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Cardiology

Section edited by Prof. Joshua Stern 

The cardiology section considers research that addresses the etiology and treatment of cardiovascular disorders in veterinary patients. This includes, but not limited to, studies on therapeutic strategies, molecular diagnostics, genetics and genomics, epidemiology, anatomical studies, and comparative cardiology. 

  1. The left atrium (LA) is an important prognostic parameter in cardiac pathologies of cats. Its size is currently measured in one-dimensional methods, while human medicine considers two- and three-dimensional ec...

    Authors: Janina Rauch, Michael Fehr, Martin Beyerbach and Stephan O. Hungerbuehler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:263

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Following myocardial infarction (MI), we aimed to characterize morphometric and genetic changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) components from ischemia onset until late phases after coronary reperfusion in necr...

    Authors: Cesar Rios-Navarro, Maria Ortega, Victor Marcos-Garces, Jose Gavara, Elena de Dios, Nerea Perez-Sole, Francisco J. Chorro, Vicente Bodi and Amparo Ruiz-Sauri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:262

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare form of cardiomyopathy currently described in humans and cats. It consists of a spongy myocardium characterized by prominent trabeculation and deep recesses invo...

    Authors: Maria Vilcu, Iuliu Scurtu, Dan G. Ohad, Ionel Papuc, Laura Scurtu and Flaviu Tabaran

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:255

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Congenital heart diseases are occasionally encountered in the bovine species. Ventricular septal defects (VSD) and atrial septal defects (ASD) are reported to be the most common; however, a vast collection hav...

    Authors: Aine McManus, Tim Moloney, Pamela Kelly, Conor Rowan, Cliona Skelly and Catherine I. McAloon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:224

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Echocardiography is the most frequently used non -invasive diagnostic tool to evaluate cardiac anatomy and function in domestic species but increasingly also in non -domestic species, especially since cardiac ...

    Authors: Laurent Locquet, Blandine Houdellier, Bart J. G. Broeckx, Tim Bouts, Veronique Liekens, Jimmy H. Saunders and Pascale Smets

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:217

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate, through videothermometry, the temperature variation in the hearts of rabbits, that underwent induced myocardial ischemia and reperfusion.

    Authors: Tomas Ottoni Barroso da Silva, Leonardo Waldstein de Moura Vidal, Paula Gebe Abreu Cabral, Matheus Roberto da Mota Costa, Silvia Marcela Ruiz Cadena, Marcelo Borges dos Santos Junior, Fernanda Antunes and André Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:142

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Aortic regurgitation (AR) may lead to left ventricular (LV) dilatation, cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure. Close follow-up of horses with AR is therefore paramount to detect onset of cardiac decompensation...

    Authors: A. Decloedt, S. Ven, D. De Clercq, F. Rademakers and G. van Loon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:93

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Two-dimensional speckle tracking (2DST) technique has been validated in numerous animal species, but neither studies of repeatability nor measurements after exercise or in animals with cardiac disease have bee...

    Authors: Aurélia A. Leroux, Marie Moonen, Frédéric Farnir, Stefan Deleuze, Charlotte Sandersen and Hélène Amory

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:56

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although significant efforts have been put into restituting the European bison (Bison bonasus) and increasing its population, it remains a globally endangered species and requires conservation. Protection program...

    Authors: Karolina Barszcz, Michał Polguj, Karolina Goździewska-Harłajczuk, Joanna Klećkowska-Nawrot, Katarzyna Olbrych, Robert Haładaj and Marta Kupczyńska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common cardiovascular cause of death in cats. Although the majority of cats remain asymptomatic, some may develop signs of chronic heart failure due to diastolic failure...

    Authors: Marcin Michałek, Aleksandra Tabiś, Urszula Pasławska and Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:26

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD), the most common naturally-occurring heart disease in dogs, is associated with alterations in energy metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation. Energy deprivation pla...

    Authors: Qinghong Li, Allison Heaney, Natalie Langenfeld-McCoy, Brittany Vester Boler and Dorothy P. Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:425

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Inconsistency of treatment response in cats with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is well recognized. We hypothesized that the difference in response to beta-blockers may be caused by myocardial functio...

    Authors: Ryohei Suzuki, Yohei Mochizuki, Yunosuke Yuchi, Yuyo Yasumura, Takahiro Saito, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto and Hidekazu Koyama

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:376

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Exercise testing in conjunction with measurement of cardiac biomarkers NT-proBNP and cTnI is a useful tool for monitoring the effect of treatment on cardiac patients. Administering Pimobendan in dogs with dege...

    Authors: Nayeli Iwanuk, Ingo Nolte, Leona Wall, Maximiliane Sehn, Jonathan Raue, Anna Pilgram, Katja Rumstedt and Jan-Peter Bach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:237

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most deleterious conditions leading to cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The importance of an early and accurate diagnosis assures immediate medical treatme...

    Authors: Esther López, Francisco Miguel Sánchez-Margallo, Verónica Álvarez, Rebeca Blázquez, Federica Marinaro, Ana Abad, Helena Martín, Claudia Báez, Virginia Blanco, Verónica Crisóstomo and Javier García Casado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:91

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Precise understanding of the dimensions of the vascular lumina is essential for accurate interpretation of cardiac vessels imaging. To the authors’ best knowledge, this is the first study focusing on the ultra...

    Authors: Natalia Siwinska, Marcin Michalek, Agnieszka Zak, Malwina Slowikowska, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Artur Niedzwiedz and Urszula Paslawska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In both humans and animals, cardiac fibrosarcoma is rare among primary cardiac malignant neoplasia. The overall prevalence of cardiac neoplasia in dogs is low, reported to be between 0.17% and 0.19% of hospita...

