Authors: Ke Shang, Bai Wei and Min Kang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:257

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Candida spp. is the vital pathogen involved in mycotic mastitis of cows. However the epidemiology and infection of Candida species in mycotic mastitis of cow in Ningxia province of China has not been explored. In...

    Authors: Jun Du, Xiaoyu Wang, Huixia Luo, Yujiong Wang, Xiaoming Liu and Xuezhang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:251

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an acute viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals with high economic impact. FMD remains endemic in Iran particularly in the livestock-dense province of Khorasan Razavi in northea...

    Authors: Kayhan Ilbeigi, Saied Bokaie, Sina Aghasharif, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães and Mohamad Rashtibaf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:253

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is a contagious, opportunistic pathogen that causes clinical or subclinical mastitis in dairy cattle. The genetic background and antimicrobial resistance of isolates from Ethiopian dairy far...

    Authors: S. A. Mekonnen, T. J. G. M. Lam, J. Hoekstra, V. P. M. G. Rutten, T. S. Tessema, E. M. Broens, A. E. Riesebos, M. P. Spaninks and G. Koop

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:246

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Canine breeds may be considered good animal models for the study of genetic predisposition to cancer, as they represent genetic clusters. From epidemiologic and case collection studies it emerges that some bre...

    Authors: Stefano Comazzi, Stefano Marelli, Marzia Cozzi, Rita Rizzi, Riccardo Finotello, Joaquim Henriques, Josep Pastor, Frederique Ponce, Carla Rohrer-Bley, Barbara C. Rütgen and Erik Teske

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:232

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  17. Content type: Research article

    African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is an infectious non contagious insect-transmitted double-stranded (ds) RNA orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. AHSV causes an often fatal hemorrhagic infection with high morta...

    Authors: Siham T. Karamalla, Ahmed I. Gubran, Ibrahim A. Adam, Tamadur M. Abdalla, Reem O. Sinada, Eltahir M. Haroun and Imadeldin E. Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:230

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), one of the most important neglected diseases worldwide, is increasing in Brazil. The objectives of this study were to determine the canine VL (CanL) seroprevalence...

    Authors: Danielle Nunes Carneiro Castro Costa, Marta Blangiardo, Lilian Aparecida Colebrusco Rodas, Caris Maroni Nunes, Roberto Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto, José Eduardo Tolezano, Lucas Xavier Bonfietti, Patricia Marques Moralejo Bermudi, Rafael Silva Cipriano, Graziela Cândido Diniz Cardoso, Cláudia Torres Codeço and Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:229

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the burden and predictors of canine E. coli urinary tract infections (UTI) and antimicrobial resistance among dogs presented at a veterinary teaching hospital in South Africa, 2007–2012.

    Authors: Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Lufuno Phophi, Vinny Naidoo, James Wabwire Oguttu and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:228

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In sub-Saharan Africa, livestock transhumance represents a key adaptation strategy to environmental variability. In this context, seasonal livestock transhumance also plays an important role in driving the dyn...

    Authors: Paolo Motta, Thibaud Porphyre, Saidou M. Hamman, Kenton L. Morgan, Victor Ngu Ngwa, Vincent N. Tanya, Eran Raizman, Ian G. Handel and Barend Mark Bronsvoort

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:214

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The cattle industry is one of the most important Brazilian agribusiness sectors and is a strong contributor to the national economy. Annually about 44.6 million calves are bred, which makes the optimal managem...

    Authors: Ingrid Bortolin Affonso Lux Hoppe, Andréa Souza Ramos de Medeiros, Clarice Weis Arns and Samir Issa Samara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:208

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although mustelids occur worldwide and include a wide range of species, little is known about the diseases affecting them. Mustelids have regularly been submitted for post mortem investigation in the framework...

    Authors: E. Akdesir, F. C. Origgi, J. Wimmershoff, J. Frey, C. F. Frey and M.-P. Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:195

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Animal health data recorded in free text, such as in necropsy reports, can have valuable information for national surveillance systems. However, these data are rarely utilized because the text format requires ...

    Authors: Susanne Küker, Celine Faverjon, Lenz Furrer, John Berezowski, Horst Posthaus, Fabio Rinaldi and Flavie Vial

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:191

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Avian Influenza A (H5N1) virus is endemic in poultry in Egypt. The winter of 2014/2015 was particularly worrying as new clusters of HPAI A (H5N1) virus emerged, leading to an important number of AI A (H5N1...

