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Bacteriology and mycology

The 'Bacteriology and mycology' section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections and fungal pathogens of veterinary importance. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes granuloma formation mainly in retropharyngeal, tracheobronchial, mediastinal lymph nodes and lungs of bovines. The presence of these lesions in...

    Authors: Jacobo Carrisoza-Urbina, Mario A. Bedolla-Alva, Mireya Juárez-Ramírez and José A. Gutiérrez-Pabello

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:187

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen of cattle worldwide. Many different clinical manifestations of infection can occur, including respiratory disease, arthritis, and mastitis, causing heavy losses to beef a...

    Authors: Aric J. McDaniel and Rachel J. Derscheid

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:170

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) is a contagious pathogen of bovine mastitis. It has financial implications for the dairy cattle industry in certain areas of the world. Since antimicrobial resistance incr...

    Authors: Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, Ahmed M. Ammar, El-sayed Y. M. El-Naenaeey, Hend M. El Damaty, Asmaa A. Elazazy, Ahmed A. Hefny, Asmaa Shaker and Ibrahim E. Eldesoukey

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Salmonella spp. represent a significant zoonotic concern to pregnant owners as infection can cause septic abortions and post-partum illness. Enteric salmonellosis is well documented in canines however urinary sal...

    Authors: John N. Hertzer, Madeline Fujishiro, Sara D. Lawhon and Kate E. Creevy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:135

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Immunization of pigs with an inactivated Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine (bacterin) generates hyperimmune serum that contains high concentrations of anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG. Commercially available IgG-ELISA ki...

    Authors: Yaqin Tian, Zuobo Xu, Yukang Wen, Mei Yang, Yaru Ning, Zhaodi Wang and Honglei Ding

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:123

    Content type: Methodology article

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  6. Selection pressure exerted by use of antibiotics in both human and veterinary medicine is responsible for increasing antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The objectives of this study were to better understand antim...

    Authors: Gaëlle Gruel, Arantxa Sellin, Hélène Riveiro, Matthieu Pot, Sébastien Breurec, Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Antoine Talarmin and Séverine Ferdinand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:116

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Klebsiella pneumonia, a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the genus Enterobacter, causes many human and livestock diseases. Notably, infected goats may develop pneumonia, septicemia, which can lead to occasion...

    Authors: Ruichang Chen, Hongqi Shang, Xiangyun Niu, Jin Huang, Yongqiang Miao, Zhou Sha, Liting Qin, He Huang, Duo Peng and Ruiliang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:107

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Livestock play an important role as reservoir of enteric pathogens and antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a health and economic concern worldwide. However, little is known regarding the transmission and maintenan...

    Authors: Johan Espunyes, Oscar Cabezón, Andrea Dias-Alves, Pol Miralles, Teresa Ayats and Marta Cerdà-Cuéllar

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:79

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Respiratory diseases are the second most common cause of illnesses in horses, their etiology can be viral, bacterial, immune-mediated, or mechanical (Racklyeft and Love DN, Aust Vet J 78:549–59, 2000; Austin e...

    Authors: Elisabetta Mondo, Riccardo Rinnovati, Alessandro Spadari, Federica Giacometti, Andrea Serraino, Federica Savini and Silvia Piva

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:75

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. The present study aims the characterization of antibiotic resistance phenotypes and encoding genes in bacterial strains isolated from some Romanian aquatic fishery lowland salted lakes.

    Authors: Veronica Lazăr, Irina Gheorghe, Carmen Curutiu, Ioana Savin, Florica Marinescu, Violeta Corina Cristea, Dumitru Dobre, Gabriela Loredana Popa, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc and Mircea Ioan Popa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:52

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Borrelia burgdorferi is the spirochete that causes Lyme Borreliosis (LB), which is a zoonotic tick-borne disease of humans and domestic animals. Hard ticks are obligate haematophagous ectoparasites that serve as ...

    Authors: R. Elhelw, M. Elhariri, D. Hamza, M. Abuowarda, E. Ismael and H. Farag

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:49

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Brucellosis is a serious zoonosis disease that frequently causes significant economic loss in animal husbandry and threatens human health. Therefore, we established a rapid, accurate, simple and sensitive fluo...

    Authors: Yufang Kong, Huiyu Wang, Shaoqiang Wu, Jizhou Lv, Lin Mei, Huifang Zhou, Xiangmei Lin and Xueqing Han

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:48

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (SP) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA) are common colonizers of companion animals, but they are also considered opportunistic pathogens, causing diseases of diverse severity. This stu...

