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Bacteriology

Section edited by Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic use in human and veterinary medicine is considered a main driver of antimicrobial resistance. Although guidelines to promote appropriate use of antimicrobials in veterinary patients have been develo...

    Authors: K. Schmitt, C. Lehner, S. Schuller, G. Schüpbach-Regula, M. Mevissen, R. Peter, C. R. Müntener, H. Naegeli and B. Willi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:94

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Several species-specific PCR assays, based on a variety of target genes are currently used in the diagnosis of Mycoplasma bovis infections in cattle herds with respiratory diseases and/or mastitis. With this dive...

    Authors: Henk J. Wisselink, Bregtje Smid, Jane Plater, Anne Ridley, Anna-Maria Andersson, Anna Aspán, Tarja Pohjanvirta, Nella Vähänikkilä, Helene Larsen, Jonas Høgberg, Adélie Colin and Florence Tardy

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:86

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli is bacteria that exist as commensal in the intestine of animals and humans, but pathogenic strains cause disease in chickens. The development of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli is one of majo...

    Authors: Edilu Jorga Sarba, Kebede Abdisa Kelbesa, Morka Dandecha Bayu, Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Bizunesh Mideksa Borena and Ayichew Teshale

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:85

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Severe outbreaks of bovine interdigital phlegmon (IP) have occurred recently in several free stall dairy herds in Finland. We studied the aetiology of IP in such herds, and the association of bacterial species...

    Authors: Miia Kontturi, Reijo Junni, Heli Simojoki, Erja Malinen, Eija Seuna, Kirstine Klitgaard, Minna Kujala-Wirth, Timo Soveri and Sinikka Pelkonen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:44

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a highly virulent human pathogen with severe consequences following infection, which claims many lives worldwide. A suggested method for controlling this bacterium is the competitive e...

    Authors: Nasrin Askari and Reza Ghanbarpour

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:14

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    The diagnosis of previous cases of feline tuberculosis in Turkey has been made based solely on pathological changes without isolation of the causative agent. This case report details the first case of feline t...

    Authors: Yesari Eroksuz, Ersoy Baydar, Baris Otlu, Murat Dabak, Hatice Eroksuz, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili and Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:9

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia and represents a major burden to the livestock industry. Virulence can largely be attributed to the secretion of a series of haemo...

    Authors: Ian J. Passmore, Anna Andrejeva, Brendan W. Wren and Jon Cuccui

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:6

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Prophylaxis and treatment of emerging zoonotic Streptococcus suis infection in agricultural and healthcare settings mainly rely on antibiotics. However, continued use of antibiotics contributing to emergence and ...

    Authors: Suganya Yongkiettrakul, Krissana Maneerat, Buppa Arechanajan, Yuwares Malila, Potjanee Srimanote, Marcello Gottschalk and Wonnop Visessanguan

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:5

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  9. Content type: Case Report

    Nocardiosis is often a multi-systemic disease in humans and other mammals. Nocardiosis in birds is uncommon. Laboratory identification of Nocardia to the species level is difficult by traditional phenotypic metho...

    Authors: Sarah M. Churgin, Jade L. L. Teng, Jeremy H. P. Ho, Russell Graydon, Paolo Martelli, Foo Khong Lee, Suk-Wai Hui, Jordan Y. H. Fong, Susanna K. P. Lau and Patrick C. Y. Woo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:4

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum is a host-restricted serotype causing infection in poultry. The pathogen can not only cause acute infection in young chicks with high mortality and morbidity, but also persist...

    Authors: Qiuchun Li, Yue Zhu, Kequan Yin, Lijuan Xu, Chao Yin, Yang Li, Jingwei Ren, Yu Yuan and Xinan Jiao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:3

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is an important poultry pathogen worldwide. This bacterium may cause eggshell changes including an altered shell surface, thinning, and increased translucency in different areas, which le...

    Authors: Olimpia Kursa, Anna Pakuła, Grzegorz Tomczyk, Sławomir Paśko and Anna Sawicka

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2019 15:1

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is a major etiological agent of bovine mycoplasmosis around the world. Point-of-care testing in the field is lacking owing to the requirement for a simple, robust field applicable test...

