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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Methodology article

    As the importance of chlamydial infections in pigs has become more obvious, a rapid and sensitive method to study the prevalence of Chlamydia suis in pig herds is required. Such a method should permit routine dia...

    Authors: Paweł Lis, Aleksandra Kumala, Mirosław Spalinski and Krzysztof Rypula

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:225

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for produc...

    Authors: Manuela Oliveira, Cynthia Barroco, Carla Mottola, Raquel Santos, Abdelhak Lemsaddek, Luis Tavares and Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:218

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The yst gene that encodes the production of Yst enterotoxins is one of the most important and reliable virulence markers. Its ability to produce Yst has been demonstrated in pathogenic strains isolated from clini...

    Authors: Agata Bancerz-Kisiel, Karolina Lipczyńska, Anna Szczerba-Turek, Eugenia Gospodarek, Aleksandra Platt-Samoraj and Wojciech Szweda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:207

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Brucella ceti infections have been increasingly reported in cetaceans. Brucellosis in these animals is associated with meningoencephalitis, abortion, discospondylitis’, subcutaneous abscesses, endometritis and ot...

    Authors: Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Nazareth Ruiz-Villalobos, Lola Pérez, Caterina Guzmán-Verri, Pilar M Muñoz, Fernando Alegre, Montserrat Barberán, Carlos Chacón-Díaz, Esteban Chaves-Olarte, Rocio González-Barrientos, Edgardo Moreno, José María Blasco and Mariano Domingo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:206

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  5. Content type: Methodology article

    Yersiniosis is a zoonotic disease reported worldwide. Culture and PCR based protocols are the most common used methods for detection of pathogenic Yersinia species in animal samples. PCR sensitivity could be incr...

    Authors: Maialen Arrausi-Subiza, Jose Carlos Ibabe, Raquel Atxaerandio, Ramon A Juste and Marta Barral

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:192

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In this study, four lung lesion scoring methods (Slaughterhouse Pleurisy Evaluation System [SPES], Consolidation Lung Lesion Score [LLS], Image analyses [IA] and Ratio of lung weight/body weight [LW/BW]) were ...

    Authors: Marina Sibila, Virginia Aragón, Lorenzo Fraile and Joaquim Segalés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:165

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  7. Content type: Methodology article

    The routine diagnosis of Streptococcus spp. and other mastitis associated gram-positive, catalase-negative cocci is still based upon biochemical tests and serological methods, which frequently provide ambiguous i...

    Authors: Lydia Schabauer, Mareike Wenning, Ingrid Huber and Monika Ehling-Schulz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:156

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In Escherichia coli the genes involved in the acquisition of tetracycline resistance are mainly tet(A) and tet(B). In addition, tet(M) is the most common tetracycline resistance determinant in enterococci and it ...

    Authors: Sonia Jurado-Rabadán, Ricardo de la Fuente, José A Ruiz-Santa-Quiteria, José A Orden, Lisbeth E de Vries and Yvonne Agersø

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:155

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium usually found on skin and mucous membranes of warm blooded animals. Resistance in S. aureus has been increasingly reported though depending on the clonal lineage. Indee...

    Authors: Stéphanie Nemeghaire, M Angeles Argudín, Freddy Haesebrouck and Patrick Butaye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:153

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    The use of serological assays for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been intensively studied and use of specific antigens have aided in improving the diagnostic accuracy of the assays. In the present s...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johonson, Keiko Eda, W Ray Waters, Mitchell V Palmer, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:147

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira hampsonii”, discovered in North America in 2010 associated with dysentery-like illness, is an economically relevant swine pathogen resulting in decreased feed efficiency and increased morbidity, mort...

    Authors: Matheus O Costa, Janet E Hill, Champika Fernando, Hollie D Lemieux, Susan E Detmer, Joseph E Rubin and John C S Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:129

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Despite its global recognition as a ruminant pathogen, cases of Chlamydia pecorum infection in Australian livestock are poorly documented. In this report, a C. pecorum specific Multi Locus Sequence Analysis schem...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, David Forshaw, Jennifer Cotter, Danny Roberts, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:121

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In countries around the Baltic Sea grazing ruminants have access to and drink, surface water from lakes, rivers and in several coastal regions. The water quality of these naturally occurring reservoirs affects...

