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Bacteriology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Arthritis is an economically significant disease in lambs and is usually the result of a bacterial infection. One of the known agents of this disease is Chlamydia pecorum, a globally recognised livestock pathogen...

    Authors: Evelyn Walker, Cecily Moore, Patrick Shearer, Martina Jelocnik, Sankhya Bommana, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:193

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. Colonisation of the environment of nursery units by pathogenic micro-organisms is an important factor in the persistence and spread of endemic diseases in pigs and zoonotic pathogens. These pathogens are gener...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:189

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Mycoplasma sp. 1220 can induce inflammation primarily in the genital and respiratory tracts of waterfowl, leading to serious economic losses. Adequate housing and appropriate antibioti...

    Authors: Dénes Grózner, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Kinga M. Sulyok, Zsuzsanna Rónai, Veronika Hrivnák, Ibolya Turcsányi, Szilárd Jánosi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:170

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes avian colibacillosis, which results in economic and welfare costs in the poultry industry worldwide. The pathogenesis of avian pathogenic E. coli strains is not wel...

    Authors: Yaxin Li, Jianjun Dai, Xiangkai Zhuge, Haojin Wang, Lin Hu, Jianluan Ren, Ling Chen, Dezhi Li and Fang Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:167

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respirat...

    Authors: Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco and Catherine Schouler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:140

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) has emerged globally in companion animals in the last decade. In Europe, the multidrug-resistant sequence type (ST)71 is widespread, but recently other...

    Authors: Peter Damborg, Arshnee Moodley, Bent Aalbæk, Gianpiero Ventrella, Teresa Pires dos Santos and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:131

    Content type: Research article

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  7. From the beginning of the 21st century Enterococcus cecorum has emerged as a significant health problem for poultry raised under intensive production systems. To obtain new insights into this bacterial species, w...

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, László Makrai and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:129

    Content type: Research article

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  8. New therapeutic strategies are needed to face the rapid spread of multidrug-resistant staphylococci in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to identify synergies between antimicrobial and non-a...

    Authors: Rikke Prejh Brochmann, Alexandra Helmfrid, Bimal Jana, Zofia Magnowska and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:126

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Disseminated infection and bacteraemia is an underreported and under-researched aspect of Johne’s disease. This is mainly due to the time it takes for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) to grow and...

    Authors: Benjamin M. C. Swift, Jonathan N. Huxley, Karren M. Plain, Douglas J. Begg, Kumudika de Silva, Auriol C. Purdie, Richard J. Whittington and Catherine E. D. Rees

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:115

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This paper presents an unusual form of disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a dog. The infection lasted at least one year and its main gross lesions were massive cardiac tuberculomas. To the best ...

    Authors: Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Michał Czopowicz, Arkadiusz Olkowski, Andrzej Łobaczewski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Rafał Sapierzyński, Elżbieta Wiatr, Magdalena Garncarz and Tadeusz Frymus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:109

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Bovine necrohemorrhagic enteritis is caused by Clostridium perfringens type A. Due to the rapid progress and fatal outcome of the disease, vaccination would be of high value. In this study, C. perfringens toxins,...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Stefanie Verherstraeten, Bonnie R. Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Leen Timbermont, Stijn Schauvliege, Diego Rodrigo-Mocholí, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R. Deprez and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:101

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Canine influenza virus (CIV) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (Sp) are pathogens that cause respiratory disease in dogs. Considering bacterial infections following influenza are a leading cause of illness and ...

    Authors: Dildar Hussain Kalhoro, Shanshan Gao, Xing Xie, Shan Liang, Su Luo, Yanbing Zhao and Yongjie Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:87

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Commercial bacterins are widely used at weaning to control Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infections in pigs. However, it is not known whether the efficacy of vaccinating against M. hyopneumoniae can be influenced by t...

    Authors: Ioannis Arsenakis, Luca Panzavolta, Annelies Michiels, Rubén Del Pozo Sacristán, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:63

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The study presents the phenotypic and genetic characterization of selected P. salmonis isolates from Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout suffering from SRS (salmonid rickettsial septicemia) in Chile and in Canada. ...

    Authors: Alexander Otterlei, Øyvind J. Brevik, Daniel Jensen, Henrik Duesund, Ingunn Sommerset, Petter Frost, Julio Mendoza, Peter McKenzie, Are Nylund and Patricia Apablaza

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:55

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The role of wild birds in the transmission and spread of mycoplasmas is not clear. Up to now different Mycoplasma species have been isolated from wild birds many of which are not considered pathogens sensu strict...

    Authors: Salvatore Catania, Federica Gobbo, Ana S. Ramirez, Davide Guadagnini, Elisa Baldasso, Maria Luisa Moronato and Robin A. J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:52

    Content type: Case report

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:75

  16. Listeria monocytogenes (LM), a foodborne pathogen, can cause pregnancy failure in animals, especially in ruminants. Recent studies have shown that LM activates inflammasomes to induce IL-1β release in macrophages...

