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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Commercial bacterins are widely used at weaning to control Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infections in pigs. However, it is not known whether the efficacy of vaccinating against M. hyopneumoniae can be influenced by t...

    Authors: Ioannis Arsenakis, Luca Panzavolta, Annelies Michiels, Rubén Del Pozo Sacristán, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:63

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The study presents the phenotypic and genetic characterization of selected P. salmonis isolates from Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout suffering from SRS (salmonid rickettsial septicemia) in Chile and in Canada. ...

    Authors: Alexander Otterlei, Øyvind J. Brevik, Daniel Jensen, Henrik Duesund, Ingunn Sommerset, Petter Frost, Julio Mendoza, Peter McKenzie, Are Nylund and Patricia Apablaza

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:55

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  3. Content type: Case report

    The role of wild birds in the transmission and spread of mycoplasmas is not clear. Up to now different Mycoplasma species have been isolated from wild birds many of which are not considered pathogens sensu strict...

    Authors: Salvatore Catania, Federica Gobbo, Ana S. Ramirez, Davide Guadagnini, Elisa Baldasso, Maria Luisa Moronato and Robin A. J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:52

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:75

  4. Content type: Research article

    Listeria monocytogenes (LM), a foodborne pathogen, can cause pregnancy failure in animals, especially in ruminants. Recent studies have shown that LM activates inflammasomes to induce IL-1β release in macrophages...

    Authors: Wenyan Li, Yumei Chang, Shuang Liang, Zhenyu Zhong, Xiujin Li, Jiexia Wen, Yonghong Zhang, Jianlou Zhang, Liyue Wang, Hongyu Lin, Xuebin Cao, Heling Huang and Fei Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:36

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms of how Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae enhances secondary Pasteurella multocida type A infection which leads to porcine enzootic pneumonia in infect...

    Authors: Changhoon Park, Jiwoon Jeong, Ikjae Kang, Kyuhyung Choi, Su-Jin Park and Chanhee Chae

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:25

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Brucella melitensis is the most important pathogenic species of Brucella spp. which affects goats and sheep and causes caprine and ovine brucellosis, respectively. Serological tests fo...

    Authors: Ihsan Muneer Ahmed, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Latiffah Hassan, Abdul Rani Bahaman and Abdul Rahman Omar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:275

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal and post-weaning colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli is responsible for substantial economic losses encountered by the pork industry. Intestinal colonization of young piglets by E. coli depe...

    Authors: Predrag Novakovic, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Igor Moshynskyy, Betty Lockerbie, Radhey S. Kaushik, Matthew E. Loewen, Beverly A. Kidney, Chris Stuart and Elemir Simko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:238

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the agent of Lyme borreliosis, is mainly maintained in natural foci through the transmission cycles of competent tick vectors (Ixodes sp.) and a verteb...

    Authors: Tjaša Cerar, Miša Korva, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Eva Ružić-Sabljić

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:188

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an infectious disease that affects small ruminants and is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. This disease is responsible for high economic losses due to condemnation and ...

    Authors: Judson W Silva, Daniela Droppa-Almeida, Sibele Borsuk, Vasco Azevedo, Ricardo W Portela, Anderson Miyoshi, Flávia S Rocha, Fernanda A Dorella, Wanessa L Vivas, Francine F Padilha, Maria L Hernández-Macedo and Isabel B Lima-Verde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:965

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Aeromonas salmonicida is a major fish pathogen associated with mass mortalities in salmonid fish. In the present study, we applied In Vivo Induced Antigen Technology (IVIAT), a technique that relies on antibodies...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Hatem Soliman, Gokhlesh Kumar and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:298

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The microscopic agglutination test (MAT), the standard method for serological diagnosis of leptospirosis, may present limitations regarding its sensitivity. Current studies suggest that Leptospira immunoglobulin-...

