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Bacteriology and mycology

The 'Bacteriology and mycology' section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections and fungal pathogens of veterinary importance. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

  1. Disease prevention and control is a significant part in the ex-situ conservation of the endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens), being bacterial infection is one of the most important health threats to the captive...

    Authors: Songrui Liu, Yunli Li, Chanjuan Yue, Dongsheng Zhang, Xiaoyan Su, Xia Yan, Kuixing Yang, Xin Chen, Guifu Zhuo, Tong Cai, Jiangfeng Liu, Xi Peng and Rong Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:404

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) is an antimicrobial activity center of lactoferrin, produced by hydrolysis from the N-terminal of lactoferrin. It was hypothesized that the intramolecular disulfide bond in Lfcin could af...

    Authors: Jie Pei, Lin Xiong, Min Chu, Xian Guo and Ping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:401

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) of the genus Mycoplasma are recognized as important bacteria that parasitize red blood cells, causing hemolytic anemia in many mammalian species, including cats. No inform...

    Authors: Mirela Imre, Cristina Văduva, Gheorghe Dărăbuș, Sorin Morariu, Viorel Herman, Judit Plutzer, Tijana Suici, Philippa J P Lait and Kálmán Imre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:399

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Salmonella is a very important foodborne pathogen causing illness in humans. The emergence of drug-resistant strains also constitutes a serious worry to global health and livestock productivity. This study invest...

    Authors: Zunita Zakaria, Latiffah Hassan, Zawiyah Sharif, Norazah Ahmad, Rohaya Mohd Ali, Suraya Amir Husin, Nor Hazrin binti Abd Hazis, Nor Fitriah Mohamed Sohaimi, Shafini Abu Bakar and Bashiru Garba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:393

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Early-life antibiotic administration is known to affect gut microbiota and host adiposity, but the effects of antibiotic exposure on skeletal muscle properties remain unknown. The present study evaluated the c...

    Authors: Honglin Yan, Bing Yu, Jeroen Degroote, Thomas Spranghers, Noémie Van Noten, Maryam Majdeddin, Mario Van Poucke, Luc Peelman, Jo De Vrieze, Nico Boon, Ingrid Gielen, Stefaan De Smet, Daiwen Chen and Joris Michiels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:392

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Ureaplasma diversum has numerous virulence factors that contribute to pathogenesis in cattle, including Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs). Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate in sili...

    Authors: Manoel Neres Santos Junior, Ronaldo Silva Santos, Wanderson Souza Neves, Janaina Marinho Fernandes, Bruna Carolina de Brito Guimarães, Maysa Santos Barbosa, Lucas Santana Coelho Silva, Camila Pacheco Gomes, Izadora Souza Rezende, Caline Novaes Teixeira Oliveira, Nayara Silva de Macêdo Neres, Guilherme Barreto Campos, Bruno Lopes Bastos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas Miranda Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:379

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Few cases of scedosporiosis have been reported in animals, but the true prevalence is probably underestimated due to a lack of awareness. Scedosporiosis in dogs has often been associated with localized infecti...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Teodoro, Daniela Averaimo, Miria Primavera, Doriana Santoleri, Giorgia Giovannini, Antonio Cocco, Gabriella Di Francesco, Daniela Malatesta, Sabrina Defourny, Nicola D’Alterio, Valentina Curini, Marco Di Domenico and Antonio Petrini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:372

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Epsilon toxin (ETX) causes a commonly fatal enterotoxemia in domestic animals. Also, ETX causes serious economic losses to animal husbandry. In this study, we selected several clones against ETX using repertoi...

    Authors: Maryam Alibeiki, Mehdi Golchin and Mohammad Tabatabaei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:361

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study aims to determine the effects of transportation on the nasal microbiota of healthy donkeys using 16S rRNA sequencing.

    Authors: Fuwei Zhao, Guimiao Jiang, Chuanliang Ji, Zhiping Zhang, Weiping Gao, Peixiang Feng, Haijing Li, Min Li, Haibing Liu, Guiqin Liu, Humberto B. Magalhaes and Jianji Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:338

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mastitis is the most common health concern plaguing the modern dairy cow and costs dairy producers estimates of two billion dollars annually. Staphylococcus aureus infections are prevalent, displaying varied dise...

    Authors: Ellie J. Putz, Mitchell V. Palmer, Hao Ma, Eduardo Casas, Timothy A. Reinhardt and John D. Lippolis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:336

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is an infectious foot disease found commonly in dairy herds. Foot-trimming is an important husbandry procedure for reducing the ensuing lameness; however, epidemiological, and m...

