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Bacteriology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary agent of enzootic pneumonia in pigs. Pigs are often infected with different M. hyopneumoniae strains. This study assessed the...

    Authors: Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Filip Boyen, Roman Krejci, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:274

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Trueperella pyogenes is a worldwide known bacterium causing mastitis, abortion and various other pyogenic infections in domestic animals like ruminants and pigs. In this study we repre...

    Authors: Samy Nagib, Stefanie P. Glaeser, Tobias Eisenberg, Osama Sammra, Christoph Lämmler, Peter Kämpfer, Nicole Schauerte, Christina Geiger, Ute Kaim, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, André Becker and Amir Abdulmawjood

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:273

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which belongs to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Mycobacterium bovis have been described to be responsible of most cases of bovine tuberculosis....

    Authors: Hind Yahyaoui-Azami, Hamid Aboukhassib, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Jaouad Berrada, Soukaina Rami, Miriam Reinhard, Sebastien Gagneux, Julia Feldmann, Sonia Borrell and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:272

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Outbreaks of a Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) like disease causing large mortalities in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Asia and in Africa have been reported since 1890. Yet the aetiology of this condition remains...

    Authors: Ilona V. Gluecks, Astrid Bethe, Mario Younan and Christa Ewers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:265

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The development of a mouse model as an in vivo pathogenicity screening tool for Brachyspira spp. has advanced the study of these economically important pathogens in recent years. However, none of the murine model...

    Authors: Courtney E. Ek, Roman Nosach, Champika Fernando, Yanyun Huang, Jason Byron D.S. Perez, Matheus O. Costa, Samantha Ekanayake, Janet E. Hill and John C.S. Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:261

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Environmental sampling based on boot swabs and/or liquid manure samples is an upcoming strategy for the identification of paratuberculosis (paraTB) positive herds, but only limited data are available regarding...

    Authors: Nathalie Hahn, Klaus Failing, Tobias Eisenberg, Karen Schlez, Peter-Michael Zschöck, Karsten Donat, Esra Einax and Heike Köhler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:259

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Selenium (Se) is an essential trace mineral in broilers, which has several important roles in biological processes. Organic forms of Se are more efficient than inorganic forms and can be produced biologically ...

    Authors: A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, A. Q. Sazili, M. F. Jahromi and A. A. Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:254

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pasteurella multocida is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes economically significant infections of a broad range of animal species. Pneumonic and septicaemic pasteurellosis caused b...

    Authors: Teerasak E-kobon, Ratiporn Leeanan, Saengtian Pannoi, Pornchai Anuntasomboon, Pacharee Thongkamkoon and Arinthip Thamchaipenet

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:243

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The main cause of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is believed to be Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). Nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) are neglected but opportunistic pathogens and obstacles for bTB diagnosis. This stu...

    Authors: Anwar Nuru, Aboma Zewude, Temesgen Mohammed, Biniam Wondale, Laikemariam Teshome, Muluwork Getahun, Gezahegne Mamo, Girmay Medhin, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:237

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to companion animals raises public health concerns for both animals and humans. While considerable attention has been paid to bacterial contamination of commercial pet food,...

    Authors: Federica Giacometti, Jacopo Magarotto, Andrea Serraino and Silvia Piva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:224

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Pasteurella multocida, Mannheimia haemolytica, Histophilus somni and Trueperella pyogenes are four bacterial agents commonly associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). In this s...

    Authors: Henk J. Wisselink, Jan B.W.J. Cornelissen, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Freddy M. de Bree and Adriaan F.G. Antonis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:221

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bacillus (B.) anthracis, the causal agent of anthrax, is effectively controlled by the Sterne live spore vaccine (34F2) in animals. However, live spore vaccines are not suitable for si...

    Authors: Susanne M. Koehler, Fatih Buyuk, Ozgur Celebi, Hayati Demiraslan, Mehmet Doganay, Mitat Sahin, Jens Moehring, Okechukwu C. Ndumnego, Salih Otlu, Henriette van Heerden and Wolfgang Beyer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:220

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Campylobacter is the main cause of gastroenteritis in humans in industrialized countries, and poultry is its principal reservoir and source of human infections. Dietary supplementation...

    Authors: Medelin Ocejo, Beatriz Oporto, Ramón A. Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:199

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection ...

    Authors: O. Vega-Orellana, J. B. Poveda, R. S. Rosales, J. M. Bradbury, C. G. Poveda, L. E. Mederos-Iriarte, M. M. Tavío and A. S. Ramírez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:195

    Content type: Methodology article

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  15. Pasteurella multocida B:2 causes bovine haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS), leading to rapid fatalities in cattle and buffaloes. An attenuated derivative of P. multocida B:2 GDH7, was previ...