    Authors: Radu Andrei Baisan, Vasile Vulpe, Mircea Lazăr and Sorin Aurelian Pașca

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:398

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Heart rate variability (HRV) parameters, and especially RMSSD (root mean squared successive differences in RR interval), could distinguish atrial fibrillation (AF) from sinus rhythm(SR) in horses, as was demon...

    Authors: B. Broux, D. De Clercq, L. Vera, S. Ven, P. Deprez, A. Decloedt and G. van Loon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:320

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Canine veterinary patients increasingly benefit from implantation of transvenous pacemakers for bradyarrhythmias. No published data exist examining procedural outcomes of pacemaker implantation performed in th...

    Authors: Lynne E. Swanson, Barbara A. Huibregtse and Brian A. Scansen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:112

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In human and veterinary medicine, monophasic action potential (MAP) analysis and determination of local refractory periods by contact electrode technique gives valuable information about local cardiac electrop...

    Authors: Dominique De Clercq, Barbara Broux, Lisse Vera, Annelies Decloedt and Gunther van Loon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:101

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Haemodynamic variations normally occur in anaesthetized animals, in relation to the animal status, administered drugs, sympathetic and parasympathetic tone, fluid therapy and surgical stimulus. The possibility...

    Authors: Angela Briganti, Flavia Evangelista, Paola Centonze, Annaliso Rizzo, Francesco Bentivegna, Antonio Crovace and Francesco Staffieri

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:72

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Exercise induced cardiac fatigue (EICF) and cardiac dysrhythmias are well described conditions identified in high-level human athletes that increase in frequency with intensity and duration of exercise. Identi...

    Authors: Catherine T. Gunther-Harrington, Rick Arthur, Krista Estell, Beatriz Martinez Lopez, Alexandra Sinnott, Eric Ontiveros, Anita Varga and Joshua A. Stern

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:18

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cats with pleural effusion represent common emergencies in small animal practice. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the diagnostic ability of a point-of-care ELISA (POC-ELISA) for the measur...

    Authors: Gabriel Wurtinger, Estelle Henrich, Nicolai Hildebrandt, Nicola Wiedemann, Matthias Schneider and Esther Hassdenteufel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:394

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a congenital heart anomaly where the right ventricle is divided into two chambers. We describe, for the first time, an unusual combination of DCRV combined with some ...

    Authors: Iuliu Scurtu, Flaviu Tabaran, Mircea Mircean, Gavril Giurgiu, Andras Nagy, Cornel Catoi and Dan G. Ohad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:367

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Cardiac output (CO) is an important haemodynamic parameter to monitor in patients during surgery. However, the majority of the techniques for measuring CO have a limited application in veterinary practice due ...

    Authors: Matheus M. Mantovani, Denise T. Fantoni, André M. Gimenes, Jacqueline R. de Castro, Patrícia B. Flor, Keila K. Ida and Denise S. Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:325

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Many patients with a congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PSS) do not tolerate an immediate shunt closure. Therefore, slow progressive techniques were developed. To evaluate the success of shunt closur...

    Authors: Sebastian Schaub, Antje Hartmann, Tobias Schwarz, Karsten Kemper, Kerstin H. Pueckler and Matthias A. Schneider

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:283

    Content type: Methodology article

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  26. Although premature beats are a matter of concern in horses, the interpretation of equine ECG recordings is complicated by a lack of standardized analysis criteria and a limited knowledge of the normal beat-to-...

    Authors: Mette Flethøj, Jørgen K. Kanters, Philip J. Pedersen, Maria M. Haugaard, Helena Carstensen, Lisbeth H. Olsen and Rikke Buhl

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:266

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The heart’s physiological adaptation to aerobic training leads to an increase in heart chamber size, and is referred to as the Athlete's heart. However, heart dimensions are also related to body weight (BWT), ...

    Authors: D. S. Trachsel, A. Giraudet, D. Maso, G. Hervé, D. D. Hauri, E. Barrey and C. Robert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:226

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Cardiac troponin-I assays have been validated in horses.’High-sensitivity’ cardiac troponin assays are now the standard in human cardiology. Objective: Appropriately validate the’high-sensitivity’ cardiac Troponi...

    Authors: E. Shields, I. Seiden-Long, S. Massie, S. Passante and R. Leguillette

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:104

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and chronic mitral valve disease (CMVD) in dogs are associated with heart chamber enlargement, also of the left atrium. DCM is often accompanied by rhythm disturbances (mainly atri...

    Authors: Izabela Janus, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Marcin Nowak, Rafał Ciaputa, Małgorzata Kandefer-Gola and Urszula Pasławska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Thoracic aortic rupture and aortopulmonary fistulation are rare conditions in horses. It mainly affects Friesian horses. Intrinsic differences in biomechanical properties of the aortic wall might predispose th...

    Authors: Veronique Saey, Nele Famaey, Marija Smoljkic, Erik Claeys, Gunther van Loon, Richard Ducatelle, Margreet Ploeg, Catherine Delesalle, Andrea Gröne, Luc Duchateau and Koen Chiers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:285

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) enables accurate volume determination of the left ventricle (LV), since measurements in foreshortened depicted views are avertable. Different analyzing prog...

    Authors: Judith Eskofier, Patrick Wefstaedt, Martin Beyerbach, Ingo Nolte and Stephan O. Hungerbühler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:260

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Retropharyngeal hematoma is a rare condition that is difficult to diagnose and may progress rapidly to airway obstruction. The authors report the first known case of acute upper airway obstruction resulting fr...

    Authors: Verónica Vieitez, María Martín-Cuervo, Víctor López-Ramis and Luis Javier Ezquerra

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:257

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

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