    Authors: A. V. Gillespie, S. D. Carter, R. W. Blowey, G. J. Staton and N. J. Evans

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:330

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Antibiotics are commonly added to livestock feeds in sub-therapeutic doses as growth promoters and for prophylaxis against pathogenic microbes, especially those implicated in diarrhoea. While this practice has...

    Authors: Ibukun M. Famuyide, Folorunso O. Fasina, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:326

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae, M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae are significant pathogens for the porcine industry worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of six k...

    Authors: Rubén S. Rosales, Ana S. Ramírez, María M. Tavío, Carlos Poveda and José B. Poveda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:324

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Coxiella burnetii causes Q fever, a zoonotic bacterial disease with a multi-host cycle and reservoirs in wild and domestic animal species. Q fever has a significant impact on the Australian public health and econ...

    Authors: Charles Caraguel, Sarah Bassett, David González-Barrio, Peter Elsworth and Anne-Lise Chaber

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:315

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Apramycin is used exclusively for the treatment of Escherichia coli (E.coli) infections in swine around the world since the early 1980s. Recently, many research papers have demonstrated that apramycin has signifi...

    Authors: Yuqi Yang, Tianshi Xiao, Jiarui Li, Ping Cheng, Fulei Li, Hongxiao Yu, Ruimeng Liu, Ishfaq Muhammad and Xiuying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:309

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Poultry houses are often highly contaminated with dust, which might contain considerable amounts of microorganisms and endotoxins. The concentrations of microorganisms and endotoxins in dust from laying hen ho...

    Authors: Marwa F. E. Ahmed, Hazem Ramadan, Diana Seinige, Corinna Kehrenberg, Amr Abd El-Wahab, Nina Volkmann, Nicole Kemper and Jochen Schulz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:301

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Salmonella is an important zoonotic pathogen, and chickens are one of its main hosts. Every year, Salmonella infections pose a serious threat to the poultry industry in developing countries, especially China. In ...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Honglin Wang, Tingting Li, Feifei Liu, Yiluo Cheng, Xiaodong Guo, Guoyuan Wen, Qingping Luo, Huabin Shao, Zishu Pan and Tengfei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:299

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is known to cause Eggshell Apex Abnormality (EAA) syndrome characterized by an altered shell surface with increased translucency on the apex. However, no large-scale studies have been con...

    Authors: M. Cisneros-Tamayo, I. Kempf, J. Coton, V. Michel, S. Bougeard, C. de Boisséson, P. Lucas, M.-H. Bäyon-Auboyer, G. Chiron, C. Mindus and A. V. Gautier-Bouchardon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:271

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although salmonellosis is considered one of the most important food-borne zoonotic diseases in Europe, close contact between dogs and their owners can also be a potential source of Salmonella spp. for humans. Thi...

    Authors: E. Bataller, E. García-Romero, L. Llobat, V. Lizana and E. Jiménez-Trigos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:268

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Antibiotics have long been the first line of defense to prevent Escherichia coli infections, but they have lost their potency since bacteria have grown increasingly resistant to treatment. The present research ai...

    Authors: Mohammad Jahantigh, Keyvan Samadi, Reza Esmaeelzadeh Dizaji and Saeed Salari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:267

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Little is known on significance, diversity and characteristics of gut E. coli in goats despite their importance as food animals globally. We characterized the temporal dynamics in diversity of E. coli in fecal sa...

    Authors: Eunice Ndegwa, Aber Alahmde, Chyer Kim, Paul Kaseloo and Dahlia O’Brien

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax, a disease of both humans and various animal species, and can be used as a bioterror agent. Effective vaccines are available, but those could benefit from impr...

    Authors: Yeonsu Oh, Jung Ae Kim, Chang-Hwan Kim, Soo-Keun Choi and Jae-Gu Pan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:259

    Content type: Research article

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  23. It has been demonstrated that swine waste is an important reservoir for resistant genes. Moreover, the bacteria carrying resistant genes and originating from swine feces and wastewater could spread to the exte...

    Authors: Ping Cheng, Yuqi Yang, Fulei Li, Xiaoting Li, Haibin Liu, Saqib Ali Fazilani, Wenxin Guo, Guofeng Xu and Xiuying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:258

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Staphylococcus argenteus is a new specie positive coagulase staphylococci. We investigate the presence of S. argenteus in isolates previously classified as S. aureus, obtained from the milk of cows with mastitis ...