    Authors: Guimin Zhao, Peili Hou, Yanjun Huan, Chengqiang He, Hongmei Wang and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:412

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Infectious coryza (IC) is an acute respiratory disease of growing chickens and layers caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum. The development of tools that allow rapid pathogen detection is necessary in order to a...

    Authors: Sandra Morales Ruiz, Jorge Bendezu, Ricardo Choque Guevara, Ricardo Montesinos, David Requena, Luz Choque Moreau, Ángela Montalván Ávalos and Manolo Fernández-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:411

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  14. Content type: Case Report

    Even though gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum in goats is mentioned in the classical textbooks, we have not managed to find any case description in the literature.

    Authors: Abdullah Gazioglu, Burcu Karagülle, Hayati Yüksel, M. Nuri Açık, Hakan Keçeci, Muhammet Bahaeddin Dörtbudak and Burhan Çetinkaya

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:406

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of Salmonella enterica subspecies diarizonae serovar 61: k: 1, 5, (7) (SASd) and other Salmonella organisms in sheep in the German federal state of Thuringia was examined for the first time. Pooled...

    Authors: Ulrich Methner and Udo Moog

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:401

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrhea in humans, cows, and pigs. The gut microbiota underlies pathology of several infectious diseases yet the role of the gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of E...

    Authors: Peng Bin, Zhiyi Tang, Shaojuan Liu, Shuai Chen, Yaoyao Xia, Jiaqi Liu, Hucong Wu and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:385

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Periodontal disease (PD) is caused by the development of a microbial biofilm (dental plaque) in the periodontium, affecting approximately 80% of dogs. Several bacterial species present in the canine oral cavit...

    Authors: Eva Cunha, Tiago Trovão, Ana Pinheiro, Telmo Nunes, Raquel Santos, Jorge Moreira da Silva, Berta São Braz, Luís Tavares, Ana Salomé Veiga and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:375

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is a major poultry pathogen which causes severe economic losses in all the productive sectors. The prevalence of MS in European countries has increased in the last few years, leading to g...

    Authors: M. L. Moronato, M. Cecchinato, G. Facchetti, M. Mainenti, F. Gobbo and S. Catania

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:357

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcus agalactiae is pathogenic for both animals and humans. In dairy cattle it commonly causes mastitis, with great economic losses, and there is scientific evidence of mastitis, caseous lymphadenitis, co...

    Authors: Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Monia Cocchi, Ilda Idrizi, Stefano Colorio, Laura Viel, Claudia Zanardello and Patrik Zanolari

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:343

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Carriage of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens by food production animals is one of many contributors to treatment failure in health care settings, and it necessitates an integrated approach to investiga...

    Authors: Kuastros Mekonnen Belaynehe, Seung Won Shin and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:340

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus (Glässerella) parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in pigs. Control of this disorder has been traditionally based on bacterins. The search for alternative vaccines has focused mainly...

    Authors: Álvaro Álvarez-Estrada, César B. Gutiérrez-Martín, Elías F. Rodríguez-Ferri and Sonia Martínez-Martínez

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:326

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are among the leading bacterial causes of bovine mastitis in many dairy-producing countries. Among the challenges associated with the specific diagnosis of CoNS infectio...

    Authors: Tracy Schmidt, Marleen M. Kock and Marthie M. Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:324

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of Lyme disease in dogs in North America depends on effective vaccination against infection by the tick vector-born spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Most vaccines effectively prevent spirochete transmi...

    Authors: Deborah A Grosenbaugh, Karelle De Luca, Pierre-Yves Durand, Bradley Feilmeier, Kristopher DeWitt, Cecile Sigoillot-Claude, Marie-Line Sajous, Michael J Day and Frederic David

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:312

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Multi-drug methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) detection is rapidly increasing in microbial specimens from pets across Europe. MRSP has also been isolated from bitches and newborns in dog...

    Authors: Michela Corrò, Joakim Skarin, Stefan Börjesson and Ada Rota

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:308

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  25. Content type: Methodology article

    Ovine footrot is a highly contagious bacterial disease of sheep, costing the Australian sheep industry millions of dollars annually. Dichelobacter nodosus, the causative agent of footrot, is a gram-negative anaer...

