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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Methodology article

    Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic disease caused by Gram-negative Brucella bacteria. Immunisation with attenuated vaccine is an effective method of prevention, but it can interfere with diagnosis. Live, attenu...

    Authors: Wenlong Nan, Lide Qin, Yong Wang, Yueyong Zhang, Pengfei Tan, Yuqi Chen, Kairong Mao and Yiping Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:27

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) have gained much attention in recent years due to their biomedical applications, especially as antimicrobial agents. AgNP may be used in poultry production as an alternative to the ...

    Authors: Krishna Prasad Vadalasetty, Charlotte Lauridsen, Ricarda Margarete Engberg, Radhika Vadalasetty, Marta Kutwin, André Chwalibog and Ewa Sawosz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:1

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Mastitis is a common disease in dairy cattle throughout the world and causes considerable economic losses each year. An important aetiological agent of this disease is bacteria of the genus Streptococcus; hence, ...

    Authors: Edyta Kaczorek, Joanna Małaczewska, Roman Wójcik and Andrzej Krzysztof Siwicki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:398

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The genetic diversity of M. bovis in Tunisia is still underestimated despite the implementation of an eradication program. The lack of data about spatial distribution of the M. bovis population hinders the contro...

    Authors: Saif Eddine Djemal, Mariam Siala, Salma Smaoui, Sana Kammoun, Chema Marouane, Javier Bezos, Feriele Messadi-Akrout, Beatriz Romero and Radhouane Gdoura

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:393

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  5. Content type: Research article

    In the European Union, various fluoroquinolones are authorised for the treatment of food producing animals. Each administration poses an increased risk of development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Th...

    Authors: Antje Römer, Gesine Scherz, Saskia Reupke, Jessica Meißner, Jürgen Wallmann, Manfred Kietzmann and Heike Kaspar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:378

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydia abortus and Leptospira spp. are difficult to grow bacteria that play a role in bovine abortion, but their diagnosis is hampered by their obligate intracell...

    Authors: Sara Vidal, Kristel Kegler, Gilbert Greub, Sebastien Aeby, Nicole Borel, Mark P. Dagleish, Horst Posthaus, Vincent Perreten and Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:373

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is an important zoonotic pathogen which not only causes significant economic loss in livestock production but also poses a potential threat to public health. Comp...

    Authors: Zuoyong Zhou, Mengsi Zhang, Hexian Li, Haoyue Yang, Xiaoxia Li, Xinyue Song and Zhiying Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:352

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Fish are vulnerable to stress from over-crowding during transportation and eugenol is the most common sedative used to minimize fish injury. The ADI value of 2.5 mg/kg is recommended by the Joint FAO/WHO Exper...

    Authors: Dong-Hao Zhao, Chang-Liang Ke, Qi Liu, Xu-Feng Wang, Qiang Wang and Liu-Dong Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:346

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae causes infectious synovitis and respiratory diseases in chickens and turkeys and may lead to egg shell apex abnormalities in chickens; hence possesses high economic...

    Authors: Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Dénes Grózner, Kinga M. Sulyok, Kristin Nilsson, Veronika Hrivnák, Dušan Benčina and Miklós Gyuranecz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:342

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The ubiquitous and opportunistic bacterial pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila has been associated with ulcerative dermatitis in fish, especially under stressful conditions. It can cause severe losses in fresh water aq...

    Authors: Richard Mayrhofer, Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Johannes Pucher, Ulfert Focken and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:329

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The Dutch government has set targets for reduction of antimicrobial usage in food animals, stipulating a 50% reduction in usage (on a weight basis) in 2013 as compared to 2009 and a 70% decrease in 2015. A mon...

    Authors: Arie H. Havelaar, Haitske Graveland, Jan van de Kassteele, Tizza P. Zomer, Kees Veldman and Martijn Bouwknegt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:305

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is classified into two biovars, nitrate-negative biovar Ovis which is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis in small ruminants and nitrate-pos...

    Authors: Sintia Almeida, Elaine M. S. Dorneles, Carlos Diniz, Vinícius Abreu, Cassiana Sousa, Jorianne Alves, Adriana Carneiro, Priscilla Bagano, Sharon Spier, Debmalya Barh, Andrey P. Lage, Henrique Figueiredo and Vasco Azevedo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:290

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) infection causes a systemic disease in pigs. Vaccination could represent a solution to reduce prevalence in farms. In this st...

    Authors: Giovanni Loris Alborali, Jessica Ruggeri, Michele Pesciaroli, Nicola Martinelli, Barbara Chirullo, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Attilio Corradi and Paolo Pasquali

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:284

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary agent of enzootic pneumonia in pigs. Pigs are often infected with different M. hyopneumoniae strains. This study assessed the...

    Authors: Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Filip Boyen, Roman Krejci, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:274

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  15. Content type: Case Report

    Trueperella pyogenes is a worldwide known bacterium causing mastitis, abortion and various other pyogenic infections in domestic animals like ruminants and pigs. In this study we repre...

