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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter is the main cause of gastroenteritis in humans in industrialized countries, and poultry is its principal reservoir and source of human infections. Dietary supplementation...

    Authors: Medelin Ocejo, Beatriz Oporto, Ramón A. Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:199

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  2. Content type: Methodology article

    Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection ...

    Authors: O. Vega-Orellana, J. B. Poveda, R. S. Rosales, J. M. Bradbury, C. G. Poveda, L. E. Mederos-Iriarte, M. M. Tavío and A. S. Ramírez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:195

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida B:2 causes bovine haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS), leading to rapid fatalities in cattle and buffaloes. An attenuated derivative of P. multocida B:2 GDH7, was previ...

    Authors: Nuriqmaliza M. Kamal, M. Zamri-Saad, Mas Jaffri Masarudin and Sarah Othman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:186

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea in piglets is one of the main causes of animal death after weaning; zinc oxide (ZnO) has been used in high doses for the control of this sickness. The aim of this study was to determine the physicoche...

    Authors: Marina S.R. Barreto, Cristina T. Andrade, Luiz Cláudio R. P. da Silva, Lúcio M. Cabral, Vânia M. Flosi Paschoalin and Eduardo M. Del Aguila

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:181

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira spp. This zoonotic disease is distributed globally and affects domestic animals, including cattle. Leptospira interrogans serogroup Sejroe...

    Authors: Maria Raquel V. Cosate, Tetsu Sakamoto, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Élvio C. Moreira, Carlos G. Regis da Silva, Bruno S. A. F. Brasil, Camila S. F. Oliveira, Vasco Ariston de Azevedo, José Miguel Ortega, Rômulo C. Leite and João Paulo Haddad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:177

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, highly frequent swine respiratory diseases have been caused by extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) in China. Due to this increase in ExPECs, this bacterial pathogen has become a t...

    Authors: Ling-Cong Kong, Xia Guo, Zi Wang, Yun-Hang Gao, Bo-Yan Jia, Shu-Ming Liu and Hong-Xia Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:169

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (TB) control programs generally rely on the tuberculin skin test (TST) for ante-mortem detection of Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle.

    Authors: W. Ray Waters, H. Martin Vordermeier, Shelley Rhodes, Bhagwati Khatri, Mitchell V. Palmer, Mayara F. Maggioli, Tyler C. Thacker, Jeffrey T. Nelson, Bruce V. Thomsen, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M. Bravo Garcia, Mark A. Schoenbaum, Mark S. Camacho, Jean S. Ray, Javan Esfandiari, Paul Lambotte…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:164

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the occurrence of important diseases of ruminants in Afghanistan because of the conflict affecting the country over the last 40 years. To address this discrepancy, ruminant herds in Afgha...

    Authors: W. Bahir, O. Omar, R.S. Rosales, M. Hlusek, G. Ziay, W. Schauwers, A.M. Whatmore and R.A.J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:149

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea in foals affects up to 60% of foals during the first six months of life. The effect of diarrhea on the fecal bacterial microbiota in foals has not been investigated. Little is known on the fecal bacte...

    Authors: A. Schoster, H.R. Staempfli, L.G. Guardabassi, M. Jalali and J.S. Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:144

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is a re-emerging bacterial zoonosis caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Severe disease has been reported in dogs in Europe despite vaccination with bivalent Leptospira vaccines. Recently,...

    Authors: Andrea M. Spiri, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, José M. Matos, Tony M. Glaus, Barbara Riond, Claudia E. Reusch, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Barbara Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:138

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of...

    Authors: Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash and Tadesse Eguale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:134

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluat...

    Authors: Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:132

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in thei...

    Authors: Linda D. Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M. Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J. Delahay, Roland Ashford, W. Ian Montgomery and Irene R. Grant

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:131

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  14. Content type: Methodology article

    Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in swine. H. parasuis comprises strains with heterogeneous virulence capacity, from non-virulent to highly virulent. ...

    Authors: N. Galofré-Milà, F. Correa-Fiz, S. Lacouture, M. Gottschalk, K. Strutzberg-Minder, A. Bensaid, S. Pina-Pedrero and V. Aragon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:124

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is caused by growth of single or multiple species of pathogenic bacteria in lung tissue following stress and/or viral infection. Next generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA...

    Authors: Dayle Johnston, Bernadette Earley, Paul Cormican, Gerard Murray, David Anthony Kenny, Sinead Mary Waters, Mark McGee, Alan Kieran Kelly and Matthew Sean McCabe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:118

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (M. synoviae) is widely distributed around the world, and leads to serious economic losses in the world every year. Nevertheless, the incidence and epidemiology of

    Authors: Shi-Kai Sun, Xin Lin, Feng Chen, Ding-Ai Wang, Jun-Peng Lu, Jian-Ping Qin and Ting-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:115

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with...

