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Bacteriology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Weaning is one of the most critical transition stages of the swine production cycle, as the piglet gut physiology and microbiome need to rapidly adapt to changes in diet and environmental conditions. Based on ...

    Authors: Prakash Poudel, Crystal L. Levesque, Ryan Samuel and Benoit St-Pierre

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The majority of infectious diseases of cultured fish is caused by bacteria. Rapid identification of bacterial pathogens is necessary for immediate management. The present study developed a custom Main Spectra ...

    Authors: Patharapol Piamsomboon, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Tran Quang Hung, Sittiruk Roytrakul and Janenuj Wongtavatchai

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:52

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Brucellosis is a zoonosis whose incidence is not declining worldwide despite the global effort to control the disease. Accurate and precise diagnosis is a crucial step in any prophylaxis program but single tes...

    Authors: Adriana Trotta, Mariarosaria Marinaro, Margie Cirilli, Alessio Sposato, Rosanna Adone, Matteo Beverelli, Domenico Buonavoglia and Marialaura Corrente

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:50

    Content type: Methodology article

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  4. Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae), Phyllantus amarus (Phyllantaceae) and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) are empirically alleged to be used as Beninese medicinal plants in the treatment of salmonellosis. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Boris Legba, Victorien Dougnon, Yossounon Chabi, Carène Gbaguidi, Alidah Aniambossou, Esther Deguenon, Jacques Dougnon, Marc Kpodekon and Lamine Baba-Moussa

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus (D nodosus) is an infectious disease affecting sheep worldwide. Switzerland plans a nationwide footrot eradication program, based on PCR-testing of interdigital swab ...

    Authors: A. F. Kraft, H. Strobel, J. Hilke, A. Steiner and P. Kuhnert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent colonizer of human and several animal species, including dairy cows. It is the most common cause of intramammary infections in dairy cows. Its public health importance increase...

    Authors: Alem Abrha Kalayu, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Shu-Hua Wang, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes and Tadesse Teferi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:20

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This study was aimed to investigate the intestinal microbiota in racing pigeons with regard to Enterococcus species distribution, virulence factors and antibiotic susceptibility. Three methods (API, Multiplex sod

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Michał Czopowicz, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Aleksandra Ledwoń and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2020 16:7

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The incidence of human infection and colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) has increased in the recent years. Environmental sources, inclu...

    Authors: Jolanta Kutkowska, Anna Turska-Szewczuk, Marek Kucharczyk, Halina Kucharczyk, Joanna Zalewska and Teresa Urbanik-Sypniewska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:472

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although keeping small poultry flocks is increasingly popular in Ontario, information on the antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria of such flocks is lacking. The current study was conducted on small...

    Authors: Csaba Varga, Michele T. Guerin, Marina L. Brash, Durda Slavic, Patrick Boerlin and Leonardo Susta

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:464

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Salmonella is one of the most important foodborne pathogens, causing outbreaks of human salmonellosis worldwide. Owing to large scales of consumption markets, pork and poultry that contaminated by Salmonella coul...

    Authors: Tingting Chen, Jiali Jiang, Chao Ye, Jianhua Xie, Xia Chen, Dongyi Xu, Zheng Zeng, Yuanyi Peng, Dong-Liang Hu and Rendong Fang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:456

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (Mmm) is an important disease of cattle that causes serious economic losses. With the known effectiveness of new generati...

    Authors: Geoffrey Muuka, Beatrice Otina, Hezron Wesonga, Benson Bowa, Nimmo Gicheru, Kristin Stuke, E. Jane Poole, Jeremy Salt and Angie Colston

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:451

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Optimal treatment and prudent use of antimicrobials for pigs is imperative to secure animal health and prevent development of critical resistance. An important step in this one-health context is to monitor res...

    Authors: I. Holmer, C. M. Salomonsen, S. E. Jorsal, L. B. Astrup, V. F. Jensen, B. Borck Høg and K. Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:449

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen causing arthritis, meningitis and sudden death in post-weaning piglets and is also a zoonotic agent. S. suis comprises 35 different serotypes of which the serotype 2 i...

