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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidiosis in dogs has been reported worldwide, involving both asymptomatic and diarrheic dogs. Large-scale surveys of Cryptosporidium infection in dogs have been performed in some countries using differen...

    Authors: Fuchun Jian, Meng Qi, Xiaoyi He, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Heping Dong and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:26

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diarrhea can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or protozoan organisms, or a combination of these. The identification of co-infections in dogs is important to determine the prognosis and to plan strate...

    Authors: Aline Baumann da Rocha Gizzi, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Christian M Leutenegger, Marko Estrada, Denise Adamczyk Kozemjakin, Rafael Stedile, Mary Marcondes and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:23

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Non-tuberculous mycobacteria responsible for piscine mycobacteriosis usually produce visceral granulomas in both freshwater and marine species. In this study, the first occurrence of Mycobacterium chelonae associ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Antuofermo, Antonio Pais, Sara Nuvoli, Udo Hetzel, Giovanni P Burrai, Stefano Rocca, Monica Caffara, Ilaria Giorgi, Claudio Pedron and Marino Prearo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:18

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-positive (CoPS) and coagulase-negative (CoNS) staphylococci are normal commensals of the skin and mucosa, but are also opportunist pathogens. Meticillin-resistant (MR) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) i...

    Authors: Vanessa M Schmidt, Nicola J Williams, Gina Pinchbeck, Caroline E Corless, Stephen Shaw, Neil McEwan, Susan Dawson and Tim Nuttall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157) has been isolated from bison retail meat, a fact that is important given that bison meat has been implicated in an E. coli O157-multistate outbreak. In addition, E. coli O157 ...

    Authors: Indira T Kudva and Judith A Stasko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:266

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The bacteriophage therapy is an effective antimicrobial approach with potentially important applications in medicine and biotechnology which can be seen as an additional string in the bow. Emerging drug resist...

    Authors: Krishna Khairnar, Mahendra P Raut, Rajshree H Chandekar, Swapnil G Sanmukh and Waman N Paunikar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:264

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in wildlife species poses a threat to domestic livestock in many situations. Control programs for bTB in livestock depend on testing and slaughtering the positive animals; however, th...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johnson, Colin G Mackintosh, J Frank T Griffin, W Ray Waters, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:256

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is a clinical condition affecting eyes of domestic and wild Caprinae worldwide, and Mycoplasma conjunctivae is considered the primary causative agent of IKC in sheep, goats a...

    Authors: Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Óscar Cabezón, Ignasi Marco, Gregorio Mentaberre, Joachim Frey, Santiago Lavín and Jorge R López-Olvera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:253

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  9. Content type: Methodology article

    Francisellosis, caused by the bacterium Francisella noatunensis subsp. noatunensis, remains a serious threat to Atlantic cod (Gadhus morhua) farming in Norway and potentially in other countries. As outbreak strai...

    Authors: Samuel Duodu, Xihe Wan, Nora Martinussen Tandstad, Pär Larsson, Kerstin Myrtennäs, Andreas Sjödin, Mats Forsman and Duncan J Colquhoun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:252

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  10. Content type: Research article

    For satisfactory Salmonella control, good biosecurity along the pork production chain is crucial, although additional control measures on-farm need to be considered. This study evaluated the effect of two potenti...

    Authors: Lotte De Ridder, Dominiek Maes, Jeroen Dewulf, Frank Pasmans, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Estelle Méroc, Stefan Roels, Bregje Leyman, Patrick Butaye and Yves Van der Stede

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:243

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Sheep constitute the second major component of livestock in Ethiopia. However, efficient utilization of this potential resource is hampered by combination of health problems, poor management and feed shortage....

    Authors: Haimanot D Marru, Takele T Anijajo and Adem A Hassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:239

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  12. Content type: Review

    Leptospirosis is an important disease caused by various serovars of Leptospira sp. It can affect humans as well as domestic and wild animals; therefore, it has importance for public health, animal production, and...

    Authors: Gabriel Martins and Walter Lilenbaum

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:237

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is considered the world’s most widespread zoonotic infection. It causes abortion and sterility in livestock leading to serious economic losses and has even more serious medical impact in humans, si...

