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Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Brucella ovis causes a sexually transmitted, infectious disease of domestic sheep characterized by genital lesions and epididymitis in rams, placentitis and rare abortions in ewes, and neonatal mortality in lambs...

    Authors: Molly Elderbrook, Brant Schumaker, Todd Cornish, Dannele Peck and Kerry Sondgeroth

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:246

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Mupirocin is one of the few antimicrobials active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and is frequently used for the eradication of MRSA nasal colonisation in humans. Initially, mupirocin ...

    Authors: Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel and Magdalena Rzewuska

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:238

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Enterococcus is an important component of normal flora in human and animals, but in recent years, the pathogenicity of Enterococcus has been confirmed in clinical medicine. More and more animal infections have...

    Authors: Yingjin Chai, Xiaoxiao Gu, Qin Wu, Bingjiao Guo, Yayin Qi, Xiaolan Wang, Xia Zhou, Jie Li, Mengli Han and Fagang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:235

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem causing serious health threats. Escherichia coli is one of the most important bacteria that causes resistance problem. These bacteria produce an enzyme called exten...

    Authors: Romeo S. Gundran, Paul A. Cardenio, Marvin A. Villanueva, Fredelon B. Sison, Carolyn C. Benigno, Kwanchai Kreausukon, Duangporn Pichpol and Veerasak Punyapornwithaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:227

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  5. Content type: Research article

    As a kind of opportunist pathogen, Staphylococcus xylosus (S. xylosus) can cause mastitis. Antibiotics are widely used for treating infected animals and tylosin is a member of such group. Thus, the continuous use...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Jinpeng Wang, Mo Chen, Ruixiang Che, Wenya Ding, Fei Yu, Yonghui Zhou, Wenqiang Cui, Xing Xiaoxu, Bello-Onaghise God’spower and Yanhua Li

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:224

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Both bovine tuberculosis (TB) and paratuberculosis (PTB) are serious and widespread bacterial infections affecting many domestic and wild animal species. However, current vaccines do not confer complete protec...

    Authors: Ainhoa Palacios, Leticia Sampedro, Iker A. Sevilla, Elena Molina, David Gil, Mikel Azkargorta, Felix Elortza, Joseba M. Garrido, Juan Anguita and Rafael Prados-Rosales

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:188

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Vibriosis is an important bacterial disease of cultured marine fishes worldwide. However, information on the virulence and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. isolated from fish are scarce. This study investigat...

    Authors: Nurliyana Mohamad, Mohammad Noor Azmai Amal, Mohd Zamri Saad, Ina Salwany Md Yasin, Nor Amalina Zulkiply, Muskhazli Mustafa and Nurrul Shaqinah Nasruddin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:176

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The gut microbiota impacts on a range of host biological processes, and the imbalances in its composition are associated with pathology. Though the understanding of contribution of the many factors, e.g. gende...

    Authors: Shanlin Ke, Shaoming Fang, Maozhang He, Xiaochang Huang, Hui Yang, Bin Yang, Congying Chen and Lusheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:172

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhoea, a global economically important disease burden affecting swine and, especially piglets, is commonly caused by infection with entero-toxigenic E. coli (ETEC). Adherence of ETEC to porcine intestinal epi...

    Authors: Ibukun M. Famuyide, Abimbola O. Aro, Folorunso O. Fasina, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:162

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the principle cause of colibacillosis affecting poultry. The main challenge to the poultry industry is antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of multidrug resistant...

    Authors: Rekaz A. Ibrahim, Tillie L. Cryer, Shawkat Q. Lafi, Ehab-Abu Basha, Liam Good and Yaser H. Tarazi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:159

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  11. Content type: Methodology article

    Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) is a bacterium that causes bovine respiratory disease (BRD) and haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) in cattle, buffaloes and bison. Rapid point-of-care diagnosis or regular testing ...

    Authors: Guimin Zhao, Hongbin He and Hongmei Wang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:154

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  12. Content type: Case Report

    Mycobacterium bovis is known to have a wide host range and has been isolated from numerous free-ranging wildlife species, carnivores included. In bears, M. bovis has been previously reported only from a culture o...

