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Bacteriology

Section edited by Prof. Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section considers research focusing on the clinical, macro-pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equids, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also considered. 

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  1. Food-producing animals can be a vehicle for staphylococcal species as well as their virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. This work aimed to analyse the diversity of staphylococcal species in food-prod...

    Authors: Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Modou Dieng, Bocar Hanne, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Codou Gueye Mar Diop and Carmen Torres

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:391

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Clinical cases of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a zoonotic gram-positive bacterium, have been reported in many ruminant species, including in cattle, deer, moose and muskoxen. Fatal cases have been repeatedly rep...

    Authors: Ana I. Cubas Atienzar, Priscilla F. Gerber and Tanja Opriessnig

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:388

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The objective of this study was to investigate Brucella infection in farm animals in Saham, Oman, with reference to a survey carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries (MAF) for Brucellosis during the...

    Authors: Yasmin ElTahir, Anfal Al-Farsi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Alghalya Al-Toobi, Osman M. Gaafar, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al-Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Sunil Rajamony, Muhammed Nadeem Asi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina AlBusaidi, Elshafie I Elshafie and Eugene H. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:378

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Streptococcus suis is a prominent pathogen causing septicemia and meningitis in swine and humans. Bacitracin is used widely as a growth promoter in animal feed and to control the spread of necrotic enteritis in m...

    Authors: Jiale Ma, Jin Liu, Yue Zhang, Dan Wang, Runxia Liu, Guangjin Liu, Huochun Yao and Zihao Pan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:377

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The stranding events of cetaceans in the Philippines provide opportunities for gathering biological information and specimens, especially from the pelagic forms. As part of an effort to monitor the health of w...

    Authors: Marie Christine M. Obusan, Ren Mark D. Villanueva, Maria Auxilia T. Siringan, Windell L. Rivera and Lemnuel V. Aragones

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:372

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mycoplasma bovis is a causative agent of disease in cattle causing many clinical conditions. Currently there are no commercial M. bovis vaccines in Europe and treatment is difficult with decreased antimicrobial s...

    Authors: Katarzyna Dudek, Dariusz Bednarek, Roger D. Ayling, Anna Kycko and Michał Reichert

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:371

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is an emerging bovine pathogen, leading to significant economic losses in the livestock industry worldwide. Infection can result in a variety of clinical signs, such as arthritis, pneu...

    Authors: Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Anne Ridley, Sinikka Pelkonen, Tiina Autio, Klara Tølbøll Lauritsen, Jane Kensø, Patrice Gaurivaud and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:369

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii causes globally distributed zoonotic Q fever. Ruminant livestock are common reservoirs of C. burnetii. Coxiella burnetii are shed in large numbers in the was...

    Authors: Nataša Knap, Diana Žele, Urška Glinšek Biškup, Tatjana Avšič-Županc and Gorazd Vengušt

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:368

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ovariectomy is a common procedure in laboratory rodents used to create a post-menopausal state. Complications including post-surgical abscess are rarely reported, but merit consideration for the health and saf...

    Authors: Victoria E. Eaton, Samuel Pettit, Andrew Elkinson, Karen L. Houseknecht, Tamara E. King and Meghan May

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:364

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Brucella spp. isolation is increasingly reported in cetaceans, although associated pathologies, including lesions of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, are less frequently described. Concerning the nervous ...

    Authors: Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Idaira Felipe-Jiménez, Daniele Zucca, Gabriella Di Francesco, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Simona Sacchini, Miguel A. Rivero and Manuel Arbelo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:353

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) is the primary pathogen of porcine enzootic pneumonia, which has been associated with economic losses due to reduced daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Although it ...

    Authors: Honglei Ding, Yaoqin Zhou and Haoju Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:327

    Content type: Methodology article

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  12. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. STnc640 is a type of sRNA that was identified in Salmonella Typhimurium.

    Authors: Xia Meng, Xianchen Meng, Jinqiu Wang, Heng Wang, Chunhong Zhu, Jie Ni and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:319

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Farm disinfectants are widely used in primary production, but questions have been raised if their use can select for antimicrobial resistance. The present study examined the use of disinfectants in poultry and...