    Authors: Manjunath Manubolu, Samanthi RP Madawala, Paresh C Dutta and Kjell Malmlöf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:110

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen causing pneumonia, mastitis and arthritis in cattle worldwide. As this agent is primarily transmitted by direct contact and spread through animal movements, efficient gen...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:108

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Information about the genotypic characteristic of Coxiella burnetii from Hungary is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the genetic diversity of C. burnetii in Hungary and compare genotypes with those f...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Heidie M Hornstra, Talima Pearson, Alexandra Szigeti, Ádám Dán, Eszter Balla, Paul S Keim and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:107

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Field vaccination trials with Mycobacterium bovis BCG, an attenuated mutant of M. bovis, are ongoing in Spain, where the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is regarded as the main driver of animal tuberculosis (TB)....

    Authors: Christian Gortazar, Beatriz Beltrán-Beck, Joseba M Garrido, Alicia Aranaz, Iker A Sevilla, Mariana Boadella, Konstantin P Lyashchenko, Ruth C Galindo, Vidal Montoro, Lucas Domínguez, Ramón Juste and Jose de la Fuente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:96

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bibersteinia trehalosi causes respiratory disease in ruminants particularly in wild and domestic sheep. Recently, there has been an increased number of B. trehalosi isolates obtained from diagnostic samples from ...

    Authors: Christy J Hanthorn, Reneé D Dewell, Vickie L Cooper, Timothy S Frana, Paul J Plummer, Chong Wang and Grant A Dewell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:89

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Swine influenza is a highly contagious viral infection in pigs affecting the respiratory tract that can have significant economic impacts. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is one of the most important post-weaning b...

    Authors: Yuan Dang, Claude Lachance, Yingchao Wang, Carl A Gagnon, Christian Savard, Mariela Segura, Daniel Grenier and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:86

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-borne pathogen of veterinary and human importance. Both ticks as vectors and vertebrates as reservoir hosts are essential for the cycle maintenance of this bacterium. Currently...

    Authors: Adrien Nahayo, Marjorie Bardiau, Rosario Volpe, Jessica Pirson, Julien Paternostre, Thomas Fett and Annick Linden

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:80

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The nasal microbiota of pigs has been poorly assessed but could play a role in carriage of important microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The objectives of this study were to...

    Authors: J Scott Weese, Mackenzie Slifierz, Mohammad Jalali and Robert Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:69

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal diarrhea is a multifactorial condition commonly present on pig farms and leads to economic losses due to increased morbidity and mortality of piglets. Immature immune system and lack of fully establis...

    Authors: Beata Jonach, Mette Boye, Anders Stockmarr and Tim Kåre Jensen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:68

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Analgesia is often indicated in rabbits undergoing surgical procedures or suffering from various painful conditions and the most common adverse effects associated with NSAIDs occur in the gastrointestinal trac...

    Authors: David Eshar and J Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:62

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  23. Content type: Methodology article

    A preparation method for quantification of bacteria in tissues is obligatory to reduce tissue mass, concentrate the target, purify, remove inhibitory substances and to achieve constant target recovery rates. N...

    Authors: Evelyne Mann, Katharina Pommer, Patrick Mester, Martin Wagner and Peter Rossmanith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:53

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Diseases caused by bacteria remain a major challenge globally and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The plants used in this study have been used in South Africa to treat helminth infections in livestock and ...

    Authors: Mathew Adamu, Vinny Naidoo and Jacobus N Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:52

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Infection by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, either alone or together, causes serious respiratory diseases in pigs.

    Authors: Seung Heon Lee, Seungwoo Lee, Chanhee Chae and Doug-Young Ryu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:43

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile is an important bacterial pathogen of humans and a variety of animal species. Birds, especially migratory passerine species, can play a role in the spread of many pathogens, including Clostr...