    Authors: Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Carmen Simón, Sara Ceballos, Carmelo Ortega, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen Torres and Elena Gómez-Sanz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:42

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Klebsiella pneumoniae, an environmental pathogen causing mastitis in dairy cattle, is often resistant to antibiotics. K. pneumoniae was used as the host bacteria to support bacteriophage replication; 2 bacterioph...

    Authors: Yuxiang Shi, Wenpeng Zhao, Gang Liu, Tariq Ali, Peng Chen, Yongxia Liu, John P. Kastelic, Bo Han and Jian Gao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The development of antimicrobial resistance is of global concern, and is commonly monitored by the analysis of certain bacteria. The aim of the present study was to study the antibiotic susceptibility in isola...

    Authors: K. Ikwap, E. Gertzell, I. Hansson, L. Dahlin, K. Selling, U. Magnusson, M. Dione and M. Jacobson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:31

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The bactericidal activity of an antimicrobial drug is generally assessed by in vitro bacterial time-kill experiments which do not include any components of the immune system, even though the innate immunity, t...

    Authors: Elodie Anne Lallemand, Claudine Zemirline, Pierre-Louis Toutain, Alain Bousquet-Melou, Aude A. Ferran and Séverine Boullier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:23

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Mycoplasma bovis causes mastitis, otitis, pneumonia and arthritis in cattle and is a major contributor to bovine respiratory disease complex. Around the year 2000, it emerged as a significant threat to the health...

    Authors: Karen B. Register, Margaret Parker, Kelly A. Patyk, Steven J. Sweeney, William D. Boatwright, Lee C. Jones, Murray Woodbury, David L. Hunter, John Treanor, Marshall Kohr, Robert G. Hamilton, Todd K. Shury and Pauline Nol

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:18

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes a chronic infectious in the birds known as avian mycobacteriosis. Almost all species of the birds are susceptible to MAC which consists of two closely related species of m...

    Authors: Abdul Sattar, Zunita Zakaria, Jalila Abu, Saleha A. Aziz and Gabriel Rojas-Ponce

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:13

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Chickens are major sources of human nutrition worldwide, but the chicken intestinal microbiota can be a source of bacterial infection. The microbiota has potential to regulate the colonization of pathogens by ...

    Authors: Nachiko Takeshita, Takayasu Watanabe, Kasumi Ishida-Kuroki and Tsutomu Sekizaki

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Inflammatory diseases of reproductive tract in bitches are a common problem in veterinary practice. The inflammation can lead to serious health problems. Research to determine the correlation between the healt...

    Authors: Edyta Golińska, Natalia Sowińska, Anna Tomusiak-Plebanek, Marlena Szydło, Natalia Witka, Joanna Lenarczyk and Magdalena Strus

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Periodontal disease is the most common oral disease of dogs worldwide and results from a complex interplay between plaque bacteria, the host and environmental factors. Recent studies have enhanced our understa...

    Authors: C. Wallis, L. Milella, A. Colyer, C. O’Flynn, S. Harris and L. J. Holcombe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2021 17:7

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, molecular epidemiology and prevalence factors for Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) shedding by race horses. A cross-sectional study was p...

    Authors: Anat Shnaiderman-Torban, Shiri Navon-Venezia, Yossi Paitan, Holly Archer, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Darryl Bonder, Erez Hanael, Israel Nissan, Gal Zizelski Valenci, Scott J. Weese and Amir Steinman

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:479

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Periodontal disease (PD) in dogs is prompted by the establishment of a polymicrobial biofilm at the tooth surface and a subsequent host inflammatory response. Several strategies may be used for PD control, inc...

    Authors: Eva Cunha, Sandra Rebelo, Carla Carneiro, Luís Tavares, Luís Miguel Carreira and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:469

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Surgical sterilization is the most effective method of contraception for dogs. It also prevents pyometra and reduces the risk of mammary tumour development. However, this procedure also has negative effects, s...

    Authors: Ada Rota, Michela Corrò, Ilaria Patuzzi, Chiara Milani, Stefania Masia, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Sara Petrin, Alessandra Longo, Angela Del Carro and Carmen Losasso

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:455

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Due to the tendency to reduce antibiotic use in humans and animals, more attention is paid to feed additives as their replacement. Crucial role of feed additives is to improve the health status, production eff...

