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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Listeria monocytogenes infection is most commonly recognized in ruminants, including cattle, sheep, and goats; but it is rarely diagnosed in poultry. This report describes an outbreak of L. monocytogenes in a bac...

    Authors: Rocio Crespo, Michael M Garner, Sharon G Hopkins and Devendra H Shah

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:204

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal nematode infections constitute a threat to the health and welfare of donkeys worldwide. Their primary means of control is via anthelmintic treatments; however, use of these drugs has constrain...

    Authors: Claire E Scantlebury, Laura Peachey, Jane Hodgkinson, Jacqui B Matthews, Andrew Trawford, Getachew Mulugeta, Gebre Tefera and Gina L Pinchbeck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:179

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, but especially in developing countries, coenurosis of sheep and other livestock is caused by Taenia multiceps larvae, and zoonotic infections occur in humans. Infections frequently lead to host death, ...

    Authors: Xuhang Wu, Yan Fu, Deying Yang, Yue Xie, Runhui Zhang, Wanpeng Zheng, Huaming Nie, Ning Yan, Ning Wang, Jiahai Wang, Xiaobin Gu, Shuxian Wang, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:162

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the larval stage (metacestode) of Echinococcus multilocularis. The domestic dog can act as a definitive host and harbor adult cestodes in its small intestine or become an...

    Authors: Caroline A Geigy, Karolin Kühn, Maja Rütten, Judith Howard, Felix Grimm and Carla Rohrer Bley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:159

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Babesia parasites, mainly Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, are tick-borne hemoparasites inducing bovine babesiosis in cattle globally. The clinical signs of the disease include, among others, anemia, fever and hemo...

    Authors: Moses Sibusiso Mtshali and Phillip Senzo Mtshali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:154

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Infection of newly hatched chicks with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) results in an inflammatory response in the intestinal tract which may influence the composition of gut microbiota. I...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova, Marcela Faldynova and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:140

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The microsporidian Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei was first described from Thailand in 2009 in farmed, indigenous giant tiger shrimp Penaeus (Penaeus) monodon. The natural reservoir for the parasite is still unknown...

    Authors: Amornrat Tangprasittipap, Jiraporn Srisala, Saisunee Chouwdee, Montagan Somboon, Niti Chuchird, Chalor Limsuwan, Thinnarat Srisuvan, Timothy W Flegel and Kallaya Sritunyalucksana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:139

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira associated diarrhea is a re-emerging concern for Canadian swine producers. To identify critical control points for reducing the impact of Brachyspira on production, improved diagnostic tools and a bet...

    Authors: Amy H Patterson, Joseph E Rubin, Champika Fernando, Matheus O Costa, John CS Harding and Janet E Hill

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:137

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Echinococcus granulosus (EG) complex, the cause of cystic echinococcosis (CE), infects humans and several other animal species worldwide and hence the disease is of public health importance. Ten genetic variants,...

    Authors: Mohamed E Ahmed, Kamal H Eltom, Nasreen O Musa, Ibtisam A Ali, Fatima M Elamin, Martin P Grobusch and Imadeldin E Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:127

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is the most important chronic pulmonary disease of cattle on the African continent causing severe economic losses. The disease, caused by infection with Mycoplasma mycoide...

    Authors: Georg Mair, Edy M Vilei, Abel Wade, Joachim Frey and Hermann Unger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:108

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacteria other than M. bovis may interfere with current bovine tuberculosis diagnostic tests resulting in false positive test results. As the prevalence of M. bovis decreases in the United States, interferenc...

    Authors: Tyler C Thacker, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Beth Harris, Mitchell Van Palmer and Wade Ray Waters

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:100

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious, granulomatous disease caused by acid-fast bacilli of the genus Mycobacterium. The disease affects practically all species of vertebrates. Although mammalian tuberculosis has be...

    Authors: Sintayehu Mulugeta Arega, Franz Josef Conraths and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:97

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The Salmonella Gallinarum (SG) lon/cpxR deletion mutant JOL916 was developed as a live vaccine candidate for fowl typhoid (FT), and a SG mutant secreting an Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit (LTB...

