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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important human opportunistic pathogen responsible for fatal nosocomial infections worldwide, and has emerged as a relevant animal pathogen. Treatment opti...

    Authors: Isa Serrano, Daniel De Vos, José Pedro Santos, Florence Bilocq, Alexandre Leitão, Luis Tavares, Jean-Paul Pirnay and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:58

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hemoplasma species (spp.) commonly cause infections in cats worldwide. However, data on risk factors for infections are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hemoplasma spp. infecti...

    Authors: Michèle Bergmann, Theresa Englert, Bianca Stuetzer, Jennifer R. Hawley, Michael R. Lappin and Katrin Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:52

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Two main genetic groups (B.12 and B.FTNF002-00) of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica are endemic in Europe. The B.FTNF002-00 group proved to be dominant in Western European countries, while strains of the B....

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Károly Erdélyi, Orsolya Felde, Massimo Fabbi, Kinga M. Sulyok, Tibor Magyar and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:46

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  4. Content type: Methodology article

    A multiplex qPCR targeting a 128 bp region on the 23S rDNA gene was developed for detection of Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae and B. pilosicoli, the agents of swine dysentery (SD) and porcine intestinal spirocha...

    Authors: Anna Borgström, Simone Scherrer, Constanze Kirchgässner, Sarah Schmitt, Daniel Frei and Max M. Wittenbrink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:42

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) inactivated by a regulated autolysis system was genetically engineered to express the homo-pentameric B subunit of Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2eB) on it...

    Authors: Gayeon Won, Tae Hoon Kim and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:40

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The heterogeneity observed regarding persistence, and subsequent fecal shedding pattern of the Salmonella Senftenberg (S. Senftenberg) serovar in chicken’s calls for development of the optimized immunization stra...

    Authors: Nitin M. Kamble and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:39

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  7. Content type: Case Report

    Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs.

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Tolga Karapinar, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Zulal Asci Toraman, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan and Hatice Eroksuz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:30

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which leads to large economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, S-8△clpP△apxII...

    Authors: Fang Xie, Gang Li, Long Zhou, Yanhe Zhang, Ning Cui, Siguo Liu and Chunlai Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:14

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sensitive diagnostic tools are necessary for the detection of Mycobacterium suricattae infection in meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in order to more clearly understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis and the ecolo...

    Authors: Charlene Clarke, Stuart James Patterson, Julian Ashley Drewe, Paul David van Helden, Michele Ann Miller and Sven David Charles Parsons

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:2

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    Campylobacter fetus is a pathogen of major concern for animal and human health. The species shows a great intraspecific variation, with three subspecies: C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. fetu...

    Authors: Gregorio Iraola, Ruben Pérez, Laura Betancor, Ana Marandino, Claudia Morsella, Alejandra Méndez, Fernando Paolicchi, Alessandra Piccirillo, Gonzalo Tomás, Alejandra Velilla and Lucía Calleros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:286

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  11. Content type: Methodology article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most common enteropathogenic bacteria found in pigs in Europe. In our previous work, we demonstrated the protective effects in suc...

    Authors: Jan Gebauer, Hana Kudlackova, Marcel Kosina, Kamil Kovarcik, Radek Tesarik, Alena Osvaldova, Martin Faldyna and Jan Matiasovic

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:252

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Biosecurity measures such as cleaning, disinfection and a vacancy period between production cycles on pig farms are essential to prevent disease outbreaks. No studies have tested the effect of a longer vacancy...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:236

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling mo...

    Authors: Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt and Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:233

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Periodontal disease is a highly prevalent illness that affects many dogs, reaching up to 85 % prevalence in individuals over the age of 4 years. Currently the drug of choice for combating the formation of dent...

    Authors: Fábio Alessandro Pieri, Marina Campos de Castro Souza, Ligia Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Marina Lobato Ramos Vermelho, Pedro Griffo Perciano, Fabiano Souza Vargas, Andréa Pacheco Batista Borges, Valdir Florêncio da Veiga-Junior and Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:216

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcosis is an important disease of tilapia throughout the world. In Malaysia, streptococcosis outbreak was commonly reported during the 3-month period of high water temperature between April and July. ...

    Authors: M. S. Ismail, A. Siti-Zahrah, M. R. M. Syafiq, M. N. A. Amal, M. Firdaus-Nawi and M. Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:194

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  16. Content type: Case Report

    Arthritis is an economically significant disease in lambs and is usually the result of a bacterial infection. One of the known agents of this disease is Chlamydia pecorum, a globally recognised livestock pathogen...

    Authors: Evelyn Walker, Cecily Moore, Patrick Shearer, Martina Jelocnik, Sankhya Bommana, Peter Timms and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:193

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Colonisation of the environment of nursery units by pathogenic micro-organisms is an important factor in the persistence and spread of endemic diseases in pigs and zoonotic pathogens. These pathogens are gener...

    Authors: K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:189

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma sp. 1220 can induce inflammation primarily in the genital and respiratory tracts of waterfowl, leading to serious economic losses. Adequate housing and appropriate antibioti...