    Authors: Gianluca Neglia, Vincenzo Veneziano, Esterina De Carlo, Giorgio Galiero, Giorgia Borriello, Matteo Francillo, Giuseppe Campanile, Luigi Zicarelli and Laura Manna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:236

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative bacterium that replicates obligate intracellularly in neutrophils. It is transmitted by Ixodes spp. ticks and causes acute febrile disease in humans, dogs, horses, cat...

    Authors: Juliana Majazki, Nicole Wüppenhorst, Kathrin Hartelt, Richard Birtles and Friederike D von Loewenich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:235

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) cause usually subclinical or mild clinical bovine mastitis, which often remains persistent. Symptoms are usually mild, mostly only comprising slight changes in the appear...

    Authors: Silja Åvall-Jääskeläinen, Joanna Koort, Heli Simojoki and Suvi Taponen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:227

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to objectively compare methodological approaches that might be utilized in designing an antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance program in beef feedlot cattle. Specifically, f...

    Authors: Katharine M Benedict, Sheryl P Gow, Sylvia Checkley, Calvin W Booker, Tim A McAllister and Paul S Morley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:216

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Enteric Redmouth Disease (ERM), caused by Yersinia ruckeri, is one of the most important infectious diseases in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) aquaculture in Europe. More recently, non-motile vaccine resista...

    Authors: Yidan Huang, Martin Runge, Geovana Brenner Michael, Stefan Schwarz, Arne Jung and Dieter Steinhagen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:215

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  18. Content type: Methodology article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is a Gram-negative bacterium and a member of the Pasteurellaceae family. This bacterium is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which is a highly contagious respiratory ...

    Authors: Yannick DN Tremblay, Cynthia Lévesque, Ruud PAM Segers and Mario Jacques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:213

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A high proportion of staphylococci isolated from pigs affected with exudative epidermitis were found to be resistant to β-lactam antimicrobials. The primary objective of this research was to investigate and ch...

    Authors: Jeonghwa Park, Robert M Friendship, J Scott Weese, Zvonimir Poljak and Cate E Dewey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:211

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Coccidiosis, caused by species of the apicomplexan parasite Eimeria, is a major disease of chickens. Eimeria species are present world-wide, and are ubiquitous under intensive farming methods. However, prevalence...

    Authors: Lisa Luu, Judy Bettridge, Robert M Christley, Kasech Melese, Damer Blake, Tadelle Dessie, Paul Wigley, Takele T Desta, Olivier Hanotte, Pete Kaiser, Zelalem G Terfa, Marisol Collins and Stacey E Lynch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:208

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The pathogenesis of Haemophilus parasuis depends on the bacterium’s ability to interact with endothelial cells and invade adjacent tissues. In this study, we investigated the abilities of eight H. parasuis refere...

    Authors: Rafael Frandoloso, Mateus Pivato, Sonia Martínez-Martínez, Elías F Rodríguez-Ferri, Luiz Carlos Kreutz and César B Gutiérrez Martín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:207

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal diarrhoea is a frequent clinical condition in commercial swine herds, previously regarded to be uncomplicated to treat. However, since 2008 it seems that a new neonatal diarrhoeic syndrome unresponsiv...

    Authors: Hanne Kongsted, Beata Jonach, Svend Haugegaard, Øystein Angen, Sven E Jorsal, Branko Kokotovic, Lars E Larsen, Tim K Jensen and Jens P Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:206

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Listeria monocytogenes infection is most commonly recognized in ruminants, including cattle, sheep, and goats; but it is rarely diagnosed in poultry. This report describes an outbreak of L. monocytogenes in a bac...

    Authors: Rocio Crespo, Michael M Garner, Sharon G Hopkins and Devendra H Shah

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:204

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Gastrointestinal nematode infections constitute a threat to the health and welfare of donkeys worldwide. Their primary means of control is via anthelmintic treatments; however, use of these drugs has constrain...

    Authors: Claire E Scantlebury, Laura Peachey, Jane Hodgkinson, Jacqui B Matthews, Andrew Trawford, Getachew Mulugeta, Gebre Tefera and Gina L Pinchbeck

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:179

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, but especially in developing countries, coenurosis of sheep and other livestock is caused by Taenia multiceps larvae, and zoonotic infections occur in humans. Infections frequently lead to host death, ...