    Authors: Marta Satora, Marcin Magdziarz, Anna Rząsa, Krzysztof Rypuła and Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:442

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We report the first case of canine Salmonella meningoencephalomyelitis and second case of canine Salmonella bacteriuria, as well as the first reported case of Salmonella enterica subspecies houtenae in a dog.

    Authors: Melissa N. Andruzzi, Mary L. Krath, Sara D. Lawhon and Beth Boudreau

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:437

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. Animal tuberculosis (TB) is distributed worldwide and has a wide range of wild and domestic reservoirs. Few studies concerning TB in camelids have been published in the last decade, particularly as regards Old...

    Authors: J. A. Infantes-Lorenzo, B. Romero, A. Rodríguez-Bertos, A. Roy, J. Ortega, L. de Juan, I. Moreno, M. Domínguez, L. Domínguez and J. Bezos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:435

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. The application of next-generation molecular, biochemical and immunological methods for developing new vaccines, antimicrobial compounds, probiotics and prebiotics for zoonotic infection control has been funda...

    Authors: José E. Belizário and Marcelo P. Sircili

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:420

    Content type: Debate

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  29. Rattus norvegicus and Suncus murinus are important reservoirs of zoonotic bacterial diseases. An understanding of the composition of gut and oropharynx bacteria in these animals is important for monitoring and pr...

    Authors: Wen-qiao He, Yi-quan Xiong, Jing Ge, Yan-xia Chen, Xue-jiao Chen, Xue-shan Zhong, Ze-jin Ou, Yu-han Gao, Ming-ji Cheng, Yun Mo, Yu-qi Wen, Min Qiu, Shu-ting Huo, Shao-wei Chen, Xue-yan Zheng, Huan He…

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:413

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Disease prevention and control is a significant part in the ex-situ conservation of the endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens), being bacterial infection is one of the most important health threats to the captive...

    Authors: Songrui Liu, Yunli Li, Chanjuan Yue, Dongsheng Zhang, Xiaoyan Su, Xia Yan, Kuixing Yang, Xin Chen, Guifu Zhuo, Tong Cai, Jiangfeng Liu, Xi Peng and Rong Hou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:404

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) is an antimicrobial activity center of lactoferrin, produced by hydrolysis from the N-terminal of lactoferrin. It was hypothesized that the intramolecular disulfide bond in Lfcin could af...

    Authors: Jie Pei, Lin Xiong, Min Chu, Xian Guo and Ping Yan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:401

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) of the genus Mycoplasma are recognized as important bacteria that parasitize red blood cells, causing hemolytic anemia in many mammalian species, including cats. No inform...

    Authors: Mirela Imre, Cristina Văduva, Gheorghe Dărăbuș, Sorin Morariu, Viorel Herman, Judit Plutzer, Tijana Suici, Philippa J P Lait and Kálmán Imre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:399

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Salmonella is a very important foodborne pathogen causing illness in humans. The emergence of drug-resistant strains also constitutes a serious worry to global health and livestock productivity. This study invest...

    Authors: Zunita Zakaria, Latiffah Hassan, Zawiyah Sharif, Norazah Ahmad, Rohaya Mohd Ali, Suraya Amir Husin, Nor Hazrin binti Abd Hazis, Nor Fitriah Mohamed Sohaimi, Shafini Abu Bakar and Bashiru Garba

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:393

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Early-life antibiotic administration is known to affect gut microbiota and host adiposity, but the effects of antibiotic exposure on skeletal muscle properties remain unknown. The present study evaluated the c...

    Authors: Honglin Yan, Bing Yu, Jeroen Degroote, Thomas Spranghers, Noémie Van Noten, Maryam Majdeddin, Mario Van Poucke, Luc Peelman, Jo De Vrieze, Nico Boon, Ingrid Gielen, Stefaan De Smet, Daiwen Chen and Joris Michiels

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:392

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Ureaplasma diversum has numerous virulence factors that contribute to pathogenesis in cattle, including Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs). Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate in sili...