    Authors: Jean Artois, Carla Ippoliti, Annamaria Conte, Madhur S. Dhingra, Pastor Alfonso, Abdelgawad El Tahawy, Ahmed Elbestawy, Hany F. Ellakany and Marius Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:187

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bat rabies surveillance data and risk factors for rabies spillover without human cases have been evaluated in Curitiba, the ninth biggest city in Brazil, during a 6-year period (2010–2015). A retrospective ana...

    Authors: Juliano Ribeiro, Claudia Staudacher, Camila Marinelli Martins, Leila Sabrina Ullmann, Fernando Ferreira, João Pessoa Araujo Jr and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:173

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Porcine epidemic diarrhoea (PED) is an emerging disease in pigs that causes massive economic losses in the swine industry, with high mortality in suckling piglets. Early identification of PED virus (PEDV)-infe...

    Authors: Thi Ngan Mai, Van Diep Nguyen, Wataru Yamazaki, Tamaki Okabayashi, Shuya Mitoma, Kosuke Notsu, Yuta Sakai, Ryoji Yamaguchi, Junzo Norimine and Satoshi Sekiguchi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:172

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Avian-origin H3N2 canine influenza virus (CIV) has been the most common subtype in Korea and China since 2007. Here, we compared the pathogenicity and transmissibility of three H3N2 CIV strains [Chinese CIV (J...

    Authors: Xing Xie, Woonsung Na, Aram Kang, Minjoo Yeom, Heejun Yuk, Hyoungjoon Moon, Sung-jae Kim, Hyun-Woo Kim, Jeong-Ki Kim, Maoda Pang, Yongshan Wang, Yongjie Liu and Daesub Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:149

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Fasciola hepatica and Ostertagia ostertagi infections are widespread in cattle population of Europe, however data on their prevalence in Poland are only fragmentary. Therefore, the cross-sectional study was carri...

    Authors: Sławomir J. Kowalczyk, Michał Czopowicz, Corinna N. Weber, Elisabeth Müller, Tomasz Nalbert, Andrzej Bereznowski and Jarosław Kaba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:131

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Sarcoptic mange has recently emerged in wild boar in Switzerland, raising the question of the origin of the infection. The main aim of this study was to assess the extent of exposure of the wild boar populatio...

    Authors: Chloé Haas, Francesco C. Origgi, Sophie Rossi, Jorge R. López-Olvera, Luca Rossi, Raquel Castillo-Contreras, Anna Malmsten, Anne-Marie Dalin, Riccardo Orusa, Serena Robetto, Luciano Pignata, Santiago Lavín and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:117

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) and Bovine Herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) cause reproductive problems in cattle and restrictions on international trade in animals worldwide. Both infections were detected in ca...

    Authors: Leíse Gomes Fernandes, Edviges Maristela Pituco, Adriana Hellmeister de Campos Nogueira Romaldini, Eliana De Stefano, Inácio José Clementino, Amanda Rafaela Alves Maia, Carolina de Sousa Américo Batista Santos, Clebert José Alves and Sérgio Santos de Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:102

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV-1) causes neonatal mortality and reproductive failure in goats. Despite its impact on herd reproductive performance, few studies have investigated the risk factors associated with C...

    Authors: S. Bertolini, A. Rosamilia, C. Caruso, C. Maurella, F. Ingravalle, A. Quasso, P. L. Acutis, M. Pitti, L. Masoero and G. Ru

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:94

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Livestock herds are interconnected with each other via an intricate network of transports of animals which represents a potential substrate for the spread of epidemic diseases. We analysed four years (2012–201...

    Authors: Beatriz Vidondo and Bernhard Voelkl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:88

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in cattle, goats, and camels, and its zoonotic potential within the traditional livestock raising communities in four regi...

    Authors: Michael K. Ghebremariam, A. L. Michel, J. C. M. Vernooij, M. Nielen and V. P. M. G. Rutten

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:73

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) remains among the leading causes of death of cattle internationally. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors associated with exposure to BRD pathogens during t...

    Authors: Gerard M. Murray, Simon J. More, Tracy A. Clegg, Bernadette Earley, Rónan G. O’Neill, Dayle Johnston, John Gilmore, Mikhail Nosov, Máire C. McElroy, Thomas J. Inzana and Joseph P. Cassidy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:53

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Contagious mastitis is an important disease in dairy cattle, and the causative agent S. aureus can also impair raw milk cheese quality. In a confined region in eastern Switzerland attitude, knowledge and behaviou...

    Authors: Marie-Eve Cousin, Maria Christina Härdi-Landerer, Verena Völk and Michèle Bodmer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:46

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly infectious disease causing considerable economic losses to poultry farmers worldwide. Conventional vaccine delivery methods are not suitable for smallholder and rural poultry...