    Authors: Samy Nagib, Stefanie P. Glaeser, Tobias Eisenberg, Osama Sammra, Christoph Lämmler, Peter Kämpfer, Nicole Schauerte, Christina Geiger, Ute Kaim, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, André Becker and Amir Abdulmawjood

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:273

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which belongs to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Mycobacterium bovis have been described to be responsible of most cases of bovine tuberculosis....

    Authors: Hind Yahyaoui-Azami, Hamid Aboukhassib, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Jaouad Berrada, Soukaina Rami, Miriam Reinhard, Sebastien Gagneux, Julia Feldmann, Sonia Borrell and Jakob Zinsstag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:272

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Outbreaks of a Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) like disease causing large mortalities in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Asia and in Africa have been reported since 1890. Yet the aetiology of this condition remains...

    Authors: Ilona V. Gluecks, Astrid Bethe, Mario Younan and Christa Ewers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:265

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The development of a mouse model as an in vivo pathogenicity screening tool for Brachyspira spp. has advanced the study of these economically important pathogens in recent years. However, none of the murine model...

    Authors: Courtney E. Ek, Roman Nosach, Champika Fernando, Yanyun Huang, Jason Byron D.S. Perez, Matheus O. Costa, Samantha Ekanayake, Janet E. Hill and John C.S. Harding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:261

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Environmental sampling based on boot swabs and/or liquid manure samples is an upcoming strategy for the identification of paratuberculosis (paraTB) positive herds, but only limited data are available regarding...

    Authors: Nathalie Hahn, Klaus Failing, Tobias Eisenberg, Karen Schlez, Peter-Michael Zschöck, Karsten Donat, Esra Einax and Heike Köhler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:259

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Selenium (Se) is an essential trace mineral in broilers, which has several important roles in biological processes. Organic forms of Se are more efficient than inorganic forms and can be produced biologically ...

    Authors: A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, A. Q. Sazili, M. F. Jahromi and A. A. Samsudin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:254

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes economically significant infections of a broad range of animal species. Pneumonic and septicaemic pasteurellosis caused b...

    Authors: Teerasak E-kobon, Ratiporn Leeanan, Saengtian Pannoi, Pornchai Anuntasomboon, Pacharee Thongkamkoon and Arinthip Thamchaipenet

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:243

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The main cause of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is believed to be Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). Nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) are neglected but opportunistic pathogens and obstacles for bTB diagnosis. This stu...

    Authors: Anwar Nuru, Aboma Zewude, Temesgen Mohammed, Biniam Wondale, Laikemariam Teshome, Muluwork Getahun, Gezahegne Mamo, Girmay Medhin, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:237

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  23. Content type: Case Report

    Feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to companion animals raises public health concerns for both animals and humans. While considerable attention has been paid to bacterial contamination of commercial pet food,...

    Authors: Federica Giacometti, Jacopo Magarotto, Andrea Serraino and Silvia Piva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:224

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida, Mannheimia haemolytica, Histophilus somni and Trueperella pyogenes are four bacterial agents commonly associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). In this s...

    Authors: Henk J. Wisselink, Jan B.W.J. Cornelissen, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Freddy M. de Bree and Adriaan F.G. Antonis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:221

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus (B.) anthracis, the causal agent of anthrax, is effectively controlled by the Sterne live spore vaccine (34F2) in animals. However, live spore vaccines are not suitable for si...

    Authors: Susanne M. Koehler, Fatih Buyuk, Ozgur Celebi, Hayati Demiraslan, Mehmet Doganay, Mitat Sahin, Jens Moehring, Okechukwu C. Ndumnego, Salih Otlu, Henriette van Heerden and Wolfgang Beyer

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:220

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter is the main cause of gastroenteritis in humans in industrialized countries, and poultry is its principal reservoir and source of human infections. Dietary supplementation...

    Authors: Medelin Ocejo, Beatriz Oporto, Ramón A. Juste and Ana Hurtado

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:199

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  27. Content type: Methodology article

    Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection ...

    Authors: O. Vega-Orellana, J. B. Poveda, R. S. Rosales, J. M. Bradbury, C. G. Poveda, L. E. Mederos-Iriarte, M. M. Tavío and A. S. Ramírez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:195

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida B:2 causes bovine haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS), leading to rapid fatalities in cattle and buffaloes. An attenuated derivative of P. multocida B:2 GDH7, was previ...

    Authors: Nuriqmaliza M. Kamal, M. Zamri-Saad, Mas Jaffri Masarudin and Sarah Othman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:186

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea in piglets is one of the main causes of animal death after weaning; zinc oxide (ZnO) has been used in high doses for the control of this sickness. The aim of this study was to determine the physicoche...

