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Bacteriology and mycology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The 'Bacteriology and mycology' section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections and fungal pathogens of veterinary importance. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. The aim of this study was to investigate the association among biofilm formation, virulence gene expression, and antibiotic resistance in P. mirabilis isolates collected from diarrhetic animals (n = 176) in north...

    Authors: Yadong Sun, Shanshan Wen, Lili Zhao, Qiqi Xia, Yue Pan, Hanghang Liu, Chengwei Wei, Hongyan Chen, Junwei Ge and Hongbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:176

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Mastitis is a disease of economic concern that affects dairy industry worldwide. This study aimed to investigate and identify possible etiologies encountered in an episode of acute gangrenous mastitis in lacta...

    Authors: El Tigani Ahmed El Tigani-Asil, Ghada Elderdiri Abdelwahab, Jayamohanan Thikkal Veedu Payyan Veedu, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Zayed Saud Abdullah Mohamed, Hassan Zackaria Ali Ishag, Asma Abdi Mohamed Shah, Mohamed Ali Abdulla Alhosani and Salama Suhail Mohammed Al Muhairi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:174

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Glaesserella parasuis, the causative agent of Glӓsser’s disease, is widespread in swine globally resulting in significant economic losses to the swine industry. Prevention of Glӓsser’s disease in pigs has been pl...

    Authors: Samantha J. Hau, Shi-Lu Luan, Crystal L. Loving, Tracy L. Nicholson, Jinhong Wang, Sarah E. Peters, David Seilly, Lucy A. Weinert, Paul R. Langford, Andrew N. Rycroft, Brendan W. Wren, Duncan J. Maskell, Alexander W. Tucker and Susan L. Brockmeier

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:167

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Ureaplasma diversum is a pathogen found in the genital tract of cattle and associated with genital disorders such as infertility, placentitis, abortion, birth of weak calves, low sperm motility, seminal vesiculit...

    Authors: Yasmin M. F. S. Andrade, Manoel N. Santos-Junior, Izadora S. Rezende, Maysa S. Barbosa, Aline T. Amorim, Ícaro B. S. Silva, Ellunny C. Queiroz, Bruno L. Bastos, Guilherme B. Campos, Jorge Timenetsky and Lucas M. Marques

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (also canine gastrointestinal hemorrhagic syndrome) is commonly associated with Clostridium perfringens, although in some cases the etiology remains unclear. This report describ...

    Authors: Paul Capewell, Angie Rupp, Manuel Fuentes, Michael McDonald and William Weir

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Infection in the oviduct (salpingitis) is the most common bacterial infection in egg laying hens and is mainly caused by Escherichia coli. The disease is responsible for decreased animal welfare, considerable eco...

    Authors: Louise Ladefoged Poulsen, Egle Kudirkiene, Steffen Lynge Jørgensen, Steven Philip Djordjevic, Max Laurence Cummins, Jens Peter Christensen, Henrik Christensen, Magne Bisgaard and Ida Thøfner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:148

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sow endometritis is a common disease in pig breeding farms after artificial insemination, which leads to gray-green vaginal secretions and decreased conception rates. It is important to perform an etiologic di...

    Authors: Yawen Wang, Haiyong Guo, Yun Bai, Tanqing Li, Ruitao Xu, Tairan Sun, Jicheng Lu and Qinye Song

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:146

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Administration of a competitive exclusion culture (CE culture) has the potential to induce protective effects in very young chicks against caecal colonisation by EEC (= extended-spectrum β-lactamases [ESBL] an...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Uwe Rösler

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:143

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Disinfectants are frequently used in animal production to reduce or eliminate the load of infectious agents and parasites in buildings and equipment associated with the housing or transportation of animals. Th...

    Authors: H. Maertens, E. Van Coillie, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, N. Sleeckx, E. Meyer, J. Zoons, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:140

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Salmonella enterica serovars are a major cause of foodborne illness and have a substantial impact on global human health. In Canada, Salmonella is commonly found on swine farms and the increasing concern about dr...

    Authors: Corinne H. Schut, Abdolvahab Farzan, Russell S. Fraser, Margaret H. Ainslie-Garcia, Robert M. Friendship and Brandon N. Lillie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:138

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recombinant Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) vaccine vector could be used to deliver heterologous antigens to prevent and control pig diseases. We have previously shown that a live-atte...