    Authors: Sabrina Thomé, Carolina Lessa-Aquino, Albert Icksang Ko, Walter Lilenbaum and Marco Alberto Medeiros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:288

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia (B.) pseudomallei is an endemic zoonotic disease mainly reported from northern Australia and Southeast Asia. In Europe, cases of human melioidosis have been reported only from p...

    Authors: Mandy C Elschner, Jan Hnizdo, Ivonne Stamm, Hosny El-Adawy, Katja Mertens and Falk Melzer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:283

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Poultry remains a major source of foodborne bacterial infections. A variety of additives with presumed anti-microbial and/or growth-promoting effects are commonly added to poultry feed during commercial grow-o...

    Authors: Brian B Oakley, R Jeff Buhr, Casey W Ritz, Brian H Kiepper, Mark E Berrang, Bruce S Seal and Nelson A Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:282

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of many food-animals including sheep without causing visible clinical symptoms of disease. However, C. jejuni has been implicated in ovine abor...

    Authors: Yasser M Sanad, Kwonil Jung, Isaac Kashoma, Xiaoli Zhang, Issmat I Kassem, Yehia M Saif and Gireesh Rajashekara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:274

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Infection pathways of S. aureus udder infections in heifers are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that calves become infected with S. aureus via feeding mastitis milk. Especially on small-scale farms, ...

    Authors: Katharina Abb-Schwedler, Ariane Maeschli, Renate Boss, Hans U Graber, Adrian Steiner and Peter Klocke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:267

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infectious disease that is generally acquired by traumatic inoculation of contaminated materials especially from plant debris or through bites and scratches from diseased animals, s...

    Authors: Hildebrando Montenegro, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Maria Adelaide Galvão Dias, Elisabete Aparecida da Silva, Fernanda Bernardi and Zoilo Pires de Camargo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:269

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Since 2009, large-scale Streptococcus agalactiae infections have broken out in cultured tilapia farms in China, resulting in considerable economic losses. Screening of the surface proteins is required to identify...

    Authors: Guangjin Liu, Wei Zhang, Yongjie Liu, Huochun Yao, Chengping Lu and Pao Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:259

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis is a worldwide pathogen, causative agent of pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis, and a variety of other symptoms in cattle. The economic losses due to mycoplasma pneumonia could be reduced by antibiot...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Veronika Hrivnák, Tibor Magyar, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:256

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of factors that might impact microbiota assessment is important to avoid spurious results, particularly in field and multicenter studies where sample collection may occur distant from the laboratory...

    Authors: J Scott Weese and Mohammad Jalali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:230

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae is an avian pathogen that can lead to respiratory tract infections and arthritis in chickens and turkeys, resulting in serious economic losses to the poultry industry. Enolase reportedly plays...

    Authors: Shijun Bao, Xiaoqin Guo, Shengqing Yu, Jiabo Ding, Lei Tan, Fanqin Zhang, Yingjie Sun, Xusheng Qiu, Guanghua Chen and Chan Ding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:223

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  21. Content type: Methodology article

    As the importance of chlamydial infections in pigs has become more obvious, a rapid and sensitive method to study the prevalence of Chlamydia suis in pig herds is required. Such a method should permit routine dia...

    Authors: Paweł Lis, Aleksandra Kumala, Mirosław Spalinski and Krzysztof Rypula

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:225

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for produc...

    Authors: Manuela Oliveira, Cynthia Barroco, Carla Mottola, Raquel Santos, Abdelhak Lemsaddek, Luis Tavares and Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:218

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The yst gene that encodes the production of Yst enterotoxins is one of the most important and reliable virulence markers. Its ability to produce Yst has been demonstrated in pathogenic strains isolated from clini...

    Authors: Agata Bancerz-Kisiel, Karolina Lipczyńska, Anna Szczerba-Turek, Eugenia Gospodarek, Aleksandra Platt-Samoraj and Wojciech Szweda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:207

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Brucella ceti infections have been increasingly reported in cetaceans. Brucellosis in these animals is associated with meningoencephalitis, abortion, discospondylitis’, subcutaneous abscesses, endometritis and ot...