    Authors: Manoel Neres Santos Junior, Ronaldo Silva Santos, Wanderson Souza Neves, Janaina Marinho Fernandes, Bruna Carolina de Brito Guimarães, Maysa Santos Barbosa, Lucas Santana Coelho Silva, Camila Pacheco Gomes, Izadora Souza Rezende, Caline Novaes Teixeira Oliveira, Nayara Silva de Macêdo Neres, Guilherme Barreto Campos, Bruno Lopes Bastos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas Miranda Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:379

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Few cases of scedosporiosis have been reported in animals, but the true prevalence is probably underestimated due to a lack of awareness. Scedosporiosis in dogs has often been associated with localized infecti...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Teodoro, Daniela Averaimo, Miria Primavera, Doriana Santoleri, Giorgia Giovannini, Antonio Cocco, Gabriella Di Francesco, Daniela Malatesta, Sabrina Defourny, Nicola D’Alterio, Valentina Curini, Marco Di Domenico and Antonio Petrini

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:372

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Epsilon toxin (ETX) causes a commonly fatal enterotoxemia in domestic animals. Also, ETX causes serious economic losses to animal husbandry. In this study, we selected several clones against ETX using repertoi...

    Authors: Maryam Alibeiki, Mehdi Golchin and Mohammad Tabatabaei

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:361

    Content type: Research article

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  38. This study aims to determine the effects of transportation on the nasal microbiota of healthy donkeys using 16S rRNA sequencing.

    Authors: Fuwei Zhao, Guimiao Jiang, Chuanliang Ji, Zhiping Zhang, Weiping Gao, Peixiang Feng, Haijing Li, Min Li, Haibing Liu, Guiqin Liu, Humberto B. Magalhaes and Jianji Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:338

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Mastitis is the most common health concern plaguing the modern dairy cow and costs dairy producers estimates of two billion dollars annually. Staphylococcus aureus infections are prevalent, displaying varied dise...

    Authors: Ellie J. Putz, Mitchell V. Palmer, Hao Ma, Eduardo Casas, Timothy A. Reinhardt and John D. Lippolis

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:336

    Content type: Case Report

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  40. Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is an infectious foot disease found commonly in dairy herds. Foot-trimming is an important husbandry procedure for reducing the ensuing lameness; however, epidemiological, and m...

    Authors: A. V. Gillespie, S. D. Carter, R. W. Blowey, G. J. Staton and N. J. Evans

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:330

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Antibiotics are commonly added to livestock feeds in sub-therapeutic doses as growth promoters and for prophylaxis against pathogenic microbes, especially those implicated in diarrhoea. While this practice has...

    Authors: Ibukun M. Famuyide, Folorunso O. Fasina, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:326

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae, M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae are significant pathogens for the porcine industry worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of six k...

    Authors: Rubén S. Rosales, Ana S. Ramírez, María M. Tavío, Carlos Poveda and José B. Poveda

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:324

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Coxiella burnetii causes Q fever, a zoonotic bacterial disease with a multi-host cycle and reservoirs in wild and domestic animal species. Q fever has a significant impact on the Australian public health and econ...

    Authors: Charles Caraguel, Sarah Bassett, David González-Barrio, Peter Elsworth and Anne-Lise Chaber

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:315

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Apramycin is used exclusively for the treatment of Escherichia coli (E.coli) infections in swine around the world since the early 1980s. Recently, many research papers have demonstrated that apramycin has signifi...

    Authors: Yuqi Yang, Tianshi Xiao, Jiarui Li, Ping Cheng, Fulei Li, Hongxiao Yu, Ruimeng Liu, Ishfaq Muhammad and Xiuying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:309

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Poultry houses are often highly contaminated with dust, which might contain considerable amounts of microorganisms and endotoxins. The concentrations of microorganisms and endotoxins in dust from laying hen ho...

    Authors: Marwa F. E. Ahmed, Hazem Ramadan, Diana Seinige, Corinna Kehrenberg, Amr Abd El-Wahab, Nina Volkmann, Nicole Kemper and Jochen Schulz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:301

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Salmonella is an important zoonotic pathogen, and chickens are one of its main hosts. Every year, Salmonella infections pose a serious threat to the poultry industry in developing countries, especially China. In ...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Honglin Wang, Tingting Li, Feifei Liu, Yiluo Cheng, Xiaodong Guo, Guoyuan Wen, Qingping Luo, Huabin Shao, Zishu Pan and Tengfei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:299

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is known to cause Eggshell Apex Abnormality (EAA) syndrome characterized by an altered shell surface with increased translucency on the apex. However, no large-scale studies have been con...