    Authors: Yu-an Li, Yunyun Chen, Yuan zhao Du, Weiwei Guo, Dianfeng Chu, Juan Fan, Xiaobo Wang, Matthew Bellefleur, Shifeng Wang and Huoying Shi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:129

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Multifocal spherical nonstaining cavities and gram-positive, rod-shaped, and endospore-forming bacteria were found in the liver of a sow that died suddenly. Clostridium novyi type B was identified and isolated fr...

    Authors: Chang-Gi Jeong, Byoung-Joo Seo, Salik Nazki, Byung Kwon Jung, Amina Khatun, Myeon-Sik Yang, Seung-Chai Kim, Sang-Hyun Noh, Jae-Ho Shin, Bumseok Kim and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:127

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. According to the One Health concept, an important step is to monitor the resistance patterns of pathogenic bac...

    Authors: Woo Kyung Jung, Sook Shin, Young Kyung Park, Suk-Kyung Lim, Dong-Chan Moon, Kun Taek Park and Yong Ho Park

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:109

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mycoplasmas primarily cause respiratory or urogenital tract infections impacting avian, bovine, canine, caprine, murine, and reptilian hosts. In animal husbandry, mycoplasmas cause reduced feed-conversion, dec...

    Authors: Marissa A. Valentine-King, Katherine Cisneros, Margaret O. James, Robert W. Huigens III and Mary B. Brown

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:107

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis and has been recognized as a re-emerging infectious disease in humans and dogs, but prevalence of Leptospira shedding in dogs in Thailand is unknown. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Kerstin Altheimer, Prapaporn Jongwattanapisan, Supol Luengyosluechakul, Rosama Pusoonthornthum, Nuvee Prapasarakul, Alongkorn Kurilung, Els M. Broens, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Marga G. A. Goris, Ahmed A. Ahmed, Nikola Pantchev, Sven Reese and Katrin Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:89

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Vibrio alginolyticus is an important pathogen that has to be closely monitored and controlled in the mariculture industry because of its strong pathogenicity, quick onset after infection and high mortality rate i...

    Authors: Yu Dong, Panpan Zhao, Li Chen, Huahua Wu, Xinxin Si, Xin Shen, Hui Shen, Yi Qiao, Shanyuan Zhu, Qiong Chen, Weiwei Jia, Jingquan Dong, Juan Li and Song Gao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:76

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Weaning is one of the most critical transition stages of the swine production cycle, as the piglet gut physiology and microbiome need to rapidly adapt to changes in diet and environmental conditions. Based on ...

    Authors: Prakash Poudel, Crystal L. Levesque, Ryan Samuel and Benoit St-Pierre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The majority of infectious diseases of cultured fish is caused by bacteria. Rapid identification of bacterial pathogens is necessary for immediate management. The present study developed a custom Main Spectra ...

    Authors: Patharapol Piamsomboon, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Tran Quang Hung, Sittiruk Roytrakul and Janenuj Wongtavatchai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Brucellosis is a zoonosis whose incidence is not declining worldwide despite the global effort to control the disease. Accurate and precise diagnosis is a crucial step in any prophylaxis program but single tes...

    Authors: Adriana Trotta, Mariarosaria Marinaro, Margie Cirilli, Alessio Sposato, Rosanna Adone, Matteo Beverelli, Domenico Buonavoglia and Marialaura Corrente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:50

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae), Phyllantus amarus (Phyllantaceae) and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) are empirically alleged to be used as Beninese medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Boris Legba, Victorien Dougnon, Yossounon Chabi, Carène Gbaguidi, Alidah Aniambossou, Esther Deguenon, Jacques Dougnon, Marc Kpodekon and Lamine Baba-Moussa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus (D nodosus) is an infectious disease affecting sheep worldwide. Switzerland plans a nationwide footrot eradication program, based on PCR-testing of interdigital swab ...

    Authors: A. F. Kraft, H. Strobel, J. Hilke, A. Steiner and P. Kuhnert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent colonizer of human and several animal species, including dairy cows. It is the most common cause of intramammary infections in dairy cows. Its public health importance increase...