    Authors: Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Nazareth Ruiz-Villalobos, Lola Pérez, Caterina Guzmán-Verri, Pilar M Muñoz, Fernando Alegre, Montserrat Barberán, Carlos Chacón-Díaz, Esteban Chaves-Olarte, Rocio González-Barrientos, Edgardo Moreno, José María Blasco and Mariano Domingo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:206

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  25. Content type: Methodology article

    Yersiniosis is a zoonotic disease reported worldwide. Culture and PCR based protocols are the most common used methods for detection of pathogenic Yersinia species in animal samples. PCR sensitivity could be incr...

    Authors: Maialen Arrausi-Subiza, Jose Carlos Ibabe, Raquel Atxaerandio, Ramon A Juste and Marta Barral

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:192

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In this study, four lung lesion scoring methods (Slaughterhouse Pleurisy Evaluation System [SPES], Consolidation Lung Lesion Score [LLS], Image analyses [IA] and Ratio of lung weight/body weight [LW/BW]) were ...

    Authors: Marina Sibila, Virginia Aragón, Lorenzo Fraile and Joaquim Segalés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:165

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  27. Content type: Methodology article

    The routine diagnosis of Streptococcus spp. and other mastitis associated gram-positive, catalase-negative cocci is still based upon biochemical tests and serological methods, which frequently provide ambiguous i...

    Authors: Lydia Schabauer, Mareike Wenning, Ingrid Huber and Monika Ehling-Schulz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:156

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In Escherichia coli the genes involved in the acquisition of tetracycline resistance are mainly tet(A) and tet(B). In addition, tet(M) is the most common tetracycline resistance determinant in enterococci and it ...

    Authors: Sonia Jurado-Rabadán, Ricardo de la Fuente, José A Ruiz-Santa-Quiteria, José A Orden, Lisbeth E de Vries and Yvonne Agersø

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:155

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium usually found on skin and mucous membranes of warm blooded animals. Resistance in S. aureus has been increasingly reported though depending on the clonal lineage. Indee...

    Authors: Stéphanie Nemeghaire, M Angeles Argudín, Freddy Haesebrouck and Patrick Butaye

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:153

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  30. Content type: Methodology article

    The use of serological assays for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been intensively studied and use of specific antigens have aided in improving the diagnostic accuracy of the assays. In the present s...

    Authors: Ashutosh Wadhwa, Rachel E Johonson, Keiko Eda, W Ray Waters, Mitchell V Palmer, John P Bannantine and Shigetoshi Eda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:147

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira hampsonii”, discovered in North America in 2010 associated with dysentery-like illness, is an economically relevant swine pathogen resulting in decreased feed efficiency and increased morbidity, mort...

    Authors: Matheus O Costa, Janet E Hill, Champika Fernando, Hollie D Lemieux, Susan E Detmer, Joseph E Rubin and John C S Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:129

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Despite its global recognition as a ruminant pathogen, cases of Chlamydia pecorum infection in Australian livestock are poorly documented. In this report, a C. pecorum specific Multi Locus Sequence Analysis schem...

    Authors: Martina Jelocnik, David Forshaw, Jennifer Cotter, Danny Roberts, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:121

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In countries around the Baltic Sea grazing ruminants have access to and drink, surface water from lakes, rivers and in several coastal regions. The water quality of these naturally occurring reservoirs affects...

    Authors: Manjunath Manubolu, Samanthi RP Madawala, Paresh C Dutta and Kjell Malmlöf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:110

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen causing pneumonia, mastitis and arthritis in cattle worldwide. As this agent is primarily transmitted by direct contact and spread through animal movements, efficient gen...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:108

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Information about the genotypic characteristic of Coxiella burnetii from Hungary is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the genetic diversity of C. burnetii in Hungary and compare genotypes with those f...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Heidie M Hornstra, Talima Pearson, Alexandra Szigeti, Ádám Dán, Eszter Balla, Paul S Keim and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:107

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Field vaccination trials with Mycobacterium bovis BCG, an attenuated mutant of M. bovis, are ongoing in Spain, where the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is regarded as the main driver of animal tuberculosis (TB)....