    Authors: Bruna F. Rossi, Érika C. R. Bonsaglia, Ivana G. Castilho, Stéfani T. A. Dantas, Hélio Langoni, José C. F. Pantoja, Ary Fernandes Júnior, Juliano L. Gonçalves, Marcos V. Santos, Rinaldo A. Mota and Vera L. M. Rall

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:252

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen for the cattle industry worldwide causing significant economic losses. Several transmission routes, including those related to reproduction, have been described. Indeed, ...

    Authors: A. García-Galán, C. De la Fe, J. Gomis, E. Bataller, A. Sánchez, J. J. Quereda, E. García-Roselló and A. Gómez-Martín

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:251

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Fungal infection of animals or humans are common all over the world. Some of microorganisms like fungi, exist on the skin and can be transmitted onto other individuals, other animal species or even humans and ...

    Authors: Bożena Dworecka-Kaszak, Małgorzata J. Biegańska and Iwona Dąbrowska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:248

    Content type: Research article

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  27. A microbiological diagnosis is essential to better target antimicrobial treatment, control and prevention of respiratory tract infections in cattle. Under field conditions, non-endoscopic broncho-alveolar lava...

    Authors: Laura Van Driessche, Charlotte De Neve, Freddy Haesebrouck, Katharina van Leenen, Filip Boyen and Bart Pardon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Streptococcosis and Motile Aeromonad Septicemia (MAS) are important diseases of tilapia, Oreochromis spp. and causes huge economic losses in aquaculture globally. The feed-based vaccination may be an alternative ...

    Authors: Md Shirajum Monir, Sabri bin Mohd Yusoff, Zarirah binti Mohamed Zulperi, Hasliza binti Abu Hassim, Aslah Mohamad, Muhamad Sofie bin Mohd Hafiz Ngoo and Md Yasin Ina-Salwany

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:226

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pasteurella multocida is the etiological agent responsible for several diseases in a wide range of hosts around the world and thus, causes serious economic losses. Acute septicemia associated with capsular type B...

    Authors: Inmaculada Cuevas, Alfonso Carbonero, David Cano, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Manuel Ángel Amaro and Carmen Borge

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:222

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mastitis is one of the most costly diseases in Mediterranean buffalo (MB). At present, just a few specific antibiotics registered for this dairy specie have been synthetized. Efficacy of an antibiotic dry buff...

    Authors: Jacopo Guccione, Luigi D’Andrea, Antonella Pesce, Fausto Toni, Giuliano Borriello, Caterina Salzano, Francesco Diuccio, Massimo Pascale and Paolo Ciaramella

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:191

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) can cause various extraintestinal infections in poultry, resulting in massive economic losses in poultry industry. In addition, some avian E. coli strains may have zoonoti...

    Authors: Aneta Papouskova, Martina Masarikova, Adam Valcek, David Senk, Darina Cejkova, Eva Jahodarova and Alois Cizek

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:189

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pasteurella multocida B:2 causes haemorrhagic septicaemia in cattle and buffaloes. However, buffaloes are found to be more susceptible to the infection than cattle. Upon infection, the pathogen rapidly spread fro...

    Authors: Yulianna Puspitasari, Annas Salleh and Mohd Zamri-Saad

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:186

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Mycoplasma anserisalpingitidis causes significant economic losses in the domestic goose (Anser anser) industry in Europe. As 95% of the global goose production is in China where the primary species is the swan go...

    Authors: Miklós Gyuranecz, Alexa Mitter, Áron B. Kovács, Dénes Grózner, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Krisztina Bali, Krisztián Bányai and Christopher J. Morrow

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:178

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Mycoplasmal pneumonia is an important infectious disease that threatens sheep and goat production worldwide, and Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae is one of major etiological agent causing mycoplasmal pneumonia. Recombina...

    Authors: Jinfeng Wang, Ruiwen Li, Xiaoxia Sun, Libing Liu, Xuepiao Hao, Jianchang Wang and Wanzhe Yuan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:172

    Content type: Methodology article

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  35. Swine dysentery (SD) is a diarrheal disease in fattening pigs that is caused by the strongly hemolytic species Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae, B. hampsonii and B. suanatina. As weakly hemolytic Brachyspira spp. ...

    Authors: Jessica Joerling, Hermann Willems, Christa Ewers and Werner Herbst

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:169

    Content type: Research article

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