    Authors: Helder Maertens, Koen De Reu, Evelyne Meyer, Els Van Coillie and Jeroen Dewulf

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:310

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) is an influential pathogen of the pig, which induces high morbidity and mortality in naive pig populations in the pig industry. Accurate and rapid detection of the agent is imp...

    Authors: Ting-ting Zhang, Meng-zhi Liu, Rong-huan Yin, Long-quan Yao, Bao-shan Liu and Ze-liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:294

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study investigated changes over time in the epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli within a single equine referral hospital in the UK. Faecal samples were collected f...

    Authors: C. M. Isgren, T. Edwards, G. L. Pinchbeck, E. Winward, E. R. Adams, P. Norton, D. Timofte, T. W. Maddox, P. D. Clegg and N. J. Williams

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:268

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Johne’s disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows caused by infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in calf-hood. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespre...

    Authors: Andrew Bates, Rory O’Brien, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:266

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is a zoonotic disease mainly affecting herbivores. The last Swiss outbreak was over 20 years ago. We describe a recent anthrax outbreak involving two cows from the same herd. ...

    Authors: Stefanie Gobeli Brawand, Sonja Kittl, Martina Dettwiler, Andreas Thomann, Simon Feyer, José Cachim, Grégoire Theubet, Nicole Liechti, Matthias Wittwer, Nadia Schürch, Simone Oberhänsli, Andreas Heinimann and Jörg Jores

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:265

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is the leading cause of pyoderma in dogs and the frequent use of antimicrobial treatment is associated to the development of resistance to nearly all classes of antibiotics. Despit...

    Authors: Paula Gagetti, Alice R. Wattam, Gabriela Giacoboni, Adriana De Paulis, Eugenia Bertona, Alejandra Corso and Adriana E. Rosato

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:264

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Chlamydia abortus, an obligate intracellular pathogen with an affinity for placenta, causes reproductive failure. In non-pregnant animals, an initial latent infection is established until the next gestation, when...

    Authors: D. Álvarez, M. R. Caro, A. J. Buendía, C. Schnee, N. Ortega, A. Murcia-Belmonte and J. Salinas

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:259

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Infectious abortion in ruminants is a problem in animal husbandry worldwide. It is important to obtain a diagnosis, to make sure that proper control measures can be instituted, but most abortion cases remain w...

    Authors: Alessia Di Blasio, Amaranta Traversa, Federica Giacometti, Francesco Chiesa, Silvia Piva, Lucia Decastelli, Alessandro Dondo, Silvia Gallina and Simona Zoppi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:257

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Brucella ovis causes a sexually transmitted, infectious disease of domestic sheep characterized by genital lesions and epididymitis in rams, placentitis and rare abortions in ewes, and neonatal mortality in lambs...

    Authors: Molly Elderbrook, Brant Schumaker, Todd Cornish, Dannele Peck and Kerry Sondgeroth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:246

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Mupirocin is one of the few antimicrobials active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and is frequently used for the eradication of MRSA nasal colonisation in humans. Initially, mupirocin ...

    Authors: Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel and Magdalena Rzewuska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:238

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Enterococcus is an important component of normal flora in human and animals, but in recent years, the pathogenicity of Enterococcus has been confirmed in clinical medicine. More and more animal infections have...

    Authors: Yingjin Chai, Xiaoxiao Gu, Qin Wu, Bingjiao Guo, Yayin Qi, Xiaolan Wang, Xia Zhou, Jie Li, Mengli Han and Fagang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:235

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem causing serious health threats. Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria that causes resistance problem. These bacteria produce an enzyme called exten...

    Authors: Romeo S. Gundran, Paul A. Cardenio, Marvin A. Villanueva, Fredelon B. Sison, Carolyn C. Benigno, Kwanchai Kreausukon, Duangporn Pichpol and Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:227

    Content type: Research article

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  25. As a kind of opportunist pathogen, Staphylococcus xylosus (S. xylosus) can cause mastitis. Antibiotics are widely used for treating infected animals and tylosin is a member of such group. Thus, the continuous use...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Jinpeng Wang, Mo Chen, Ruixiang Che, Wenya Ding, Fei Yu, Yonghui Zhou, Wenqiang Cui, Xing Xiaoxu, Bello-Onaghise God’spower and Yanhua Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:224

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Both bovine tuberculosis (TB) and paratuberculosis (PTB) are serious and widespread bacterial infections affecting many domestic and wild animal species. However, current vaccines do not confer complete protec...