    Authors: Xuhang Wu, Yan Fu, Deying Yang, Yue Xie, Runhui Zhang, Wanpeng Zheng, Huaming Nie, Ning Yan, Ning Wang, Jiahai Wang, Xiaobin Gu, Shuxian Wang, Xuerong Peng and Guangyou Yang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:162

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the larval stage (metacestode) of Echinococcus multilocularis. The domestic dog can act as a definitive host and harbor adult cestodes in its small intestine or become an...

    Authors: Caroline A Geigy, Karolin Kühn, Maja Rütten, Judith Howard, Felix Grimm and Carla Rohrer Bley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:159

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Babesia parasites, mainly Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, are tick-borne hemoparasites inducing bovine babesiosis in cattle globally. The clinical signs of the disease include, among others, anemia, fever and hemo...

    Authors: Moses Sibusiso Mtshali and Phillip Senzo Mtshali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:154

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Infection of newly hatched chicks with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) results in an inflammatory response in the intestinal tract which may influence the composition of gut microbiota. I...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova, Marcela Faldynova and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:140

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The microsporidian Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei was first described from Thailand in 2009 in farmed, indigenous giant tiger shrimp Penaeus (Penaeus) monodon. The natural reservoir for the parasite is still unknown...

    Authors: Amornrat Tangprasittipap, Jiraporn Srisala, Saisunee Chouwdee, Montagan Somboon, Niti Chuchird, Chalor Limsuwan, Thinnarat Srisuvan, Timothy W Flegel and Kallaya Sritunyalucksana

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:139

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira associated diarrhea is a re-emerging concern for Canadian swine producers. To identify critical control points for reducing the impact of Brachyspira on production, improved diagnostic tools and a bet...

    Authors: Amy H Patterson, Joseph E Rubin, Champika Fernando, Matheus O Costa, John CS Harding and Janet E Hill

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:137

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Echinococcus granulosus (EG) complex, the cause of cystic echinococcosis (CE), infects humans and several other animal species worldwide and hence the disease is of public health importance. Ten genetic variants,...

    Authors: Mohamed E Ahmed, Kamal H Eltom, Nasreen O Musa, Ibtisam A Ali, Fatima M Elamin, Martin P Grobusch and Imadeldin E Aradaib

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:127

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  32. Content type: Methodology article

    Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is the most important chronic pulmonary disease of cattle on the African continent causing severe economic losses. The disease, caused by infection with Mycoplasma mycoide...

    Authors: Georg Mair, Edy M Vilei, Abel Wade, Joachim Frey and Hermann Unger

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:108

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacteria other than M. bovis may interfere with current bovine tuberculosis diagnostic tests resulting in false positive test results. As the prevalence of M. bovis decreases in the United States, interferenc...

    Authors: Tyler C Thacker, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Beth Harris, Mitchell Van Palmer and Wade Ray Waters

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:100

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious, granulomatous disease caused by acid-fast bacilli of the genus Mycobacterium. The disease affects practically all species of vertebrates. Although mammalian tuberculosis has be...

    Authors: Sintayehu Mulugeta Arega, Franz Josef Conraths and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:97

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The Salmonella Gallinarum (SG) lon/cpxR deletion mutant JOL916 was developed as a live vaccine candidate for fowl typhoid (FT), and a SG mutant secreting an Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit (LTB...

    Authors: Byung Woo Jeon, Rahul M Nandre and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:96

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is an opportunistic pathogen of dogs and has emerged as a leading cause of skin, wound and surgical site infections worldwide. Methicillin resistance is common and clinical infecti...

    Authors: Ameet Singh, Meagan Walker, Joyce Rousseau and Jeffrey Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:93

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium spp. is one of the most important species of zoonotic pathogens that can be transmitted from cattle to humans. The presence of these opportunistic, pathogenic bacteria in bovine milk has emerged as ...