    Authors: M. Cisneros-Tamayo, I. Kempf, J. Coton, V. Michel, S. Bougeard, C. de Boisséson, P. Lucas, M.-H. Bäyon-Auboyer, G. Chiron, C. Mindus and A. V. Gautier-Bouchardon

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:271

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Although salmonellosis is considered one of the most important food-borne zoonotic diseases in Europe, close contact between dogs and their owners can also be a potential source of Salmonella spp. for humans. Thi...

    Authors: E. Bataller, E. García-Romero, L. Llobat, V. Lizana and E. Jiménez-Trigos

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:268

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Antibiotics have long been the first line of defense to prevent Escherichia coli infections, but they have lost their potency since bacteria have grown increasingly resistant to treatment. The present research ai...

    Authors: Mohammad Jahantigh, Keyvan Samadi, Reza Esmaeelzadeh Dizaji and Saeed Salari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:267

    Content type: Research article

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  1. The aim of this study was to investigate the association among biofilm formation, virulence gene expression, and antibiotic resistance in P. mirabilis isolates collected from diarrhetic animals (n = 176) in north...

    Authors: Yadong Sun, Shanshan Wen, Lili Zhao, Qiqi Xia, Yue Pan, Hanghang Liu, Chengwei Wei, Hongyan Chen, Junwei Ge and Hongbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:176

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Mastitis is a disease of economic concern that affects dairy industry worldwide. This study aimed to investigate and identify possible etiologies encountered in an episode of acute gangrenous mastitis in lacta...

    Authors: El Tigani Ahmed El Tigani-Asil, Ghada Elderdiri Abdelwahab, Jayamohanan Thikkal Veedu Payyan Veedu, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Zayed Saud Abdullah Mohamed, Hassan Zackaria Ali Ishag, Asma Abdi Mohamed Shah, Mohamed Ali Abdulla Alhosani and Salama Suhail Mohammed Al Muhairi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:174

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Glaesserella parasuis, the causative agent of Glӓsser’s disease, is widespread in swine globally resulting in significant economic losses to the swine industry. Prevention of Glӓsser’s disease in pigs has been pl...

    Authors: Samantha J. Hau, Shi-Lu Luan, Crystal L. Loving, Tracy L. Nicholson, Jinhong Wang, Sarah E. Peters, David Seilly, Lucy A. Weinert, Paul R. Langford, Andrew N. Rycroft, Brendan W. Wren, Duncan J. Maskell, Alexander W. Tucker and Susan L. Brockmeier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:167

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Ureaplasma diversum is a pathogen found in the genital tract of cattle and associated with genital disorders such as infertility, placentitis, abortion, birth of weak calves, low sperm motility, seminal vesiculit...

    Authors: Yasmin M. F. S. Andrade, Manoel N. Santos-Junior, Izadora S. Rezende, Maysa S. Barbosa, Aline T. Amorim, Ícaro B. S. Silva, Ellunny C. Queiroz, Bruno L. Bastos, Guilherme B. Campos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas M. Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (also canine gastrointestinal hemorrhagic syndrome) is commonly associated with Clostridium perfringens, although in some cases the etiology remains unclear. This report describ...

    Authors: Paul Capewell, Angie Rupp, Manuel Fuentes, Michael McDonald and William Weir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Infection in the oviduct (salpingitis) is the most common bacterial infection in egg laying hens and is mainly caused by Escherichia coli. The disease is responsible for decreased animal welfare, considerable eco...

    Authors: Louise Ladefoged Poulsen, Egle Kudirkiene, Steffen Lynge Jørgensen, Steven Philip Djordjevic, Max Laurence Cummins, Jens Peter Christensen, Henrik Christensen, Magne Bisgaard and Ida Thøfner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:148

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sow endometritis is a common disease in pig breeding farms after artificial insemination, which leads to gray-green vaginal secretions and decreased conception rates. It is important to perform an etiologic di...

    Authors: Yawen Wang, Haiyong Guo, Yun Bai, Tanqing Li, Ruitao Xu, Tairan Sun, Jicheng Lu and Qinye Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:146

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Administration of a competitive exclusion culture (CE culture) has the potential to induce protective effects in very young chicks against caecal colonisation by EEC (= extended-spectrum β-lactamases [ESBL] an...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Uwe Rösler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:143

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Disinfectants are frequently used in animal production to reduce or eliminate the load of infectious agents and parasites in buildings and equipment associated with the housing or transportation of animals. Th...