    Authors: Rosario Fico, Alessia Mariacher, Alessia Franco, Claudia Eleni, Erika Ciarrocca, Maria Lodovica Pacciarini and Antonio Battisti

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:152

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Burkholderia mallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes glanders, a zoonotic disease, especially in equine populations (e.g. horses, donkeys, and mules). B. mallei usually grows slowly on most culture media,...

    Authors: Yuta Kinoshita, Ashley K. Cloutier, David A. Rozak, Md. S. R. Khan, Hidekazu Niwa, Eri Uchida-Fujii, Yoshinari Katayama and Apichai Tuanyok

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:133

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to survey the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence-associated genes of Salmonella enterica recovered from broiler chickens and retail shops at El-Sharkia Province in Egypt. Salmone...

    Authors: Rasha Elkenany, Mona Mohieldin Elsayed, Amira I. Zakaria, Shimaa Abd- El-Salam El-sayed and Mohamed Abdo Rizk

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:124

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida is responsible for significant economic losses in pigs worldwide. In clinically diseased pigs, most P. multocida isolates are characterised as subspecies multocida, biovar 2 or 3 and capsula...

    Authors: Jongho Kim, Jong Wan Kim, Sang-Ik Oh, ByungJae So, Won-Il Kim and Ha-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:119

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-producing animals is a global public health issue. This study investigated AMR and virulence profiles of E. coli isolated from healthy chickens in Vietnam. E. coli were isol...

    Authors: Passoret Vounba, Julie Arsenault, Rianatou Bada-Alambédji and John Morris Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:106

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Lawsonia intracellularis (L. intracellularis) is the etiologic agent of porcine proliferative enteropathy (PPE), which is reported in many swine breeding countries all over the world, and has caused enormous econ...

    Authors: Yanyang Wu, Kaiyue Tian, Yuhan Zhang, Huifang Guo, Ning Li, Zeng Wang and Jun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic use in human and veterinary medicine is considered a main driver of antimicrobial resistance. Although guidelines to promote appropriate use of antimicrobials in veterinary patients have been develo...

    Authors: K. Schmitt, C. Lehner, S. Schuller, G. Schüpbach-Regula, M. Mevissen, R. Peter, C. R. Müntener, H. Naegeli and B. Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:94

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Several species-specific PCR assays, based on a variety of target genes are currently used in the diagnosis of Mycoplasma bovis infections in cattle herds with respiratory diseases and/or mastitis. With this dive...

    Authors: Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Jane Plater, Anne Ridley, Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Tarja Pohjanvirta, Nella Vähänikkilä, Helene Larsen, Jonas Høgberg, Adélie Colin and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:86

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli is bacteria that exist as commensal in the intestine of animals and humans, but pathogenic strains cause disease in chickens. The development of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli is one of majo...

    Authors: Edilu Jorga Sarba, Kebede Abdisa Kelbesa, Morka Dandecha Bayu, Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Bizunesh Mideksa Borena and Ayichew Teshale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:85

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Severe outbreaks of bovine interdigital phlegmon (IP) have occurred recently in several free stall dairy herds in Finland. We studied the aetiology of IP in such herds, and the association of bacterial species...

    Authors: Miia Kontturi, Reijo Junni, Heli Simojoki, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Kirstine Klitgaard, Minna Kujala-Wirth, Timo Soveri and Sinikka Pelkonen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:44

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a highly virulent human pathogen with severe consequences following infection, which claims many lives worldwide. A suggested method for controlling this bacterium is the competitive e...

    Authors: Nasrin Askari and Reza Ghanbarpour

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:14

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  23. Content type: Case Report

    The diagnosis of previous cases of feline tuberculosis in Turkey has been made based solely on pathological changes without isolation of the causative agent. This case report details the first case of feline t...

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Ersoy Baydar, Baris Otlu, Murat Dabak, Hatice Eroksuz, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili and Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:9

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia and represents a major burden to the livestock industry. Virulence can largely be attributed to the secretion of a series of haemo...