    Authors: Marina S.R. Barreto, Cristina T. Andrade, Luiz Cláudio R. P. da Silva, Lúcio M. Cabral, Vânia M. Flosi Paschoalin and Eduardo M. Del Aguila

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:181

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira spp. This zoonotic disease is distributed globally and affects domestic animals, including cattle. Leptospira interrogans serogroup Sejroe...

    Authors: Maria Raquel V. Cosate, Tetsu Sakamoto, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Élvio C. Moreira, Carlos G. Regis da Silva, Bruno S. A. F. Brasil, Camila S. F. Oliveira, Vasco Ariston de Azevedo, José Miguel Ortega, Rômulo C. Leite and João Paulo Haddad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:177

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, highly frequent swine respiratory diseases have been caused by extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) in China. Due to this increase in ExPECs, this bacterial pathogen has become a t...

    Authors: Ling-Cong Kong, Xia Guo, Zi Wang, Yun-Hang Gao, Bo-Yan Jia, Shu-Ming Liu and Hong-Xia Ma

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:169

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (TB) control programs generally rely on the tuberculin skin test (TST) for ante-mortem detection of Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle.

    Authors: W. Ray Waters, H. Martin Vordermeier, Shelley Rhodes, Bhagwati Khatri, Mitchell V. Palmer, Mayara F. Maggioli, Tyler C. Thacker, Jeffrey T. Nelson, Bruce V. Thomsen, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M. Bravo Garcia, Mark A. Schoenbaum, Mark S. Camacho, Jean S. Ray, Javan Esfandiari, Paul Lambotte…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:164

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the occurrence of important diseases of ruminants in Afghanistan because of the conflict affecting the country over the last 40 years. To address this discrepancy, ruminant herds in Afgha...

    Authors: W. Bahir, O. Omar, R.S. Rosales, M. Hlusek, G. Ziay, W. Schauwers, A.M. Whatmore and R.A.J. Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:149

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhea in foals affects up to 60% of foals during the first six months of life. The effect of diarrhea on the fecal bacterial microbiota in foals has not been investigated. Little is known on the fecal bacte...

    Authors: A. Schoster, H.R. Staempfli, L.G. Guardabassi, M. Jalali and J.S. Weese

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:144

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is a re-emerging bacterial zoonosis caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Severe disease has been reported in dogs in Europe despite vaccination with bivalent Leptospira vaccines. Recently,...

    Authors: Andrea M. Spiri, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, José M. Matos, Tony M. Glaus, Barbara Riond, Claudia E. Reusch, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Barbara Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:138

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of...

    Authors: Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash and Tadesse Eguale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:134

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluat...

    Authors: Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:132

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in thei...

    Authors: Linda D. Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M. Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J. Delahay, Roland Ashford, W. Ian Montgomery and Irene R. Grant

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:131

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  39. Content type: Methodology article

    Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in swine. H. parasuis comprises strains with heterogeneous virulence capacity, from non-virulent to highly virulent. ...

    Authors: N. Galofré-Milà, F. Correa-Fiz, S. Lacouture, M. Gottschalk, K. Strutzberg-Minder, A. Bensaid, S. Pina-Pedrero and V. Aragon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:124

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is caused by growth of single or multiple species of pathogenic bacteria in lung tissue following stress and/or viral infection. Next generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA...

    Authors: Dayle Johnston, Bernadette Earley, Paul Cormican, Gerard Murray, David Anthony Kenny, Sinead Mary Waters, Mark McGee, Alan Kieran Kelly and Matthew Sean McCabe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:118

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (M. synoviae) is widely distributed around the world, and leads to serious economic losses in the world every year. Nevertheless, the incidence and epidemiology of

    Authors: Shi-Kai Sun, Xin Lin, Feng Chen, Ding-Ai Wang, Jun-Peng Lu, Jian-Ping Qin and Ting-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:115

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with...

    Authors: Jan B. W. J. Cornelissen, Freddy M. de Bree, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. J. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Adriaan F. Antonis and Henk J. Wisselink

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:97

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Swine extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important pathogen that leads to economic and welfare costs in the swine industry worldwide, and is occurring with increasing frequency in China. By...

    Authors: Yinchu Zhu, Wenyang Dong, Jiale Ma, Lvfeng Yuan, Hassan M.A. Hejair, Zihao Pan, Guangjin Liu and Huochun Yao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:94

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  44. Content type: Methodology article

    Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of “equine strangles” which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specime...

    Authors: Ashley G. Boyle, Darko Stefanovski and Shelley C. Rankin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:75

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in ...

    Authors: Jørgen S. Agerholm, Tim K. Jensen, Jens F. Agger, Marc Y. Engelsma and Hendrik I. J. Roest

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:69

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is an ocular infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae which affects small domestic and wild mountain ruminants. Domestic sheep maintain the pathogen but the detec...

    Authors: Giuseppina Gelormini, Dominique Gauthier, Edy M. Vilei, Jean-Paul Crampe, Joachim Frey and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:67

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL–producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medici...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Lee and Kuang-Sheng Yeh

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:66

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