    Authors: Marília Masello Junqueira Franco, Antonio Carlos Paes, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, José Carlos de Figueiredo Pantoja, Adolfo Carlos Barreto Santos, Marcelo Miyata, Clarice Queico Fujimura Leite, Rodrigo Garcia Motta and Fernando José Paganini Listoni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:85

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella control in animal feed is important in order to protect animal and public health. Organic acids is one of the control measures used for treatment of Salmonella contaminated feed or feed ingredients. In...

    Authors: Sevinc Koyuncu, Mats Gunnar Andersson, Charlotta Löfström, Panagiotis N Skandamis, Antonia Gounadaki, Jürgen Zentek and Per Häggblom

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:81

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Little is currently known about Brucella evolution within the host during infection. The current study is the first to employ fine-scale genotyping on an isolate collection derived from a Brucella canis outbreak....

    Authors: Miklós Gyuranecz, Brandy D Rannals, Christina A Allen, Szilárd Jánosi, Paul S Keim and Jeffrey T Foster

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:76

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bacteriologic culture remains one of the most important methods to diagnose bovine tuberculosis despite the lengthy incubation time, significant decontamination and media expense, and high biocontainment requi...

    Authors: Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M Bravo and Beth Harris

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:74

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In the absence of overt clinical signs of Johne’s Disease (JD), laboratory based tests have largely been limited to organism detection via faecal culture or PCR and serological tests for antibody reactivity. I...

    Authors: Rory O’Brien, Alan Hughes, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:72

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Gyr cows are well adapted to tropical conditions, resistant to some tropical diseases and have satisfactory milk production. However, Gyr dairy herds have a high prevalence of subclinical mastitis, which negat...

    Authors: Carolina Barbosa Malek dos Reis, Juliana Regina Barreiro, Lucinéia Mestieri, Marco Aurélio de Felício Porcionato and Marcos Veiga dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:67

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant Salmonella strains are frequently encountered problems worldwide with considerable increased occurrences in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and frequency ...

    Authors: Maral Rahmani, Seyed Mostafa Peighambari, Christina Aaby Svendsen, Lina M Cavaco, Yvonne Agersø and Rene S Hendriksen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:66

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Infectious ovine epididymitis results in substantial economic losses worldwide due to reproductive failure and culling of breeders. The most common causative agents of these infections are Brucella ovis, Actinoba...

    Authors: Valéria S Moustacas, Teane MA Silva, Luciana F Costa, Mariana N Xavier, Custódio A Carvalho Jr, Érica A Costa, Tatiane A Paixão and Renato L Santos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:51

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  45. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes liver cirrhosis in 35 fallow deer infected with the giant liver fluke, as well as the distribution, origin, and role of myofibroblasts in its development.

    Authors: Darko Marinković, Vladimir Kukolj, Sanja Aleksić-Kovačević, Milijan Jovanović and Milijana Knežević

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:45

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired disorder characterized by the activation of intravascular coagulation and excessive fibrin formation. It always occurs in association with other clin...

    Authors: Carla O Honse, Fabiano B Figueiredo, Nayro Xde Alencar, Maria de Fátima Madeira, Isabella DF Gremião and Tânia MP Schubach

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:43

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  47. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we characterised the microbiota present in the faeces of 15- and 46-week-old egg laying hens before and after tetracycline or streptomycin therapy. In the first experiment, the layers were subje...

    Authors: Petra Videnska, Marcela Faldynova, Helena Juricova, Vladimir Babak, Frantisek Sisak, Hana Havlickova and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:30

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Information on the genotypic diversity of Coxiella burnetii isolates from infected domestic ruminants in Spain is limited. The aim of this study was to identify the C. burnetii genotypes infecting livestock in No...

    Authors: Ianire Astobiza, Jeroen JHC Tilburg, Alvaro Piñero, Ana Hurtado, Ana L García-Pérez, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen and Corné HW Klaassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:241

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  49. Content type: Case report

    Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed i...

    Authors: Marconi Rodrigues de Farias, Juliana Werner, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro, Sabrina Marin Rodigheri, Carolina Zaghi Cavalcante, Kung Darh Chi, Larissa Anuska Zeni Condas, Tohru Gonoi, Tetsuhiro Matsuzama and Katsukiyo Yazama

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:239

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