    Authors: Byung Woo Jeon, Rahul M Nandre and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:96

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic pathogen of dogs and has emerged as a leading cause of skin, wound and surgical site infections worldwide. Methicillin resistance is common and clinical infecti...

    Authors: Ameet Singh, Meagan Walker, Joyce Rousseau and Jeffrey Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:93

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium spp. is one of the most important species of zoonotic pathogens that can be transmitted from cattle to humans. The presence of these opportunistic, pathogenic bacteria in bovine milk has emerged as ...

    Authors: Marília Masello Junqueira Franco, Antonio Carlos Paes, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, José Carlos de Figueiredo Pantoja, Adolfo Carlos Barreto Santos, Marcelo Miyata, Clarice Queico Fujimura Leite, Rodrigo Garcia Motta and Fernando José Paganini Listoni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:85

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella control in animal feed is important in order to protect animal and public health. Organic acids is one of the control measures used for treatment of Salmonella contaminated feed or feed ingredients. In...

    Authors: Sevinc Koyuncu, Mats Gunnar Andersson, Charlotta Löfström, Panagiotis N Skandamis, Antonia Gounadaki, Jürgen Zentek and Per Häggblom

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:81

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Little is currently known about Brucella evolution within the host during infection. The current study is the first to employ fine-scale genotyping on an isolate collection derived from a Brucella canis outbreak....

    Authors: Miklós Gyuranecz, Brandy D Rannals, Christina A Allen, Szilárd Jánosi, Paul S Keim and Jeffrey T Foster

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:76

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Bacteriologic culture remains one of the most important methods to diagnose bovine tuberculosis despite the lengthy incubation time, significant decontamination and media expense, and high biocontainment requi...

    Authors: Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M Bravo and Beth Harris

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:74

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In the absence of overt clinical signs of Johne’s Disease (JD), laboratory based tests have largely been limited to organism detection via faecal culture or PCR and serological tests for antibody reactivity. I...

    Authors: Rory O’Brien, Alan Hughes, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:72

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Gyr cows are well adapted to tropical conditions, resistant to some tropical diseases and have satisfactory milk production. However, Gyr dairy herds have a high prevalence of subclinical mastitis, which negat...

    Authors: Carolina Barbosa Malek dos Reis, Juliana Regina Barreiro, Lucinéia Mestieri, Marco Aurélio de Felício Porcionato and Marcos Veiga dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:67

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains are frequently encountered problems worldwide with considerable increased occurrences in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and frequency ...

    Authors: Maral Rahmani, Seyed Mostafa Peighambari, Christina Aaby Svendsen, Lina M Cavaco, Yvonne Agersø and Rene S Hendriksen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:66

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Infectious ovine epididymitis results in substantial economic losses worldwide due to reproductive failure and culling of breeders. The most common causative agents of these infections are Brucella ovis, Actinoba...

    Authors: Valéria S Moustacas, Teane MA Silva, Luciana F Costa, Mariana N Xavier, Custódio A Carvalho Jr, Érica A Costa, Tatiane A Paixão and Renato L Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:51

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development.

    Authors: Darko Marinković, Vladimir Kukolj, Sanja Aleksić-Kovačević, Milijan Jovanović and Milijana Knežević

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:45

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired disorder characterized by the activation of intravascular coagulation and excessive fibrin formation. It always occurs in association with other clin...

    Authors: Carla O Honse, Fabiano B Figueiredo, Nayro Xde Alencar, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Isabella DF Gremião and Tânia MP Schubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:43

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we characterised the microbiota present in the faeces of 15- and 46-week-old egg laying hens before and after tetracycline or streptomycin therapy. In the first experiment, the layers were subje...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Marcela Faldynova, Helena Juricova, Vladimir Babak, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:30

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Information on the genotypic diversity of Coxiella burnetii isolates from infected domestic ruminants in Spain is limited. The aim of this study was to identify the C. burnetii genotypes infecting livestock in No...

    Authors: Ianire Astobiza, Jeroen JHC Tilburg, Alvaro Piñero, Ana Hurtado, Ana L García-Pérez, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen and Corné HW Klaassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:241

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed i...