    Authors: Dénes Grózner, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Kinga M. Sulyok, Zsuzsanna Rónai, Veronika Hrivnák, Ibolya Turcsányi, Szilárd Jánosi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:170

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes avian colibacillosis, which results in economic and welfare costs in the poultry industry worldwide. The pathogenesis of avian pathogenic E. coli strains is not wel...

    Authors: Yaxin Li, Jianjun Dai, Xiangkai Zhuge, Haojin Wang, Lin Hu, Jianluan Ren, Ling Chen, Dezhi Li and Fang Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:167

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respirat...

    Authors: Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco and Catherine Schouler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:140

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) has emerged globally in companion animals in the last decade. In Europe, the multidrug-resistant sequence type (ST)71 is widespread, but recently other...

    Authors: Peter Damborg, Arshnee Moodley, Bent Aalbæk, Gianpiero Ventrella, Teresa Pires dos Santos and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:131

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  22. Content type: Research article

    From the beginning of the 21st century Enterococcus cecorum has emerged as a significant health problem for poultry raised under intensive production systems. To obtain new insights into this bacterial species, w...

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, László Makrai and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:129

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  23. Content type: Research article

    New therapeutic strategies are needed to face the rapid spread of multidrug-resistant staphylococci in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to identify synergies between antimicrobial and non-a...

    Authors: Rikke Prejh Brochmann, Alexandra Helmfrid, Bimal Jana, Zofia Magnowska and Luca Guardabassi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:126

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Disseminated infection and bacteraemia is an underreported and under-researched aspect of Johne’s disease. This is mainly due to the time it takes for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) to grow and...

    Authors: Benjamin M. C. Swift, Jonathan N. Huxley, Karren M. Plain, Douglas J. Begg, Kumudika de Silva, Auriol C. Purdie, Richard J. Whittington and Catherine E. D. Rees

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:115

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  25. Content type: Case report

    This paper presents an unusual form of disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a dog. The infection lasted at least one year and its main gross lesions were massive cardiac tuberculomas. To the best ...

    Authors: Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Michał Czopowicz, Arkadiusz Olkowski, Andrzej Łobaczewski, Magdalena Rzewuska, Rafał Sapierzyński, Elżbieta Wiatr, Magdalena Garncarz and Tadeusz Frymus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:109

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Bovine necrohemorrhagic enteritis is caused by Clostridium perfringens type A. Due to the rapid progress and fatal outcome of the disease, vaccination would be of high value. In this study, C. perfringens toxins,...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Stefanie Verherstraeten, Bonnie R. Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Leen Timbermont, Stijn Schauvliege, Diego Rodrigo-Mocholí, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R. Deprez and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:101

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Canine influenza virus (CIV) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (Sp) are pathogens that cause respiratory disease in dogs. Considering bacterial infections following influenza are a leading cause of illness and ...

    Authors: Dildar Hussain Kalhoro, Shanshan Gao, Xing Xie, Shan Liang, Su Luo, Yanbing Zhao and Yongjie Liu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:87

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Commercial bacterins are widely used at weaning to control Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infections in pigs. However, it is not known whether the efficacy of vaccinating against M. hyopneumoniae can be influenced by t...

    Authors: Ioannis Arsenakis, Luca Panzavolta, Annelies Michiels, Rubén Del Pozo Sacristán, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:63

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The study presents the phenotypic and genetic characterization of selected P. salmonis isolates from Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout suffering from SRS (salmonid rickettsial septicemia) in Chile and in Canada. ...

    Authors: Alexander Otterlei, Øyvind J. Brevik, Daniel Jensen, Henrik Duesund, Ingunn Sommerset, Petter Frost, Julio Mendoza, Peter McKenzie, Are Nylund and Patricia Apablaza

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:55

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  30. Content type: Case report

    The role of wild birds in the transmission and spread of mycoplasmas is not clear. Up to now different Mycoplasma species have been isolated from wild birds many of which are not considered pathogens sensu strict...

    Authors: Salvatore Catania, Federica Gobbo, Ana S. Ramirez, Davide Guadagnini, Elisa Baldasso, Maria Luisa Moronato and Robin A. J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:52

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:75

  31. Content type: Research article

    Listeria monocytogenes (LM), a foodborne pathogen, can cause pregnancy failure in animals, especially in ruminants. Recent studies have shown that LM activates inflammasomes to induce IL-1β release in macrophages...

    Authors: Wenyan Li, Yumei Chang, Shuang Liang, Zhenyu Zhong, Xiujin Li, Jiexia Wen, Yonghong Zhang, Jianlou Zhang, Liyue Wang, Hongyu Lin, Xuebin Cao, Heling Huang and Fei Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:36

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms of how Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae enhances secondary Pasteurella multocida type A infection which leads to porcine enzootic pneumonia in infect...

    Authors: Changhoon Park, Jiwoon Jeong, Ikjae Kang, Kyuhyung Choi, Su-Jin Park and Chanhee Chae

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:25

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Brucella melitensis is the most important pathogenic species of Brucella spp. which affects goats and sheep and causes caprine and ovine brucellosis, respectively. Serological tests fo...