    Authors: Christian Gortazar, Beatriz Beltrán-Beck, Joseba M Garrido, Alicia Aranaz, Iker A Sevilla, Mariana Boadella, Konstantin P Lyashchenko, Ruth C Galindo, Vidal Montoro, Lucas Domínguez, Ramón Juste and Jose de la Fuente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:96

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bibersteinia trehalosi causes respiratory disease in ruminants particularly in wild and domestic sheep. Recently, there has been an increased number of B. trehalosi isolates obtained from diagnostic samples from ...

    Authors: Christy J Hanthorn, Reneé D Dewell, Vickie L Cooper, Timothy S Frana, Paul J Plummer, Chong Wang and Grant A Dewell

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:89

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Swine influenza is a highly contagious viral infection in pigs affecting the respiratory tract that can have significant economic impacts. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is one of the most important post-weaning b...

    Authors: Yuan Dang, Claude Lachance, Yingchao Wang, Carl A Gagnon, Christian Savard, Mariela Segura, Daniel Grenier and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:86

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-borne pathogen of veterinary and human importance. Both ticks as vectors and vertebrates as reservoir hosts are essential for the cycle maintenance of this bacterium. Currently...

    Authors: Adrien Nahayo, Marjorie Bardiau, Rosario Volpe, Jessica Pirson, Julien Paternostre, Thomas Fett and Annick Linden

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:80

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The nasal microbiota of pigs has been poorly assessed but could play a role in carriage of important microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The objectives of this study were to...

    Authors: J Scott Weese, Mackenzie Slifierz, Mohammad Jalali and Robert Friendship

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:69

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal diarrhea is a multifactorial condition commonly present on pig farms and leads to economic losses due to increased morbidity and mortality of piglets. Immature immune system and lack of fully establis...

    Authors: Beata Jonach, Mette Boye, Anders Stockmarr and Tim Kåre Jensen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:68

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Analgesia is often indicated in rabbits undergoing surgical procedures or suffering from various painful conditions and the most common adverse effects associated with NSAIDs occur in the gastrointestinal trac...

    Authors: David Eshar and J Scott Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:62

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  43. Content type: Methodology article

    A preparation method for quantification of bacteria in tissues is obligatory to reduce tissue mass, concentrate the target, purify, remove inhibitory substances and to achieve constant target recovery rates. N...

    Authors: Evelyne Mann, Katharina Pommer, Patrick Mester, Martin Wagner and Peter Rossmanith

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:53

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Diseases caused by bacteria remain a major challenge globally and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The plants used in this study have been used in South Africa to treat helminth infections in livestock and ...

    Authors: Mathew Adamu, Vinny Naidoo and Jacobus N Eloff

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:52

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Infection by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, either alone or together, causes serious respiratory diseases in pigs.

    Authors: Seung Heon Lee, Seungwoo Lee, Chanhee Chae and Doug-Young Ryu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:43

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile is an important bacterial pathogen of humans and a variety of animal species. Birds, especially migratory passerine species, can play a role in the spread of many pathogens, including Clostr...

    Authors: Petra Bandelj, Tomi Trilar, Rok Blagus, Matjaz Ocepek, Joyce Rousseau, J Scott Weese and Modest Vengust

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:40

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Bovine enterotoxemia is a major cause of mortality in veal calves. Predominantly veal calves of beef cattle breeds are affected and losses due to enterotoxemia may account for up to 20% of total mortality. Clostr...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Stefanie Verherstraeten, Leen Timbermont, Bonnie R Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R Deprez and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:32

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