    Authors: Marconi Rodrigues de Farias, Juliana Werner, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, Sabrina Marin Rodigheri, Carolina Zaghi Cavalcante, Kung Darh Chi, Larissa Anuska Zeni Condas, Tohru Gonoi, Tetsuhiro Matsuzama and Katsukiyo Yazama

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:239

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is a well-recognized digestive disorder found in particular in well-managed dairy herds. SARA can result in increased flow of fermentable substrates to the hindgut, which can ...

    Authors: Shengyong Mao, Ruiyang Zhang, Dongsheng Wang and Weiyun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:237

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Psittacosis, an avian disease caused by Chlamydophila psittaci, can manifest as an acute, protracted, or chronic illness, but can also be asymptomatic. C. psittaci can persist in the host for months to years, oft...

    Authors: Tomasz Piasecki, Klaudia Chrząstek and Alina Wieliczko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:233

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Surgical site infections (SSIs) caused by biofilm-forming methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) have emerged as the most common hospital-acquired infections in companion animals. No methods...

    Authors: Matthew DiCicco, Suresh Neethirajan, Ameet Singh and J Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:225

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Vitamin A is essential for normal growth, development, reproduction, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, immune function and vision. Hypovitaminosis A can lead to a series of pathological damage in anima...

    Authors: Xiuyuan He, Yongtao Li, Meng Li, Guangmin Jia, Haiju Dong, Yanru Zhang, Cong He, Chuanqing Wang, Lixin Deng and Yurong Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:222

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In Zambia, the presence of bovine tuberculosis in both wild and domestic animals has long been acknowledged and mutual transmission between them has been predicted without any direct evidence. Elucidation of t...

    Authors: Mudenda B Hang’ombe, Musso Munyeme, Chie Nakajima, Yukari Fukushima, Haruka Suzuki, Wigganson Matandiko, Akihiro Ishii, Aaron S Mweene and Yasuhiko Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:221

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Glanders is a contagious and fatal zoonotic disease of solipeds caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia (B.) mallei. Although regulations call for culling of diseased animals, certain situations e.g. w...

    Authors: Muhammad Saqib, Ghulam Muhammad, Abeera Naureen, Muhammad H Hussain, M Nadeem Asi, M Khalid Mansoor, Mehdi Toufeer, Iahtasham Khan, Heinrich Neubauer and Lisa D Sprague

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:214

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In Europe, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398 has become an important pathogen in horses, circulating in equine clinics and causing both colonization and i...

    Authors: Annelies Van den Eede, Ann Martens, Isabelle Feryn, Wannes Vanderhaeghen, Urszula Lipinska, Frank Gasthuys, Patrick Butaye, Freddy Haesebrouck and Katleen Hermans

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:213

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The poultry industry due to intensive methods of farming is burdened with losses from numerous infectious agents, of which one is the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In a preliminary study, the extracts of Loxostyl...

    Authors: Mohammed M Suleiman, Neil Duncan, Jacobus N Eloff and Vinny Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:210

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to determine the genetic lineages and the incidence of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants of nasal Staphylococcus aureus isolates of healthy donkeys destined to food ...

    Authors: Haythem Gharsa, Rym Ben Sallem, Karim Ben Slama, Elena Gómez-Sanz, Carmen Lozano, Ahlem Jouini, Naouel Klibi, Myriam Zarazaga, Abdellatif Boudabous and Carmen Torres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:203

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Salmonellosis in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves is a widespread disease characterized by severe gastrointestinal lesions, profuse diarrhea and severe dehydration, occasionally exhibiting a systemic course...

    Authors: Giorgia Borriello, Maria G Lucibelli, Michele Pesciaroli, Maria R Carullo, Caterina Graziani, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Danilo Ercolini, Paolo Pasquali and Giorgio Galiero

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:201

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Comparatively little is known about the prevalence or the molecular characteristics of the zoonotic pathogen E. coli O157:H7 in the sheep reservoir. To investigate this and determine the host specificity of subcl...

    Authors: Robert Söderlund, Ingela Hedenström, Anna Nilsson, Erik Eriksson and Anna Aspán

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:200

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The study was designed to investigate correlation between histological findings of Lawsonia intracellularis in porcine cases of diarrhoea and the quantitative detection of Lawsonia intracellularis in faeces. A to...

