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Bacteriology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Infectious coryza (IC) is an acute respiratory disease of growing chickens and layers caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum. The development of tools that allow rapid pathogen detection is necessary in order to a...

    Authors: Sandra Morales Ruiz, Jorge Bendezu, Ricardo Choque Guevara, Ricardo Montesinos, David Requena, Luz Choque Moreau, Ángela Montalván Ávalos and Manolo Fernández-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:411

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Even though gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum in goats is mentioned in the classical textbooks, we have not managed to find any case description in the literature.

    Authors: Abdullah Gazioglu, Burcu Karagülle, Hayati Yüksel, M. Nuri Açık, Hakan Keçeci, Muhammet Bahaeddin Dörtbudak and Burhan Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:406

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. The occurrence of Salmonella enterica subspecies diarizonae serovar 61: k: 1, 5, (7) (SASd) and other Salmonella organisms in sheep in the German federal state of Thuringia was examined for the first time. Pooled...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Udo Moog

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:401

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in humans, cows, and pigs. The gut microbiota underlies pathology of several infectious diseases yet the role of the gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of E...

    Authors: Peng Bin, Zhiyi Tang, Shaojuan Liu, Shuai Chen, Yaoyao Xia, Jiaqi Liu, Hucong Wu and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:385

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Periodontal disease (PD) is caused by the development of a microbial biofilm (dental plaque) in the periodontium, affecting approximately 80% of dogs. Several bacterial species present in the canine oral cavit...

    Authors: Eva Cunha, Tiago Trovão, Ana Pinheiro, Telmo Nunes, Raquel Santos, Jorge Moreira da Silva, Berta São Braz, Luís Tavares, Ana Salomé Veiga and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:375

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is a major poultry pathogen which causes severe economic losses in all the productive sectors. The prevalence of MS in European countries has increased in the last few years, leading to g...

    Authors: M. L. Moronato, M. Cecchinato, G. Facchetti, M. Mainenti, F. Gobbo and S. Catania

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:357

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Streptococcus agalactiae is pathogenic for both animals and humans. In dairy cattle it commonly causes mastitis, with great economic losses, and there is scientific evidence of mastitis, caseous lymphadenitis, co...

    Authors: Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Monia Cocchi, Ilda Idrizi, Stefano Colorio, Laura Viel, Claudia Zanardello and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:343

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Carriage of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens by food production animals is one of many contributors to treatment failure in health care settings, and it necessitates an integrated approach to investiga...

    Authors: Kuastros Mekonnen Belaynehe, Seung Won Shin and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:340

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Haemophilus (Glässerella) parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in pigs. Control of this disorder has been traditionally based on bacterins. The search for alternative vaccines has focused mainly...

    Authors: Álvaro Álvarez-Estrada, César B. Gutiérrez-Martín, Elías F. Rodríguez-Ferri and Sonia Martínez-Martínez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:326

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are among the leading bacterial causes of bovine mastitis in many dairy-producing countries. Among the challenges associated with the specific diagnosis of CoNS infectio...

    Authors: Tracy Schmidt, Marleen M. Kock and Marthie M. Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:324

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Prevention of Lyme disease in dogs in North America depends on effective vaccination against infection by the tick vector-born spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Most vaccines effectively prevent spirochete transmi...

    Authors: Deborah A Grosenbaugh, Karelle De Luca, Pierre-Yves Durand, Bradley Feilmeier, Kristopher DeWitt, Cecile Sigoillot-Claude, Marie-Line Sajous, Michael J Day and Frederic David

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:312

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Multi-drug methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) detection is rapidly increasing in microbial specimens from pets across Europe. MRSP has also been isolated from bitches and newborns in dog...

    Authors: Michela Corrò, Joakim Skarin, Stefan Börjesson and Ada Rota

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:308

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ovine footrot is a highly contagious bacterial disease of sheep, costing the Australian sheep industry millions of dollars annually. Dichelobacter nodosus, the causative agent of footrot, is a gram-negative anaer...

    Authors: Nickala Best, Lucas Zanandrez, Jacek Gwozdz, Eckard Klien, Nicky Buller, Robert Suter, Grant Rawlin and Travis Beddoe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:252

    Content type: Methodology article

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  14. Pasteurella multocida type A (PmA) is considered a secondary agent of pneumonia in pigs. The role of PmA as a primary pathogen was investigated by challenging pigs with eight field strains isolated from pneumonia...

    Authors: João Xavier de Oliveira Filho, Marcos Antônio Zanella Morés, Raquel Rebellato, Jalusa Deon Kich, Maurício Egidio Cantão, Catia Silene Klein, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Arlei Coldebella, David Emílio Santos Neves de Barcellos and Nelson Morés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Slaughter pigs are monitored for the presence of the zoonotic pathogen Salmonella, using both serology and bacteriology. ELISAs used to investigate pig herds are based on the detection of antibodies against compo...

    Authors: Fimme J. van der Wal, René P. Achterberg and Catharina B. M. Maassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:226

    Content type: Methodology article

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  16. Dogs presenting with acute leptospirosis may present non-specific clinical and laboratory findings, and the definitive diagnosis may require additional confirmatory tests, including bacterial culture, for the ...