    Authors: H. Maertens, E. Van Coillie, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, N. Sleeckx, E. Meyer, J. Zoons, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:140

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Salmonella enterica serovars are a major cause of foodborne illness and have a substantial impact on global human health. In Canada, Salmonella is commonly found on swine farms and the increasing concern about dr...

    Authors: Corinne H. Schut, Abdolvahab Farzan, Russell S. Fraser, Margaret H. Ainslie-Garcia, Robert M. Friendship and Brandon N. Lillie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:138

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recombinant Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) vaccine vector could be used to deliver heterologous antigens to prevent and control pig diseases. We have previously shown that a live-atte...

    Authors: Yu-an Li, Yunyun Chen, Yuan zhao Du, Weiwei Guo, Dianfeng Chu, Juan Fan, Xiaobo Wang, Matthew Bellefleur, Shifeng Wang and Huoying Shi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:129

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Multifocal spherical nonstaining cavities and gram-positive, rod-shaped, and endospore-forming bacteria were found in the liver of a sow that died suddenly. Clostridium novyi type B was identified and isolated fr...

    Authors: Chang-Gi Jeong, Byoung-Joo Seo, Salik Nazki, Byung Kwon Jung, Amina Khatun, Myeon-Sik Yang, Seung-Chai Kim, Sang-Hyun Noh, Jae-Ho Shin, Bumseok Kim and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:127

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. According to the One Health concept, an important step is to monitor the resistance patterns of pathogenic bac...

    Authors: Woo Kyung Jung, Sook Shin, Young Kyung Park, Suk-Kyung Lim, Dong-Chan Moon, Kun Taek Park and Yong Ho Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:109

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mycoplasmas primarily cause respiratory or urogenital tract infections impacting avian, bovine, canine, caprine, murine, and reptilian hosts. In animal husbandry, mycoplasmas cause reduced feed-conversion, dec...

    Authors: Marissa A. Valentine-King, Katherine Cisneros, Margaret O. James, Robert W. Huigens III and Mary B. Brown

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:107

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis and has been recognized as a re-emerging infectious disease in humans and dogs, but prevalence of Leptospira shedding in dogs in Thailand is unknown. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Kerstin Altheimer, Prapaporn Jongwattanapisan, Supol Luengyosluechakul, Rosama Pusoonthornthum, Nuvee Prapasarakul, Alongkorn Kurilung, Els M. Broens, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Marga G. A. Goris, Ahmed A. Ahmed, Nikola Pantchev, Sven Reese and Katrin Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:89

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Vibrio alginolyticus is an important pathogen that has to be closely monitored and controlled in the mariculture industry because of its strong pathogenicity, quick onset after infection and high mortality rate i...

    Authors: Yu Dong, Panpan Zhao, Li Chen, Huahua Wu, Xinxin Si, Xin Shen, Hui Shen, Yi Qiao, Shanyuan Zhu, Qiong Chen, Weiwei Jia, Jingquan Dong, Juan Li and Song Gao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:76

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Weaning is one of the most critical transition stages of the swine production cycle, as the piglet gut physiology and microbiome need to rapidly adapt to changes in diet and environmental conditions. Based on ...

    Authors: Prakash Poudel, Crystal L. Levesque, Ryan Samuel and Benoit St-Pierre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The majority of infectious diseases of cultured fish is caused by bacteria. Rapid identification of bacterial pathogens is necessary for immediate management. The present study developed a custom Main Spectra ...

    Authors: Patharapol Piamsomboon, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Tran Quang Hung, Sittiruk Roytrakul and Janenuj Wongtavatchai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Brucellosis is a zoonosis whose incidence is not declining worldwide despite the global effort to control the disease. Accurate and precise diagnosis is a crucial step in any prophylaxis program but single tes...

    Authors: Adriana Trotta, Mariarosaria Marinaro, Margie Cirilli, Alessio Sposato, Rosanna Adone, Matteo Beverelli, Domenico Buonavoglia and Marialaura Corrente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:50

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae), Phyllantus amarus (Phyllantaceae) and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) are empirically alleged to be used as Beninese medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Boris Legba, Victorien Dougnon, Yossounon Chabi, Carène Gbaguidi, Alidah Aniambossou, Esther Deguenon, Jacques Dougnon, Marc Kpodekon and Lamine Baba-Moussa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus (D nodosus) is an infectious disease affecting sheep worldwide. Switzerland plans a nationwide footrot eradication program, based on PCR-testing of interdigital swab ...