    Authors: Ken Steen Pedersen, Marie Ståhl, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Øystein Angen, Jens Peter Nielsen and Tim K Jensen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:198

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Most countries carrying out campaigns of bovine tuberculosis (TB) eradication impose a ban on the use of mycobacterial vaccines in cattle. However, vaccination against paratuberculosis (PTB) in goats is often ...

    Authors: Bernat Pérez de Val, Miquel Nofrarías, Sergio López-Soria, Joseba M Garrido, H Martin Vordermeier, Bernardo Villarreal-Ramos, Maite Martín, Eugenia Puentes, Ramón A Juste and Mariano Domingo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:191

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cattle shedding at least 104 CFU Escherichia coli O157:H7/g feces are described as super-shedders and have been shown to increase transmission of E. coli O157:H7 to other cattle in feedlots. This study investigat...

    Authors: Kim Stanford, Chelsey A Agopsowicz and Tim A McAllister

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:178

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The establishment of safe and effective protocols to treat chytridiomycosis in amphibians is urgently required. In this study, the usefulness of antibacterial agents to clear chytridiomycosis from infected amp...

    Authors: Mariska Muijsers, An Martel, Pascale Van Rooij, Kris Baert, Griet Vercauteren, Richard Ducatelle, Patrick De Backer, Francis Vercammen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Frank Pasmans

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:175

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The bacterium Coxiella burnetii has caused unprecedented outbreaks of Q fever in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2010. Since 2007, over 4000 human cases have been reported, with 2354 cases in 2009 alone. Dairy g...

    Authors: Arnout de Bruin, Pleunie TW van Alphen, Rozemarijn QJ van der Plaats, Lianne ND de Heer, Chantal BEM Reusken, Bart J van Rotterdam and Ingmar Janse

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:165

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  44. Content type: Methodology article

    The allergic test of mallein is one of the most frequently used tests, together with the Complement Fixation Test (CFT), for the diagnosis of glanders in endemic areas. Mallein, a purified protein derivative (...

    Authors: Maurício Baltazar de Carvalho Filho, Rodrigo Mauro Ramos, Antônio Augusto Fonseca Jr, Lívia de Lima Orzil, Mariana Lázaro Sales, Vania Lucia de Assis Santana, Marcilia Maria Alves de Souza, Evandro dos Reis Machado, Paulo Rodrigues Lopes Filho, Rômulo Cerqueira Leite and Jenner Karlisson Pimenta dos Reis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:154

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) can cause a variety of infections outside the gastrointestinal tract in humans and animals. Infections due to swine ExPECs have been occurring with increasing f...

    Authors: Yi Ding, Xibiao Tang, Ping Lu, Bin Wu, Zhuofei Xu, Wugang Liu, Ruixuan Zhang, Weicheng Bei, Huanchun Chen and Chen Tan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:140

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Lyme disease is a widespread cosmopolitan zoonosis caused by species belonging to the genus Borrelia. It is transmitted from animal reservoir hosts to humans through hard - ticks of genus Ixodes which are vectors...

    Authors: Călin M Gherman, Attila D Sándor, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Mihai Marinov and Andrei D Mihalca

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:137

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diseases in plants, animals and humans are often transmitted indirectly between hosts (or between groups of hosts), i.e. via some route through the environment instead of via direct contacts between...

    Authors: Bram AD van Bunnik, Thomas J Hagenaars, Nico M Bolder, Gonnie Nodelijk and Mart CM de Jong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:123

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Within the last decade, macrophages have been shown to be capable of differentiating toward a classically activated phenotype (M1) with a high antimicrobial potential or an alternatively activated phenotype (M...

    Authors: Kamila Kyrova, Hana Stepanova, Ivan Rychlik, Martin Faldyna and Jiri Volf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:115

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Contagious agalactia (CA) of sheep and goats caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae is a widely occurring economically important disease that is difficult to control. The ELISA is commonly used for the serological detec...

    Authors: François Poumarat, Dominique Le Grand, Patrice Gaurivaud, Emilie Gay, Myriam Chazel, Yvette Game and Dominique Bergonier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:109

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