    Authors: Bruno Alonso Miotto, Barbara Furlan Tozzi, Manoela de Souza Penteado, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Andrea Micke Moreno, Walter Lilenbaum and Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:222

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. For control of the disease the detection of sub-clinically infected pigs is of major importance to avoid transmitting of sub...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Florian Nietfeld, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder and Judith Rohde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:211

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) is well known for its probiotic property in human and animals. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) polypeptide can effectively modulate host immune responses and have antimicrobial activity in vi...

    Authors: Han Zhou, Xuechun Li, Zongying Wang, Jiyuan Yin, Hongchao Tan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao, Yanping Jiang, Wen Cui, Min Liu, Yijing Li, Yigang Xu and Lijie Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:206

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The role of corynebacteria in canine and feline otitis has not been investigated in detail; however, members of this genus are increasingly recognized as pathogens of otitis in both human and veterinary medicine.

    Authors: Sonja Kittl, Isabelle Brodard, Lorenz Rychener, Jörg Jores, Petra Roosje and Stefanie Gobeli Brawand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:200

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is highly prevalent in cereals in moderate climates and therefore pigs are often exposed to a DON-contaminated diet. Pigs are highly susceptible to DON and intake of DON-cont...

    Authors: Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Anneleen Matthijs, Filip Boyen, Geert Haesaert, Kris Audenaert, Mia Eeckhout, Siska Croubels, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:190

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Members of the genus Shigella are intestinal pathogens and a major cause of seasonal outbreaks of bacterial diarrhea worldwide. Although humans are the conventional hosts of Shigella species, expansion of the Shi...

    Authors: Zhen Zhu, Yuxiang Shi, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li and Jiyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:177

    Content type: Research article

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  22. As the epidemiology of human Q Fever generally reflects the spread of Coxiella burnetii in ruminant livestock, molecular characterization of strains is essential to prevent human outbreaks. In this study we repor...

    Authors: M. Di Domenico, V. Curini, V. Di Lollo, M. Massimini, L. Di Gialleonardo, A. Franco, A. Caprioli, A. Battisti and C. Cammà

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:171

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Rabbits are cecotrophic, hindgut-fermenters that rely heavily on their gastrointestinal microbiota for optimal digestion of plant-based diets. Dysbiosis, caused by disruption of the gastrointestinal microbiota...

    Authors: Jennifer Kylie, J. Scott Weese and Patricia V. Turner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:143

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are causative agent of extraintestinal infections, collectively known as colibacillosis, which results significant losses in poultry industries. The extraintestinal surviv...

    Authors: Manita Subedi, Himal Luitel, Bhuminanda Devkota, Rebanta Kumar Bhattarai, Sarita Phuyal, Prabhat Panthi, Anil Shrestha and Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:113

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:166

  25. All over the world, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are considered as important zoonotic pathogens. Eight serogroups have the greatest role in the outbreaks and diseases caused by STEC which include...

    Authors: Maziar Jajarmi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Reza Ghanbarpour and Ali Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:97

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Most of surgical site infections (SSI) are caused by commensal and pathogenic agents from the patient’s microbiota, which may include antibiotic resistant strains. Pre-surgical asepsis of the skin is one of th...

    Authors: Luís Belo, Isa Serrano, Eva Cunha, Carla Carneiro, Luis Tavares, L. Miguel Carreira and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:95

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Johne’s disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespread; there is no treatment and there is no cure. Economic losses arise from decr...

    Authors: Andrew Bates, Rory O’Brien, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:93

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Like many members of the Enterobacteriaceae family, Yersinia ruckeri has the ability to invade non professional phagocytic cells. Intracellular location is advantageous for the bacterium because it shields it fro...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Mark L. Lawrence and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:81

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Enhancing caspase-1 activation in macrophages is helpful for the clearance of intracellular bacteria in mice. Our previous studies have shown that EscI, an inner rod protein of type III system in E. coli can enha...

    Authors: Maozhi Hu, Weixin Zhao, Hongying Li, Jie Gu, Qiuxiang Yan, Xiaohui Zhou, Zhiming Pan, Guiyou Cui and Xinan Jiao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:79

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is recognised as an emerging disease in both humans and some animal species. During the past few years, insights into human CDI epidemiology changed and C. difficile is also ...

    Authors: Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Inma Martín-Burriel, Raúl Carlos Mainar-Jaime, Mariano Morales, Ed Kuijper, José L. Blanco, Manuel Chirino-Trejo and Rosa Bolea

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:77

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Staphylococcus aureus, a common cause of bovine mastitis, is known for its ability to acquire to antimicrobial resistance and to secrete numerous virulence factors that can exacerbate inflammation. In addition, a...

    Authors: Limei Zhang, Jian Gao, Herman W. Barkema, Tariq Ali, Gang Liu, Youtian Deng, Sohail Naushad, John P. Kastelic and Bo Han

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:63

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Integrons are mobile DNA elements and they have an important role in acquisition and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes. However, there are limited data available on integrons of Staphylococcus aureu...