    Authors: Jan B. W. J. Cornelissen, Freddy M. de Bree, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. J. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Adriaan F. Antonis and Henk J. Wisselink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Swine extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important pathogen that leads to economic and welfare costs in the swine industry worldwide, and is occurring with increasing frequency in China. By...

    Authors: Yinchu Zhu, Wenyang Dong, Jiale Ma, Lvfeng Yuan, Hassan M.A. Hejair, Zihao Pan, Guangjin Liu and Huochun Yao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:94

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  19. Content type: Methodology article

    Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of “equine strangles” which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specime...

    Authors: Ashley G. Boyle, Darko Stefanovski and Shelley C. Rankin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:75

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in ...

    Authors: Jørgen S. Agerholm, Tim K. Jensen, Jens F. Agger, Marc Y. Engelsma and Hendrik I. J. Roest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:69

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is an ocular infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae which affects small domestic and wild mountain ruminants. Domestic sheep maintain the pathogen but the detec...

    Authors: Giuseppina Gelormini, Dominique Gauthier, Edy M. Vilei, Jean-Paul Crampe, Joachim Frey and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:67

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL–producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medici...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Lee and Kuang-Sheng Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:66

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important human opportunistic pathogen responsible for fatal nosocomial infections worldwide, and has emerged as a relevant animal pathogen. Treatment opti...

    Authors: Isa Serrano, Daniel De Vos, José Pedro Santos, Florence Bilocq, Alexandre Leitão, Luis Tavares, Jean-Paul Pirnay and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:58

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Hemoplasma species (spp.) commonly cause infections in cats worldwide. However, data on risk factors for infections are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hemoplasma spp. infecti...

    Authors: Michèle Bergmann, Theresa Englert, Bianca Stuetzer, Jennifer R. Hawley, Michael R. Lappin and Katrin Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:52

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Two main genetic groups (B.12 and B.FTNF002-00) of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica are endemic in Europe. The B.FTNF002-00 group proved to be dominant in Western European countries, while strains of the B....

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Károly Erdélyi, Orsolya Felde, Massimo Fabbi, Kinga M. Sulyok, Tibor Magyar and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:46

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  26. Content type: Methodology article

    A multiplex qPCR targeting a 128 bp region on the 23S rDNA gene was developed for detection of Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae and B. pilosicoli, the agents of swine dysentery (SD) and porcine intestinal spirocha...

    Authors: Anna Borgström, Simone Scherrer, Constanze Kirchgässner, Sarah Schmitt, Daniel Frei and Max M. Wittenbrink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:42

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) inactivated by a regulated autolysis system was genetically engineered to express the homo-pentameric B subunit of Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2eB) on it...

    Authors: Gayeon Won, Tae Hoon Kim and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:40

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The heterogeneity observed regarding persistence, and subsequent fecal shedding pattern of the Salmonella Senftenberg (S. Senftenberg) serovar in chicken’s calls for development of the optimized immunization stra...

    Authors: Nitin M. Kamble and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:39

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  29. Content type: Case Report

    Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs.

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Tolga Karapinar, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Zulal Asci Toraman, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan and Hatice Eroksuz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:30

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which leads to large economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, S-8△clpP△apxII...

    Authors: Fang Xie, Gang Li, Long Zhou, Yanhe Zhang, Ning Cui, Siguo Liu and Chunlai Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Sensitive diagnostic tools are necessary for the detection of Mycobacterium suricattae infection in meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in order to more clearly understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis and the ecolo...

    Authors: Charlene Clarke, Stuart James Patterson, Julian Ashley Drewe, Paul David van Helden, Michele Ann Miller and Sven David Charles Parsons

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:2

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  32. Content type: Methodology article

    Campylobacter fetus is a pathogen of major concern for animal and human health. The species shows a great intraspecific variation, with three subspecies: C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. fetu...

    Authors: Gregorio Iraola, Ruben Pérez, Laura Betancor, Ana Marandino, Claudia Morsella, Alejandra Méndez, Fernando Paolicchi, Alessandra Piccirillo, Gonzalo Tomás, Alejandra Velilla and Lucía Calleros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:286

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  33. Content type: Methodology article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most common enteropathogenic bacteria found in pigs in Europe. In our previous work, we demonstrated the protective effects in suc...

    Authors: Jan Gebauer, Hana Kudlackova, Marcel Kosina, Kamil Kovarcik, Radek Tesarik, Alena Osvaldova, Martin Faldyna and Jan Matiasovic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:252

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Biosecurity measures such as cleaning, disinfection and a vacancy period between production cycles on pig farms are essential to prevent disease outbreaks. No studies have tested the effect of a longer vacancy...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:236

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling mo...