    Authors: Kibrom Mebrahtu, S. Teshale, Wendimeneh Esatu, Tadios Habte and Esayas Gelaye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:48

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance limits traditional treatment options and increases costs. It is therefore important to estimate the magnitude of the problem so as to provide empirical data to guide control efforts. T...

    Authors: Ronita Adams, Jackie Smith, Stephen Locke, Erica Phillips, Erdal Erol, Craig Carter and Agricola Odoi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:42

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Dairy production in Bosnia and Herzegovina exhibits limited productivity, which may partly, be explained by extensive reproductive problems of non-infectious and infectious origin. Brucella spp., Chlamydia abortu...

    Authors: Adis Softic, Kassahun Asmare, Erik Georg Granquist, Jacques Godfroid, Nihad Fejzic and Eystein Skjerve

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:40

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  39. Content type: Methodology article

    Infectious diseases in farmed animals have economic, social, and health consequences. Foreign animal diseases (FAD) of swine are of significant concern. Mathematical and simulation models are often used to sim...

    Authors: Salah Uddin Khan, Terri L. O’Sullivan, Zvonimir Poljak, Janet Alsop and Amy L. Greer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:31

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a widespread chronic disease of ruminants that causes severe economic losses to the dairy cattle industry worldwide. The objective of this study was to evaluat...

    Authors: Gustavo Machado, Kaushi Kanankege, Val Schumann, Scott Wells, Andres Perez and Julio Alvarez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:28

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pseudorabies (PR) is an important emerging infectious disease that is characterized by fever, extreme itching and encephalomyelitis. However, it is still unclear whether Tibetan pigs are exposed to Pseudorabie...

    Authors: Qingxia Wu, Hui Zhang, Hailong Dong, Khalid Mehmood, Zhenyu Chang, Kun Li, Suozhu Liu, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Fazul Nabi, Muhammad Tariq Javed, Hongyun Zhu and Jiakui Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:25

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, t...

    Authors: N. Moyen, G. Ahmed, S. Gupta, T. Tenzin, R. Khan, T. Khan, N. Debnath, M. Yamage, D.U. Pfeiffer and G. Fournie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:12

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Direct and indirect contact among animals and holdings are important in the spread of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of slaughterhouse vehicles in spreading B....

    Authors: Enrico Giacomini, Sara Gasparrini, Massimiliano Lazzaro, Federico Scali, Maria Beatrice Boniotti, Attilio Corradi, Paolo Pasquali and Giovanni Loris Alborali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:10

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  44. Content type: Research

    There are limited data available, in Ireland or elsewhere, to determine the extent of exposure to various endemic diseases among beef cows and factors associated with exposure to causative pathogens. The objec...

    Authors: Damien Barrett, Mervyn Parr, John Fagan, Alan Johnson, Jamie Tratalos, Francis Lively, Michael Diskin and David Kenny

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:8

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  45. Content type: Methodology article

    There is a general consensus in recognizing that traditional meat inspection is no longer able to address the hazards related to meat consumption. Moreover, it has been shown that invasive procedures, such as ...

    Authors: Sergio Ghidini, Emanuela Zanardi, Pierluigi Aldo Di Ciccio, Silvio Borrello, Giancarlo Belluzi, Sarah Guizzardi and Adriana Ianieri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:6

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, remains a significant problem for livestock industries in many countries worldwide including Northern Ireland, where a test and slaughter regime has utili...

    Authors: Andrew W. Byrne, Jordon Graham, Craig Brown, Aoibheann Donaghy, Maria Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, Jim McNair, Robin Skuce, Adrian Allen and Stanley McDowell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:400

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  47. Content type: Debate

    Today’s globalised and interconnected world is characterized by intertwined and quickly evolving relationships between animals, humans and their environment and by an escalating number of accessible data for p...

    Authors: Laura Contalbrigo, Stefano Borgo, Giandomenico Pozza and Stefano Marangon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:397

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Bovine anaplasmosis is an endemic disease in tropical and subtropical areas. It is caused by a bacterium named Anaplasma marginale, and represents an economic problem for cattle farmers due to the losses it gener...

    Authors: Leandro Tana-Hernández, Katherine Navarrete-Arroyo, Jorge Ron-Román, Armando Reyna-Bello and María Augusta Chávez-Larrea

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:392

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Sheep pox and goat pox are contagious viral diseases of sheep and goats, respectively. The diseases result in substantial economic losses due to decreased milk and meat production, damage to hides and wool, an...

    Authors: Tsegaw Fentie, Nigusie Fenta, Samson Leta, Wassie Molla, Birhanu Ayele, Yechale Teshome, Seleshe Nigatu and Ashenafi Assefa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:385

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