    Authors: Nickala Best, Lucas Zanandrez, Jacek Gwozdz, Eckard Klien, Nicky Buller, Robert Suter, Grant Rawlin and Travis Beddoe

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:252

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Pasteurella multocida type A (PmA) is considered a secondary agent of pneumonia in pigs. The role of PmA as a primary pathogen was investigated by challenging pigs with eight field strains isolated from pneumonia...

    Authors: João Xavier de Oliveira Filho, Marcos Antônio Zanella Morés, Raquel Rebellato, Jalusa Deon Kich, Maurício Egidio Cantão, Catia Silene Klein, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Arlei Coldebella, David Emílio Santos Neves de Barcellos and Nelson Morés

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:244

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  27. Content type: Methodology article

    Slaughter pigs are monitored for the presence of the zoonotic pathogen Salmonella, using both serology and bacteriology. ELISAs used to investigate pig herds are based on the detection of antibodies against compo...

    Authors: Fimme J. van der Wal, René P. Achterberg and Catharina B. M. Maassen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:226

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Dogs presenting with acute leptospirosis may present non-specific clinical and laboratory findings, and the definitive diagnosis may require additional confirmatory tests, including bacterial culture, for the ...

    Authors: Bruno Alonso Miotto, Barbara Furlan Tozzi, Manoela de Souza Penteado, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Andrea Micke Moreno, Walter Lilenbaum and Mitika Kuribayashi Hagiwara

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:222

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. For control of the disease the detection of sub-clinically infected pigs is of major importance to avoid transmitting of sub...

    Authors: Doris Hoeltig, Florian Nietfeld, Katrin Strutzberg-Minder and Judith Rohde

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:211

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) is well known for its probiotic property in human and animals. Lactoferricin (Lfcin) polypeptide can effectively modulate host immune responses and have antimicrobial activity in vi...

    Authors: Han Zhou, Xuechun Li, Zongying Wang, Jiyuan Yin, Hongchao Tan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao, Yanping Jiang, Wen Cui, Min Liu, Yijing Li, Yigang Xu and Lijie Tang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:206

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  31. Content type: Case Report

    The role of corynebacteria in canine and feline otitis has not been investigated in detail; however, members of this genus are increasingly recognized as pathogens of otitis in both human and veterinary medicine.

    Authors: Sonja Kittl, Isabelle Brodard, Lorenz Rychener, Jörg Jores, Petra Roosje and Stefanie Gobeli Brawand

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:200

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is highly prevalent in cereals in moderate climates and therefore pigs are often exposed to a DON-contaminated diet. Pigs are highly susceptible to DON and intake of DON-cont...

    Authors: Annelies Michiels, Ioannis Arsenakis, Anneleen Matthijs, Filip Boyen, Geert Haesaert, Kris Audenaert, Mia Eeckhout, Siska Croubels, Freddy Haesebrouck and Dominiek Maes

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:190

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Members of the genus Shigella are intestinal pathogens and a major cause of seasonal outbreaks of bacterial diarrhea worldwide. Although humans are the conventional hosts of Shigella species, expansion of the Shi...

    Authors: Zhen Zhu, Yuxiang Shi, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li and Jiyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:177

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  34. Content type: Research article

    As the epidemiology of human Q Fever generally reflects the spread of Coxiella burnetii in ruminant livestock, molecular characterization of strains is essential to prevent human outbreaks. In this study we repor...

    Authors: M. Di Domenico, V. Curini, V. Di Lollo, M. Massimini, L. Di Gialleonardo, A. Franco, A. Caprioli, A. Battisti and C. Cammà

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:171

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Rabbits are cecotrophic, hindgut-fermenters that rely heavily on their gastrointestinal microbiota for optimal digestion of plant-based diets. Dysbiosis, caused by disruption of the gastrointestinal microbiota...

    Authors: Jennifer Kylie, J. Scott Weese and Patricia V. Turner

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:143

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are causative agent of extraintestinal infections, collectively known as colibacillosis, which results significant losses in poultry industries. The extraintestinal surviv...