    Authors: Nuriqmaliza M. Kamal, M. Zamri-Saad, Mas Jaffri Masarudin and Sarah Othman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:186

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Diarrhea in piglets is one of the main causes of animal death after weaning; zinc oxide (ZnO) has been used in high doses for the control of this sickness. The aim of this study was to determine the physicoche...

    Authors: Marina S.R. Barreto, Cristina T. Andrade, Luiz Cláudio R. P. da Silva, Lúcio M. Cabral, Vânia M. Flosi Paschoalin and Eduardo M. Del Aguila

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:181

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Leptospirosis is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira spp. This zoonotic disease is distributed globally and affects domestic animals, including cattle. Leptospira interrogans serogroup Sejroe...

    Authors: Maria Raquel V. Cosate, Tetsu Sakamoto, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Élvio C. Moreira, Carlos G. Regis da Silva, Bruno S. A. F. Brasil, Camila S. F. Oliveira, Vasco Ariston de Azevedo, José Miguel Ortega, Rômulo C. Leite and João Paulo Haddad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:177

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In recent years, highly frequent swine respiratory diseases have been caused by extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) in China. Due to this increase in ExPECs, this bacterial pathogen has become a t...

    Authors: Ling-Cong Kong, Xia Guo, Zi Wang, Yun-Hang Gao, Bo-Yan Jia, Shu-Ming Liu and Hong-Xia Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:169

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) control programs generally rely on the tuberculin skin test (TST) for ante-mortem detection of Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle.

    Authors: W. Ray Waters, H. Martin Vordermeier, Shelley Rhodes, Bhagwati Khatri, Mitchell V. Palmer, Mayara F. Maggioli, Tyler C. Thacker, Jeffrey T. Nelson, Bruce V. Thomsen, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M. Bravo Garcia, Mark A. Schoenbaum, Mark S. Camacho, Jean S. Ray, Javan Esfandiari, Paul Lambotte…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:164

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Little is known about the occurrence of important diseases of ruminants in Afghanistan because of the conflict affecting the country over the last 40 years. To address this discrepancy, ruminant herds in Afgha...

    Authors: W. Bahir, O. Omar, R.S. Rosales, M. Hlusek, G. Ziay, W. Schauwers, A.M. Whatmore and R.A.J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:149

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Diarrhea in foals affects up to 60% of foals during the first six months of life. The effect of diarrhea on the fecal bacterial microbiota in foals has not been investigated. Little is known on the fecal bacte...

    Authors: A. Schoster, H.R. Staempfli, L.G. Guardabassi, M. Jalali and J.S. Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:144

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Leptospirosis is a re-emerging bacterial zoonosis caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Severe disease has been reported in dogs in Europe despite vaccination with bivalent Leptospira vaccines. Recently,...

    Authors: Andrea M. Spiri, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, José M. Matos, Tony M. Glaus, Barbara Riond, Claudia E. Reusch, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Barbara Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:138

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of...

    Authors: Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash and Tadesse Eguale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:134

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluat...

    Authors: Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:132

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in thei...

    Authors: Linda D. Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M. Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J. Delahay, Roland Ashford, W. Ian Montgomery and Irene R. Grant

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:131

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in swine. H. parasuis comprises strains with heterogeneous virulence capacity, from non-virulent to highly virulent. ...

    Authors: N. Galofré-Milà, F. Correa-Fiz, S. Lacouture, M. Gottschalk, K. Strutzberg-Minder, A. Bensaid, S. Pina-Pedrero and V. Aragon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:124

    Content type: Methodology article

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  27. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is caused by growth of single or multiple species of pathogenic bacteria in lung tissue following stress and/or viral infection. Next generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA...

    Authors: Dayle Johnston, Bernadette Earley, Paul Cormican, Gerard Murray, David Anthony Kenny, Sinead Mary Waters, Mark McGee, Alan Kieran Kelly and Matthew Sean McCabe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:118

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mycoplasma synoviae (M. synoviae) is widely distributed around the world, and leads to serious economic losses in the world every year. Nevertheless, the incidence and epidemiology of

    Authors: Shi-Kai Sun, Xin Lin, Feng Chen, Ding-Ai Wang, Jun-Peng Lu, Jian-Ping Qin and Ting-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:115

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with...

    Authors: Jan B. W. J. Cornelissen, Freddy M. de Bree, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. J. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Adriaan F. Antonis and Henk J. Wisselink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:97

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Swine extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important pathogen that leads to economic and welfare costs in the swine industry worldwide, and is occurring with increasing frequency in China. By...

    Authors: Yinchu Zhu, Wenyang Dong, Jiale Ma, Lvfeng Yuan, Hassan M.A. Hejair, Zihao Pan, Guangjin Liu and Huochun Yao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:94

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of “equine strangles” which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specime...

    Authors: Ashley G. Boyle, Darko Stefanovski and Shelley C. Rankin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:75

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in ...