    Authors: Ihsan Muneer Ahmed, Siti Khairani-Bejo, Latiffah Hassan, Abdul Rani Bahaman and Abdul Rahman Omar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:275

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal and post-weaning colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli is responsible for substantial economic losses encountered by the pork industry. Intestinal colonization of young piglets by E. coli depe...

    Authors: Predrag Novakovic, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Igor Moshynskyy, Betty Lockerbie, Radhey S. Kaushik, Matthew E. Loewen, Beverly A. Kidney, Chris Stuart and Elemir Simko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:238

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the agent of Lyme borreliosis, is mainly maintained in natural foci through the transmission cycles of competent tick vectors (Ixodes sp.) and a verteb...

    Authors: Tjaša Cerar, Miša Korva, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Eva Ružić-Sabljić

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2015 11:188

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is an infectious disease that affects small ruminants and is caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. This disease is responsible for high economic losses due to condemnation and ...

    Authors: Judson W Silva, Daniela Droppa-Almeida, Sibele Borsuk, Vasco Azevedo, Ricardo W Portela, Anderson Miyoshi, Flávia S Rocha, Fernanda A Dorella, Wanessa L Vivas, Francine F Padilha, Maria L Hernández-Macedo and Isabel B Lima-Verde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:965

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Aeromonas salmonicida is a major fish pathogen associated with mass mortalities in salmonid fish. In the present study, we applied In Vivo Induced Antigen Technology (IVIAT), a technique that relies on antibodies...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Hatem Soliman, Gokhlesh Kumar and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:298

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The microscopic agglutination test (MAT), the standard method for serological diagnosis of leptospirosis, may present limitations regarding its sensitivity. Current studies suggest that Leptospira immunoglobulin-...

    Authors: Sabrina Thomé, Carolina Lessa-Aquino, Albert Icksang Ko, Walter Lilenbaum and Marco Alberto Medeiros

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:288

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia (B.) pseudomallei is an endemic zoonotic disease mainly reported from northern Australia and Southeast Asia. In Europe, cases of human melioidosis have been reported only from p...

    Authors: Mandy C Elschner, Jan Hnizdo, Ivonne Stamm, Hosny El-Adawy, Katja Mertens and Falk Melzer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:283

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Poultry remains a major source of foodborne bacterial infections. A variety of additives with presumed anti-microbial and/or growth-promoting effects are commonly added to poultry feed during commercial grow-o...

    Authors: Brian B Oakley, R Jeff Buhr, Casey W Ritz, Brian H Kiepper, Mark E Berrang, Bruce S Seal and Nelson A Cox

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:282

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of many food-animals including sheep without causing visible clinical symptoms of disease. However, C. jejuni has been implicated in ovine abor...

    Authors: Yasser M Sanad, Kwonil Jung, Isaac Kashoma, Xiaoli Zhang, Issmat I Kassem, Yehia M Saif and Gireesh Rajashekara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:274

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Infection pathways of S. aureus udder infections in heifers are still not well understood. One hypothesis is that calves become infected with S. aureus via feeding mastitis milk. Especially on small-scale farms, ...

    Authors: Katharina Abb-Schwedler, Ariane Maeschli, Renate Boss, Hans U Graber, Adrian Steiner and Peter Klocke

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:267

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Sporotrichosis is a mycotic infectious disease that is generally acquired by traumatic inoculation of contaminated materials especially from plant debris or through bites and scratches from diseased animals, s...

    Authors: Hildebrando Montenegro, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Maria Adelaide Galvão Dias, Elisabete Aparecida da Silva, Fernanda Bernardi and Zoilo Pires de Camargo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:269

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Since 2009, large-scale Streptococcus agalactiae infections have broken out in cultured tilapia farms in China, resulting in considerable economic losses. Screening of the surface proteins is required to identify...

    Authors: Guangjin Liu, Wei Zhang, Yongjie Liu, Huochun Yao, Chengping Lu and Pao Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:259

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis is a worldwide pathogen, causative agent of pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis, and a variety of other symptoms in cattle. The economic losses due to mycoplasma pneumonia could be reduced by antibiot...

    Authors: Kinga M Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Lilla Fekete, Veronika Hrivnák, Tibor Magyar, Szilárd Jánosi, Nóra Schweitzer, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Károly Erdélyi and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:256

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of factors that might impact microbiota assessment is important to avoid spurious results, particularly in field and multicenter studies where sample collection may occur distant from the laboratory...

    Authors: J Scott Weese and Mohammad Jalali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:230

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae is an avian pathogen that can lead to respiratory tract infections and arthritis in chickens and turkeys, resulting in serious economic losses to the poultry industry. Enolase reportedly plays...

    Authors: Shijun Bao, Xiaoqin Guo, Shengqing Yu, Jiabo Ding, Lei Tan, Fanqin Zhang, Yingjie Sun, Xusheng Qiu, Guanghua Chen and Chan Ding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2014 10:223

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