    Authors: Petra Bandelj, Tomi Trilar, Rok Blagus, Matjaz Ocepek, Joyce Rousseau, J Scott Weese and Modest Vengust

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:40

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Bovine enterotoxemia is a major cause of mortality in veal calves. Predominantly veal calves of beef cattle breeds are affected and losses due to enterotoxemia may account for up to 20% of total mortality. Clostr...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Stefanie Verherstraeten, Leen Timbermont, Bonnie R Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R Deprez and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:32

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cryptosporidiosis in dogs has been reported worldwide, involving both asymptomatic and diarrheic dogs. Large-scale surveys of Cryptosporidium infection in dogs have been performed in some countries using differen...

    Authors: Fuchun Jian, Meng Qi, Xiaoyi He, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Heping Dong and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:26

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diarrhea can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or protozoan organisms, or a combination of these. The identification of co-infections in dogs is important to determine the prognosis and to plan strate...

    Authors: Aline Baumann da Rocha Gizzi, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Christian M Leutenegger, Marko Estrada, Denise Adamczyk Kozemjakin, Rafael Stedile, Mary Marcondes and Alexander Welker Biondo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:23

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Non-tuberculous mycobacteria responsible for piscine mycobacteriosis usually produce visceral granulomas in both freshwater and marine species. In this study, the first occurrence of Mycobacterium chelonae associ...

    Authors: Elisabetta Antuofermo, Antonio Pais, Sara Nuvoli, Udo Hetzel, Giovanni P Burrai, Stefano Rocca, Monica Caffara, Ilaria Giorgi, Claudio Pedron and Marino Prearo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:18

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-positive (CoPS) and coagulase-negative (CoNS) staphylococci are normal commensals of the skin and mucosa, but are also opportunist pathogens. Meticillin-resistant (MR) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) i...

    Authors: Vanessa M Schmidt, Nicola J Williams, Gina Pinchbeck, Caroline E Corless, Stephen Shaw, Neil McEwan, Susan Dawson and Tim Nuttall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:17

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157) has been isolated from bison retail meat, a fact that is important given that bison meat has been implicated in an E. coli O157-multistate outbreak. In addition, E. coli O157 ...

    Authors: Indira T Kudva and Judith A Stasko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:266

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The bacteriophage therapy is an effective antimicrobial approach with potentially important applications in medicine and biotechnology which can be seen as an additional string in the bow. Emerging drug resist...

    Authors: Krishna Khairnar, Mahendra P Raut, Rajshree H Chandekar, Swapnil G Sanmukh and Waman N Paunikar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:264

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in wildlife species poses a threat to domestic livestock in many situations. Control programs for bTB in livestock depend on testing and slaughtering the positive animals; however, th...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johnson, Colin G Mackintosh, J Frank T Griffin, W Ray Waters, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:256

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is a clinical condition affecting eyes of domestic and wild Caprinae worldwide, and Mycoplasma conjunctivae is considered the primary causative agent of IKC in sheep, goats a...

    Authors: Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Óscar Cabezón, Ignasi Marco, Gregorio Mentaberre, Joachim Frey, Santiago Lavín and Jorge R López-Olvera

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:253

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  36. Content type: Methodology article

    Francisellosis, caused by the bacterium Francisella noatunensis subsp. noatunensis, remains a serious threat to Atlantic cod (Gadhus morhua) farming in Norway and potentially in other countries. As outbreak strai...

    Authors: Samuel Duodu, Xihe Wan, Nora Martinussen Tandstad, Pär Larsson, Kerstin Myrtennäs, Andreas Sjödin, Mats Forsman and Duncan J Colquhoun

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:252

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  37. Content type: Research article

    For satisfactory Salmonella control, good biosecurity along the pork production chain is crucial, although additional control measures on-farm need to be considered. This study evaluated the effect of two potenti...

    Authors: Lotte De Ridder, Dominiek Maes, Jeroen Dewulf, Frank Pasmans, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Estelle Méroc, Stefan Roels, Bregje Leyman, Patrick Butaye and Yves Van der Stede

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:243

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Sheep constitute the second major component of livestock in Ethiopia. However, efficient utilization of this potential resource is hampered by combination of health problems, poor management and feed shortage....