    Authors: Longping Li and Xin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:59

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Both diarrhea in calves and mastitis in cows limit cattle production. The bacteria involved in these diseases have shown multi-resistance to antimicrobials, however plant metabolites therefore can provide an a...

    Authors: Izabella Carolina de O. Ribeiro, Emanuelly Gomes A. Mariano, Roberta T. Careli, Franciellen Morais-Costa, Felipe M. de Sant’Anna, Maximiliano S. Pinto, Marcelo R. de Souza and Eduardo R. Duarte

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:32

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic disease caused by Gram-negative Brucella bacteria. Immunisation with attenuated vaccine is an effective method of prevention, but it can interfere with diagnosis. Live, attenu...

    Authors: Wenlong Nan, Lide Qin, Yong Wang, Yueyong Zhang, Pengfei Tan, Yuqi Chen, Kairong Mao and Yiping Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:27

    Content type: Methodology article

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  35. Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) have gained much attention in recent years due to their biomedical applications, especially as antimicrobial agents. AgNP may be used in poultry production as an alternative to the ...

    Authors: Krishna Prasad Vadalasetty, Charlotte Lauridsen, Ricarda Margarete Engberg, Radhika Vadalasetty, Marta Kutwin, André Chwalibog and Ewa Sawosz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:1

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mastitis is a common disease in dairy cattle throughout the world and causes considerable economic losses each year. An important aetiological agent of this disease is bacteria of the genus Streptococcus; hence, ...

    Authors: Edyta Kaczorek, Joanna Małaczewska, Roman Wójcik and Andrzej Krzysztof Siwicki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:398

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The genetic diversity of M. bovis in Tunisia is still underestimated despite the implementation of an eradication program. The lack of data about spatial distribution of the M. bovis population hinders the contro...

    Authors: Saif Eddine Djemal, Mariam Siala, Salma Smaoui, Sana Kammoun, Chema Marouane, Javier Bezos, Feriele Messadi-Akrout, Beatriz Romero and Radhouane Gdoura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:393

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In the European Union, various fluoroquinolones are authorised for the treatment of food producing animals. Each administration poses an increased risk of development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Th...

    Authors: Antje Römer, Gesine Scherz, Saskia Reupke, Jessica Meißner, Jürgen Wallmann, Manfred Kietzmann and Heike Kaspar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:378

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydia abortus and Leptospira spp. are difficult to grow bacteria that play a role in bovine abortion, but their diagnosis is hampered by their obligate intracell...

    Authors: Sara Vidal, Kristel Kegler, Gilbert Greub, Sebastien Aeby, Nicole Borel, Mark P. Dagleish, Horst Posthaus, Vincent Perreten and Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:373

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Staphylococcus aureus is an important zoonotic pathogen which not only causes significant economic loss in livestock production but also poses a potential threat to public health. Comp...

    Authors: Zuoyong Zhou, Mengsi Zhang, Hexian Li, Haoyue Yang, Xiaoxia Li, Xinyue Song and Zhiying Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:352

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Fish are vulnerable to stress from over-crowding during transportation and eugenol is the most common sedative used to minimize fish injury. The ADI value of 2.5 mg/kg is recommended by the Joint FAO/WHO Exper...

    Authors: Dong-Hao Zhao, Chang-Liang Ke, Qi Liu, Xu-Feng Wang, Qiang Wang and Liu-Dong Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:346

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Mycoplasma synoviae causes infectious synovitis and respiratory diseases in chickens and turkeys and may lead to egg shell apex abnormalities in chickens; hence possesses high economic...

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Dénes Grózner, Kinga M. Sulyok, Kristin Nilsson, Veronika Hrivnák, Dušan Benčina and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:342

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The ubiquitous and opportunistic bacterial pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila has been associated with ulcerative dermatitis in fish, especially under stressful conditions. It can cause severe losses in fresh water aq...

    Authors: Richard Mayrhofer, Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Johannes Pucher, Ulfert Focken and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:329

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Dutch government has set targets for reduction of antimicrobial usage in food animals, stipulating a 50% reduction in usage (on a weight basis) in 2013 as compared to 2009 and a 70% decrease in 2015. A mon...

    Authors: Arie H. Havelaar, Haitske Graveland, Jan van de Kassteele, Tizza P. Zomer, Kees Veldman and Martijn Bouwknegt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:305

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is classified into two biovars, nitrate-negative biovar Ovis which is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants and nitrate-pos...

    Authors: Sintia Almeida, Elaine M. S. Dorneles, Carlos Diniz, Vinícius Abreu, Cassiana Sousa, Jorianne Alves, Adriana Carneiro, Priscilla Bagano, Sharon Spier, Debmalya Barh, Andrey P. Lage, Henrique Figueiredo and Vasco Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:290

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) infection causes a systemic disease in pigs. Vaccination could represent a solution to reduce prevalence in farms. In this st...

    Authors: Giovanni Loris Alborali, Jessica Ruggeri, Michele Pesciaroli, Nicola Martinelli, Barbara Chirullo, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Attilio Corradi and Paolo Pasquali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:284

    Content type: Research article

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