    Authors: Ainhoa Palacios, Leticia Sampedro, Iker A. Sevilla, Elena Molina, David Gil, Mikel Azkargorta, Felix Elortza, Joseba M. Garrido, Juan Anguita and Rafael Prados-Rosales

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:188

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Vibriosis is an important bacterial disease of cultured marine fishes worldwide. However, information on the virulence and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. isolated from fish are scarce. This study investigat...

    Authors: Nurliyana Mohamad, Mohammad Noor Azmai Amal, Mohd Zamri Saad, Ina Salwany Md Yasin, Nor Amalina Zulkiply, Muskhazli Mustafa and Nurrul Shaqinah Nasruddin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:176

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The gut microbiota impacts on a range of host biological processes, and the imbalances in its composition are associated with pathology. Though the understanding of contribution of the many factors, e.g. gende...

    Authors: Shanlin Ke, Shaoming Fang, Maozhang He, Xiaochang Huang, Hui Yang, Bin Yang, Congying Chen and Lusheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:172

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Diarrhoea, a global economically important disease burden affecting swine and, especially piglets, is commonly caused by infection with entero-toxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Adherence of ETEC to porcine intestinal epi...

    Authors: Ibukun M. Famuyide, Abimbola O. Aro, Folorunso O. Fasina, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:162

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the principle cause of colibacillosis affecting poultry. The main challenge to the poultry industry is antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of multidrug resistant...

    Authors: Rekaz A. Ibrahim, Tillie L. Cryer, Shawkat Q. Lafi, Ehab-Abu Basha, Liam Good and Yaser H. Tarazi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:159

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) is a bacterium that causes bovine respiratory disease (BRD) and haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) in cattle, buffaloes and bison. Rapid point-of-care diagnosis or regular testing ...

    Authors: Guimin Zhao, Hongbin He and Hongmei Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:154

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Mycobacterium bovis is known to have a wide host range and has been isolated from numerous free-ranging wildlife species, carnivores included. In bears, M. bovis has been previously reported only from a culture o...

    Authors: Rosario Fico, Alessia Mariacher, Alessia Franco, Claudia Eleni, Erika Ciarrocca, Maria Lodovica Pacciarini and Antonio Battisti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Burkholderia mallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes glanders, a zoonotic disease, especially in equine populations (e.g. horses, donkeys, and mules). B. mallei usually grows slowly on most culture media,...

    Authors: Yuta Kinoshita, Ashley K. Cloutier, David A. Rozak, Md. S. R. Khan, Hidekazu Niwa, Eri Uchida-Fujii, Yoshinari Katayama and Apichai Tuanyok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:133

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study aimed to survey the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence-associated genes of Salmonella enterica recovered from broiler chickens and retail shops at El-Sharkia Province in Egypt. Salmone...

    Authors: Rasha Elkenany, Mona Mohieldin Elsayed, Amira I. Zakaria, Shimaa Abd- El-Salam El-sayed and Mohamed Abdo Rizk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:124

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pasteurella multocida is responsible for significant economic losses in pigs worldwide. In clinically diseased pigs, most P. multocida isolates are characterised as subspecies multocida, biovar 2 or 3 and capsula...

    Authors: Jongho Kim, Jong Wan Kim, Sang-Ik Oh, ByungJae So, Won-Il Kim and Ha-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:119

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-producing animals is a global public health issue. This study investigated AMR and virulence profiles of E. coli isolated from healthy chickens in Vietnam. E. coli were isol...

    Authors: Passoret Vounba, Julie Arsenault, Rianatou Bada-Alambédji and John Morris Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:106

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Lawsonia intracellularis (L. intracellularis) is the etiologic agent of porcine proliferative enteropathy (PPE), which is reported in many swine breeding countries all over the world, and has caused enormous econ...

