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Table 3 Quality assessments for the 21 included studies

From: Antibacterial treatment for exotic species, backyard ruminants and small flocks: a narrative review highlighting barriers to effective and appropriate antimicrobial treatment

Author Study design Level of evidence (JBI) Quality assessment
Musgrave 2016 Case series 4 Low
Varshney 2016 Quasi-experimental – controlled study 2 Medium
Thomas 2020 Case series 4 Low
Lord 2011 Expert opinion article 5 Low
Taylor 2010 Case series 4 Low
Papadimitriou 2008 Expert opinion article 5 Low
Kweon 2014 Prospective cohort 3 Medium
Benato 2012 Expert opinion article 5 Low
Cooper 2008 Expert opinion article 5 Low
Osofsky 2006 Expert opinion article 5 Low
Ozawa 2017 Retrospective cohort 3 Medium
Volait-Rosset 2020 Case series 4 Low
Lukac 2013 Case series 4 Low
Abou-Zahr 2018 Case series 4 Low
Lennox 2007 Review – Cohort studies 3 Medium
Pollock 2006 Review 3 Medium
Karunakaran 2018 Prospective cohort 3 Medium
Lotfollahzadeh 2019 Prospective cohort 3 Medium
Koutinas 2007 Prospective cohort 3 Medium
Gururaj 2018 Prospective cohort 3 Medium
Mavangira 2013 Case series 4 Low