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Table 3 Serum concentration (mean ± standard error) of amylin, glucagon, leptin, inflammatory adipocytokines and appetite-regulating hormones in the experimental groups

From: Metabolic variables of obese dogs with insulin resistance supplemented with yeast beta-glucan

Variables OG Experimental groups SOG
LG
Amylin (pg/mL) 3.05 ± 1.18A 3.98 ± 1.80A 5.63 ± 3.52A
Glucagon (pg/mL) 116.75 ± 50.55A 154.54 ± 37.44A 105.21 ± 51.78 A
Leptin (pg/mL) 10000.14 ± 2476.03A 939.86 ± 375.25B 16714.00 ± 4098.69A
IL-6 (pg/mL) 31.9 ± 23.46A 5.5 ± 2.87B 11.3 ± 6.41A
C-reactive protein (pg/mL) 8.8 ± 3.88A 3.1 ± 2.23B 6.1 ± 2.98A
TNF-α (pg/mL) 4.09 ± 1.18A 0.7 ± 0.35B 0.9 ± 0.49B
PYY (pg/mL) 75.30 ± 44.32A 86.46 ± 48.00A 179.78 ± 46.18A
GLP-1 (pg/mL) 4.32 ± 3.04B 1.01 ± 0.38B 14.53 ± 6.50A
  1. Reference range for C-reactive protein: up to 10pg/mL [29]. A, B - Averages followed by the same letter in the rows do not differ from each other, as determined by Student’s t-test (p<0.05). OG: obese group, LG: lean group, SOG: supplemented obese group.