    Authors: Wenyan Li, Yumei Chang, Shuang Liang, Zhenyu Zhong, Xiujin Li, Jiexia Wen, Yonghong Zhang, Jianlou Zhang, Liyue Wang, Hongyu Lin, Xuebin Cao, Heling Huang and Fei Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:36

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The objective of this study was to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms of how Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae enhances secondary Pasteurella multocida type A infection which leads to porcine enzootic pneumonia in infect...

    Authors: Changhoon Park, Jiwoon Jeong, Ikjae Kang, Kyuhyung Choi, Su-Jin Park and Chanhee Chae

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:25

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Brucella melitensis is the most important pathogenic species of Brucella spp. which affects goats and sheep and causes caprine and ovine brucellosis, respectively. Serological tests fo...

    Authors: Ihsan Muneer Ahmed, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Latiffah Hassan, Abdul Rani Bahaman and Abdul Rahman Omar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:275

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Neonatal and post-weaning colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli is responsible for substantial economic losses encountered by the pork industry. Intestinal colonization of young piglets by E. coli depe...

    Authors: Predrag Novakovic, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Igor Moshynskyy, Betty Lockerbie, Radhey S. Kaushik, Matthew E. Loewen, Beverly A. Kidney, Chris Stuart and Elemir Simko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:238

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the agent of Lyme borreliosis, is mainly maintained in natural foci through the transmission cycles of competent tick vectors (Ixodes sp.) and a verteb...

    Authors: Tjaša Cerar, Miša Korva, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Eva Ružić-Sabljić

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:188

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an infectious disease that affects small ruminants and is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. This disease is responsible for high economic losses due to condemnation and ...

    Authors: Judson W Silva, Daniela Droppa-Almeida, Sibele Borsuk, Vasco Azevedo, Ricardo W Portela, Anderson Miyoshi, Flávia S Rocha, Fernanda A Dorella, Wanessa L Vivas, Francine F Padilha, Maria L Hernández-Macedo and Isabel B Lima-Verde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:965

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Aeromonas salmonicida is a major fish pathogen associated with mass mortalities in salmonid fish. In the present study, we applied In Vivo Induced Antigen Technology (IVIAT), a technique that relies on antibodies...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Hatem Soliman, Gokhlesh Kumar and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:298

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The microscopic agglutination test (MAT), the standard method for serological diagnosis of leptospirosis, may present limitations regarding its sensitivity. Current studies suggest that Leptospira immunoglobulin-...

    Authors: Sabrina Thomé, Carolina Lessa-Aquino, Albert Icksang Ko, Walter Lilenbaum and Marco Alberto Medeiros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:288

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia (B.) pseudomallei is an endemic zoonotic disease mainly reported from northern Australia and Southeast Asia. In Europe, cases of human melioidosis have been reported only from p...

    Authors: Mandy C Elschner, Jan Hnizdo, Ivonne Stamm, Hosny El-Adawy, Katja Mertens and Falk Melzer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:283

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Poultry remains a major source of foodborne bacterial infections. A variety of additives with presumed anti-microbial and/or growth-promoting effects are commonly added to poultry feed during commercial grow-o...

    Authors: Brian B Oakley, R Jeff Buhr, Casey W Ritz, Brian H Kiepper, Mark E Berrang, Bruce S Seal and Nelson A Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:282

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Campylobacter jejuni is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of many food-animals including sheep without causing visible clinical symptoms of disease. However, C. jejuni has been implicated in ovine abor...

    Authors: Yasser M Sanad, Kwonil Jung, Isaac Kashoma, Xiaoli Zhang, Issmat I Kassem, Yehia M Saif and Gireesh Rajashekara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:274

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Infection pathways of S. aureus udder infections in heifers are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that calves become infected with S. aureus via feeding mastitis milk. Especially on small-scale farms, ...

    Authors: Katharina Abb-Schwedler, Ariane Maeschli, Renate Boss, Hans U Graber, Adrian Steiner and Peter Klocke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:267

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infectious disease that is generally acquired by traumatic inoculation of contaminated materials especially from plant debris or through bites and scratches from diseased animals, s...

    Authors: Hildebrando Montenegro, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Maria Adelaide Galvão Dias, Elisabete Aparecida da Silva, Fernanda Bernardi and Zoilo Pires de Camargo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:269

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Since 2009, large-scale Streptococcus agalactiae infections have broken out in cultured tilapia farms in China, resulting in considerable economic losses. Screening of the surface proteins is required to identify...

    Authors: Guangjin Liu, Wei Zhang, Yongjie Liu, Huochun Yao, Chengping Lu and Pao Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:259

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mycoplasma bovis is a worldwide pathogen, causative agent of pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis, and a variety of other symptoms in cattle. The economic losses due to mycoplasma pneumonia could be reduced by antibiot...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Veronika Hrivnák, Tibor Magyar, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:256

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Evaluation of factors that might impact microbiota assessment is important to avoid spurious results, particularly in field and multicenter studies where sample collection may occur distant from the laboratory...

    Authors: J Scott Weese and Mohammad Jalali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:230

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mycoplasma synoviae is an avian pathogen that can lead to respiratory tract infections and arthritis in chickens and turkeys, resulting in serious economic losses to the poultry industry. Enolase reportedly plays...