    Authors: Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt and Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:233

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Periodontal disease is a highly prevalent illness that affects many dogs, reaching up to 85 % prevalence in individuals over the age of 4 years. Currently the drug of choice for combating the formation of dent...

    Authors: Fábio Alessandro Pieri, Marina Campos de Castro Souza, Ligia Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Marina Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Pedro Griffo Perciano, Fabiano Souza Vargas, Andréa Pacheco Batista Borges, Valdir Florêncio da Veiga-Junior and Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:216

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcosis is an important disease of tilapia throughout the world. In Malaysia, streptococcosis outbreak was commonly reported during the 3-month period of high water temperature between April and July. ...

    Authors: M. S. Ismail, A. Siti-Zahrah, M. R. M. Syafiq, M. N. A. Amal, M. Firdaus-Nawi and M. Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:194

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  38. Content type: Case Report

    Arthritis is an economically significant disease in lambs and is usually the result of a bacterial infection. One of the known agents of this disease is Chlamydia pecorum, a globally recognised livestock pathogen...

    Authors: Evelyn Walker, Cecily Moore, Patrick Shearer, Martina Jelocnik, Sankhya Bommana, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:193

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Colonisation of the environment of nursery units by pathogenic micro-organisms is an important factor in the persistence and spread of endemic diseases in pigs and zoonotic pathogens. These pathogens are gener...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:189

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma sp. 1220 can induce inflammation primarily in the genital and respiratory tracts of waterfowl, leading to serious economic losses. Adequate housing and appropriate antibioti...

    Authors: Dénes Grózner, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Kinga M. Sulyok, Zsuzsanna Rónai, Veronika Hrivnák, Ibolya Turcsányi, Szilárd Jánosi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:170

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes avian colibacillosis, which results in economic and welfare costs in the poultry industry worldwide. The pathogenesis of avian pathogenic E. coli strains is not wel...

    Authors: Yaxin Li, Jianjun Dai, Xiangkai Zhuge, Haojin Wang, Lin Hu, Jianluan Ren, Ling Chen, Dezhi Li and Fang Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:167

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respirat...

    Authors: Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco and Catherine Schouler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:140

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) has emerged globally in companion animals in the last decade. In Europe, the multidrug-resistant sequence type (ST)71 is widespread, but recently other...

    Authors: Peter Damborg, Arshnee Moodley, Bent Aalbæk, Gianpiero Ventrella, Teresa Pires dos Santos and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:131

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  44. Content type: Research article

    From the beginning of the 21st century Enterococcus cecorum has emerged as a significant health problem for poultry raised under intensive production systems. To obtain new insights into this bacterial species, w...

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, László Makrai and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:129

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  45. Content type: Research article

    New therapeutic strategies are needed to face the rapid spread of multidrug-resistant staphylococci in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to identify synergies between antimicrobial and non-a...

    Authors: Rikke Prejh Brochmann, Alexandra Helmfrid, Bimal Jana, Zofia Magnowska and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:126

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Disseminated infection and bacteraemia is an underreported and under-researched aspect of Johne’s disease. This is mainly due to the time it takes for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) to grow and...

    Authors: Benjamin M. C. Swift, Jonathan N. Huxley, Karren M. Plain, Douglas J. Begg, Kumudika de Silva, Auriol C. Purdie, Richard J. Whittington and Catherine E. D. Rees

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:115

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  47. Content type: Case report

    This paper presents an unusual form of disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a dog. The infection lasted at least one year and its main gross lesions were massive cardiac tuberculomas. To the best ...

    Authors: Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Michał Czopowicz, Arkadiusz Olkowski, Andrzej Łobaczewski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Rafał Sapierzyński, Elżbieta Wiatr, Magdalena Garncarz and Tadeusz Frymus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:109

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Bovine necrohemorrhagic enteritis is caused by Clostridium perfringens type A. Due to the rapid progress and fatal outcome of the disease, vaccination would be of high value. In this study, C. perfringens toxins,...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Stefanie Verherstraeten, Bonnie R. Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Leen Timbermont, Stijn Schauvliege, Diego Rodrigo-Mocholí, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R. Deprez and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:101

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Canine influenza virus (CIV) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (Sp) are pathogens that cause respiratory disease in dogs. Considering bacterial infections following influenza are a leading cause of illness and ...

    Authors: Dildar Hussain Kalhoro, Shanshan Gao, Xing Xie, Shan Liang, Su Luo, Yanbing Zhao and Yongjie Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:87

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