    Authors: Alem Abrha Kalayu, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Shu-Hua Wang, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes and Tadesse Teferi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study was aimed to investigate the intestinal microbiota in racing pigeons with regard to Enterococcus species distribution, virulence factors and antibiotic susceptibility. Three methods (API, Multiplex sod

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Michał Czopowicz, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Aleksandra Ledwoń and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:7

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The incidence of human infection and colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) has increased in the recent years. Environmental sources, inclu...

    Authors: Jolanta Kutkowska, Anna Turska-Szewczuk, Marek Kucharczyk, Halina Kucharczyk, Joanna Zalewska and Teresa Urbanik-Sypniewska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:472

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although keeping small poultry flocks is increasingly popular in Ontario, information on the antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria of such flocks is lacking. The current study was conducted on small...

    Authors: Csaba Varga, Michele T. Guerin, Marina L. Brash, Durda Slavic, Patrick Boerlin and Leonardo Susta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:464

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Salmonella is one of the most important foodborne pathogens, causing outbreaks of human salmonellosis worldwide. Owing to large scales of consumption markets, pork and poultry that contaminated by Salmonella coul...

    Authors: Tingting Chen, Jiali Jiang, Chao Ye, Jianhua Xie, Xia Chen, Dongyi Xu, Zheng Zeng, Yuanyi Peng, Dong-Liang Hu and Rendong Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:456

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (Mmm) is an important disease of cattle that causes serious economic losses. With the known effectiveness of new generati...

    Authors: Geoffrey Muuka, Beatrice Otina, Hezron Wesonga, Benson Bowa, Nimmo Gicheru, Kristin Stuke, E. Jane Poole, Jeremy Salt and Angie Colston

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:451

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Optimal treatment and prudent use of antimicrobials for pigs is imperative to secure animal health and prevent development of critical resistance. An important step in this one-health context is to monitor res...

    Authors: I. Holmer, C. M. Salomonsen, S. E. Jorsal, L. B. Astrup, V. F. Jensen, B. Borck Høg and K. Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:449

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen causing arthritis, meningitis and sudden death in post-weaning piglets and is also a zoonotic agent. S. suis comprises 35 different serotypes of which the serotype 2 i...

    Authors: Audrey Dumesnil, Léa Martelet, Daniel Grenier, Jean-Philippe Auger, Josée Harel, Eric Nadeau and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:448

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Pasteurella multocida is one of the important pathogens that infect rabbits, causing major economic losses in commercial rabbit farming. In this study, 205 P. multocida isolates recovered from lungs of dead rabbi...

    Authors: Jinxiang Wang, Lei Sang, Shikun Sun, Yanfeng Chen, Dongjin Chen and Xiping Xie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:438

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Haemophilus parasuis is a commensal pathogen in the swine upper respiratory tract and causes Glässer’s disease. Surveillance, screening for infection, and vaccination response of H. parasuis is hindered by the la...

    Authors: Yunbao Liu, Yujiao Du, Yuping Song, Yang Tian, Yi Qi, Qinxue Zhang, Qigai He, Xiangru Wang, Huanchun Chen, Xuwang Cai and Xiaojuan Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:436

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a leading cause of worldwide food-borne and waterborne infections. Despite an increase in the number of STEC outbreaks, there is a lack of data on prevalence of ST...

    Authors: Zhong Peng, Wan Liang, Zizhe Hu, Xiaosong Li, Rui Guo, Lin Hua, Xibiao Tang, Chen Tan, Huanchun Chen, Xiangru Wang and Bin Wu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:427

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Brucellosis, caused by several Brucella species, such as the bacterium Brucella melitensis, is considered one of the most severe zoonotic diseases worldwide. Not only does it affect ruminant animal populations, l...

    Authors: Garyfalia Karponi, Spyridon K. Kritas, Gina Papadopoulou, Elissavet-Kalliopi Akrioti, Eleni Papanikolaou and Evanthia Petridou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:422

    Content type: Research article

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  34. With worldwide distribution and importance for veterinary medicine, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi have been found in a wide variety of vertebrate hosts. At present, few ava...

    Authors: Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Xiangqian Zhang, Yuancai Chen, Dongfang Li, Lu Wang, Shuangjian Zheng, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Fuchun Jian, Changshen Ning, Jiakui Li and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:417

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Food-producing animals can be a vehicle for staphylococcal species as well as their virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. This work aimed to analyse the diversity of staphylococcal species in food-prod...