    Authors: Jørgen S. Agerholm, Tim K. Jensen, Jens F. Agger, Marc Y. Engelsma and Hendrik I. J. Roest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:69

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is an ocular infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae which affects small domestic and wild mountain ruminants. Domestic sheep maintain the pathogen but the detec...

    Authors: Giuseppina Gelormini, Dominique Gauthier, Edy M. Vilei, Jean-Paul Crampe, Joachim Frey and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:67

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL–producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medici...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Lee and Kuang-Sheng Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:66

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important human opportunistic pathogen responsible for fatal nosocomial infections worldwide, and has emerged as a relevant animal pathogen. Treatment opti...

    Authors: Isa Serrano, Daniel De Vos, José Pedro Santos, Florence Bilocq, Alexandre Leitão, Luis Tavares, Jean-Paul Pirnay and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:58

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Hemoplasma species (spp.) commonly cause infections in cats worldwide. However, data on risk factors for infections are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hemoplasma spp. infecti...

    Authors: Michèle Bergmann, Theresa Englert, Bianca Stuetzer, Jennifer R. Hawley, Michael R. Lappin and Katrin Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:52

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Two main genetic groups (B.12 and B.FTNF002-00) of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica are endemic in Europe. The B.FTNF002-00 group proved to be dominant in Western European countries, while strains of the B....

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Károly Erdélyi, Orsolya Felde, Massimo Fabbi, Kinga M. Sulyok, Tibor Magyar and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A multiplex qPCR targeting a 128 bp region on the 23S rDNA gene was developed for detection of Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae and B. pilosicoli, the agents of swine dysentery (SD) and porcine intestinal spirocha...

    Authors: Anna Borgström, Simone Scherrer, Constanze Kirchgässner, Sarah Schmitt, Daniel Frei and Max M. Wittenbrink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:42

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) inactivated by a regulated autolysis system was genetically engineered to express the homo-pentameric B subunit of Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2eB) on it...

    Authors: Gayeon Won, Tae Hoon Kim and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:40

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The heterogeneity observed regarding persistence, and subsequent fecal shedding pattern of the Salmonella Senftenberg (S. Senftenberg) serovar in chicken’s calls for development of the optimized immunization stra...

    Authors: Nitin M. Kamble and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:39

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs.

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Tolga Karapinar, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Zulal Asci Toraman, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan and Hatice Eroksuz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:30

    Content type: Case Report

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  42. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which leads to large economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, S-8△clpP△apxII...

    Authors: Fang Xie, Gang Li, Long Zhou, Yanhe Zhang, Ning Cui, Siguo Liu and Chunlai Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:14

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sensitive diagnostic tools are necessary for the detection of Mycobacterium suricattae infection in meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in order to more clearly understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis and the ecolo...

    Authors: Charlene Clarke, Stuart James Patterson, Julian Ashley Drewe, Paul David van Helden, Michele Ann Miller and Sven David Charles Parsons

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Campylobacter fetus is a pathogen of major concern for animal and human health. The species shows a great intraspecific variation, with three subspecies: C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. fetu...

    Authors: Gregorio Iraola, Ruben Pérez, Laura Betancor, Ana Marandino, Claudia Morsella, Alejandra Méndez, Fernando Paolicchi, Alessandra Piccirillo, Gonzalo Tomás, Alejandra Velilla and Lucía Calleros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:286

    Content type: Methodology article

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  45. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most common enteropathogenic bacteria found in pigs in Europe. In our previous work, we demonstrated the protective effects in suc...

    Authors: Jan Gebauer, Hana Kudlackova, Marcel Kosina, Kamil Kovarcik, Radek Tesarik, Alena Osvaldova, Martin Faldyna and Jan Matiasovic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:252

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Biosecurity measures such as cleaning, disinfection and a vacancy period between production cycles on pig farms are essential to prevent disease outbreaks. No studies have tested the effect of a longer vacancy...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:236

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling mo...

    Authors: Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt and Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:233

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Periodontal disease is a highly prevalent illness that affects many dogs, reaching up to 85 % prevalence in individuals over the age of 4 years. Currently the drug of choice for combating the formation of dent...

    Authors: Fábio Alessandro Pieri, Marina Campos de Castro Souza, Ligia Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Marina Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Pedro Griffo Perciano, Fabiano Souza Vargas, Andréa Pacheco Batista Borges, Valdir Florêncio da Veiga-Junior and Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:216

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Streptococcosis is an important disease of tilapia throughout the world. In Malaysia, streptococcosis outbreak was commonly reported during the 3-month period of high water temperature between April and July. ...

    Authors: M. S. Ismail, A. Siti-Zahrah, M. R. M. Syafiq, M. N. A. Amal, M. Firdaus-Nawi and M. Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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