    Authors: Audrey Dumesnil, Léa Martelet, Daniel Grenier, Jean-Philippe Auger, Josée Harel, Eric Nadeau and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:448

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pasteurella multocida is one of the important pathogens that infect rabbits, causing major economic losses in commercial rabbit farming. In this study, 205 P. multocida isolates recovered from lungs of dead rabbi...

    Authors: Jinxiang Wang, Lei Sang, Shikun Sun, Yanfeng Chen, Dongjin Chen and Xiping Xie

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:438

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Haemophilus parasuis is a commensal pathogen in the swine upper respiratory tract and causes Glässer’s disease. Surveillance, screening for infection, and vaccination response of H. parasuis is hindered by the la...

    Authors: Yunbao Liu, Yujiao Du, Yuping Song, Yang Tian, Yi Qi, Qinxue Zhang, Qigai He, Xiangru Wang, Huanchun Chen, Xuwang Cai and Xiaojuan Xu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:436

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a leading cause of worldwide food-borne and waterborne infections. Despite an increase in the number of STEC outbreaks, there is a lack of data on prevalence of ST...

    Authors: Zhong Peng, Wan Liang, Zizhe Hu, Xiaosong Li, Rui Guo, Lin Hua, Xibiao Tang, Chen Tan, Huanchun Chen, Xiangru Wang and Bin Wu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:427

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Brucellosis, caused by several Brucella species, such as the bacterium Brucella melitensis, is considered one of the most severe zoonotic diseases worldwide. Not only does it affect ruminant animal populations, l...

    Authors: Garyfalia Karponi, Spyridon K. Kritas, Gina Papadopoulou, Elissavet-Kalliopi Akrioti, Eleni Papanikolaou and Evanthia Petridou

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:422

    Content type: Research article

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  18. With worldwide distribution and importance for veterinary medicine, Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi have been found in a wide variety of vertebrate hosts. At present, few ava...

    Authors: Yayun Wu, Yankai Chang, Xiangqian Zhang, Yuancai Chen, Dongfang Li, Lu Wang, Shuangjian Zheng, Rongjun Wang, Sumei Zhang, Fuchun Jian, Changshen Ning, Jiakui Li and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:417

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Food-producing animals can be a vehicle for staphylococcal species as well as their virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. This work aimed to analyse the diversity of staphylococcal species in food-prod...

    Authors: Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Modou Dieng, Bocar Hanne, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Codou Gueye Mar Diop and Carmen Torres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:391

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Clinical cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a zoonotic gram-positive bacterium, have been reported in many ruminant species, including in cattle, deer, moose and muskoxen. Fatal cases have been repeatedly rep...

    Authors: Ana I. Cubas Atienzar, Priscilla F. Gerber and Tanja Opriessnig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:388

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The objective of this study was to investigate Brucella infection in farm animals in Saham, Oman, with reference to a survey carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries (MAF) for Brucellosis during the...

    Authors: Yasmin ElTahir, Anfal Al-Farsi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Alghalya Al-Toobi, Osman M. Gaafar, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al-Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Sunil Rajamony, Muhammed Nadeem Asi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina AlBusaidi, Elshafie I Elshafie and Eugene H. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:378

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Streptococcus suis is a prominent pathogen causing septicemia and meningitis in swine and humans. Bacitracin is used widely as a growth promoter in animal feed and to control the spread of necrotic enteritis in m...

    Authors: Jiale Ma, Jin Liu, Yue Zhang, Dan Wang, Runxia Liu, Guangjin Liu, Huochun Yao and Zihao Pan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:377

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The stranding events of cetaceans in the Philippines provide opportunities for gathering biological information and specimens, especially from the pelagic forms. As part of an effort to monitor the health of w...

    Authors: Marie Christine M. Obusan, Ren Mark D. Villanueva, Maria Auxilia T. Siringan, Windell L. Rivera and Lemnuel V. Aragones

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:372

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Mycoplasma bovis is a causative agent of disease in cattle causing many clinical conditions. Currently there are no commercial M. bovis vaccines in Europe and treatment is difficult with decreased antimicrobial s...