    Authors: Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Modou Dieng, Bocar Hanne, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Codou Gueye Mar Diop and Carmen Torres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:391

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Clinical cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a zoonotic gram-positive bacterium, have been reported in many ruminant species, including in cattle, deer, moose and muskoxen. Fatal cases have been repeatedly rep...

    Authors: Ana I. Cubas Atienzar, Priscilla F. Gerber and Tanja Opriessnig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:388

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The objective of this study was to investigate Brucella infection in farm animals in Saham, Oman, with reference to a survey carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries (MAF) for Brucellosis during the...

    Authors: Yasmin ElTahir, Anfal Al-Farsi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Alghalya Al-Toobi, Osman M. Gaafar, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al-Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Sunil Rajamony, Muhammed Nadeem Asi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina AlBusaidi, Elshafie I Elshafie and Eugene H. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:378

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:98

  38. Streptococcus suis is a prominent pathogen causing septicemia and meningitis in swine and humans. Bacitracin is used widely as a growth promoter in animal feed and to control the spread of necrotic enteritis in m...

    Authors: Jiale Ma, Jin Liu, Yue Zhang, Dan Wang, Runxia Liu, Guangjin Liu, Huochun Yao and Zihao Pan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:377

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The stranding events of cetaceans in the Philippines provide opportunities for gathering biological information and specimens, especially from the pelagic forms. As part of an effort to monitor the health of w...

    Authors: Marie Christine M. Obusan, Ren Mark D. Villanueva, Maria Auxilia T. Siringan, Windell L. Rivera and Lemnuel V. Aragones

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:372

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mycoplasma bovis is a causative agent of disease in cattle causing many clinical conditions. Currently there are no commercial M. bovis vaccines in Europe and treatment is difficult with decreased antimicrobial s...

    Authors: Katarzyna Dudek, Dariusz Bednarek, Roger D. Ayling, Anna Kycko and Michał Reichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:371

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is an emerging bovine pathogen, leading to significant economic losses in the livestock industry worldwide. Infection can result in a variety of clinical signs, such as arthritis, pneu...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Anne Ridley, Sinikka Pelkonen, Tiina Autio, Klara Tølbøll Lauritsen, Jane Kensø, Patrice Gaurivaud and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:369

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii causes globally distributed zoonotic Q fever. Ruminant livestock are common reservoirs of C. burnetii. Coxiella burnetii are shed in large numbers in the was...

    Authors: Nataša Knap, Diana Žele, Urška Glinšek Biškup, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Gorazd Vengušt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:368

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Ovariectomy is a common procedure in laboratory rodents used to create a post-menopausal state. Complications including post-surgical abscess are rarely reported, but merit consideration for the health and saf...

    Authors: Victoria E. Eaton, Samuel Pettit, Andrew Elkinson, Karen L. Houseknecht, Tamara E. King and Meghan May

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:364

    Content type: Case Report

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  44. Brucella spp. isolation is increasingly reported in cetaceans, although associated pathologies, including lesions of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, are less frequently described. Concerning the nervous ...

    Authors: Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Idaira Felipe-Jiménez, Daniele Zucca, Gabriella Di Francesco, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Simona Sacchini, Miguel A. Rivero and Manuel Arbelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:353

    Content type: Case Report

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  45. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, which has been associated with economic losses due to reduced daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Although it ...

    Authors: Honglei Ding, Yaoqin Zhou and Haoju Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:327

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.

    Authors: Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:319

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Farm disinfectants are widely used in primary production, but questions have been raised if their use can select for antimicrobial resistance. The present study examined the use of disinfectants in poultry and...

    Authors: Helder Maertens, Koen De Reu, Evelyne Meyer, Els Van Coillie and Jeroen Dewulf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:310

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) is an influential pathogen of the pig, which induces high morbidity and mortality in naive pig populations in the pig industry. Accurate and rapid detection of the agent is imp...

    Authors: Ting-ting Zhang, Meng-zhi Liu, Rong-huan Yin, Long-quan Yao, Bao-shan Liu and Ze-liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:294

    Content type: Research article

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COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

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