    Authors: A. F. Kraft, H. Strobel, J. Hilke, A. Steiner and P. Kuhnert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent colonizer of human and several animal species, including dairy cows. It is the most common cause of intramammary infections in dairy cows. Its public health importance increase...

    Authors: Alem Abrha Kalayu, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Shu-Hua Wang, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes and Tadesse Teferi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study was aimed to investigate the intestinal microbiota in racing pigeons with regard to Enterococcus species distribution, virulence factors and antibiotic susceptibility. Three methods (API, Multiplex sod

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Michał Czopowicz, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Aleksandra Ledwoń and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:7

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The incidence of human infection and colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) has increased in the recent years. Environmental sources, inclu...

    Authors: Jolanta Kutkowska, Anna Turska-Szewczuk, Marek Kucharczyk, Halina Kucharczyk, Joanna Zalewska and Teresa Urbanik-Sypniewska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:472

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although keeping small poultry flocks is increasingly popular in Ontario, information on the antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria of such flocks is lacking. The current study was conducted on small...

    Authors: Csaba Varga, Michele T. Guerin, Marina L. Brash, Durda Slavic, Patrick Boerlin and Leonardo Susta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:464

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Salmonella is one of the most important foodborne pathogens, causing outbreaks of human salmonellosis worldwide. Owing to large scales of consumption markets, pork and poultry that contaminated by Salmonella coul...

    Authors: Tingting Chen, Jiali Jiang, Chao Ye, Jianhua Xie, Xia Chen, Dongyi Xu, Zheng Zeng, Yuanyi Peng, Dong-Liang Hu and Rendong Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:456

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (Mmm) is an important disease of cattle that causes serious economic losses. With the known effectiveness of new generati...

    Authors: Geoffrey Muuka, Beatrice Otina, Hezron Wesonga, Benson Bowa, Nimmo Gicheru, Kristin Stuke, E. Jane Poole, Jeremy Salt and Angie Colston

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:451

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Optimal treatment and prudent use of antimicrobials for pigs is imperative to secure animal health and prevent development of critical resistance. An important step in this one-health context is to monitor res...

    Authors: I. Holmer, C. M. Salomonsen, S. E. Jorsal, L. B. Astrup, V. F. Jensen, B. Borck Høg and K. Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:449

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen causing arthritis, meningitis and sudden death in post-weaning piglets and is also a zoonotic agent. S. suis comprises 35 different serotypes of which the serotype 2 i...

    Authors: Audrey Dumesnil, Léa Martelet, Daniel Grenier, Jean-Philippe Auger, Josée Harel, Eric Nadeau and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:448

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Pasteurella multocida is one of the important pathogens that infect rabbits, causing major economic losses in commercial rabbit farming. In this study, 205 P. multocida isolates recovered from lungs of dead rabbi...

    Authors: Jinxiang Wang, Lei Sang, Shikun Sun, Yanfeng Chen, Dongjin Chen and Xiping Xie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:438

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Haemophilus parasuis is a commensal pathogen in the swine upper respiratory tract and causes Glässer’s disease. Surveillance, screening for infection, and vaccination response of H. parasuis is hindered by the la...

    Authors: Yunbao Liu, Yujiao Du, Yuping Song, Yang Tian, Yi Qi, Qinxue Zhang, Qigai He, Xiangru Wang, Huanchun Chen, Xuwang Cai and Xiaojuan Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:436

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a leading cause of worldwide food-borne and waterborne infections. Despite an increase in the number of STEC outbreaks, there is a lack of data on prevalence of ST...

    Authors: Zhong Peng, Wan Liang, Zizhe Hu, Xiaosong Li, Rui Guo, Lin Hua, Xibiao Tang, Chen Tan, Huanchun Chen, Xiangru Wang and Bin Wu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:427

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Brucellosis, caused by several Brucella species, such as the bacterium Brucella melitensis, is considered one of the most severe zoonotic diseases worldwide. Not only does it affect ruminant animal populations, l...

    Authors: Garyfalia Karponi, Spyridon K. Kritas, Gina Papadopoulou, Elissavet-Kalliopi Akrioti, Eleni Papanikolaou and Evanthia Petridou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:422

    Content type: Research article

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  34. With worldwide distribution and importance for veterinary medicine, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi have been found in a wide variety of vertebrate hosts. At present, few ava...