    Authors: Katarzyna Dudek, Dariusz Bednarek, Roger D. Ayling, Anna Kycko and Michał Reichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:371

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is an emerging bovine pathogen, leading to significant economic losses in the livestock industry worldwide. Infection can result in a variety of clinical signs, such as arthritis, pneu...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Anne Ridley, Sinikka Pelkonen, Tiina Autio, Klara Tølbøll Lauritsen, Jane Kensø, Patrice Gaurivaud and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:369

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii causes globally distributed zoonotic Q fever. Ruminant livestock are common reservoirs of C. burnetii. Coxiella burnetii are shed in large numbers in the was...

    Authors: Nataša Knap, Diana Žele, Urška Glinšek Biškup, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Gorazd Vengušt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:368

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Ovariectomy is a common procedure in laboratory rodents used to create a post-menopausal state. Complications including post-surgical abscess are rarely reported, but merit consideration for the health and saf...

    Authors: Victoria E. Eaton, Samuel Pettit, Andrew Elkinson, Karen L. Houseknecht, Tamara E. King and Meghan May

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:364

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. Brucella spp. isolation is increasingly reported in cetaceans, although associated pathologies, including lesions of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, are less frequently described. Concerning the nervous ...

    Authors: Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Idaira Felipe-Jiménez, Daniele Zucca, Gabriella Di Francesco, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Simona Sacchini, Miguel A. Rivero and Manuel Arbelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:353

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, which has been associated with economic losses due to reduced daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Although it ...

    Authors: Honglei Ding, Yaoqin Zhou and Haoju Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:327

    Content type: Methodology article

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  30. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.

    Authors: Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:319

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Farm disinfectants are widely used in primary production, but questions have been raised if their use can select for antimicrobial resistance. The present study examined the use of disinfectants in poultry and...

    Authors: Helder Maertens, Koen De Reu, Evelyne Meyer, Els Van Coillie and Jeroen Dewulf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:310

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) is an influential pathogen of the pig, which induces high morbidity and mortality in naive pig populations in the pig industry. Accurate and rapid detection of the agent is imp...

    Authors: Ting-ting Zhang, Meng-zhi Liu, Rong-huan Yin, Long-quan Yao, Bao-shan Liu and Ze-liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:294

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study investigated changes over time in the epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli within a single equine referral hospital in the UK. Faecal samples were collected f...

    Authors: C. M. Isgren, T. Edwards, G. L. Pinchbeck, E. Winward, E. R. Adams, P. Norton, D. Timofte, T. W. Maddox, P. D. Clegg and N. J. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:268

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Johne’s disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows caused by infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in calf-hood. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespre...

    Authors: Andrew Bates, Rory O’Brien, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:266

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is a zoonotic disease mainly affecting herbivores. The last Swiss outbreak was over 20 years ago. We describe a recent anthrax outbreak involving two cows from the same herd. ...

    Authors: Stefanie Gobeli Brawand, Sonja Kittl, Martina Dettwiler, Andreas Thomann, Simon Feyer, José Cachim, Grégoire Theubet, Nicole Liechti, Matthias Wittwer, Nadia Schürch, Simone Oberhänsli, Andreas Heinimann and Jörg Jores

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:265

    Content type: Case Report

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  36. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is the leading cause of pyoderma in dogs and the frequent use of antimicrobial treatment is associated to the development of resistance to nearly all classes of antibiotics. Despit...

    Authors: Paula Gagetti, Alice R. Wattam, Gabriela Giacoboni, Adriana De Paulis, Eugenia Bertona, Alejandra Corso and Adriana E. Rosato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:264

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Chlamydia abortus, an obligate intracellular pathogen with an affinity for placenta, causes reproductive failure. In non-pregnant animals, an initial latent infection is established until the next gestation, when...