    Authors: Manita Subedi, Himal Luitel, Bhuminanda Devkota, Rebanta Kumar Bhattarai, Sarita Phuyal, Prabhat Panthi, Anil Shrestha and Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:113

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:166

  37. Content type: Research article

    All over the world, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are considered as important zoonotic pathogens. Eight serogroups have the greatest role in the outbreaks and diseases caused by STEC which include...

    Authors: Maziar Jajarmi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Reza Ghanbarpour and Ali Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:97

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Most of surgical site infections (SSI) are caused by commensal and pathogenic agents from the patient’s microbiota, which may include antibiotic resistant strains. Pre-surgical asepsis of the skin is one of th...

    Authors: Luís Belo, Isa Serrano, Eva Cunha, Carla Carneiro, Luis Tavares, L. Miguel Carreira and Manuela Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:95

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Johne’s disease is a major production limiting disease of dairy cows. The disease is chronic, progressive, contagious and widespread; there is no treatment and there is no cure. Economic losses arise from decr...

    Authors: Andrew Bates, Rory O’Brien, Simon Liggett and Frank Griffin

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:93

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Like many members of the Enterobacteriaceae family, Yersinia ruckeri has the ability to invade non professional phagocytic cells. Intracellular location is advantageous for the bacterium because it shields it fro...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Mark L. Lawrence and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:81

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Enhancing caspase-1 activation in macrophages is helpful for the clearance of intracellular bacteria in mice. Our previous studies have shown that EscI, an inner rod protein of type III system in E. coli can enha...

    Authors: Maozhi Hu, Weixin Zhao, Hongying Li, Jie Gu, Qiuxiang Yan, Xiaohui Zhou, Zhiming Pan, Guiyou Cui and Xinan Jiao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:79

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is recognised as an emerging disease in both humans and some animal species. During the past few years, insights into human CDI epidemiology changed and C. difficile is also ...

    Authors: Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Inma Martín-Burriel, Raúl Carlos Mainar-Jaime, Mariano Morales, Ed Kuijper, José L. Blanco, Manuel Chirino-Trejo and Rosa Bolea

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:77

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus, a common cause of bovine mastitis, is known for its ability to acquire to antimicrobial resistance and to secrete numerous virulence factors that can exacerbate inflammation. In addition, a...

    Authors: Limei Zhang, Jian Gao, Herman W. Barkema, Tariq Ali, Gang Liu, Youtian Deng, Sohail Naushad, John P. Kastelic and Bo Han

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:63

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Integrons are mobile DNA elements and they have an important role in acquisition and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes. However, there are limited data available on integrons of Staphylococcus aureu...

    Authors: Longping Li and Xin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:59

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Both diarrhea in calves and mastitis in cows limit cattle production. The bacteria involved in these diseases have shown multi-resistance to antimicrobials, however plant metabolites therefore can provide an a...

    Authors: Izabella Carolina de O. Ribeiro, Emanuelly Gomes A. Mariano, Roberta T. Careli, Franciellen Morais-Costa, Felipe M. de Sant’Anna, Maximiliano S. Pinto, Marcelo R. de Souza and Eduardo R. Duarte

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:32

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  46. Content type: Methodology article

    Brucellosis is a widespread zoonotic disease caused by Gram-negative Brucella bacteria. Immunisation with attenuated vaccine is an effective method of prevention, but it can interfere with diagnosis. Live, attenu...

    Authors: Wenlong Nan, Lide Qin, Yong Wang, Yueyong Zhang, Pengfei Tan, Yuqi Chen, Kairong Mao and Yiping Chen

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:27

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) have gained much attention in recent years due to their biomedical applications, especially as antimicrobial agents. AgNP may be used in poultry production as an alternative to the ...

    Authors: Krishna Prasad Vadalasetty, Charlotte Lauridsen, Ricarda Margarete Engberg, Radhika Vadalasetty, Marta Kutwin, André Chwalibog and Ewa Sawosz

    Citation: BMC Veterinary Research 2018 14:1

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