    Authors: Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Xiangqian Zhang, Yuancai Chen, Dongfang Li, Lu Wang, Shuangjian Zheng, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Fuchun Jian, Changshen Ning, Jiakui Li and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:417

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Food-producing animals can be a vehicle for staphylococcal species as well as their virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. This work aimed to analyse the diversity of staphylococcal species in food-prod...

    Authors: Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Modou Dieng, Bocar Hanne, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Codou Gueye Mar Diop and Carmen Torres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:391

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Clinical cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a zoonotic gram-positive bacterium, have been reported in many ruminant species, including in cattle, deer, moose and muskoxen. Fatal cases have been repeatedly rep...

    Authors: Ana I. Cubas Atienzar, Priscilla F. Gerber and Tanja Opriessnig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:388

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The objective of this study was to investigate Brucella infection in farm animals in Saham, Oman, with reference to a survey carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries (MAF) for Brucellosis during the...

    Authors: Yasmin ElTahir, Anfal Al-Farsi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Alghalya Al-Toobi, Osman M. Gaafar, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al-Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Sunil Rajamony, Muhammed Nadeem Asi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina AlBusaidi, Elshafie I Elshafie and Eugene H. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:378

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:98

  38. Streptococcus suis is a prominent pathogen causing septicemia and meningitis in swine and humans. Bacitracin is used widely as a growth promoter in animal feed and to control the spread of necrotic enteritis in m...

    Authors: Jiale Ma, Jin Liu, Yue Zhang, Dan Wang, Runxia Liu, Guangjin Liu, Huochun Yao and Zihao Pan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:377

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The stranding events of cetaceans in the Philippines provide opportunities for gathering biological information and specimens, especially from the pelagic forms. As part of an effort to monitor the health of w...

    Authors: Marie Christine M. Obusan, Ren Mark D. Villanueva, Maria Auxilia T. Siringan, Windell L. Rivera and Lemnuel V. Aragones

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:372

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mycoplasma bovis is a causative agent of disease in cattle causing many clinical conditions. Currently there are no commercial M. bovis vaccines in Europe and treatment is difficult with decreased antimicrobial s...

    Authors: Katarzyna Dudek, Dariusz Bednarek, Roger D. Ayling, Anna Kycko and Michał Reichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:371

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is an emerging bovine pathogen, leading to significant economic losses in the livestock industry worldwide. Infection can result in a variety of clinical signs, such as arthritis, pneu...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Anne Ridley, Sinikka Pelkonen, Tiina Autio, Klara Tølbøll Lauritsen, Jane Kensø, Patrice Gaurivaud and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:369

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii causes globally distributed zoonotic Q fever. Ruminant livestock are common reservoirs of C. burnetii. Coxiella burnetii are shed in large numbers in the was...

    Authors: Nataša Knap, Diana Žele, Urška Glinšek Biškup, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Gorazd Vengušt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:368

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Ovariectomy is a common procedure in laboratory rodents used to create a post-menopausal state. Complications including post-surgical abscess are rarely reported, but merit consideration for the health and saf...

    Authors: Victoria E. Eaton, Samuel Pettit, Andrew Elkinson, Karen L. Houseknecht, Tamara E. King and Meghan May

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:364

    Content type: Case Report

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  44. Brucella spp. isolation is increasingly reported in cetaceans, although associated pathologies, including lesions of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, are less frequently described. Concerning the nervous ...

    Authors: Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Idaira Felipe-Jiménez, Daniele Zucca, Gabriella Di Francesco, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Simona Sacchini, Miguel A. Rivero and Manuel Arbelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:353

    Content type: Case Report

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  45. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, which has been associated with economic losses due to reduced daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Although it ...

    Authors: Honglei Ding, Yaoqin Zhou and Haoju Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:327

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.

    Authors: Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:319

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Farm disinfectants are widely used in primary production, but questions have been raised if their use can select for antimicrobial resistance. The present study examined the use of disinfectants in poultry and...

    Authors: Helder Maertens, Koen De Reu, Evelyne Meyer, Els Van Coillie and Jeroen Dewulf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:310

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) is an influential pathogen of the pig, which induces high morbidity and mortality in naive pig populations in the pig industry. Accurate and rapid detection of the agent is imp...

    Authors: Ting-ting Zhang, Meng-zhi Liu, Rong-huan Yin, Long-quan Yao, Bao-shan Liu and Ze-liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:294

    Content type: Research article

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