    Authors: D. Álvarez, M. R. Caro, A. J. Buendía, C. Schnee, N. Ortega, A. Murcia-Belmonte and J. Salinas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:259

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Infectious abortion in ruminants is a problem in animal husbandry worldwide. It is important to obtain a diagnosis, to make sure that proper control measures can be instituted, but most abortion cases remain w...

    Authors: Alessia Di Blasio, Amaranta Traversa, Federica Giacometti, Francesco Chiesa, Silvia Piva, Lucia Decastelli, Alessandro Dondo, Silvia Gallina and Simona Zoppi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:257

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Brucella ovis causes a sexually transmitted, infectious disease of domestic sheep characterized by genital lesions and epididymitis in rams, placentitis and rare abortions in ewes, and neonatal mortality in lambs...

    Authors: Molly Elderbrook, Brant Schumaker, Todd Cornish, Dannele Peck and Kerry Sondgeroth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:246

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mupirocin is one of the few antimicrobials active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and is frequently used for the eradication of MRSA nasal colonisation in humans. Initially, mupirocin ...

    Authors: Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel and Magdalena Rzewuska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:238

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Enterococcus is an important component of normal flora in human and animals, but in recent years, the pathogenicity of Enterococcus has been confirmed in clinical medicine. More and more animal infections have...

    Authors: Yingjin Chai, Xiaoxiao Gu, Qin Wu, Bingjiao Guo, Yayin Qi, Xiaolan Wang, Xia Zhou, Jie Li, Mengli Han and Fagang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:235

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem causing serious health threats. Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria that causes resistance problem. These bacteria produce an enzyme called exten...

    Authors: Romeo S. Gundran, Paul A. Cardenio, Marvin A. Villanueva, Fredelon B. Sison, Carolyn C. Benigno, Kwanchai Kreausukon, Duangporn Pichpol and Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:227

    Content type: Research article

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  43. As a kind of opportunist pathogen, Staphylococcus xylosus (S. xylosus) can cause mastitis. Antibiotics are widely used for treating infected animals and tylosin is a member of such group. Thus, the continuous use...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Jinpeng Wang, Mo Chen, Ruixiang Che, Wenya Ding, Fei Yu, Yonghui Zhou, Wenqiang Cui, Xing Xiaoxu, Bello-Onaghise God’spower and Yanhua Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:224

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Both bovine tuberculosis (TB) and paratuberculosis (PTB) are serious and widespread bacterial infections affecting many domestic and wild animal species. However, current vaccines do not confer complete protec...

    Authors: Ainhoa Palacios, Leticia Sampedro, Iker A. Sevilla, Elena Molina, David Gil, Mikel Azkargorta, Felix Elortza, Joseba M. Garrido, Juan Anguita and Rafael Prados-Rosales

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:188

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Vibriosis is an important bacterial disease of cultured marine fishes worldwide. However, information on the virulence and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. isolated from fish are scarce. This study investigat...

    Authors: Nurliyana Mohamad, Mohammad Noor Azmai Amal, Mohd Zamri Saad, Ina Salwany Md Yasin, Nor Amalina Zulkiply, Muskhazli Mustafa and Nurrul Shaqinah Nasruddin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:176

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The gut microbiota impacts on a range of host biological processes, and the imbalances in its composition are associated with pathology. Though the understanding of contribution of the many factors, e.g. gende...

    Authors: Shanlin Ke, Shaoming Fang, Maozhang He, Xiaochang Huang, Hui Yang, Bin Yang, Congying Chen and Lusheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:172

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Diarrhoea, a global economically important disease burden affecting swine and, especially piglets, is commonly caused by infection with entero-toxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Adherence of ETEC to porcine intestinal epi...

    Authors: Ibukun M. Famuyide, Abimbola O. Aro, Folorunso O. Fasina, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:162

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the principle cause of colibacillosis affecting poultry. The main challenge to the poultry industry is antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of multidrug resistant...

    Authors: Rekaz A. Ibrahim, Tillie L. Cryer, Shawkat Q. Lafi, Ehab-Abu Basha, Liam Good and Yaser H. Tarazi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:159

    Content type: Research article

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