    Authors: Ian J. Passmore, Anna Andrejeva, Brendan W. Wren and Jon Cuccui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Prophylaxis and treatment of emerging zoonotic Streptococcus suis infection in agricultural and healthcare settings mainly rely on antibiotics. However, continued use of antibiotics contributing to emergence and ...

    Authors: Suganya Yongkiettrakul, Krissana Maneerat, Buppa Arechanajan, Yuwares Malila, Potjanee Srimanote, Marcello Gottschalk and Wonnop Visessanguan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:5

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  26. Content type: Case Report

    Nocardiosis is often a multi-systemic disease in humans and other mammals. Nocardiosis in birds is uncommon. Laboratory identification of Nocardia to the species level is difficult by traditional phenotypic metho...

    Authors: Sarah M. Churgin, Jade L. L. Teng, Jeremy H. P. Ho, Russell Graydon, Paolo Martelli, Foo Khong Lee, Suk-Wai Hui, Jordan Y. H. Fong, Susanna K. P. Lau and Patrick C. Y. Woo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:4

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum is a host-restricted serotype causing infection in poultry. The pathogen can not only cause acute infection in young chicks with high mortality and morbidity, but also persist...

    Authors: Qiuchun Li, Yue Zhu, Kequan Yin, Lijuan Xu, Chao Yin, Yang Li, Jingwei Ren, Yu Yuan and Xinan Jiao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:3

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is an important poultry pathogen worldwide. This bacterium may cause eggshell changes including an altered shell surface, thinning, and increased translucency in different areas, which le...

    Authors: Olimpia Kursa, Anna Pakuła, Grzegorz Tomczyk, Sławomir Paśko and Anna Sawicka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:1

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is a major etiological agent of bovine mycoplasmosis around the world. Point-of-care testing in the field is lacking owing to the requirement for a simple, robust field applicable test...

    Authors: Guimin Zhao, Peili Hou, Yanjun Huan, Chengqiang He, Hongmei Wang and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:412

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Infectious coryza (IC) is an acute respiratory disease of growing chickens and layers caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum. The development of tools that allow rapid pathogen detection is necessary in order to a...

    Authors: Sandra Morales Ruiz, Jorge Bendezu, Ricardo Choque Guevara, Ricardo Montesinos, David Requena, Luz Choque Moreau, Ángela Montalván Ávalos and Manolo Fernández-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:411

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  31. Content type: Case Report

    Even though gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum in goats is mentioned in the classical textbooks, we have not managed to find any case description in the literature.

    Authors: Abdullah Gazioglu, Burcu Karagülle, Hayati Yüksel, M. Nuri Açık, Hakan Keçeci, Muhammet Bahaeddin Dörtbudak and Burhan Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:406

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of Salmonella enterica subspecies diarizonae serovar 61: k: 1, 5, (7) (SASd) and other Salmonella organisms in sheep in the German federal state of Thuringia was examined for the first time. Pooled...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Udo Moog

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:401

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in humans, cows, and pigs. The gut microbiota underlies pathology of several infectious diseases yet the role of the gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of E...

    Authors: Peng Bin, Zhiyi Tang, Shaojuan Liu, Shuai Chen, Yaoyao Xia, Jiaqi Liu, Hucong Wu and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:385

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Periodontal disease (PD) is caused by the development of a microbial biofilm (dental plaque) in the periodontium, affecting approximately 80% of dogs. Several bacterial species present in the canine oral cavit...

    Authors: Eva Cunha, Tiago Trovão, Ana Pinheiro, Telmo Nunes, Raquel Santos, Jorge Moreira da Silva, Berta São Braz, Luís Tavares, Ana Salomé Veiga and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:375

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is a major poultry pathogen which causes severe economic losses in all the productive sectors. The prevalence of MS in European countries has increased in the last few years, leading to g...

    Authors: M. L. Moronato, M. Cecchinato, G. Facchetti, M. Mainenti, F. Gobbo and S. Catania

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:357

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcus agalactiae is pathogenic for both animals and humans. In dairy cattle it commonly causes mastitis, with great economic losses, and there is scientific evidence of mastitis, caseous lymphadenitis, co...