    Authors: Shijun Bao, Xiaoqin Guo, Shengqing Yu, Jiabo Ding, Lei Tan, Fanqin Zhang, Yingjie Sun, Xusheng Qiu, Guanghua Chen and Chan Ding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:223

    Content type: Research article

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  33. As the importance of chlamydial infections in pigs has become more obvious, a rapid and sensitive method to study the prevalence of Chlamydia suis in pig herds is required. Such a method should permit routine dia...

    Authors: Paweł Lis, Aleksandra Kumala, Mirosław Spalinski and Krzysztof Rypula

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:225

    Content type: Methodology article

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  34. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for produc...

    Authors: Manuela Oliveira, Cynthia Barroco, Carla Mottola, Raquel Santos, Abdelhak Lemsaddek, Luis Tavares and Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:218

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The yst gene that encodes the production of Yst enterotoxins is one of the most important and reliable virulence markers. Its ability to produce Yst has been demonstrated in pathogenic strains isolated from clini...

    Authors: Agata Bancerz-Kisiel, Karolina Lipczyńska, Anna Szczerba-Turek, Eugenia Gospodarek, Aleksandra Platt-Samoraj and Wojciech Szweda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:207

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Brucella ceti infections have been increasingly reported in cetaceans. Brucellosis in these animals is associated with meningoencephalitis, abortion, discospondylitis’, subcutaneous abscesses, endometritis and ot...

    Authors: Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Nazareth Ruiz-Villalobos, Lola Pérez, Caterina Guzmán-Verri, Pilar M Muñoz, Fernando Alegre, Montserrat Barberán, Carlos Chacón-Díaz, Esteban Chaves-Olarte, Rocio González-Barrientos, Edgardo Moreno, José María Blasco and Mariano Domingo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:206

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Yersiniosis is a zoonotic disease reported worldwide. Culture and PCR based protocols are the most common used methods for detection of pathogenic Yersinia species in animal samples. PCR sensitivity could be incr...

    Authors: Maialen Arrausi-Subiza, Jose Carlos Ibabe, Raquel Atxaerandio, Ramon A Juste and Marta Barral

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:192

    Content type: Methodology article

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  38. In this study, four lung lesion scoring methods (Slaughterhouse Pleurisy Evaluation System [SPES], Consolidation Lung Lesion Score [LLS], Image analyses [IA] and Ratio of lung weight/body weight [LW/BW]) were ...

    Authors: Marina Sibila, Virginia Aragón, Lorenzo Fraile and Joaquim Segalés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:165

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The routine diagnosis of Streptococcus spp. and other mastitis associated gram-positive, catalase-negative cocci is still based upon biochemical tests and serological methods, which frequently provide ambiguous i...

    Authors: Lydia Schabauer, Mareike Wenning, Ingrid Huber and Monika Ehling-Schulz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:156

    Content type: Methodology article

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  40. In Escherichia coli the genes involved in the acquisition of tetracycline resistance are mainly tet(A) and tet(B). In addition, tet(M) is the most common tetracycline resistance determinant in enterococci and it ...

    Authors: Sonia Jurado-Rabadán, Ricardo de la Fuente, José A Ruiz-Santa-Quiteria, José A Orden, Lisbeth E de Vries and Yvonne Agersø

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:155

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium usually found on skin and mucous membranes of warm blooded animals. Resistance in S. aureus has been increasingly reported though depending on the clonal lineage. Indee...

    Authors: Stéphanie Nemeghaire, M Angeles Argudín, Freddy Haesebrouck and Patrick Butaye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:153

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The use of serological assays for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been intensively studied and use of specific antigens have aided in improving the diagnostic accuracy of the assays. In the present s...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johonson, Keiko Eda, W Ray Waters, Mitchell V Palmer, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:147

    Content type: Methodology article

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  43. Brachyspira hampsonii”, discovered in North America in 2010 associated with dysentery-like illness, is an economically relevant swine pathogen resulting in decreased feed efficiency and increased morbidity, mort...

    Authors: Matheus O Costa, Janet E Hill, Champika Fernando, Hollie D Lemieux, Susan E Detmer, Joseph E Rubin and John C S Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:129

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Despite its global recognition as a ruminant pathogen, cases of Chlamydia pecorum infection in Australian livestock are poorly documented. In this report, a C. pecorum specific Multi Locus Sequence Analysis schem...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, David Forshaw, Jennifer Cotter, Danny Roberts, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:121

    Content type: Case report

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  45. In countries around the Baltic Sea grazing ruminants have access to and drink, surface water from lakes, rivers and in several coastal regions. The water quality of these naturally occurring reservoirs affects...

    Authors: Manjunath Manubolu, Samanthi RP Madawala, Paresh C Dutta and Kjell Malmlöf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:110

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Information about the genotypic characteristic of Coxiella burnetii from Hungary is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the genetic diversity of C. burnetii in Hungary and compare genotypes with those f...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Heidie M Hornstra, Talima Pearson, Alexandra Szigeti, Ádám Dán, Eszter Balla, Paul S Keim and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:107

    Content type: Research article

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