    Authors: Yanyang Wu, Kaiyue Tian, Yuhan Zhang, Huifang Guo, Ning Li, Zeng Wang and Jun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:97

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Antibiotic use in human and veterinary medicine is considered a main driver of antimicrobial resistance. Although guidelines to promote appropriate use of antimicrobials in veterinary patients have been develo...

    Authors: K. Schmitt, C. Lehner, S. Schuller, G. Schüpbach-Regula, M. Mevissen, R. Peter, C. R. Müntener, H. Naegeli and B. Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:94

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Several species-specific PCR assays, based on a variety of target genes are currently used in the diagnosis of Mycoplasma bovis infections in cattle herds with respiratory diseases and/or mastitis. With this dive...

    Authors: Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Jane Plater, Anne Ridley, Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Tarja Pohjanvirta, Nella Vähänikkilä, Helene Larsen, Jonas Høgberg, Adélie Colin and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:86

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Escherichia coli is bacteria that exist as commensal in the intestine of animals and humans, but pathogenic strains cause disease in chickens. The development of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli is one of majo...

    Authors: Edilu Jorga Sarba, Kebede Abdisa Kelbesa, Morka Dandecha Bayu, Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Bizunesh Mideksa Borena and Ayichew Teshale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:85

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Severe outbreaks of bovine interdigital phlegmon (IP) have occurred recently in several free stall dairy herds in Finland. We studied the aetiology of IP in such herds, and the association of bacterial species...

    Authors: Miia Kontturi, Reijo Junni, Heli Simojoki, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Kirstine Klitgaard, Minna Kujala-Wirth, Timo Soveri and Sinikka Pelkonen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:44

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a highly virulent human pathogen with severe consequences following infection, which claims many lives worldwide. A suggested method for controlling this bacterium is the competitive e...

    Authors: Nasrin Askari and Reza Ghanbarpour

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:14

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The diagnosis of previous cases of feline tuberculosis in Turkey has been made based solely on pathological changes without isolation of the causative agent. This case report details the first case of feline t...

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Ersoy Baydar, Baris Otlu, Murat Dabak, Hatice Eroksuz, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili and Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:9

    Content type: Case Report

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  44. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia and represents a major burden to the livestock industry. Virulence can largely be attributed to the secretion of a series of haemo...

    Authors: Ian J. Passmore, Anna Andrejeva, Brendan W. Wren and Jon Cuccui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:6

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Prophylaxis and treatment of emerging zoonotic Streptococcus suis infection in agricultural and healthcare settings mainly rely on antibiotics. However, continued use of antibiotics contributing to emergence and ...

    Authors: Suganya Yongkiettrakul, Krissana Maneerat, Buppa Arechanajan, Yuwares Malila, Potjanee Srimanote, Marcello Gottschalk and Wonnop Visessanguan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:5

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Nocardiosis is often a multi-systemic disease in humans and other mammals. Nocardiosis in birds is uncommon. Laboratory identification of Nocardia to the species level is difficult by traditional phenotypic metho...

    Authors: Sarah M. Churgin, Jade L. L. Teng, Jeremy H. P. Ho, Russell Graydon, Paolo Martelli, Foo Khong Lee, Suk-Wai Hui, Jordan Y. H. Fong, Susanna K. P. Lau and Patrick C. Y. Woo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:4

    Content type: Case Report

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  47. Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum is a host-restricted serotype causing infection in poultry. The pathogen can not only cause acute infection in young chicks with high mortality and morbidity, but also persist...

    Authors: Qiuchun Li, Yue Zhu, Kequan Yin, Lijuan Xu, Chao Yin, Yang Li, Jingwei Ren, Yu Yuan and Xinan Jiao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:3

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is an important poultry pathogen worldwide. This bacterium may cause eggshell changes including an altered shell surface, thinning, and increased translucency in different areas, which le...

    Authors: Olimpia Kursa, Anna Pakuła, Grzegorz Tomczyk, Sławomir Paśko and Anna Sawicka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:1

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is a major etiological agent of bovine mycoplasmosis around the world. Point-of-care testing in the field is lacking owing to the requirement for a simple, robust field applicable test...

    Authors: Guimin Zhao, Peili Hou, Yanjun Huan, Chengqiang He, Hongmei Wang and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:412

    Content type: Research article

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