    Authors: Haimanot D Marru, Takele T Anijajo and Adem A Hassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:239

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  39. Content type: Review

    Leptospirosis is an important disease caused by various serovars of Leptospira sp. It can affect humans as well as domestic and wild animals; therefore, it has importance for public health, animal production, and...

    Authors: Gabriel Martins and Walter Lilenbaum

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:237

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis is considered the world’s most widespread zoonotic infection. It causes abortion and sterility in livestock leading to serious economic losses and has even more serious medical impact in humans, si...

    Authors: Gianluca Neglia, Vincenzo Veneziano, Esterina De Carlo, Giorgio Galiero, Giorgia Borriello, Matteo Francillo, Giuseppe Campanile, Luigi Zicarelli and Laura Manna

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:236

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a Gram-negative bacterium that replicates obligate intracellularly in neutrophils. It is transmitted by Ixodes spp. ticks and causes acute febrile disease in humans, dogs, horses, cat...

    Authors: Juliana Majazki, Nicole Wüppenhorst, Kathrin Hartelt, Richard Birtles and Friederike D von Loewenich

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:235

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) cause usually subclinical or mild clinical bovine mastitis, which often remains persistent. Symptoms are usually mild, mostly only comprising slight changes in the appear...

    Authors: Silja Åvall-Jääskeläinen, Joanna Koort, Heli Simojoki and Suvi Taponen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:227

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to objectively compare methodological approaches that might be utilized in designing an antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance program in beef feedlot cattle. Specifically, f...

    Authors: Katharine M Benedict, Sheryl P Gow, Sylvia Checkley, Calvin W Booker, Tim A McAllister and Paul S Morley

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:216

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Enteric Redmouth Disease (ERM), caused by Yersinia ruckeri, is one of the most important infectious diseases in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) aquaculture in Europe. More recently, non-motile vaccine resista...

    Authors: Yidan Huang, Martin Runge, Geovana Brenner Michael, Stefan Schwarz, Arne Jung and Dieter Steinhagen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:215

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  45. Content type: Methodology article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is a Gram-negative bacterium and a member of the Pasteurellaceae family. This bacterium is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which is a highly contagious respiratory ...

    Authors: Yannick DN Tremblay, Cynthia Lévesque, Ruud PAM Segers and Mario Jacques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:213

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  46. Content type: Research article

    A high proportion of staphylococci isolated from pigs affected with exudative epidermitis were found to be resistant to β-lactam antimicrobials. The primary objective of this research was to investigate and ch...

    Authors: Jeonghwa Park, Robert M Friendship, J Scott Weese, Zvonimir Poljak and Cate E Dewey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:211

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Coccidiosis, caused by species of the apicomplexan parasite Eimeria, is a major disease of chickens. Eimeria species are present world-wide, and are ubiquitous under intensive farming methods. However, prevalence...

    Authors: Lisa Luu, Judy Bettridge, Robert M Christley, Kasech Melese, Damer Blake, Tadelle Dessie, Paul Wigley, Takele T Desta, Olivier Hanotte, Pete Kaiser, Zelalem G Terfa, Marisol Collins and Stacey E Lynch

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:208

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The pathogenesis of Haemophilus parasuis depends on the bacterium’s ability to interact with endothelial cells and invade adjacent tissues. In this study, we investigated the abilities of eight H. parasuis refere...

    Authors: Rafael Frandoloso, Mateus Pivato, Sonia Martínez-Martínez, Elías F Rodríguez-Ferri, Luiz Carlos Kreutz and César B Gutiérrez Martín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:207

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal diarrhoea is a frequent clinical condition in commercial swine herds, previously regarded to be uncomplicated to treat. However, since 2008 it seems that a new neonatal diarrhoeic syndrome unresponsiv...

    Authors: Hanne Kongsted, Beata Jonach, Svend Haugegaard, Øystein Angen, Sven E Jorsal, Branko Kokotovic, Lars E Larsen, Tim K Jensen and Jens P Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:206

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