    Authors: Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Monia Cocchi, Ilda Idrizi, Stefano Colorio, Laura Viel, Claudia Zanardello and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:343

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Carriage of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens by food production animals is one of many contributors to treatment failure in health care settings, and it necessitates an integrated approach to investiga...

    Authors: Kuastros Mekonnen Belaynehe, Seung Won Shin and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:340

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus (Glässerella) parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in pigs. Control of this disorder has been traditionally based on bacterins. The search for alternative vaccines has focused mainly...

    Authors: Álvaro Álvarez-Estrada, César B. Gutiérrez-Martín, Elías F. Rodríguez-Ferri and Sonia Martínez-Martínez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:326

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are among the leading bacterial causes of bovine mastitis in many dairy-producing countries. Among the challenges associated with the specific diagnosis of CoNS infectio...

    Authors: Tracy Schmidt, Marleen M. Kock and Marthie M. Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:324

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of Lyme disease in dogs in North America depends on effective vaccination against infection by the tick vector-born spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Most vaccines effectively prevent spirochete transmi...

    Authors: Deborah A Grosenbaugh, Karelle De Luca, Pierre-Yves Durand, Bradley Feilmeier, Kristopher DeWitt, Cecile Sigoillot-Claude, Marie-Line Sajous, Michael J Day and Frederic David

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:312

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Multi-drug methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) detection is rapidly increasing in microbial specimens from pets across Europe. MRSP has also been isolated from bitches and newborns in dog...

    Authors: Michela Corrò, Joakim Skarin, Stefan Börjesson and Ada Rota

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:308

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  42. Content type: Methodology article

    Ovine footrot is a highly contagious bacterial disease of sheep, costing the Australian sheep industry millions of dollars annually. Dichelobacter nodosus, the causative agent of footrot, is a gram-negative anaer...

    Authors: Nickala Best, Lucas Zanandrez, Jacek Gwozdz, Eckard Klien, Nicky Buller, Robert Suter, Grant Rawlin and Travis Beddoe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:252

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida type A (PmA) is considered a secondary agent of pneumonia in pigs. The role of PmA as a primary pathogen was investigated by challenging pigs with eight field strains isolated from pneumonia...

    Authors: João Xavier de Oliveira Filho, Marcos Antônio Zanella Morés, Raquel Rebellato, Jalusa Deon Kich, Maurício Egidio Cantão, Catia Silene Klein, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Arlei Coldebella, David Emílio Santos Neves de Barcellos and Nelson Morés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:244

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  44. Content type: Methodology article

    Slaughter pigs are monitored for the presence of the zoonotic pathogen Salmonella, using both serology and bacteriology. ELISAs used to investigate pig herds are based on the detection of antibodies against compo...

    Authors: Fimme J. van der Wal, René P. Achterberg and Catharina B. M. Maassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:226

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Dogs presenting with acute leptospirosis may present non-specific clinical and laboratory findings, and the definitive diagnosis may require additional confirmatory tests, including bacterial culture, for the ...

    Authors: Bruno Alonso Miotto, Barbara Furlan Tozzi, Manoela de Souza Penteado, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Andrea Micke Moreno, Walter Lilenbaum and Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:222

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. For control of the disease the detection of sub-clinically infected pigs is of major importance to avoid transmitting of sub...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Florian Nietfeld, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder and Judith Rohde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:211

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) is well known for its probiotic property in human and animals. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) polypeptide can effectively modulate host immune responses and have antimicrobial activity in vi...

    Authors: Han Zhou, Xuechun Li, Zongying Wang, Jiyuan Yin, Hongchao Tan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao, Yanping Jiang, Wen Cui, Min Liu, Yijing Li, Yigang Xu and Lijie Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:206

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  48. Content type: Case Report

    The role of corynebacteria in canine and feline otitis has not been investigated in detail; however, members of this genus are increasingly recognized as pathogens of otitis in both human and veterinary medicine.

    Authors: Sonja Kittl, Isabelle Brodard, Lorenz Rychener, Jörg Jores, Petra Roosje and Stefanie Gobeli Brawand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:200

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